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THE 

DESCRIPTION OF IRELAND, 



AND 



The State thereof as it is at this present 

IN ANNO 1598. 

NOW FOR THE FIRST TIME PUBLISHED 

From a Manuscript preserved in Clongowes-Wood College, 

Sitfj Copious ilotts anli Illustrations 



BY 



EDMUND HOGAN, 

Priest of the Society of Jesns. 



Guille peapa ap 6ipinn 6ig: Addition of knowledge on holy Erin 

Gpiallam cimfceall na ponla, Let us pass round Ireland,' 

Sluaij'iD pip ap puppogpa; Let men go by order ; 

dp na p6mi6 a bpuileam From the lands on which we are 

Na coijeaba cuapcuifceam. The provinces let us visit. 

Irish Topographical Poems. 



Sufaltn : 
M. H. GILL & SON, 50 UPPER SACKVILLE STREET. 

Eontion : 
BERNARD QUARITCH, 15 PICCADILLY 

.878. 



^printrtj bu 

DUBLIN STEAM PRINTING COMPANY, 

94. 95. 9<>, MIDDLE ABBEY STREET, 

DUBLIN. 




* 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



General Description of Ireland, i. 

Ulster, 2, 246, 295. 

Louthe, 3, 260, 296. 

Downe, 6, 260, 296. % 

Antrim, 13, 260, 296. 

Armagh, 19, 250, 261, 296. 

Monaghan, 23, 262, 296. 

Fermanagh, 24, 247, 262, 297. 

Tyrone, 25, 249, 262, 297. 

Coleraine or Deny, 28, 249, 262, 297. 

Dunigal, 29, 248, 262. 

Leinster, 35. 

Dublin, 35, 263, 298. 

Wicklow, 39, 259, 264. 

Kildare, 44, 252, 264. 

Catherlagh, 50, 253, 265, 298. 

Wexford, 55, 256, 265, 298. 

Kilkenny, 65, 254, 266. 

Queen's County, 73, 267, 325. 

King's County, 81, 268. 

Countie of Elye, 87. 

Meath, 89, 268. 

West Meath, 102, 270. 

Longford, 113, 270. 

Cavan, 117, 246, 371, 300. 

Conflaught, 122. 

Clare, 124, 271. 

Galway, 131, 272, 300. 

Mayo, 140, 273, 300. 

Sligo, 144, 275. 

Leytrim, 147, 276, 300. 

Roscommon, 150, 276. 



Mounster, 156. 

Waterford, 157, 277. 

Cork, 167, 278. 

Kerry, 187, 282. 

Limerick, 196, 283, 300. 

Tipperary, 207, 284. 

Noblemen, 217, 349. 

Bishops, 233. 

Havens, 238. 

Revenue, 240. 

Names of the Council of Ireland, 244. 

APPENDIX, 246. 

1. Chichester's Account of Ulster, 246. 

2. Present Known Representatives of 

the Families Extant in 1598, 260. 

3. Catholic Clergy, 285. 

4. Catalogue of Irish Jesuits in 1609, 

290. 

5. Irish Writers ; Irish Colleges 

Abroad, 294. 

6. Additional Notes from Camden, 

296. 

7. Barnaby Riche's Description of 

Dublin, 299. 

8. Records of Events, Battle of Bel- 

lanaboy, &c., 301. 

9. Some Original Letters Written this 

Year, 339. 

" 10. Parliamentary Lists of 1560, 1585, 
and 1613, p. 349. 

11. Addenda et Corrigenda, p. 353. 

12. Round Towers and Index, p. 357. 



PREFACE. 



THE manuscript book, from which this description of Ireland 
has been printed, is a royal quarto, bound in vellum, containing 
ninety -two pages of " The Description of Ireland as it is in 
hoc anno 1598," and fifty-four pages of" Haynes' Observations 
on the State of Ireland in 1600" both specimens of the same 
exquisite penmanship. It bears on the first page the auto- 
graph of the celebrated Father Betagh, S. J., after whose 
death, in 1811, it passed, with his other MSS., to his distin- 
guished pupil, Father Kenny, S. J., by whom it was deposited 
in Clongowes Wood College in the year 1814. It is said by 
competent judges to be about one hundred years old, and it 
is proved by the Betagh autograph and the Blaiiw* watermark 
to have been written between the years 1756 and 181 1. 

It is therefore a transcript ; and such it professes to be 
in the following marginal notes b : ' These lines from being a 
note in the margin hath crept into the text ; ' ' cancelled in the 
Original;' 'In the original the word seemeth to be Omelie, 
but in my opinion it should be O'Reillie.' ' The original ' was 
compiled in the winter of 1598, as appears from the title and 
the following entries : ' O'Rourke hath bene a Rebell saving 
a little time this last sommer, but he revolted again ; ' ' Sir 
Thomas of Desmonde's Son latelie made Earle of Desmonde, 
Capten of the Rebellion in Mounster raised in October last ; ' 
' Donell Spaniaughe of late sturred up by the Earle of Tyrone ; ' 

"The firm of Blauw was established in b The marginal notes of the MS. have, for 

1756" Letter from that Dutch firm, received the sake of appearance, been inserted, within 
through the kindness of Heer Nyhoff. brackets, in the text. 



VI. PREFACE. 

' Sligo Castle was demolished four years ago and since not 
reedified.' These entries, and the references to O'More and 
Tyrrell in Queen's County, to O'Ferrall, to Westmeath and to 
the political state of each county, point to the winter of 1598, d 
while the silence about the death of Sir T. Norreys in June 
1599, and of Sir E. Denny in February 1599, seems to indicate 
that our MS. was written before these dates.' However, the 
list of Noblemen appears to have been penned between the year 
1603, and 1607 (the year of " The Flight of the Earls); " the 
list of Bishops between 1605 and 1610; and the list of the 
Members of the Council between December 1607 and De- 
cember 1608, as ' Lord Davies ' came to Ireland after October i, 
1608, and Winche came after November n, 1607, and, on 
the 8th December, 1608, succeeded Ley as Chief Justice. 
Again, of the many marginal notes, which correct or supple- 
ment the text, and which are here inserted in brackets, two 
were added after Mountjoy's death in April, 1605, on e after 
O'Dogherty's death in July, 1608, and one after 1617, when 
Rothe's ' Analecta' was published/ 

The author was a man of English sympathies, and, no doubt, 
an Englishman, and an English official; his initials are, I 
strongly suspect, those given in the marginal note, at page 
31, ' Belleke is now the possession of S. H.'; B and his name 
was, I presume, S. H[aynes], as Haynes is the writer of the 
second treatise in the book. But since I cannot name the 
author with certainty, I may be told 

To " pass the foundling by, a work of chance ; 
Why into noble families advance 
A nameless issue ? " h 

lllr^'T'tl 3 ' H7 ' , ' PP- 3. '60. pp. -22 & 23 were written soon 

Record of Events of the Year, p. 305, after August, K 9 8 

etc., and pp. 78, ,,5, II2 , 44) 39 . , Q^ .^ ^.^ 

pp. 184, 190. >>Dr,-den. 



PREFACE. VII. 

Why place this thing of obscure or questionable origin by 
the side of the authentic Descriptions by Stanihurst, Derricke, 
Dymmok, Camden, and Riche ? The answer is, that ' the 
original,' spoken of above, whose existence cannot fairly be 
doubted, and which may be slumbering in some home or 
foreign archivium, is a respectable relative, if not the parent, 
of the best descriptions of Ireland hitherto published, and is 
superior to all of them. The ' Dobbs MS.' description ot 
Antrim, written 1 circ, 1598; Lord Burghley's copy of Marshall 
Bagnall's description of Ulster, written k in 1586 ; the Carew 
MS. description of Ulster, written 1 in 1 586 ; and Dymmok's 
' Treatise of Ireland,' m written circ. 1600, are all, as far as they 
go, substantially, and, I may say, verbally the same as the 
Betagh MS.; while the 'Perambulation of Leinster in 1596,'" and 
the state papers given in the published Calendars, in the ' Life 
of MacCarthy Mor,' and in Hardiman's ' lar-Connacht,' res- 
pectively corroborate its statements regarding Leinster, Munster 
and Connaught. These concurrent accounts are enough, I 
think, to give authority to our MS., which besides, as far as one 
can judge from an extract on Wexford, printed in the ' Annuary 
of the Kilkenny Archaeological Society for 1855, ' resembles 
' The Description of the Provinces of Ireland, Carew MSS. 
635,' which Dymmok is said to have abridged. 

Thus the critical and corrective tests of collation, to which 
it has been subjected, establish and illustrate its genuine cha- 
racter, and entitle it to the respect shewn to other published 
descriptions ; moreover it challenges special attention on account 

1 Published by Dubourdieu in 1812. m Edited by Rev. R. Butler, A.B. in 1843. 

* Published by Hore in 1854. " Published in the calendar of Carew Mss. 

1 Printed as " a very interesting and instruc- ad an. 1596. N. B. The Calendar of Carew 

tive survey " in the Calendars of State Papers Mss. (1589 to 1600) is often quoted and its 

by Dr. Russell and Mr. Prendergast. title abridged to Car. Cal. 



Vlll. PREFACE. 

of many particulars, which it alone gives, relating to the chief 
towns and castles, the chieftains, noblemen, and gentlemen, 
and the political state of each county. Finding that it was 
much valued by antiquarians highly qualified to gauge its 
worth, and that it occupied ground, which has been hitherto 
unappropriated or treated with but scant attention ; and hoping 
that it would reward, while it invited editorial care, ' I gave the 
venture ' to edit, supplement, and illustrate it, and to try (though 
unsuccessfully) to raise it to the dignity of an old-world Topo- 
graphical Dictionary and primitive Directory of the year 1598 a 
hard and humble task, ' a work suerly full of unsavoury toyle . . . 
which I write, not of vanity to commend my diligence, but of 
necessity to excuse mine imperfection.' 11 The records of the 
same time and character 11 were ransacked, ' which would minister 
furniture >p for my notes ; the archaic, or rather the perverse 
and profligate, spelling of the i6th century has been followed 
in all its freaks ; and the notes are put together according to 
the method of Hardiman, O'Donovan, and Dr. Reeves, except 
in the case of Ulster, where the peculiar social condition of 
that province, and the necessity of collating the ' Dobbs,' Bagnal, 
and Betagh MSS. made me sacrifice symmetry and reserve the 
notes for the Appendix. The reader will find mentioned over 
one hundred epitaphs, wayside crosses, and other souvenirs of 
those times ; but not much concerning the round towers and the 
manners and customs of the people, as these things are outside 
the object of the original work, and the editor is preparing a 
separate book on the manners and customs of the 1 6th century, 
and is too lightly equipped to deal with the towers and such 
antiquarian matters. On the other hand many may find an 

"Among others, Mr. Gilbert, the author of p Campion's Historie oflreland. 
" the Manuscript Materials of Irish History." i See list of Descriptions of Ireland p. xi. 



PREFACE. IX. 

interest in the Original Documents, the Parliamentary Lists, the 
List of the present known representatives of the old families, r 
and the full record of the events of 1 598, which is given in the 
very words of the State Papers and other contemporary author- 
ities. 8 From the inspection of this record (p. 315), and of the 
old map of the escheated county of Armagh, done in 1609, it 
is clear that O' Donovan, Tucker, and Larcom,' were mistaken 
with regard to the site of the battle-field of Belanahabuy, and 
that the trench was two-thirds, or ' two miles ' of the distance 
from Armagh, and one-third or ' one mile ' from Blackwater 
Fort. This trench is now a drain crossing the solid ground 
Anaha? and carrying its water under Bagnall's Bridge ; and 
beyond it is still the ' scons made on the top of the hill beyond 
the same,'" and near it there is ' a mayne bogg.' v Moreover, in the 
map of 1 609 ' ye long trenche of ye forde ' is distinctly 
sketched, and also the Armagh road, which here branches off 
to Blackwater Fort and Charlemont. 

Having written this much of the history, the author, autho- 
rity, and merit of our MS., of the method of its editor, and of 
the site of the battle of Anaha or Bel- Anaha-buy, ' it remaineth 
that,' with Campion, ' I request my countrymen to bend their 
good liking to my good will, and to deliver me from all unjust 
suspicions,' as I have endeavoured to be sternly archaeological, 
and to handle my documents with an antiquarian temper, or, shall 
I say, ' with a benevolent neutrality.' I may add, with Camden, 
that ' if some there are who contemn this study of antiquitie as a 
back-looking curiosity ... I am not destitute of reasons by 

r Compiled from the works of Sir B. Burke, ' Annals of the Four Masters, note p. 2060; 

Lodge, Archdall, O' Donovan, and others. and the Ordnance Survey, Armagh, in the R. 

1 The memoirs of O'Neill, M'Carthy, and I. Academy. 

Tyrill, promised at p. 176, could not be in- " See Ordnance six-inch Map of Armagh, 

serted for sundry reasons. " pp. 316, 317. 



X. PREFACE. 

which I might approve this my purpose to well-bred, well-mean- 
ing men, who tender the glory of their native land . . . but if 
any there be, who are desirous to be strangers in their own 
soile, and forrainers in their own city, they may so continue 
for such I have not taken these pains.' Finally, with the Four 
Masters, I think ' it is clear through the whole world, wher- 
ever there is nobility or honour, that nothing is more glorious 
than to give the knowledge of antiquity of old authors, and the 

knowledge of the chiefs who lived in the days of yore 

and that it was a cause of pity (for the glory of God and the 
honour of Erin) that the race of the Gael have gone under a 
cloud:" and hence I publish this Description of Ireland 

To THE GLORY OF GoD AND THE HONOUR OF ERIN. 

Oo cum 55^ 01 P e Qe asup Onojia na h-Gpeann. 



MILLTOWN PARK, DUBLIN, 
May, the \st, 1878. 



XI. 

LIST OF DESCRIPTIONS OF IRELAND. 

1. Topographical Poems of O'Duggan and O'Heerin. 

2. MS. Abbreviate of Ireland and Description of the Power of Irishmen, by 

Dean Nowell who died in 1576. 

3. Campion's, in 1575. 

4. Derricke's ' Image of Ireland,' 1581. 

5. Carew MSS., No. 635. 

6. Stanihurst's ' Plaine and Perfect Description,' 1586. 

7. A brife Description by Payne, in 1589. 

8. Dymmok's ' Treatice of Ireland,' circ. 1598. 

9. Camden's in 1607 ; the best hitherto published. 

10. Barnaby Riche's ' New Description of Ireland,' in 1610.' 

11. Moryson's, in 1617. 

DESCRIPTIONS OF PARTS OF IRELAND. 

1. Bagnall's Slender Description of Ulster, in 1586 ; published in 1854. 

2. Carew MSS., Description of Ulster, u. p. 437. 

3. Carew MSS., Description of Ulster, Vol. 621. 

4. Sir A. Chichester's Description of Ulster, in Calendar of State Papers, 

an. 1609. 

5. ' Dobbs MS. Description of Antrim,' circ. 1598; published by 

Dubourdieu in 1812. 

6. Loughfoyle in 1601 ; published in Ulster Journal of Archaeology. 

7. ' Perambulation of Leinster in 1596,' in Calendar of Carew MSS. 

8. ' Counties of the Pale,' Ussher MSS. E. 4 33. 

9. Barony of Forth, printed in the Kilkenny Journal of Archaeology. 

10. Composition of Connaught in 1585 in Hardiman's lar-Connacht and 

O'Donovan's Hy-Many and Hy-Fiachrach. 
n. Description of Connaught in 1612, printed in Archaeologia Vol. 27. 

12. Description of Clare, MSS. E. 2. 14,, Trinity College, printed in this 

book. . 

13. O'Flaherty's Chorographical Description of lar-Connacht in 1684, 

published by Hardiman. 

14. O'Roddy's Description of Leitrim, MS. T.C.D. 

15. Ordnance Survey MSS., in Royal Irish Academy. 

1 6. Old Maps the first in 1567 ; the second in 1571 for the Government ; 

Nowel's; Jobson's Ulster in 1590; Janson's ; Speed's ; Maps of the 
Escheated Counties in 1609 ; Maps in the Pacata Hibernia. 






Xll. 



THE notes have been taken from the foregoing Descriptions, from the publica- 
tions of the Irish Archaeological Society's, the Kilkenny Journal of Archaeology, 
the Ulster Journal of Archaeology, the Life and Letters of McCarthy Mor, the 
Calendars of the Carew Manuscripts, and other Calendars. The Calendar of the 
Carew MSS. from year 1589 to 1600 is meant by the reference Car. Cal., which is 
so frequently repeated. I have also ransacked the various County Histories and 
Statistical Surveys, the Topographical Dictionaries of Seward and Lewis, and the 
Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland, the Annals of the Four Masters., and the 
Historia Catholica of O'Sullevan Beare. 

The gentlemen, who preside over the libraries of The Royal Irish 
Academy, of The Royal Dublin Society, and Trinity College, gave me every 
facility for examining the treasures which are under their care. To them and to 
the gentlemen of the Record Office I beg. to tender my best thanks. 



V THE DESCRIPTION OF IRELAND 

AND THE STATE THEREOF, AS IT IS AT THIS PRESENT 

IN ANNO 1598. 



IRELAND containeth in length from the old head of Kinsale 
in the South (which is West and to North from St. Michel's 
mount in Cornwall) unto Ramshead Hand in the North of 
Ulster, which is from Loghryan in Scotland, about 260 Miles ; 
and in Breadth from Hoth, near Dublin, which is East, to 
Croghe Patrick in Maio Westward, 120 Miles." There are in 
Ireland, according to the old number of their division of Lands, 
6814 Town Lands; in Leinster, 1930; in Munster, 2200; in 
Connaught, 1600; in Meath, 84; in Ulster, 1000. 

Every Town containeth Eight Plowlands arable, besides 
pasture for 300 Kyne ; the Sume of the arable Plowlands is 
54,512, besides Woods, Marshes, moores, pastures and Hills. 
Every Plowland containeth 1 20 Acres, every Acre is in Breadth 
4 Roodes or Perches, in Length 40 Perches, and every Rood 
21 Foot, so the Irish Acre exceedeth the English Acre by 5 / 8 . 
If Ireland were re-formed, it might yield every year of common 

a 'Irelande lieth a-loofe in the West least breadths are 174 and in miles.' 

Ocean ; in proportion it resembleth an Thorn's Directory. 
egge, blunt and plaine on the sides, not ' From the South forelande to the 

reaching forth to sea, in nookes and northe pointe called Thorach, about 

elbowes of land, as Brittaine doth.' 300 myles; and in breadthe from 

Campion. Dublin to St. Patrick's mounte and the 

' Its shape is that of a rhomboid, the sea beating alongst Connaught, 140 

great diagonal of which is 302 miles, miles Irish, which are somewhat larger 

and the less 210 miles ; its greatest and than our Englishe myles.' Dymmok. 

A 



2 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO I 598. 

Subsidies upon every Plowland vi* viij"', which would amount 
yearly to 18,170'- 13*' iiij v -, besides Customs of Havens, Ports, 
and offices, which was in old time 20,000 marks yearly, besides 
the Inheritance of the Crovvne ; that was, in Ulster, 32,000 
marks and an half; in Connaught, 28,000 marks x* vj v - ; in 
Meath, 18,000 marks, besides Munster and Leinster, and 
besides all advowsons of Churches, Wards, Marriages, Reliefs 
and Escheats, first fruits, xx parts, imposts, and other Casualties. 
Ireland is Divided into five parts or provinces : Ulster, 
Meath, b Munster, Leinster, and Connaught. The province of 
ULSTER lyeth in the furthest part North of the Realm. It is 
divided from Meath with the River Boyne on the South-east 
part, and with the Breyine, which is called Omelies d Country, on 
the South, and on the South-west it boundeth upon Connaught, 
namely, upon the County of Leytrim and the County of Sligo ; 
the rest is altogether invironed with the Sea, and containeth in 
it Nine Counties 1 , three of Antient and old making, and six new 
made, the names whereof are these : 



Doune, 


Old Counties. 






Antrim, 








Armagh, Tyrone, 


Fermanagh, 


; New 


Monaghan, Coleraine, 


Donegall, 


Counties. 



b ' Meathe, so called, as lying in the e ' Some attribute the co. of Cavan for 

midst of the country, and composed of a tenth.' Dymmok. ' The Irish forces 

a part of every province; or else for of these counties were 1702 horse and 

that it conteyneth but 18 cantreds, 7220 foote.' Moryson. 'The places of 

whereas the others contain 34 or 35 a strengths and fastnesses in Ulster are the 

piece. -Dymmok. woodds and boggs of cianbrasselogh, 

I he insurgents of all Ireland in Clancane in the co. of Armagh, and the 

1599 amounted to 18,368 foote and woodds and boggs of Killulto Kilwarlin 

23 f! ^- Mor y s - Killoutry, and south Clandeboye, in ye 

Relye's countrey.' Bagnall. co. of Downe.' Dymmok p 26 



COUNTY OF LOUTH. 



THE COUNTY OF LOUTHE. 

The Countie of LOUTH containeth all the Land by the Sea 
coast, from the River of the Boyne by Drogheda to the Haven 
of Carlingford on the East, and it hath the Countie of Meath to 
the South, and South-west the barbarous Countries of the Fewes, 
part of the County of Armagh to the North, and the Countrie 
of Feony, part of the same County to the West, by means 
whereof it is exposed to the incursions of the rude people 
inhabiting these Countries,' who in times past kept a great part 
of this Countrie lying next them wast ; but of late years Tyrone ' 
and his adherents hath made the whole Countie desolate, that it 
might not yield to the English Armie, whensoever it should 
invade him, any succour or relief, either of men, or Victuals for 
men or Horses, or any convenient place for soldiers to garrison 
in, now againe re-inhabitted. 

It is part of the English paile, and beareth contribution with 
the rest of the English countries. 



TOWNES INCORPORAT \ 

in the Countie of 
Louth are these. 



Drogheda, standing upon the Boyne, 2 
Miles from the Sea, with a barred Haven 
very dangerous to enter in, governed by 



and walled : a Mair and 2 Sheriffes. 

Dundalk, I Both Sea Townes, and walled, 
Carlingford, j but barred ; Ardee, a drie 
Towne within the Land 
westward, walled. 

f ' It hath the most dangerous bor- Monaghan, upon the O'Neiles of the 
derers and neighbors of any county ; Teenes, and the O'Hanlons of Armagh.' 
for it lyeth on the MacMahons of Dymmok. Feony should be Ferny. 



4 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

THE LORDS SPIRITUAL. The Primate Armagh, his chief Hous 
and Seat at Armagh ; but he hath much Lande in 
this Countie, and at this time his whole Residence 
is in Drogheda or thereabout. 

LORDS TEMPORALL. The Lord of Louth, whose surname is 
Plunket, his chief Hous is Louth. 

KNIGHTS. Sir Gerrot Moore, his chief Hous is Millefont. 

Sir Chyver [Christofer] Bedlow, his Hous is called 
of himself Bedlowstoune. 

Sir Nico. Bagnell, the Father, and Sir Henrie, his 
Sone, both Knight Marshalls of Ireland, had much 
possessions in this Countie, and sometimes had their 
residence at Carlingford, where Sir Henry was borne 
[but for many years they have resided at the Newrie, 
the L. whereof is now called Arthure Bagnell, an 
idiot.] 

Plunketts, 
Brandons, 
Taffes, 
}- Cashells, 
Barn walls, 
Verdons, 



GENTLEMEN 8 of better 
and meaner sort 
are these : 



Dartoyes, 

Bedlowes, 

Garlands, 

Warrens, 

Clintons, 

Moores, 

Dowdals. 



* We have here forty names. We 
find only twenty-five in the Perambula- 
tion of the Pale, which, however, gives 
fourteen additional names : ' Tath (sic, 
but it should be Taaffe), of Clintons- 
town ; Tath of Cookstown ; Tath of 
Stevinstown; Tath of Rathclare; Dow- 
dal of Glassepestell; Clinton of Drum- 
cashell ; Plunket of Nuehowse ; Gernon 



of Gernonstown ; Gernon of Donmogh- 
an; Babe of Derver ; Stanley of Merlins- 
town ; Warren of Warrenstown; Barn wall 
of Rathesker; Talbot of Castlering; 
Rice Ap Hugh, Provost Marshal of the 
Ardye.' It also informs us that Fleming 
lived at Crowmerton, and that Verdon of 
Clonmbre was ' descended of Theobald 
Verdon, High Constable of Ireland.' 



COUNTY OF LOUTH. 



Of Plunketts in this Countie are 
Plunket of Bewlie. 
Plunket of Correstone. 

Other Gentlemen. 

Dowdall of Newton. Cashells, 

Taffe of Ballibrayen. 
Drake of Drakeston. 
Peppard of Ardy. 
Bath of Raferghe. 
Clinton of Clintonstoune. 
Dromgold of Dromgoldstoune. 
Wotton of Rochestoune. 
Garland of Bothnan. 
Garlond of Garlondstonne. 
Verdon of Clonmor[vel Clonnor] Worrall. 
Allen of Ardy. Birrell. 



of Carlingford. 



, of Dundalk. 
Brandons, 

Sagrave of the Grange. 

Dowdon of Dowdonstonne. 

Merriman, 

Butler, 

Hurlestone of Killany. 

Garlond of Killoncowle. 

Brett. Car. 

Fleming. Cooke. 

Sherlock. 

Nugent. 



Cusack of Richardstoune. 
Hadsor of Keppock. 

h The Members of Parliament for 
Louth in is6owere Taf de Ballebragane 
and Dowedal de Glassepistell ; in 1582 
the members were Gerlone and Moore. 
In this county there are of the Queen's 
troops, 350 foote at Dundalk. under 
Egerton, Bisset, and Bingley ; 200 foote 
at Artherdee, under Sir Garret Moore and 
Captaine Roe. Moryson, p. 43. The 
garrison of Drogheda in 1595 consisted 
of 120 footmen of Sir H. Morris, 60 f. of 
Captain Wingfield, and 60 f. of Captain 
Brett. Calendar of Carew MSS. Cap- 
tain Brett was probably of the Louth 
family mentioned in the text. ' Fleming' 
was Captain Garret Fleming, at whose 



Chamberlayne. Barnwall. 
White.* 

castle the truce was concluded between 
the commissioners of Tyrone and Essex, 
on the 8th Sept. 1599. Vide Carew 
Calendar. He was the grandson of Sir 
Garret Fleming, Marshal of Ireland, and 
was the father of the celebrated Fran- 
ciscan, F. Fleming, who was born in 
1 5 99 , at Belatha Lagain, in Louth. Vide 
Ulster Jour, of Arch., No. 8, p. 254. 
Only three of these names are now to be 
found among the magistrates or among 
the ' County Families' of Louth, viz., 
Lords Louth and Bellew, and Mr. Taaffe 
of Smarmore Castle. See Thorn's Di- 
rectory, and Walford's County Families. 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



THE COUNTIE OF DOUNE. 

This shyre contayneth all the Countries between the Haven 
of Carlingford and the Borry" of Knockfergus, viz. : 

The Topp b of the Newrie. 

The Topp b of Mourn ey. 

Evaghe, otherwise called M c Gennes' c Country. 

Kilulto. lecahell. 

Kiwarlen. Duffrin. 

Kinalewarten. little Ardes and great Ardes. 
South Clandeboye. 

Clonbrassell M c yoolechan. d 

THE TOPPS OF NEWRIE AND MOURNE are the Inheritance of 
the H eyres of S r Nich. Bagnoll, who at his first coming hither 
found them altogether Wast, and Shane O'Neall dwelling within 
less than a Mile to the Newrie, at a place called feidem. 
Suffering no subject to Travel from Dundalk Northwards, but 
Sithence the Buildings and Fortifications made there by the 
said S r Nicolas, all the Passages were made free, and much 
of the Countrie next adjacent reduced to reasonable tributs 
[civilitie], till this late Rebellion of Tyrone hath stopped againe 
all the said Passages, and layed the Countrie in a manner Wast, 
as it was in the said tyme of Shane O'Neall, 'but since the King's 
tyme returned to the former State. 6 



a I ' 



' The Bay of Knockfergus.' Dobbs d Written M'Boolechan further on ; 

and Dymmok. but M c Coolechan in Dobbs, and M c Goo- 

b A curious mistake for Lopp, i.e., lechan in Bagnall. It is MacDuile- 

' Lordshipp/asitis 'm.Dobbswi&.Bagnall. chain in Irish ; perhaps it is the present 

c '^//Maginnes' country' is in Dobbs; northern name of Dullagan? 

but it is a mistake for called, which is in e The words from e to ' are not in 

the Betagh and Bagnall MSS. Dobbs. 



COUNTY OF DOWN. 



In this Countrie are few Gentlemen of name, the whole 
Inhabitants being Tenants to late f S r Henrie Bagnoll. 

EVEAGHE [Evaghe], otherwise called MGennes Countrie, 
was lately governed by Sr Hugh M c Genne, g and now by his 
Sone, S r Arthure M c Gennes, g the civilest of all the Irish in these 
parts. He was brought of by Sir Nicholas Bagnoll from the 
Bonnoght h [paying of meal, butter, and some money for paying 
of O'Neall's soldiers] 11 of the O'Neall's, to contribute to the 
Prince [Queene], to whome he did paie an Anual Rent for his 
Lands, which he took by Letters patents to hold after the 
Inglishe manner, for him and his H eyres males ;' So as in this 
place only k of Ulster the rude custome of Thanistship 1 was taken 
away. But this old Knight being dead, his Sone that succeeded 
being a young Man, hath ioyned himself with Tyrone, his 
Brother-in-law m [for Tyrone hath to his Wife the sister of this 
M c Gennes], m and thereby hath cast away his Father's civilitie, 
and returned to the rudeness of the country. MGennes is able 
to make four Score Horsemen and near 200 Footmen." Of 
late he hath carried himself well, and admitted Freeholders in 
his Country by advice of the State. 

KILULTO is a very fast Countrie, full of Wood and Boggs. 
It bordereth upon Lough Evaghe and Clonbrassell ; the Capten 
thereof was one Cormack M c Neal, who likewise was brought by 

' This word is not in Dobbs. Lord Burghley inserted ' amongest the 



* h The words from to *, h to h , are 

not in Dobbs. ' This word ls misspelled Thom 

ship' in Dymmok. 

' He lyeth very cyvilly and Englishe m From m to m is a marg i na l note in 

like in his house, and every festival day Qur Mg . in Dgbbs k is in parent hesis. 

weareth Englishe garmentes amongst He had 6lQ f and I20 h in 

his own followers.' Bagnall. Carew Calendar. 

k After ' only' in the Bagnal MS. From to is not in Dobbs. 



8 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO I 598. 

S r Nich. Bagnoll from the Bonnaghts p of O'N call's to yield to 
the Prence [Quene], but at this present the captaine thereof is 
Bryan MArt, Brother's Son to the Earl of Tyrone. He is able 
to make 30 Horsmen q and 180 Shot and Kearne. r [The 
Kearnes' arms are swords, tergats, and darts.] r This countrie, 
before the barons' Warrs in Ingland, was possessed and Inhabit- 
ted by Inglishmen, and there doeth yet remain an old defaced 
Castle, which still beareth the name of one S r Miles Tracie. 

KILWARTEN," Bounding upon Kilulto, is a verie fast Wood- 
land ; the Captain thereof was one IVPRorie,' and sometymes did 
contribute and yield to Clandeboy, and after reduced to have 
dependance upon the Quene ; But of late the Earl of Tyrone 
hath given this Countrie to one of his Coosons, named Owen 
MHughe : this Countrie is able to make xx Horsemen and 
aboute 100 Footmen. 

KINALEWARTEN, otherwise called M c Cartie [forsan M c Cartan] u 
Countrie, is likewise a Woodland and Boggie. It Lyeth between 
Kilwarton and Lechaell, the Capten thereof is called Acholie 
M c Cartan, and did yield to the Quene, but lately adherred to the 
Earl of Tyrone, as one of O'Neall's vassals. It is able to make 
260 Footmen, but few or no Horsemen, by reason that the 
Country is so full of Woods and Boggs. v 

p ' From the bondage of the O'Neils.' Bagnall, and Kilwartin in the index to 

Bagnall; but it should be bonnaght, the Carew Calendar. 

as in our MS. and in Dobbs. , By sirname is M c Genis called Ever 

Twenty h. and 160 foote and M'Rorie Bayiall. 

Kerne.' Dobbs. The Carew Calendar 

states that Bryan M'Art was captain of ' Klndeartle > or M'Carthaney's 

300 foot, 'trained after ye English Country' 2fc*fo/ but Bagnall has 

manner, besides rascals and Kerne.' 

' From ' to r is not in Dobbs. " M c Artan and the Sleaght M c Neill 

s Recte Kilwarlin, as in Dobbs and hath 100 f. and 20 h. in 1599. Carau 

Bagnall ; yet also written Kilwaren in Calendar. 



COUNTY OF DOWN. 9 

CLONEBRASSELL M C BOOLECHAN (so called for difference be- 
tween this and another Countrie of the same name in the Countie 
of Armagh), is a verie vast Countrie of Wood and Bogg, 
Inhabitted with a sept called the O'Rellies," verie Savage and 
Barbarous people, given altogether to Spoiles and Robberies. 
They contribute, but of their own pleasure, to the capten of 
Glandeboy, b but were lately followers to Tyrone. b They can 
make few Horsemen and 160 Kearne and Shott. 

LECHAELL is, c for most part, the Inheritance of d the Earls of 
Kildare, d the abbey Lands whereof were given to Gerrot, Earle 
of Kildare, and his wife and the heyres Males of his Bodie, by 
Queen Marie at their Marriage, and the Earl's restitution to his 
Blood and Lands, in place of some of his livings given away to 
others by patent by King Henrie the 8 th in the tyme of his 
attainder. "But by reason the Heyres Males are now all extinct, 
the King gave these lands to the late Earl of Devonshire, and he 
disposed of them to the late L. Cromwell, whose heyres now enioy 
them* f [These lines (in italics) from being a note in the margin, 
hath crept into the text.] f It is almost an Hand, and no trees in 
it ; in it is the Bishop's seat called Downe. First built and 
Inhabitted by one S r John Coursey, who brought with him 
sundrie Inglish Gentlemen and planted them in this Countrie, 
where some of their posteritie yet remaine ; g their names are 
Savages. Audlies. 

Russells. Jordans. 

Fitzsimons. Bensons. 

" ' The Kellies greatly affected to the not in Dobbs ; from f to f is a marginal 

Scott, whom they often draw into their note. 

countries for the spoilinge of the sub- * ' Where some of them yet remayne, 

jects.' Bagnall. 'The O'Rellies.' though somewhate degenerate and in 

Dobbs. poore estate ; yet they hold still their 

bcd.f From b to b^ c-c^ d-d ; e- Cj M j s freeholdes.' Bagnall. ' I assure your 

B 



10 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO I 598. 



h This Country of Lecahell, before it was spoyled by the 
Rebells, yielded yearly to the Earl of Kildare 8oo & ster. in Rent, 
besides much Service and many other duties. 1 * 

DUFFRYN, sometimes the Inheritance of the Mandevills, and 
now appertayning unto one Whyte, Gent.,' who, by reason 
of his residence in the pale, cou'd not defend same in the late 
Rebellion. j lt is now come to be held by Lease by Mr. James 
Hamilton.J This Countrie is for the most part Woodie, and 
lieth upon the Lough called lough coyne, which issues into the 
Sea at the Haven of Strangford ; this lough is farr navigable 
within the Land, wherein are divers Isles, and in some of them 
Strong Castles. This Countrie is able to make 120 Footmen 
and 20 Horsemen. 

LITLE ARDES lyeth on the North side of the River of 
Strangford k by the Sea, k a fertile Champion Countrie. 'The 
Inhabitants are an old colonie of the English. 1 It is the Inherit- 
ance of the Lord Savage, who, being not able to withstand the 
violence of the O'Neals, was constreyned to take what they will 
give him. There are besides dwelling here certen ancient 
Freeholders of the Savages and Smithes, able to make amongst 
them all 30 Horsemen and 60 Footmen, but of late being 
spoiled by their Neighbours, some were compelled to remove, 



Lordship I have been in many places 
and countries in my days, and yet did 
I never see for so much a pleasanter 
plott of grounde than the sayd Lecayll, 
for the commoditie of the land and 
divers islands in the same, environed 
with the sea.' Lord Grey the Deputy 
in 1 539> quoted in note to B agnail MS. 

h From h to h is not in Dobbs. 

' ' A mean gentleman, who is not of 
power sufficient to defend the same; 



therefore it is usurped and inhabited 
by the neighbours.' Dobbs. ' It is 
usurped by a bastard sorte of Scotts, 
who yield to White some small rent at 
their pleasure. There are of those bas- 
tard Scottes dwelling here some 60 bow- 
men and 20 shott, which live most upon 
the praie and spoil of their neighbours. ' 
Bagnall. 

J kl From J to J, k to k , and ' to ', is not 
in Dobbs or Bagnall. 



COUNTY OF DOWN. 



I I 



some others, that knew not whither to go, ""continued there to 
this daie. m 

GREAT ARDES is almost an Hand, a Champion, and fertile 
Land, and now possessed by Sf Hugh Montgomery and Mr. 
James Hamilton. But the Ancient dwellers there are the 
[ . . ], a rich and strong Sept of people, always followers of 
the O'Neall's of Clandeboy. The force of the Inhabitants now 
dwelling there is small, the same being yet a Beginning of a 
Plantation from [...]. 

SOUTH CLANDEBOYE is for the most part a Woodland, and 
reacheth from the Duffrin to the river of Knockfergus ; p the 
Capten of this was Con O'Neal, q his chief Hous is called 
Castlereagh. This Countrie was able to make 40 Horsemen 
and 80 Footmen, r but the late Rebellion hath consumed them 
all/ 



m 'They are often harrowed and 
spoiled by them of Clandeboy, with 
whom the borders of their lands do 
joine.' Bagnall. Dobbs says, 'not 
knowing what to do, they have joined 
themselves to the enemy.' From m 
to m is not in Dobbs or Bagnall. 

" ' The Ogilmers, a rich, &c. The 
land is now possessed by Sir Con Mac- 
Neil Oige, who hath planted there Neil 
M c BryanFerto with sondrey of his owne 
sirname. The force of the inhabitants 
now dwellinge there is 60 horsemen and 
300 footemen.' Bagnall. 

From to is not in Dobbs. 

p ' The river of Knockfergus, Kilulto, 
lyinge upon Lough Eaghe and Clan- 
braselo. ' Dymmok. 



" 'NialM c Bryan Plain.' Dobbs. 'Sir 
Con M c Neil Oige O'Nele, who in the 
time that th' Erie of Essex attempted 
this country was prisoner in the castle 
of Dublin, together with his nephewe, 
Hugh MThelim, Capten of North 
Clandeboye, by mean whereof Sir Brian 
M'Phelim, younger brother to Hugh, 
did then possess both countries. The 
Southe parte is able to make 40 horse- 
men and 80 footemen.' Bagnall. 

1 The Dobbs MS. has not these re- 
markable and significant words from ' to 
'. In 1598 the Lords of Upper and 
Lower Clannaboy had 1 20 h. and 300 f. ; 
and in 1599 Neil M c Bryan Fertagh, 
Lord of Upper Clannaboy, had 80 f. 
and 50 horse in the service of Hugh 
O'Neil. Carew Calendar. 



12 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



. . / 

TOUNES m the Countie 

ofDouneare- (Argl 



The Newrie,' 



as. 



All unwalled, and with- 
Qut ^ priviledges of 

a Corporation. 



, / Green Castle, 'belonging to the Queene,' 
CASTLES in the said c ,: f , , .1 

near the barr of Carlmgford, upon the 

Countie- ( Sea 

Dundrum, "belonging to the Earl of Kildare," in the Bottom 
of the Bay, that divideth lecahell from Evaghe. The Castle of 
the narrow Water which kepeth the River that goeth to the 
Newire, passable. 

Stranyford. 

Ranechadie, j within the Iks of Lough Coyne 

Scatteng, ; 

Castlereaghe, in the Great Ardes. v 

This Countrie hath the Sea to the East, the Countie of 
Armagh to the West, the Haven of Carlingford and that river 
to the South, the Countries of Brasilagh, Clancan, and Lough 
Eaghe to the North. 



1 At the Newrie in 1599 there were 
50 h. under Sir S. Bagnoll, and 950 f. 
under Bagnoll, Blayney, Bodley, Freckle- 
ton, Tobias Caufield, Stafford, and 
Leigh. ' Moryson. 

' From ' to *, and " to " is not in Dobbs, 
nor is there anything about the towns 
and castles in Bagnall. 

" ' Doundrome, one of the strongest 
holts that ever I saw in Ireland, and 
most commodious for the defence of 
the whole country of Lecayll, both by 
sea and land.' Lord Grey, in 1539. 

* By mistake, the Dobbs' MS. has 



' Castlereagh in Lough Coyne.' The 
Savages of Down are still represented 
by Col. Andrew Nugent, of Portaferry, 
of the Scots Greys, the old name of 
whose family was Savage. The Russels 
are represented by Mr. Russell, pro- 
prietor of Quoniamstown, near Down 
Patrick, in whose family the property 
has remained for six centuries, and by 
C. Russell, Esq., of Killough. The 
Whytes are represented by J. J. Whyte, 
Esq., of Loughbrickland, J.P. & D.L., 
of the Co. of Down. 



COUNTY OF ANTRIM. 



THE COUNTY OF ANTRIM. 

The Countie of ANTRIM stretcheth from the River of Craig- 
fergus to the River 3 of the Bann.and containeth these Countries: 

North Clandeboy. 

Hand magie, Bryan Carroghes Countrie. 

The Glynnes. 

the rout. 

NORTH CLANDEBOY is for the most part a plain Country, 
being in length from the River of Belfast and Craigfergus to the 
Rout, and in bredth from the Glynnes to the great Lough called 
Eaghe, otherwise called Lough Sidney. This Land was given 
by the Quene by Letters Patents to S! Bryan M c Phelim's Sones, 
notwithstanding by a division made by S' John Perrott the one 
moyetie thereof was allotted to Hugh M c Phelim's Sones, whereby 
great dissention fell out between them, and several Slaughters 
on both parts hath been committed. b [But Shane M c Brian 
possesses some part thereof at this day ; the rest for the most 
was given by the h. L. Sir Arthure Chicester to the L. Dep.J b 
The principall of all was c in this Countrie were these : the 



* ' To the goinge out of the Bann.' could not make out the names in the 

Bagnall. copy which he had. The variantes, 

b From b to b is a marginal note, ' Tartur ' and ' Bertier,' and ' the prin- 

and is not in Dobbs. cipal followers' and ' the principal of all 

c 'The principal followers in this was,' are very remarkable; the latter 

countrey are these : the M c Gies, seems to be due to a lapsus lingua. 

M'Onulles, Onulchalons, Durnam, and Dymmok says, ' North Clandeboy is 

Tarturs.' Bagnall; but, according to divided into two partes, the river of 

Dobbs, they were MacYnes, Mac- Kellis being the mear bounde. The 

Quillens, Ownilechabees, Dawmans, south parte thereof was geven for a 

and Bertiers.' The writer of our MS. rent to the sonnes of Brian MThelim 



14 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

The force which they were able to make was 80 Horsmen 
and 300 Footmen, d but the most part in the last Rebellion killed." 1 

I LAND MAGIE. 

ILAND MAGIE is a portion of Land within five Miles of Craig- 
fergus, almost environed with the Sea, the head Land thereof 
maketh the Haven of Olderfleet. It is five Miles long, but little 
more than a Mile broad, all plaine without any Wood, very 
fertile. It was given by the late Quene to the then Erie of 
Essex his Grandfather, and from him lately purchased by the 
L. Dep c . 

BRYAN CARROGHES COUNTRIE was a portion of North Clande- 
boy, but wonne from it by some of the Scottish Irysh f of the 
Sept of the Clandonnels, who entered the same, and yet do hold 
it, being a verie strong piece of Land, lying upon the North side 
of the Bann. The name of the now Capten thereof is Bryan 
Carraghe, who possesseth also another piece of the Countrie 
upon Tyrone's side upon the Bann, for which he did contribute 
to the Quene 8 and for the Lande on the north Side to the Lorde 
of that part of Clandeboy. This man, by reason of the Fastness 
and Strength of his Countrie, having succour on each side of the 

O'Neill, who ' were all pencioners in the M c Gyes, and contribute to the Lord 

Ireland to her Majestic; and the eldest, of Clandeboy, but doth of right belong 

Shane M c Brian, yet ly vinge, was cheeffe. to the Quene's Castle of Carikfergus.' 

The north parte beyond Kellis to the BagnaU. ' It is the inheritance of the 

river of Bann by Lough Eaugh was now Erie of Essex.' Dymmok. ' It 

assigned to the sonnes of Hugh hath its name from the M'Gies, it is 

M c Phelim, elder brother to Sir Bryan, granted in lease to one Savage, one of 

whose eldest son in that part is Hugh the Erl of Essex his men.' Dobbs. 
Oge M'Hugh.' Dymmok. 

d From d to d is not in Dobbs A bastard kmde of Scotts - Bagriall 

' Hand M'Gye, a portion of land and DoN "' 

within 3 miles of Knockfergus. It is * He doth contribute to O'Neil. 

almost all waste ; such as be there be Bagnall and Dobbs. 



COUNTY OF ANTRIM. 15 

Bann, was so obstinate and careless as he never wou'd appear 
before any deputie, h untill this Deputie came to be Governor of 
Craigfergus, h but yielded what relief he could to the Scotch. 
His force in People is very small, he standeth only upon the 
Strength of his Country, which indeed is the fastest Ground of 
Ireland.' 

THE GLYNNES is a Countrie so called, because its full of 
rockie and wooddie dales ; it stretcheth j in length xxiv Miles on 
the one side, being backed with a very steepe and Boggie 
mountaine, and on the other part with the sea, on which side 
there are many Creekes between Rocks and Thicketts where 
the Scottish Gallies do commonly land ; at either end are verie 
narrow Entries and passages into the Countrie, which lieth 
directlie opposite to Cantyre, from which it is xviii Miles distant. 
The Countrie of Glynnes containeth Seven Barronies, whereof 
the lie of Raghlins is compted half a Barronie. The Names of 
the Barronies are these : Larne. 

This Countrie of the GLYNNES was possessed Parke. 
by Agnes M c Connell of Cantyre ; but these three Glanarme. 
or four years past, they have been possessed by Radboy. k 
S! Randoll M c Donell, Brother to S! James Lade. 1 
M c Connell, who enjoys them at this present, and Carie. 
is able to make 120 Footmen and 16 Horse- Mowberry. 
men. m 

h From h to h is not in Dobbs. ' Lade is not in Dobbs, but it is in 

1 ' The fasted and safest ground of Bagnall. 

Ireland it is very hard to hurt him.' ' I00 f and I00 h Carew Calendar; 

Dymmok and Bagnall. but Dymmok says . <j ames M c Surly 

j ' It stretcheth from the haven of Buy and his two brothers, Neece and 

Olderfleete to the Route.' Dymmok. Randol, possessing the country of 

k Redbay where Randal, now Lord of Towany (being the Route), and ye 

the country, has his residence. Dobbs. seven Glynnes, hath 400 f. and 100 h.' 






1 6 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

These were sometymes the Inheritance of Baron Misset, 
from whom it is descended to a Daughter, who was married to 
one of the Clandonnells in Scotland, by whom the Scottish now 
make their claime to the whole, and did quietlie possess the 
same for many years, till not long agoe being spoiled of their 
Goods they were whollie banished into Scotland. But againe, 
the Countrie, by Instructions from the Quene, was let to Agnes 
MConnell and her" Uncle Surleboy, to be holden from her," and 
Her Heyres and Successors for a certen Rent yearly payable. 
The force of this Countrie is uncertaine, for that they were 
Supplyed as need required, from Scotland with what Nombers 
they Listed to call for, by making of Fires upon many Steepe 
Rockes hanging over the Sea. The ancient followers of this 
Countrie are these Some few of the Missetts yet remaining, 
but in poor State ; the Magies, . . . M c Carnocks, and the 
Clanalasters, who are by Original Scottish, and all of them 
are most desirous to Live under the Scotch, because they 



Angus M c Connell, Lord of Cantyre. Bruce formed the resolve of reconquer- 

' His ' and ' her ' are used in the Dobbs ing Scotland, and it was at Sir Hugh 

and Betagh MSS.; but Dymmok writes, Bissett's manor of Glenarm, that 

Angus and his, and says, ' by instruc- Edward Bruce landed with the victors 

tions from her Majesty it was divided of Bannockburn. Some of the family 

by Sir John Perrott, between Angus formed a Celtic clan, and took the 

M'Connell, chief of his name, and name of M c Eoin or M c Keon. (Four 

Sourley Buy, his uncle bysides in the Mast. An. 1383-7, and O'Donovan 

land of the Route.' Jutrod. to Tofogr. Poem). 

Margery Bissett married Ian Mdr ' The Magies, O'Nowlanes, Mac- 

MTJonnell, son of the Lord of the Isles. Nygells, MacAroulbyes, MacCarnocks, 

The Bissets were originally de Miset; and the Clanacasters.' Dobbs. 'The 

they soon changed their name to Bissett, MacKayes, the Omulrenies, the Mac y 

and adopted Irish customs. It was in Gilles, the MacAwnleys, the MacCar- 

Bissett's island of Rathlin, that the nocks, and the Clanalsters.' Bagnall. 



COUNTY OF ANTRIM. 



do better defend them, and less spoile them then the Irysh 
doth. p 

THE ROUTE is a pleasant and fertile Country, being between 
the Glynnes and the River of the Bann, and from Clandeboy to 
the Sea ; it was sometime inhabitted with Inglishe, for there 
remayneth yet certain defaced Castles and Monasteries of their 
Buildinge. The Captain that made claime to it is called q [ . . . ] 
the posteritie as is thought of Walsheman ; but Sf James 
M c Surlie wholy expulsed him and drove him to live in Knock- 
fergus, where he remayneth in a very poor Estate. The cheif 
Hous is called Dunluce, standing upon a rock in the Sea Shore, 
where the said Sir James had his residence, r and since his 
decease his Brother Sir Randoll MDonnell has enjoyed it, first 
under pretence of Succession, but now by virtue of the King's 
grant to him and his heyres for ever of both the Rent and 
Glynnes.' The cheife followers and Inhabitants of this Country 
are the O . . .* and O'Guinnes, who dwell upon their Lands 
and yield rent and Service to the foresaid S! Randoll. This 
Countrie was able latelie to make 140 horsemen and 300 Foote- 



men. 

p 'Are lest spent upon, and better 
defended than by the Irish or English.' 
Dymmok. 

" ' M c Guillim.' Bagn. ' MGuillin.' 
Dobbs. ' M c Willi.' Dymmok. It 
was, it appears, a corruption of 
M c Llewellyn. In 1541 the Chief of the 
M c Guillins declared that no captain of 
his race ' ever died in his bed sith the 
first conqueste of their said lande.' 
(Council Book An. 1541). J3agnaftsa.ys: 
' The Scot hath well nere expulsed 
M c Guillin and driven him to a small 
corner near the Bann, which he de- 






fendeth rather by maintenance of Tur- 
loch O'Neil, than by his own forces.' 

' From r to r is not in Dobbs. It is 
strange that Bagnall does not mention 
Dunluce, which a State Paper of 1584 
declared to be an impregnable fortress. 

s ' O'Furries and O'Quins.' Dobbs. 
' O'Harries and O'Guines.' Dymmok. 
' O'Haryes and O'Quins.' Bagnall. 

* Moryson says, the Glynnes and 
Route had 400 f. and 100 h.; but our 
MS. estimates at 450 h. and 156 f., the 
forces they were able to raise. 

C 



t g STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

CRAIGFERGUS" is the onlie Towne in this Shyre upon the 
River, three Miles broad over against the Towne, walled partlie 
with stone, partlie with Soades. There were in it 2 Wardes, 
the one in the Castle in the South end of the Towne, the other 
in the Abbey in the North end thereof; v but the Abbey Warde 
is taken away. v This Towne is governed by a Maior and Two 
Sheriffes, and at this day there is not may freemen of this 

Towne. w 

/ Bellfast, viii Miles by the River from 

CASTLES WARDABLE Craigfergus, where the passage is 
at this day, ) over the River at low water. 

v O . . . x near Lough Eaghe. 
Olderfleete. y 
Defaced. \ Glanarne. 

Castle marten in the Route. 



u In 1599 the Queen had at Carrig- 
fergus 30 h. under Neale MHugh, and 
550 f. under Sir A. Chichester, Sir R. 
Percy, and Captains Lington and 
Norton. Moryson. 

" From v to v is not in Dobbs. 

" At this day there are but 16 free- 
men of this towne. Dobbs. 

1 ' Edenduffee Carrig, near Lough 
Eagh.' Dobbs. 'The Castles Ward- 
able in 1586 are Belfast, Edenduchar 
and Olderfleete; and the castles de- 
faced are these Portmuck in Hand 
Magy, Glanarne, and Redbaye in the 
Glynnes, and Castlemartyn in the 
Route.' Bagnall. 

In 1523 the Earl of Kildare took 
Hugh M c Neil's castle of Belfast, and 



' burnt 24 myle of his country.' This 
Hugh M c Neil kept 1,500 Scots, besides 
his own soldiers. In 1591 Belfast 
castle was almost surrounded by woods, 
' okes and other wood for many miles ' 
(See Notes of the Editor of BagnaWs 
Description of Ulster in Ulst. J. of 
Arch.} 

y On the narrow peninsula called the 
Corran, which projects into the bay of 
Larne, stands this castle, once a place 
of strength. After MDonnell over- 
threw the English under Sir J. 
Chichester in the end of 1597, this 
castle was sold to him by its English 
commander. In announcing this 
treachery to Elizabeth, Ormond calls 
it ' Alderfleet standing upon the north 
seas.' 



COUNTY OF ARMAGH. 19 



THE COUNTY OF ARMAGH. 

This Countie hath to the South the Countie of Louth, the 
blackwater to the North, the River of the Newrie to the East, 
and the Countie of Monaghan to the West. It contayneth all 
the Land between the River of Dundalk and the black water, 
saving a small proportion called Cowley, 3 joining to Carlinford, 
belonging to Louth. In it are those several Countries compre- 
hended. 

Ornaugh, otherwise O'Hanlon's Countrie. 

Clanbrassell, 

Clancane, Mucknoe, Oneylans, 

Clanant, Tirriaugh, Feues. 

Most of these have Several Captens, to whom the Countries 
do appertain, but in time of S r John Perrott were all made 
contributories to the Earle of Tyrone, to whom they were subject 
in the latter times. 

O'HANLON'S COUNTRIE reacheth from the Newrie and from 
Dundalk to Ardmaghe ; it is for the most part without Wood, 
but full of Hills and Boggs. It is able to make 50 Horsemen 
and 250 footemen. b 

a ' Couray.' Dymmok. the poor gentleman hath utterly undone 

b ' Forty h. and 200 f.' Bagnall. himself in wrestling with them ; and his 

'In 1598, in the army of Hugh O'Neil, brother, likewise, an honest, valiant 

there were 80 h. and 200 f. under gentleman, was wounded and maimed 

O'Hanlon, M c Gyniesse, and Bryan in the service, and lost and spent all 

M c Art.' Carew Calendar, p. 287. Sir that ever he had. . . The Countrie 

H. Sydney informed the English go- is large and long, yet is waste, altogether 

vernment that a ' Mr. Chatterton under- without a house, pile, or castle left stand- 

tooke to expulse and subdue the ing in it, but a little sorry fort pitched of 

O'Hanlons ... in troth, my Lords, sods and turves.' Collins, vol. i., 148. 



' '7 



i 

7 - 



2Q STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

CLONBRASSELL is a verie Woody and Boggie Countrie upon 
the great Lough side, called Oaghe or Sidney. It hath in it no 
Horsemen, but able to make 160 Kearnes. 

CLANCANCANE d is a verie strong Countrie, almost all Wood 
and deep Bogg ; it is invironed on one side with the foresaid 
great Loughe, and on the other side with a great Bogg, and two 
deep Rivers, the one called the Black Water, the other the 
little Banne, which both within this Countrie do fall within this 
Lough. In this Countrie are no Horsemen, but about some 
1 50 kearne, c who live for the most part in tyme of peace upon 
Stealth and Robberies. 

CANTAULE f is a pecce of a Countrie, which of right apper- 
taineth to the Arch- Bishop of Ardmagh and his Freeholders, and 
Lieth between Ardmagh and the Blackwater. There is in it now 6 
to the River much underwoode and Loughes, h but the rest lying 
towards Ardmagh is champion and Fertile. 1 The Capten of 
this Countrie was called Turleighe Brasilaghe, who held this 
peece of Land from the Earle of Tyrone, to whom he payed his 
Rents and Service. The said Turloghe and his Sonnes were 
Liable to make 40 Horsemen and 100 Footmen. 

MUCTIONOE and TIRRIAUGIIELIE, J between Ardmaghe and 
M c Mahon's Countries, not Long since appertayning to him, but 
of late possessed by the Earl of Tyrone, who hath placed certen 
of his waged followers, that paid their Rents and Services only 
unto him. 

c M c Cane's country hath 100 f. and s 'nere.' B agnail. 

and I2h. Carat, Calendar, p. 299. " 'boggs.' **//. 
Clanbrassil was M c Cann's country. 

d Called Clancan by Bagnall. ' U P on P^ 6 of this knd is the 

' M'Can in Clancan hath 100 f. and brid S e and fort of Black water built' 

12 h.' Dym mok. Bagnall. 

' Written Clunant supra, but Clanawle j ' Muckno and Tireawh.' Bagnall. 

by Bagnall, and Clanowlo by Dymmok. ' Muckro and Tragh.' Dymmok. 



COUNTY OF ARMAGH. 2 I 

FUES bordereth upon the Inglish Pale, within 3 Miles to 
Dundalke. It is a verie strong Countrie of Wood and Bogg, 
peopled with certen of the O'Neals, accustomed to live much ' * 
upon the Spoiles of the Pale. k The Capten hereof is Sir 
Turloghe MHenrie O'Neall, Brother by the Mother to the now 
Earle of Tyrone, but no way affected to the Earle. For while 
the Earle of Tyrone was a good Subject, he overruled the said 
S r Turloghe with his strength and Authoritie, and thereby kept 
him from annoying the Pale. But afterward, when Tyrone was 
a Rebell, the said S r Turloghe rebelled from his Brother and 
came in to the L. Burrowes, Late L. Deputie, whom he served 
Fathfullie during the Life of the said Deputie, after which he 
was won by fair promises to returne from the Quene to Tyrone, 
with whom, when he had remained a certen tyme, he was com- 
mitted to close Prison in a Castle within a Loughe upon a 
Suspicion of a Second revolt from the Earle to the Quene, 
where he remayneth in cheynes cruelly used for a long time, 
for whose deliverie divers attempts were made, but without 
success. At length he got his liberty by force, and ever since 
hath been a good Subject. He hath this Countrie by Letters 
Patents from his Majestic. This country is able to make about 
Fiftie Horsemen and 200 Footemen. 1 

ONEYLANE is likewise a Woodie land, lyeing between Ard- 
magh and Clanconcane. This Earle of Tyrone hath and 
claimeth it to his inheritance ; he hath placed there some of the 
O' m and , who fostered him, and for the most part 

k All that follows, down to the end of who fostered him.' Bagnall. The 

the chapter on Armagh, is not in the learned Editor of the Bagnall MS. says 

Bagnall MS. that ' Henry O'Hagan was the Earl's sec- 

' In the Fewes Tirlo M c O'Neale retary, and probably his foster-brother.' 

hath 300 f. and 50 h.' Car ew Calendar. But the Col. of Carew MSS. removes 

m ' Some of the Quins and Hagans all doubt regarding O'Neill's fosterers. 



22 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



he dwelleth himself amongst them in a little Hand within a 
small Loughe called Lough Cotos." In this place lay his store of 
Munition, his money and jewels, and whatsoever precious things 
he had, namlie his Wife and Children. 

There be no places of importance in this Countrie, but the 
church of Ardmagh, which was wont to Serve for a Garrison 
place, and a little Fort upon the Blackwater, which the old 
Earle of Essex first Builded on the South side of the River, 
together with a Bridge over the River ; but Tyrone demolished 
the Bridge and raysed the Fort, and builded it on the North 
side of the River to Stopp the Passage of the Foord, which the 
L. Burrowes, late L. Deputie, surprised in July 1597, and 
placed in it a Garrison of 200 Men, who kept the same till 
August 1598, at which tyme, after the overthrowe given the 



Under the year 1594, at p. 87, the Earl 
of Tyrone says : ' The Earl's foster- 
brothers, Captain Richard and Henry 
Hovendon, having the leading of 200 f. 
upon the Earl's charges, overthrew 500 
or 600 Spaniards in Tir-Connell . . 
but neither they nor the Earl had any 
recompense of such service.' Again, 
in the negotiations with Elizabeth's 
commissioners, Jan. isth, 1596, O'Neil 
says he cannot give them full satisfac- 
tion, because his secretary, Henry Ho- 
vendon, was absent, and he could not 
trust another to write for him on such 
matters. Carew Calendar, an. 1596, 
pp. 133 and 136. 

' In a little island called Lough 
Coe.' Bagnall. Island fastnesses in 
inland lakes formed the universal sys- 
tem of defence in the north. Phetti- 



place, a famous pirate, informs the 
Council that John O'Neal the Proud 
' dependeth for fortification on sartin 
freshwater loghes in this country. It 
is thought that there, in the said fortified 
islands, lyeth all his plate, which is 
much, and his money, prisoners, and 
gages. He hath razed the strongest 
castles of his country.' See what Mr. 
Evelyn Shirley says on this subject in 
his admirable work, called Account of 
the Territory of Farney. As Hugh 
trusted his foster-brothers, so, accord- 
ing to Phettiplace, 'Shane's strength 
and safety consists, not in the noblest 
of his men, nor in his kinsmen nor 
brothers, but on his foster-brothers, the 
O'Donnelly's, who are three hundred 
gentlemen.' 



COUNTY OF MONAGHAN. 



Inglyshe at Ardmaghe, it was yielded upon Composition to 
Tyrone, who possesseth the same at this instant. 



THE PRINCIPALL MEN 
of this Country are : 



The Primate of Ardmaghe. 

The Earl of Tyrone. 

O'Hanlons. 

Turloghe Brasilagh. 

Sir Turloghe M c Henrie of the 

Fewes. 

Art M c Barons Sonnes. 
. The Clergie of Armagh. 



THE COUNTIE OF MONAGHAN. 

This Countie was in tymes past called Oriel, given at the 
time of the conquest to one Reinold FitzUrse, or Baresone, 
supposed to be one of the 4 Knights that slew Thomas Beckett. 3 
His offspring are grown mere Irysh, and called M c Mahon, which 
signifyeth in Irish the Sone of a Beer. b He hath under him 
three Captains, all of his own surname, and possesseth the 
Countries of Loughty, Dartire, and Ferny , c which last bordereth 



Art MacBaron had 30 f. and 30 h. 
Dymmok. Cormack M c Baron had 
300 f. and 40 h., and O'Neil had always 
about him 700 f. and 200 h. Carew 
Calendar, p. 299. 

a ' Sanct Thomas of Canterbury.' 
Dymmok. From this extract of Dym- 
mok, and from a blank before Thomas 
in our MS., it appears not unlikely that 
Sanct, or Saint, was in the original. 



b Sir Henry Sydney, Spencer, Dym- 
mok, Campion, and others, laboured 
under this delusion; but Mr. Evelyn 
Shirley gives the pedigree of the 
M c Mahons, and shows them to be pure 
Celts. Marshal Bagnall says nothing 
of the ' Bear's Son.' 

c ' Iriell, Dartry, Loghtie, and Trow.' 
Bagnall. ' Iriel, Bartrey, and Ferney.' 
Dymmok. 



24 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

upon the Countie of Louth, and being a parcell of the Ancient 
Possessions of the Crowne, was given to the Grandfathers of 
this Earle of Essex, the title whereof remayneth in the now 
Earle, his Grandsonne. There is not in this Countie any 
Corporat Towne or place of importance, save 2 or 3 defaced 
Monasteries and the Lp. of Dunamore belonging to the Earle of 

Essex. 

M C MAHON, now Capten hereof, is Sister's Sone to the Earle of 
Tyrone, and was able to make 1 20 Horsemen and 600 Footmen. d 
This Countie bordereth upon the Countie of Louth to East, to 
the Countie of Cavan or Omelies Countrie e to the South and 
South East, to the Lough, called Lougherne, north-west, and 
to the Countie of Ardmaghe to the North. 



THE COUNTIE OF FERMANAGH. 

This Countie, called commonlie M c GwvRES COUNTRIE,* lyeth 
upon both sides of the great Lough called Erne, and Stretcheth 
northward toward O'donnell's Countrie, called Tyrconnell ; it 
hath the Countie of Tyrone to the East, Leytrim to the West, 
and to the South Monaghan and part of the Countie of Cavan. 

d 'In 1599, M c Maghone, Ferry Clan- e Rate, O'Reilly's Countrie. There 

carvell, and Patrick M c Arte Moyle, in is in No. 9 of Ulster Jour, of Arch. 

the co. of Monaghan, have 500 f. and a curious, coloured old map of Clones 

160 h.' Carew Calendar. 'M c Mahon, and Dartrie, showing the 'watch toure' 

with Ferney and Glancarvell, M c Arty (i.e., round tower), the four or five 

Moyle (being a competitor for ye co. of churches, the Cross, ' the chapel,' and 

Monahan'). Dymmok. ' M c Mahowne the Abbey ; and the bogs, woods, and 

in Monaghan, Ever M c Coolye in the mountains all around. 

Ferney, and others of that name in a Conteineth all Farmanaghe, Ter- 

Clankarvil, 500 f. and i6oh.' Moryson. mingraghe, and Tyrmin-Omungan. Bag. 



COUNTY OF TYRONE. 25 

This Countrie for the most part is verie Strong of Wood 
and Bogg, especiallie near the great Lake called Erne, wherein 
is diverse Hands, full of Woods. Buildings in this Countrie are 
none of importance, the chief Hous is Inishkellen, demolished, 
which is Situat in one of the greatest Hands in the Lough. 
The present Capten is named S' Conner roe M c Gwyre, an old 
man . . . was able to make almost of his own Surname 120 
Horsemen and 600 Footemen. b 



THE COUNTIE OF TYRONE. 

THE COUNTIE OF TYRONE contayneth all the Land from the 
Black Water to the Laffer and fyne. a This was the portion 
assigned to Turloghe Lenoghe O'Nealle in the Treatie between 
him and the Earle of Essex, who before had comandemend of 
all Lands Southward to the Inglysh Pale. 

This Countie hath the great Loughe called Eaghe to the 
East, and the Countie of Coleraine to the West, the Countie of 
Ardmagh to the South, and Tyrconnell to the North. The 



\ 



b 'He hath 600 f. and iooh.' Carew 
Calendar. 'He is able to make (and 
most of his owne nation), 80 horsemen, 
240 shot, and 300 kerne.' Bagnall. 
' He is left always to the rule and com- 
mandment of O'Neil, and yet be very 
desirous to depend on the Queen.' 
Bagnall. However, this Maguire, six 
years afterwards, i.e., in 1594, would 
not suffer any man to pass through his 
country, who wore an English hat or 
cloak (S. Paper, 10 Feb. 1594). 'He 



is one of O'Neil's Uraughts ; he hath 
not any of name under him but his 
owne kindred ; he is under the bishop 
of Clohn in the Co. of Tyrone.' 
Dymmok. 

The Uriaghs just mentioned were 
'sub-kings' (Oir-righ) who paid tribute 
to their King, and joined his standard 
in time of war. 

a ' from Blackwater to Liffer.' Bag- 
nall. 



2 6 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

now Earle of Tyrone claiming this Countrie from his Grand- 
father, and growing Strong upon Turloghe Lenaghe, the last 
O'Neall, and wynning his followers from him, lest it should 
burst out into Warr, a composition was made between them by 
Sir John Perrot, L. Deputie, that for the life of the said O'Neale, 
the Earle should paie to him for a portion of Land being almost 
the halfe b of the Countie Southwards, 1000 marks Stir, yearlie, 
which Composition thoghe the Earle did not observe, yet the 
Deputies succeeding wou'd not have the same broken during 
the Life of the said O'Neall, after which the Earle of Tyrone 
became Mf of all, first under the name of Earle of Tyrone, but 
in the entire of his Rebellion perceiving the Iryshrie more to 
affect the name of O'Neall, he caused himself to be chosen 
O'Neall after the ancient manner, thereby disannulling the Act 
of Parliament, which had altogether [abrogated] the name and 
Creation of O'Neall, made when his Grandfather Con O'Neall 
was made Earle of Tyrone. 

The Inhabitants of this Countrie and the chief Gentlemen of 
the O'Nealls d amongst whome were the Sonnes of Shane 
O'Neall, Henrie, Hugh, Con, and Arthur. The Eldest and 

b ' the half thereof and more.' Bag- casion of much mischiefe and disorder; 

nail. th' other that by this division it will 

c which (1000 marks a year) hath weeken the force and greatness of such 

been detayned by the Erie : where as shall succeede, whereby they shall 

throughe it is like that some trouble will not be of power to do the hurt they 

arise betweene them or it be longe. were wont.' Bagnall. 
Turlough desireth from her Ma tie to his 

sonne that portion of Tyrone, wherein ' <first the One y les > who most are 

he dwelleth, and is the remotest parte a11 horsemen > the Clandonnells, all 

from th' English Paleward. The grant- S all g las > the Odoonelles, a very strong 

ing whereof were very expedient ; the se ? t ' and much affected to shane 

one for extinguishing their barborous Oneil ' s sonn es, the Hagans and Quyns.' 

custom of Tanestship, which is th' oc- Ba Snall. 



COUNTY OF TYRONE. 27 

the youngest were Prisoners in the Castle of Dublin, but 
escaped; in which escape Henry wounded himself negligentlie 
[accidently] with a knife as he was slipping down the Cord to 
Escape, and died of the wound ; Con and Arthur are Prisoners 
with the Earle ; Hughe was Hanged by the Earle upon a 
Suspicion that he had intended his death, which was the cause 
of the great hatred between Tyrone and M c Sleyne in Scotland, 
Hugh's Mother being M c Cleynes Father's Sister. In this 
Countie also is O'Neall's Turlogh's Grand Son to the last 
O'Neall. 

This Countie hath not Townes, but divers ruined Castles, as 
Dungannon, the Earles principall Hous, which himself cast 
down to the middest after he had well . . . builded it and 
covered it with Lead, when Sir William Russell, late Lord 
Deputie, approached with the Armie thereto ; Omaghe, New- 
castle, Benburge, e and Strabane, which was the place, where the 
last O'Neall had his Residence, whose Wife being a Scottish 
woman drew great repair of Scottishmen thither insomuch as at 
this present there are above 3 or four Score Scottish Familes 
inhabitting there. This Countie is able to make 450 Horsemen 
and 8oo f Footemen. 



The Odoonells were the O'Donnellies In 1592 'the forces of Tyrone were 

who were foster-brothers of Shane 930 h. and 5,260 f., of which 20 horse 

O'Neil, and who numbered '300 gentle- and 1,000 foot were retained by the 

men of their name' according to the Earl of Tyrone.' (Carew Calendar, p. 

pirate Phettiplace. 73). ' Where the Earle of Tyrone hath 

e called Benburb by Shane O'Neil. rule is the fairest and goodliest countrie 

''300 h. and 1,500 f., but alwaies in Ireland, and many gentlemen of the 

the strength and greatness of the Neyles dwell therein.' (Letter of Lord 

Oneyles stoode chiffest upon bandes of Chancellor Cusack of the %th May 

Scottes, whom they caused their Uri- 1552, quoted by the Editor of BagnalFs 

aughes to victual and paye.' Bagnall. MS.) 



2 8 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

" 

THE COUNTIE OF COLERAINE. 

This Countie beareth this name of the Castle of COLERAINE 
upon the North side of the Banne, and not of the Abbey of 
Coleraine, which is on the other side of the River. It con- 
tayneth all the Land" between the Rivers of Banne and Lough- 
foile along the Sea coast. It hath the Sea to East, Tyrone and 
the Woods of Clanknockkeyne to the West, the Banne to the 
South, and Loughfoile to the North. There is no man of name 
in it, But Sir Donald Ocaen and his Freeholders ; This OCAEN 
is the cheif of O'Neall's Vassalls, b and createth him O'Neall by 
casting a Shoe over his head upon a Hill in Tyrone. 

He is able to make near 200 Horsemen, which are esteemed 
the best Horsemen that O'Neall hath, and 500 Footmen ; c and 
because he Lyeth near Scotland, he was well affected to the 
Scotch and gave them yearlie great relief; he hath 2 strong 
Castles upon Loughfoyle Armagh d and Limevady, and upon 
the Banne, near the Salmond Fishing, 2 Castles the Castle of 
Coleraine somewhat defaced yet Wardable, and Castle Roe 
wherein O'Neall was wont to keep a Ward to receive his part 
of the Fishing. 

a ' all o'Cahan's country.' Bagnall. the Rebellion in Ulster 1596. Carew 

b ' Uraughts.' Dymmok. Calendar. 

In 1590 the Earl of Tyrone re- d 'Anagh.' Bagnall. In 1542 the 

nounced meddling with the 'Uriats;' Lord Dep. and Council wrote to 

but saido'Cane was noneof the 'Uriatts,' Henry VIII. about a proude obstynate 

being an inhabitant within the county Irysheman called O'Cathan. (Printed 

of Tyrone. State Papers, Vol. iii. p. 408). The 

c In 1592 'the forces of Colrane were O'Cahans were descended from 

400 h. and 1,000 f. (Carew Calendar, O'Cathan, grandson of O'Niall of the 

p. 73). 'A garrison should be placed Nine Hostages. They ruled Ciannacta 

at Deny, bordering upon O'Cahan, the from at least the year 1138, and were 

chief strength of horse that the Earl styled in Irish Righ (Kings), or Tigh- 

ha.s.'Mr. Francis Shane, Discourse on earna (Lord), or Taoiseach (Chief). 



COUNTY OF DUNNIGALL. 



THE COUNTIE OF DUNNIGALL. 

This Countie contayneth all Tyrconnell, and is the greatest 
of all the Shyres of Ulster, and contayneth all the Land to the 
River of Fynne northward to the Sea. From the East Sea to 
the County [River] of Earne near the Countie of Sligo, so hath 
it the Sea upon the East and North, the River Fynne to the 
South, and Earne to the West. This Countie contayneth all 
O'DONNELLS and ODOCHERTIES Countrie. [The first year that 
the K. came into England this Country was erected into an 
Earldom, etc.] O'Donnell is Captain and Governor of Tyr- 
connell, the chief strength of whom standeth upon 2 Septs of 
People called O'Gallochies b and M c Swynes who are all 
Galloglasses [That is men armed with Coates of Mayl Steel 
Bonetts, Swords and pole axes]. He is able to make about 
300 Horsemen and so many more Footmen. 



b ' O'Galchoule.-' Carew Calendar. 

' O'Gallochelles.' Bagnall. In 
Dymmok it is O'Chaloganes, and the 
learned Editor surmises, that perhaps 
it is O'Halagan; but the Betagh and 
agnat!MSS. point to theO'Gallaghers, 
'a sept which inhabit the middle of 
Tir-Connell,' says the ' Description of 
Lough Foyle in 1601.' (Published by 
Herbert F. Hore, in No. 18 of Ulster 
J. of Arch.) The O'Galchoule of the 
Carew MSS. is called O 1 Gallchubhar in 
the F. Mast. an. 1586 and 1587. 

" ' 200 h. and 1,300 f.' Bagnall. In 
1592 there were in O'Donn ell's country 
of Tir-connell 310 h. and 2,680 f., of 



whom 80 h. and 500 f. were retained 
by O'Donnell. In 1599 O'Donnell had 
180 h. and 1,250 f., of whom he kept 
round him 60 h. and 200 f. Carew 
Calendar. According to Dymmok he 
had 3,000 f. and 200 h. for his whole 
country. ' His country is large, profit- 
able and good a ship under sail may 
come to four of his houses.' (L. 
Chancellor Cusack in 1552). 

According to Carew MSS. 614, 
O'Donnell was ' the best Lorde of fyshe 
in Ireland, and exchangeth fyshe alwaies 
with foreign merchants for wine; by 
which his call in other countries is 
King of the Fishe? (No. 7 Ulst.J. of 
Arch. p. 148-9). 



30 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Between O'Donnell and O'Neall in tymes past hath been 
continual Warr for the Castle of Liffer and the Lands there- 
abouts, Lying between both their Countries and bordering upon 
Loughfoyle, by which means of their dissention it was kept 
altogether Wast and uninhabitted, until the late Quene took it 
into her hands, and made it a Garrison place, and so remayneth 
unto this day. This controversie was taken away by a double 
Marriage. Tyrone having married O'donnell's Sister, by whom 
he hath divers Sonnes, and O'Donnell having married his 
Daughter, whom many yeares he hath cast off for Barronness. 

O'DOGHERTIES COUNTRIE is a promontory almost environed 
with the Sea, namlie, with Lough Swilly on the South, and 
Loughfoyle on the North. It is Governed by a Capten, called 
Sir Caher O'doghertie, who not being of power able to defend 
himself was forced to contribute both to O'Neall and O'Donnell, 
and by turne to Serve them both. His Country lying upon the 
Sea, and upon the Isles of Ila and Jura in Scotland, was wont 
almost yearlie to be invaded by the Scotch, who tooke the 
Spoyles at their pleasures, whereby O'Doghertie was forced 
always to be at their devotions [He was latelie Killed.] 

He was able of his own Nation, and others his followers, to 
make 80 Horsemen and 300 Footemen. d Buildings in this 
Countrie are the Ordy [Orey] e which is defaced, and Creen 
Castle/ which is also defaced. 

d 60 h. and 300 f. Bagnall. is one of the sept of the O'Gallocars. 

' Dery, which is defaced, and Green- He dwelled in 1600 at the Castle and 

castle, and [ . . . ] which are ward- Church of Fanne. (Lough Foylein 1601 

able.' Bagnall. All that follows by H. J. Hore). 

about Tir-connell is not in the Bagnall ' On the south syde of the country 

MS. at the coming to the Loughe, an ould 

The Derie stood three miles above ruined Castle called Newcastle. Here 

Culmore ; there the Bishop dwelt, who dwells Hugh Boy mack Caire, one of 



COUNTY OF DUNNIGALL. 



This Countie hath some principall Castles belonging to it 
Dunigall, 8 O'Donnell's chief Hous, from whence the Countie 
hath the name ; Ballyshannon, h standing upon the Earne, a 
Strong Hous, by the means whereof O'Donnell passeth the 
River of Earne at his pleasure, and entereth Conaught in a 
manner quietlie, Lyffer and Fynne, 1 he had also Beleeke and 
Bundroose beyond the River of Earne on Conaught side ; 
besides the Abbeys of Dunigall, Asherowe, and Darrie, all 
ruined saving Dunigall, latelie re-edifyed by the Earl of Tyr- 
connell, and Sundrie other small Fryries. J 

The Principal men in this Countie [It is now in the King's 
hands and kept with a Garrison. Defaced. Beleke is now the 
possession of S. H.] are Sir Roger O'donnell, Earle of Tyr- 
connell, The Bishops of Derrie and Rafoe, Hugh Duff 
O'Donnell, k who challengeth a title the whole Countrie. [Hugh 
Oge Roe, Sonne and heyre to the said S! Hugh by the 
Daughter of James M c Connell. Defaced. Sf H ugh, Chief of 
his name, who hath resigned his place to his Sone and betaken 



the O'Doghertie sept ; It is called also 
Greencastle, but in Irish Caislean nua, 
i.e., the new Castle. Hore. 

f Here is a good haven, and the 
river Esk falls into it, also an Abbey 
and a Castle. Three miles above it is 
Lough Eske, O'Donnell's chief keeping 
and chief store-house for the warr. 
Hore. 

" 'Where dwells M c O'Dongonrye.' 
Hore. 

O'Donnell dwelt at Liffer, and Cul 
MacTryne; and Neal Garve, at Castle 
Fene ; Shane M'Manus Oge, at the fort 



of Dunboye ; O'Donnell's mother at the 
forts of M c Gwyvelin and Cargan. 

J The Fryars dwell in the abbayes of 
Kil O'Donnell, of Ballaghan, of Asheroe, 
and of Donegall. Bishop O'Gallogher's 
houses were the Deny, the Castle and 
Church of Fanne ; and at the Castle of 
Kilmerrish at the lower end of O'Boyle's 
country lived the Bishop of O 'Boyle. 
At a Castle and Church called Clon- 
meny lives a priest called Amerson. 
(Condensed from Mr. Hare's Lough 
Foyle in 1601). 

k Hugh M c Hugh Duffe, I presume, 
who lived in the Castle of ' Ramaltan,' 
which stands upon the Lanan. 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



himself to the Monasterie.] Hugh M'Connell, 1 adopted, who is 
also a Competitor for the Capitencie, and was many years 
accompted the Sonne of Dronisk O'Gallochie. 

The 2 Sonnes of Con O'Donnell. 

S ir Caher O'Doghertie," 1 Knight, Capten of his Countrie. 

Sir Owen O'Gallochie." 

MSwyne Baine. 

M c Swyne faine. p 

M c Swyne a Doagh." 



"x^. 

o, ^Quaere, was he the ' Seneschal 
' M c Gonell who dwelt at the haven of 
Calboy?' (See Hore). 

m Of this name, the Chief, Sir Cahir, 
"lived at Don-yrish fort, at the Castle of 
Elloghe (Oileach\ and at the Castle of 
Birt he had a ward of 40 men ; Hugh 
Boy M c Caire at Greencastle, and his 
brother Shane M c Duffe at Moville; 



. Phelimy Og, the chief's brother, at the 
fort of Culmore. In the island of 
Ench lives Doultach O'Dogherty; 
Conor M c Garret O'D. at Buncrana 
Castle ; Phelim Brasleigh O'D. at Car- 
rigbraghey Castle; Phelim Brasleigh 's 
two sonnes at the Castle of Caslan- 
Stoke, and the fort of Don-Owen; 
M c Shane O'Doghertie at Caldanylie. 

This country is called Inishowen; 
the midland country is mostly moun- 
tainous, and hath few inhabitants. 
Also in this country Hugh Carrogh 
M c Loughlin, chief of his sept, dwells in 
the Castle of Caire MacEwlyn, and 
Brien Og M c Loughlin at the Castle of 
Garnegall. (Condensed and arranged 
from the Description of Lough foyle, 
edited by Hore). 



n Donel Gallocar, one of O'Donnell's 
chief councillors, lives at the fort of 
Ballakit. The O'Galloghers lived in 
the Baronies of Raphoe and Tirhugh, 
had a Castle at Ballyshannon, were the 
Constables of the Castle of Lifford and 
commanders of O'Donnell's cavalry. 
Perhaps ' M c O'Dongonry who dwells 
in Ballashannon,' mentioned in Mr. 
Hare's MS., is a mistake for O'Gallo- 
gher. 

dwells at M c Swyn O'Bane's Tower; 
Hugh Boy M c Swyne (O'Bane's brother) 
at the Castle of Bromoyle. 

p At the castle and abbey of Ramel- 
lan is M c Swyn O'Fane's chief country 
House ; Menrice (near Red Haven) is 
also a castle of M'Swyn O'Fanets. 
Red Haven (where dwells Alexander 
M c Donologe) separates the countries 
of M'Swyne O'Fane's and M c Swyn 
O'Doe's. 

q of the castle of Conogarhen. 
'O'Boyle's chief house is O'Boyle, 
where the ships used to ride.' (The notes 
in this column are taken from Hare's 
Lough Foyle). 

Our MS. does not state the forces 




COUNTY OF DUNNIGALL. 33 

All Ulster" is now joined together in Rebellion against the 
Quene, saving the Countie of Louth, a little piece of land about 
the Newrie and the Towne of Craigfergus ; all the Captens of 
Countries are bound to the Earle of Tyrone, either by Affinitie 
or Consanguinitie or duetie ; for O'Donnell is his Brother-in-law, 
his first Wife being O'Donnell's Sister, MGwyre is his Coosen 
Germane, for the Earl's mother was this MGwyres Father's 
Sister ; Ocaen is his Coosen Germane, for his Father's Sister 
was Ocaen's mother ; further, Ocaen is his chief Vassell, and of 
late he hath married this Earle's Daughter, whom O'Donnell 
hath divorced from him ; MMahon is his near Kinsman ; 
M c Gynnes is his Brother-in-law, for his present Lady is 
MGynnes's Sister. 

Tyrone is a man valiant, Temperate and wise, well brought 
up, partlie in the Court of Ingl., and a Speciall actor in all the 
Warrs of Ireland these xxx years, whereby he is become a man 
of great expereance, to which parts some ambition is joyned. He 
is now become impotent to contayne himself within his bounds ; 
but Seeketh to Usurpe the whole province. 

His forces, when the Countrie is as hath been said, 5,800 
Footemen and 1,870 Horsemen, To whom many ill disposed 
persons from all parts of the Land hath conjoyned themselves, 

of O'Donnell's sub-chiefs or Oir-righ, so wild, as never conquered nor quiet ; 

viz., 'The Donnelagh's country, be- whollyinrebellionexceptsomescores(?), 

twixt the river Fynn and Lough Swilly, the climate unwholesome ; the passages 

possessed by Con O'Donnell's sons and so difficult as that my Lord Burgh . 

M c Hugh Duff, hath 150 f. and 30 h. ; The General Norreys never could look 

M c Swyne's cuntry, M c Swine de Band, over the water. Good soldiers well 

M'Swyne de Fand, and MacSwyne de armed and in blood. The Scottish 

Doe, hath 500 f. and 30 h. O'Boyle's islands, which yield men and provisions, 

country reached to Calebegge, hath Clyfford betrayed; Bingham lightly 

100 f. and 20 horse.' SeeCarew Calen. condemned.' Memorial for Ireland, 

' ' Ulster. A country so strong and written in Cectfs hand, Nov. 4, 1598. 

E 






34 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



besides a certen number of Scots whom he entertayneth upon 
the Bonnaghts of the Countrie, whereby his Forces will extend 
to the number of about One [Ten] thousand. 5 



s The /;;//</ Mails Q^ such horse and 
foote as the Erie of Tyrone hath very 
lately plotted to be cessed and waged 
by the several Captaynes and Lords of 
Cuntries in ye Province of Ulster is 
foote 8430, horse 1130 ; in all 9560. 
Dymmok, p. 30. 'In 1600 the main 
strength of the chieftains of Ulster 
was 9000 f. and 800 h.' Carew Calen- 
dar, p. 405. In 1598 Capt. Francis 
Stafford gave ' The List of the Horse 
and Foot of Ulster under the Earl's 
command in 1598.' Cormac M c Baron 
of Carrick-Teague, 60 h. 200 f. ; Art 
M'Baronin O'Neale's land, 30 h. 80 f. ; 
Henry M c Shane of the Tynan, 30 h. 
So f. ; Phelimy O'N. of Dunavall, 10 h. 
40 f. ; Con MTerlagh of the Tynan, 
10 h. 40 f. ; Con M c Henry, between 
Tynan and Clougharde, 1 2 h. 40 f. ; Sir 
Art O'N. of the Onye, 30 h. 50 f. ; Tir- 
logh M c Henry, 50 h. TOO f. ; Cormac 
O'N. of Lenough, 10 h. 30 f. ; Con 
O'N., 5 h. 20 f.; John O'N. of Carrick- 
Teall, 20 h. 50 f. ; Shane M c Bryan O'N. 
and Neal M c Hugh O'N. (Lords of the 
Lower Clonduboyes). Neal M c Bryan 
Erto O'N. and Owen MacHugh O'N. 
(Lords of Upper Clanduboy), and 
M'Sowrlie of the Rowte, 60 h. 200 f. ; 
' Tyrone 60 h. for himself and his men, 
200 f. under Nugent and Tirrell, and 
100 naked Scots with bows ' = 60 h. 
300 f. ; Neal O'Guin of Curran, 10 h. 
3 f- ; Oge Guin, 20 h. 30 f. ; John 
M'Donnell Grome of Bunburbe, 8 h. 
40 f. ; Edmund Gynelagh of Knock-la- 



Glynche, 6 h. 30 f. ; Bryan Carrough 
M c Donnell, 30 h. 60 f. ; O'Mallow 
(Mallon ? Ed.) of Ellis Flynn, 6 h. 20 f. ; 
O'Hagan, i6h. 40 f. ; Cormac O'Hagan, 
ich. 20 f. ; O'Cane, 60 h. 60 f. ; O'Han- 
lon, M c Genyese, and Brian M c Art, 80 h. 
200 f. ; Maguyre, 50 h. 200 f. ; The 
M c Mahounds together, 100 h. 300 f. ; 
O'Donnell, O'Doherty, and Tirconnell, 
140 h. 1000 f. Total =1043 h. and 
3540 foot. Carew Calendar, p. 287. 

In April 1599, the Ulster forces con- 
sisted of 1470 h. and 6180 f. The 
mustering of O'Donnell's forces in that 
year is thus quaintly chronicled in the 
Irish Annals : ' First of all assembled 
the Kinel-Connel, among whom were 
Hugh Oge (the son of Hugh Duv, son 
of Hugh Roe, son of Niall Garv 
O'Donnell) ; and Niall Garv (the son 
of Con, son of Calvach, son of Manus, 
son of Hugh Duv) ; O'Dogherty (John 
Oge, the son of Felim, son of Conor 
Carragh) ; O'Boyle (Teig Oge, the son 
of Teig, son of Torlogh, son of Niall) ; 
MacSuiny Fanad (Donnal, the son of 
Torlogh, son of Mulmurry) ; MacSuiny 
Banach (Donogh, the son of Mulmurry 
Meirgeach, son of Mulmurry, son of 
Niall) : all these with their forces. To 
the same rendezvous came Maguire 
(Hugh, the son of Cuconnacht, son of 
Cuconnacht, son of Cuconnacht, son 
of Brian, son of Philip, son of Thomas) ; 
the son of O'Rourk ; and the Mac Wil- 
liam.' 



LEINSTER. 

CONTAYNETH that portion of Land which was conquered by the 
Inglysh, including the Counties of Dublin, Kildare, Catherlaghe, 
Wexford, Kilkenny, King's and Quene's countie, and latelie one 
other Countie taken out of the Counties of Dublin and Wexford, 
called by the name of Wickloe." 



DUBLIN. 

DUBLIN contayneth all the Land from Baleratherie, nere the 
Countie of Meath, to Bray, which is the Length of the Shyre, 
and includeth all the Land between the Naas and Dublin, which 



a ' The Irish Septs planted in Leinster 
are, according to Sir H. Sydney's Col- 
lections, the Byrnes, Tooles, Cavanaghes 
(which is the nation of the Macmur- 
row), Omores, O'Connores, Odempsyes, 
Odun.' ' The Irish coursed the English 
into a narrow circuite of certaine shires 
in Leinster, which the English did choose 
as the fattest soyle, most defensible, 
their proper right, and most open to 
receive help from England. Hereupon 
it was termed their pale, as whereout 
they durst not peepe. But now both 
within this pale, uncivill Irish and some 
rebells doe dwell, and without it Coun- 
treyes and cities English are well go- 
verned.' Campion, p. 2 & 4. Ed. 1633. 



' Leinster includeth all that ground 
from Dublin southwarde to the river 
Suyre, and the Cytty of Waterforde, which 
parteth it from Munster. The river of 
Shenin in MacCouglian's country de- 
videth the west parte fromConnaght and 
Meath ; northwarde yt endeth with the 
barony of Balrothry and theryver Boyne, 
and on the east side it is bounded by 
the sea. They have gone about of late 
to add two other shires, the counties of 
Wicklo and Femes ; but because these 
two shires are unperfett, not having suf- 
ficient freeholders and gentlemen to 
choose Shriffes and other principal 
officers, or to make a jury for the Queen, 
they may be well omitted.' Dymmok. 



^6 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

is the bredth thereof. In it is comprehended the Kings' 5 and 
the mountains, some of the O'Burnes and O'Tooles, and the 
crosse of the Countie of Dublin, being the Libertie of the Arch- 
bishop, also his Hands in the Sea, as Lambay, Ireland's Eye, 
and Dalkey. So hath it the Sea to the East part, the Counties 
of Meath and Kildare to the West, the Counties of Caterlaghe 
and Wicklow to the South, and the Countie of Meath to the 
North. 

In it are Townes, viz. 

The CITTY OF DUBLIN, the seat of the Government, the See 
of the Archbishop Walled with a Barred Haven. 
Dumboyne 
Swords A 

Luske ( market Townes unwalled and without priviledges. 
Ratoth j 



' The whole number of the Rebels in 
this Province of Leinster was 3048 foot 
and 182 horse.' Moryson. 

'Strangers within Leinster. With 

Pheagh M c Hugh's sonnes are ye 

Clamoles with 80 f. ; with Murrogh 

M c Edmunds' sons, 30 Scotts under 

Donogh Ganco ; of Ulstermen under 

Con the bastard Soofoote.' Dymmok. 

' The Fastnesses of wood and bogge 

in Leinster are Glandilore, a fastness in 

Pheagh M c Hugh's cuntry. Shilogh 

in the co. of Dublin. The Duffrin in 

the co. of Wexford. The Dromes and 

Leverough in the co. of Catherloghe. 

The great bogge in the King's Co. 

called the Tougher. The Fewes in 

the co. of Kildare. The woodes and 

bogges of Monasterevan, Gallin, and 



Slymarge in the Queen's Co. The 
Roure near S' Mollines. Part of Con- 
steragh, joining upon Kilkenny.' 
Dymmok, 26. 

b The King's lands and the moun- 
tains of the O'Byrnes, O'Tooles and 
Banilagh, called Pheagh MacHugh's 
cuntry, also Shilo and Ferderrogh and 
the crosse of the country.' Dymmok. 

c ' Dyvelin, the beauty and eye of 
Ireland, fast by a goodly river. The 
seat hereof is in many respects comfort- 
able, but less frequented of marchant 
strangers because of the bard haven. 
Its Mayorality,both for state and charge 
of that office, and for the bountifull 
hospitality exceedeth any Citty in Eng- 
land, except London.' Campion, p. 2 
and 96. 



DUBLIN. 



37 



The names of the best Villages in this County. 

Balerotherie Clondalkin Kilshaughlin 

Hoth Brey Finglass 

Newcastle Fieldstowne Ballimore 
Kingsland 

Principal Castles in this Counlie are these 

Swords \ both bdo . to the Archbishop O f Dublin. 

Tallowghe ) 

Rathfernen [Built by S r Adam Loftus] 



Dromconren 

Monckton 

Newcastle 

Merron 

Turvey 

Donamore 

Holme Patrick 



Castle Knock 

Dunshughlin 

Dromnaghe 

Balgriffen 

Lucan 

Luttrelstone 

The Ward 



Donibroke 
Malahide 
Belgard 
Hoth 



Men of name in 

The Arch Bishop of Dublin 
his Deane and clergie 

L. of Hoth his name St. Law- 
rence [alias Tristram] 

S r Henrie Harrington 

Preston of Balmadon 

Sir Garot Elmer" 1 

Preston of Tassagard 

d Garret Aylmer at Munkton; Talbot 
of Faghsaghere ; Couran of Wyartstone, 
Goran of Curragh. Only sixty names 
are given in the Perambulation of the 
Pale in 1596 ; there are ninety-eight in 



this Countie are 
S r Will m Sarsfield, Kn<- 

his hous is Lucan 
Allen of S< Wolstans 
Allen of Palmerston 
Talbott of Balgard 
Talbot of Templeoge 
Talbot of Fash d 
Talbot of Kilmarocke 

our manuscript, to which we will add 
the following from the Perambulation 
of the Pale : Ashpoole of Kenleston, 
John Bath of Balgriffin, Richard Net- 
terville of Corballies, Philip Couran of 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Barnwall of Dromnaghe 

Walshe of Shaunogherghe 
[Shanganagh] 

Fitzwilliams of Merrion 

Fitzwilliams of Jobston 

S r William Usher of Dona- 
broke 

Phelim O'Toole of Powers- 
toune 

Walshe of Kilbegan 

Walshe of Carrickmayne 

Harold of the Grange 

Archbold of Kellister 

Archbold of Bray 

Bath of Dromconraghe 

Burnell of Castle Knock 

Hollywood of Tartayne 

Nugent of Kilmore 

Golding of the Grange 

Hackett of Sutton 

Talbot of Malahide 

Russell of Seaton 

Fitzsimons of Swords 

Wyartown, Goran of Curragh, Sedgrave 
of W. . . . , Golding of Tobbirsowle, 
Pagan of Feltrim, Bath of Balgriffin, 
Bellew of Weston, Belling of Kilcoskan, 
Brown of Kissak, Fagan of Feltrim, 
Cardiff of Dunsink, Dillon of Hunts- 
town, FitzGerot of Damaston, Fitz- 
william of Holmpatrick, King of Clon- 
tarf, Pypho of Hollywood, Plunket of 
the Grange, Russell of Dryneham, 



Tailor of Swords 
Caddell of Moreton 
Caddell of Caddelston 
Stokes of Knockyngen 
Wycam of Drynan 
Blackney of Riknhore 
Sinothe of Sinot court 
Foster of Killerghe 
S r Chris r Plunket Knt of Dun- 

shoghley 

Dealing of Bealingston 
Jordan of d 

S r Patrick Barnewall of Turvey 
Barnewall of Broymore 
Stanihurst of Carduff 
Cruis of the Naale 
Conran of d 
Beg of Borranston 
Sedgrave of Killeglan 
Barnwall of Dunbroe 
Scurlock of Rathcredon 
Hamlen of Smitheston 
Field of Carduff 

Walshe of Killegarge, Walshe of 
Ballawlie, Walshe of Kilgobbon, War- 
ren of Drumconrath, and Peter Travers 
of Ballykey. Doubtless Beg of Bor- 
anstown, Scurlock of Rathcredon, and 
Finglas of Tippersold are the same 
as Bigg of Borarstown, Scurlock of 
Rathcredant, and Finglas of Tobber- 
ton given in the Carew Calendar, p. 
1 88. 



DUBLIN. 



39 



Luttrell of Luttrelstone 
Whyte of S< Kathrens 
Eustace of Confy 
Dillon of Keppoch 
Taylor of Feltrim 
Finglas of Wespelston 
Finglas of Tippersole 
Goodman of Laughanston 
Delahide of Loughfenny 
Bath of Carrendeston 
Bath of Beccanston 
Sarkey of the Hintch 
Barnwall of Laspelston 
Bath of the new 1. 
Tallen of Weston 6 
Bedlow of Reynoldston 
Hewitt of Gareston 
Young of Gareston 
Plunket of Brownston 
Sedgrave of Borranston 
Chamberlon of Kilresk 
Clinshe of Newcastle 



Reynold of Newcastle 
Russell of Newcastle 
Linche of 
Mason of 
Taylor of Ballown 
Den of Tassagard 
Fount of Tassagard 
Lock of Colmanston 
Tappock of Colmanston 
Fitzsimons of Balmadroght 
Protford of Protfordeston 
Tyrrell of Powerston 
Byrne of Ballyeane 
Mangen of Loughton 
Dungan of Loughton 
Pierce of Cromelin 
Caddell of Harbardstone 
Fitzsimons of the Grange 
Newtervile of Kilsoghlie 
Ulverston of Stalorgan 
and many meane freeholders 



Of this Countie of Dublin there is some in this action of 
Rebellion. The Countrie commonlie called by the late Capten 
thereof Fewghe M c Hugh his contrie is full of Woods and Hills 
that it administereth a mervalous Succour to the Rebells that 
lie therein, for there they lie safelie in a manner, and the Cattle 
having pasture in abondance can hardlie be driven away there 
being so few Entries and Outgates into the Countrie. In this 



e First written Callen, and then the C was changed to T. 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



the Rebells remaynes commonlie all day, and in the beginning 
of the Night they come abroad and wast the Countries farr and 
nere, and the Vicinitie of this Countrie to Dublin doth much 
annoy the Cittie/ for it being within four or Five Miles of the 
Cittie, the Cittie is constreyned to keep strong watch least on a 
sudden these Rebells that Lurke in these Mountains do set the 
Suburbs on Fire which hath heretofore been done by them in 
the Goverment of the late L. Grey. The now head Capten of 
this Countrie is called PHELIM M c FEWGHE g who is able to make 
some 300 or 400 Footmen but no Horsemen. He is confederat 



f Campion thus quaintly speaks of 
the Dublin mountaineers : 'While the 
Deputy staggered uncertain of continu- 
ance, the Tooles and the Cavanaghes 
waxed cockish in the Countie of 
Divelin, ranging in flocks of seven or 
eight score, on whom set forth the 
Marshal and the Sheriffes of Divelin, 
Buckley and Gygen, with the cities 
helpe, and overlaid them in sudden 
skirmishes, of which three score were 
executed for example.' Campion's 
Historic, p. 124. Ed. of 1633. 

g ' Those that dwell even within the 
sight of the smoke of Dublin are not 
subject to the laws. The very gall of 
Ireland, and the flame from which all 
others take their lights is our next 
neighbour Pheaghe M c Hugh, who, like 
one absolute within himself, with his 
den of thieves, ruleth all things in his 
own country at his own will, refusing 
in person to come to the Governor, 
and spoiling his neighbours, who for 
fear dare not complain. His force does 
not exceed one hundred persons. His 



neighbours would help to cut him off. 
The Cavanaghs, who rely upon him, 
are entered into the like kind of life.' 
Sir G. Carew to Mr. Vice-Chamberlain, 
Nov. 1590, Carew Calendar. 

Fewghe or Fiach, though not the 
chief of the O'Byrnes, was the most 
warlike and powerful man of his name 
since the death of Dunlang, who was 
the last inaugurated O' Byrne. He was 
chief of that sept of the O'Byrnes 
called Gaval-Rannall, and lived in Glen- 
malure. His battles and victories are 
recorded in several poems of the Leab- 
har Branach, or Book of the O'Byrnes. 
The jealousy of the senior branches of 
the O'Byrnes led to his betrayal and 
death. Fiach left three sons, viz : 
Felim who was M.P. for Wicklow in 
1613; Raymund and Torlogh ; also a 
daughter, who was m. to Walter Reagh 
FitzGerald. His eldest son, Felim, had 
eight sons and a daughter, of whom the 
eldest, Brian, had a son Shane M c Brian 
M c Felim of Ballinacor, who was a 
Colonel of the Confederate army in 






DUBLIN. 41 

with Tyrone and comonlie doth most mischief when the companies 
withdrawes from Dublin ether against Tyrone or the Omoores, 
then do they besturr themselves burning, Spoiling, and praying 
thereby Seeking either to draw back the Forces from any pro- 
secution, or else to divide the Forces and so to weaken them 
that they may either be the more easiliee overthrown or be com- 



1641, in which also Hugh, a grandson 
of Fiach, was a lieutenant-colonel. 
After the year 1641 the family of 
Ballinacor disappears from history. 
See O' Donovan's Notes to Four Masters, 
an. 1597. 

'Fiach M c Hugh continually troubleth 
the State, though he lyeth under their 
nose ; plays the Rex, gives heart and 
succour and refuge to all against her 
Majesty. Through his boldness and 
late good success the rebels Byrnes 
and Tooles threaten perill even to 
Dublin over whose necke they contin- 
ually hang. He is a most dangerous 
enemy to deal withall. Through his 
own hardinesse lifted himself to such a 
height, that he dare now front Princes 
and make tearmes with great potentates. 
. . . Athousand men should be laid in six 
garrisons in order to reduce him 200 
f. and 50 h. at Ballinacor to shut him 
out of his great glynne ; at Knocke- 
lough, 200 f. and 50 h. to answer the 
co. of Catherlagh ; at Arclo or Wicklow 
200 f. and 50 h. to defend all on the 
Sea side ; in Shilelagh 100 f. to cut him 
off from the Kavanagh's and Wexford 
about the Three Castles 50 h. which 
should defend the co. of Dublin ; at 
Talbotstown 100 f. to keep him from 



breaking out into Kildare and to be 
always on his necke on that side. 
These garrisons will so busie him that 
he shall never rest at home nor stir 
abroad but he shall be had ; as for his 
Creete they cannot be above ground 
and must fall into our hands. By good 
espialls, whereof there they cannot want 
store, they shall be drawn continually 
upon him ; so as one of them shall be 
still upon him, and sometimes all at 
once, bayting him unto the eternall 
quietness of that Realme.' Abridged 
from Spencer's View, p. Si. Ed. 1633. 

The Four Masters thus record his 
death : ' Fiach, son of Hugh, son of 
John from Glenmalure was slain in the 
first month of Summer in this year, 
having been treacherously betrayed by 
his relation at the bidding of the Chief 
Justiciary of Ireland, Sir W. Russel.' 

Carew called him ' the firebrand, 
the gall of Ireland, the ancient traitor 
of Leinster.' In 1596 Elizabeth made 
offers, ' honorable for herself and not 
over hard for Fiach:' ist, 'Pardon 
for himself, his wife, sons and followers ; 
and restoration to his house and livings 
by letters patent, yielding some ser- 
vice. If he insists on getting back Bal- 
linacor and will not be reduced without 



42 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 



pelled more warlie to prosecute the Rebells. All the Gents 
betwixt Dublin and these mountains do daylie susteyn great 
losse in their Goods, and sometimes lose their Lives. h There is 
joyned with this Phelim some few of the Walshes, and some of 
the O'Tooles:- 



it, let him have it, and hold it of the 
Queen, who is at great charges to keep 
it. 2nd, He must promise to banish 
all strangers,' etc. 

h The joy of these gentlemen of Dub- 
lin at Fiach's death appears from the 
following entries in the Lord Deputy's 
Journal : ' May 8, Sunday. Early in 
the morning our foot entered the 
Glynnes, and fell into that quarter, 
where Fiach lay ; and coming several 
ways on him, it pleased God to deliver 
him into our hands, being so hardly 
followed, as that he was run out of 
breath, and forced to take a cave, 
where one Milborne, sergeant to Cap- 
tain Lea, first lighted on him, and the 
fury of our soldiers was so great as he 
could not be brought away alive ; there- 
upon the said sergeant cut off Fiach's 
head with his own sword, and presented 
his head to my Lord, which with his 
carcass was brought to Dublin to the 
great comfort and joy of all that pro- 
vince. Many of his followers were 
slain and 200 cows were taken with 
much pillage, which was divided among 
the soldiers. My Lord returned to 
Rathdrome, and there before the fort 
Knighted Sir Calistinas Brooke, Sir 
Thomas Maria Wingfield, and Sir 
Richard Trevers. gth of May. My 
Lord rode to Dublin. All the way the 



people of the country met him with 
great joy and gladness, and as their 
manner is, bestowed many blessings on 
him for performing so good a deed and 
delivering them from their long oppres- 
sions. The Council, divers noblemen, 
and the citizens of Dublin with many 
others met his lordship, and he was 
welcomed with universal joy.' 

O'Sullivan Beare says that he was 
betrayed by some one in whom he had 
the greatest confidence, 'quodam, quern 
fidissimum habebat, prodente et hastes 
ducente! Dr. O'Donovan thought it 
was Cahir M c Hugh Duffe; perhaps it 
was Hugh Duffe himself who figures 
in Russell's Journal as ' being out on 
service,' and as ' certifying that he had 
taken certain of the traitors' heads.' 

Russell's Journal tells us that Fiach's 
wife, Rosa O'Toole was found guilty of 
treason and ' sentenced to be burned.' 
A constant entry in this Journal is, 
' Heads of so many of Fiach's followers 
brought in.' If followers meant hus- 
bandmen, or old men or women of his 
clan, the journal is black indeed. On 
the gth of March 1597, 'my Lord 
pledges his word to Ormond that he 
will pardon Garret M c Murtagh if he cut 
off 20 heads of rebel kernes.' 

' However, on St. Patrick's Eve 
1597, Phelim O'Toole brought in one 



DUBLIN. 



43 



This Countie of Dublin is verie fruitfull, and yealdeth great 
plentie of all kind of cornes ; but if the Rebells fear prosecution, 
they burn the Corn that the Subject may not have means to 



head to the Deputy and made a prisoner 
of one of Fiach's followers. In 1595 
Sir H. Harrington ' complained of 
Capt. Lea about the murdering of one 
of the O'Tooles, protected by Council.' 
Old Sir Owen O'Toole, Knight, though 
the Lord Deputy pledged his word he 
should not be molested, was imprisoned 
for six years, from the hardships of 
which he died. (See Carew Calendar. 
pp. 89, 153). Felim O'Toole of Teara- 
Cualann lived at Powerscourt ; he and 
Brian O'Toole forfeited their territory 
of ' Fercuolen,' which was five miles in 
length and four in breadth. O'Toole 
of Castlekevin, was Fiach O'Byrne's 
brother-in-law. His son Fiach, was 
deprived of his property by James I. ; 
in 1641 he was a Colonel in the Con- 
federate Army in which two of his sons 
held commissions as Lieut.-Colonel and 
Major. 

The Wexford O'Tooles are the most 
respectable representatives of the name. 

According to the Carew Calendar 
the O'Tohills, O'Bernes, the Galli- 
glasses with other Irish septs had 500 
men whereof 200 were horse. Moryson 
is more explicit, and perhaps more 
accurate. He says : ' The Mountainers 
,* of Dublin have 480 h. and 20 f. They 
are Felim MFeagh, and his brother 
Redmond with their sept of the 
O'Byrnes, and Phelim M c Feagh with 
his sept of the O'Tooles, and Walter 



M c Edward, chiefe of the gallowglasses, 
with his sept of the M c Donnells. Only 
two castles, Newcastle and Wickloe, 
Sir H. Harrington held for the Queen, 
and all the rest of the countrie contin- 
ued loyal.' Moryson, p. 31. 

Essex tells us that near this castle of 
Wickloe Harrington 'was overthrown 
in 1599, and our troops, having advan- 
tage of number and no disadvantage of 
ground were put in rout and many cut 
to pieces without striking a blow. I 
called a martial court upon the captains 
and officers. Walshe, lieutenant to 
Captain Loftus, was executed ; the 
other captains and officers were all 
cashiered and imprisoned ; the soldiers 
were all condemned to die ; but were 
pardoned, and only every tenth man 
was executed. Sir H. Harrington, be- 
cause he is a privy councillor in this 
Kingdom, I forbear to bring to trial till 
I know her Majesty's pleasure.' Essex 
to Privy Council, July n, 1599. 

At Dublin Sir H. Foulkes commands 
the L. Lieutenant's guard of 200 f. 
In Fingall and the Navan 300 horse 
under Sir W. Evers, Sir H. Davers and 
J. Jephson; in the co. of Dublin 60 
h. under Sir H. Harrington, Sir E. Her- 
bert, Sir Gerald Aylemer, and Murrogh 
M'Teig Oge ; Sir J" Talbot has 22 f. 
undisposed; Sir Wil. Warren has 50 
horse and 100 f. at Newcastle. Mory- 
son, p. 43. 



44 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

relieve the Soldiers in the tyme either of prosecution or cessation, 
whereupon ensueth extream miserie either to the Countrie man 
Souldier, or both; for the Souldiers being for the most Part dis- 
ordered and verie Licentious, will violentlie draw from the poor 
Husbandman that which shou'd sustain himself and his Familie, 
and so doth dailie drive him to begg, or if the Souldier be res- 
treyned which seldom falleth out, he perisheth for want of Food, 
of both which these last years hath given infinit Examples, and 
it is to be feared that if the Cornes be burnt up this Winter that 
there will be little Sowing of Summer Corn this year, and con- 
sequentlie a dearth and plague, which comonlie followeth dearth, 
the next year. 



THE COUNTIE OF KILDARE. 

This Countie hath Dublin to the East, Catherlogh to the 
South, the Kings and Quenes Counties to the West, and Meath 
to the North. It reacheth no where the Sea ; in it are no 
Townes of importance, saving Castledermott and Athie, which 
hath been walled but now ruined, and the Townes of Kildare, 
Kilcullen, Naas, Leslip, and Maynooth, the principall fors of the 
Earles of Kildare with other Scattered Villages. 3 It hath many 
Fayre Castles and Houses. 

The Castle of Kildare, > . - , ,.. 

r+ ** f+r i } the Earles of Kildare, 

Castle of Maynooth, j 

S'- Wolstans, a Hous belonging to M r - Allen, 
The Castle of Leslip belonging to M r - Whyte, 

' Divers proper villages lie scattered about the cuntrie,' says Dymmok, who 
dispatches the county of Kildare in four lines. 



COUNTIE OF KILDARE. 



45 



S'- Kathrens a Hous belonging to him, also 

Lecagh a Castle belonging to one of the Geraldines, 

Kilkea a Hous of the Earles of Kildare, 

Woodstock a Castle of the Earle of Kildares, 

Castle martin belonging to M r ' Eustace, 

Carberie belonging to one Coolie, 

Domfert to one b .... Reban belonging to Henrie Lee, 

Mottinsey, 

Monasterevan or the pleasant Abbey, belonging to the L. 
Cromwells, 

Baltinglass belonging to S n Henry Harrington, sometyme 
the chief Hous of the Viscount Baltinglass, 8 

Rathangan a Castle of the Earle of Kildares, latelie raysed 
by the Rebells, 

Rathcoffy, c 

Tipper a hous belonging to one Sutton, 

Osberts Toune belonging to one FitzGerrald. 



b To one Bremingham. See infra. 
In the church of Dunfierth near Enfield, 
there is, or was not long ago, a sepul- 
chral effigy carved in high relief, re- 
presenting a knight in complete plate 
armour; round the neck was suspended 
by a chain a large crucifix according to 
tradition it represents one of the Ber- 
minghams. Elizabeth wrote to the 
Council, Nov. 1599: 'What will be the 
answer of the traitor (O'Neil) for the 
last treason of the bridge where Es- 
mond's company was defeated, and 
what reason will he yield for usurping 
so unjustly in the time of the Cessation 
to place Bremingham in the county of 
Kildare.' Car. Cal., Nov. 6, 1599. 



B The monastery of Baltinglass, 
founded by M c Morogh in 1148, was 
granted, with its manor and castle, to 
Sir Th. Eustace in 1541 ; his grandson, 
the third Viscount Baltinglass, confed- 
erated with the OByrnes, and with them 
slew 800 English at the battle of Glen- 
malure, in 1580; after the defeat of 
Desmond in 1583, he retired to Spain 
and his lands were confiscated. His 
brother William's descendant, C. S. 
Eustace, Esq., of Robertstown, claims 
the title. See O 'Sullivan Here's Hist. 
Cath., Lewis's Top. Did., Burke 1 s Peer- 
age. 

c Belonging to Wogan. See infra 
and the Car. Cal. 



4 6 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Principal men A in this Countie are : 

Long of the Dour, 
Eustace of Castlemartin, 
Barnet of Reban, called S' 

Michell now belonging to 

Hen. Lee, 
Wolf of Benford, 



Get-rot 11 Earle of Kildare, 
David Sutton, 
Fitz Gerrald of Allen, 
Flatesburie of Johnston, 
Fitzgerrald of Osbertston, 
Edw d - Fitz James of Blackhill, 



d The Clongovves MS. gives 58 names; 
the Car. Cal. contains only 35 from 
both we gather the names of 72 gentle- 
men, of whom 13 were FitzGeralds, 8 
Eustaces, 4 Berminghams, and 4 
Aylmers. The only remaining repre- 
sentatives of any of these seventy-two 
gentlemen are the Duke of Leinster, 
FitzGerald of Geraldine, Eustace of 
Ballymore-Eustace, the Aylmers (for- 
merly) of Lyons, of Donadea, of Pains- 
town, and of Courtown. See WalforiTs 
County Families. 

' This name would show that our 
' Description' was written before 1585, 
or in or after 1599 ; since Gerot E. of 
Kildare died in 1585, and the next of 
the name of Gerot got the title in 1599. 
The former Garret was some time a 
prisoner in the Tower. His son Henry, 
who had married a d. of the Earl of 
Nottingham, enjoyed the title until 
1 597- 'The L. Deputy, having taken 
the fort of Blackwater, was with the 
whole army rendering thanks to God' ; 
the Irish interrupted their prayers, and 
in the conflict killed ' Sir F. Vaughan, 
the L. Deputy's brother-in-law; R. 
Turner, the Serjant Major of the Army ; 



and two foster-brothers of the E. of 
Kildare, who, with his troop of Horse 
served valiantly upon the Rebells, and 
tooke the death of his foster brothers 
so to heart (after the education of the 
Irish) as shortly after he died. Many 
also were wounded of whom T. Walker 
was of chiefe name.' Moryson. O'Neil 
in his letter to the King of Spain 
writes : ' Kildare was hurt and died of 
his hurt;' but Carew wrote in the mar- 
gin, 'a lie; he died of no hurt.' O'Sul- 
livan-Bere says : ' Kildare was unhorsed 
by push of pike, and was wounded; but 
was put on horseback again by his two 
Irish foster-brothers, named O'Hickey, 
who were killed while saving him. 
Kildare died a few days afterwards.' 
The Four Masters say that ' in conse- 
quence of a wound or of a fever he 
went homewards, and died at Drogheda 
and his brother William was installed 
in his place. William with eighteen 
chiefs of Meath and Fingall was 
drowned coming from England,' in 
1598; and 'his kinsman Garret, the 
son of Edward, son of Garret, son of 
Thomas, son of John Cam succeeded.' 
He was i4th Earl, and with a dispen- 



COUNTIE OF KILDARE. 



47 



Baronet f of the Noraghe, 
Eustace of Blackrath, 
Sutton of Tipper, 
Eustace 8 of 
Rochfort of Laraghes, 
Fitzgerrald of Dunor, 
Owgan of Newhall, 
Eustace of Mulahasse, 



Sherlock of the Naas, 
Owgan of h 

Fitzgerrald of Leccaghe, 
Young of Newton, 
Browne of Browneston, 
Fount of Founteston, 
Pipard of 
Young of Youngstone, 



sation from the Pope, married his 
second cousin Elizabeth who was a d. 
of the 1 4th Baron of Delvin and was 
born in the Tower of London. This 
Garret, according to O'Sullivan, was 
poisoned by the English in 1612. 

' Wesley or Wellesly was Baronet 
of the Noragh. The Car. Cal. has 
' Wesley at the Norragh ' in Kildare ; 
and again, ' Garrat Westie (Wesley ?) 
of the Dengin ' in Meath. The Wes- 
leys of the Dangan came to Ireland in 
1172, and are ancestors of the Duke of 
Wellington through Alison Wesley of 
Dangan, who was married to Sir Henry 
Colley and died in 1597. Among 
those pardoned by the English govern- 
ment in 1598 was R. Wesley; and in 
1600 'Walter Wesley of the Narrowe,' 
co. of Kildare, and Richard Wesley. 
See Morrin's Cal. of Close Rolls, ad an. 
1598 and 1600 

There are five Eustaces in our 
MS. ; but this Eustace, mentioned with- 
out the name of his place, may be ' E. 
at Newlande, E. at Cradockstowne, E. 
at Coffy, or E. at Clangloswoodd.' 
This is clearly Clongoweswood near 



Clane, to which our MS. belongs. 
See Car, Cal., Peramb. of the Pale, p. 
191. 

h Wogan of Rathcoffy. Car. Cal. 
This family produced some remarkable 
men, of whom the Editor of this book 
published an account some years ago. 
John Wogan was twice ruler of Ire- 
land in the I4th century; R. Wogan 
was High Chancellor in 1443; Colonel 
Wogan of Rathcofty saved the King's 
life at the battle of Nazeby ; young 
Captain Wogan's enterprising character 
has been drawn by Clarendon, and by 
Walter Scott in Waverley. Sir Charles 
Wogan of Rathcoffy, a near kinsman 
of the aforesaid colonel and nephew 
of Talbot Duke of Tirconnell, a Roman 
Patrician and Senator, and Colonel in 
the Spanish Army, 'with but 1400 men 
held out for four hours against 20,000, 
losing half his soldiers, and thus secured 
a victory and conquest for the Prince 
he served.' He was one of the most 
dashing and daring men of his day, and, 
with the help of three Irish officers, he 
rescued Maria Sobieski from an Aus- 
trian fortress and brought her safe to 



4 8 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Creaff of Thomaston, 
Wale of 
Elmer 1 of Lions, 
Allen of S'- Wolstanes, 
Allen of Kilheele, 
Weslie of Barringstone, 
Fitzgerrald of Brecaston, 
Fitzgerrald of Breton, 
Whyte k of Sherlockstone, 
Fitzgerrald of Kilune, 
Fitzgerrald of the Grange, 
Bremineham of Doinfert, 

o 

Bremingham of Corrikeris, 
Bremingham of the Graunge, 

Rome to the Pretender, whose fiancee 
she was. All Europe wondered at this 
exploit, and the Duke of Wharton 
complimented him on it thus : 
' Great in your verse as on the martial 

scene, 
Whose essay was to free a captive 

Queen.' 

' Also Aylmer at Clancurry, Aylmer 
at Downada, and Aylmer at Hardwell. 
Car. Cal. The head of the Aylmer 
family and representative of the Aylmers 
of Lyons is Michael Valentine Aylmer, 
Esq., Derry, Kathcabbin, co. Tipperary. 
' Aylmer of Downada,' the ancestor of 
Sir Gerald G. Aylmer of Donadea Cas- 
tle, was son of A. of Cloncurrie, and 
grandson of A. of Lyons. His lady 
was the widow of Viscount Baltinglass 

" ' and Whyte of Leixlip ' Car. Cal. 



Bremingham of Rosewood, 
Misset of Dowdingleston, 
Calf of Duriforth, 
Fleming of the Naas, 
Golding of Harberston, 
Eustace of Ballecotlan, 
Dongan of Fontistone, 
Cowley 1 of Carberrie, 
S r Edward Fitzgerald," 1 Knt., 
Walshes of Morten, 
Stanihurst of Ballincapoch, 
Buggon of Rathmore, 
H owlet of Rathmore, 
Row of Branganston, 

' at Carbry Castle.' Car. Cal. He 
was the direct ancestor of Wellington. 
He was grandson of Walter Colley, 
Solicitor-General and then Surveyor- 
General for Ireland. In 1595, as ap- 
pears from Sir W. Russell's Journal, 
' the L. Deputy went to the Nasse (Mr. 
Coolie's) ; also in April, that year, 
Lieut. Greemes brought in one Hall, a 
priest, taken at the Lady Colic's house ; 
he was committed close prisoner to the 
Castle of Dublin.' 

m Also, ' FitzGerald at Castle Iskin, 
F. at Ballysonan, and F. at Dunnocks.' 
To which may be added from the Car. 
Cal., 'Allie at Rathbrede, Beling at 
Killussy, Cheevers at Rathmore, Sir 
W m - Sarsfield at Tully, Sarsfield at 
Turning, Herbert at Collanstowne, Sir 
H. Warren at Castletowne, and Sir 
Harry Harrington at Golmoorstowne.' 



COUNTIE OF KILDARE. 



49 



Fitzphillips of Clain, 
Branaghe of Leslip, 
Fyan of Leslip, 



Tyrrell of Ardchille, 
Delahide of Moyglare. 



Few of this Countie" are yet entered into action of Rebel- 
lion, saving some younger Brethren of the Geraldines that 
followed Thomas, base Brother of this Earle of Kildare's, into 
Rebellion, who was apprehended and Executed by the Ea^le of 



n ' Touching the five shires of the 
English Pale, though many of them 
have showed more backwardness to 
answer the service and their own de- 
fence than were meet, which, we think, 
groweth more upon their poor estate 
and waste of their countries, than of 
any wilfulness or corrupt mind ; yet in 
many of the meaner sort, upon the bor- 
ders towards the North and the co. of 
Kildare some of the Bastard Garral- 
dines, especially two base brothers of 
the now Earl of Kildare are in open 
rebellion with two of the Eustaces.' 
State of Ireland in 1597. 'Kildare is 
for the most part spoiled, wasted and 
consumed by burning or otherwise, 
save some castles, where the owners do 
shroud themselves from the rebels. 
This waste has been caused by the in- 
cursions of the rebels, the daily out- 
rages and disorders of the soldiers and 
the burthens imposed by the governors, 
the Council and the commanders.' 
Car. Ca/.,p. 260. 'Two base brethren of 
the Earl of Kildare, called the Bastard 
Geraldines, having drawn to them a 
number of loose people, do range up 
and down the Pale, extorting meat, 



drink and money at their own wills, and 
so terrify the subjects as many do for- 
sake their dwellings. These Bastard 
Geraldines are now upon protection, 
and what will further come of them we 
know not, having often written to the 
Earl of Kildare to temper with them 
and to stay them, but we have not as 
yet heard anything from him.' Report 
of the Dublin Council, 5th Nov. 1597. 
' In Kildare James Fitz Piers a Geral- 
dine, Sheriff of the shire, the two Bas- 
tard Geraldines, one (some) of the 
Delahydes, Glashane O'Dempsie, and 
Lisaghe O'Dempsie with the rest of the 
O'Dempsies, and certain of the Eus- 
taces of kindred to (of the sept of) the 
late Viscount Baltinglasse attainted are 
in actual rebellion; their forces are 
230 f. and 30 h. (220 f. and 30 h.).' 
Car. Cal., State of Ireland, April 1599,- 
but the words in parenthesis are from 
Moryson. 

The Queen's troops in Kildare were : 
' Horse, in and about the Nasse : Earl 
of Kildare, 50 ; Capt. R. Greame, 50 ; 
Capt. Gifford, 25 ; Capt. Lee, 12. 
Foote, in and about the Nasse were : 
Earl of Kildare, 150; Earl of South- 

G 



cjO STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Ormond. These, becaus they have no head of themselves and 
are but few, they abide out of their owne countrie amongst 
Strangers, and serve onlie for Guyders to Lead others through 
the Countrie. 



THE COUNTIE OF CATHELAGH. 

This Countie is a long slip of Land lying for the most part 
between the 2 Rivers Slaine and Barrowe, and contayneth divers 
Baronies ancientle inhabited by the Inglyshe, but not long after 
the conquest a good part thereof was recovered by the Cavan- 
aghs, which did inhabit both it and the Countie of Wexford. a 



ampton, 200; Sir M. Morgan, 150 ; 
Sir T. Loftus, 100; Williams, 150; 
Esmond, 150; W. MEdmond, 100 ; 
E. Loftus, 100; Lea, 100; Eustace, 
100 ; J. Masterson, TOO; Flood, 100; 
Trevor, 100.' Moryson, p. 43. 

The following Kildare worthies 
were pardoned Vd 1598 and 1600, so I 
presume they aided the ' Geraldines ' : 
' Piers Walshe Fitz Piers of Moynally, 
and Howel Walshe ; W m - Fitz Oliver 
FitzGerald ; R. Fitz Maurice Fitz G. ; 
W. Fitz Maurice Fitz G. ; W. Fitz Ed- 
ward Fitz G., W m - Bremingham of 
Dunfert ; E. Bremingham of Derite ; 
R. Bremingham Fitz James ; Garret 
Bremingham Fitz Redmond; Richard 
Mac William Oge Bremingham of 
Muckland, Cecily Linch his wife, W m - 
B. his son, and Piers Fitz James Brem- 
ingham, Gerald Wogan of the Down- 
ings ; R. Wesley, Walter Wesley of the 



Narrowe ; W m - Eustace of Castlemartin ; 
Christopher Eustace of Ballycallen and 
Ellinor his wife ; Thomas Rochford of 
the Laragh ; Donal Enos and W m - 
Moony of the Laroghs ; Sir W m ' Sars- 
field of Lucan; Christopher Flattesburie 
of Johnstown ; Carroll, Boylan, and 
Ashe of the Naas ; Keatinge, Doyne, 
Gilliglas O'Scott, Brenan, Morogh 
O'Hanlon, O'Conlan, D. O'Byrne, H. 
O'Byrne, O'Kellie, Coffie, O'Halegan, 
O'Donnell, Tallen, O'Rhawley;' See 
Morrifts Cal. of Close Rolls. 

a The Cavanaghs held the strong 
mountain fastnesses 'lying between the 
Counties of Wexford and Carlow, and 
extending down the left bank of the 
Barrow to the neighbourhood of New 
Ross. In the description accompany- 
ing Speed's Maps we read : ' Cavenaghi 
hie (i.e., in Carlow) circumquaque agunt, 
in numerosam familiam propagati viri 



COUNTIE OF CATHLAGH. 



It hath in it certan high mountains upon the East part and the 
rest of the Countrie is nere plain. The third part of the whole 
Shyre is accompted to belong to the Earle of Ormond and his 
brother S r Edmond Butler. One baronie called I drone was the 
ancient Inheritance of S r Peter Carew. b 

This Countie is bounded with the Countie of Kildare to the 
North, with the Quene's Countie to the West and Southwest, 
and Kilkenny to the East and Southeast. It hath onlie one 
Towne called Catherlaghe, from which the Shyre hath its name. 



Principall 
Castles are : 



Catherlaghe, 
Leighlin, 
Rathvilley, 
Fortovollon, c 



Tully, 

S< Mollins, 

Cloughgrenan, 

Rathmore. 



bellicosi, sed qui per mutuas clades se 
quotidie conficiunt.' Circa 1568 five 
Cavanaghs owned Idrone East. In 
1587 Murtagh C. chief of his name, 
dwelt at Garryhill, though his chief 
house was the Castle of Rathnegarry 
in Idrone. As he was wantonly mur- 
dered by Dudley Bagnall's men in 
1587, his two sons made a raid on 
Bagnall's land, plundered it, and being 
pursued, killed Bagnall and thirteen of 
his men, inflicted on him sixteen 
wounds, drew his tongue out of his 
mouth and slit it. Kilk. Arch. Jour. 

Three years afterwards Hugh O'Don- 
nell was helped to escape from the 
Castle by ' a certain renowned warrior 
of Leinster, Art Cavanagh by name, 
who was a champion in battle and a 
commander in conflict.' Four Masters. 

. Belonging to Sir Dudley Bagnoll. 



Dymmok. In the Kilk. Jour, of Arch., 
April 1870, the Rev. J. Hughes gives 
an account of this barony, from which 
we take the following details : The 
ninth Earl of Ormonde purchased the 
Dullogh and gave it to his son Sir 
Edward Butler. Carew claimed it in 
right of his ancestors and in 1568 got 
possession of Idrone from the Sheriff oi 
Carlow. Sir Edward, who had done 
great service against the O'Mores, re- 
belled, and after holding out for some 
time was pardoned in 1573. He had 
four sons, one of whom succeeded to 
the father's estates in 1603, got the title 
of Viscount Tullophelim, and married 
the only daughter of his uncle Ormond, 
but died without issue. 

c ' In the co. of Catherlagh, being 
little and all wasted, the castles of Car- 
logh and Laghline, and her Majesty's 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Principall 
Gentlemen : 



S r Edmond Butler d 
Dudley Bagnoll's e sons 



house of Femes, held by the Queene's 
Warders, and six castles belonging to 
the Earl of Ormond held for the 
Queene, but the Cavanaghs and Key- 
tons were in rebellion.' Moryson, p. 

3i- 

' The Earl of Ormonde's chief manor 

there is Ravelly, and his territories 
reach along Clonmore and Fortanolan 
to Arclow.' Car. Cal. The Fothart 
O'Nolan, or country of O'Nolan is now 
the barony of Forth in the co. of Car- 
low. O'Flaherty in his Ogygia, p. iii., 
c. 64, says O'Nolan the last proprietor 
and chief of this territory died a short 
time before O'Flaherty wrote his book, 
so there must have been a chief of that 
name in 1598. O'Heerin thus sings of 
the chief in his time : 

' O'Nuallain, hero without fault 
Chief prince, fine and bountiful of 
Fothart.' 

O'N. was senior Vassal of M c Murrogh ; 
' O'N., the Lord of Fotharta was slain 
in 1133; his son was slain in 1154; 
Shan O'N. was chief of Fogharta in 
1394 ; and in 1406 Laighsech O'N. 
the royal heir of Foghart died.' See 
Four Masters and Annals of Loch Ce. 

d Sir Edmond Butler of Cloghgren- 
nan, was brother of Ormond, and is 
called Edmond an Caladh (of the 
Port) by the Four Masters. In 
1569 this Edrnond and his brother 
Edward ' seized at the fair of Eniscor- 



thy, on Great Lady Day, an immense 
quantity of property horses, cattle, 
gold, silver and foreign goods ; but 
Ormond having returned made peace 
for his Kinsmen with the State.' In 
1582, these brothers with their cavalry, 
galloglasses, and giomanachs were de- 
feated by the Earl of Desmond. In 
1596 this Edmond, son of James, son 
of Pierce Roe, son of James, son of 
Edmond, son of Richard Butler, was 
imprisoned for the crimes of his sons 
who turned out to plunder.' See Four 
Masters. In 1596 the Lord Deputy 
wrote to him : ' Your son, Pierse But- 
ler, hath received a commandment to 
come to us, and yet hath obstinately 
refused to do so : these are therefore to 
will and command you to apprehend 
him and deliver him to his uncle, the 
Earl of Ormonde.' In the month ot 
December 1596, the heads of his son 
James and two others were sent to the 
Deputy; and in 1597 his son Pierse 
was taken and executed by his own 
uncle Ormond, who sent his head to 
Dublin. See Car. Cal. 

e Sir W. S'- Leger was governor of 
the fort of Leighlin, had 150 men, and 
was guardian of Dudley Bagnall's son, 
who owned Idrone Barony. Car. Cal., 
p. 191. Dudley's brother, Marshal B. 
owned the premises and castle of 
Leighlin Bridge until his defeat and 
death by O'Neil in 1598. Dudley's 
son, Sir Nicholas B. was constable of 



COUNTIE OF CATHLAGH. 



53 



S r William Harpole f 
The Heirs of Henry Dowels 
Edmond Gline 

Turloghe M c Donnell Galliglass 

The Bishop of Laghlein, the Sonnes of Bryan M c Cawer 

Cavanagh 8 of S' Molins 



the Castle of Leighlin in 1602. Dud- 
ley's grandson, Colonel Walter B. had 
an Irish mother, who was d. of the nth 
Earl of Ormond ; he was a Catholic, 
and though a Confederate officer, he 
allowed Ormond's army to pass Leigh- 
lin Bridge and thus enabled Ormond 
to escape from Owen Roe. He was 
tried for ' murder ' by the Parliament- 
arians, was put to death in 1652 ; his 
property of 15,000 acres in Idrone was 
confiscated, as he was ' an Irish papist] 
and his brother Colonel Thomas Bag- 
nail was ' transplanted' into Connaught 
as ' an Irish papist? See the papers 
published. by Mr. Prendergast in Kilk. 
Arch.J. of 1860. 

f Perhaps a son of Hartpole, con- 
stable of Catherlogh who died in 1594, 
aged 70, whose effigial tomb was found 
many years ago in the cemetery of S 1 - 
Mary, Castle Hill, Carlow. ' He was 
matched with a Coltyonean (i.e., an 
O'Birne) and was a maintainer of 
rebels.' Survey of Ireland in 1572 
and 1602, The Car. Cal. mentions a 
William Wall ; who, I presume, was of 
the Carlow family of Wall that after- 
wards rose to some eminence in France. 
The Survey of Ireland circa 1575 and 
tire. 1602 says, ' there are in Carloe 



Keating's kerne ill-disposed and now 
rebels.' 

* ' Garret M'Murtagh Cavanagh, 
Morgan M c Brian Cavanagh at Poble 
Tymolin.' Car. Cal., p. 191. 

According to the Cavanagh Pedigree 
in the Kilk. Arch. Journal of 'July 1856, 
Donnell Spaineach fl. 1600, attainted 
an. 1617, was father of Sir Murrough 
MMorrough ; Morgan, son of Brian of 
Borris (who died in 1572) d. 1636; his 
great grandson was governor of Prague 
in 1766 ; Murtogh attainted in 1605 ; 
Bowling Cavanagh of Ballyleigh lived 
in 1598 ; Art M c Morrough Kavanagh of 
Borris is the 7th in descent from Mor- 
gan of Borris who died in 1636. 

The ' Sects of the Cavanaghes in 
Carloe: (i) Morchage of Garlile [Gar- 
ryhill ED.] chief of that sect. (2) 
Gerard M'Cahair Carragh of Glennmulle 
[Clonolyn ED.] chief of another. (3) 
Cahir Begge of Leinerocke chief of 
another sect. (4) Bryan M c Murtagh 
of the country of the Melaghe, chief of 
another sect. (5) Bryan M c Cahir 
M c Arte, dwelling in the barony of S'- 
Malyne, between Sir Peter Carew and 
Rosse on the river of Barrouglie all 
open rebels or doubtful ; and Bryan 
M c Cahir M c Arte, a notable rebel, who 



54 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Hugh 

Owen O'Gormoghan 

John Barrie. 



killed Browne in 1572, with a number 
of other good gentlemen of Wexford. 
The Coltyoneans alias Byrnes notable 
rebels ; all the rest faithful to her 
Majesty. Wm. M c Hubberd, chief of 
these hanged in 1602. There are 10 
septs of the Kavanaghes, i.e. : (i) Gerald 
M c Moridaghe Oge of Slught Mori- 
taughe; he is upon protection; his sept 
in rebellion ; his house Rathengerge in 
O'Dorne. (2) Brian M c Donoghe (both 
of these are of Slewght Morrogh Bal- 
laghe), upon protection ; his house 
Castle Balliboghare in O'Dorne. (3) 
Morietaghe M c Donogh, dead ; his sept 
in rebellion. (4) Morietagh M c Morish 
in rebellion ; both these septs are of 
Slewght Ayte More ; both these men's 
lands in O'Dorne. (5) Dowghe M c Cahir 
in rebellion ; his house was the castle 
of Fenes. (6) Donell M c Dowghe alias 
Donell Spanaghe in rebellion ; his chief 
house was Huysceethy. (7) Dermond 
M c Morish a pensioner in pay ; his sept 
in rebellion ; those three septs are of 
Slewght Donell Reaghe ; his pension 
in Kilkennin in Wexford. (8) Morogh 
M c Brian upon protection ; his sept in 
rebellion ; he is of Slewght Dermond 
Langrett; his land in S f ' Nolin in 
Wexford. (9) Moroghe Leighe M c Cahir 
dead ; his sept in rebellion ; he is of 
Slewght Art More ; his land in S'- 
Nolin in Wexford.' Survey of Ireland, 



written circ. 1574, with additions circ. 
1597 and 1602. Car. Cal. in year 
1603. p. 447. 

'In 1597 there were some of the 
Butlers who range up and down the 
borders of Carlowe having of their 
adherancy some of the Connaughts 
(sic. perhaps bonnaughts ED.) and 
sundry of the O'Tooles and OByrnes.' 
State of Ireland, Car. Cal. 

' In 1599 most of the Cos. of Carlow 
and Wexford were in rebellion ; the 
chief in these two counties are the 
Kevanaghes, who with their followers 
are 750 men and whereof 50 are horse.' 
Moryson and Car. Cal. 

In a tract of the British Museum, 
written by Nowel, Dean of Lichfield, 
who died in 1576, the power of the 
Carlow Irish in his time is thus stated : 
' M c Murghowe is prince of Leinster. 
He and his Kinsmen will be 200 horse 
well harnessed, a bataile (i.e., about 
80) of Galoglas and 300 kerne his ; 
O'Moroghowe 1. of Yphelim 16 h. and 
40 k. ; O'Nowlane L. of Tohyrly 12 h. 
and 20 k. ; O'Brenan of Idough 40 
kerne.' A later paper, circ. 1572, men- 
tions as of estimation the Cavanaghs of 
'S'- Molyns, of Garryhill and Clono- 
lyn ; but none of them able to make 
8 horsemen of his own byinge, and 
every one of them is enemy to the 
other.' 



COUNTIE OF WEXFORD. 



55 



THE COUNTIE OF WEXFORD. 

This Countie being the first conquered by the Inglysh men, 
hath so much written in several Books now extant, as it were 
superfluous to speak more of this Shyre, than of the present 
State thereof. S r Henrie Sidney and S r William Drury caused 
it to be Surveyed, and had a meaning to have it divided into 
Two Shyres, and to have called the North part the Countie of 
fearnes as the south part the Countie of Wexford, but for want 
of Sufficient Freeholders to be of Juries, or to be Sheriffe, 
or to bear any other Office, this purpose of Division took no 
Effecte. 

This Shyre serveth to be an Inglyshe Pale, and an Irish 
Countie. The Pale or civill part is contayned within a River i 
called the Pill, a in the which the most of the posteritie of the 
ancient Gentlemen, that were conquerors do inhabite. b The 
other without the Pill is yet Inhabited by the Originall people, 



* Weisford with the territory baied 
and perclosed within the Pill was so 
quite estranged from Irishrie, as if a 
traveller of the Irish (which was rare 
in these days) had pitched his foot 
within the Pill and spoken Irish, the 
Weisfordians would command him 
forthwith to turn the other end of his 
toong, and speake English, or else 
bring his trouchman with him. But in 
our days (circa 1578) they have so ac- 
quainted themselves with the Irish as 
that they have made a mingle mangle 
or gallimanfreie of both the languages, 



as commonlie the inhabitants of the 
meaner sort speake neither good Eng- 
lish nor good Irish. Stanihursfs De- 
scription of Ireland. 

b ' The mansion houses of most gen- 
try were fortified with Castles, some 
neere 60 foot high, having walls at 
least 5 foot thicke to the number of 
Thirty, of which few as yet becom 
ruinous,' says one who wrote in 1680. 

'The people of the B. of Forth spoke 
the same tongue and wore the same 
dress and professed the same Faith as 
the first settlers, their predecessors. 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



as the Cavenaghes and Kinshelaughes c possessing the Woodie 
part thereof ; into which, notwithstanding, some of the Inglysh 
have intruded, and planted Forts and Castles within them. 

This Countie hath the Sea to the East, the County of 
Wicklo to the North, the Countie of Catherlagh to the West 
and the River of Barrowe and the County of Waterfoord to the 
South. 

Both Wexford and Rosse hath walled and Haven Townes, 
the first upon the East Sea, the other upon the River Barow 
being amplyfied by the Rivers of Nuer and Suer, and the 
mouth of the Haven is the Haven of Waterfoord, yet hath it 
other ancient ruined Townes as Fearnes whereof the Bishop 
hath his name, Clomyne B . . , . and Federt. 



In that single barony there were no 
less than eighteen churches, thirty three 
chapels, one religious hospital and two 
convents, and very many crosses in 
public roads.' Description of B. of 
Forth, ed. by H. F. Hore in Kilk.Jour. 
of Arch. The Gentlewomen of Wex- 
ford, in 1634, 'wore good handsome 
gownes, petticoates, and halts,' and for 
mantles, had ' Irishe ruggs with hand- 
some comely large fringes, which go 
about their necks ; thick rugg fringe 
is joined to a garment, which comes 
round about them and recheth to the 
very ground ; it is much more comely 
than the rugg short cloaks used by the 
women on festival days at Abbeville 
and Boulogne.' Sir W. Brereton. 

c ' That part of the county north of 
the river Slane is possessed chiefly by 
the Irish called Cavanaghs. It hath 
on that side also many English inhabit- 
ants ; sc. Synot of Clelande, Roth of 



Roth, Synot of Ballinerah in the Mur- 
ros (?), Masterson at Femes Castle, 
where also the Bishop's see is, Peppard 
of Glascarrig.' 

' The Irish on that side the Slane are 
Donell Murtagh, Edmund O'Morowe 
of the O'Morowes' country, and others, 
ever bad neighbours and rebellious 
people, under the government of Wil- 
liam Synot, by lease from her Majesty. 
Other Irish nations are by east them to 
the sea. The countries are called the 
Kinshelaghes, Kilconelin, Kilhobock, 
Farinhamon, inhabited by Art M c Der- 
mot, M c DaMore, M c Vadock, Darby 
M c Morish, all under the government of 
Mr. Masterson. On the south-west of 
the Slane are four English baronies 
called Fort, Barge, Sherberre, and 
Shelmalen, and an Irish barony called 
the Duffree. In the Duffree dwell Sir 
H. Wallop, and Lord Mountgarret.' 
Car. Cat., p. 190. 



COUNTIE OF WEXFORD. 



57 



The Principall Castles are : 
Wexford d belonging to the Adamstone, 



to 

*_ *^ 

Quene, 
Femes to the Bishop, 
Tinterne to S r Tho. Code, 
Donbrodie Abbey, 
Doncannon, 
The Towre of Hooke, 
Ballihack, 



Inishcortie to Sir Henrie 

Wallop, 
Bromestone, 
Rosegarland, 
Old Crosse, 
Mountgarret, and 
Kilclogher. 



Principall Gentlemen : e 

The Bishop of Fearnes, Richard Mastersone, 

Sir Henrie Wallop, Sir Tho. Colclough, 

Sir Dudley Loftus, Roche f of Rochesland, 



d ' Washfort was very populous in 
1644, owing to its great commerce. 
The fortress a small square regularly 
enough fortified, at the foot of which 
were many ruins of churches; the 
people came chiefly from France.' 
Boulaye Le Gouz' Travels in Ireland in 
1644. 

' In the co. of Wexford, being wasted, 
all the castles held for the Queene, and 
Sir T. Colclough, Sir R. Masterson, 
and Sir Dudley Loftus, the only Eng- 
lish there inhabiting, held for the 
Queene. But Donnell Spaniagh, alias 
Cavanagh, with all that Sept, the 
Omorroghs, Macony More, all the 
Kinsellaghes, Dermot M c Morice, etc. 
were in rebellion and had 750 f. and 
50 h. In 1599 there were 200 f. at 
Eniscorthy, under Sir Oliver Lambert, 



and 150 f. under Sir R. Masterson.' 
Moryson, p. 43. 

e An old barony of Forth alliterative 
rhyme conveys the supposed hereditary 
characteristics of several Wexford fam- 
ilies : ' Stiff Staffort, Dugget [dogged] 
Lamport, Gay Rochford, Proud Dewe- 
ros, Lacheny [laughing] Cheevers, 
Currachy [obstinate] Hore, Criss [cross] 
Calfer, Valse [false] Furlong, Shimereen 
[showy] Synnot, Gentleman [gentle] 
Brune.' 

f Sir J. Fitz George Roche, Knt. was 
summoned to the war in Scotland in 
1335. The Roches of Roche's land 
waxed very Irish in their ways ; for the 
Wexford jury of 1537 'do present that 
Walter R. with his followers went to 
the suburbs of Wexford by night for the 
most part feloniously, burned a boat of 

H 



58 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Synnot 8 of Clayland, FitzHenrie of Maghemorne, h 



R. Canton ; and burned a towne of 
Wm. Meyler and T. Synnot in ye 
parish of Kilkevan ; and so ye said 
Wm. and Thomas must give unto the 
said Walter 205. to have license to build 
ye same towne ; that the said Walter 
came with a banner displayed of Irish- 
men, and took with them ye prey, that 
is to say, of kine and cattle of the 
towne of Wexford ; and also as yet 
holdeth an Irishwoman to his wife.' 

'In 1552 Roche of Artramont> Lord 
of Rochesland, wrote to the L. Deputy 
that his father retained the yearly rents 
of money, sheep, butter, etc, of the 
tenants and dwellers of Rathalvey, and 
that whenever any goods were taken from 
the tenants by the English Pale of the 
co. of Wexford, being in wars with the 
Morrowes, Roche caused the same to 
be restored ; and that the said lands 
had ever been freed from O'Morrowe's 
galloglasses and other charges.' 

B 'The Sinnots exceed in number 
any ancient name ; the house of Bally- 
brennan in Forth was the most eminent, 
from which sprang men remarkable for 
school learning, persons endowed with 
heroic spirits and martially disposed 
minds. Richard S. of Ballybrennan, 
for his noble services with his sons, 
relations and dependents, was rewarded 
with forfeited lands. His son Walter 
being slain in battle, his grandson 
Martin S. inherited Ballybrennan ; his 
son James S. got the Manor and 
Barony of Rosegarland, John got 
Cooledyne with 1200 acres; Nicholas 



got Park, Logh and other villages with 
several houses in Wexford ; Sir Wm. S. 
got Bally farnocke with 24 plowlands 
intire in the Murrowes ; Edmond S. got 
Lingstown and other villages. 

' The following were gentlemen of 
the name enjoying good estates for 
many descents, from whom also several 
persons famous for learning and chiv- 
alry in Germany, France, Spain and 
Muscovie, etc., were extracted. 

' In the Barony of Forth 

'Sinnot of Balligery; S. of Rath- 
downey; S. of Stonehouse of Wexford; 
S. of Gratkerock. In Ballaghene Bar- 
ony S. of Owlert, S. of Ballymore, 
S. of Garrymusky, S. of Tinraheene. 
In Shilmaleere S. of Garrymusky, S. 
of Owlortvicke, S. of Ballinhownemore, 
S. of Ballinvacky, S. of Belleareele, S. 
of Balliroe, S. of Ballinkilly, S. of 
Monyvilleog, S. of Mogangolie. 

' These gentlemen, compleatly armed 
and mounted on horsebacke in Q. 
Elizabeth's warrs vigorously opposed 
such as appeared Rebellious.' De- 
scription of the Barony of Forth, Edited 
by H. F. Hore. 

11 Maghmayne. UssherM.S. Fitz- 
Harris of Killkevan is given in the Car. 
Cal. in which are found only twelve 
names, whereas there are fifty or sixty in 
our MS. I fancy this is the ' Feeffarris, a 
malefactor matched with the Cavanaghs 
in Carlow, and holding with them;' he 
is thus described by the Survey of Ire- 
land, written between 1575 and 1602. 

In 1537 the jury of New Ross ' pre- 



COUNTIE OF WEXFORD. 



59 



Deverox' of Balmagere, 
Foorlong k of Hoorton, 



Browne 1 of Malrancan, 
Hay m of Tancomshanee, 



sent that one FitzHany, that now is, 
of Kilkevan, robbed ye towne of Rosse, 
and killed a man within ye liberties of 
the said towne, and that ye said Fitz 
Harry did take a pray to the some and 
valew of ;ioo.' Annuary of Kilk. 
Arch. Society, Vol. i. 

1 The Devereuxes were the wealthiest 
and most powerful of all of the Strong- 
bonian race in Wexford. In 1566 Sir 
Nicholas D. makes ' bold to refresh his 
acquaintance ' with his schoolfellow, 
Lord Burleigh ; in 1574, 'he was 
spoiled of a great part of his inheritance 
by the Cavanaghs ;' in 1599, Devereux, 
Earl of Essex, on his march from 
Waterford to Dublin, passed a day at 
Balmagir, and Knighted Sir J. De- 
vereux. p. 43, Ann. Kiik. A. Soc. and 
Car. Cal., p. 308. 

k ' Furlongs, malefactors matched 
with the Cavanaghs.' Survey of Ire- 
land, 1574-1602. In 1539 Philip Fur- 
long of Carrigmenan gent, granted to 
Th. Rosseter of Rathmanee gent, his 
town and manor of Carrigmanan ; in 
1638, Furlong of C. sold his large 
estate for ^2500 to R. Devereux, Esq. 
Eleven gentlemen named Furlong were 
summoned to attend an expedition 
against O'Brien in 1345. Their chief 
house was Horetown near Taghmon. 
John F. was Knight of the Shire in 
1613, and owned the manors of Cam- 
ross, Bridgestown, etc.; another branch 
lived at Davidstown in the Glynn. 



1 The following letter of Q. Elizabeth, 
dated 1572, throws some light on this 
family and on Wexford : ' El. R. Where 
we are informed that R. Browne of 
Mulrancan (a yonge gentilman of great 
valour, wholy given to our sarvice 
against the disobedient Irish of that 
Countie, upon whom his father hath 
valiantly builded a fortress, and he after 
his father's death hath as valiantly kept 
and defended the same, to the ampli- 
fying of our obed c ", being also near of 
bloud to the houses of our r fc t r - and 
well beloved Cosins Th' Erles of Kil- 
dare and Ormond) is traitorously mur- 
dered by Brene M c Coder Kavanagh, 
and his brethren, Hugh MShan's sons 
.... [These Cavanaghs were kinsmen 
of Elizabeth through the Kildare al- 
liance. ED.] And whereas we are in- 
formed likewise that two gentlemen of 
our said co. of Wexford, the one, J. 
Furlong of Horeton, who hath of late 
procured the pitiful murder of the s d 
Browne's sister, to bring home her join- 
ture to his house, the other M. Fitz- 
henry of Magsmagh, being under Off" 
to Thos. Stukeley, bearing the s d 
Browne malice, and both of them 
cosins of blood to the said murderers 
of the Kavanaghs, have been procurers 
of the s d Murd n We think it good,' 
etc. Forwarded by John P. Prender- 
gast, Esq., to the Kilk. Arch. Jour. 

m Henry the 6*, ' on account of the 
services Hay and his progenitors had 



6o 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Tod of Carne, n 
Lamport of Ballyhinch, 
Scurlock of Roseland, p 
Keting of Kilcowan, q 

rendered to the King and his predeces- 
sors, in many times resisting the 
enemy, accepit cum in intimum amiaim.' 
The Hays owned the Towers of Hill, 
Slade, Tacumshene, and Castlehays- 
town. Kilk. Annuary. 

" Nich. Codd of Carne d. in 1564 
seised of the castle and lands of Rath- 
aspig. In 1599, Nicholas Codde of 
Castleton, son of Martin Codde and 
Margaret da. of A. Roche, Lord of 
Rochesland, was marshal of Wexford 
Liberty ; he was slain in 1600. (See 
'Description of the Barony of Forth,' 
written circ. 1680, edit, by Hore in 
Kilk. Arch., 'Vol. iv., p. 62). 'These 
Coodes of Castletown expressed singu- 
lar loyaltie and valour in Q. Eliza, warrs 
several of them being therein slain.' 

Of Ballyhire near Greenore. The 
Wexford jury of 1537 'present that Lam- 
port of Ballyhire did take James Kent 
prisoner, and took from him feloniously 

8.' 

p 'Scurlocke of Roslare. UssherM.S. 
' He owned two manors with a valuable 
estate in Ballymore and Roslare, unto 
whom the Copyholders by their tenures 
performed homage, divers customary 
duties and services not elsewhere used, 
many of which were servile ; none could 
marry in his Lordships without his pre- 
vious License nor build a house, nor 
suffer it to be demolished or to fall to 
decay. If a Copyholder married a 



Chevers of Ballyhaly,' 
Rawceter of Rathmokue, 5 
Wadding of Ballicoiley,' 

maide, a certaine fine was payable to 
the Lord ; if a widow, double as much ; 
if a woman whose virginity had been 
violated, more ; which fine or duty was 
termed Lotherwite (i.e., Lother's law). 
All tenants deceasing were liable to 
Heriots. Transgressors of such and 
many other strange customs incurred 
forfeiture of their interest by Copyhold.' 
Descrip. of B. Forth. 

q \Y">. Keting was commander of 
Kilklogan, circ. 1537; Baldwin and R. 
Keting were witnesses of the Charter 
of the Earl of Pembroke to Tintem 
Abbey. The eldest house had the 
title of Barons K. of Kilcowan. 

' Cheevers, a Flemish family named 
Chevre, long settled in Wexford ; Pat- 
rick C. witnessed the charter given to 
Wexford in 1317; Edward C. was 
created Viscount Mount Leinster by 
James II. Hore. 

5 The family came from Rocester in 
Lincolshire ; Rossieter of Rathmacnee 
was expulsed in 1653 ; Bargy castle 
was built by a Rosseter, whose initials 
are on an oak panel in the house. 
Slevoy belonged to Walter R. in 1608; 
another R. lived at Tacumshane and 
owned the manor of Tomhaggard. 
Colonel R. of Rathmacknee is said to 
have married a sister of the famous 
Sarsfield. Hore. 

' R. Wadding of Ballycogly m. a da. 
of Rowseter of Rathmacnee, Esq., and 



COUNTIE OF WEXFORD. 



6l 



Stafford of Balmakeryn," 
Barry of Bonecarry, 
Rochford v of [ ], 

French of Ballitorie, 
Eliot of Rathshillan, 
Sutton of Ballikerock, w 
Prendergasse of the Gorchins," 

had four sons and seven daughters ; 
his eldest son, Thomas, was one of the 
Knights of the Shire in 1613, and was 
married to a d. of Eustace of Castle- 
martin ; his daughter Elenor was m. to 
Th. Scurlock of Bolgan in the Glynn. 

u Ballymacarne, the principal castle 
of the Staffords, who were a numerous 
and distinguished family. There was 
a branch at Balliconnor, where Denis 
Stafford of Balliconnor and his wife 
Katerina Synnot of Byllygeary built a 
tower in 1570, which still stands. 
Their son Hamond S. died in 1630. 

* Of Taghunnan (Mountpleasant) un- 
der the mountain of Forth. The 
Rochfords were barons in the i3th 
century and owned the barony of 
Duffyr, but were driven northwards by 
the Irish. Kilk. Annuary, p. 41. 

" Ballykeroge, a castle of unusual 
dimensions in 'Sutton's parish' near 
Ross was the chief house; but branches 
lived at Oldcourt, Ballysop, and Priest- 
haggard. 

x Gurteen The Prendergasts owned 
the territories of Femes and Kinsellagh; 
but were driven southward, and in 
1598 lived in a tower called Gurteen 
near the mountain of Forth. 

y Written also Bosher or Busher. 



Bourcher of Balliconnick/ 
Mayler* of 

Redmond of the Hooke, 
Laffan of the Slade, aa 
Sygin of Syginston, bb 
Cullen of Cullenston, 
Osmond of Johnston," 

z ' Walter Meyler of Duncormack and 
his ancestors have been in possession 
of Mountgarret beside Ross with the 
appurtenances, as their inheritance of 
right until the Earl of Ossory entered 
and kept it by force in 1518.' In 1570 
Walter M. of Doncormock, gent., ad- 
dressed the Government, stating that he 
was possessed of the manor of Prysts- 
town, 'adjoining the salvage nacion 
of the Cavanaghes, and the Key of the 
country upon the very frontiers of the 
Irishry, and therefore wasted by their 
continual incursions, and they have oft 
times shed his blood.' 

a * ' Mac Laffan of the Sladd ' is in- 
cluded among the gentlemen of Shel- 
burne in the grand panel of the co. of 
Wexford 1608. In 1638 Henry Laffan 
of Slade Castle died. 

bb Siggins, perhaps S ( - John ; one S'- 
John had land at Tomhaggard and at 
Monsyu in 1472 and about 1537 W. 
Browne ' did take Stephen S'- John in 
ye highway and did lead him to his 
castle and did imprison him after his 
own use, contrary to the King's laws 
till he paid his fine.' There was also 
a Sigon on the Wexford Jury of 1537. 

cc Esmond ' Lord Esmond served 
as a Martialist in the Low Countries, 



62 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Whyte of Tromer, 
Eshingham of Dunbrody, 
Isham of Bryanston, 
Walsheof dd 
Hore of S dd 

Butler of ee Clonkyraghe, 
Fitzjohn of Ballicoppock, 
FitzneaF of Ballyharth, 
NevelF of Rosegarland, 
Turner of ff 

St. John of Wexford, bb 
Whitty of Baltitege, gg 
Butler of Wexford, Brother to 
the L d - Mountgerat, 

and then against the Kavanaghes, 
Birnes and O'Tooles ; his countenance 
terrible, with a formidable voice when 
exasperated ; of sanguine complexion, 
compact, solid corpulent body with 
robustious Limms, terrible to his Enemy, 
maintaining always a numerous Retinue 
of well accomplished young gentlemen, 
well accoutred and compleatelie armed 
with excellent serviceable horses. He 
was abstemious and continent.' De- 
scription of the B. of Forth, edited by 
H. F. Hore. 

dd 'Walshe of Polrankan; Hore of 
Harpiston.' Ussher M.S. In 1649 
there were H. of Pole-Hore, H. of 
Harperstown, and H. of Kilvash- 
lan. In Taghmon Church there is 
a very ancient monument to Hore of 
Harperstown. W ra - Hore of Harpers- 
town was Knight of the Shire in 1559 ; 
and was in 1572 seised of the castle 



Lewes ff of Leweston, 

Chyver of Killyan, 

Hasson of Wexford, 

Bryan of the ff 

And of the Irishe 

Donell Cavanaghe, commonlie 
called Donell Spaniaughe, 
or Donell the Spaniard, 
being broght with Stuckly 
in Spaine, also 

the Sept of Croan [Shean] 
M c Murrow, 

The 3 Lo. of Kinsheloghe, 



and lands of Harperstown, held of 
Roche of Drinagh, and of the castle 
and lands of Taghmon, held of the 
Queen. H. F. Hore. 

00 Perhaps ' Piers Butler, who has a 
portion of the Fassasse of Bentry, who 
is reported to be a rash young man.' 
Survey of Ireland. 

K ' Fitznicol ; Nevil baron of Rose- 
garland ; Turner of Ballyasshin ; Lowes 
of Lowston ; Brian of the Starr ; Graye.' 
Ussher M.S. (E. 4. 3 3)T.C.D. There 
was also a ' Pippard of Glascarrig,' ac- 
cording to the Car. Cal. ; and there 
was an influential family, named Gerot, 
as appears from a paper penes me. 

KS R. Whitty of Bally teige b. 1546, 
d. 1623, was J.P. for the co. of Wex- 
ford ; held three manors, three caru- 
cates and 523 acres; married a d.,of 
Sir N. Devereux of Ballymagir, 'the 



COUNTIE OF WEXFORD. 



M c Vadock, hh 
M c Danore, 



Edmond Duff. 



The whole Countie of Catherlaghe, and the one halfe of the 
Countie of Wexford was in tymes past inhabitted by the Cavan- 
aghes, who being by Warr driven out have from time to time 
greatlie disturbed the Inhabitants of the foresaid Counties ; 
there remayneth of them but few, and these of four Septs or 
Families, of which Griffyne M c Morroghe and his Brethren were 
chief and dwelt nere Fearnes ; the Elder Brother being Exe- 
cuted, the younger doth altogether depend upon S r Henrie 
Wallop. 

The Second Familie is Donell Spaniaughe and his Kinsmen, 
who also pretended to be much at the devotion of S r Henrie 
Wallop, who procured to the said Donell a yearlie Pension 
from the quene, but of late being Sturred up by the Earle of 
Tyrone, he took Armes against the quene and challingeth the 
Hous of Enishcortie. possessed and sumptuouslie Builded by S r 
Henrie Wallop, without which he purposeth not to live in 
quiet. 11 The 3 rd was the Sept of Bryan MCare of or 



White Knight ; ' his son married a d. 
of Stafford of Ballyconnor, and his 
grandson married a d. of Oliver Eus- 
tace of Ballynunry. There is a fine 
monument to the Whittys in the ruined 
Church of Kilmore. See Kilk. A. Jour. 
year 1872, p. 62. 

hh M c Vadock and M c Damore were 
descended from Murchadh a brother of 
Dermot M c Murrough. M c Vadock's 
sept dwelt round Gorey. Hi Kinsel- 
lagh, Ui Cennselach, was in the north- 
east of the co. of Wexford. 

''In June 1599 Essex 'viewed the 



i 



skirt of the Duffry, the chief fastness of 
D. Spaniaghc, who now pretends [to 
be chief?] of the Cavanaghs and 
M c Murragh, which in the Irish account 
is no less than to be King of Leynister. 
His Lordship also viewed the ground 
between Eniscorthy and this fastness, 
where the garrison had not long before 
skirmished with D. Spaniaghe. Soon 
after, D> Spaniagh, Phelim MTeagh 
and M c Rowry fought against Essex. 
In Sept. 1599 he was in action with 
300 or 400 of his followers in the co. 
of Wexford and greatly annoying these 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



S'- mollins and these depended upon S r Antony Colclough in 
his Life tyme, and now I suppose they depend upon his Sone, 
Sir Thomas Colcloughe Sone-in-Law to the late Lord Chan- 
cellor. The 4 th are of the Countie of Catherlagh in the Baronie 
of I drone, whose chief dependance was upon the Earle of Ormond. 
The head of this last Sept was Mourtoghe oge latelie 

by one of the Omailies. The rest of them together with the 
Remainder of the third Familie, have joined themselves toge- 
ther with the foresaid Donell Spaniaughe who dailie vexeth the 
Counties of Wexford, Catherlaghe, Kildare and Dublin ; he is 
not able to make above 200 Footmen, who, being prosecuted 
from Countie to Countie, hath continuall relief from Phelim 
MFeughe the Rebell of the Countie in Dublin, whose Brother- 
in-law he is. kk 



parts. Much of the lands of Donall 
Spaniaghe were possessed by Sir R. 
Masterson, Sir H. Wallop, Lord Mount- 
garrett, and Sir N. Walshe ; his ances- 
tor) Art Boy Kevanaghe possessed 
Enischortye, etc.' Car. Cal. 

A member of this clan, Morgan 
Kavanagh, was Governor of Prague 
in 1 766, and was the largest man in 
Europe. Relatives of his were living in 
Austria in the year 1844, and were 
declared by Professor Niemann of 
Vienna to be the tallest men in all 
Germany. They were descendants of 
Bryan na-Stroice Kavanagh, who was 
the largest man in the army of James 
the Second. See O 'Donovan on the 
Physical Charatteristics of the Irish, in 
Ulster J. of Arch. 



I* A souvenir of Wexford in 1598 
has been recently discovered : ' Near 
the burial ground of Bannow have been 
found squared granite stones, forming 
the entrance to a house, and on one 
of the stones, a portion of which had 
been broken off, was the fragmentary 
inscription : 

.... mes . colli . fz 
. . ence . builded . this 
house . in . the . yeere . of 
owre . lord . 1598 . and 
marion . sinot . his . wife. 
This may be read: " [Jajmes Collin 
(Cullen) fitz [Lawr] ence builded this 
house in the yeere of our Lord 1598, 
and Marion Sinot, his wife."' Kilk. 
J. of Arch., October 1864. 



COUNTIE OF KILKENNY. 65 



THE COUNTIE OF KILKENNY. 

This Countie hath the most shew of civilitie a of any other of 
the- border Counties, in respect of the fayre Seats of Howses, the 
number of Castles and Inglysh manner of Inclosure of their 
Grounds. It is bounded with the River Barow to the East, with 
the River Suer to the South, with Ossorie to the North with 
Tipperairie to the West. These Counties being Ancientlie 
called Osseria seemeth to contayne the whole county of Kil- 
kenny or rather Ossery, and the other part called upp. Osserie, 
and so to be all one Countie. But albeit many directions have 
been sent from the Queen and her progenitors for the deciding 
of this controversie, Yet MGillaPatrick, the ancient possessor ' 
of Upper Osserie and now baron b of it wou'd never consent to 
be of that Countie for the native malice between them, the one 
having been utter Enimie to the other ; but pleadeth a Prero- 
gative by custome to be out of all Shyreground and to be 
Sheriffe himselfe for the Execution of the civill cawses, and 
criminall cawses, he rather sorteth himself to be of the new 



a A Kilkenny jury in 1537 declared lady, his wyff, the Lord Jamys Butler, 

that ' The gentylmen with all the and other the said Erie's children and 

comoners of the said counte, the Sover- Kyne of his name; wherefor to provide 

eine with all the heddes and comoners that these persons may be reduced, the 

of the towne of Kilkenny, ben very countie wyl be immediately prosperous 

desirous to be obedient to the Kinges and of gret strength to defend ther- 

lawe, and to lyve in good cevylitie ; selves against their enemyes.' An- 

and albehit the Kinges laws in the said nuary, p. 136. 

counte be not only clerly void and b Florence, the 3rd Lord, lived in 

frustrate, but also all the exactions, the time of Elizabeth, m. a daughter of 

suppressions and other enormities be- O'More of Leix ; his son, Thady the 

fore presented, with many mo, be men- 4th lord, m. a daughter of Sir Edmund 

teyned only by the Erie of Ossory, my Butler of Tullow, and d. 1627. 

I 



66 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Countie, and so in all criminall cawses to be tried by the late 
planted Inglyshe, then by their Ancient Enemies the Countie of 
Kilkenny. 



The chief Tonnes of this 
Countie are these: 



Kilkenny 

Thomaston 

Callan 

I d 

Gauran d 

Balleragat 

Burnchurche 

and many other of meane reckoning. 



c ' The best uplandish towne in Ire- 
land .... famous for Peter White's 
school out of which have sprouted such 
proper Impes so as the whole weale 
publik of Ireland is thereby furthered.' 
Stanihurst. ' Kilkenny the best dry 
towne in Ireland.' Campion. 

'The most pleasant and delightful 
town of y e Kingdom ; the buildings 
are fair and people fashionable; its 
cituation is in the best Air of Ireland 
upon the river Nore of admirable cleer 
water upon a gravel it is said that it 
hath 
" Water without mud, air without fog, 

Fire without smoke and land without 
bog."' 
Dynetys Tour, temp. Charles II. 

In 1644 it seemed to Le Gouz, a 
French traveller, as large as Orleans, 
which had 31,000 inhabitants. 

The ten leading families or 'tribes 
of Kilkenny,' are thus given, in Galway 
fashion, by Mr. Prim : 



' Archdekin, Archer, Cowley, Langton, Ley, 
Knaresborough, Lawless, Ragget, Rothe and Shee.' 

The Shees, the only one of un- 
doubted Milesian blood, was the most 
important, and next to them ranked 
Rothe and Archer. -J. G. A. Prim, Esq. 

The Corporation of K. in 1537 : 
Shee, Rothe, Lanton, Rothe, Hakket, 
Walshe, Rothe, Shee, Ragge, Archer, 
Raaour, Lawless, Savage. 

' Commyners of the town of Kil- 
kenny in 1537 : Lye, Busser, Dormon- 
dus, Marshall, Clery, Brasell, Purcell, 
Thyvyn, Langton, Rothy, Machill, 
Gybbes, Ragge, Garrard, Archer, 
Cavin.' 

d I is perhaps Inistioge ; Gauran is 
Gowran. 'In 1608 Gowran got a char- 
ter, and N. Hackett was made Port- 
reeve, and Everarde, Archer, J. Nashe, 
R. Nashe, J. Swayne, E. Staunton, 
Kealy, Raghtor, R. Swayne, M. Staun- 
ton, E. Walshe, and T. Staunton were 
Burgesses and of the Common Council 



COUNTIE OF KILKENNY. 



6 7 



Kilkenny 
Gauran d 

r ,/ / Kdl 

Ballingtoughe 

Creey Toune 
Whyte's Hall 

Men of Accompt? 

The Earle of Ormond/ his name Rich d Butler, 

his name Jam' 5 Butler, The L. Bishop of Ossorie 

his chief Hous Carrick ; his Seat at Kilkenny, 

The L. Viscount Mountgarot 8 



of the Borough.' Kilk. J. of Arch., 
July 1871, p. 540. In 1608 David 
Archer was constable to the Earl of 
Ormond of the Castle of Gowran. 

" The gentlemen of the jury of the 
Shire of Kilkenny in 1537 were: 
Grace, Sweetman, Comerforth, Dobbin, 
Smith, Watonn, Cowik, Datowne, 
Howel, Forstall, Forstall, Purcell, 
Shortall, Shortall, Forstall, Croke and 
Blomfeld. 

Jury of the Commyners of the Co. 
of Kilk. in 1537 : Troddye, Herford, 
Moteing, Fanneing, Mounsell, How- 
ling, all of Callan ; Forstall, Power, 
Walshe, Arland, and Karron, all of 
Inystioke ; Power, Tywe, Fitzjohn, 
Lacye, all of Knocktopher ; Lorknan, 
Whyte of Knocktopher. See Annuary 
of Kilk. J. of A. 

f Thomas roth Earl, called The 
Black Earl; his mother was daughter 
and heir of the nth Earl of Desmond; 
his father's mother was a d. of the 8th 



Earl of Kildare ; he enjoyed the title 
since the year 1546 ; in 1559 he was 
constituted lord treasurer of Ireland, 
and in the Carew Calendar he is styled 
' Lord General, General of the Army, 
and Lord Lieutenant General.' He 
was a great favourite of Elizabeth ; ac- 
cording to Burke 's Peerage ' he was the 
first of his family to conform to the 
Church of England;' however, he be- 
came a Catholic a few years before his 
death, and was constantly visited by 
Fathers Walle and O'Kearney, S.J. 
He had six brothers. 

* Edmund Butler 2nd Viscount 
Mountgarret, ist cousin of the Earl of 
Ormonde ; he married a d. of Fitz- 
Patrick ist Lord of Upper Ossory ; he 
died in 1602, and was succeeded by 
his son Richard, who had married the 
eldest d. of the Earl of Tyrone. His 
house is called Beallagarett and Ballin- 
aggettinthe Car. Cal. The 1 2th Vis- 
count was made Earl of Kilkenny. 



68 



Garrot, h Baronet 

church, 
Purcell' of Ballynfoyle, 

h Rowland FitzGerald alias Baron 
de Burnchurch. In the churchyard of 
Burnchurch there is a tomb of ' Fitz- 
Gerald alias Baron, dominus de Burn- 
church, who d. in 1545. The castle of 
B. is in a good state of preservation. 
The representative of this family is Sir 
H. Winston Barron.' Kilk. Annuary 
of 1858. The Baron of Burnchurche 
is the title given by the Kilkenny juries 
of 1537. Annuary. 

' To P. of Ballyfoyle was erected 
Purcell's Cross in St. Patrick's Cemetery: 
it bears the inscription, ' Orate pro 
anima Nobilimi D.D. Edmundi Pur- 
celli, qui obiit 16 Aug. 1625.' The 
Baron of Loughmoe in Tipperary was 
the head of the Purcells from whom N. 
Purcell O'Gorman is descended in the 
female line ; but there were five re- 
spectable branches in Kilkenny, viz. : 
of Ballyfoile, of Foulksrath, of Lismain, 
of Ballymartin and of Clone. See The 
Wayside Crosses, by Mr. Prim, in Vol. I. 
of Kilk.J. of Arch. 

>. The Purcells were hereditary captains 
of Ormonde's Kerne. The chief stock 
lived at Foulksrath, the offsets at Bally- 
foyl, Lismain, Clone and Ballymartin. 
Edmund Purcell ' captain of Kerne ' 
died in 1549, and is buried in S'- 
Canice, where his tombstone bears the 
inscription, ' Capitanus turbariorum 
Comitis Ormoniae? Mr. Prim in Kilk. 
f. ef Archceology. 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

of Burn- 



Edw d Butler of Butlerswood, 
Deane k of Thomastowne, 
David Baron 1 of Brownsfoord, 

There was a Patrick Porcell gent, of 
Lowyston in the year 1537 ; and Piers 
P. of Ballyen ; also ' the Lorde Pur- 
cell.' See Annuary, pp. 116, 117, 121, 
123, 132. 

The ruin of Ballyfoile Castle stands 
in the glen of that name at the foot of 
the Johnswell mountains. 

k Also ' Mr. Den of Grenan.' Car. 
Cal. 

1 David FitzGerald, alias Barron. 
This family, which had the title of Baron 
after it had ceased to be summoned to 
Parliament as such, was of the Geral- 
dine stock. The title came at last to 
be a surname. A way-side Cross in 
the Square of Inistioge has the inscrip- 
tion, ' Orate pro animabits Domini 
David Geraldini, dicti Baron de 
Brownsfoord, obiit 14, Apr. 162 \; et 
Joannae Morres.' 

The castle of Brownsford is situate 
over the Nore. In 1537 the Kilkenny 
' Jurye present that the Baron of 
Brownesforde, and his officers doth 
use Blak men, that is to saye, the 
Baron will show the country that he 
hath VIII'"' Gallawglasseis, and require 
wages of them therefor; where of 
truthe he hath not above the number of 
zoo Gallowglassheis, and doth take and 
levye of the country wages for VIII" 
personnes, and so keepeth the residue 
of the money to himself, which 
amounteth to the some of 60 persons 



COUNTIE OF KILKENNY. 



6 9 



Fostor m of Kilseraghe, 
Sir Richard Shee n Knight, 
Sir James Butler Knight, 

wages.' See Annuary, pp. 117, 121, 
and Mr. Prim's Wayside Crosses in 
Kilk.J. of Arch. 

m Gerald Forster. In 1537 R. For- 
stell of Kilferrouthe gent. From a 
pedigree it appears the name was origi- 
nally Forrester, but the name was 
afterwards written Fforstall. The head 
of the family held the manors of Kil- 
feragh and Ballyfrunck by Knight's ser- 
vice from the Crown in capite. Mon- 
sieur Forestall of Paris is believed to 
be the head of the Kilkenny Forstalls 
of Rochestown. 

n Of Upper Court and Cloran ; he 
was descended from O'Seagha, chief of 
Iveragh in Kerry. He was son of 
Robert Shee and Margaret Rothe ; he 
was a member of Gray's Inn, seneschal 
of Irishtown in 1568, in 1576 deputy 
to the E. of Ormonde (lord high trea- 
surer of Ireland), he was knighted in 
1589 ; he died at his castle of Bonnetts- 
town in 1603, and in his will left an 
injunction on his son, Lucas, to build 
an Alms' House, and left his curse on 
any of his descendants who should ever 
attempt to alienate the property pro- 
vided for its maintenance, which con- 
sisted chiefly of impropriate tithes. A 
cross was erected to Sir Richard by his 
wife Dame Margaret Fagan. His son 
Lucas married a sister of Lord Mount- 
garret, and at Freshford there is or was 
a Wayside Cross erected in memory of 



Sir Pierce Butler p Knight, 
and divers more Families 



of 



Lucas and his wife, and the site is 
called in Irish Bun na Croise. 

Colonel Count O'Shee, of the French 
service, is the representative of Sir 
Richard, whose old vellum Cartulary 
he possesses. From Sir Richard's se- 
cond son, Marcus of Sheestown, is de- 
scended J. Power O'Shee, Esq., of 
Sheestown and Gardenmorres. Sir 
Richard's brother, Elias Shee of Cran- 
more was, says Hollingshed, ' a scholar 
of Oxford, of passing wit, a pleasant 
conceited companion, full of mirth 
without gall ;' from him was descended 
Sir G. Shee of Dunmore, co. of Galway. 

Perhaps ' Sir James Oge Butler of 
Slewardaghe.' 

p ' M r - Peers Butler of Old Abbey.' 
Car. Cal. 

Piers Fitz Thomas Butler of Duiske 
Abbey and Lowgrange, illegitimate son 
of the Earl of Ormonde, died in 1601, 
leaving (by his wife, a da. of Lord 
Slane) two sons, Edward, afterwards 
Viscount Galmoy, and Sir Richard 
Butler of Knocktopher. Piers was a 
zealous Catholic, and did his best to 
save Archbishop O'Hurly ; he died in 
1601. In 1697 the third Viscount 
Galmoy was attainted, but James the 
Second created him Earl of Newcastle 
a poor recompense for the broad acres 
which he had lost. See an account of 
Galmoy and his regiment in O'Cal- 
lagharfs Irish Brigades. 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Butlers q Graces/ Shees, Cant- 
wells, 5 Comberfords,' Deanes, 
Archdeacons," Walshes/ 



Roothes, w Archers," Dormers, 
Stronges, which are thought 



q ' Richard B. now sheriff, of Pallis- 
toun.' Car. Cal. From the B. of 
Paulstown came Colonel B. the slayer 
of Wallenstein, and Sir W. Butler who 
defended Kilkenny against Cromwell. 

* There is a ' Grace's Cross ' near 
Bonnetstown, erected by Edward G. 
and his wife Catherine Archer ; he was 
of the family of the Barons of Courts- 
town ; he d. in 1619. Sir J. Grace, 
Baron of Courtstown, died after 1568; 
his tomb is in St. Canice's. 

s ' Of Cantwellstown.' Car. Cal. 
Cantwell's Court is four miles north-east 
of Kilkenny. 

' ' Garret Comerford of Inchiolegan.' 
Car. Cal. The head of the Comer- 
fords was Baron of Danganmore; 
junior members were settled at Ballyr 
mack, Ballybur, Callan and Inchebo- 
loghan Castle; circa 1572 'Thomas C. 
late of Ballymacka, having been in his 
lifetime one of the chiefest conspirators 
and actual dooers in this last rebellion, 
was attainted.' At Danganmore there 
is a Wayside Cross with a Latin in- 
scription, asking prayers for the souls 
of Richard C. and his wife, Domina 
Joanna S t Leger. 

u 'Archdeacon of Bawnmore.' Car. 
Cal. Also A. of Dangan ; they were 
descended from Odo le Ercedekne, 
and hence, when the family waxed 
Irish it took the name of Mac Odo, 
shortened to Cody. Of this family was 



Father Arsdekin, S.J., the celebrated 
Author of the Theologia Tripartita. 

v 'Walsh of Castle Hely and Mr. 
Justice Walshe of Glomemore.' Car. 
Cal. W. of Castlehowell was the head 
of the Kilkenny Walshes or the Bren- 
nachs of the Walsh Mountains. By 
the Kilkenny Jury of 1537 they are 
called Brennach, and Walter B. and 
his sons are presented as exacting 
coyne and livery. Walter W. the head 
of the family died in 1619. 'The 
Walshes are a great sect at the Earl 
of Ormpnd's commandment," says a 
state paper of this time, to which I 
cannot now give a reference. 

w The most distinguished man of 
this family in 1598 was Dr; D. Rothe 
afterwards Bishop of Ossory. 

* In 1597 Thomas Archer was sheriff 
of Kilkenny City; in 1601, Patrick A. 
and in 1603 Martin A. were sheriffs. 
In 1602 John Archer FitzLaurence, 
burgess of the city of Kilkenny, in his 
will mentions his sons William and 
Matthew, and his daughters, to whom 
he leaves his land in fee. In 1605, 
Megge Archer FitzEdward mentions 
her son Jenkan Roth and desires her 
' body to be buried with her husband 
Jenkan Rothe in the Choire of our 
Ladye Chapell Kilkenny.' In 1599 
'the Sovraigne Burgesses and Commons 
demised to Walter Archer FitzArcher 
Esquire, S'- James' Castle, provided he 



COUNTIE OF KILKENNY. 



Thought to be Stranges, y their Armes agreeing with the Stranges 
of Ingl. ; St. Legers, 2 Blanchviles, aa Staffordes, Sweatman, bb Ger- 
aldin, Tobyn, cc Dobyn, Forestall, Crooke, Hullen, Arnold 
White Dalton Smethes Dryling Shortall, dd Wales, Waton Row 



cover the same with oken timber and 
maintain it stiff, strong, staunch and 
tenentable ; but the Soveraigne, etc., 
should have the use of it in time of 
war or danger.' 

y Peter Strong of Dunkit and Ayl- 
wardstown, where the present head of 
the family, Peter Strange, Esq., resides. 

1 The Jury of 1537 present that Lord 
Sleggar charged his tenauntes with 
coyne and livery. In 1549 he is called 
Baron Lyster. S'- Leger (or Slyggar) 
lived at Tullaghanbroge, also a branch 
resided at Ballyfennon ; they were 
called Barons or ' Banrets ' of Slew- 
margie, and by Stanihurst are described 
as 'mere Irish.' Hanmer states that 
Slieve Margie was granted to S'- Leger 
with the title of Baron, and that of late 
years (circa 1598) a gentleman of the 
name dwelling at Danganstown near 
Carlow laid claim to the same, as de- 
scendant of S'- Leger. 

33 Gerald Blancheville of Blanch- 
villestown was Knight of the Shire in 
1584; his son, Sir Edmond B. was 
living in 1616, and was maternally de- 
scended from the Earls of Ormond. 
The Blanchfield living in 1537 is called " 
by the Kilkenny Jury ' lorde Blanche- 
feld.' Sir John Blanchfield Knt. was 
summoned to the war in Scotland in 
the year 1335. 



bb< Sweetman of Castlelyf.' Car. 
Col. 

Sir R. Sweetman was summoned as 
a Baron to Parliament in 1374 ; Ed- 
ward S. of Hoodgrove died in 1616 
seised of a castle in Gowran, a castle 
in Thomastown, etc. The chief seats 
of the S. were Castlereife, and Newtown 
D'Erley. 

William S. of Castellyf in the co. of 
Kilkenny, Gent, tried to persuade Sir 
Edmund Butler to submit to the Go- 
vernment in 1569. By the jury of 
J 537 S. is called 'the lord Sweetman.' 

cc Originally S'- Aubin. They were 
titular Barons of Comsey in the co. of 
Tipperary, a branch seems to have set- 
tled at Ballaghtobin in the co. of Kil- 
kenny. Atinuary, p. 127. 

dd ' Shortall of Ballylorcan, S. of 
Clagh.' Car. Cal. J. Shortalls, 'Lord 
of Ballylorcan,' whose tomb was erected 
in 1507, is buried with his wife Catha- 
rine White in the Cathedral of S' 
Canice. Sir Oliver S. of Ballylorcan, 
and Castle Idough, etc., married the 
widow of N. Shortal of Upper Claragh ; 
he died in 1630. The jury of 1537 
presented that ' the Lorde Shertell 
(written also here Sortall) useth the 
same exaccyons as the Earl of Ossory.' 
The war-cry of the Shortalls was Pucan- 
sac-abo I 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Frayne" Dowley Knaresburghe 

Conway, Baggad, Lancton ff Troddy, Lawles 

Davels Ledwyshe Brenan, gg Swayne, Cormicke hh 

Of these the L. Mountgarrat accompanied with many Butlers, 



ee Frenge, French, Fulke de la 
Freigne was first of the gentlemen of 
the shire summoned to the war of 
Scotland in 1302. The head of the 
F. lived at Ballyreddy where Lord 
Freny died in 1611. Lord de Freyne 
is of this family, being descended from 
Oliver de Freyne who was seneschal of 
Kilkenny in 1336. We find a cross 
at Ballyneale near New Ross, and a 
tomb to Robert Frayne, ' viro vere pio, 
munifico et hospitaJi,' erected by his 
wife Eleanor Geraldine, d, of the Baron 
of Brownsford ; he died in 1643. The 
de F. was usually seneschal or chief 
officer to Ormond. See Mr. Prim's 
Wayside Crosses. 

" In 1598 the Rev. J. Langton was 
one of the vicars choral of St. Canice. 
In the same year Edward L. was sove- 
reign of Kilkenny. Nich. L., Alderman, 
and P. Archer Esq. were members for 
Kilkenny in 1613. Mrs. Peter Grehan, 
of Rutland Square, Dublin, is of this 
family ; her brother, F. Langton, Esq., 
of London, is its representative, 
and also heir and representative 
of the Comerfords, Palatine Barons of 
Danganmore. The Rev. E. Madden 
R. C.C. is also a representative of the 
Langtons and Comerfords, and owns 
the 'great stone house ' of Langton in 
Kilkenny. Alderman Langton, M.P., 
who was born in 1562 and d. 1632, 



had twelve sons and thirteen daughters. 
See Memoirs of the Langtons by Mr. 
Prim in the Kilk. J. of Arch. 

a The following were the septs of 
O'Brenans tire. 1603: 'The sept of 
Gilpatrick O'Brenan of Rathcally which 
are called Clanmoriertagh hath seven 
towns or hamlets ; the sept of Edmund 
O'B. of Kildergan, alias Hokerety, and 
Edmund O'B. of Smithstown, which 
sept are called Clan M c Conill, they 
own four towns and hamlets ; the sept 
of Ffarr M c Donoghoe of Croghfenaly, 
which are called Clanvickelowe, they 
have three towns and hamlets ; the 
sept of Moriertagh M c Donoghoue 
Killy, which are called Clanowly, they 
own KyledonoghoueKilly, and three 
other places.' Rev. James Graves in 
\st Vol. of Kilkenny f. of Arch. 

hh Also 'Lovellof Ballymaka.' Car. 
Cal. There were also Barnabe Bolgyr 
at Bishopscourt, the Cowleys ancestors 
of Wellington, the Grants of Curluddy 
and Ballynabooly, Le Poer of Powers 
Wood ; the Rochfords, whose feudal 
residence was the Black Castle of Kil- 
dare. There was also a family of Gall 
or Gall-Burke of Gallstown, from which 
Dr. O'Donovan, the Irish scholar, was 
sprung. Walter Gall de Burgo ot 
Gallstown was M.P. for Kilkenny 
county in 1560. Of his sons, Walter 
d. in 1642 ; William (Count Gall von 



THE QUENES COUNTIE. 



73 



Graces, and all the youtiger Brethren of Gent of this Countie are 
now in Rebellion he is able to make aboiit 150 Horsemen and 500 
Footemen, they Stop the Passage from Dublin to Mounster which 
lieth through this Countie and do much harm to all the Counties 
adjacent [The lines in italics are Cancelled in the" Original]. 



THE QUENES COUNTIE alias LEASE/ 

This Countie contayneth all the Lands in effect between the 
Water of Barrow and Ormond, including all that did belong to 
Omore Odwine [ODunn] upper Ossyrie and Sleumaghe [als 



Bourckh of the German Empire) d. 
I ^5S j James was slain at Torgau ; 
David was slain at Leipsig in 1631 ; 
Patrick was in the Spanish service, and 
Thomas was living in 1636, in the 
Austrian army, and had a son William 
Walter Gall de Burgo, Count Gall von 
Bourckh of Gerstorf and Holstein. 
See Dr. ODonovaifs Memoir of the 
Gall-Burkes, in the Kilk. J. of Arch. 

u In April 1599, Mountgarret with 
his brother's sons, Richard, James and 
Edward, and followers, are in rebellion 
with the O'Carrolls : their forces 150; 
whereof 20 are horse, besides continual 
assistance from Tyrone, to whose 
daughter Mountgarret married his son. 
Car. Cal., p. 298. 

The English had in Kilkenny 230 
horse under Ormond, Sir J. Lambert, 
Sir Walter Butler, Sir Chr. S'- Law- 
rence, and Captains Fleming and 



Taffe; also 800 foot under Ormond, 
Sir Carew Reynel, Sir H. Follyot, 
Croft, Sheffield and Pinner. Moryson, 

P- 43- 

N.B. Most of these notes on Kil- 
kenny have been put together from the 
Annuary of the Kilk. Arch. Soc., an. 
1868, and from various papers by the 
Rev. J. Graves and J. Prim, Esq., in 
the Kilk. J. of Arch. 
a ' Let us approach Laoighis, 

Brown-haired heroes for whom show- 
ers fall ; 
The great territory of Laoighis of 

slender swords 
Belongs to O'Mordha, bulwark of 

battle, 

Of the golden shield of one colour.' 
O'Huidhrin. 

Laoighis, pronounced Lee-ish, com- 
prised, not the baronies of Upper 
Ossory, Portnahinch, and Tinnahinch, 

K 



74 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Slewmargie]. The Soyle is Fruitful? and Exceeding pleasant, 



but only the northern and eastern 
baronies of Queen's Co. 

' Lease est regiuncula sylvestris et 
uliginosa; primarium oppidum est 
Maryburgh, ubi cum suo Seneschallo 
praesidiarii agunt, qui sese segre defen- 
dunt contra CfMoores (qui se ut anti- 
ques hujus dominos gerunt), Mac-Gil- 
patrick, O'Dempsios et alios, malefica 
et tumultiosa hominum genera, qui ad 
Anglos deturbandos nihil non quotidie 
moliuntur.' Letterpress prefixed to 
Janssotis old Map of Leinster. 

b ' It seemed incredible, that by so 
barbarous inhabitants (as the people of 
Leix) the ground should be so ma- 
nured, the fields so orderly fenced, the 
Townes so frequently inhabited, and 
the high waies and paths so well 
beaten as the Lord Deputy here found 
them the reason whereof was that the 
Qtieene 's forces during these war res never 
till then came among them. His Lord- 
ship staying in Leax till the twenty 
three of August did many waies weaken 
them he fought with them every day 
and as often did beate them our 
Captaines and, by their example (for it 
was otherwise painful) the common 
souldiers did cut down with their 
swords all the Rebels come to the 
value of ten thousand pound and up- 
ward, the only means by which they were 
to live, and to keepe their Bonaghts 
(or hired souldiers).' Morys'on, Ire- 
land anno 1600, p. 77. 

' The Lord Deputy's journey into 



the Queen's Co. in 1600.' Vol. 60 1 of 
CarewMSS. 'Aug. 14. His Lordship 
left Sir J. FitzPiers and Sir H. Follyott 
with 400 men, "to fall into Leix another 
way that night for a prey; Aug. 15. 
Rory M c Rory with 100 Kerne skir- 
mished with them and they got no 
prey. The L. Deputy burned and 
spoiled Keating' s country and the corn 
thereabouts.'" Aug. 16. He sent Sir O. 
Lambert with 600 foot who marched 
through the fastness of Slemarge, spoil- 
ing their plots of corn within the woods, 
burning their towns, with some skir- 
mish in the passes. His Lordship 
coasted along the plain " burning and 
spoiling likewise. At the river there 
were some skirmishes. Aug. 17. En- 
camped at Ferney Abbey. The army 
marching along the valley, the rebels 
coasted along the mountains. Divers 
of them came from the hill waving us 
to them with their swords, and calling 
us, as their manner is, with railing 
speeches." Aug. 1 8 and 19. The army 
passed to Kilgighy in Ossory, " all the 
way we burned all their houses in their 
fastnesses and woods." Aug. 22. We 
spoiled the corn about Teig Fitz- 
Patrick's Castle.' Car. Cat., p. 432. / 

On the 5th of Sep. the Deputy wrote 
to Carew : 'With 800 foot and 100 
horse I entered Leixe, burned and 
spoiled all their towns and cut down 
their corn ; Owny M'Rory wrote to 
the Earl of Ormond desiring him " to 
stay this execrable and abominable 



THE QUENES COUNTIE. 



75 



and hath on the one Side the River Barrow, and through a great 
part thereof the River Newer [Nore] well Sorted with plaines 
and Woods. This Countie being throughlie conquered by the 
Earle of Sussex was planted with a mixed people of Inglysh and 
Irish, and in the tyme of King Phillip and Quene Marie this 
Countrie was called by the name of the Quenes Countie, and the 



course (for so he termed it) of cutting 
down green corn." On our return the 
rebels charging our men hotly were 
beaten back.' Car. Cal. 

Owny declared himself 'outraged by 
the abominable new device of Mount- 
joy, to cut down green corn wherever 
he goes an execrable course and a 
bad example to all the world. The 
English had taught him bad lessons 
before, and as they do not mean to 
give over schooling him in bad actions, 
which he protests he loathes, he de- 
clares he will give over tillage and take 
to living on the tilling of others.' See 
his letter published mKilk. J. of Arch. 

c There is in the KUk. J. of Arch. 
a fac-simile of an ancient map of Leix, 
Ofaly, etc., which was made arc. 1563. 
It excels all other Irish maps in archaeo- 
logical interest it exhibits the huge 
and wide mountains of Slievebloom 
and Slievecomar, the primeval forests, 
as 'the great wood;' the vast heaths 
and morasses as Frugh-more (the great 
heath of Maryborough) and part of the 
bog of Allen ; fort ' Protectour ' (now 
Maryborough) ; the old feudal for- 
tresses of Lea, Geashill, and Dunamase; 
smaller castellated houses of Celtic 
chiefs ; the smaller dwellings of the 



bards, brehons, and physicians ; clus- 
ters of cabins ; considerable monas- 
teries such as Abbey-Leix, Killeigh, 
and Monasterevan ; a sprinkling of 
small churches ; and some evidences 
of an armed settlement as ' Castle 
Cosby,' 'Castle Pigot.' The sylvan 
condition of the land is remarkable ; 
the ' passes ' or rude roads through the 
bogs and these ' backwoods ' of the 
Pale are marked also. Finglas wrote 
in 1529 that among the most dangerous 
passes were ' two passes in Feemore 
(Fiadh-mor or great wood) in O'More's 
country.' In 1548 a pass in Leix was 
described as three miles long through 
a forest of great timber mingled with 
hazel ; and in a state paper we are told 
the Irish ' repute the great woods of 
oak no fastness, but the thyke woods 
of hassel and sallies they take for great 
assurance.' Description of an Ancient 
Map of Leix by H. F. Hore, Esq. 

Leis was divided into seven parts, 
the boundaries of which met at a stone 
called Leac-Riada, on the plain of 
Magh Riada, now Morett ; these re- 
gions were under seven petty kings, 
who were subject to an Arch-King, 
called Righ-Riada, who resided at 
Dunamase. 



7 6 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



chief Towne called Marieborroughe, as the next Countie was 
called by the name of Kings Countie and the chief Towne 
thereof called Phillipstowne. The new planted Inhabitants 
Hath bene so molested continuallie with the multitudes of the 
first Natives thereof, and the Omoores, and especially at this 
present, as that they have in a manner recovered the Countrie 
againe and Expelled all the Inglysh Inhabitants saving 3 or 4 
which contayne themselves within their Castles till they be 
relieved from Ingl. These Omoores was almost extinct, but 
they have increased againe chieflie for lack of good Govern- 
ment, d and due observation of such Orders as were appointed 




d This is unjust to the government 
of Sir H. Sydney, who thus tells us in 
his ' Memoir ' what he did to extinguish 
and extirpe the O' Mores : 'Rory Oge 
O'More was the sonne of another 
Rorye, chief of the O'M, and Captain 
of the country called Leish who mar- 
ried a daughter of the Earl of Ormond 
(and was first cousin of the tenth Earl). 
He called himself O'More. Against 
him in 1578 I advanced, being of 
horsemen and footmen a right good 
force ; but he would not abide me, nor 
I overtake him ; he carried away cap- 
tive, to my heart's grief, my lieutenant, 
Sir Harrie Harrington, my most dear 
sister's son. I made on him as actual 
andcunninga warrens, I could; I besett 
his cabanish dwelling with good sol- 
diers and excellent good executioners ; 
he had within it twenty-six of his best 
men, his wife and his marcial's wief, 
and Cormac O'Connor, an ancient and 
rank rebel of long mentyned in Scot- 
land. All were killed, his wife and all 



his men ; only there escaped himself 
and his marshall called Shane M c Rory 
Reagh, in trouth most miraculously, 
for they crept between the legs of the 
soldiers into the fastness of the plashes 
of trees. The soldiers saved the mar- 
shal's wife.' Sydney. 

As Shane O'Neill was subdued by 
the Scots, Desmond by Ormond, and 
the Kavanaghs by the Butlers, so were 
the O'Mores ruined by their neigh- 
bours and kinsmen, the M c Gillapatricks. 
' M c Gillapatrick, Baron of Upper Ossory, 
my particular sworn brother,' says 
Sydney, ' was the faithfullest man for 
martial action that ever I found of that 
country. He followed O'More with 
great skill and cunning and with much 
or more courage assailed him and made 
the best fight with him that ever I 
heard of between Irishmen. Rory 
was killed by a household servant of 
the Baron's ; his marshall escaped, and 
the rebel's bodye, though dead was so 
well attended and carried away as it 



THE QUENES COUNTIE. 



77 



to the Livetennants thereof by the Earle of Sussex, (To wit) 
that the Freeholders of this Countie, and the King's Countie 
be compelled to keep for their own defence the Horsemen and 
Footmen, which they are bound to keep by their Tenures, which 
if it had been put to Execution without any charge to the 
Quene had bene able to have suppressed any power that the 
Rebells cou'd have raysed against them. The Capten of these 
Omoores at this present is one Orory M c Rorie who is not 
able to make of himself above 160 or 180 Footemen ; e but when- 



was the cause of the death of a good 
many men on both sides ; yet carried 
away it was.' Sydney's Memoirs. 

e When Owny captured Ormond on 
the loth Apr. 1600, 'he had,' says 
Carew, ' 500 foot and 20 horse, the 
best furnished men for the war and the 
best apparelled that we have seen in 
this kingdom, whereof 300 were 
bonaghes.' Carew to Privy Council, 
April 18, 1600. In April 1599, 'Owny 
with the rest of the Moores and their 
followers were 600, of whom 30 are 
horse.' Car. Cal. 

' The best service done at that time 
was the killing of Owny, a bloody and 
bold yong man, who had lately taken 
the Earl of Ormond prisoner and had 
made great stirres in Mounster. He 
was chief of the O' Mores and by his 
death they were so discouraged that 
they never after held up their heads. 
Also a bold bloody rebel Callogh Mac- 
Walter (O'More) was at the same time 
killed.' Moryson. 

' Callogh M c Walter, the most bloody 
rebel in Leinster, was killed in 



helping of Owny ; after the skirmish, 
we heard that Owny, being mortally 
wounded, and fearing his head should 
come into the L. Deputy's hands, had 
willed it to be cut off and buried after 
his death, and he appointed Owny 
M c Shane to be O'Moore.' 'L. Mount- 
joy's Journey.' Car. Cal. ' Uaitne, son 
of Rury Oge, son of Rury Caoch 
O'Moore, an illustrious, renowned and 
celebrated gentleman, by right the sole 
heir to his territory, had wrested the 
government of his patrimony by the 
prowess of his hand and the resolute- 
ness of his heart from the hands of 
foreigners, brought it under his own 
sway, and under the government of his 
stewards and bonnaghts according to 
Irish usage, so that there was not a vil- 
lage from one extremity of his patri- 
mony to the other which he had not in 
his possession except Port-Leix alone.' 
Four Masters. According to Dym- 
mok, p. 32, 'Owny challenged Essex 
to fight 50 of his with 50 of ours with 
sworde and target which was consented 
to by the L. Lieutenant; but Owny 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



soever he intendeth any Robberie or Spoyle he is assisted 
partlie with his Neighbours of the King's Countie the Oconnors 
partlie by Phelim MFeughe whose coosen germaine he is, and 
partlie by Capten Tyrrell who is readie with his Companie to 
assist ether the Omoores or the Oconnors or the Omelaghlanes 
for in any Sudden and present exployt. This Countie is bounded 
with the Countie of Kilkenny to the South, with Tipperairie to 
the West, with the Kings Countie and the mountaynes of 
Slewblowe to the North, and the River Barrow to the East. 
It is governed by S r Vaughan S' Leger who hath a commission 
of Lieutenancy for the Countie. The chief Towne whereof is 
Marieborrow ruled by a Portrise, and wherein is a Fort garded 
with 150 Footmen or Sometymes 200, as need requireth, and 
some few Horsemen. 



The chef Castles : f 



The Quene's Fort 

The Shyan 

The Abbey of Lease 

Stradbellie 

Pallace 



Dunas 

Blackfort 

Baleclockan 

Disert 

Balliadams 



Principal 
Irysh Gentlemen : g 



Sir Henrie Power Lieutenant and 
constable of the Fort 



never came to perform it.' See about 
his fight with Essex at the Pass of the 
Phimes in O'Sullivan Beare's Historia 
Cat/i. 

1 ' Master Hartpol, M r - Bowen and 
M r - Pygot were the only English in- 
habitants, by whom and some others 
certaine castles were kept for the 
Queen, besides the Fort of Maria- 
borough kept by the Queen's Garrison.' 



' The English foote at Leax and the 
Barow side were Sir Warham S'- Leger 
150 f., Sir F. Rush 150, Captaine John 
Fitz-Piers 150, and M r - Hartpoole 10.' 
Moryson. 

K Cosby (?) at Stradbally ; Cosby at 
Castle Dirrhy ; Harpoole of Coolbane- 
ghar, he is constable of Catherlagh 
Castle ; Bowen of BallyAdams ; Ed- 
ward Brierton of Laghtiog ; Pigotts of 



THE QUENES COUNTIE. 



79 



Alexander Cosbie 

William Harpole 

Robert Bowen 

Bruerton 

Rob' Piggot of the desert 

Young Davels 

Barrington h 

Freeholders of the [ ] of Ireland 

The Earle of Kildare 
The Barron of upper Ossyrrie' 
Pierce Butler Brother to the Earle of Ormond 
O Dunne k 

Bryan M c Calloghe M c Donell,' and many other inferior Free- 
holders. 



Dysart ; John Barrington of Cowlniagh. 
Earl of Kildare at Moyrit and Tymog; 
Hovendon at Taukardstowne, Hether- 
ington at Tully, Sir Thos. Colclough 
of Ballyknockan, Loftus of Tymoghoe, 
Whytney of Shyan, Hugh Boy Clan 
Donnell of Tenne-Killeh ; Edmund 
MacDonell of Rhahin, Tirence 
O'Dempsey of Ballybrittas. Car. Cal., 
p. 191. 

h In fighting with the O'Mores there 
fell, ithe son of Captain John Barring- 
ton, 2 Joseph Barrington, 3 Thomas 
Lighe, second husband of Mrs. Barring- 
ton. 

1 Florence FitzPatrick or Fineen 
MacGillapatrick, son of Brian, the first 
Baron. He and his father mainly con- 
tributed to ruin the O'Mores ; but his 
son Teig was opposed to the English. 



-See Car. Cal. year 1600. O'Dugan 
says, ' MacGillapatric of the fine seat, 
noble fairfaced is the tribe of the resi- 
dence of the head chieftain.' Lord 
Castletown is descended of this family. 
k ' Over Ui-Rigan of heavy routs, 

A vigorous tribe who conquer in 
battle, 

Is O'Duinn, chief of demolition, 

Hero of the golden battle spears.' 
O'Huidhrin. 

Iregan is co-extensive with the 
barony of Tinnahinch. General Fran- 
cis Dunn, M.P., is the head of the 
O'Dunnes of Iregan. 

1 ' This county of Leax, lately all 
English is now usurped by O'More and 
all the sept of the O'Mores, and the 
chiefe of the galloglasses in that 
county of the sept of MacDonnell, 



8o 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Ancient endwellers 

The whole race of the Omoores were excluded from having 
residence here by act of Parliament An 2 Phill. & maria. 






the sept of O'Dempsies (except Sir 
Terence O'Dempsey), the sept of 
O'Doyne, except Teig Oge O'Doyne.' 
Moryson. 

In Nos. 5 and 6 of the Ulster J. of 
Arch, there are interesting accounts of 
the McDonnells of Tennekille Castle 
by J. Huband Smith, Esq., and by 
Sir Erasmus Burrowes, Bart. From 
them we extract the following details : 
The Castle of Tennekille (teach no. 
coille or house of the wood) was built 
arc. 1450; it is remarkable for its 
skilful design, groined ceiling, and fin- 
ished execution ; a few patriarchs of 
the forest still remain, venerable com- 
panions of the old keep. In 1578 an 
agreement was entered into between 
the L. Deputy and 'the three chiefe 
Captains of the three septs of Clan- 
donnells of Leinster, her Majesty's 
Galloglas, viz. Turlogh Oge M c Alex- 
ander of Wicklow, M c Edmund M c Don- 
nell of Rahin and Hugh Boy M c Don- 
nell of Tennekille.' It was agreed 
that ' In consideration of the auntient 
and continued fydelytie, loyaltye and 
true service of the Capitaynes, gent and 
septs of the said Clandonnills, the 
Bonaghts dead payes, and black-mail, 
heretofore levied, shall be commuted 
into a yearly pencon of .300 to be 
paid out of her Majesty's exchequer, 
unto th' ands of the said three chief 
captains Provided that henceforth 
none of the said Capitaynes . . . shall 



use weapon or armor in serving of any 
other but her Majesty,' etc. Sir E. 
Burrowes in Ulster J. of Arch. 

About this time 1598 the castles and 
towns of Rahin and Derry, belonging 
to M c Edmund M c Donnell of Queen's 
Co., were forfeited and given to Sir R. 
Greame. In 1631 James M C D. got a 
patent of his estates of Tennekille in- 
cluding 30 townlands ; but was obliged 
to agree that 'his sons and servants 
shall use English dress and language, 
and he and they and all the males 
under their controul between the ages of 
1 6 and 60 shall present themselves every 
year before the constable of Mary- 
borough and get their names inscribed.' 
In 1641 James M C D. of Tenekille was 
a Confederate colonel.' J. Huband 
Smith. The M c Donnells are still found 
about Strahard and Portarlington, but 
as peasants and blacksmiths on the 
lands of their galloglas ancestors. 
J. M c Grady in No. 7 Ulst. J. of Arch. 

The seven septs of Leix were the 
the O'Mores, O'Kellys, O'Lalors, 
O'Devoys, M c Evoys, O'Dorans, and 
O'Dowlings. See an account of them 
in O 'Byrne's History of Queen's County. 
From Ruary O'More, Prince of Leix in 
1555, is descended the Right Hon. R. 
More-O'Ferrall of Balyna. 

The names Cosby, Bowen, Fitz- 
Patrick, Butler, Dunne, and Lalor are 
still among the ' County Families.' 
See Walford. 



THE KING S COUNTIE. 



Si 



THE KING'S COUNTIE. 

The Countie being in tymes past called Offaly a was inhabited 
by the O'Connors, a wicked and Rebellious people, which for / 
their sundrie Rebellions were by the Earle of Sussex in the 
tyme of Quene Marie banished and disinherited, their Countrie 
converted into Shyre ground and called the King's Countie, b 
and the chief Towne thereof called Phillipstowne appointed to 
be ruled by a portrise as Marieborroughe. 

This Shyre contayneth all the Land between the Countie of 
Kildare and the River of Sheynen including all the Clonmillier 
or O'Dempsies Countrie on both sides of the Barrow also Galline 



a ' King's County consisteth of Offaly 
lately possessed by the O'Connors ; 
Fercal of the O'Meloyes ; Moynter- 
tagan or Foxe's cuntrie possessed by 
the Foxes ; Delvin M c Coghlan of the 
M c Coghlans ; and that parcel of Glen- 
maliry possessed by the O'Demsies.' 
Endorsement on Ancient Map of Idrone 
in the Rolls' House, London. 

There is as much of O'Faley in 
Queen's Co. as in the King's Co. ; and 
the baronies of Garrycastle, Bally- 
cowan. Fercal, Clonlish and Ballybritt 
were never included in O'Faley. 

Ui-Failghe, i.e., the descendants of 
Failghe, eldest son of Cathaoir Mor, in- 
habited originally the baronies of East 
and West Offaly in Kildare, of Portna- 
hinch and Tinnahinch in Queen's Co., 
and that part of King's Co. comprised 
in the diocese of Kildare and Leighlin. 



The O'Conors were chiefs of this terri- 
tory till the reign of Philip and Mary, 
when they were dispossessed, and then 
the O'Dempsies became the most pow- 
erful families till the Revolution in 1688. 
Note to Irish Topographical Poem. 
The 'Lords of Offaly, the land of 
Cattle, are not unknown to the poets, 
they spend their lands on knowledge ; 
O'Conor is the hero of the plain, on the 
green round hill of Cruachan.' Top. 
Poem. 

b ' O'Connor of Ofaly was the scourge 
of the Englishry,' from whose rich do- 
mains in Meath he levied a 'black' 
rent equivalent to ^10,000 a year (i.e., 
^300 at that time). His territory was 
' the gall of the Pale,' ' the doore 
whereby myche warre and myschyff 
entered emong the subjects.' Irish 
Archceol. Miscellany. 

L 



82 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



and ferecall, or Omeloyes Countrie the Shenaughe or O'Foxes 
Countrie and Delvin M c Coghlane commonlie called M c Coghlanes 
Countrie to the brink of the Sheynen nere Myllick. So it is 
bounded East with the Countie of Kildare, West with the 
Sheynen and with Westmeath, South with the Quenes Countie 
and Slewblow and Elie or O'Carrells Countrie, and North with 
Meath there is no Towne in it but Phillipstowne. 



Principall Castles 



Chief Gent? 



The Fort called Dingan in Phillipstoune, 
Croughan belonging to S r Thomas Moore, 
Balliburlie, belonging to S r George Cowlie, 
Baliburtane belonging to S r Henrie 

Warren, Munster-Oris, 
Castlejordan, 
Eden Durick belonging to S r Edw. 

Harbert. 

The Earle of Kildare, 
S r George Bouchier, \ 
S r Edward Moore, Con- 
stable of the Fort, 
S r Henrie Warren, \ Knights. 

S r Thomas Moore, 
S r George Cowley, 
S r Edward Herbert, 
Capten Brabazon's Sonnes, 
Sanchie, 
Tyrrell, 



c Sir Henry Warren at Ballybrittan j 
Sir Thomas Moore at Croghan ; Sir 
George Colly at Edenderrie ; Sir Edw. 
Herbert at Dorrown ; Nicholas Sanky ; 



Sir John Tirrell at Blacklowne ; Francis 
Herbert at Monaster-Orys ; Thomas 
Wakeley at Bally burley.' CVm Cal. 
an. 1596. 



THE KING S COUNTIE. 



Of the Irysh Freeholders : d 

Gerrot Fitzgerrald, 

Thomas Fitzgerrald, 

the Sonnes of Neall M c Geogaghan, e 

M c Coyhlan f and his sept, 

Omoloy 8 and his sept, 



* Garret FitzGerald at Corbetstown ; 
Redmond Og FitzG. at Clownebolche ; 
W m - FitzG. at Geishell ; John Raynolds 
at Cloyduff; Barnaby Connor at Derry- 
mollin. Car. Cal. 

c Mageoghegan's country of Kinalea 
(Cinel-Fiachacft) originally extended 
from Birr in King's Co. to Uisnech in 
Westmeath ; but subsequently the 
O'Molloys, a junior branch of the 
Cinal-Fiachach, asserted their sway 
over the southern portion. Mageo- 
ghan's territory was co-extensive with 
the barony of Moycashel. Of this race 
were R. Mageoghegan, the heroic de- 
fender of Dunboy in 1602, Connell M. 
of Lismoyny, who translated the Annals 
of Clonmacnoise in 1627, and the Abbe" 
M. who wrote the Histoire (Tlrlande. 
Sir R. Nagle inherited the property of 
the last chieftain, from whom he was 
maternally descended. O'D. Note to 
Top. Poem. 

' The manly sept, the illustrious 
Clan Geoghagan, host of the girdles, 
comely theii complexion.' ffDugan. 

1 ' John MacCoghlan of Coghlan.' 
Car. Cal. 

' MacCochlan whose children are 
beauteous to behold, King of Dealbhna- 
Eathra.' O'Dugan. His territory com- 



prised the present barony of Garrycastle, 
except the parish of Lusmagh. The 
family retained their territory till this 
century when they were succeeded by 
the O'Dalys and Armstrongs, who are 
descended maternally from the Mac- 
Cochlans. Mr. Coghlan of Castkbar 
is head of one of the most respectable 
families of this stock. O' Donovan's 
Notes to O' Daly's Tribes of Ireland. 
About 1249 Conor M c Coghlan of the 
Castles was 'a great destroyer of the 
English.' 

E ' Connell O'Moloy of Ralyhen' 
Car. Cal. CPMolloy's territory com- 
prised the baronies of Fircal .or Eglish, 
Ballycown and Ballyboy. ' O'Mulloy 
King of Feara-Ceall of ancient swords, 
noble the surname ; every sword was 
tried by him.' The head of the sept 
in 1588 was Connell son of Caher, 
whose grandson was Chief in 1677. 
D. Molloy, Esq., of Clonbela, Birr, 
is supposed to be the present repre- 
sentative of the family. C? Donovan. 

'When Calais was taken, I during 
the Christmas holidays upon a sudden 
invaded Fyrcal, or O'Molloys country, 
burned and wasted the same ; on my 
return was fought with by the O'Conors, 
O'Mores, and O'Molloy, and the people 



84 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Odempsie' 1 and his sept, 
OFoxe' and his sept, 



of Mackgochigan, albeit he was 
with me in person in that skirmish ; 
I received in a freize jerkin (though 
armed under it) four or five Irish ar- 
rows. ' Lord Deputy Sydney's Memoir. 

' On the loth of March 1596, my 
Lord Deputy (Russell) went from 
Durrough to Rathmagolduld (Tege 
O'Molloyes). The chief of the O'M. 
with other gentlemen and some kerne 
met my Lord and declared that the 
Scots were burning the country within 
view. His Lordship sent 100 shot 
with certaine kerne under the guiding 
of O'Moloy, and assisted by M c Goghlin 
they fell upon the Scots at break of 
day and slew 140 of them, others being 
drowned.'- Russell's Journal, Car. Cal, 

O'Molloy O'Maolmuidh (Conal son 
ofCahir) died in the spring of 1599, 
and his son Calvach took his place, 
being appointed by the Queen. Some 
of the gentlemen of his tribe contended 
with him for that name, according to 
the Irish law of tanistic succession. 
four Masters. 

h ' Noble the degree of their race, 
a smooth plain this sept have defended, 
the land is hereditary to O'Diomosaigh.' 
OHuidhrin. Their land of Clann 
Maoilughra, or Clanmaliere, embraced 
the baronies Portnahinch in Queen's 
Co., and of Upper Philipstown in 
King's Co. Their chief was ennobled 
by Charles I. ' There was a Terence 
Dempsy of Clonegawny ;' also a Sir Ter- 



ence O'Dempsye lived at Ballybrittas ; 
the Earl of Ormond was imprisoned in 
his castle by O'More in 1600. Gla- 
shane O'D. and Lisagh O'D. with the 
rest of the O'Dempsies were in actual 
rebellion in 1599. Car. Cal. 

' ' Hubart Fox of Lehinche.' Car. 
Cal. The Foxes or Sinnachs were 
' O'Caharny's, Kings of Teffia the 
brown oaks of the valleys, the protection 
and bounty of Erin, of whom robbers 
were afraid.' O'Dugan. The Foxes 
owned Muinter Tadhgain, which be- 
came the barony of Kilcoursey. Darcy 
Fox of Foxville, in Co. Meath, is be- 
lieved to be the head of this clan. 
Fox of Foxhall in Longford is of this 
family, and is descended from Sir 
Patrick Fox, Clerk of the Privy Council 
of Dublin from 1588 to 1610. 

The following extract from a Patent 
Roll shows the extent and sub- 
division of Fox's country in 1598 : 
' Hubert Foxe of Lahinchie Barony 
Kilcoursie, alias the Foxe his countrie, 
Gent., commonly called The Foxe, 
chief of his name, by deed dated i May 
1599 surrendered to the Queen all his 
estate temporal and spiritual within the 
whole barony and territory of Kil- 
courcie, with intent that her Maty 
should regrant the same to him in tail 
male. Wherefore from Richmond, Jan. 
29, 1599, her Maty granted the same 
to him and his heirs male, remainder 
to his nephew Brissel F. son of his 



THE RING'S COUNTIE. 85 

The old Inhabitants, O'Connors," was by act of Parliament 



brother Arte, to his uncle Owen F. of 
Lissinuskie, to Phelim F. of Tolghan 
ne Brenny, to Brissel F. of Kilmaledie> 
son of Neil F. who died lately in the 
Queen's service, with power to keep a 
Court Baron and a Court Leet, hereby 
appointing him Seneschal of that 
Barony.' Irifh Arch. Misc., Vol I. 

n 'The O'Conors Faly, namely the 
descendants of Brian, the son of Cahir, 
son of Con, son of Calvagh, were for 
three or four years in the Irish Con- 
federation up, to this time (1600). 
During this period they took and de- 
stroyed the most of the castles of Offaly, 
and indeed all except Dangan (Philips- 
town) and a few others. About Lam- 
mas this year 1600 the L, Deputy came 
into Offaly with scythes and sickles, 
and destroyed or reaped the ripe and 
unripe crops ; the consequence of this 
was that the inhabitants fled to Ulster 
and other territories, where they re- 
mained to the end of the year.' Four 
Masters, an. 1600. 

' Henry Cooley, seneschal of the 
county with other English freeholders 
are sore pressed by the O'Conors, of 
whom Cormac O'Conor is chief, and 
by the Clandonnell Galliglasses, a 
naughty race and disposed to rebellion.' 
State Paper. 

' Nugent of Dysert, M.P. for West- 
meath in 1585, m. a dau. of the Great 
O'Conor Offaley.' Lodge. 

' Shortly after the arrival of Essex the 
O'Connors slew 500 English horsemen 



and wounded their commander.' Lorn* 
bard, p. 417. About the same time 
Cahir Murtagh and John O'Conor of 
Offaly, with a hundred footmen took 
by assault the castle of Cruochan, which 
was defended by Sir Thomas More and 
Lifford all the garrison was slain. The 
words of O'Sullivan are : ' Cathirius, 
Mauritius et Joannes O'Conchures Ip- 
halii equites cum centum peditibus, 
improvise, scalis altissimis admotis 
Cruochanum castellum, quod in Iphalia 
principatu Thomas Morus eques Aura^ 
tus et Liffirdus, Angli prassidio tenebant, 
ascendunt, et propugnatoribus occisis 
expugnant' O'Sullivan. Lib. v. cap. 
8. Hist. Cath. 

When Essex was in Offaly in 1599, 
Captain William Williams sallied forth 
from Philipstown with ' 300 men to 
recover a pray taken that morning by 
the rebels, lost 60 of his men, which 
fell improvidently between three ene- 
mies ambuscados.' 'A porcion of 
Offaly, called Fercal, is so strong as 
nature could devise to make it by wood 
and bogge, hence it was a storehouse 
for prays. Essex with 1200 foote and 
200 horse went from Derrow to Bally- 
cowen, where Sir Conyers Clifford, 
Governor of Connaught, arrived with 9 
companies of foote. Sir Conyers 
Clifford was sore fought with at the 
entrance into Fercall, and had 10 men 
slayne and 40 hurte, which losse was 
doubled upon the rebel by the virtue 
of our men and specially of Sir Griffin 



86 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598, 

debarred from having Frehold here. There was a tyme of late 
when this Countie governed by a Livetenant S r George 
Bowchier grew wealthie and was verie quiet, both because it is 
by nature strong, and few passages, and those well garded ; as 
also because the Inhabitants have better united in good Will 
one to another, and have better observed the Constitutions 
appointed unto them, than their Neighbors of Lease besides 
they were in the beginning of her Majesties raigne verie well 
quieted with a prosecution which the old Earle of Kildare made 
upon the O'Connors who in manner did wholly extirpe them. 
But since the last Rebellion the O'Connors have from all 
quarters gathered themselves together againe to recover their 
ancient possessions, which in a Sort they have done, for they 
have ether banished the most of the Inglysh that dwelt in that 
Countrie, or else constreyned them to keep within their Castles, 
and albeit there are 40 knowen to be of the race of the O'Connors, 
yet at this present they lead of themselves their followers, and 
Strangers almost 400. They are not yet agreed who shall be 
the chief; 4 men contending for it Moretoghe oge, Shane Glasse, 
Donoghe Pope, and 

O'Foxe and O'Dempsie themselves kepe in but most of their 
friends and followers be in rebellion. 

Markham. In the morning Essex sent years continuously in this country ; no 

into the woods 1000 choice men under counties were more dearly purchased 

Sir John MacCoughlin, Sir Theobald by the English than the King's and 

Dillon, and Sir C. S" Lawrence, and Queen's Counties. Even the occasional 

his Lordship with the rest of the horse notices of the battles of the O'Mores 

and foot took up the fittest places to and O'Conors for these two counties 

second them ; there was great slaughter would supply the poet or historian with 

of the rebels.' Dymmok. one of the most thrilling episodes in 

' The O'Conors, Princes of Ofaly and Irish history.' Rev. M. Kelly's Note to 

the O'Mores princes of Leix waged war O 1 Sullivan's Hist., p. 88. 

on the English for more than sixty ' The O'Conors, O'Mollyes and 



THE KING S COUNTIE. Qj 

Nere unto this Countie is the Countie of Elie or O'carroll's 1 " 
Countrie, which the Earles of Ormond have of long tyme chal- 
lenged to have belonged to their Countie Palatine of Tipperarie ; 
but by reason of the great dessention that have bene betwixt 
the Hous of Ormond and the OCarrell's, they wou'd never yeald 
to be of that Countie. This S r Charles O'Carrell's q Father did 



O'donners had 468 f. and 12 h. The 
English foote in Offaly are Sir H. Cooly 
20 f. Sir H. Warren 100 f. Sir Edward 
FitzGerald 100 f. Sir George Cooly 
200 ; Sir G. Boucher 100 f. at Philips- 
town.' Moryson, p. 43. 

' Lords to whom the nut-trees bend 
Are the Munitir-CearolI of Biorra's plain 
King of Ely to sweet Bladhma, 
The most hospitable mansion in Erin. 
Eight cantreds, eight chieftains east 
Under the King of Ely of the land of cattle, 
Brave the host gathering a prey, 
The host of yellow curling hair.' 

Top. Poem. 

In 1598 Ely comprised only the 
baronies of Clonlisk and Ballybritt. 
The freeholders of Sir W. O'Carroll in 
1576 were O'Flanagan, M c Corcran, 
O'Hagan, O'Dooly, M c Gilfoyle, and 
O'Banan. ff Donovan's Notes to Top. 
Poem. 

"Sir Charles O'Carroll, was third 
son, considered illegitimate, of Sir 
William O'C. chief of Ely O'Carroll in 
the present King's County. In 1582 
he succeeded his brother John, who 
. was murdered by his kinsman Mulrony 
O'C. ; in 1585 he attended the Dublin 
Parliament, and in 1588 was Knighted ; 
in 1598 he committed an act of 
treachery towards some Ulster soldiers 



in his service. The Four Masters say : 
' Some gentlemen of the MacMahons 
with one hundred soldiers were hired 
by O'Carroll (Calvach, son of William 
Owen, son of Ferganainm) in the spring 
of this year ; and, at the time that their 
wages should be given them, O'C. with 
his people went to them by night and 
slew them on their beds and in their 
lodging houses. He hanged some of 
them from trees, but the party of one 
village made their escape. The evil 
fate deserved by that wicked deed 
befell Ely; for (in Hugh O'Neill's 
march southwards) nothing was left in 
it but ashes instead of corn, and embers 
in place of its mansions. Great num- 
bers of their men, women, sons and 
daughters were left in a dying state, 
and some gentlemen of his own tribe 
were left in opposition to O'Carroll in 
the territory.' O'Carroll's territory 
comprised the baronies of Clonlisk and 
Ballybritt. The present chief of the 
family is unknown ; the senior branch 
removed to America in Cromwell's 
time, and the head of that was grand- 
father of the late Marchioness of 
Wellesley. There is a letter of this 
' Ch. O'Carroulle' from 'my chamber 
at London this present Monday, 1595.' 



88 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



yeald himself to be under the Government of the Inglyshe, and 
namelie under the Government of the livetenant of the Kings 
Countie. But this O'Carrell having committed a Slaughter 
upon 3 of the Earle of Ormond's friends, and being summoned 
to abyde a Jurie in the Countie Palatyne of Tipperarie, obtayned 
by Letters from the Quene, that he should be tried by the 
Inhabitants of the Countie of Louth, which is a Countie farr 
distant from him. This S r Charles O'Carrell hath continued 
his duetifull obedience to the Quene/ notwithstanding that his 



It is 'A brief note of territories sub- 
tracted and concealed from her Majesty 
by the Erie of Ormond.' They were 
Dow Arra the contre of MacBrien 
Arra, O'Mulrian's is contre ; Keelan a 
longforta or Shane Glasse is contre ; 
Dow o Loyaghe or Mac Walter is contre; 
Murkrybyry improperly and usurpedly 
called Heither Ormond,' i.e., Upper 
and Lower Ormond. Slate Paper 
Office. 

'The Queen to the L. Deputy in 
1595 'Whereas there is an indictment 
presented in the Co. Tipperary for a 
slaughter of some of the Cantwells by 
Sir C. O'Caroll the said Sir Charles has 
made complaint that the loss of his 
life is intended by means of that in- 
dictment laid in Tipperary, where he 
is mortally hated in regard of divers 
spoils between his country of Elye and 
the County Palatine ; the trial is to 
be suspended until the difference of 
title betwixt the Earl of Ormond and 
Sir C. O'Caroll be determined whether 
Elye be in the co. Tipperary or not.' 

On the aoth of July, 1600, Carew 



writes : ' No hour passeth within this 
Kingdom but some place or other pro- 
duceth slaughters. This last week Sir 
Ch. O'Carroll (a good servant of her 
Majesty's) was murdered by one of his 
kinsmen. Four of the O'Carrolls are 
in competition for the lordship of that 
country. Before this case be decided 
it will cost much blood ; but therein 
the State is nothing indemnified,' 

The Four Masters thus speak of 
O'Carroll's death : ' O'Carroll, i.e., Cal- 
vach, the son of William Odhar, son of 
Ferganainm, son of Maolruny was killed 
in July by some petty gentlemen of the 
O'Carrolls and O'Meaghers. This 
Calvach was a fierce and protecting 
man, a strong arm against his English 
and Irish neighbours, and a knight in 
title and honour by authority of the 
Sovereign.' 

There was a Cian O'C. living at this 
time, who is savagely satirized by 
O'Daly in verses which begin thus : 
' Cian O'Caroll and his spouse are a 
pair that never forgot inhospitality.' 
As O'Daly seems to have been em- 



MEATH. 89 

Countrie hath bene often Spoyled by the Enimie, and himself 
much Solicited and partlie threatned to enter into Rebellion. 
This Countie of Elie or O'Carrells Countrie is bounded with 
Ossory and a part of the Quens Countie to the South, with 
Ormond to the West with Delvyn M c coghlan to the North, and 
with the Mountayne of Shewblowne and a part of Fercall to the 
East, It hath Castles of some importance divers but the chief is 
Limevadie. 5 



MEATH. 

This Countie hath his name of Medium the Middle part 3 and 
contayneth properly but one Shyre under the name of Meath, 
being in the beginning a portion appointed for the Kings 
Demeasnes but long since divided into many barronies and 
Counties, and now latelie in the tyme of King Henrie the 8 th 
made Two Townes [Counties] East Meath and West meath. 
And because 2 Iryshe Countries adjoining to these Shyres the 
one belonging to the O'Reillies and the other to the O'Ferralls 
be nowe converted to Shyre Grounde by the names of the 
Countie of Cavan and Longforde, it is not amiss b to lay these 



ployed by the English to put calumnies of the Realme, called thereof Media.' 

in verse, his word could not injure Campion. 

Cian's character. The Irish name is Midhe. The great 

" Limwaddon. Dymmok. 'AtBally- plain of Meath was called MaghBreagh, 

more and O'CarrolFs countrie the or the Magnificent Plain; it included 

Queen hath under Captaine Shane most of the present counties of Meath 

100 f., Capt. Lister 100 f., Sir Charles and Dublin. 
O'Carroll 100 foote.' Moryson, p. 43. b Keating says that the ancient King- 

a ' A fifth plot defalked from every dom of Meath comprised the present 

fourth part, lying together in the heart counties of Meath and Westmeath, 

M 



90 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Two to East meath and West meath and so to contayne them 
all four in this middle province, albeit by some these 2 last 
Countries hath bene esteemed part of Ulster. 



EAST MEATH.' 

This Countie contayneth all the Land betweene Balerotherie 
in the Countie of Dublin and the river of Boyne near Drogheda, 
and then not farr from Drogheda extendeth itself over the 
River and contayneth all the Land to the Border of Cavan and 
to the half Barone of Foore and from thence in breadth to the 
King's Countie and the Countie of Kildare. So hath it the Sea 
to the East, the Countie of Cavan to the West, Westmeath and 
the King's Countie to the South and South west, and the Countie 
of Louth to the North. It is in all Cesses and impositions 
double rated to any other Countie. d 



and parts of Dublin, Kildare, King's 
County, Longford, Brefney and Orgial. 
c ' The ancient manuscripts are very 
rich in topographical descriptions of 
this district, and one of our oldest 
coins is that of Aedh King of Meath. 
In it were four palaces of note in 
ancient times Tara on the Boyne, 
Tailten on the Blackwater, Tlachta on 
the Hill of Ward, and Uisneach in 
Westmeath. In its bogs are remains 
of oxen, which for beauty of head and 
horn might vie with the finest modern 
improved breeds of England. The 
peasantry are handsome, well made, 
stout and healthy. The Meathmen 
were very Irish in the last century, 
used to boast that they spoke better 



Irish, had more poets, minstrels and 
men of genius, and had more energy 
than" the boors of Leinster, whom 
they always defeated at hurling, box- 
ing, wrestling and other athletic exer- 
cises.' Sir W. Wilde's 'Boyne; pp. 
13, IS, 1 6. 

d In 1515 it was ' ordered that every 
village and town in the barony of Kells, 
that lay within six miles of the Wylde 
Iryshe, be dycheyed, and hegeyed 
strongly about the gates, of tymbre, 
after the manner of the Co. of Kildare 
for dredde of fyre of their enymyes.' 

In 1478, the Parliament of Dro- 
gheda, decreed at the prayer of A. 
Tuite gentleman That, ' Whereas 
there is an open road for the Irish 



EAST MEATH. 



It hath Townes 



Drogheda 
Aboy [Athboy] 
Kelles 
Trim 6 



Walled. 



Navan 
Dowlick 



| market Townes/ 



enemies of the King between Rath- 
connyll and Queylan to enter Meath 
for the destruction thereof, a trench be 
made a mile in length.' Again in 1480 
at Naas a Parliament decreed ' That 
it is very necessary for the safeguard 
of the King's subjects of his County of 
Meath, that a tower or pile of the 
new fashion should be built on the 
extreme frontier of the old march, 
not only in resistance of O'Conchie 
[O'Connor] but also for the chastise- 
ment of the Berminghams.' 

e In 1584 Draper, Parson of Trim, 
writes to Burghley to urge the erection 
of a University or at least a grammar 
school in Trim. He says 'It is in 
a most fresh and wholesome ayre, full 
of very fayre Castles and stone houses, 
and hath in it five fair streets and the 
fairest and most stately Castle in Ire- 
land. The Abbey and friary will be 
easily bought of the owner Edw. Cu- 
sack of Lesmollen ; your suppliant will 
freely give a Friary having stanche 
walls with a pleasant backside. 

The country round aboute is very 
fruitful of corn and cattle yeldinge be- 
sides plentifull store of firewood and 
turfe a very good and sweet fewel. 



Lastly the town is in the myddest of 
the English Pale and well and strongly 
walled about; a thing that will draw 
learned men and be great safety to the 
whole company of studentes ; for your 
Honor knoweth wheresoever the Uni- 
versity be founded, the town must of 
necessitie have a good wall, else will 
no learned men go from hence, or any 
other place thither, neither they of the 
country send their sons to any place 
that is not defensible and safe from the 
invasion of the Irishe.' Dean Butler's 
'Trim,' p. 290. 

'The Members for Meath in 1585 
were R. Barnwall of Crickstown and 
J. Netterville of Dowth; in 1613 Hus- 
sey, Baron of Galtrim and Barnwall of 
Robertstown. The Members for Trim 
in 1585 were Hamon and Guyre, in 
1613 Sir T. Ashe, and Sir Roger Jones; 
the Members for Athboy in 1585 were 
Browne and Ferrell of Athboy ; and 
in 1613 Moore and Browne, gents, of 
Athboy. 

The Members for Kells in 1585 
Fleming of Stevenston, N. Daxe, and 
P. Plunket of Kells; in 1613 O. Plun- 
ket and G. Balfe gents., of Kells. 

Members for Navan in 1585 Wakely 



9 2 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



// hath many 

Trim, the Queries, 

Killynee [Kyllyne] the Lords 

of it, 

Dunsany the Lords of it, 
Trivleston [Trimleston] the 

Lords of it, 
Rathmore, 
Meylaughe, 
Moygare, 
Newcastle, 

Castle-towne of Athboy, 
Jesucellin, 

Ardmollan to [ ] 
Bedlowston to S r To. Bedlow, 
Stackallan, 
Slane the Lords of it, 
Moymet to Ja. Dillon, 
Balldungan to the L. of Hoth 
Galtrim to the Baron of it, 



Statelie Castles 
Castle Jordan to M r - Gifford 8 
Arbracan to the Bishop of 

Meath, 
Cutmollen, 
Dullerston, 
Gillranston, 
Gormanston to the Viscount 

thereof, 
Colpe, 
Murmudeye, 

Flatten to M r - Darsey [Darcey], 
Dunmore, 
Beste, 

Castle lamerby, 
Crinton, 
Moyvally, 
Bective, 
Celcarne, 



The Noblemen^ of 
East-meath 



The Lord Viscount Gormanstone his name 
Preston his chief Hous Gormanston, 



of Ballyburly King's Co., and Waring 
of Navan ; in 1613 P. Begg of Burrans- 
town and J. Warren gent., of Navan. 

E There are still many old, ruined 
castles in Meath ; of which we find a 
description in Sir W. Wilde's Boyne 
and Blackwater, viz. The castles of 
Carbury, Kinnafad, Clonmore, Grange, 
Carrig-Oris, Ticroghan, Trimblestown, 



Trim, Nangle's and Talbot's castles, 
Scurlogstown, Trubly, Assey, Rivers- 
town, Athlumney, Liscarton, Dexter, 
Dowth, Proudfootstown, Naul and 
Termonfecken. 

h In the Barony of Dunboyne are 
Sir G. Fenton of Dunboyne, Pat. 
Phippes of Roan, Jn. Delahoyde of 
Bellander, Rich. Bremingham of Pace, 



EAST MEATH. 



93 



The Bishop of Meath his name Jones, 

his chief Seat Arbraccan, 
The Lord Baron of Killyen his name 

Plunket his chief Hous Killyen, 
The Lord Baron of Dunsany his name 

Plunket his chief hous Dunsany, 



Simon Rowe of Waringstone, Rich. Sale 
of Salestowne, Alex. Barnwall of Luston, 
Christ Hollywoode of Herbertstown. 

Rising out of the general Hosting of 
Barony of Dunboyne Phepo of Rowen, 
if he have freedom i armed horseman; 
Francis de la Hide i armed horseman. 
Ratoathe. Sir Pat. Barnwall of 
Crickston, Baron Sedgrave of Killeglan, 
Barnwall of Kilbrue, Th. Plunket of 
Loughgoure, FitzWilliams of Duna- 
more, Rich. Ball of Feydorffe, Jn. Bir- 
ford of Kilrowe, Js. Lee of Clonresse, 
Pat. Lee of Licianstown, Jn. Sparke of 
Ratowthe, Gellouse of Gelloustown, 
Rich. Fowleing of Parsonstown, Dela- 
hoyde of Dunshaghlin, 'and many 
freeholders.' Rich. Reade of Rowes- 
town, Th. Russel of Cookestown. 

Rising out of Ratoath Barnwall of 
Kilbrye in person i armed horseman, 
Berford of Kilrowe i ditto ; Ichers of 
Dunshaughlin ; Talbot of Robertston 
2 ; Weafy of the Blackehil 2 armed 
horsemen. 

Scrine Baron of Killeen, Sir Rob. 
Dillon, Wil. Nugent, Baron of Scrine ; 
Pat. Tankard of Castletown, Pat. Bri- 
migham of Corballies ; R. Caddell of 
Dowstown ; R. Dillon of Scrine ; Ed. 
Penteny of the Cabbragh ; Nich. Cu- 



sake of Ballimolchan, Rob. Cusake of 
Geradstown, Rich. Cusake of Les- 
mollen, Walter Porter of Kingstown, 
Jn. Barnwall of Mouncktown, Jn. Barn- 
wall of Cookstown, Mich. Barnwall of 
Branstown, Nich. Dracot of Oder, Jn. 
Dracot of , G. Harvy of Scrine, 

Wai. Evers of Tarraghe, Rob. Pentenie 
of Jordanstown, Jn. Plunket of Clonard- 
ran, Ellen Plunket of Kilcarne. 

Rising out of Skreen The Lord of 
Killeen, the L. of Dunsany, and the 
rest of the Plunketts 24; Nicholas 
Nugent in person 3 ; M. Draycott i ; 
Sir T. Cusack of Lismullen in consider- 
ation of his absence but 3 ; Sir C. 
Cheevers of Measton 4 ; Bath of Ra- 
phesk in person 3 ; Kent of Daneston 
2 ; Cusack of Gerardston 2 ; T. Dillon 
of Riverston 3 ; P. Dillon i ; Tancred 
of Castleton i; The Portriff of Skryne i. 

Duleeke L. of Gormanstown, L. of 
Trimletstown, Justice Bath of Athcarne, 
Rich. Caddell of the Naul, Rob. Cad- 
dell of Herbertstown, Jn. Dracott of 
Normanton, Geo. Darcy of Flatten, 
Rob. Preston of Rogerstown, Talbot 
of Dardistowne, Rich. Bellame of Don- 
akernie, Rich. Stanley of , Ed. 

Tallon 'of the same,' R d Aylmer of Dol- 
lardstown, Lawr. Tafe of Ardmolchan, 



94 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



The Lord Baron of Slane his name 
Fleming his chief Hous Slane, 

The Lord Baron of Tribleston his name 
Barnwall his chief Hous Tribleston. 



Jn. Chivers of Mastoston, Chr. Bath 
of Rathfeigh, Js. Dillon of Ballgath, Jn. 
Cusake of Cusingstone, Wai. Gowlding 
of Pierstone, Pat. Moore of Duleek, R d - 
Plunkett of the Boles, Th. Kent of Dains- 
town, Th. Hamling of Smithstone, Pat. 
Whyte of Flemington, the Corporation 
of Dowleeke, Sir Jn. Bellew of Bellews- 
town, Sir Ed. Moore ; Birt of Tullock. 

Rising out L. Viscount Gormanston 
8 ; Darcy of Flatten 3 ; Talbot of 
Dardiston 3 ; J. Aylmer 2 ; Caddell of 
the Nail 2 ; Birt of Tullocke 2 ; Oliver 
Darcy i ; Holde of Paynestown i ; 
Hambige of Smithstown i ; Bath of 
Colpe i. 

Slane Baron of Slane, Pat. Fleming 
of Gernenstown, Garret F. of Logh- 
bracan, Piers F. of Killarie, Rich. F. 
of Rath-Reynolds, Edw. F. of Loben- 
stone, Pat. Barnwall of Gernonstown, 
Barnwall of Rowthstown, Walt. B. of 
Calcestown, Rob. B. of Starallan, New- 
terville of Dowth, Jn. Bath of Cashiel, 
Ivers of Bingerstown, Stookes of Mit- 
chellstown, Lord Lowth of the Carrick, 
Rob. Mey of Slane, Geo. Fitzjones of 
Slane, Jn. Botford of Protfortstone. 

Rising out Baron of Slane 6 ; Barn- 
wall of Stackallen 4 arcker horsemen ; 
Barnwall of Roweston 2 armed horse- 
men ; Netterville of Dowth 2. 

Margalkn Wil. Fleming of Ste- 



phenstone, Jn. Newterville of Castleton, 
W. Veldon of Raffin, P k - White of Clon- 
gell, Pat. Beg of Fleshillstone, Wil. 
Garvey of Knightstone, Tallon of Wil- 
kenstone, R. Plunket of the same, Th. 
Darcy of Donmore, Th. Plunket of 
Possickstone, Jn. Darcy of Rathoode, 
Jn. WafFer of Kilboy, Hen. Rooe of the 
same, Js. Veldon of Rathcon, Edmund 

of the Corballies, Jn. Fitzjohn of 

Plainstone, Js. FitzGarret of Drake- 
stone. 

Rising out T. Fleming of Stephen- 
stone 3 ; White of Clongell 2 ; Veldon 
of Clongell 2. 

Navan Bishop of Meath, Baron of 
the Novan, Js. Dillon of Moymet, Rob. 
Rochfort of Kilbrid, Alex. Evers of 
Rathtain, R d - Bellew of Bellewestown, 
Jn. Waffer of Gainstown, Js. Warren 
of Philpottstown, Js. Hill of Aliens- 
town, Jn. Eustace of Lescartan, R 4 - 
Misset of the same, Geo. Cusake of 
Rathallrone, Chr. Netterville of Black 
Castle, Steph. Blackine for Cowlneall- 
ven, Warren of Churchtown, W. Fitz- 
Garret of Ongestown, Pat Manning of 
Hatton, Rob. Fleming of Rathkenny, 
Th. Teling of Mullagha, Th. Bath of 
Ladin-Rath, Th. Ashe of Trim, Rob. 
Hamon of the same, Js. Cusake of 
Tullegharde, Jasper Staples of Hollan- 
stone, Chr. Birt of Curghton, Darcie 



EAST MEATII. 



95 



Barnets The Barnet of Navan his name Nangle 

his hous at the Navan, 
The Barnet of Galtrim his name Hussy 

His Hous Galtrim, 
The Barnet of Scryne his name Nugent 

his house Scryne. 



of Balreske, Sir. Jn. Dillon of Dorames- 
town, Melcher Moore of Escherowean, 
Th. Luttrell of Tankardstown. 

Rising out Bishop of Meathe 8 ; 
the Lord of Trimberton 6 ; the Baron 
of Navan 3 ; the Baron of Dillon 2 ; 
Rochford of Kilbride 4 ; Michael Cu- 
sack 2 ; Ivers of Racaghe i ; The 
Prortriffe of Trim 3 ; the Portriffe of 
Navan 4 ; Teeling of Mullagha i ; Hill 
of Allcnstown i ; Misset of Laskerton 
i ; Eustace of Laskerton i. 

Kelles Barnwall of Robertstown, 
Betaghe of Moynealty, Hen. Mape of 
Mape-Rath, Wil. Betaghe of Walters- 
town, Drake of Drakerath, W m - Balf of 
Ardloman, Plunket of Ardmath, Plun- 
ket of Tath-Rath, Prountford of Mo- 
rentstown, Th. Fitzjones of Franstone, 
Hen. Garvey of Rossmine, Sir Pat. 
Barnwall of Killineighnam and Mitch- 
more, Alex. Plunket of Gibston, Js. 
Erwarde of Randallston, Garret Plunket 
of Preston, Garret Plunket of Irishton, 
Edw. P. of Ball-Rath, Th. P. of 
Thistle Keran, Plunket of Balnegin, P. 
of Robinstone, P. of Bolton, Forde of 
Fordston, Nic. Gillagh of Gillston, 
Balf of Ballnegin, Ledwitch of Cook- 
stone. 

Rising out of Kdls (or Kenlis) 



Alexander Barnwall 3 ; Everard of 
Randalstown 2 ; Mape of Mape-Rath 
i ; Drake of Rathode 2 ; Betagh of 
Moynaltie for his County 6 ; Ledwiche 
of Cookstown 6 ; Fitzjohn of Fyans- 
town i ; The Soffreign of Kenlis 2 
archers. 

Dece Js. Hussey of Galtrim, Wai. 
H. of Moylehussey, Rob. H. of Ball- 
rodan, Martin H. of Curmollen, H. 
of Muchardroms, H. of Cullendragh, 
Boys of Gallgath, Geo. Garland of 
Agher, Pat. Barnwall of Arolstone, 
Rob. B. of Athshe, Barnwall of Killin- 
essan and Athronan ' cum multis aliis,' 
Js. Fleming of Derpatrick, Allen and 
Wiel of Knockmarke, Hen. Waring of 
Waringston, Rich. Delahoyde of Moy- 
glare, Baron Eliot of Balreske, Th. 
Widder of Leemaraghstone, Jn. Cusake 
of Troneblie, R 4 Crumpe of Marshals- 
town, Jn. Gilsten of Collmollen, R 4 , 
Talbot of Achar, Hen. Usher L 4 Pri- 
mate of Armagh of Balstown, Wai. 
Golding of Ballendel. 

Moyfenragh R d - Barnwall of New- 
castle, Garret Weslie of the Dengan, 
Pat Lince of the Knocke, Hen. Dillon 
of Little Frefan, Th. Lynam of Adams- 
town, Rich. Misset of Bedlowstown, 
Edw. Kindellane of Ballnekill, Peter 



96 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

The chief Gentlemen 

Plunket of Rathmore Plunket of Fathrath 

Plunket of Ballioth Plunket of Felten 

Plunket of Irishtoune Plunket of Castlekeren 

Plunket of Longcrey Plunket of Armaghbeet 

Plunket of Roses Plunket of Clonbrene 

Plunket of Drombar Plunket of Dromsaurie 

Plunket of Gybston Barnewall of Crickston' 



Lynam of Frefans, W m - MacEvoy of 
Balleneskeagh, Edm. Keeting of Pos- 
sickstown, Christ. Leins of Crobey, 
Edm. Darcy of Clondaly, R d Gifford of 
Castle Jordan, Sir Ed. FitzGerald of 
Teighcroghan, Gerald FitzGerald of 
Moylagh, Ed. Aylmer of the same, Pat. 
Cusake of Clonmaghan, Hen. Burnell 
of Castle Richard, Edm. Darcy of Jor- 
danstown, Hen. Kinge of Ardnemollen, 
Gregory Cole of Clonard. 

Rising out of Deece and Moyfenragh 
The Baron of Galtrim in person 4 ; 
Barnwall of Antislon 2 ; De la Hide of 
Moyglare 2 ; Westley of the Dengen 
3; Goodall 2; B. Cusacke i; Fleming 
of Dirpatrick i ; Mercler Hussey 2 ; 
De la Hide of Assye i. 

Lune Rich. Plunket of Rathmore, 
Pat. Begge of Moyagher, Martin Blake, 
Js. Dowdall, Melchior Moore and 
Robert Misset, all of Athboy ; Walter 
Scurlocke of the Frame, Roger Dillon 
of Ballenedramey, Jn. Rochfort of Ker- 
anston, Rob. R. of Clonekevan, Wai. 
Lince of Donowre, Wai. Nangle of 
Kildalkey. 



Rising out of Lune Lynch of Dun- 
more i ; Rochford of Keranston i ; 
The Portriff of Athboy 4; Bernaby 
Sherlock 2. 

Fowere Plunket of Oldcastle, P. of 
Newcaster, P. of Loughcrew, Chr. P. 
of Clonebreny, P. of Ballinacaldde, P 
of Thomastowne, P. of Drumsaurie, 
Balf of Collmoolestone, Rob. Barnwall 
of Moylaghoo, Tint (orTuit?) of Bal- 
traseney, Js. Dowdal of Athboy 'for 
Oliver Plunkett's lands in Ballegray ;' 
Dardisse of Gleveckloan. 

Rising out of Power The Plunkets, 
34 horsemen; Balfe of Galmoweston 2; 
Barnwall of Morlow i ; Tuite of Bel- 
trastin i. 

The names according to baronies are 
taken from Car. Cal. ' Perambulation 
of the Pale' in 1596; the 'Rising out 
of Meath' circ. 1586 is taken from 'the 
Statistical Survey of Meath.' 

' There were 30 families named Barn- 
wall who enjoyed considerable estates 
in Meath and Dublin. Sir Patrick B. 
of Crickstown brought 4 mounted ar- 
chers to the general hosting of Tara ; 



EAST MEATII. 



97 



Barnewall of Kilbrew 
Barnewall of Moylaghe 
Barnewall of Roeston 
Barnewall of Gerlonstone 
Barnewall of Caufelston 
Barnewall of Aronston 
Barnewall of Flemingston' 
Barnewall of Crackanston 
Barnewall of Robertston 
Barnewall of Staffordstone 
Cusack of Lismollin j 
Cusack of Cufyngston 
Cusack of Gerardston 
Cusack of Rahalion [Rathlion] k 
Cusack of Ballunalheu 



Cusack of Trubloy 1 
Cusack of Cloneard 
Cusack of Clomochain 
Proteford of Protfordston 
Tynt of Blayne 
Loynes of Cuake 
Caddell of the Nail 
Caddell of Harberdston 
Caddie of Doweston 
Ivers of Ratoryn" 1 
Luttrell of Tancardston 
Bedge of Frencheston 
Beedge of Harriston 
Whyte of Clongell 
Rochforde of Kilbride" 



he m. a dau. of Sir P. Barnwall of Turvey, 
and had 5 sons and 3 daughters ; his 
son Richard was m. to a dau. of Sir 
Oliver Plunket of Rathmore, an- 
cestor of Chief Baron Palles. 

John B. of Flemington was m. to 
Lord Howth's widow ; he was a brother 
of Sir P. Barnwall of Turvey ; he made 
his will in this year 1598. Lodge. 

J In 1598 Edward C. of Lismullen 
sold the lands of the Augustinian and 
Dominican Friars to Roger Jones. 
These lands are still in the possession 
of the Lords Essex and De Ros, re- 
presentatives of Archbishop Jones. 

Catherine Cusack of Cushinstown 
m. Sir H. Colley of Castle Carbery. 

k On the wayside cross of Nevins- 
town there is an inscription in beautiful 
black-letter character. What remains 



of it runs thus : . . . . Armigeri, et 
Margaretae Dexter uxoris ejus ac here- 
dum eorum <?ui hanc crucem fecerunt 
anno Domini 1588, quorum animabus 
propitietur Deus. Amen. 

The armiger was found by Mr. J. 
Huband Smith to be Michael de Cu- 
sack, Lord of Portrane and Rathaldron, 
who got with his wife Margaret Dexter, 
the castle, town and lands of Rathaldron . 

1 On the southern bank of the Boyne 
we still find a remnant of the castle of 
Trubly or Turberville, the ancient seat 
of the Cusacks. It consisted of a 
square keep with circular corner towers. 

ra Walter Evers of Bingerstown in 
Meath was the cousin and executor of 
Sir W m - TaafFe who distinguished him- 
self fighting against O'Neill. Lodge. 

" Rob. R. of Kilbryde, ancestor of 
N 



/r/ 



9 8 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Veldon of Raffinall 
Veldon of Raffen 
Newtervile 
Drake of Drakerath 
Porter of Kingstone 



Wesley of Dingen 
Wai of Blackball 
Bath of Rafeig 
Justice Bath p 
Bath of Dewleeke 



Lord Belfield, brought 4 archers on 
horseback to the general Hosting at 
Tara in 1593 for the barony of Navan 
and one for that of Ratoath ; he m. a 
dau. of Chief Baron Sir Lucas Dillon, 
and had 6 sons and 4 daughters. His 
son and heir, John, was 23 years old in 
1598; his sons-in-law were Sir W. 
Dongan of Castleton Kildrought, and 
Luttrell of Tancardstown in Meath. 
Lodge. 

John Netterville of Douth was M.P. 
for Meath in 1585 ; he died in 1601 ; 
his brother Richard N. of Corballies 
was a distinguished lawyer, and was 
M.P. for Dublin in 1585 ; his wife was 
a dau. of Sir J. Gernon of Kilmacoole 
in Louth ; his son Nicholas, who was 
1 8 years old in 1598, was made a Vis- 
count in 1622, joined the Confedera- 
tion of Kilkenny, was outlawed in 1642, 
and died in 1654, leaving 8 sons, two 
of whom were Jesuits, and four were 
Confederate officers. The present Lord 
is the 8 th Viscount. Richard N. was 
reported by Sydney to Elizabeth to be 
' as seditious a varlet and as great an 
impugner of English government as 
any this Lande beareth.' He married 
a dau. of Plunket of Dunsoghly ; he 
died in 1607. Lodge and Burke 's 
Peerages. 



" The inscription on the Wayside 
Cross of Athcarne runs thus On the 
front of the pillar 

' This Cross was builded by Jennet 
Dowdall, late wife unto William Bathe 
of Athcarne, justice, for him and for 
herself, in the year of our Lorde God 
1600, which justice deceased the xxv 
of October 1599, and buried in the 
church of Duleek, whose souls I praye 
God take to his Mercie. Amen. 
I.H.S.' 

On the back 'Haile Marie full of 
Grace, oure Lord is with the. Haile 
sweet virgin the blessed mother of God, 
the excellent Queen of Heaven praye 
for us poore soules. Amen.' See 
Paper of J.H.S. in Proceedings of R.I. 
Academy. 

In the village of Duleek stands a 
remarkable Wayside Cross. The in- 
scription on one side is ' This Cross 
was builded by Genet Dowdall, wife 
to William Bathe of Athcarne, justice 
of his Majesty's Court of Common 
Plees, for him and her, anno 1601. 
He deceased the is" 1 of Oct. 1599, 
buried in the church of Duleek ; whose 
souls I pray God take to his mercie.' 
On the other side of the Cross are 
sculptured in relief figures of S 13 - An- 
drew, Catherine, Stephen, Patrick, 



EAST MEATH. 



99 



Bath beside Slane 

Balf of Colmoleston 

Balf of Fidorth 

Balf of the Cleggs 

Betaghe of Monaltie 

Betaghe of Dunowie [Duna- 

more] 

Justice Dillon of Newton 
James Dillon of Moynet q 
Bartholemew Dillon of r River- 

ston 

Dillon of Prowdeston 
Dillon of Harbeston 
Warren of the Navan 
Warren of Warrenston 

Kieran, Magdalene, Jacobus, and 
Thomas. 

The bridge of Duleek was erected in 
1587 by W m - Bathe and Genet Dowdall, 
as appears from an inscribed tablet in- 
serted in the battlement. See Sir W. 
Wilde's ' JSoyne,' p. 277. 

q This Sir James D. of Moymet be- 
came Earl of Roscommon in 1622 ; by 
his wife, Miss Barnwall of Turvey, he 
had 7 sons and 6 daughters ; his son 
George was a Jesuit of great learning ; 
his great grandson was the poet Earl 
of Roscommon. See Lodge. 

The father of James was Sir Lucas 
Dillon ; he was a distinguished lawyer, 
and had great experience in military 
and civil matters ; he was called by 
Sydney incus fidelis Lucas. Elizabeth 
conferred on him and his heirs the 



Penteney of Cabragh 
Tancard of Castletoune 
Tylen of Molashe [Molahae] 
Hussey of Adrain 
Hussey of Moylaghe 
Delahide of Balankey 
Delahide of Dunsoghley 
Delahide of knockconor 
Nugent of Kilcarne 
Elmer of Dullerston 
Field of Payneston 
Kent of Daneston 
Chivers of Moreton 
Talbot of Robertston 
Talbot of Daideston 

office of Seneschal of the Barony of 
Kilkenny West over the surname of 
Dillon and other inhabitants thereof. 
He m. a dau. of Chief Baron Bathe of 
Athcarne and Drunconragh, and had 
7 sons and 5 daughters. He lies buried 
under a noble monument in Newtown ; 
it is an altar tomb, on which are the 
recumbent figures of Sir Lucas and his 
lady, and it is adorned with the arms of 
Dillon, Bathe, and Barnwall. Lodge, 
and Sir W. WildJs ' Boyne.' 

' Ancestor of Sir J. Dillon, Bart, of 
Lismullen, Baron of the Holy Roman 
Empire. Bartholomew was son of 
Chief Justice Sir R. Dillon and m. a 
dau. of Sir W. Sarsfield of Lucan ; he 
was 25 years old in 1598 and distin- 
guished himself against Tyrone See 
Lodge. 



100 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Talbot of Agher 
Tirrell of Johnston 
Beerford of Kylbrowe 
Bedlow of Bedlowston 5 
Sale of Saleston 
Hill of Allenston 
Phepoe of the Rovan 
Scurlock of Kilmarton' 
Lee of Clomesse 
Fleming of Derpatrick 
Fie. of Sedon 

5 Sir J. Bellew owned the manors of 
Bellewstown and Duleek, etc. He was 
in 1563 a Commissioner for the Pre- 
servation of the Peace in Drogheda 
and all Louth during the L. Deputy's 
Expedition against Shan O'Neill. In 
1584 he and his wife Ismay Nugent 
built the bridge of Ballycorry in West- 
meath where an Inscription still remains 
stating them to be the founders, and 
asking the Prayers of all who pass by. 
He and Dame Ismay erected the East 
window in the Church of Duleek ; and 
also a ' Monument for their burial' in 
Duleek churchyard. In 1598 he made 
his Will, in which he says : ' To the in- 
tent that my heirs may be and shall con- 
tinue dutiful subjects to her Majesty 
and her successors, Kings and Queens 
of England and Ireland, my will is that 
I demise . . . said Manors ... to my sons 
Christopher, John, and Richard with 
these conditions that whensoever and 
as often as the said Christopher etc. 
shall, or do imagine,practice, compass, 



Fie. of Baligatlan 
Fie. of Kilrory 
Fie. of Stevinston 
Fitz John of Franston 
Dorran [Derran] of Derranston 
Wafer of Grunston 
Misset of Lascarten 
Eustace of the same 
Clinch of the Scryne 
Arward of Randolfeston 
Darcy of Dounmow 

assent, go about, conclude, determine, 
commit, deal or execute any treason 
whatsoever, the Interest of such person 
and his heirs shall cease . . .' 

Sir John's brother, Richard of Stamen, 
was M.P. for Dundalk in 1585 ; he died 
in 1 6 1 6. Sir Christopher B. of Bellews- 
town m. a dau. of Sarsfield of Lucan, 
and died in 1610. He had 4 sons 
and 2 daughters. His heir was 27 
years old in 1598. His son Robert 
owned Donemore. James B. was 
Mayor of Dublin in 1598. Lodge. 

1 Barnaby Scurlock of Frayne in 
Meath m. a dau. of Sir T. Nugent of 
Moyrath, and died in 1633, leaving 4 
sons and 6 daughters. Of this family 
was Barnaby Scurlock, who was re- 
ported to Elizabeth by Sydney as having 
' purchased more and builded more 
than ever his father did; his chief mean 
to get this was by being attorney to 
your sister and yourself. From which 
office he was displaced ; since which 
time he never ceased to impugn Inglishe 






EAST MEATH. 



101 



Darcy of Plattin 
Moore of Uskerower 
Moore of Mooreston 
Black of Athboy 
Tallon of Wilkinston 
Gerald of the Rath u 
Map of Mapston 
Map of Maprath 
Hamlen of Smythston 
Cromp of Muchalton 
Foord of Foordston 



Lynch of the knock 
Eliot of Baliesko 
Russell of Cookeston 
Telines of Telinston 
Dillon of Balinderomny 
Cardiff of Flemingston 
Ledwich of Cookeston 
Bremingham of Corbally 
Whyte of Flemingston 
Foster of v 
Usher of Balsound 



government, and in especial your Ma- 
jesty's Prerogatives.' Wherefore, when 
Scurlock went to England, he was 
imprisoned in the Fleet. Lodge. 

The castle of Scurlogstown was one 
of the strongest built watch-towers of 
the Pale its massive and gloomy walls, 
its tall towers and unbroken battle- 
ments give it such a stern appearance 
that in passing it one still expects to 
hear the warders challenge from its 
gate. Sir W. Wilde's ' oyne.' 

u Sir Edw. FitzGerald of Tecroghan 
in Meath m. Miss Barnwall of Turvey ; 
his son, Sir Luke, m. a dau. of Viscount 
Netterville. Sir Edward was a distin- 
guished man. The Jesuit Father, Chris- 
topher Holywood, under the nom de 
plume of John Geraldine, dedicated to 
his cousin (cognatus), Sir Edw. Fitz- 
Gerald, his work De Meteoris, pub- 
lished in 1613 ' Ornatissimo Viro D. 
Edwardo Geraldine de Teacrochane, 
Equiti aurato, bonorum ac literatorum 
patrono optimo . . . Cui, quaeso potiore 



jure quam tibi debetur, qui multis mag- 
nisque rebus, non sine multorum admi- 
ratione, domi forisque praeclare gestis, 
amplissima virtutis tuae testimonia 
exhibuisti, ita ut Familiae Nostrae 
Geraldinorum, post Illustrissimum 
Heroem, Kildariae comitem, fatali 
quodam nostro malo ereptum, lumen 
et columen habearis.' 

v Gerald Foster of Kilgrage Usher 
MSS. (E. 4, 33). Prountford of Mouns- 
towne. Car. Cal. From the Carew 
and Clongowes MSS. we have the 
names of about 250 gentlemen of 
Meath. ' In Meath the son and heir 
of Sir William Nugent was in Rebellion, 
and the county, lying in the heart of 
the Pale, was greatly wasted by the 
Ulster Rebels, and many Castles lay 
waste withoutinhabitants; butno Rebels 
possessed either town or castle therein. 
At Kells and Navan Lord Dunsany 
has 50 horse and Sir G. Moore 25. 
There are 1700 f. under Lords Audley 
and Dunsany, Sir F. Convvay and Sir 



102 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Harvey of Odder Dracot of Marranston 

Prenderfoote of v Bysse of 



THE COUNTIE OF WESTMEATH. 

This Countie a contayneth all land from the red moore beyond 
Aboy to the river of the Sheynen by delven MCoghlan and in 
bredth from the King's Countie to the Countie of Longford com- 
prehending all M c Geoghaghans, M c Cawles, and Omelaughlines 
Countries. So hath it the King's Countie East and South, the 
Sheynen and part of the Countie of Longford West, and the 
Countie of Cavan and part of the Countie of Meath north. b 
Townes Mollingare governed by a Portrise, lately often 

burned. 

Market Townes Fower Castletoune Delvin 

Kilkenny West Rawyre 

Athloane Delvin (sic) 

Ballimore 

C. S ( - Lawrence, Sir H. Dockora, Sir to us for supplying some information 

J. Chamberlaine, Syney, Sydley, Atkin- concerning Irish music M 
son, Heath, Nelson, and Hugh Reilly. b In 1543 an Act of Parliament was 

At Trim there are 50 h. under Sir passed, in the preamble of which we 

Griffin Markham, and 400 f. under Sir read, ' For the division of Methe into 

C. Piercy, Orme, and Alford. At two shires, (because) the shire of Methe 

Athboy 260 f. under Sir R. Moryson. is great in circuit, and the west parte 

Moryson, p. 43. thereof laid about and beset with 

a Hall dismisses this county in half divers of the Kings rebells, and in 

a page, and then says ' The limits of several partes thereof the King's writs 

our work will not permit us to describe for lacke of ministration of justice, 

at length the counties which have no have not of late been obeyed, ne his 

very peculiar feature ; and we avail Grace's lawes put in due exercise.' See 

ourselves of the opportunity presented p. 270 of Grand Juries of Wcstmcath. 



THE COUNTIE OF WESTMEATII. 



103 



Castles and (Killean the Lord of Delvins chief Hous, 
%ood Houses \ Castle toune delvin belonging to him also, 
Rawyre, belonging to the Earle of Kildare, 
Tristinaughe, a faire Abbey belonging to Henrie 

Pierce, 

Waterston to one of the Dillons, 
Tuiteston to William Tuit, and many others 

belonging to the Several Surnames of 
Nugents d Tyrrells f 

Darcies e Daltons g 



c Ancestor of Sir E. F. Piers, Bart., 
of Tristernagh Abbey. This Henry P. 
married a dau. of Dr. Jones, Protestant 
Archbishop of Dublin, and had 4 sons 
and 6 daughters ; he was a distinguished 
traveller, and left behind him an ac- 
count of his travels, which was placed 
among ' the Ware MSS.' He became 
a Catholic, and prevailed on some of 
his children to embrace the same faith ; 
one of his sons became a Franciscan, 
and a grandson became a secular priest. 
H. Piers d. in 1623. His father, W 1 "- 
P., got 1000 marks for bringing in the 
head of Shan O'Neil, who was mur- 
dered by the Scots. BurkJs Peerage. 

d Barony of Delvin. Delvin the 
chief town is possessed by the L. of 
Delvin. His chief house is called 
Clonin. Other towns are Dromcree, 
Teghmon, and Ballenemonoe ; a great 
sept of the Nugents inhabit this 
barony. 

The half barony of Fowre. The 
chief town, Fowre ; it is inhabited 
by the Nugents, and the chief gentle- 



man is the owner or heir of Corolans- 
town. 

Barony of Corkry. Multifernan, 
the chief town, is inhabited by the 
Nugents, of whom the best is Richard 
Nugent of Denewear. 

The barony of Moyhassel. Possessed 
by the Nugents and Tutes, ' of whom 
the principal is Chr. Nugent of Dardes- 
ton, and Edw. Tute, late slain in Con- 
naught, of Killenan.' Car. Cal. p. 192. 

c Barony of Ferbilly. Rathwire, the 
chief towne, the Earl of Kildare's. 
' The Darcies be possessioners there.' 

1 Barony of Fertullagh, Inhabited 
by the Tirrells, of whom Sir John 
Tirrell is chief. His house is called 
the Pace. Newcastle is held partly by 
Rich. Nugent, and partly by Will. Tir- 
rell FitzMorice. 

*Bar. of Rathconred, called the Dai- 
ton's country. Chief town, Ballymore 
Lough Swedy, Francis Shane's ; at 
Dondonnell, Hen. Dalton ; at Milton, 
the heirs of Rich. Dalton; Edm. Dalton 
of Mollinmighan ; Peter Nangle of 



IO4 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Omelaghlins, k 
M'Geoghaghans, 1 
Coffies, 
M c Gawlies, k 
O birnes. 



Dillons, 11 

Delamaies, 

Petits,' 

Hop's, 

Geraldins, 

Tuites, j 

It hath many goodlie Lough es and marshes of freshe Water 
of great quantities, whereof the greatest part fall into the 
Sheynan, above Athloane and the rest into the River of 
Brosenaghe which also falleth into the Sheynan beneath Ath- 
loane not farr from Melick. 

It hath no noble-men in it, but onlie the Baron of Delvin, 
whose name is Nugent, and is under the Bishop of Meath as 
Ordinarie thereof, whereunto is latelie united by Parliament the 
little Bushoprick of Cloine M c Knoshe in Omeloughlines Countrie. 



Bishopstown ; Francis Shane of Kil- 
lare. Car. Cal. 

h Bar. of Kilkenny, called Maghery- 
Cork or Dillon's country. Kilkenny- 
the-West, possessed by James Dillon, 
son and heir to the late Sir Lucas 
Dillon, Chief Baron. The inhabitants 
for the most part are Dillons. Captain 
Tibbot Dillon dwelleth at Killen- 
faghney. 

' Barony of Maghery Dernan. In- 
habited by the Petits, Tutes, and some 
of the Nugents. The chief of the 
Petits, called Thomas, at Irishetowne. 
' Tutestown, the best Tutes ; and 
Welchetown, Edward Nugent's.' 

J Bar. of Moyoise. Chief inhabitants, 
Tute of the Sunnagh, Piers of Tris- 
cornagh ; R d - Nangle of Ballycorky, 



and Js. FitzGerald of the Laragh. 
See also notes (') and ( d ). 

k Bar. of ' Clonlonan, called O'Molagh- 
lin's country. Chief towns, Clon- 
lonnan, Newcastle, and Kilgarvan 
possessed by the O'Molaghlins. Calry 
held by Magawle ; ' the chief is Balli- 
loghlow.' The Karne held by William 
MacGawle, Brawne-O'Burney is an- 
nexed to Athlaon Car. Cal., p. 192. 

1 Bar. of Moycassell. Inhabited by 
the Magoghegans : Bryan at Donewer ; 
Hugh, now sheriff, at Castletown ; Art 
at Ballyconin ; Con at Syonan ; the 
heir of Thomas at Larath ; and the 
heirs of Rosse Magoghegan, who hold 
Killuber, Moycassell, Lismoyne, Knock- 
cosger, and the Abbey of Kilbeggan. 
Perambulation of the Pale in 1596. 
Car. Cal. 



THE COUNTIE OF WESTMEATH. 



105 



Chief Gent, in Nugent of Moyrath 1 " Nug. of Dromcree p 
Westmeath Nug. of Carlandston" Nug. of the Disart" 



Nug. of Dunnore 



Nug. of Colambre r 



m Sir Christopher N. of Moyrath in 
Meath and Farrow in Westmeath, was 
son of Sir Thomas N. M.P. for West- 
meath in 1561 and of a daughter of Lord 
Delvin ; in 1601 he married MissLuttrell 
of Luttrellstown, he died in 1619 and 
was buried in Taghmon Church. His 
son, Sir Francis, became a Capuchine 
Friar ; his son Sir Thomas, born in 
1598, became a Baronet ; his great 
grandson, Colonel Sir Thomas N. fol- 
lowed James II. to France. Lodge, 
and The Grand Juries of Westmeath. 

n Edmond N. of Carlanstown in West- 
meath, grandson of Sir Thomas N. 
married first a d. of Lord Killeen and 
secondly a Miss Cusack. His son 
Robert became Confederate governor 
of Westmeath in 1642. 

Richard N. of Donour married in 
1580 a dau. of Sir C. Barnwall of 
Crickstown and died 1616. On the 
large stone in the wall of the Church 
of Multifernan is the inscription 
" Sumptibus Jaco. Nugent 
Filii Rich. Nug. de Don- 
ower, qui ob. 18 Feb. Ao 
Dni 1615. W. N. B. N." 
Richard's brother, Christopher N. of 
Clonlost d. 1613 ; his eldest son James 
was 25 years old in 1598. The pre- 
sent M r Nugent of Clonlost was High 
Sheriff of Westmeath in 1855. 

Sir Walter G. Nugent, Bart., of 
Donore is maternally descended from 



this family, his ancestor Piers Fitz- 
gerald, Esq., having m. a sister of Sir 
P. Nugent, second Baronet of Donore. 
Grand Juries of Westmeath, and 
Burkfs Peerage. 

p Lavalin N. of Drumcree d. in 1610, 
leaving six sons, the eldest of whom, 
Nicholas, was forty years old and 
married to a Miss Birmingham ; and 
four daughters, one of whom was m. 
to James Ledwyche of the Grange in 
Westmeath. From this family are de- 
scended the Nugents of Streamstown. 
Grand Juries of Westmeath. 

q Edward N. of Dysert andTullaghan 
was Knight of the Shire for Westmeath 
with Edw. N. of Morton in 1585. He 
married a dau. of the Great O'Connor 
Offaley, and had two sons, Sir Robert 
and Andrew, the latter of whom was 
1 8 years old in 1598. From this 
family are descended maternally the 
O'Reillys of Ballinlough. 

Sir Robert was seated at Ballybra- 
nagh ; he had a pardon granted to 
him in 1608, and dying in 1620 was 
succeeded by his brother Andrew, who 
was then 44 years old, and m. to a 
dau. of O'Ferrall of Mornin. On the 
death of John Nugent, Governor of 
Tortola, the Nugent property passed 
to his nephews Sir Hugh O'Reilly of 
Ballinlough, and A. Savage of Porta- 
ferry, both of whom assumed the 
name of Nugent. The family is now 

O 



io6 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Nugent of Doneames 
Nug. of the Carne 5 
Nug. of moreton' 
Nug. of Balrath 
Nug. of Killaughe 
Nug. of Ballneaghe 
Nug. of Balliconiell 
Nug. of Castlemollen 

represented in the female line by Lord 
Talbot of Malahide, Sir C. Nugent 
of Ballinlough, and Colonel Nugent 
of the Scots Greys, owner of Porta- 
ferry. 

r James N, of Coolamber, brother of 
the 8th Lord Delvin, d. in 1603 ; his 
heir, Edmund, then of full age, died 
that year also. A member of this 
family became Count de Valdesoto 
and Major-General in the Imperial 
service, another was murdered while 
Commandant of Prague in 1720; 
another was 26 years in the service of 
Venice, General of its Troops in Dal- 
matia, Governor of Verona, etc. 
Lodge. 

A branch of the family of Drumcree. 
Lodge. 

' Edward N. of Morton was Knight 
of the shire for Westmeath in 1585. 

11 Edward N. of Bracklyn d. in 
1599 ; his wife was Ismay Barnwall. 
From this N. was maternally descended 
Field Marshal N. of Austria. N. of 
Carlanstown was ancestor of Earl 
Nugent. See in the Appendix an 
account of some religious of that- name. 

* Descended from Lord D'Arcy, 



Nug. of Newcastle 
Nug. of Bracklan" 
Fitzsimons of Tallinall 
Golding of Archertone 
Frances Shaen of Ballimore 
Whyte of Belletston 
Dardrefe of Gibbonston 
Darcy of Ratlen v 

Viceroy of Ireland in 1324, whose 
grandson, Sir Wm. D. of Flatten, 
carried Simnel on his shoulders through 
Dublin, after the coronation in Christ 
Church. Another descendant of Lord 
D. wrote The Decay of Ireland. 

The attainders of 1642 present the 
names of Nich. D. of Flatten, who at- 
tended the great meeting at the hill of 
Crofty; D. of Ballymount co. Kildare, 
and D. of Athlumney in Meath. 
Among the attainted in 1691 were the 
Darcies of Flatten, of Porterstown, 
and Corbetstown co. Westmeath. The 
D. of Flatten in 1598 was George D. 
son of Christopher and a dau. of Sir H. 
Draycot. George's grand-uncle settled at 
Dunmow, and on the attainder and 
forfeiture of the D. of Flatten in 1696, 
and on the extinction of that line, 
George D. of Dunmow became the 
head of the race; in 1693 he was 
declared an 'innocent papist ;' he enter- 
tained as guests on two successive 
days Kings James and William ; and 
is said to have pronounced his policy 
in the lines 

' Who will be King I do not know ; 
But I'll be D'Arcy of Dunmow.' 



THE COUNTIE OF WESTMEATH. 



TO/ 



Darcy of Clonecollain 
Tuit of Killenan 
Tuit of Mollenlyeth w 
Tuit of Sonnaghe* 
Petit of Mollingare y 
S r John Tirrell of the Pace 
Tirrell of Baloebrack 
Water moyle Tirrell of Fertul- 
laghe 

Mr. D'Arcy of Hyde Park, West- 
meath, is the present representative of 
the D. of Flatten, and Dunmow. 
Westmeath Grand Juries. 

* Theobald T. of Monilea, m. a 
dau. of Aylmer of Lyons ; he died in 
1632. 

1 Oliver T. of Sonagh was b. about 
1588, m. a dau. of Aylmer of Donadea; 
he was made a Baronet in 1622. Sir 
Mark A. H. Tuite is the loth Baronet. 

Walter T. of Tuitestown, grandson 
(by his mother) of Sir Oliver, and 
grandson (by his father) of T. of Moni- 
lea, m. a dau. of O'More of Port Allen, 
and had thirteen sons, eleven of whom 
fell in the campaign of 1691. Lodge, 
Vol. iii., p. 37. From this Walter was 
descended the famous French preacher 
Father Nicholas Tuite McCarthy, 
of the Society of Jesus. 

y William P. styled Baron of Mullin- 
gar; his dau. was married to a son of the 
Lord of Drumraney, and had a son Ed- 
mund alive in 1611. Lodge, Vol. iv., 
p. 170. 

' There was also Edward T. of 



Water Tirrell of Kilbride* 
MGeoghaghan of Larra 
MGeog. of Robinstown 
M c Geog. of Moyhassell 
M c Geog ; of S. (sic) 
M c Geog". of Kiltober 
M c Geog. of Parres 
Bryan M c Geoghaghan 



Caverstown,and John T. of Clonmoyle. 
Eight Tyrrels were attainted in West- 
meath in 1691. 

' I could not obtain much infor- 
mation respecting this family. The 
Tyrrell property has long since passed 
to other hands, and the name is here 
extinct,' says the author of Grand 
Juries of Westmeath, p. 317. 

Sir John T. was 'the chief of the 
Tyrrells ;' there was also William 
Tyrrell FitzMorrice of Newcastle. 
Car. Cat., p. 192. Perhaps he was 
the ' Captain Wiliam T. of the Irish,' 
who was wounded at the battle of the 
pass of Cashel, where part of Captain 
Richard T.'s men were engaged. 
O'Sullevan mentions a Water T., who, 
with Thomas Plunket commanded 580 
men at the battle of Rower, which 
Desmond and M c Carthy fought with 
Essex. Oneof the Tyrrells was s.uspected 
of having been bribed to let Essex pass 
unmolested through a defile. The 
most distinguished of the T.'s was 
' Captain Tyrrell ;' Mountjoy wrote to 
Cecil that, 'next to Tyrone he was the 
most dangerous, being the most 



io8 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



MGeogaghan of Castletowne aa 



efficient soldier, and of the greatest 
reputation through all Ireland, and 
better able to perform anything in this 
country than any Captain they have ;' 
O'Sullevan calls him a veteran soldier, 
well skilled in war ; the Four Masters 
style him ' Captain Tirial (Risderd mac 
Tomais mic Risdeirct).' See some de- 
tails about him in the Introduction to 
this book. 

"* ' Mag Eoehagain, Lord of Kinalea, 
namely, Connla, son of Conor, son of 
Laighne, son of Connla, son of Hugh, 
died in 1588; his son Brian, and (his 
grandson) Niall, the son of Ross, were 
in contention with each other for the 
Lordship of the territory.' Niall's brother 
was Captain Risderd (son of Ross, son 
of Conla), the gallant defender of Dun- 
boy, who was mortally wounded, and was 
slain while staggering to blow up the 
beseigers and the beseiged. O'Sullevan 
says of him ' Dux Ricardus M. vir 
nobilis, cujus animi magnitude cum 
generis claritate de principatu conten- 
debat.' 'So obstinate and resolved a 
defence hath not been scene within this 
Kingdome,' says the Pacata. Hib. p. 3 1 8, 
Ed. 1633. 

At one time the M.'s were chiefs of 
Kinel Fiacha (the Barony of Moy- 
cashel with parts of Moyashell, Rath- 
conrath and Fertullagh) ; they had 
various castles, the chief of which was 
Castletown Geoghegan. In 1328 the 
M.'s beat the English army, putting 
3500 of them hors de combat. 



Elizabeth directed a letter to her De- 
puty, of which the following extracts are 
of interest :' Whereas Conley Mac 
Geoghegan... humbly submitted himself 
. . .offering to surrender his estate for him 
and his sequele...we...are pleased to 
accept himas our liege man and faith- 
ful subject...! he is to deliver a full 
and pleyne particular note and extent 
of all the manors, castells, lordshipps, 
lands, tenements, seigniories, rules, 
rents duties, customs, and commodities 
whereof he is seized at present,' etc. 
See Hardiman's far Connacht, 

Conly M. had by his third wife 
(dau. of Lord Delvin), Hugh buidhe, 
' the yellow,' who died in 1622, leaving 
a son, Art of Castletown, from whom is 
descended Mr. O'Neill of Bunowen 
Castle, whose father changed the name 
of Geoghegan to that of O'Neill. 

In the "41 wars,' three M.'s lost 
their lands in Kildare; Art M. lost 
1500 acres and Castletown in Kinalea. 
In the Council of the Confederates, 
Doctor M. sat among the spiritual 
peers ; in the Commons were Conly 
and Charles of Donore, Edward of 
Tyroterim, and Richard of Moycashel. 
Conly was one of seven sons of Hugh 
Buy M. by a dau. of W. Tyrrell of 
Clonmoyle ; by the Act of Settlement 
he was restored to his principal seat, 
and to 2000 acres of land. The 
Inquisitions of 1691 contain the Out- 
lawries of the Mageoghegans of New- 
town, Carrymare, Lougharlaghnought, 



THE COUNTIE OF WESTMEATH. 



IO9 



Bremingham of Milton 
Bremingham of Balleuirton 
Fitzgerrald bb of Am 

Laragh, Donore, and Syonan. On the 
magna panella in 1703 we find in the 
Barony of Moycashel Edrus and 
Hugh Geoghegan de Castletown, Gent. 
Bryan G. de Donore, Arm. Carolus G. 
de Syonan, Gent. Rich. G. de Bally- 
brechey,Gent. Jac. G. de Killour, Gent. 
Jac. G. de Ballyduffe, Gent. Grand 
Juries of Westmeath. 

Sir R. Nagle, Bart, of Westmeath in- 
herited the property of the last chief 
of the Mageoghagans, from whom he 
was maternally descended ; and had in 
his possession a compact written in 
Irish on parchment, and made by M. 
chief of Kinalea, and The Fox chief of 
Muinterhagan ; it is dated 2oth Aug. 
1526, and by it M. was to be Lord 
over The Fox. It is is printed in Vol. 
i. of /r. Arch. Miscel. 

bb There were sixty FitzGeralds at- 
tainted in 1642; in Meath there were 
six, including F. of Tecroghan and F. 
of Rathrone. James C. Fitzgerald 
Kenny, Esq., of Kilclogher, co. of Gal- 
way, is the representative and heir 
general of the F. of Tecroghan and 
Rathrone. In 1691 seventeen F. 
were attainted in Westmeath. F. of 
Larah fought at the Boyne; after that 
he went to France. A dau. of F. of 
Pierstown (by his wife nee Miss F. of 
Laragh) m. Dillon of Streamstown 
and Killinynen, in the territories 
of Dalton and Mageoghegan Dillon 



Fitzgerrald of 
Dillon of A. cc 



d. in 1640. Westmeath Grand Juries, 
and Lodge, Vol. iv., 159. 

cc Edmund D. of the castle of 
Ardnegragh m. a dau. of O'Farrell, 
Lord of Callow, and had several sons, 
who were distinguished in the Army, 
Church, and State ; his brother, Garret 
D. of Portlick Castle, was Captain of 
an independent company ; his third 
brother was Sir Tibbot, who became 
First Viscount Dillon, of Castello Gal- 
len. Tibbot commanded an indepen- 
dent troop ; he was knighted on the 
field in 1559, he mar. a dau. of Sir E. 
Tuite of Tuitestown, and had 8 sons 
and 1 1 daughters, ; his 4 th son, Thomas, 
was born in the Tower of London ; 
the 5 th and 6 th became Franciscans ; 
his 8 th and 9 th daughters became nuns of 
S'. Clare and established a convent in 
Galway. Sir Tibbot died in 1624 at 
so advanced an age that at one time he 
saw assembled in his house of Killen- 
faghey above a hundred of his de- 
scendants. From him were descended 
the famous D.'s, of the Irish Brigade, 
' nom celebre dans les troupes Ir elan- 
daises] says Voltaire; ard Dillon, Arch- 
bishop of Narbonne and 'Primate of 
the Gaules.' See Lodge, Vol. iv. 
Colonel H. Dillon was M.P. for West- 
meath in 1689, and had 15 officers 
named Dillon in his regiment. 

Gerald D. Lord of Drumrany, by 
his wife, a dau. O'Conor Faly, had a 



I IO 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Dillon of Waterston 
Dillon of Canerston 
Dalton of Milton 
Dalton of Dundanell dd 
Dalt. of Mull" 
Dalton of 
Hubert Dalton 
Edmond Dalton 

son James, a priest ; a dau. Bridget a 
nun ; and a second son Thomas, who 
married the sister of the i st Viscount 
Dillon, and whose eldest son became a 
friar, and whose second son, Gerald, 
succeeded as Lord of Drumrany. 

John D. of Low Baskin, grandson 
of Dillon of Drumrany, married a dau. of 
Sir John Hugan of co. of Kilkenny, 
Knt. and had two dau. and nine 
sons ; his dau. Jane m. Dalton of 
Dalystown who died in 1636; three of 
his sons became priests. Lodge, p. 
152-168. 

dd In 1636 died John Dalton of 
Dundonell, son and heir of Hubert D. 
He was the great great grandfather of 
D' Alton, who published King James' 
Army List, and other works, and who 
had some of the ancestral property. 
The attainders of 1691 include 17 
Daltons of Westmeath. This family 
has given some distinguished officers 
to the continental armies. See King 
James 1 Army List, p. 376. 

~ Of Mollinmighan. See note ( s ) 

" The Delamares had very exten- 
sive property before 1641. Peter D. 
served as Sheriff of Westmeath in 



Delamaire ff of the Street 
Ledwich of Ballinelock gg 
Nangle of Ballinecorby hh 
Nangle of Bishopstowne 
Water Nangle 
Walshe of Collanhroe 
Evrell [Uriell] of Ballvomen 
M c Gawlie u 

1773; he died without issue in 1805. 
He possessed the estates of Killeen, 
Knightswood, and Rathlavanagh. 
Westmeath Grand Juries. 

Theobald and William D. were among 
the Catholic gentlemen of Westmeath 
who signed a petition to the King in 
1605. About 1407 Baron D. of Dela- 
mare's country married a dau. of the 
Lord of Drumrany. 

Bg Ledwich of Ballinalack was at- 
tained in 1691, and so was L. of 
Knockmory ; the L. were benefactors 
to the Abbey of Tristernagh. 

hh Bally corky Car. Cal. The At- 
tainders of 1691 comprise the Nangles 
of Kildalky, Harberston, Navan, 
Mayne, and Kilmihill. 

"Of Balliloghlow Car. Cal. Bally- 
loughloe was for centuries the chief 
seat of Magawley, Chief of Calry. 
One vault of his castle still remains. 
The late Count Magawley of Frank- 
ford, King's Co. was the last of this 
family that lived in Ireland. Notes to 
Irish Topogr. Poems, p. xi. 

The Emperor Charles VI. conferred 
upon Field Marshal Magawly, who 
married Margaret d'Este of Austria 



THE COUNTIE OF WESTMEATH. 



Ill 



W m - more M c Gawlie 
Obirne' <k 

Edmond O'Brenan 11 
Edmond O'Byrne 
Dionise O'Byrne 
Moore of Rosemeane 
Phypo of Huskinston 
Adams of Power 

the dignity of Count of the Holy 
Roman Empire, and the rank and 
privileges of a grandee of Spain. The 
direct male representative of this family 
is Count Magawly-Cerati, whose 
grandfather was regent of the Duchies 
of Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla 
arc, 1812. Burkfs Peerage. 

tt O'Breen (dBraoin) was chief of 
the territory of Brawney, which is now 
a barony; he lived at the castle of 
Creeve, in the barony of Clonlonan. 
See Ir. Arch. Miscel. Vol. i., p. 195. 

1 The names of the Westmeath 
Catholic Gentlemen annexed to the 
Petition of 1605 were: Edw. Brenaent ; 
Wil. and Rob. Moore; Richard, Lar- 
kin, Edward, Nich., Walter, Christ, 
and Rob. Nugent ; Theobald Dillon ; 
J. Terrell) W. Browne ; J. FitzGerald ; 
Garret Fay ; Edw. and Piers Ledwich ; 
Th. Petit; D. Kyrane; Thomas and J. 
Dalton ; Wil. and Theobald Delamare; 
Piers Nangle and R. Golding. Car. Cal. 

It is surprising that we do not find 
the names of Dease and Malone. In 
' Cusack's Book' written in 1511, 
there is in the 'Baronia de Fower' 
Richard Dees of Turbitstown ; in the 



Casies of Fower 

Dungan of Fower 

Freines 

Hamons of Mollingare 

Hacklee of Killallon 

Porter of Porterston 

Russell of Russellston mra 



magna panella of 1703 is found Jacobs 
Dease de Turbottstowne, Gent. Malone 
of Ballynahown married a dau. of Dal- 
ton of Milltown ; his son Edmund m. a 
daughter of Coghlan, Esq. in 1599; 
they were ancestors of Anthony Malone, 
a distinguished lawyer, and of Lord 
Sunderlin. Lodge, Vol. vii., p. 282. 

The Malones were located in the 
barony of Brawney and Clonlonan, and 
eight of them are mentioned by the 
Four Masters as Abbots or Bishops of 
Clonmacnoise. 

mm There was a Patrick Fox of Moy 
vore in Westmeath, who had three 
sons, Nathaniel, Teig, and Garrett; he 
d. in 1618. Nathaniel was Knighted, 
and got the lands and Castle of Rath- 
reagh, in Longford. A monument 
erected to him in the church near his 
Castle, bears the inscription : ' Hie 
Jacet Nathaniel Fox de Rathreogh, 
. Armiger, Hujus templi fundator ; 
imago, filius et haeres Patricii Fox de 
Moyuor in comitatu Westmediae, Mili- 
tis, qui uxorem habuit Elizabethan! 
filiam Walteri Hussy de Moyhussy 
Armigeri; ex ea genuit 8 filios et 5 
filias, e quibus 8 filii et tres filiae super- 



112 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Of this Countie all the Omelaughlines, nn all the M c Geogha- 
ghans saving Two or three many of the Tirrells and MGawlies 
and some of the Nugents are entered into Rebellion, they will 
,-not all make above 400 Men, their chief head in any enterprise 
is Capten Tyrrell, otherwise everie Companie is lead by the 
chief of their own Nation. They wast all the Counties of West- 
meath, King's Countie and Kildare, and Stop up the way 
betwixt Dublin and Conaught, which in tyme will prove the 
Loss of the province of Conaught. 



stites sunt; Patricius praedicti Nath. 
filius et haeres, uxorem habet Barba- 
ram, filiam Nobilissimi Domini Patricii 
Plunket, Baron de Dunsany; Idem 
Nath. et Elizabetha in sancto conjugii 
statu 25 an. vixerunt, et obiit apud 
Rathreogh 2 Februarii, an. 1634 act. 
suae 46.' 

His descendant is R. Fox, Esq., of 
Foxhall in Longford. See Westmeath 
G. Juries. 

nn The O'Molaughlines. See note 
( k ) p. 104. In Westmeath, lying for 
the most part waste, the O'Molaughlines 
and the Magoghegines, many of the 
Nugents, and some Geraldines, make 
140 f, and 20 h; Capten Tyrrell 200 
men, of whom 20 are horse. It is in- 
habited by many great Septs, as the 
O'Maddens, the Magoghegans, O'Mo- 
laghlens and MacCoghlans, which 
seeme such barbarous names. Car. 
Cal,; and Moryson. Part III. p. 158, 
Part II. p. 31. 



O'Melaghlin was King of Ireland, 
but was deposed by Brien Boroimhe ; 
the O'Melaghlins were one of the five 
septs who had the privilege of using 
the English lawes. In the time of 
James I. the lands of O'M. were given 
to Clanricarde and Blundell. In Dil- 
lon's Infantry, in the time of James II. 
there was a Lieutenant O'M. The 
Four Masters record the names and 
deeds of one hundred of this royal 
family. The last entries are ' Nial, son 
of Phelim O'M.' tanist of Clan Colman, 
a prosperous and warlike man, and the 
best man of his age belonging to his 
tribe, was (in 1553) slain by O'M.' 
In IS57 'the castle of Rachra was de- 
molished by O'M.; after which war 
broke out between M c Coghlan and 
O'M.' 

There were 750 f. at Mullingar under 
L. Delvin, Dillon, Mynne, Stafford, 
Lionel Ghest, Winsor and Cooche. 



COUNTIE OF LONGFORD. 



THE COUNTIE OF LONGFORD. 

This Countie is a large quantitie of Land possessed by 
a people called the O'Ferralls, a and was in former tymes 
devided into 2, the Strongest of that Surname, the one which 
possessed the South part thereof, call Offerrall Bwy, or yallew 
O'Ferrall, the other Offerrall bane or Whyte Offerrall; which 
Two Surnames and Capitencies conjoined do make up this 
Countie. It hath the River of Sheynen and part of the Countie 
of Leitrim to the West, the Countie of Westmeath to the East 
and South, and the Countie of Dublin to the North. There is 
no Freeholders in it but the race of the O'Ferralls, saving of 
late one of the Nugents and one of the Nangles, and of the 
Dillons and Frances Shaen have free [Fee] farms and Leases of 
religious lands. 

They yeald to the Quene for all ceasses .200 by year 
which was given to S r Nic. malbee and his heyres males. 



a ' Longford, seu Anale, a numerosa 
gente o'Pharoll colitur, e qua sunt duo 
dynastae ; alter ad austrum dictus 
o'Pharoll Boy, i.e., Flavus; alter ad 
septentriones, o'Pharoll Ban,i.e.,Candi- 
dus. Angli autem inter illos admodum 
pauci, et illi jampridem ingressi.' 
Letterpress prefixed to Jansorfs Map 
of Connaugfit, published in 1610. 

When William O'F. died in 1445, 
one chief, Rosse, was supported by the 
Clan Murtogh, and Donal was put for- 
ward by the Clan Hugh, and Clan 
Shane; after much bloodshed Annaly 
was divided between the two rivals. 
About the middle of the i6th century 
there were five branches The O'F. 
Buidhe was Lord of Upper Annaly; the 



O'F. Bane was Lord of Lower Annaly; 
the Clan Muircheartaigh O'F. of 
Annaly; Clan Alave O'F. of Moydow 
near Sliev Goudry, the place of Inaugu- 
ration of the O'F.; the Clan Hugh 
O'F. chiefs of Killoe. Grandly 1 * Irish 
Families. 

In 1615 17,904 acres were allotted 
to strangers, 13,000 to members of the 
O'F. families, and the rest, in parcels, 
to old inhabitants. In 1641 the whole 
county, with the exception of the Castle 
of Longford, and Castle Forbes, was 
seized by the O'F. ; but at the close of 
that war it was nearly confiscated and 
distributed among new proprietors. 
Parliamentary Gazetteer of Ireland, in 
the Article on Longford. 

p 






STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Chief 

Gentlemen. 



The B. of Ardagh, 



Castles in this Countie? 
Longford belonging to the Quene. 
Granard belonging to S r Frances Shaen. 
( Offarrell Bwy. d 
\ Offarrell bane. 6 
( Fergus Offarell/ 

Sonnes to O'Farrell 
Bwy. 



Uriall Offarrell, 
Rorie Offarrell, 
Terg Offerrall. 



b The principal old castles which 
remain, either in whole or in part, are 
Granard, Tenalick, Castle-Cor, Rath- 
cline, and Ballymahon. Imperial Gaz. 
of Ireland. O 'Donovan, in his Letters 
on the Antiquities of Longford, mentions 
the castles of Mornin, Ardandra, Cam- 
magh, Castlereagh, Moat Farrell, Bavvn, 
and Ballinclare. MSS. J?. I. Aca- 
demy. 

c He was Knighted in 1602 ; he was a 
member of the sept of Clan-Shane 
O'Farrell ; he obtained considerable 
grants of land from the Crown, and 
successfully exposed great corruption 
in the Surveyors', Escheators', and 
Patent Offices in Dublin. He was M.P. 
for Galway in 1605. O 'Donwari 's 
Preface to Tribes of Ireland, p. 25. 

d The representatives for Longford in 
1585 were William O'F. Bane, and 
Fachtna O'F. Boy. 

c O'F. of Ballintober, son of O'F. 
Bane, was married to a dau. of the 
3 d Viscount Mountgarrett. Lodge. 

1 In 1599 Fergus O'F. died, and his 
death was the cause of lamentations in 
his own territory. Four Masters. 



The 3 rd L. of Upper Ossory, who 
succeeded to the title in 1581, had a 
son, Geffry of Ballyrahin, who married 
a dau. of Fergus O'F. of Tenelick. 
Lodge. 

A letter of Gerald Byrne to Sir J. 
Perrott in 1 590, gives us a vivid picture 
of these old times, and of the son of 
Fergus O'F. He says ' Whereas you 
asked me whether Fergus O'Ferral's son 
hath been with that traitor Feagh 
M c Hughe, it may please you to under- 
stand that, I being from home, the 
said Fergus his son came to my house 
in harvest last, and not finding me 
there went away and staid baiting his 
horses in my way as I should return 
homewards. When I saw the com- 
pany of horsemen I made toward them 
to see what they were, and I found 
him and another horseman well fur- 
nished with horse and armour, and a 
harper riding upon a hacney with 
them ; and asking whence they came 
and whither they wolde, they said they 
came from my howse, and wolde that 
night lie at Morgh MEdmond's howse, 
a neighbour of mine, whose daughter 



COUNTIE OF LONGFORD. 



Rosse Offerrall, 8 Sone and heyre to Offer- 
rail bane, now in rebellion, and Usur- 
peth the Captenship of the whole 
Countrie by Tirons help. 
Henrie Malbie's Sone. 
Sir Frances Shaen. 

Of this Countie some have followed Rosse Offerrall into 
Rebellion, his nomber is about 200. 



was married to Feagh M c Hugh's son. 
From thence they would go to Feagh 
M c Hugh's howse. There they tarried 
certain days, and, at their departure, 
Feagh gave Fergus his son a horse 
which was taken by Feagh a littill be- 
fore from Hugh Dufife M c Donnell, one 
of the L. of Ormonde's tenants in a 
prey.' 

From Russell's Diary in the Car. Cal. 
we find that on the 5* of Feb. 1596, 
'Phergus O'Farrell sent in the heads of 
Farrell O'Banne's son and another 
rebel.' 'June 20 the Lord of Delvine 
sent in one of the O'F. a notable rebel, 
who was taken and wounded by the 
Nugents he died of his wounds.' 

' Sept. 6 th the L. of Delvin sent in 
three of the O'Farrells' heads.' 

* Ross O'F. of Mornin, Chief of his 
name, married a dau. of the i st Earl of 
Roscommon. Lodge. 

In 1599 all the O'Ferrals were in re- 
bellion, except two chief men of that 
Family, and the Castle of Longford was 
held by an English Warde, and the 
Rebels were in number 120 foot. 
Moryson. 

'In 1595 O'Donnell marched into 



Longford or the two Annalys (the 
countries of the two O'F.) though the 
English had some time before obtained 
sway over them, and one of the 
English, Browne by name, was then 
dwelling in the chief house of O'F. 
The troops of O'Donnell set every place ' 
in a blaze, and wrapped it in a black 
heavy cloud of smoke. They took the 
Castle of Longford, saved Brown and 
his brother-in-law and their wives by a 
rope ; but fifteen men of that country, 
hostages whom Brown held, could not 
be saved. Three other castles were 
also taken by O'Donnell, and on these 
occasions many were slain, of whom 
one of the freeborn, Hubert O'F., who 
was accidentally slain by Maguire. 

'In 1597 an army was led by 
Maguire at the instance of the O'Far- 
rells to Mullingar, and they preyed the 
country around them, pillaged Mullin- 
gar, and set the town in a dark red 
blaze. In 1598 O'Ruairc at the in- 
stance of Ross O'F. Bane, proceeded 
with his forces into Heath, and plun- 
dered Mullingar, and the country from 
Mullingar to Ballymore Lough Sewdy.' 
Four Masters. 



n6 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



This Countie hath never a Towne but Longford, which is 
onlie a market Towne. h 



h O'F., a Dominican, was made Bp. 
of Clonfert by Pope Sixtus V. in 1587, 
he died in 1602. O'F., a Franciscan, 
was put to death in 1588. 

In 1689 Roger and Robert O'F. 
were Members for Longford, and 
Roger O'F. was M.P. for Lanesborough. 
Richard O'F. was a distinguished Com- 
mander under Owen Roe, and Col. 
Sir Connell F. of Tirlicken, and 
Charles and Francis F. of Mornin 
were in the Army of James II. Eight 
of the Sept were attainted in Longford 
in 1691. In the year 1703 Marl- 
borough wrote to the Duke of Ormond : 
' I give your Grace this trouble at the 
request of my old acquaintance Briga- 
dier Offarel.' A daughter of this Gene- 
ral O'F. married the first Earl of 
Effingham. 

When O'Donovan, wrote his Letters 



on the Antiquities of Longford, Connell 
O'Farrell of Camlisk was the recog- 
nised senior of the O'Farrells, and 
retained fifty acres (free of rent) of the 
original territory. The chief repre- 
sentative of the name, at present, is the 
Right Hon. R. More O'Ferrall of Balyna 
in the Co. of Kildare, who has been a 
Lord of the Treasury, Secretary to the 
Admiralty, and Governor of Malta. 
He was in 1851 Member for Longford 
County, which is now represented by 
his nephew, George Errington, Esq., and 
by Major O'Reilly, who is a descendant 
of Edmond, Chief of Breifny O'Reilly in 
1598. His brother, John L. More 
O'Ferrall, Esq., is D.L. for Longford, 
and proprietor of Lissard, concerning 
which historic spot consult O'Donovan's 
Letters on the Antiquities of Longford, 
in the Royal Irish Academy. 



COUNTIE OF CAVAN. 



117 



THE COUNTIE OF CAVAN. 

This Countie of Cavan a contayned all the Lands called here- 
tofore O'Reillies Countie [in the original the word seemeth to 
be Omelie, but in my opinion 15 should be read O'Reilie, as 
also in the names of the Chieftains], which was ever till Sir 
John Perot's tyme under one Capten, was then divided into 
fowre Lps. c and each subdivided into manie portions and Free- " 
holders, and no one of the 4 principall depending upon ether, 
but all immediatelie upon the Quene. d The L. were Sir John 



"In 1579 it was stated that 'never 
writ was current in O'Reilly's countrie, 
and it was almost a sacrilege for any 
Governor of Ireland to look into that 
territory.' S. P., quoted by H. F. 
Hore. 

b The transcriber is right in this 
marginal note. Dymmok calls it 
'OReilie's country,' and says it 'con- 
teyneth 30 miles in length and 30 
in breadth.' 

c i.e. 'Lordships.' Marginal note. 

d In a Lambeth Manuscript we read 
that 'The Breny, now called the countie 
of Cavan, hath been tyme out of minde 
whollie in the jurisdiction of him that 
for the tyme was O'Reillye, that is to 
say Lord of the Countrie; but when 
the partition was made by Sir H. 
Sidney, the baronies were then divided 
among the principal gentlemen of the 
O'Reillies viz., to Sir John O'R. and 



Clankoe). To Moylmore mac an 
Prior, and his brother, the barony of 
Rathnarome.' Note in O'D.'s Four 
Masters, p. 1809. 

Sir W. Drury wrote to Walsingham 
about the O'Reillies 'In June 1579, 
when I was staying at Sir Lucas Dillon's 
howse seven miles from Kelles, four 
German Barons came, who were visiting 
Ireland, and said that after having 
seen Galway, Limerick, and some other 
post towns, they would go to Scotland. 
I lodged them at Trim in Laurence 
Hammond's house, sending Patrick 
Barnwall, gent., with them as a com- 
panion. While they and I were at 
service the day after Whitson Sunday, 
Orelie with his brother Philip and his 
uncle Edmond and 30 horsemen well 
furnished cam (unlocked for) to pre- 
sent to me a submission in behalf of 
himself and his whole countrie to 



his heirs the baronies of Cavan, Tol- have his people framed to English 



laghgarvy, Tolloconho, and Tolloha. 
To Edmond O'R. and his heirs the 
barony of Castlerahin. To Philip O'R. 



manners, his countrie made shere 
ground, and subject to law under her 
Majesty's writ. I thought it good to 



and his heirs the bar. of Iniskine (now honor with the title of Knighthoode. 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Amelie, 1 Edmond Amelie, Phillip amelie, and Hugh reaghe 



But how straunge the view of these 
savadges parsonadges (most of them 
wearing glibbes and armed in mail with 
pesantses and skulls and riding upon 
pillions), seemed to o r straungers I leave 
it to yo 1 wisdom to thinke of. And so 
myself and the traine together with 
these strangers and Oreighlie with his 
company, being entertained with the 
said Sir Lucas, we parted.' 

e Sir John Ruadh O'R. was son of 
the chieftain Hugh, who died in 1583 ; 
he had two brothers Philip and Owen, 
and four sisters who were mar. to Hugh 
MacGuiness, Conor Maguire, Mac 
Ferroll O'Reilly, and Plunket of Clon- 
brene. This Sir John, ' by order out 
of England, anno 1587, was made 
Captain of Breny O'Reilly, and his 
uncle Edmond was confirmed Tanist.' 
Note to Four Masters, p. 1811. 

Shan was Knighted at the English 
Court in 1 5 85 ; and then he described the 
extent and the rents of the five baronies 
of the Breny; he complained that 'his 
uncle Mulmore Mac Prior O'R. of 
Clonmahon hath threatened Sir John's 
tenants of Dowold-Donall, and their 
said lands are waste, etc. O'R., by 
ancient custom, had always out of the 
five baronies xlv libr. each, as often as 
he had any cause to cesse the said 
baronies, either for the Queen's rents, 
or for any charge towards O'Neil, or 
other matter, which sometimes was 
twice or thrice a yeare, and every time 
xlv lib. to his own use besides the 
charge of the cesse. Likewise all 



manner of charges, that his son or his 
men were put into by reason of their 
beinge in pledge or attending in Dublin 
or elsewhere for matter of the said 
O'R. Item, all manner of fees, etc., 
given to any learned counsel!, solicitor, 
or agent for the causes of the contry ; 
out of every 8 pooles of lande through- 
out the five baronies one fatt beefTe for 
the spendinge of his house, one horse 
for himselfe, one horse for his wife, one 
horse for his son and heir with one 
boy attending upon every horse, kept 
through the whole five baronies yearly. 
Item, to cesse upon the Mac Bradies, 
the M c Enroes, the Gones, and the 
Jordans, by the space of iii quarters of 
a yeare yearly, one foteman upon every 
poole, which the said surnames had, to 
keep his cattle, to reap and bynd his 
corne, to thrashe, hedge and ditch, etc., 
for the said O'R. Item, the said O'R. 
had upon the Bradies, the Gones, the 
M c Enroes and the Jordans out of 
every poole of land yearly, thre quarters 
of a fatt beeffe, and out of every two 
pooles one fatt porke, and also the ces- 
sing of strangers, their men and horses, 
as often as any did come in friendship 
to the country. Item, all charges for 
workmen, stofe, and labourers, and 
victualls for the building and maintain- 
ing of his Castell of the Cavan ; the 
duties of the town of Cavan as rent, 
drink, etc., now taken and not denied. 
Sir John O'Jt.'s Answers to queries 
of the English Commissioners in 1585. 
Carew MSS. 



COUNTIE OF CAVAN. 



119 



Amilie; but so soon as S r John died, Phillip Amelia/ being the 
third (and Edmond being for Age impotent), Usurped the Countie 
and reversed all this division being chieflie sturred up thereunto 
by the Earle of Tyrone, whom he thought Especiallie good to 
draw into his Faction, because he was a Man of great courage 
and of many followers, and who might have much annoyed the 
Earle of Tyrone, if he had continued his Loyaltie. This Phillip 
being slaine by one of Tyrone's Souldiers negligentlie, S r Ed- 
mond g the old man enjoyeth the Government of the Countrie, 



1 In 1596 Philip O'R. was nominated 
by O'Neill as O'R. over all Breifne', but 
he was soon after accidentally slain 
by O'Neill's people, and then Emann 
son of Maelmora, who was senior to 
the other two Lords, was styled O'R. 
Four Masters. 

'In 1 60 1 Emann, the son of Mael- 
mora, son of Sean, son of Cathal, died 
in the month of April. He was an 
aged, grey-headed, long-memoried man, 
and had been quick and vivacious in 
his mind and intellect in his youth. 
He was buried in the Monastery 
of S' Francis at Cavan, and his 
brother's son, namely, Eoghan, son of 
Hugh Conallagh, was elected in his 
place. Four Masters, p. 2243. 

This Emann was chief of East 
Breifny; he was a member of the par- 
liament of 1585. The Four Masters 
record that in 1583 'Emann's brother 
Hugh died; he was a man who had 
passed his time without contests, and 
who had preserved Breifne from the in- 
vasions of his English and Irish 
enemies ; he was buried in the monas- 
tery of Cavan. The son of this O'R., 



namely John Roe, then exerted himself 
to acquire the chieftainship of the 
territory, through the power of the 
English, in opposition to Emann (his 
uncle) who was senior according to 
Irish usage. In consequence of this 
the country and lordship were divided 
between the descendants of Maoil- 
mordha.' 

Emann was elected chief in 1598. 
So early as the year 1558 Emann and 
his brother Hugh made a covenant with 
the English Government ; and again in 
1567, when they promised among 
other things that they would pursue 
their brother Cahier O'R., Owen O'R., 
and Thomas O'R., 'mine rebelles, et 
eos ferro et flamma punire.' Note to 
Four Masters, p. 1804 to 1808, see 
also p. 1997. 

From Emann descend the O'R. 
formerly of Heath House, Queen's Co.; 
of Thomastown Castle in Louth ; of 
Scarva in Antrim; and the Count O'R. 
of Spain; Miles W. O'R. of Knock 
Abbey, is descended from him by 
father and mother. Seventh in descent 
from Emann was Count O'R.,Generalis- 



120 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



who is assisted by the Sone of S r John Amelie who having slaine 
one Mortaghe oge Cavanaghe that was upon protection, durst 
not abide Trial, but fled to Tyrone with whom he hath remained 
ever since. 11 These Amilies is a strong and valiant clan, they 
are able to make 400 good Horsemen and some Footmen.' The 
chief Freeholder under them is one M c brady. This Countie is 
bounded with the Countie of Leytrim to the West, the Counties 
of Fermanagh and Monaghan to the North, the Countie of 
Eastmeath to the East, and Westmeath to the South. There 



simo of His Catholic Majesty's forces, 
Inspector General of infantry, Grand 
Commander of the Order of Calatrava, 
Captain General of Andalusia, Civil and 
Military Governor of Cadiz, etc. 

Emann married a dau. of the Baron 
of Dunsaney, and had Cahir, John, 
and Terence Neirinn (from whom O'R. 
of Scarva) ; he married 2 ly a dau. of 
Baron Delvin, and had Myles, Farrell, 
and Charles. His son John married a 
dau. of Sir James Butler, and had a 
son Brian, who d. in 1631, and was the 
father of Maelmora, known as ' Myles 
the Slasher,' a distinguished cavalry 
officer of the war of 1641. 

Emann had also two sons, Turlogh 
Gallda (or the Anglicised) and Turlogh- 
an-iarainn (or of the Iron). 

Owen, who succeeded Emann as 
chief, d. in 1601, and was succeeded 
by Maelmora, the fourth son of Hugh 
Conallagh,and last chief of EastBreifne, 
who enjoyed that dignity till the Plan- 
tation of 1609; he died in 1635. 
Note to O'D.'s Four Masters, p. 2240. 

h Maolmora, another son of Sir John, 



'a young man of fine person great 
valour and ambition,' mar. a niece of 
the Earl of Ormond, joined the Eng- 
lish, was received with favour by Eliza- 
beth, got a grant of lands in Cavan 
under letters patent with the 'promise 
of an Earldom. He was commander 
of horse in the English service, and 
was killed at the battle of the Yellow 
Ford in 1598 while covering the 
retreat of the English. D 'Alton's 
Army List, p. 925. 

' Moryson says this county was in 
Ulster, and that ' the Orelyes in the 
Brennyhad 800 f. and 100 horse.' 

Dymmok writes, 'They are a stronge 
nation, able to make of their own 
sirname 400 horse ; they are sayd to 
be aunciently descended from the Rid- 
leys of England.' Dimmok, p. 16. 

This is an honour to which the 
O'Reillies cannot pretend, as they are 
' meere Irishe.' Their Celtic pedigree is 
well known. Before the Normans 
came to Ireland, warriors of that name 
were slain in the years 1128, 1157, 
and 1161. 



COUNTIE OF CAVAN. 



121 



is no Towne in it but the Cavan k a market Towne wherein are 
2 Strong Castles, Several small Castles, and the Several 
dwellings of the Amelies, whereof there is none of name. 1 The 
Bishop of Kilmore is Ordinarie both to Countie of Cavan and 
Leytrim. 



k In 1595 an army wasledbyMaguire 
and MacMahon into Breifny O'R.j and 
theyquicklyplundered that country,and 
left not a cabin in which two or three 
might be sheltered in all Cavan which 
they did not burn, except the Monastery 
of Cavan, in which English soldiers 
were at that time. Four Masters, 
p. 1959. 

1 According to Py mar's Survey, 
dated 1 6 1 8' The Precinct of Clanchie 
was allotted to Scotch undertakers ; it 
contained 6000 acres ; in the Precinct 
of Castlerahin 3900 to English, and 
900 left to Shane M c Philip O'Reilly, on 
this he had an Irish House surrounded 
. by a bawn of Sodds. In the Precinct 
of Tullaghgarry 2250 acres to English; 
1000 acres called Itterry-outra to Mul- 
morie MThilip O'R., he had a strong 
bawn of Sodds with four flankers, and a 
deep Moate, a good Irish house with- 
in it he hath made no estates. Cap- 
tain Reley hath 1000 acres called 
Lisconnor all his tenants do Plough 
by the Tail. Mulmorie Oge O'R. 
hath 3000 acres, and in it an old 
Castle now builc up. He hath made no 
estates to any of his tenants, and they 
do all plough by the Tail. Captain 



Richard Tirrell and his brother William 
have 2000 acres called Itterrery. Upon 
this is built a strong bawn of lime 
and stone 80 feet square, 12 feet high, 
with four flankers. He hath made no 
estates. Maurice M c Telligh hath 3000 
acres called Liscurcron. Here is a 
bawn of sodds and in it a good Irish 
House. In the Precinct of Loghtee 
12,004 acres allotted to English under- 
takers. 

'In the Precintof Clonmahown 4500 
acres to English; and MulmoryM c Hugh 
O'R. hath 2000 acres called Commot, 
and a strong house of lime and stones 
40 f. long, 20 f. broad, three stories 
high, and a bawn about it of Sodds. 
He hath no estates. Philip M'Tirlagh 
hath 300 acres and an Irish House 
and bawn. In Tullaconchie 6000 
acres to English. In Tullagha 4500 
acres to English ; and Magauran, a 
Native, hath 1000 acres.' 

Dr. M'Dermot, in a note to the Four 
Masters, says that 'It is estimated that 
there are over 20,000 people named 
O'Reilly in the Co. of Cavan.' I may 
add that there are more priests of that 
name than of any other Irish name; 
they number about eighty. 



CONNAUGHT. 



CoNNAUGHT a contayneth all the Lands Circuited with the great 
Ocean between the River of Earne near Asherow in Odonells 
Countrie and the River of Sheynen, where it falleth into the Sea 
beneath Limerick. It is in manner ane Hand, because to the 
North and West it hath the Sea, To the South and West the 
Sheynen, to the North-east the Lough and River b of Earne, 
onlie a small piece between the Earne and the Sheynen leaveth 
in that part not Circuited. 



* 'A Description of the Province of 
Connauglit,' dated 'January, 1612,' pre- 
served in British Museum, and published 
in Vol. 27 of the Archaeologia, says 
' Connaght, by the antient division 
amonge the Irish was accompted the 
the fifte parte or Cocge of the Hand of 
Ireland, and was then and is still called 
by the name of Cocge Connaght, and 
contynewed the name and stile of a 
Kingdome in the posterity of Con Ked- 
cagh, one of the three races discended 
of Mylle Spaynagh whome all the 
Cronicles of Ireland agree to be the 
absolute conqueror of the whole island.' 

' Off this Cocge Conaght, a porcon 
now called Thomond, lyinge towards 
the Sowth, to the river of Shenan, 
whether by gift or conquest hath beene 
a long time possest by the O'Brians, 
beinge discended of another race of 
Mylle Spaynagh, whoe at this day 
enioye yt. The earle of Thomond 
beinge the Cheeffe of that name ; yett 
it was helde within the government of 
Connaght till the beginninge of his 



Ma tles raigne to gratefie the Earle of 
Thomond. The Earle of Clanriccard 
was contented it shold be divided from 
the government of Connaght. 

' Until the beginning of the reigne of 
Queen Elizabeth the ordinary Justice 
of the Kingdome hadd little passage in 
Conaght the English races remayninge 
under the rule of the Bowrks, and the 
Irishry under the Cheeffes of every 
particular septe, the whole province 
bearinge the name of the County of 
Conaght whereof there was one Sher- 
riffe whom the people little respected, 
at what time the said Queene erected a 
presideall seat, and establyshed a Presi- 
dent andCouncell for the administration 
of justice within the province, and de- 
vided yt into five shyers which ordinance 
continues unto this time. 

b ' The river of Ballashennagh and 
the Loghe Ecarne.' Description of 
Connaght in 1612. 

c ' Leaveth that parte uninclosed. 
Dymmok. 

'It is a fruitful province but hath 



CONNAUGHT. 

In Connaught are Six Counties, 



123 



Clare 
Gal way 



Maio 
Slego 



many Boggs, and thick woods.' Mory- 
son, Part iii., p. 158. 

1 The insurgent forces there in April 
1599, were 3090 f. and 260 horse.' 
Car. Cat., year 1599, p. 300. 

' Her Majesty has to keep a force of 
2300 f. and 75 horse ; and such is the 
waste and ruin, specially in grain, as 
we are driven to victual most of these 
companies out of her Majesty's store.' 
Nov. 5, 1597, Car. Cal. 

The Queen's forces in 1599 were: 
Horse Earl of Clanrickard, 50; Pro- 
vost Marshal, 10; Sir Theobald Dillon, 
15 ; Captain Blunt, 12. Foote E. of 
Clanrickard, 100 ; E. of Dunkellin, 
150; Sir A. Savage, 200 ; Sir Thomas 
Burke, 100 ; Sir H. O'Connor, 100 ; 
Sir T. Dillon, 100 ; Badbye, 150; 
Plunket, 100 ; Mostian, 100 ; Tibot ne 
Long, 100 ; Floyd, 150; Roper, 150; 
Oliver Burke, 100 ; T. Burke, 100 ; 
David Bourke, 100. Total, horse, 87 ; 
foot, 1800. Moryson. 

In 1602 there were 151 h. and 2100 
{.Car. Cal. 

Connaught was of all provinces ' the 
most troublesome in 1588,' the most 
out of order in 1601 ; 'being ever a 
rebellious province of itself, the less 
counties the governor hath to govern 
the better, and hence Clare should not 
be added to it' Car. Cal. year 1588, 
p. 3 ; year 1601, pp. 49 and 174. 



Leytrim 
Roscoman. 

Sir Conyers Clifford reported in 
September 1597, that the total number 
of men now in action is 2600 at least. 
In April 1597, we are told that 'not one 
of the six shires is free from revolt ; 
Clifford with 2 1 companies of foot and a 
half, besides horse, is not strong enough 
to reduce them, for his companies are 
weak, and O'Donnell tyranizeth over 
most of these people at his pleasure.' 

Sir Conyers Clifford, a brave and 
good man, with 1900 foot under 25 en- 
signs and with about 200 horse, was 
defeated by 400 Irish under O'Rurke. 
He was wounded, and was so indignant 
at the flight of his men that 'he brake 
in a fury away from Sir J. Mac Swine 
and Capt. Oliver Burke's lieutenant, 
who wanted to save him by taking him 
off the field ; and alone he rushed on 
the pursuers, in the midst of whom 
after he was stroake through the body 
with a pike ; he died fighting.' Dym- 
mok. 

'The Irish of Connaught were not 
pleased at his death, for he had been a 
bestower of jewels and riches upon 
them, and he had never told them a 
faslehood.' Four Masters. 

' In 1600 O'Donnell made an incur- 
sion into Clanrickard and Clare, in 
which he was joined by O'Rourke, 
O'Connor Sligo, O'Connor Roe, M c Der- 
mot, and M c William.' Four Masters. 



124 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



THE COUNTIE OF CLARE.' 

This Countie beareth the name of the Castle of Clare belong- 
of Thomond. It contayneth Nine baronies b 



ing to the Earle 

* Carew writes to Cecil in June 1602, 
' The Earle of Thomond hath no other 
suit in England but to annex Thomond 
to Munster, which if he may not obtain 
his heart is broken.' 

' In the county of Clare when I be- 
held the appearance and fashion of the 
people, I would I had been in "Ulster 
again ; for these are as mere Irish 
as they, and in their outward form 
not much unlike them ; but we found 
that many of them spake good English, 
and understood the course of our pro- 
ceedings well. The best freeholders 
nextto the O'Briens are the M c Nemaraes 
and the O'Laneyes, the chief of which 
appeared in civil habit and fashion, the 
rest are not so reformed as the people 
of Munster.' Sir J. Davis, Car. Cal. 
May 1606. 

b A Trinity Coll. MS., marked E. 2. 
14, and the Carew MSS., vol. 611, give 
the following account of Clare : 

It conteyneth whole Thomond being 
in length from Leyme Concollen to 
Killalowe 45 myles, and in bredth from 
Lymericke to Beallaleynee 25 myles, 
which of auncient tyme was devic'.ed 
into 9 Troghkyeds or hundreds, and is 
nowe appoynted to be conteyned in 8 
Baronies. 

The Barony of Tullaghnenaspule con- 
teyneth Macnemaries als Mortimers 



country by East; the Baron of Inshy- 
quyn and Donel Reogh mac ne 
mare chief in the Same. The castles 
are 38 in number. 

Gentlemen, and their Castles. 
Donell Reogh, of Tullaghe 
Edmunde O'Grady, of Toymegreene 
Edmunde O'Grady, of Muyno 
Donogh and ^ of ffertan 
Rory Macnemare ) Garongharagh 
Donell Reogh Macnemare, ffyckle- 

nearly 

Rorye Mac ne Mares Sons, Hand Cahir 
Donogh Mac ne Mare, of Kilallowe 
Muriertagh, Gustos of Obriens bridge 
The Baron of Inshiquin, of Castell 

Loghe 

Sohane ne Geyllagh, of Dunasse 
Donel Roe, of Cullistecke 
Teige oge M c Conmea, Neadennury, 
Tirilogh M c Donel roo, Glanomra 
Donel Reoghe, Sohort Castel in 
Tirlagh Obrien, of Glanoradone 
Shida M'Rory, Moynengeanagh 
Shane M c Namares, Son of Moyin- 

tallone 

Donell Reogh, Tyrowanyn 
Shane M c Mahoun, Euaghhowleyne 
Shane M c Donell, of Beallakullen 
Brian M c Donell Roo, Ballgarilly 
Cornea M c Mahown, Ballmitlayne 
Therle of Thomond, of Castell Callogh 
Donogh M c Conoghor, Ahereynagh 
fiymyn M c Laghlin, of Roscoe 



COUNTY OF CLARE. 



125 



and 2 small Byshopricks, Killallo, and Kilfeneraghe, the former 
subject to the Archbishop of Cashell in Mounster the Latter to 
the Archbishop of Tooam. This Countie is situated between 
two Bayes of Limerick and Galloway, the one to the East and 
the other to the West the Countie of Galloway to the North 
and the Sheynan to the South-east. It hath 2 market 
Townes Inish and [ ] and in each ane Abbey, 



Tege Oultagh, Ballymogashill 
Coverey M c Shanerey, Quaronenvyre 

Cullan 

Rory M c Mahown, of Kelkissin 
Lysofine 
Lysmieghan 
Tirilogh Obrien, of ffomara 

and of Tyriedagha 
Shane M c Nemara, Caeppagh 
Edmund O'Grady, Sheriffe 

Trugh 
Rory Moell M c fiynnyn, Beallagha 

The Barony of Dangen conteyninge 
West Mac ne Mares Countrey. Shane 
Mac ne mare Chief in the Same. 
Castles, 43. 

Gentlemen, and their Castles. 
Shane Mac ne mare, of Dangen 

and of Croppoke 
Tirilagh Obrien, of Croppoke 
Sohane Mac ne mare, of Dangan breake 
Donogh M c Murrogh Obrien, Qyynhi 
Domea Mac Mahown, Dromollyn 
William Nellan, Beallahanyn 
Brene Obrien, of Castleton Nene- 

nanogh 
James Nellan, of Ballycaston 

Ballyally 

Conoghor Maglanthy, Ballycharelle 
Mughane 



DonoghObrien, Ballychara 

Donel M c Shida Matagh, Granaghane 

Shane Qmulhonery, Ballynegeyne 

Donel M c Sohida, Ralahyn 

Therle of Thomond, Rosmonagher 

ffynnin M c laghlin, Legwaro 

Donel M c Tege, Crathallaghmore 

Shane M Nemare, Crathallaghmoello 

Therle of Thomond, Bunratty 

and of Cloynmoneagh 
Donel M c ne mare, Crathallaghkell 
Muriertagh Obrien, Dromloyne 
Donogh Maglanchy, of Claynloghane 
TegeMaglanchy, of Balleneclogh 
Muriertagh Maglanchy, Nerlyn 
Brien na fforiry, of ffynis 
Macenery heny, of Ballenecraige 
Donogh Obrien, of Raehavellayne 
Tege M c Murrogh, Ballyconill 
Donogh O'Gradey, Cloyne 
Shan Mac mahown, Corballe 
Donogh Maglanchy, Bodovoher 

The Baronie of Cloynetherala con- 
teyninge East Corkewasten. Tege 
Mac Mahoone Chiefe in the Same, 
Castles, 7. 

Gentlemen, and their Castles. 
Tege Mac Mahown, of Dangen My- 
burke 

and of Cloynetheralla 



126 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Bonrattie the Earle of Thomond's chief Hous 
Clare belonging to him also 
Cowland 

Principall Inchequin belonging to the Baron thereof 
Castles Towne 

Dunnas M r - Waterhous 
Ballivaghan belonging to Sir Turloghe O'Bryen 



and of Cahiracon 
and of Ballamacollman 

Derecrossan 
Tege M c Coner Obrien, of Corubirig- 

hane 
Tege M c Muriertagh Cam, Dunegroek 

The Baronie of Moyartha which 
conteyneth West Corke-Wasken. Tir- 
lagh M'Mahoun Cheife in y e Same. 
Castles, 8. 

Gentlemen, and their Castles. 
Charles Cahane, of Inyshkathyn. This 
man by inheritance is called a Cour- 
boe. 

James Cahane, of Ballykette 
Tirlagh M c Mahown, of Carrighowly 
and of Moyartha 
and of Dunlykill 

Dunsumayn 

So r Donell Obrien, Knight, Dunmore 
and of Dunbeg 

The Baronie of Tuogh Morey Conor 
conteyninge Corkemroe. So r Donell 
Obrien, Knight, Cheife in y e Same. 
Castles, 23. 

Gentlemen, and their Castles. 
O'Conor, of Inysdyman 
So' Donell, of Glan 

and of Ballighanyre 



Tullowmore 
Tege M c Murrogh, of ffante 

Ballyngowne 
Inshcovee 
Ballighany 
Ravine 

Sir Donell O'Brien, of Beancoroe 
Tege M c Murrogh, of Cahirmenayn 
So' Donel Obrien, of Tullagh 
Tege M c Murrogh, Leymenegh 
So' Donell Obrien, of Dunegoir 
Tege M c Murrogh, of Dumnycphellen 

Knockefyne 

Conogher Maghanchy, Tuomolyn 
Tege M c Murrogh, of Ballenelakyn 
and of Beallaghe 
Loghbuligin 
Kylmua 
So" Donell, of Dughe 

and of Lyscanuire 

The Baronie of Gragans conteyning 
the countrey of Buren. O'Loghlen, 
Cheife in the Same. Castles, 20. 
Gentlemen, and their Castles. 
Ologhen, of Cahirclogan 

Lysiglysin 

Cahiricnacty 

Ballemoroghee 

Moghenees 

Glensteed 



COUNTY OF CLARE. 



127 



Men. of Name The Earle of Thomond his name Obryan. 
in this Countie The L. Baron of Inchiquin, his name in like 

sort O'Bryen. 

The Baron of Inshiquin, Dereowen 

Manygriffane 

Mahown Obrien, of Cloynenouayne 
Dermot Obrien, of Cloyneseleherne 
Owarow negule 

Owen M c Swyne, Dunymulvihill 
Carigentogher 

Owen M c Syne, Bealnefirvearnayn 
Donell Moel Odea, Desert 
Mahown the B. Sonne, Kilkidry 



Ologhlen, of Gragan 

Glanoeynagh 

Ballyveaghane 

Shanemokenes 

Novknesno 

Kynveare 

Turlagh 

Glancollayn 

Killy 

Nacapaghee 

Castleton 

Ballyheaghayne 

Kreaghwill 

Rugham 

The Baron ie of Tullagh Idea. So' 
Donell Obrien, Knight, Cheife in the 
Same. Castles, 24. 

Gentlemen, and their Castles. 
The Baron of Inshiquin, Inshiquin 
S or Donell, of Killinbury 
Mahown M'brene O'brien, Bally- 
crottry 

Quarowduffe 
Tirm c brayne 

Tege M'Murrogh, of Bohneill 
Muriertagh Garagh, Cahir Corkrayne 

Rahe 

Tege m'Murrogh, of Dromenglasse 
Mahown Odea, of Beallnelykee 
Mowghowny 
Ogriffee, of BallygrifFee 
Donogh Duffee M c Cosedin, of Bally- 

haraghan 
Therle of Thomonde, Moethrie 



The Baronie Cloynerawde, contey- 
ninge y c troghkied of Cloynrawde and 
y c Hands. Therle of Thomonde, Cheife 
in the Same. Castles, 19. 

Gentlemen, and their Castles. 
Therle of Thomond, Clonrawde 
and of Clare 
and of Inish 
The Baron of Inshiquyn, Killoyne 

and of Ballevecoode 
Conogher Maglanchy, Enenshy 
Brene Duffe, of Shally 
Tege M c Murroghe, Moghoony 
Tege M'Conor O'brien, Inishvacwo- 
chhy 

and of Inishdaghrome 
and of Inishnivar 
M c Gylerervgh, of Craigurien 

Tirviglay 

M c Graigh, of Ilandvecraigh 
Tege M c Conor, of Beallchoricke 
The Baron of Ibrikan the \ 

Earle of Towmond's > Moyobrakan 
eldest Sonne 



128 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



The Two Byshops 
S r Turlogh O' Bryan 
M c ne marre Reaghe d 
M c Mahon e 



M c ne marre feu d 
George Blunt of Dunas 



Therle of Thomond, Cahif Rivish 
Tege Mac Conogher, Tromra 
Tege Mac Murrogh, Dunogane 

There are 8 Baronies, 79 parish 
churches, and 172 castles, and 8 
Abbayes. 

The Abbayes and Religious Houses are 
Th abbay of Clare possessed by S or 
Donell and Tege M c Cono r his 
brother. 

Inish by James Nellan. 
St. John's a nunrye by 
y c Baron of Inshiquyn. 

Corkomoree. 
Hand Chanens by Therle 
of Thomonde. 

Kiltena. 

Quynhye, occupied by 
ffreers. 
Th abbey of Insh Cronan. 

From Car. CaZ., year 1601-1603, p. 
472, it appears that this Description 
was written by Sir T. Cusack in 1574. 
c In 601 Sir Torlogh's son and heir, 
Teig, was mortally wounded fighting 
against the English ; he was taken care 
of by his enemy and kinsman, Lord 
Dunkellin ; but soon died and ' was 
buried successively at Loughrea and 
Athenry." ' He was expert at every 
warlike weapon, of remarkable energy, 
agility, mildness, comeliness and hospi- 



tality.' In 1602 Torlogh and Conor 
O'JJ. were driven out of the castles of 
Derryowen and Ballyanchaislen by the 
Earl of Thomond. Torlogh escaped, 
but the chieftains Conor and Brian 
O'B., with their followers, were hanged 
on trees in pairs face to face. In 1602 
Torlogh, grandson of Bishop O'B. was 
slain by Burke of Derrymaclachtny. 
Four Masters. Morogh O'B. of Duagh 
lived at this time, and had a son mar. 
to a dau. of Edward O'Hogan. Lodge. 

d ' The two Mac Namaras, if the 
countrie were quiet, might live like 
principal Knights in England.' Syd- 
ney's Letters, fol. vol. i., p. 102. ' Mac 
Conmara Fionn (John so:i of Teig) d. 
in 1602 ; his son Donnall took his 
place.' Four Masters. 

c Teig Caoch M C M., Lord of West 
Corcabhascin, captured an English 
ship in 1598, which put in near his 
Castle of Carriganchobhlaigh (Carriga- 
holt) ; he also took back Dunbeg, one 
of his own castles, from a Limerick 
merchant who 'held it in lieu of debt;' 
in 1599 he was driven out of his terri- 
tory by Lord Thomond; he then joined 
the Earl of Desmond, assaulted by 
night Thomond's son, Donnall, wound- 
ed him, slew many of his people 
and imprisoned him. In 1602, being 
asked by O'Sullevan for a loan of 



COUNTY OF CLARE. 



129 



h 1 









Ogardie 
Oneyland 8 
O'Laughlin 
O'clanchey h 

his ship to send to Spain for assist- 
ance, he refused, sent his son and 
other guards to defend it, and when 
O'Sullevan approached in a boat to 
seize it, Teig, who was with him, called 
to his men to fire on O'Sullevan, and 
was accidentally shot by his own son. 
' There was no triocha-chead (barony) 
of which Teig was not worthy to be 
Lord, for dexterity of hand and bounty, 
for purchase of wines, horses and lite- 
rary works. Mortagh M C M. of Cno- 
canlacha d. in 1598.' Four Masters. 

! Slain in 1599 by Turlogh O'Brien, 
whose lands he held. 

* James O'N., who kept open house, 
d. in 1599. 

h Baolach M c Clancy of Cnoc-Finn d. 
in 1598 ; he was fluent in Latin, Irish 
and English ; was M.P. for Clare in 
1585. Also Maolin Oge M c Brody, 
who in 1563 succeeded his brother as 
Ollav of Hy-Bracan and Hy-Fearmaac, 
d. at Ballybrody in 1602. There was 
no one in Eire who was, together, a 
better historian, poet, and rhymer than 
he. Four Masters. 

O'Daly had a white house at Finny- 
vara, 'great its wealth, bestowing 
without folly; it were a sufficiently 
loud organ to hear his pupils reciting 
the melodies of the ancient schools.' 
Tribes of Ireland. 



George Cusack f 
Edward Mostyne 
Edward Whyte 
M r - Waterhous. 

Dermot O'Dea of Tully O'Dea was 
killed in 1598; Hugh O'Hogan was 
slain in 1597, in a battle between the 
O'Briens and the Clanwilliam Burkes ; 
' he was by no means the least distin- 
guished son of a chieftain for goodness 
and wealth.' Four Masters. 

In 1585 the 'Lords spirituall and 
temporal!, chieftains, gents, &c., of 
Thomond were Donogh Earle of Tho- 
mond ; Murrough lord baron of Inchie- 
quin; the Reverend fathers in God, 
Mauricius Bishopp of Kyllalowe ; 
Daniell elect bishop of Kyllffinoraghe ; 
Donogh O'Horane dean of Kyllalow; 
Daniell Shinnaghe, deane of Kyllfi- 
noraghe; Denis, arch-deacon of the 
same; Sir Edward Waterhouse of 
Downassee, knt. ; Sir Tyrrelagh 
O'Brien of Ennestyvey, knt. ; John 
M c nemara of Knappock, otherwise 
called M c Nemarra of Westcloncullun ; 
Donell Reagh M c Nemarragh, ofGar- 
rowelagh, otherwise called M c Nemar- 
raghe of East Cloncullin; Teige 
M c Mahoune of Clonderralae, otherwise 
called M c Mahoune of Castle-Corko- 
waskin; Tyrrelaghe M'Mahoune of 
Moyurtye, chief of his name in West 
Corkowaskin ; Moriertagh O'Brien of 
Dromeleyne,gen. ; Mahowne O'Brien of 
Clondewan gen.; Owny O'Laughleine 
of the Gragans, otherwise called 

R 



130 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



In this Countie the Earle of Thomond's Brother, called 
Teag O'Bryan,' and some few with him are in rebellion. 



O'Laughlene; Rosse O'Laughlin of 
Glancollum-Kyllie, tanest to the same 
O'Llaghlen; Mahone and Dermott 
O'Dae of Tullaghadae, chieffe of their 
names ; Connor Mac Gilreoghe of 
Cragbreane, chieffe of his name ; Tyrre- 
laghe MacTeig O'Brien of Beallacorege, 
gen. ; Luke Bradey sonne and heire of 
the late bishopp of Meath; Edward 
White of the Crattelagh, gen. ; George 
Cusacke of Dromoylen, gen.; Boetius 
Clanchie of Knockfynney, gen.; John 
M c Nemara of the Moetullen, gen. ; 
Henry O'Grady of the iland of Inche- 
cronan, gen. ; Donnogh M c Clanchie of 
the Urlion, chieffe of his name; 
Donnoghe Garraghe O'Brien of Balle- 
cessye, gen.; Connor O'Brien of 
Curharcorcae, gen. ; and George Fann- 
ing Limerick merchant.' See lar-Con- 
nachl, p. 358. 

''He had 600 f. and 50 horse in 
1599, and not one castle there kept for 
the Queen.' Moryson. 



Teig had mar. Slaine, dau. of 
Teig O'Brien, of Smithstown, son of the 
ist Earl of Thomond, and by her was 
father of Tirlogh of Ballyslattery, 
Colonel Morogh, and Dermot ' the 
Good.' Hist. Memoir of the O'Briens, 
p. 496. 

In 1598 Teig took the Bridge of 
Portcroisi, the castles of Cluain, and 
Sgairbh. In 1599 eight companies of 
English and Irish soldiers were march- 
ing from Kilkeedy, through Bealach an 
Fhiodhfail (Rockforest), Teig's people 
attacked them ; more of the Queen's 
people were slain, but the Irish lost a 
gentleman named Dermot Roe O'Brien. 
Teig then made peace with the Queen, 
and dismissed his hirelings ; and the 
English and Irish besieged and took 
the castle of Cahirminane belonging 
to Tirlogh O'Brien, whose brother 
Dermot was slain at Rockforest. Four 
Masters. 



COUNTIE OF GALLOWAY. 



THE COUNTIE OF GALLOWAY. 

This Countie contayneth a great quantity of Land lying in 
a manner Square between thomond and maio, South and North 
between the Sheynen and the Sea East and West. It hath the 
River suck and the Countie of Roscoman to the Northeast 
thereof. 

This Countie hath three Byshopricks 
Tooam one Byshoprick 
Clonfert a Byshoprick upon the Sheynen 
Kilmacoughe a Byshoprick in Oshaghnes 

Countrie 

Corporal Galloway* exceeding fayre and well built 

Townes Athenrie b all ruined saving the Wall 






a A proper neat city. Campion. 
The townsmen and wemmen present 
a more civil show of life than other 
towns of Ireland do. Lord Justice Pel- 
ham. Noe towne in the three nations 
(London excepted) is more consider- 
able for commerce. H. Cromwell and 
Privy Council quoted by Hardiman. 
The Description of Connaught of the 
British Museum, dated 1612, which 
seems identical with that of the Lam- 
beth MSS. written by Sir Oliver St 
John in 1614. says ' Galway is small 
but all of fayer and stately buildings ; 
the fronts of their howses towards the 
streets, being all of hewed stone, upp 
to the topp, and garnyshed with fayer 
battlements in an uniform cowrse, as 
if the whole towne hadd beene builte 



upon one modell. The merchants are 
riche and great adventurers at sea. 
They keepe goode hospitality and are 
kind to strangers, and in their manner 
of entertaynement and in fashioning 
and appearllinge themselves and their 
wives doe most preserve the ancyent 
manner and state of any town that ever 
I sawe. The towne is built upon a 
rocke envyroned almost with the sea 
and the ryver, compassed with a strong 
wall, and good defences, after the aun- 
cient manner, and such as with a fewe 
men it may defend itself against any 
army.' 

b ' Eight miles from Galway, elder 
than yt, built by the English, whiles 
they hadd their swords in their hands, 
and kept themselves close in garryson. 



132 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

The principall Merchants and Citizens in 

both are 
Linches d 



Now it hath a very small and poore 
habitation and people. Yet the walls 
stand still large in compass and very 
strong and fayer.' Descript. of Con. 
1612. 

c The chief families or ' tribes ' were 
' Athy, Blake, Bodkin, Browne, Dean, 

Darcy, Lynch, 

Joyes, Kirwan, Martin, Morris, Skerret, 
French.' 

From 1590 to 1609 there were 7 mayors 
and 1 6 bailiffs named Lynch ; 4 mayors 
and 5 bailiffs named French ; 3 mayors 
and 4 bailiffs named Martin. The 
Mayor of 1598 was Nicholas Kir- 
wan Fitz-Denis ; the Bailiffs were 
Marcus and Nat. Blake. The Mem- 
bers for Galwayin 1585 were P. Lynch, 
Yonoke Lynch, and Robuck French. 
In 1518 the Corporation enacted that 
' If any man should bring an Irish- 
man to brage or boste upon the toune 
to forfeit i2d. That no man shall oste 
or receive into their houses any of the 
Burks, M c Williams, the Kellies, nor no 
cepte elles on pain of ^5, that nether 
O ne Mac shall strutte ne swaggere 
thro' the streets of Gal way.' Hardi- 
man's Galway, p. aoi. 

Names of Galway Jurymen in 1609 : 
Lynch FitzEdmund, alderman ; Browne, 
alderman ; 2 Kirwans, 3 Lynches, 2 
Bodkins, i Blake, Athie, Martin and 
Bige, merchants ; Teig Ballaghe, shou- 
maker; M c Follane,brogmaker; M c Cogh- 



lane, weaver ; O'Many, cottner ; Shoy, 
taylour; Nolan, goldsmith ; M c lnylley, 
glower; O'Mollhane, cooper; Duff, 
O'Fodaghe and Loghlin, fishermen. 

d Ninety Lynches were Mayors from 
1274 to 1654, and not one since. 
John L. made Bishop of Elphin by 
Elizabeth in 1584, surrendered the see 
in 1 6 1 1, 'lived a concealed and died a 
public papist,' is buried in St. Nicholas' 
Church. Hardimaris Galway, p. 235. 

The Royal Visitation of 1615 says : 
Wee found in Galway a publique 
schoolmaster named Lynch, placed 
there by the citizens, who had a great 
number of schollers not only out of 
that Province but also out of the Pale 
and other parts resorting unto him. 
We had daily proof during our continu- 
ance in that city how well his schollers 
profitted under him, by verses and 
orations which they presented to us. 
We sent for that schoolemaster before 
us, and seriously advised him to con- 
form to the Religion established, and 
not prevailing with our advices, we 
enjoyned him to forbear teaching : and I, 
the Chancellor, did take a recognizance 
of him and some others of his Kins- 
men in that city, in the sum of 4 
sterling, that from thenceforth he would 
forbear to teach any more. lar-Con- 
naught, p. 215. 

Nich. L., Mayor, had 12 sons; the 



COUNTIE OF GALLOWAY. 



133 



Blakes e 

Martins f 

Frenches' 5 

eldest, Henry became Mayor, M.P. 
and a Baronet and was ancestor of Sir 
H. Lynch Blosse. Sir Henry d. in 
1633 leaving 500 for the marriage 
portions of ' poor maydens of the birth 
of Galway, for ever,' the Linches and 
then the Marlines to be preferred. See 
Will in lar-Connacht, p. 36. 

Lynch of Shruel lived with much 
splendor . . . was grandfather Fr. Do- 
minick L. the learned Regent of the 
College of St. Thomas Seville. Dr. J. 
Lynch, Archbishop of Tuam in 1674, 
said that, ' Since the time of St. Patrick, 
the L. always preserved the Catholic 
faith.' Dominick L. in 1580 built the 
west side of the Town Hall at his own 
expense and founded a free school. 
See Irish Arch. MisceL, Vol. i., 
P- 48, 55- 

Blake of Ardfry was father of Sir 
R. B., Speaker of the Supreme Council, 
and ancestor of Lord Wallscourt. 
Blake FitzWalter, Mayor in 1611 and 
1630, became a Baronet in 1622, is an- 
cestor of Sir V. Blake of Menlough. 
Nicholas B., merchant, d. in 1620, own- 
ing Kilturroge etc. and lands around 
Athenry. 

'Francis M., merchant, d. 1615 seized 
of Ballyglasse, etc. in Mayo. Robert 
M. d. 1622 seized of several lands in 
lar-Connaught. 

* R. French d. 1628 possessed of the 



Darcies h 
Skerrets' 



castles of Dongendrick, Menlagh, 
etc. in lar-Connaught. Patrick F. 
of the Castle of Monivea, d. 1630. 
Oliver Oge F. was Mayor in 1597 ; his 
wife, ne'e Joyce, was called Margaret 
na Drehid, Margaret of the Bridges, as 
she built stone bridges all through Con- 
naught. far-Con, p. 41, and Hardi- 
man's Galway. 

h Dorseys were Mayors in 1602 and 
1614, and Bailiffs in 1602 and 1608. 
On Darcy's vault in the Franciscan 
Abbey we read ' Epitaphium D. Ja- 
cobi Darcy Majoris, Connaciae Praesi- 
dis, Galviae Praetoris etc. Qui ob. an. 
1603 

Hie Amor Heroum, Decus urbis, Nor- 

ma Senatus, 
Mensa peregrini, pauperis area jacet. 

This tomb was repaired by the de- 
scendants of James Darcy in the year 
1728. Pray for the dead.' This was 
Darcy Riveach (the swarthy) ; his 7th 
son, Patrick, born in 1598, was a 
famous lawyer and a member of the 
Confederate Council. 

' Edmund S., head of the race, owned 
the castle of Ath-cin or Headford in 
1641. Skerrets were Mayors in 1594 
and 1605. Brownes were Mayors in 
1574, 1575 and 1609. Bodkin in 1610; 
Kirwans in 1598 and 1608; Mareis 
(Morris ?) in 1588. In the Church of 
St. Nicholas there are tombs with the 



134 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Principall Meleeke belonging to the Quene 

Castles Portumno to the Earle of Clanrickard 

Balliloughreaghe, the Earle of Clanrickard's 

chief Hous 

Ouran belonging to him also 
Letrim to the Earle's eldest Sone 
Goorte 

Dunlaghlen, to one of the Odallies k 
Longfoord 

Clonfert to the Bishop thereof. 
Ballineslo to Capten Brabazon's Sone 
The Castle of Teaquin belonging to one of the 

O'Kellies 1 

The Castle of Athenrie belonging to the Lord 
Bremingham 



inscription, ' Pray for the Soule of 
Alderman Dominick Browne and his 
Posterity, who dyed in 1576.' 'Here 
lieth the Bodys of Richard Browne, 
his son Matthew Browne and their 
children God rest their souls. Amen. 
1635.' ' Moriertha O'Fiernagh, and his 
wife Kate Kemanigonohiv, and his 
brother Teig Og. An. 1580.' Hardi- 
maris Galway, p. 268. 

k ' Donnall O'Daly, a gentleman, who 
had command of a party of soldiers 
on the English side, in 1589 fell fight- 
ing against the Burkes of Tirawly.' 
four Masters. In 1641 Lieutenant 
Dermot O'D. with 3 companies of foot 
and 30 musketeers defended the Castle 
of Tirellan against the insurgents a 
brave officer, grandson of Dermot O'D. 



of Lerra Co. Galway, gent, who in 1578 
obtained from Elizabeth the lordship, 
castles and lands of Lerra. Hardi- 
man's Galway, p. 112. 

'Hy-Many or O'Kelly's country 
comprises the baronies of Athlone and 
Athcarnan in Roscommon, and of Tia- 
quin, Kilconnell and Killian in Galway. 
In 1585, Hugh O'K. of Lisdallon in 
Roscommon, who was chief, renounced 
the title of O'KELLY. His Tanist, 
Teig M c \Villiam O'K. of Mullaghmore, 
was chief in the baronies of Tiaquin 
and Kilconnell ; and Teig's rival for 
the Tanistship was Conor Og O'K., 
of Killian barony. Under Teig was 
O'Mannin of Mynloch (whose castle, 
says O'Donovan, was lately destroyed 
by lightning) ; under Conor was 









COUNTIE OF GALLOWAY. 



135 



Men of Name 



The Castle of Donemone and Turlevaghan be- 
longing to him also m 

The Cabboyhe belonging to Frances Shayn 
The Abbey of Kilconnell belonging to the 

Quene 

The Earle of Clanrickard" his name is Burke 
The L. Brymingham his name is Bremingham 
Sir Hubert MDavie his name is Burke Mac- 
koogh 



O'Concannen of Kiltullagh. Hy-Many 
p. 18; far-Con., p. 320. 

m ' Brymeghanfs Country, or Barony 
of Donemore ; ' Ullick, earle of Clan- 
rickard ; Edmond Brymidgham, lord 
barron of Athenrie; Tibbot boy M c jo- 
nen, of Tobberkeoghe ; Donyll O'Hig- 
gin, of Killelona ; J. duffe Brymidgham, 
of Feartemore ; R. Fowlle, of Fearte- 
more ; W. Brymidgham, of Miltoun. 

n The Baronie of Clare. 
John Burke FitzThomas, and M c Crea- 
mon, chiefe in the same. 

Gents and Castles. 

Therle of Clanricard, Clare ; Ullig 
Keogh, Dromghriffin ; J. Lynch fitz- 
William, Yowhule ; Tybbot Lyogh, 
Loscananon; M ac Walter, called Thomas 
M c Henry, Ballenduife ; Moyler M c 
Shean, Cloynebow ; Walter Fitz-Ab, 
fitz-Ed., Masse; N. Lynch, Anagh- 
coyne ; H. fitz-Edmond, Leagkagh ; 
M'Reamon, Cloghenwoyr ; Ullig M c 
Reamon, Castle Hackett; Walter Burke, 
Kilnemanegh; M'Walter's sept, Ca- 



hermorise ; Moyler M c Reamon, Anagh- 
kyne ; Wil. Grana M c Ric, Cloghran ; 
Redmund M c Moyler M c Roe, Bealclar- 
home ; Redmund M c Walter, Aghkyne; 
Ullig M c Richard, Comor ; W. Gaynard, 
Carigin ; Meyler M'Rickard, Taw- 
magh; R, Burke, Coroffyny; J. fitz- 
Ambrose, Anbale ; Thomas Balue, 
Qworanonyn; Th. Ballagh, Beallabean- 
chere ; J. Burke fitz-Thomas, of Ballin- . 
dere, and of Deremaclaghlyn ; Murrogh 
M c Swyne, Kyleskiegh ; Edmund Owh- 
ny, Achrym ; Walter Boy, Grange ; J. 
oge fitz-John fitz-Ed., Carnan ; R. 
Burke fitz-Tho., Beallena ; Tirlagh 
Caragh M c Swyne, Cahirnefieke ; Ffoxe's 
castle. Cas, 33.' Division of Con- 
naught in 1586. Brit. Mus. See lar- 
Con., p. 148. 



Countreye.' 
'Sir Hubert Bourke M'Davie, of 
Glenske, Knight ; Davie M c Edmond, 
of Kilcroan ; Thomas MHenrie, of 
Ballyme ; R. Betaghe, of the Cregg ; 
Hobert buy M c Edmond, of the Moate; 
Shane M c Ullick Bourke, of Rahenile, 



136 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

The several Houses of the Burches" of Ley- 
trim Of Clonrickard. 

A great Sept of the O'Kellies 1 whereof are 
manie Houses. 

The Omaddens q 



otherwise called MWalter, chiefe of 
his name Shane M c Ullicke, of Kil- 
mogher, all having lands or holdings 
within the barony of Bellamoe and 
M ac Davie's Country by the east the 
river of Succke in the countie of Ros- 
common.' far- Con. 

' There are more able men of the 
surname of the Burkes than of any 
name in Europe.' Sir/. Davies, Car. 
Col. an. 1606, p. 465. 

Country of Clanrlckard. 

Ulick, Earl of Clanrickard, the Lord 
Baron of Leitrim ; R. Bourke, of Deny 
M c Laghny, esquire ; Sherone M c 
Knowge, of Killenedyaine, otherwise 
M c Kowge; Ullick Carraghe M c Hub- 
bert, of the Dissharte, called M c Hub- 
berte ; Hubbert M c Edmund, of Gort- 
nemackin ; Johnesone, of Binmore ; 
William Mostonne, of the Downe ; 
Shannock M c William Roe, of the 
Naile, called MacWilliam Roe ; Walter 
Wall, of Droghtye, chiefe of his name ; 
Redmond Dolphine, of Rarroddy, 
chiefe of his name ; H. M'Swine, of 
Cloghervanae ; O. M c Swine, Kiltul- 
lage; Oene Mantagh O'Heine, of 
Downgorye, called O'Heine; Connor 
Crone O'Heine, taneste to the said 
O'Hiene; Hubbert boy Bourk M c 



Redmond, otherwise M ac Edmond ; 
D. O'Shaghnes, of Gortynchgory ; J. 
O'Shaghnes, of Ardmolly van, compet- 
tytors for the name O'Shaghnes ; N. 
Follane, of the Newtone ; E. M c Ullick 
Bourke, of Ballily ; R. M'William, of 
Rahale; Shane Oge Bourke, of Man- 
nyne ; Brian ReoghM c Kilkelly, of 
Cloghballymore. lar-Con., p. 323. 

q OMadderts Country. 

'Donyll O'Madde, of Longford, 
otherwise called O'Madden; Owen 
Balluff O'M., of Lusmagh ; Cogh O'M. 
of Killyan ; Edmond M'Downy, of 
Rathmore ; Donyll M c Brasill, of Dry- 
owen ; Cathall Carragh O'Madden 
. . . having lands and holdings within 
the barony of Longford, otherwise 
called Syllanmuighie. ' lar- Con. p. 3 2 1 . 

In 1596, when the Deputy sum- 
moned O'Madden's Castle, Cloghan, 
to surrender, the ward answered that 
if all his soldiers were Deputies they 
would not yield, and about 186 
persons were killed in the Castle, or 
around it. Among them were these 
chiefe men O'Madden, of Cor- 
glogher ; O'M., of Kineghan; two 
O'M., of Tomaligh; two O'M., of 
Clare Madden; O'M., of Clare. 
In 1602 O'M. attacked O'Sullevan 



O'Shaghnes r 
Frances Shaen. 



COUNTIE OF GALLOWAY. 

Oflagherties 8 
Thomas Dillon, Justice of Conaught. 



137 



Beare, who was marching through 
O'Madden's country to the north. In 
1611 Donnell O'M., of Longford, Co. 
of Galway, ' captain of his nation,' left 
his manor and castle of Longford, etc., 
to his son. Hy-Many, p. 150. 

r Sir Roger O'Shaughnessy of Gort- 
Inchigory ; 'he used to have 280 reap- 
ers in harvest ; ' his fourth son, Sir 
Dermot, d. in 1606, seized of the ter- 
ritory of Kinalea, or O'Shaughnessy's 
country, which he left to his heir Gilli- 
duffe O'S. Hy-Fiacrach, p. 379. 

1 A rich and noble family.' Des- 
cription of Connaught in 1612. 

1 ' The barony of Ballenehence, con- 
taining the ii Conymares, viii myles 
long and vi broad ; Murrogh ne doo 
O'Flarty, chief in the same. 

Gentlemen, and their Castles, viz. : 

Donnell Ecowga, Ballenehense ; Ed- 
mund Oflartie, Kyllindowne ; Edmund 
M c Hugh, A new Castle ; Ochaghy, of 
Lettermellan ; Donell Ecowga, Bono- 
wyn ; Tege ne Buly, of Arddearee ; 
Miles M c Tibbot, Reynivylie ; Castles, 
7 Division of Connaught in 1586; 
lar-Con., p. 93. 

' The Country of the O'Fflahertyes 
called Eyre-Conaght in 1585,5' Morogh 
ne doe of Aghnenure, otherwise called 
O'Faahertie; Donell Crone O'F., of 
the Cnocke, competitor for the name 



of O'Frlahertie ; Teig ne Boolye (na 
buile), of the Arde, otherwise called 
O'Fflahertie of both Con o Marrice ; 
Owine fitz-Donyell Coghie O'F., of 
Bonowen ; Moroghe O'F., of the sam ; 
Roger O'F., of Moycullen ; Danyell 
M c Rory O'F. of the Owre ; Rory O'F. 
and Danyell, his brother, sonnes to 
Moroghe ne Mooe ; M c Thomas ; M 
Connor; O'Halloran ; M'Cahill Boy 
M c Donoghe; and M c Enry ; Lynche, of 
the Ballaghe; Browne, of Bearny; Mar- 
tyne, of Gortetleva ; Martyne, of Bally- 
erter; Linche, of the Dengine ; Marcus 
Linch fitz-Nichollas, of Furboghe ; and 
Patrick ffrence, of Curcholline. 

' The barony of Muckullen, in 1 586, 
Murrogh ne doe, chief. 

Gentlemen and Castles (20) viz. : 

Rory O'Flahairte, of Muykullen ; Mur- 
rogh ne doe, of Nowghe, and of Ach- 
neuir (Aghnenure) ; T. Colman, of 
Mynlagh (Menlo) ; Jonick O'Halorane, 
O'hery ; O. O'Halorane, Bearne (Bar- 
na) ; D. Lynche, Tyrellan ; R. Skeret, 
Short Castle (Castlegar) ; Donell oge 
O'Hologhan, Qwarown Brown (Car- 
robrown) ; W m - and Redmond M c W m - 
Ffiegh, Kellyn; Redmond M'Thomas, 
Ballymuritty ; Redmond Reogh, Bal- 
lindully ; Richard Beg, Cloynecanyn ; 
Darby Augny, Lysacowly ; J. Blake 
fitz-Ricard, Kiltullagh; J. Blake fitz- 

S 



138 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



The 3 Hands of Arien' are in this Countie within a Ken- 
ninge of the Towne of Galloway. 

This Countie is in a manner unpeopled by reason of the 
Spoyles committed in the last Rebellion, partlie by the rebell 
and partlie by the Souldier, and the great famine that followed 
thereupon, which hath so wasted this countie that scarce the 



Ricard, Kiltorogh ; Thomas Blake, 
Ballemicro ; Thomas and John Blake, 
Turlagh ne sheamon; Muriertagh 
O'Conor, Tullekyhan ; M. Lynch, 
New Castle.' lar-Con. pp. 252 & 311. 

O'Flaherty, of the Castle of Moy- 
cullen, d. in 1599, and was succeeded 
by his son Hugh, who was the last 
chief of his name, and d. in 1631, 
leaving a son, aged two years, who be- 
came the famous Irish Antiquary. A 
considerable part of the Castle of Agh- 
nenure still remains. 

'The barony of Ross or Joyce's 
country contains the Joyes, Walshes, 
Partrish (Partry) lands; MThomas 
and MTybod chief in the same. 

Gents, and their Castles, viz. : 
MacThomas, Castlekirke; Murrogh 
ne dow, Ballynonagh; M c Envile, Ballen- 
esleo ; Albe M c Envile, Cloynlaghell ; 
R. M c Moyler Joy, Castlenew.' Titus 
B. xiii. fo. 399. Division of ' Connaught 
in 1586. 

*In 1588 the Mayor and citizens of 
Galway petitioned Elizabeth in favour 
of Morogh MTurlogh O'Brien, and 
said that ' he and his ancestors under 
the name of M'Teig O'Brien, of Arran, 
were captains or lords of the Islands of 



Arran, until of late he was expulsed by 
the usurping power of the O'Flaherties.' 
In 1575 Morchow M'Tirrelagh M c 
Donill, chiefe of his nacion, called 
Clanteige, of Arran, claimed the an- 
cient custom of connow and meales 
clue to him and his ancestors, i.e., for 
two days and nights in Galway. The 
' Gentlemen of the isles in 1575 were, 
besides this captain, Eturgh, Morowe, 
M c Morchowe, Meeagh, MTirrelagh, 
M c Morchowe, M'Tirrelagh Oge, and 
M'Brene.' This clan descended from 
Brian Boromhe. See Hardimaris Gal- 
way, pp. 207 and 52. 

Teig an t-sleive (of the mountain) 
O'Fahy and 8 gentlemen of the name 
had fee-simple property in the barony 
of Loughrea in 1617. There were the 
O'Lynes, of Ballinvoggan, Lisnagree, 
and Lehergen, in the bar. of Kilconnell, 
they were proprietors of handsome 
estates, and looked on themselves as 
Firbolgs. E. O'Horan, of Carrowan- 
meanagh ; R. O'Horan, of Carrowan- 
clogha, on which stood a castle ; and 
others of the name in the bar. of 
Leitrim. In the bar. of Dunmore, the 
Lallys, of Tullaghnadaly, Ballynaba- 
naby, and Lisbally, paid chief rent to 
Lord Bermingham ; from the Lallys of 



COUNTIE OF GALLOWAY. 



139 



hundereth men or Hous is to be found now that was Several 
years ago. There is in Rebellion some of the Kellies and 
Burkes" and Omaddens, and in a sort all the Countie saving 
the Towne of Galloway and the Earle of Clanrickard and some 
of his Friends. 



Tullaghnadaly descend the Counts 
Lally, of France. 

In the bar. of Leitrim, M c Cnavin, of 
Cranog MacCnaivin ; the head of the 
Clan, Hugo M'Nevin, alias M c Kelly, 
having joined the insurgents, was 
hanged in 1602 ; there were 8 other 
gentlemen of the name ; the last sup- 
posed head of the clan was D r - M c Nevin, 
of 1798 celebrity. Hy-Many -pp. 36, 
28, 88, 182, 68. 

John Donelan, son of the Protestant 
Archbishop of Tuam, lived at Bally- 
donelan. John's brother became Lord 
Chief Justice of the Common Pleas ; 
and his grandson, John, erected the 
stone cross of Kilconnell, which is said 
by the country people to bow when a 
Donelan is taken by it to the grave; it 
bears the inscription ' Orate pro D. 
Johanne Donelano, ejusque familia, qui 
hanc crucem erigi fecit A.D. 1682.' 
Hy-AXany, p. 172. 

In 1594 Dermoid Duff O'Halloran, 
gent, of Bearna, for a certain sum of 
money, 'dedit, concessit, barganizavit 
to Edmund Halloran, Merchant, of 
Galway, all his maneria, dcminia, cas- 
tra, etc., of Rinemoyly,' etc. In the 
same year John O'Halloran, of Gal- 
way, 'piscator,' gave to A. Martin, 
merchant, omnia manerium, castrum, 



etc. . . . boscos, suboscos . . . montium 
... in villis, campis, et hamletis de 
Rynvile. far-Con, p. 255. 

In the bar. of Kilconnell were Brian 
M'Cooleghan, of BallyM c Couleghan, 
and seven other proprietors of that 
name. In the bar. of Clanmacnowen 
O'Coffey owned 4 cartrons of land. 
Hy-Many, p. 184, 84. 

In the bar. of Kiltartan, and chiefly 
in the parish of Dawros Kinvara, there 
were 13 persons of the name O'Heyne 
in 1641. The Four Masters record 
the death of O'Heyne, of Lydegan, 
in 1594; he left a son, Hugh Buy 
O'H. There was a Knougher Crone 
O'Heyne, of Ledygan, gent. , 100 years 
old and upwards in 1615, and O'Heyne, 
of Killaveragh, aged 80. Hy-Fiach- 
rach, p. 378 and 405. 

"In 1599 the sons of Redmond Na 
Skoab,uncle to the Earl of Clanrickard, 
300 f. ; in Sillanchie, four sons of 
Owen O'Madden, who was lately killed 
in action, 50 f. ; in lar-Connaught the 
Joyes, M'Donoghe, and the Flaherties, 
140 f. In 1598 John Burke, 'Baron 
of Leitrim,' led some hundreds of 
O'Neil's soldiers, fighting through Con- 
naught, Leinster and Munster. Car. 
Col., p. 300 ; and Four Masters. 



140 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



THE COUNTIE OF MAYO. 

This Countie a contayneth all the Land of M c William Euter, b 
and the Lands of the Omaylies, c Clandonels, d M c Morice, 
MJordan, M c Custologhe and the [ ] ; this Countie 

hath in the Sea certain Hands both Fertile and most comodious 



* In 1574 the chiefs of the baronies 
were M c Moris in Crossbwyhin, M c Moris' 
Country ; in Kilvean Wm. Burk Fitz- 
John, E. Burke Vaghery, and the Clan 
Jonyns ; O'Maley in Murisk ; Richard 
en-Iren in Burres ; M c Vadin in Kuner- 
more (Envyremore) ; John M c Oliverus 
or M c William, and M'Vadin called 
Baron Barret, in Many (Moyne) ; 
M c William Burk, and MThilipin in 
Burrisker ; M c jordan or Baron D 'Exeter 
in Beallalahane ; M c Costello otherwise 
Baron Nangle in Beallahaunes. Car. 
Cal. 1601-1603, p. 474 and 450. 

In 1587 ' M c Costello his country' 
was inhabited by Sir Theobald Dillon 
and his tenants. far-Con, p. 340. 

Sir Theobald m. a daughter of Tuite 
of Tuitestown ; he saw assembled at 
one time in his house of Killenfaghny 
above one hundred of his descendants. 
Lodge. 

b ' I found M c William verie sencible, 
though wantinge the English tongue, 
yet understanding the Latin. . . . 
Surely, my Lords, MacWilliam is well 
wonne, for he is a great man ; his Land 
lyeth along the West North West Coast 
wherein he hath manie goodlie Havens, 
and is Lord of a Territorie of three times 



as moche I^nd as the Earl of Clan- 
ricarde is. 

'O'Maylle came likewise with him, 
who is strong in galleys and seamen. 

'AlsoMacPhatenorBarrett,MacIvyle 
Staunton, Macjordan or Dexter, Mac 
Custelo or Nangle, MacMorris or Pren- 
dergast . . . allfivehavebeenEnglishe, 
which everye man confesseth, but also 
Lords and Barons in Parliament, as they 
theim selves affirme,and surely they have 
lands sufficient for Barons, if they might 
weeld their owne quietlye. But so base 
and Barbarous Barons are they now, that 
they have not three hackneyes to carry 
them and their train home. There 
were with me many more of lower 
degree and no deeper of wealth, as the 
Chiefe of Clanandros and Mac 
Thomyn ; both they, and many more 
Barretts, Cusacks, Lynches (Lynottes), 
and of sundrie English surnames now 
degenerate.' Sir H. Sydney, in 1576. 

c By inquisition taken A.D. 1607, it 
appeared, that Owen O'Maly, chief of 
his name and nation, and his ancestors, 
had chief rents, of barley, butter, and 
money, out of several lands within the 
barony of Murrisk ; that he was seised 
of the Castle of Cahir-na-mart (now 



fi 



COUNTIE OF MAVO. 



141 



for Shipping, for which purpose both Inglyshe and Strangers had 
Intercourse there. It hath the Ocean to the West and North, 
the Counties of Sligo and Roscommon to the East and the 
Countie of Galloway to the South. 

The most part of this Countie is possessed by the Burkes,* 
whose Capten they commonlie call M c William. They are many 
of the name and Stoute men able to make in tymes past before 
the Warr consumed many of them 1 500, the rest of the Countrie 
is inhabitted by the M c jordans, M c Custulaghes, and the rest above 
Specified, who be dependers upon M c William, and in a manner 



Westport), the castle and island of 
Carrowmore, etc., in right of tanistry; 
and that he, as chief, ought to have, as 
his ancestors had 'all fines for blood- 
shed, all skins of animals killed, or to 
be killed, within that barony.' lar- 
Con. p. 58. 

' The O'Mallies and O'Flaherties pur- 
posed with 600 men, whom they had 
gathered, to invade Kerry.' Carew to 
Privy Council, May2, 1601. Car. Cal. 
The O'Mallies are celebrated in several 
Irish poems as expert seamen, as the 
sea-gods of the West Graine O'M., 
mother of Tibbot ne long, first Viscount 
Mayo, was renowned for her bravery at 
sea. The O'M. were chiefs of the two 
Ualls, i.e. baronies of Murrisk and 
Borrishoole. O'Dugan says, 'A good 
man there never was of the O'Malleys, 
but he was a seaman.' 

d The Lord Deputy wrote to the 
Council in 1576 'Out of the Countye 
of Maio came to me to Galway first 
seven principall men of the Clandonnells, 
for everye of their seven Linagies one, 



of that surname, inhabiting that Countye, 
all by profession mercenarie soldiers by 
the name of Galloglas ; they are very 
stronge, and moche of the wealth of the 
countrie is under them ; they are able 
to go where they will, and with the 
countenaunce of any meane Lorde of 
Force, to make Warre with the Greatest. 
I won MacWilliam Ewghter's chief force 
from him in getting these Clandonnells.' 

e The Burkes of Mayo were 'noble of 
mind and of good courage,' and with 
the O'Flaherties were considered ' the 
greatest nation, and possessing the 
strongest country of any people in 
Ireland ; ' and were joined with the 
O'Rorkes and O'Connors forming a 
league of the 'proudest, wildest, and 
fiercest clans.' L. Deputy to Walshing- 
ham in 1589. 

In 1586 the Bourks, very badd and 
loose people, very hardlye continued 
themselves two years together within 
compass of obdyence. The sons of 
Edmund Bourk of Castlebar were seven 
in number ; he was an oulde man, a 



142 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



his Vassals. They are whollie out in Rebellion saving one 
principall man called Tibbotnelong/ 

There are no Townes in this Countie of any importance, but 



competitor for the MacWilliamshippe, 
a most badd member to the state, and 
his wife as bad as himself. Docwra's 
Narrative, p. 214. 

'There are more able men of the 
surname of Bourke than of any name 
wheresoever in Europe.' Sir J. Davis 
in 1606. Car. Cat., p. 465. 

In 1589 the Lower Burkes of Tirawly 
went on their defence, beat the English 
and Irish under Brown at Bealach and 
Diothruibh, slaying Brown, Donnell 
O'Daly an officer, and Redmond oge 
Burke of Benmore Castle, Galway ; 
then they were joined by the sliocht of 
Oliverus Fitzjohn Burke of Tirawly, 
by the Clan Donnell Galloglach, etc. ; 
they ravaged Connaught by day and 
night during the spring. 

In 1595 Tiboid Burk (son of Walter 
Kittagh son of John, son of Oliver, son 
of John) laidseige t o Belleek Castle 
near Ballina, took it, beat and pursued 
Captains Bingham, Foal, Mensi and 
Tuite (son of W* Boy Tuite) slaying 
Foal, Mensi and Tuite. Then, as Clan 
William Burk were at variance concern- 
ing the Lordship of the territory, 
O'Donnell nominated Tiboid chief in 
presence of the forces of O'Donnell and 
Clanwilliam. 

In 1 60 1 Walter (son of the late M c 
William Burke) was shot in a battle 
near Ennis. Up to the spring of this 
year Lord M'William and Tibot-na- 



Long were at peace, but then the 
descendants of Ulick and Tibot-na- 
Long chose as M'William, Rickard 
Burke, the son of Deamhan an Chor- 
rain (' Daemonis Falcati filius ' says 
O'Sullivan, or, as Docwra puts it, ' the 
Devil's Hook son '). But O'Dounell's 
M c William at Michaelmas got help from 
him, came back, beat his rival, and the 
sliocht Ulick Burke and Tibbot-na- 
Long, in a fierce battle, in which they 
were mindful of their ancient grudges 
and recent enmities, and in which 
Rickard was slain. Four Masters. 

This Tiboid, the last M c William, 
retired to Spain, where his son Tiboid 
was made Marquess of Mayo ; he had 
seven brothers Oliver of Iniscoe ; 
Ulick Ruadh of Crossmolina; John an 
t-sleibhe (of the Mountain); William 
Fada (the Tall) of Castlelacken . . . 
Lodge. ' Viscount Mayo.' 

f M c William was in action with 600 
foot and 60 horse. Tibbot na Long, 
' of the ship,' so called because he was 
born at sea, was son of Sir Richard an 
larain (of the iron) and the famous 
Graine ni Maille, dau. of Owen 
O'Malley of the Owles. His brothers 
Walter and Edmond were slain by the 
English. He defeated and hanged his 
brother-in-law, O'Connor, who was going 
to join the English interest ; in 1599 he 
with his followers maintained 600 f. and 
60 horse against Elizabeth ; at the 



>, 






r ij <>- 3M4"'' 'V 

COUNTIE OF MAYO. 



143 



many good Havens and fayre Castles belonging to the Gentle- 
men before named, whereof the chief is Castlebury Ardenery 
Belike, and the Castle of [ ] belonging to the 

Earle of Ormond 






battle of Kinsale he fought on the 
English side ; got, with his step-brothers 
Morogh and Donall Ikeggie O'Flaherty, 
a re-grant of his lands, was member for 
Mayo in 1613, became Viscount Mayo 
in 1626. He married a dau. of O'Con- 
nor Sligo. He had 4 sons Miles, 
David, Tibot Riveagh (the strong) of 
Cloghans, and Rickard (called Iron 
Dick). His daughers were mar. to 
O'Conor Dun, O'Flaherty of Aghna- 
murra, Burke of Castlehacket, and 
Burke of Turlogh. Lodge. 'Viscount 
Mayo.' 

In 1597 he undertook with the aid of 
her Majesty's forces to banish Tibbot 
M c Walter, the now M c William ; for re- 
ward to have M c William's lands, and in 
lieu of the name of M c William to have 
a title, etc. 

In 1597, the people of Mayo (except 
W m - Boork of Shroul, his son Oliverus 
M'Shane, and his brother Edmond, 
W m - Boork FitzRichard who fled into 
Munster, and M c Morrice) in number 
1500 men in action. Tibbot ne Long 
with the Devil's Hook and others had 
put in pledges. MacWilliam is in 
action, in July last lost 200 of his men; 
at his late coming his brother Thomas, 
equal in mischief to himself, was slain, 
and one of the chief commanders of 
the Clandonnels, with 30 or 40 of his 



men their heads sent to me by Tibbot 
ne Long. MWilliam's forces, with 400 
out of O'Donnel's country amount to 
700. Car. Cal., year 1597, p 265, 
270. 

The chief men in 1585 were Sir 
Richard Bourke of the Newton, 
knight, otherwise called M'William 
Eughter Walter Kettagh Bourke of 
Bealycke and Crossmalyene Bourke 
of Ardnery E. Bourk M c Oliver of 
Ropa Barret of Ross, otherwise called 
MTadin, chief of his name Barret of 
Ballasseekery Myly M'Evily of Ken- 
turk, otherwise called M'Evily, chiefe of 
his name Bourke of Castlebar, tanest 
to the said M c William Eyghter Bourke 
of Ballenecarrae, otherwyse called the 
blinde abbote Moyler B. of Castle 
M c Kerra Tybbott Reoghe Bourke of 
Boherfayne Evagher M c jordan of 
Bellalahen, otherwise called M c jordan, 
chief lord of the barony of Bellalahan or 
Gallen Moyller M c jurdan of the New- 
castell Walter Leaghe M c Stevane 
of Corran M c Stephane Jordan M c 
Thomas of Ballahaghe R. M c Moryse 
of the Bryse, otherwise called M c Mory- 
she, chiefe of his name M c Moryshe of 
Castell M c Geralte Walter M c Erydry 
of Castell-Reoghe William Bourke of 
Shrowell Bourke of Conge R. oge 
Bourke of Cloynecashell Molaghlyne 



144 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



THE COUNTIE OF SLIGCX 

Sligo" contayneth all the Lands betweene the River of 
Earne and the plaine of Conaught by the Skirts of the Moun- 
tains of Ballibyan and Curleges to the river of the Boyle in 
M c Dermots Countrie and from thence North west by the River 
of Moyne which divideth the Countie of Maio from the Countie 
of Sligo. So hath it the River of Earne to the East, Maio to 
the West, the Sea to the North, and the Countie of Roscomon to 
the South. 



O'Mayle of Belclare, otherwise called 
O'Mayle, chiefs of his name Teige roe 
O'Mayle of Cahairenemart Ouan 
O'Mayle of the same Dermot M c Arte 
of Clare Gilleduffe M c Gibbon of Bally- 
nekellye R. oge M c Gibbon of Glan- 
kyne Sherrone M c Gibbon of Lackane 
fitz Symons of Dunmacknynye 
Walter M c Phillipyne of Brehe, other- 
wise called MThillypyne, chiefe of his 
name Ferraghe MTirrlage roe of 
Carrickmadye E. oge M c Gibbon of 
Derrymacgornan W. Bourke of Tor- 
rane R. oge M'Tomyne of Ballicroen 
Barret of Dowlaghe J. Browne of 
the Neyle Barret of Kyrenan Caree 
of Downmacknyny. lar-Connaught, 
P- 33i 10338. 

"It hath of auncyent or new Eng- 
lish none ; off Irishie O'ConnorSligoe, 
the M'Donoghes, the O'Dowdes, the 
O'Haraes, the O'Hartes, some of the 
M c Swynes and others.' Description of 
Connaught in Anhceol, vol. 27. The 
Lord Deputy reported in 1576 that 
O'Connor 'hath under his Tyranny 



O'Dowd, two M'Donoghes, two 
O'Hares and Agare, and yet he himself 
trybutarie to O'Donnell. They be all 
men of great lands, the countye is well 
inhabited, and ritche and more haunted 
with strangers than I wish it were.' ' 
See Jar- Con. p. 300. 

' The lords and chieftains in the year 
1586 were Sir Donyll O'Connor of 
Sligo, knight; Pheolyme O'Harte of 
Ardtarmon, otherwise called O'Hart, 
chief of his name ; O'Connor of 
the Grawndge ; Edmond O'Dowey 
(O'Dowda) of Killglasse, otherwise 
called O'Dowey, chief of his name ; 
Hubert Albenaghe of Rathly ; Breene 
M c Swyne of Ardneglas ; Dowdy of 
Castle-Connor ; Cormocke O'Harry 
(O'Hara) of Cowlany, otherwise called 
O'Harey buy, chief of his name ; 
Ferral O'Harry of Ballinefennock, other- 
wise called O'Harry reoghe, chief of 
his name; O'Harry of Tulwy; 
O'Harey of Cowlany; Ferrdorraghe 
M c Donoghe of Cowlea, otherwise 
called M c Donoughe Tyrreryll, chief of 



COUNTIE OF SLIGO. 



145 



It hath in it no Towne but Sligo, a Sea towne with a 
Haven, which the Castle Shot. 
Principall \ Sligo belonging to the Quene. 
Castles } Baller b belonging also to the quene. 

, "} belonging to O'Donnell who claimeth a 

Bondrois f , . f f r A ,. 

> chief rent of ,6240 per Annum out of 

) O'Connor Sligoes Country. 
The chief L. of this Countie is O'Connor Sligoe. c It is 



his name ; M c Donogh of Ballyndowne; 
M c Donogh of Cowlwonye ; M c Donoghe 
of Clonemahyne ; Cene M c Hughe of 
Bryckleawe; Croftone of Ballymote; 
Goodman of Taghtample ; Manus 
Reoghe of Rathmollyne; Manus 
M c Teig buy of Lysconnowe ; Mac 
Swyne of Loughtnevynaghe ; Uryel 
Garrey of Moye, otherwise called 
O'garry, chief of his name ; Rory 
O'Garry of Kearrowercogh ; Manus 
MBryene Reoghe of Levally. ... Sir 
Donill O'Connor shall have the castles 
of Sligo in the barony of Carbry, and 
Meynlagh in the bar. of Magherylenye, 
etc. In the bar. of Corran Carmac 
O' Harry Buy shall have his castle of 
Cowlany, Ferragh Carragh O'Harry 
reogh his castle of Ballinefenock or 
Ballyharry; Hugh M c Donoghe shall 
have land in the bar. of Corran remov- 
ing from Ballymote ; in the bar. of 
Tirrerel Ferdoragh M c Donogh of Cow- 
lea, and M c Donogh of Cowlwony 
Castle ; in the bar. of Tirrereagh 
Edmond O'Dowd his castle of Kyl- 
glasse, his cousin and heir apparent 
Davy O'Dowd of Castle Connor; 
Urrel O'Garry his castle of Moygarry, 



John O'Crean his house or town of 
Ballynegare. lar-Connaught, p. 340 to 

345- 

b Ballymote had belonged to the Queen 
for the space of thirteen years, but in 
the summer of 1598 it was taken by its 
rightful inheritors the Clan Donogh of 
Corran, namely, Tomaltach and Cathal 
Dubh M c Donough. In autumn they 
sold the castle to O'Donnell for ^400 
and 300 cows. Four Masters, p. 2076. 
Maurice MDonogh of Tirerill was 
slain in Breifney-O'Rorke in 1598 as 
he was carrying off a prey, and then 
Conor M c Donogh of Ballindoon was 
appointed MacDonogh. Four Masters. 
c ' Donogh O'Conor Sligo, after his 
return from England in 1596, proceeded 
on behalf of the English to reduce 
Connaught ; was joined by the Clan 
Donough of Collooney, and had Bally- 
mote in his power. The O'Harts also 
adhered to him, for they had always 
been faithful to the man who held hi- 
place ; and they began to threaten th 
Kinel-Connell. But O'Donnell plun 
dered their territory; and in February 
1597, he defeated O'Conor Sligo who 
had mustered an army of English ana 

T 



146 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



most inhabitted by men of his name, and few Vassals the chief 
whereof is called Odood.' 1 This Cotmtrie is in a manner Subject 
to the Ouene, yet are Rebells but against their Will, for their 
chief L. O'Connor being in Suite for the Lordship of Sligo in 
England 7 years and the Rebellion beginning long before he 



Irish and was marching on Sligo.' How- 
ever in that year O'C. Sligo with the 
help of his brother-in-law, Tibbot na- 
Long, twice beat M c William out of 
Mayo, and soon after, having joined 
Tibbot and Sir Conyers Clifford, he was 
severely wounded in a smart skirmish 
with O'Donnell's cavalry. Towards 
the end ot the year he went to 
England and remained there to the end 
of 1598. He went with Essex on his 
hosting through Munster, then joined 
Clifford in Connaught, reached Col- 
looney Castle (belonging to M c Donogh 
of Tirerrill) the only castle which held 
out for O'Conor Sligo. It was deemed 
impregnable ; O'Donnell besieged him ; 
Clifford going to his relief with 1900 foot 
and zoo horsewas beaten byO'Donnell, 
and lost his life in August 1599. 
O'Conor Sligo submitted and was 
reinstated in his territory by O'Donnell, 
and got from him ' a countless deal of 
cows, horses, etc., of corn and other 
necessaries to replant and inhabit his 
territory, after it had been a wilderness.' 
In 1600 he joined O'Donnell in his 
invasion of Galway and Clare ; in 1601 
for dealings with the enemy O'Donnell 
imprisoned him in Lough Esk. 
Donogh's brother, Dermot O'Conor 
was a distinguished captain of Con- 



naught buonaghes serving in Munster 
in 1600 with 1400 men, and 'knoweth 
not better how to spend his time than 
to be resident where he gaineth so 
much ; is grown to such reputation 
that he could bring 2000 more, were the 
Munster chiefs able to give them con- 
tent.' Dermod took O'Sullevan More 
prisoner out of Munster ; he himself 
was soon after, while going to join the 
English, attacked near Gort and hanged 
by Tibbot na-Long. Four Masters and 
Car. Ca/., p. 401, 491. 

Dermot had married the sister of 
Elizabeth's Earl of Desmond. 

d ' O'Dowda of Tireragh (Dathi son of 
Teig) was slain by one of the queen's 
soldiers in one of his own castles in 
Tireragh of the Moy; his brother Teig 
Buy was made O'Dowda by O'Donnell 
in 1595 they were 7 brothers. Dathi 
had mar. Miss Lyons, who became suc- 
cessively wife of O'Dowda, of Sir L. 
Ghest, of W m - May and of FitzMorrice 
FitzGerald. Her son Dathi O'Dowda 
was ordered to be brought up in the 
English religion and habits by Lionel 
Ghest. Sir R. Musgrave, in his narra- 
tive of the Irish rebellions, states, that 
this family counted 25 castles on their 
lands, " and they have a burying place 
appropriated to them in the Abbey of 



COUNT1E OF LEVTRIM. 



147 



cou'd end his Suite, O'Donnell tooke the best of the Countrie 
Prisoners and to this day detaineth them, and thereby con- 
streyneth their followers to obey him at his pleasure, all the 
foresaid Castles be in O'Donnell's hand saving Sligo which was 
demolished by O'Donell 4 years ago, and since not re-edified. 



THE COUNTIE OF LEYTRIM. 

This Countie was erected by Sir John Perrott, a being 
before a parcell of the Countie of Sligo; it contayneth all 
O'Rorkes Countrie b called Breany Ororke also part of 



Moyne, where may be seen the gigantic 
bones of some of them, who have been 
very remarkable for their great stature, 
as one of them exceeded seven feet in 
height." Mac Firbis was hereditary his- 
torian to O'Dowd, held the rod over 
O'Dowd at his inauguration, and drank 
at the banquet even before the acknow- 
ledged senior of the race. Ciothruadh 
and James M c Firbis and their cousin 
John Oge built the Castle of Lecan in 
Tireragh in 1560. Ciothruadh had a 
son Ferfeasa. In 1672 Duald M c Firbis, 
the last of these hereditary antiquaries 
of Lecan, was murdered.' Hy-Fiach- 
rach, p. 407. 

a 'An Indenture was made in 1585 
betwixte Perrotte, Lord Deputy Gene- 
rall of Ireland, for and on the behaulfe 
of the Queene's most excellent Majesty 
of the one partye, and John, bishop of 
Kilmore Lysaghe, bishop of Ardaghe 



SirBriane O'Royrke of Dromahire,knt. 
Cahall MConnor Carragh Magran- 
nyll of Inishmurryne, otherwise called 
Magrannell of Moynishe, chiefe of his 
name Tirlaghe M'Molaghline oge 
Magrannyll of Dromarde, otherwise 
called Magrannyle of Clonmologhlyne, 
chief of his name Tyrelaghe Magaw- 
ryne of the Largine, chief of his name 
Teige oge Maglanchie of Rossclogher, 
chief of his name Owyne MThelline 
O'Royrke of the Carre Rory M c Enawe 
of Inyshimylerye, chiefe of his name 
Melaghlyne M c Owyne M c Murrye of 
Loghmoyltagher Farrell MTernan of 
Cloyloghe Bryan M c Loghlyne of the 
Fayhee Phelyne Glasse of Clon- 
corycke Wonye MacSheane O'Royrke 
of Lloghnecouhye, and Tyernane 
O'Royrke of Dromahyre of the other 
parte. 

b ' VVytnesseth, that wheare the whole 



148 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



M c Gwyres, and lying upon the West part of Lough Earne and 
the Countie of Moynterrolis bordering upon the Countie of 
Longford and M c Slenayes d Country near Bundras So as Leytrim 
hath the Countie of Sligo to the North the Sheynen to the West 
and South-West, the Countie of Longford South and part of the 
Countie of Cavan to the East. It hath neither Townes nor Castles 
of importance but such as be raised saving the Castle of Leytrim. 
This O'Rorke e is the base Sone of the last Ororke appre- 
hended in Scotland and Executed in Ingland who ever since his 



territory called O'Royrk's country, com- 
prehendeth Breny O'Royrke, both the 
Moynterolyes, the Largan, Cowleovlyne, 
Kinaloghane and the Dartry.' lar- 
Connacht, p. 346. 

c ' M c Guynies landes lyinge.' Dym. 

d ' MacGlanes Cuntrie lyinge on Bon- 
droies.' Dymmock, p. 20. 

'This O' Rourke was Brian-na-Samh- 
thach, or Brian Oge. In 1590 he 
spoiled everything belonging to the 
English, in Leitrim, when his father 
was driven out of his territory. In 
1591 his father, Brian-na-Murtha O'R. 
was hanged in London, refusing to be 
tried by a jury, and refusing the minis- 
trations of the Protestant Archbishop 
of Cashel, who was a pervert priest. 
Sydney had pronounced this Brian- 
na-Murtha the 'proudest man that 
ever he dealt with in Ireland.' ' No one 
of his tribe for a long time excelled him 
in bounty, hospitality, in giving rewards 
for panegyrical poems, andinsumptuous- 
ness, in numerous troops, in comeliness, 
in firmness, in maintaining the field of 
battle.' His son Brian in 1 593 attacked 



Sir G. Bingham of Ballymote, burned 
Ballymote, and thirteen villages around 
it. In 1597 he joined O'Donnell 
and helped him to drive back the 
English army. In 1598, being annoyed 
with O'Donnell for having plundered 
O'Connor Roe, and being at variance 
with his own brother Teig about the 
partition of their territory, O'Rourke 
formed a friendship with Clifford and 
the English. But soon, on account of 
O'Donnell's persuasion and threats he 
joined O'Donnell, then plundered 
Mullingar and all around it ; and made 
a second raid on that country. Four 
Masters. On the iSth August 1599, 
he defeated at the Curlieus 1 900 foot 
and 200 horse who were led by the 
gallant Sir C. Clifford. Tracts relating 
to Ireland, Vol. II., p. 47. 

He went to Kinsale with O'Donnell 
in 1 60 1. He died at Galway in 1604, 
and was buried in Rosserilly. He was 
' the battle prop of the race of Aedh 
Finn, the star of valour and chivalry, 
the brave protecting man who had never 
suffered Brefney to be molested in his 



COUNTIE OF LEYTRIM. 



149 



his Father's Execution hath bene a Rebell, saving a little time 
this last Sommer when upon a discord betwixt him and 
O'Donnel fearing Least O'Donnell should reject f the Lawful Sone 
of the last Ororke to be Capten of the Countrie whom he hath in 
Custody and so displace him, he submitted himself to the State, 
but so soon as that controversie was composed he revolted againe, 
and since hath returned a great Enemie to the State, Spoyling 
and Wasting Especially the Counties of Longford and West- 
meath; he is able to make of his owne men about 100 Horsemen 
and about 300 Footmen. g 



time, a sedate and heroic man, kind to 
friends, fierce to foes.' four Masters. 

' Elect, rede. In 1 604, Teig O'Rourke 
only legitimate son of Sir Bryan O'R., 
got a grant of various lordships and 
manors in Leitrim. This Teige was 
' Lord of Breifny, a man who had ex- 
perienced many hardships while defend- 
ing his patrimony against his brother, 
Brian Oge; a man who was not 
expected to die on his bed, but by the 
spear or sword ; a man who had fought 
many difficult battles, and encountered 
many dangers while struggling for the 
dignity of his father, until God permit- 
ted him to obtain the Lordship, died 
in 1605, and was interred in the Fran- 
ciscan Monastery of Carrigpatrick, i.e. 
Dromahare.' Four Masters. 

In 1 60 1 Teig was sent by O'Neill 
with 800 men into Munster, and Red- 
mond Burke with 600 men. 

g According to the Carew MSS. 
O'Rourke's forces consisted of 600 f. 
and 60 horse. 



The territory of the Magranails or 
Reynolds comprised Mag-Rein or the 
southern and level portion of the Co. 
of Leitrim. The late Squire Reynolds 
who was murdered at Sheemore was the 
last head of this family ; his dau. is Mrs. 
M c Namara, of Lough-Scur House. 

The last entry in the Annals of 
Loch Ce tells us that in the year 1590 
'a Saxon army entered Dartry, or 
Maglancy's country; O'Rourke and 
Maglancy were in a fortified camp in 
the district before them; when Mag- 
lancy was leaving O'Rourke's camp, his 
enemies encountered him, viz., Mael- 
sechlain Maglancy and another part of 
the army under Maglancy; and they 
killed him and eight persons with him, 
and his head was sent to Athlone.'-- 
Annals of Loch Ce. 

O'Rodachans or O'Rodys were Com- 
harbas of St. Caillin in the Church of 
Fenagh ; they had several remarkable 
relics in their possession before Crom- 
well's time, viz., bells, sacred standards, 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



THE COUNTIE OF ROSCOMAN. 

Roscoman a contayneth all the plaines of Conaught, beginning 
at the Abbey of Boyle nere the mountaines of the Cirlewes 
and Stretching along by the Sheynen to the River of the Suck. 
And so it hath the Sheynen to the East and South, the Countie 
of Sligo to the North, and the Counties of Galloway and Maio 
to the West. 

This Countie is under the Diocese of the Bishop of Elfin, 
and the Townes are Roscomon, re-edified by Sir Nich. Malbie 
and the ruined Towne of Elfin. b 



the shrine of St. Caillin. A very re- 
markable bell, called Clog-na-righ or 
Bell of the Kings, and an ancient 
vellum MS. are still preserved. The 
Coarbs or Herenach families looked 
on themselves as of the rank of gentle- 
man, and not mere ' Antiquaryes.' 

O'Roddy of Crossfield, hereditary 
comharb of Fenagh Monastery, was 
grandfather of Teig O'Roddy, who was 
an eminent Irish scholar and a great 
patron of Irish literature. See Irish 
Arch. Miscellany, p. 115. 

In 1696 were attainted the O'Rourkes 
of Galovrea, of Carnegreve, of Lallagh 
and of Dungebb, all in Leitrim. Several 
members of this family have held high 
command in the armies of France, 
Austria and Russia. In Russia there 
is a Prince O'Rourke. >' Alton 1 s Army 
List. 

A Jury finds at Roscommon in 
the year 1607 that 'Roscommon 



extendeth from Athlone to Lahaghne- 
lahareebane, near and on this side of 
Beallanafadd, 33 miles, and from 
Beallaleige at the river of Sheanon to 
Owenmore, near Coystullath, 16 miles. 
. . . Item that it consisteth of fower 
barronyes and a halfe, viz. Athlone, 
Rosscommon, Boyle alias Moylagh 
(Moylurg) and the half barony of . . .' 
-far-Con, pp. 353, 355. 

b Terra in planiciem plerumque por- 
recta, fertilis, et quae numerosa pascit 
armenta, adhibitaque mediocri cultura 
fruges benigne producit . . . Sub 
Curlew montibus ad Sineum flumen est 
Bar onia Boile ubf MacDermot rerum 
potitur ; ad Succum Baronia Balin- 
Tober, ubi O' Conor Dun plurimum 
potest, cui adjacet Elphin, sedes Epis- 
copalis. Inferius v&Roscoman, O 1 Conor i 
Roo Baronia, in qua est oppidum pri- 
marium, castro olim munitum, sed 
aedificiis culmeis tectis; et magis ad 



COUNTIE OF ROSCOMAN. 



The Principall 



St. John's, belonging to Mr. Goodman. 
Balinesloe, belonging to Capt. Brabazon's Sones. 



austrum O'Kelliorum Baronia, Athlone, 
a praecipuo oppido nominata, quod 
suum habet castrum, et praesidia, et 
pontem e vivo saxo pulcherrimum 
quern Elizabetha Regina construendum 
curavit.' Letter-press affixed to Jans- 
sonius' Ancient Map of Connaught. 

' The country is of excellent soyle ; 
under O'Chonnor Donne's rule are 
O'Byrne and Offlun ; under O'Chonnor 
Roe is O'Flanigan; under MacDermot 
is MacManus.' Sydney's Letters, Vol. 
I., p. 104. 

It was divided into six baronies 
in 1574, viz., Muikarnayn Shane ne 
Moy Brene, O'Kelly and O'Naghten, 
chief in the same; Athloyne O'Kelly, 
O'Fallon, M c Cogh, O'Murye and M c 
Edmund, chief; Ballintubber O'Con- 
nor Dun, O'Flyn, and O'Flanigan, 
chief; Manaster Buille M c l)ermot, 
and the sept of Owen M'Dermot, chief; 
Tireone O'Birne and O'Hanly, chief; 
Roscommon O'Connor Roe and 
O'Hanly, chief. Car. Cal. 1601-1603, 

P- 475- 

'The Lords, Chieftains, etc., of 
Moylurge, alias M'Dermott's countrye, 
O'Connor Roe's countrye, and O'Con- 
nor Dune's countrye,' who in 1585 
came to an agreement with Perrott, 
were Hugh O'Connor of Ballintobber, 



otherwise called O'Connor Dune, chiefe 
of his name ; Fergonanym O'Hanley of 
Knockensheigh, chiefe of his name; 
Teig M c Towmultagh of Croghan ; 
Towmultagh Oge of Ballinkillen ; 
Towmultagh M c Hugh of Dromehar- 
lagh ; Oene Ernney of ... Ferrall 
M c Dermonde Roe, chiefe of his name ; 
Connor Oge M c Dermod of the . . . 
Taneste ; Cahall Oge M c Mulmory of 
the Eaden ; Mulmory MDermod, gald, 
chief of his name ; Duwaltagh MToolie 
O'Connor of Bracklone ; Cahall M c 
Toolie of Castlereagh ; Feagh O'Ffloyne 
of Sleavline, chiefe of his name ; Calloe 
O'Floyn of the Cladaghe ; Turrelagh 
Keaghe MSwiny Knocknetaghty; Teig 
O'Connor Roe, chiefe of his name ; 
Hugh MTirrelagh Roe of Clonybyrne ; 
Breene O'Flanegan of Ballaoghter, 
chiefe of his name ; John Crofton of 
Canvoe ; ... of Ballingilly ; Edward 
White of Ballinderry.' far-Con, p. 352. 
O'Connor Dune had under him 
O'Byrne, O'Hanlie, O'Fflynne, etc., in 
the barony of Ballintobber. Teig 
Oge O'Connor Roe had under him 
O'Flanegan, M c Brenan, etc., in the 
baroney of Roscommon ; he lived in 
the castle of Bealnemully ; his Tanest 
was Hugh MTirrelagh Roe, who lived 
in the castle of Clonybirne. Connor 



'52 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Ballintabler, c Athleag, belonging to the Heyres of 
S r Nicholas Lestrange in Suffolk in Ingland. 
Men of name : 

The Bishop of Elfin Oconnor dun d 



Oge M c Dermod, mentioned above 
as Tanest, lived at Incheaghochar. 
Theobald Dillon had Carrowe-Riogh 
in the barony of Ballintobber and 
Bally M c Moroghe and Bally-ne-shie in 
the barony of Boyle. There were also 
Clifford of Calae ; Cavanaghe of New- 
town castle, and Morgan of Artagh. 
See lar-Con. pp. 356, 357. 

c Belonging to Sir Hugh O'Connor 
Bonn. Baile-an-tobair or Baile-tobair- 
Brighde, in the barony of Castlereagh, 
was taken by Sir Edward Fitton in 
1571. In 1581 O'Coinnegan, an emi- 
nent cleric and keeper of a general 
house of guests, wished to be buried at 
the mound of Baile-an-Tobair. ' Diar- 
maid O'Connor Bonn, the man who 
subdued his enemies the most, and who 
plundered and destroyed his adversaries 
the most, of the race of Turlogh Mor 
O'Connor, died in 1587, was buried in 
Baile-an-tobair, under the protection of 
God and Brigid, after he had been 
thirty-five years in sovereignty.' See 
Annals of Loch Ce. 

d Hugh, gth O'Connor Bonn, mar. a 
dau. of Bryan na Murta O'Ruarc. His 
eldest son, Charles, mar. a dau. of Vis- 
count Bourke of Mayo. His son Hugh 
of Castlereagh mar. a dau. of Lord 
Billon and died in 1635. His son, 
Captain Bryan Ruadh of Corrasduna, 



mar. Mary, dau. of O'Connor Ruadh of 
Castleruby. There is nothing remark- 
able concerning O'Connor Bonn in the 
Careui Calendar. He d. in his Castle 
of Ballintubber in 1627. See Memoir 
of the O'Connors by Roderic O Con- 
nor, Esq., p. 62 and 80 ; also, Lineal 
Descent of the O'Connors, by R. 
O'Connor, Esq. 

The four Masters, p. 2145, say that 
the famous leader of Connaught buo- 
naghes, Bermot O'Connor(son of Bual- 
tach son of Tuathal), was ' a gentleman 
of the house of O'Connor Bonn.' But 
Archdall's Lodge says he was a brother 
of O'Connor Sligo, and brother-in-law 
of Tibot-na-long. Lodge, vol. iv., p. 
237. We have given an account of 
him at p. 146. 'O'Connor Bonn, who 
had been for a long time imprisoned by 
O'Bonnell, was set at liberty by him 
on the 4th Bee. 1597, after having 
given him his full demand ; and he 
solemnly bound himself to be for ever 
obedient to O'Bonnell, by guarantees 
and oaths of God and the Church ; and 
he also delivered up to him as hostages 
for the fulfilment of this, his own two 
sons, the heir of O'Beirn, the eldest 
son of O'Hanly, the heir of O'Flynn, 
etc.' However, O'Connor Bonn was 
on the English side in 1598. See Four 
Masters, pp. 2047 and 2125. 



COUNTIE OF ROSCOMAN. 



153 



Oconnor Roe e 

M c Dermott f 

O'Birne 8 



O'Flanegane 

O'Hanlie" 

O'Kellie 1 



In 1597 Dubhaltach O'C. died. 
His two sons Con and the son of Der- 
mot made an irruption into Glinske, 
the castle of MacDavid, and took preys ; 
but on their return the son of MacDavid 
defeated them, slew Con O'C. and Mul- 
rony M c Dermott and many other gen- 
tlemen. Four Masters. 

e Hugh Mirgagh O'Connor of Castle- 
ruby was nth O'Connor Ruadh in 
1596. He is ancestor of the O'Connors 
of Tomona and Ballagh in Roscommon. 
His uncle Teig was loth O'Connor 
Roe, was M.P. in 1585, was hanged in 
1592, and his sons were hanged in 
1588 and 1595. In 1616 a jury finds 
that Hugh Mirgagh O'Connor was 
seised of Castlerone, Corneboy, etc. 
Hugh's brother was John O'Connor of 
Clonfree. Memoir of the O'Connors, 
Appendix, p. ix. ; also p. 79. 

Hugh O'Connor Roe with his muster, 
and M c Dermot with his people joined 
O'Donnell in his raid into Clanrickard 
and Thomond in 1600 ; and in 1596 
they joined him in his march against 
General Sir J. Norris. However, these 
chiefs formed 'a league of friendship' with 
Sir Conyers Clifford in that year 1596 ; 
O'Donnell in consequence plundered 
O'Connor Roe's territory in 1597, 'al- 
though O'C. Roe's position was secure 
and intricate, and he had near him a 
fastness, into which he could send his 



cattle,' etc. O'Donnell took all the 
cattle and plundered and burned all his 
country. four Masters,^. 2195, 2003, 
2037. 

f Teig M c Dermot, chief in 1585, 
being too old to attend Parliament, sent 
his relative, Bryan of Carrig MacDer- 
mot, to represent the sept. This Bryan 
was chief in 1602 ; his wife was dau. of 
O'Connor Sligo. Bryan M c Dermot of 
Moylurg d. in 1592, 'and there was no 
one like him of the M c Dermots to 
succeed him in the chieftainship.' Conor 
M c Dermot is given by the four Mas- 
ters as chief of Moylurg in 1596, 1597, 
and 1600. In 1600 and 1601 M c Der- 
mott joined O'Donnell in his march 
against General Norris, and against the 
English at Kinsale. four Masters, pp. 
2041, 2195, 2275. 

B O'Beirne, chief of O'Briuin-na-Sinna, 
a beautiful district between Jamestown 
and Elphin. Carbry O'Beirne was chief 
in 1 585, and is said by the four Masters 
to have attended Perrot's Parliament. 
Mr. O'Beirne, of Dangan-i-Beirne, 
possesses some of the old property, and 
is head of the race. O 'Donovan. 

h His territory comprised the parishes 
of Kilglass, Termonbarry, Cloontuskert 
etc. O 1 Donovan's Notes to Topog. 
Poem, p. xli. 

' In 1585, among the chieftains in the 
Roscommon part of Imany were Hugh 

u 



154 



STATE OF IRELAND AXXO 1 598. 



M'Garro^ 

M c Edmond ! 

and divers freeholders 

of ech surname 
Henrie Malbie 



Divers of the Nugents, and 

Tuits, and Dillons 
The Heyres of Sir Nicholas 

Strange and Capten Bar- 

bazon. 



This Countie is also all wasted 111 that Scarce in XX Miles 
shall a House be seen all are in a sort Rebells saving Hugh 



O'Kelly (otherwise O Kelly) of LiscaL 
hone ; and Shane ne Moy O'K. of 
Criagh (now Creagh) : Shane O'Xagh- 
ten of Moynure ; Donogh O'Muny of 
Ballymurry, and Covaghe O'Fallon of 
Milltowne. The ruins of O'Fallon's 
castle are still to be seen. Hy-Many, 
p. 19. 

* In 1585 lived Connor MacGeraghte, 
otherwise called MacGerraghte. 

In 1585 lived Teig M'Owen of 
Gallee, otherwise called M c Edmond. 
He was of the sept of O'Kelly ; his 
ancestor William O'Kelly built the castle 
of Gallee or Gaille on the margin of 
Lough Ree, where it still stands. See 
lar- Gm.,p. 3 1 8. and Hy-Many, pp. 1 03, 
104. There were also of Gallee Teig 
Colle M c Connor, and Ferdoragh 
Mnrdliam Carragh. 

In 1587, obiit Shane O'Xaghten, 
seisitns, in jure Capitaneatus, de duobus 
quarterns, in Les Ffaes de Athlone, 
alias O'Naghten's cuntry. Duo quar- 
teria sunt in occupatione Connori 
O'Xaghten filii antedicti Joannis. 
O'Xaghten was the senior of all the 
Hy-Many. In 1604 a grant was made 
to Jane O'X. (widow of Robert O'X. of 
Mynure in the Faes, Co. of Roscom- 



mon, killed in the wars) of the wardship 
of John O'X., son and heir of said 
Robert. The present head of the fa- 
mily is E. Xaughton, Esq., of Thomas- 
town Park in the Faes. Of this stock 
were Baron O'Xaghten, who attended 
the Prince of Hesse Homburg when he 
married Princess Elizabeth. Hy-Many, 

P- 1/6. 

In 1566 Sydney wrote Elizabeth 
'We passed M'Dermott's country, 
Occonnor Roe's country, O'Connor 
Dune's country, and encamped near 
your Majesty's Castle and Monastery 
of Roscommon, leaving for twenty miles 
of length as fruitful and pleasant a 
country as is in England or Ireland, all 
utterly waste through the wars of 
Occonnor Duneand Occonnor Roe, and 
we suppose the breadth to be equal in 
manner with the length ; which Castle 
of Roscommon, as we perfectly per- 
ceived and were surely advertised, was 
guarded with a ward put into it by Occon- 
nor Dune ; nevertheless they offered 
us no injury lying by them, neither were 
we able to do them any.' -Journal of 
the R. Hist, and Arch. Afttx. of Ireland, 
Jan. 1870, p. 23. 






COUNTIE OF ROSCOMAX. 



155 



O'Connor Roe" but there is neither Inglysh nor Irysh left for the 
rebell or Souldier to Spoyle or prey upon. 



* ' Roscomen in '597- ^tl the 
KeDys in Imany between the Sack and 
the Shannon were in rebellion- What 
O'Donnefl came into the cuuutiy, Fe- 
riogh M=Hngh OKeDy of Movcaman, 
and the KeDys of Twoaleagh revolted ; 
some fled to the Xonh, some to 
O'Ruark s country. Donnefl O'K. of 
Lysdalkm, EdmnndO'K- T andDonogh 



of rv *g >1 "'. Jlwl Redmond OTaHon of 
Myitown were never in action. O'Con- 
nor Roe, O'Birae, OTianry. OTtmi- 
gan were in action. MacDermot with 
150 followers remited at die coming of 
O'DonndL The M'Dennot Roes tire 
about die Abbey of Boyle : bat their 
fclowtJS are in action with O'Rnark. 
Con M Dwaltogh O*Conor, cajampu 



to O'Connor Don, pretending to 
be chief of that name, mulled - he was 
slain in action by Feagh Ifci*^ son of 
Sir Hoben MacDary Boork, with 16 
". :. ". rr- ..". :!_l.r_" '-_:.: }': '^ -." 
ntt.' Car. Gi/. 1597, p. 269. Sir 
Cmjtit CtifmfsJMiMrmtitm. 

In Roscommon O'Connor Don, 
MacDennon. O'Brien, OHanryCjOTla- 

_ *W m.f < tr TW _ 

nBCXE2Xi_ IDC JA2C3VTuC^ JA^fCXlBBEDL 

Drf Dafie, O'Keflye had in 1599, 500 
foot and 30 horse. The rebeQs' forces 

horse. Dymmtk, p. 28. 

dhlFiilBiiBCj ! ii -The 



Ion, in MacWiQxam's contry ; KiDaloa, 

._ :. r : . _^ : :_.::^ :.".;: ,:*- 

GVOK. 



MOUNSTER. 

MouNSTER a being of all the provinces most commodious for 
the Soyle, Havens, Rivers, and Townes is devided into the 
counties of 

Waterford Limerick 

Cork Tipperarie 

Kerrie and Desmond 



a In the Pacata Hibernia, published 
in 1633, there are maps of Munster, 
Cahir, Askeaton, Glynn, Carrigafoyle, 
Castle Mang, Limerick, Limerick Castle, 
Kinsale, Hallibolyn, Beare, Dunboy, 
Castle-ni-Park, Muskrey, Cork, and 
Youghal. 

Spencer says of Ireland and specially 
of Munster, with which he was ac- 
quainted ' And sure it is a most beau- 
tiful and sweete countrie.' Sir H. 
Sydney wrote in 1566 ' I have known 
Munster as well inhabited as many 
counties are in England, yet a man may 
now ride 40 miles and fynde no house 
standing nor any manurance of the 
earth.' 

In 1584 the towns and villages were 
ruined and but one in thirty persons 
was left alive. Desmond's lands were 
' replenished with wood, rivers, and 
fishings.' Sir V. Browne. ' If y r honor 
did vewe the commodious havens and 
harbours, the bewtie and commoditie 
of ye river Shenan, you w d say that you 
have not in any region observed places 



of more pleasure nor a river of more 
commoditie . . . the people of Munster 
be the most docile and reformable of all 
others.' Pelham's Letter in 1580. 

' The Irish did account Mounster to 
be the Key of the Kingdome, both by 
reason of the Cities and walled Townes 
(which are more than in all the Island 
besides), the fruitfulnesse of the Country 
being reputed the Garden of Ireland, 
and the commodious harbours lying ( 
open to France and Spain.' Pac. Hib. 
p. i, Ed. 1633. 

On 23rd Apr. 1600, Mounster is 
compared by Sir H. Power, in his 
report to Carew, to ' a man diseased 
of a languishing and incurable sicknesse, 
the Head so sore, and the Heart so 
sicke, that every member refuseth his 
natural! office ; it was never more dis- 
tempered. All the inhabitants of the 
countrey are in actual and open rebel- 
lion, except some few of the better sort, 
yet even all their tenants, Friends, 
and Followers, yea, for the most part, 
either their Sonnes or Brothers, pub- 



COUNTIE OF WATERFORD. 



157 



THE COUNTIE OF WATERFORD. 
9 

Waterford contayneth all the Land between the River of the 
Suer which falleth into the Sea beneath Waterford and the River 



lickly professed in this develish action 
as, for example, the Lord of Cahir, Cor- 
mock M c Dermond Lord of Muskry, 
Gerald Fitzjames Lord of the Decies, 
McCarthy Keugh. The Rebells are 
absolutely Masters of the field, and her 
Majesty's Forces here garrisoned in 
Cities and walled Townes were in con- 
dition little better than besieged. Fur- 
thermore the Cities and walled Townes 
are so besotted and bewitched with 
Priests, Jesuits and Seminaries, that 
they are ready upon every small occa- 
sion to rise in arms against our soldiers, 
and minister all underhand ayde and 
succour unto the Rebells.' Pac. Hib. 

PP- 3i, 32- 

' Nations of Munster chiefly noted 
as procurers of mischief : The MacSy- 
his, MacSwynes, and the Leries. In 
Kerry and Desmond the Clantey 
M c Gagh, and the Stacks, saving Morrice 
Stack and his brothers. They are 
closely allied one with another. Teig 
M c Owen's sons of Drissane are noto- 
rious malefactors, the elder Owen 
M c Teig excepted. They are supported 
by Cormac M c Dermody Lord of Mus- 
krie ; their mother, one of the Swynes. 
O'Sulevan More and O'Sulevan Bere 



continue faithful subjects. The Knight 
of Kerry, Thomas FitzMorris, and John 
O'Connor Kerry, " sworn to one ano- 
ther and intended to become subjects 
when they find an opportunity." 

' Certain men sworn to continue in 
rebellion The Lord FitzMorris, Tho- 
mas Oge of Ardnagreagh, E. Hussey of 
Balynahowe, Owen M c Moriartie of 
Skart, Cahir M c Brien of Traly, Thomas 
Fitzjohn of Ballykely, heir of Ballykely. 

' Cormock Oge faithful; Cahir O'Kal- 
lahane alias Cahir Modurhte, dwelling 
by Moaloe to be maintained in his 
possessions, at least till these rebellions 
be assuaged an instrument meet to be 
employed. 

'Trusted instruments in Kerry Moris 
Stack and his brothers, John Rice, 
Donel Faries, Richard Rice. 

' To be trusted in Cork Cormock 
Oge and his brother Teig, Miles Roch, 
James Nagle and his kinsmen, W. Ma- 
lafont, Patrick Miagh of Kinsale, T. 
Fleming of Belguolan, Cormock Daly, 
Moris Roch, Cahir M c Donoghe.' 
Car. Col. year 1596. 

'The provincial rebels are no less than 
7000 able weaponed "men. Florence 
M c Carthy, by his friends and followers, 



158 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



of Youghall called the great Water and includeth the Mountain 
Countrie called the Decies 3 the Bishoprick of Lismoore ad- 
joining to the whit Knights Countrie Called Clongibbon. So 
hath it the Sea to the East Suer to the North part of the Coun- 
ties of Tipperarie and Limerick to the West, the great Water 
and part of the Countie of Cork to the South. 



will be the strongest and of greatest 
force of any Traitor in Munster ; in so 
much that 1500 of her Majesty's forces 
must of necessity be employed against 
him ! 

' The entire province was disaffected ; 
with sufficient worldy wisdom the great 
Lords continued subjects in show, but 
their followers were in action with Fitz- 
Thomas ; the walled towns were cor- 
rupted; and the open country was wholly 
in the possession of the Geraldines 
and shut against the Queen's loyal sub- 
.jects. 

' Wee can neither looke, nor hope for 
any assistaunce from the Lords of the 
countreys, who are onely in personal 
shewes subjects, as the Lo. Power, the 
Lo: of Dunboyne, Lo: Roche the Lo 
of Cahir, Cormac M c Dermott chief of 
Muskerry. M c Charty Reough chief of 
Carrebry, Garrald Fitz James chief of 
the Deasyes, Patrick Condon, O'Cal- 
loughan, and all others (except the Lo 
Barry who of late hath don good service) 
being assured from the rest to receive 
no ayde for her Matie with their forces, 
the most of them having either their 
brothers or next kinsmen in actuall 
rebellion, Florence M c Cartie (if he 
continue in this disloyall course, w ch he 



hath begonn, (whereof as yet we have 
no other hope) by his friends namely, 
both the O'Sulyvans, M c Fynnen, the 
Carties of Desmond, O'Donnevan, 
O'Crowly, O'Mahon Carbrey, O'Mahon 
Fin, sundry of theSeptesof the Carthies 
of Carbery, the M c Swynes, most of the 
Carties of Muskerry, all the Carties of 
Dowallo, O'Keefe, M c Awlye, and many 
of the O'Callaghans with his and their 
followers and kinsmen who before weare 
better disposed by their outward affec- 
tions, will be the strongest, and of 
greatest force of any traytor in Moun- 
ster ; in so much that 1500 of her Mats 
forces must of necessitie be employed 
against him.' Lifeof Florence M'Carthy 
Mor, pp. 249, 259, 260. 

' The Munster people are Spanish in 
heart, Popish in religion, and infinitely 
discontented. If the gentlemen could 
agree upon a leader, they would declare 
themselves in action.' Car. Cal. 

a ' Called the Denes, the Bishoprick 
of Rismore united to the sea of Water- 
ford, Prendergast's lande, who was one 
of the first conquest and a most famous 
capten. The White Knightes cuntry 
called Clangibbon.' Dym. O'Brics, 
O'Felans, and Fitzgeralds, were suc- 
cessively lords of the Deisi. 



COUNTIE OF WATERFORD. 



159 



It hath Castles 
and Townes 



Waterford b 
Lismore 
Dungarvan b 
Clonmell 
The Bishop of Waterford and Lismore d 



b ' Waterford and Dungarvan full of 
trafique with England, France and Spain, 
by means of their excellentgood haven.' 
Campion. 

' Waterford is properly builded, and 
very well compact, somewhat close by 
reason of their thick buildings and nar- 
row streets. The citizens through the 
intercourse of foreign trafic in short 
space attaine to abundance of wealth. 
The soil about it is not all of the best, 
by reason of which the aire is not very 
subtile ; yea nathelesse the sharpness 
of their wittes seemeth to be nothing 
dulled by reason of the grossenesse of 
the air. They are, as students, preg- 
nant in conceiving, quick in taking, and 
sure in keeping ; very heedie and warie, 
loving to looke before they leape, cheer- 
ful in their entertainment of strangers, 
hearty one to another, nothing given to 
factions. They love no idle benchwhis- 
tlers nor luskish faitors. The men are 
addicted to trafick, the women to spin- 
ning and carding. As they distil the 
best Aqua vitse, so they spin the choic- 
est rug in Ireland. The citie was never 
dusked with the least freckle of treason, 
and therefore the city's arms are decked 
with the words ' Urbs Intacta? Sta- 
nihurst, p. 24, Ed. 1586. 



In 1583 the militia of Waterford 
consisted of 300 shot and 300 billmen, 
that of Clonmel 40 shotand aoobillmen, 
that of the barony of Decies 20 shot and 
200 billmen. Cox, Hib. Anglicana. 

c In 1 600 Whyte, a lawyer, was elec- 
ted sovereign and was as much Romish 
as any of the other magistrates of Mun- 
ster towns. Father Thomas Whyte, 
S.J., a native of Clonmel, was founder 
of the Irish College of Salamanca, and 
was its Rector in 1602. Car. Cal. 
'Clonmel a well built and well-kept town 
upon the river of Sure, is more haunted 
of Jesuits and priests than any other 
towne or city within this province, which 
is the cause we found the burgesses here 
more obstinate than elsewhere. For 
when the Lord President did gently 
offer to the principal inhabitants that he 
would spare to proceed against them 
then, if they would yield to conference 
for a time, and become bound in the 
meantime not to receive any Jesuit or 
priest into their houses, they peremp- 
torily refused.' Sir J. Davys in Car. 
Cal. an. 1606, p. 475. 

d Vide infra The Bishops ; this was 
Mulmury, or Myler M c Grath, who was 
Archbishop of Cashel. 



i6o 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Vid Analect 
Catholic, in 
Hiber. 
2 nd edit. 1617 
P. 68 For an 
Account of the 
penitent death 
of this chief 
Justice/ 



Chief men The L. Power 6 baron of Carroughmore 
Sir Nicholas Walshe* chief Justice of 

the common Pleas. 
The Heyres of Fitzgerrald Late Vis- 
count of Derie 8 and Baron of Dro- 
man. 



e Vide infra The Peers. ' Only in 
personal shows a subject.' 

1 Tune mortuus est Nicholaus Valois, 
insignis haereticorum in Ibernia judex, 
qui quod se haereticum, et in Ibernos 
saevura ostenderit, apud Anglos 
magnum dignitatis locum obtinuit. 
Senescens, appropinquantemque mor- 
tem timens, Catholicae ecclesiae mise- 
ricordiam implorando impetrat. O'Su- 
levan Scare, Hist. p. 333, Ed. Kelly. 

E Recte Decies. ' The Lord of Desies, 
James, son of Gerald, son of John, son 
of Gerot M<5r of Desies, son of James, 
son of Gerot Earl of Desmond, died in 
1581.' Four Masters. 'Gerald Fitz- 
James, Chief of the Deasyes only in 
personal shows a subject.' Car. Cal. 
an. 1600. 'Mrs. Alyson Dalton 
petitions the Queen in 1600, says 
she is a poor widow with eight 
orphans, driven out of Ireland, had 
defended her castle of Knockmoan 
for two years at her own charge, prays 
to be allowed 20 warders and 4 horse- 
men in the Queen's pay. Garret Fitz 
James, her spiteful neighbour, was 



bound in ^500 for the loyalty of his 
base brother, Thomas Fitzjames, to 
whom was committed her castle of Cap- 
poquin, but he treacherously razed the 
castle, whereby said bond is forfeited.' 
The Privy Council decide that the de- 
mand about the forfeiture of the bond 
may be granted when the country is 
reduced to obedience. Car. Cal. .year 
1600. p. 396. In 1600, Elizabeth's Earl 
of Desmond writes to Cecil that ' the 
Lord of the Decis' came to him. Sir 
Gerald FitzGerald Lord of Decies died 
in 1553, seized in fee of the baronies 
of Curraghmore, Rosmire and Ath- 
meane, the manor of Dromanagh, the 
mountain and castle of Slygan, and the 
Grange in Old Parish, in all over 4000 
acres. His grandson, Gerald Fitzjames, 
mentioned above, was son of Sir James 
Lord of Decies and Elena, dau. of 
McCarthy Reagh. He mar. i st a dau. 
of Lord Poer, 2 ly a dau. of Lord Barry. 
Dying without issue he was succeeded 
by his cousin, John FitzGerod Gerald, 
whose mother was dau. of Butler of 
Derryloskan. Sir John by a dau. of the 



THE COUNTIE OF WATERFORD. 



161 



Divers other 
Howses of 



Powers' 1 

Wises' 

Aylewards k 



White Knight was father of John Oge 
who was aged 18 in 1598. John Oge's 
son was 'brought up in piety' by the fa- 
mous Colonel Sankey, mar. a dau. of 
Lord Power, and then a dau. of the 
Earl of Clancartie. He had no son; 
his daughter's son, Earl Grandison, put 
an inscription on his tomb in the church 
at Youghal. 

h 'The prisoners in Waterford jail for 
the most part were natives of that shire, 
of which there were very few that were 
not bastard imps of the Poores and 
Geraldines of the Decies, which two 
septs do overspread all that county.' 
Sir J. Davys in 1606, Car, Cal. 

There were Power of Culefin, P. of 
Culroe, P. of Balinecurry. ArchdalCs 
Lodge, Ed. 1789, vol. ii., p. 305. 

' Powers Country may be well com- 
pared with the best ordered country in 
the English Pale.' Sir H. Sydney's 
Letter, 27th Feb. 1575. 

James Wyse, of the Manor of St. 
John, died in 1596. His son, John, 
was 26 years old in 1598 ; his son 
Thomas was Mayor, and Nicholas, She- 
riff of Waterford in 1605. Of this 
family was M. Wise, S.J. In the 
Franciscan Monastery is the tomb of 
Thomas Wise and Mabelle Walshe, 
' Religione ac pietate, necnon in pau- 
peres charitate conspicuorum.' Thomas 
Wise died in 1604. 

k Aylward's castle of Fatlock was 



Walshes 1 

Maddons 

Waddings" 

beautifully situated near Passage. John 
Aylward had known Cromwell in Lon- 
don, and was informed by him that his 
castle would be spared if he would pre- 
tend conformity in religion ; Aylward 
held his faith, and lost his castle by 
siege. Ryland, p. 72. In John's Street 
is an ancient spacious house belonging 
to Sir Peter Aylward's family, over the 
chimney-piece of which, in the great 
room, the family arms are curiously cut 
in stone ; they are also cut on each side 
of the street gate. 

1 The Walshes were Mayors in 1407, 
1578, 1601, 1602, and at other times. 
Pilltown was the estate of the W. ; there 
Judge W. lived, the supposed author 
of the forged commission in favour of 
the Irish in Charles the First's time. 
The Holy Ghost Hospital was founded 
in 1545 by Patrick Walsh, ' in order 
that the master, brethren, and the pooi 
may pray for our prosperity while we 
live, and for our souls when we shall 
depart this life, and for the souls of all 
our progenitors, and for the prosperity 
of said hospital, and for the soul of 
Patrick Walsh, and for the prosperity 
of Catherine Sherlock his wife, and for 
her soul and for the souls of all the 
faithful.' Ryland, p. 190. 

m Richard Madan was Mayorin 1599; 
Jam^sM. in 1583 ; William M. in 1380. 

" Thomas Wadding was Mayor in 
1596. ' He holds a chief office under 

X 



162 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Sherlocks 

Prendergrasses p 

Geraldines q 

the Crown in the Co. of Waterford, and 
dwells in that city, a busy fellow inclined 
to breed dissension, allied in these 
parts.' Carew MSS. 608. 'The 
Mayor of Waterford, which is a great 
lawyer, one Wadding, carrieth the 
sword and rod, as I think he should do, 
for her Majesty ; but he nor his sheriffs 
never came to church sithence he was 
mayor nor sithence this reign, nor none 
of the citizens men nor women nor in 
any town or city throughout this pro- 
vince.' Letter written by Dr. Lyon in 
1596. 

Thomas W. mar. Mary Walsh, and 
had three most distinguished sons, 
Jesuits Peter, Professor of Divinity at 
Louvain, Antwerp, Prague, and Gratz, 
and Chancellor of the Universities of 
Prague and Gratz, and author of several 
books ; Michael, a distinguished Pro- 
fessor of Theology, Rector of the Se- 
minary of St. Jerome, Puebla, of the 
College of St. Ildefonse, Mexico, of the 
College of Guatemala, of the College of 
St Ildefonse, Puebla, renowned for 
learning and sanctity; he wrote a re- 
markable work on ascetic Theology ; 
Luke, a Professor of great fame in Spain, 
consulting Theologian of the Inquisition, 
Lecturer on Jurisprudence in Madrid, 
etc., ' quern summis aequiparare possis] 
as a Spanish writer says of him. 

Thomas' brother, Walter Wadding, 
had two celebrated sons Ambrose, a 



Nugents r 
Whytes 5 
Mandevils' 






Jesuit Professor in the University of 
Dilingen, and Luke, the great Francis- 
can. Their kinsman Richard W., an 
Augustinian, was a famous professor in 
Coimbra, and their cousins, Paul Sher- 
lock, S.J., and Dr. French of Ferns, were 
men of great name. See Harold's Life 
of Luke Wadding, and De La Requerds 
Memoir of Michael Wadding, S.J. 

The Sherlocks rilled the office of 
Mayor in 1462, and often afterwards. 
Paul S. was Mayor in 1594 ; JohnS. in 
1606 ; and Walter in 1614. 

p The Prendergasts, I believe, were 
of Tipperary ; they are given in Smitfis 
List as of Waterford. 

q FitzGerald of Fernane. 

' Nugent of Cloncoskeran Castle. 

John White was Mayor in 1414 ; 
Thomas W. was Mayor in 1598. In the 
cathedral, on a flat stone, are the words 
' Hie jacent Patricius White films Jo- 
hannis, quondam civis Civitatis Water- 
fordiae, qui obiit, et Anastacia Grant, 
ejus uxor, quae obiit x. die Octobris 
A.D. 1592.' Thomas W. of Clonmel, a 
Jesuit, was Rector of Salamanca at this 
time ; he was the first to found an Irish 
College on the Continent. Stephen W. 
of Clonmel, who afterwards became one 
of the most learned men in Europe, was 
a Jesuit novice in 1598. See a memoir 
of him by Dr. Reeves, and another by 
the Bollandist, Pere de Buck. 

' In the time of Edw. IV. there was 



COUNTIE OF WATERFORD. 



I6 3 



Condemns" 
Craghes v 



a grant from T. Mandeville and Anas- 
tace his wife to Earl Maurice of Des- 
mond. Car. Cal. 1589-1600 p. 104. 

Ifind nomentionof thisnamein Smith 
or Ryland, except in this passage of 
Smith : ' The principal inhabitants of 
the county in the reign of Elizabeth 
were the Aylwards, Browns, O'Briens, 
Bracks, Bourks, Condons, Creaghs, 
O'Connerys, Daltons, Dobbins, Eve- 
rards, FitzGarretsorFitzGeralds, O'Feo- 
lains, FitzTheobalds, Leas or Leaths, 
Maddens, Mandevils, Merrifields, Mor- 
gans, O'Maghers, M'Henricks, Nugents, 
Osbornes, Poers, Prendergasts, Roch- 
fords, Sherlocks, Tobins, Walls, Walshes, 
Waddings, Wyses, Whites, etc' There 
were a captain, a lieutenant, and an 
ensign named Mandeville in Butler's 
Regiment. See King fames' Army List. 
" Ryland states that ' a family of the 
Co. of Waterford-assumed, with unac- 
countable reluctance, the name of Con- 
don in place of MacMajoke.' 

v In the parish of Modeligo are the 
remains of some ancient castles of the 
Magraths. The castle of Sledy was 
built in 1628 by Philip M c Grath, as 
appears from a date on a chimney-piece 
with the words ' Philippus M c Grath.' 
In the Abbey of Dungarvan is a tomb- 
stone with the inscription, ' Donald 
M c Grath 1400.' The castle near Dun- 
garvan belonged to this family; the 
Abbey was founded by them also. The 



Brownes w 

Dobins* 

Leas 7 and Lees z 

only old monument of the church of 
Lismore which has escaped the ravages 
of time, is their highly ornamented tomb, 
with an inscription that can be only 
partially deciphered 'Johes M c Grath 
. . . uxor. . . Katherina Thome. 1548.' 
There was a Daniel M c Grath, Esq., of 
Mountain Castle, whose dau. married 
one of the Powers of Curraghmore. 
See Lodge, vol. ii. p. 306. 

w M. Browne was Mayor in 1612. 
In the Franciscan Monastery is a tomb 
with the inscription ' Hie jacet Robertus 
Lineal filius Gulielmi civis civitatis Wa- 
terfordiae, qui obiit A.D. 1630, et ttxor 
ejus Margarita Browne quae obiit . . .' 
The inscription on the Rice monument 
shows that Rice's wife was Catherine 
Browne. Rice was six times Mayor 
from 1471 to 1488. Ignatius Browne, 
a distinguished Jesuit, who founded the 
Irish College of Poictiers, was born in 
Waterford in 1630. 

1 Laurence Dobbyn was Mayor in 
1460, and Patrick D. in 1589. Whit- 
fieldstown Castle was the seat of W. 
Dobbin at the time of Petty's survey. 

y Laurence Lea of Waterford became 
a Jesuit in 1604. N. Lee was Sheriff 
in 1575 and 1580. 

1 Perhaps this should be Tews. Under 
the tower in the Franciscan Friary is a 
highly laboured monument with the in- 
scription, ' Hie jacftit Johannes Tew,fi/ius 
. quondam civis civitatis Waterford, 



1 64 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Chief \ Dongarvan, aa the queues 
Castles ] The hooke bb 



qui obiit 1597 . . . ejus uxor . . . 1599.' 
The following inscriptions in the Friary 
give names omitted in our MS. ' Hie 
jacet Johannes Skydye, civis quondam et 
Major hujus tivitatis Waterfordiae qui 
obiit 1641, et Johanna White ej'iis uxor . . . 
Hie jacet Frantiscus Lumbard filius 
Nicolai . . . obiit A. D. 1590, et Katerina 
Walshe, uxor ejus, quorum Animabus 
propitietur Deus. Amen? There is 
also a tombstone highly decorated of 
Agnes Lumbard, wife of Edward Walshe; 
of Thomas Meyler and his wife Isabella 
Walsh 'religionepe . . . ac pietate non pau- 
peres.' J. Tew and Patrick Meyler 
were Sheriffs about this time. The first 
Mayor of Waterford was W. Lumbard, 
in 1377 ; J. Lumbard was Mayor in 
1603. Dr. Peter Lombard was a theo- 
logian of European reputation, and was 
made Primate of Armagh in 1601. He 
was born in Waterford in 1554; his 
family, closely allied to the Whites and 
Waddings, gave many bright ornaments 
to both Church and State. He was 
educated by the famous Rev. Peter White 
of Waterford, called ' the happy school- 
master,' on account of his marvellous 
success in teaching. See Lombard's 
De Regno Hiberniae Commentarius , 
edited by Dr. Moran, p. v. 

In the churchyard of Newcastle, near 
Tramore, is the tomb of Ronan of Hac- 
ketstown, a celebrated doctor who d. 
in 1626, and of his wife Anastatia De- 
vereux, who d. in 1614. InCarrickbeg 



is a monument to Giraldus Wale de 
Cuilmuck nobilis, Caterina Comeford ; 
these Wales lived in the castle of Cool- 
namuck, which is still possessed by the 
family. A Jesuit named Walter Wale 
lived in 1598. At Churchtown is the 
inscription, 'fferelieth. IHS. oneBoutlr. 
Fis. Gerott. of Bolendisert. And His Wif. 
Johan. Fis. Richads. Ano. 1587.' 

Add Hore of Shandon, whose de- 
scendant Colonel Hore was M.P. for 
Waterford in 1689, when two others of 
the family were members for Dungarvan. 
In the ' French Church ' is the old 
monument of Michael Hore, merchant 
of Waterford ; also a monument to M. 
Grant, who d. in 1626. T. Grant was 
Sheriff in 1546; Matthew Grant was 
Mayor in 1640. 

There was a respectable family named 
Gough of Kilmanahan ; N. Gough was 
Mayor in 1435 an d I 44 I > and Sir Ed- 
ward Gough in 1600. Members of the 
family of Strong were Mayors in 1431, 
1434, 1485, 1560, 1581, 1588. Paul 
Strong was Mayor in 1597 ; in 1607 
Tho. Strong was Mayor and Rob. Strong 
Sheriff. Among the Waterford gentle- 
men in 1592 was ' Eu. Roche.' Car. 
Cal. A. Briver was Mayor in 1587 ; 
and a namesake of his was a Jesuit. 
Patrick Morgan was Mayor in 1593, 
and there was a Waterford Jesuit of that 
name, about that time. 

aa A very strong castle. Camden. 

bb Perhaps Crook, near Passage, which 



COUNTIE OF WATERFORD. 



Moncollop cc 
Kilmanahim dd 
Kilm c Thomas e 
Ardmore ff 



Clovey hh 
Dermebeer" 
Domano kk 
Carraghmore" 



The passage a foot at the mouth of the River 
Pilton gg Cappahun mm 



had belonged to the Knights of St. 
John, and in 1565 belonged to A. 
Power. 

cc Macollop consists of a large round 
tower, and several square towers flank- 
ing its intermediate base ; it was made 
a ruin by Cromwell in 1640. Parliam. 
Gazetteer of Ireland. 

dd Opposite Knocklofty. 

" Belonging to Power, in whose de- 
scendants the surrounding property is 
still vested. 

" " Urbem Lissimor pertransit flumen 
Avenmor, Ardmor cernit ubi concitus 
aequor adit." Necham, quoted by Cam- 
den. 

Smith in 1774 wrote that there was 
' the stump of a castle, and not long 
since was a much larger one there, 
which was taken down.' A family 
named Mirnen had property here from 
the year 1197 to 1745, when they sold 
it. Smith, p. 49. ' The Mirnynes were 
remarkable for their longevity, enjoyed 
an estate often pounds a year conveyed 
to them by 4 lives above these 400 
years, notwithstanding the Insurrections, 
etc. They never changed their name ; 
once only wanted one heir in a direct 
line, which was supplied by a colla- 
teral branch. It is said the present 



possessor, being 80 years old, never saw 
Youghal nor any other town, nor will be 
courted to it.' Dynely's Tour in 1687. 

re Belonging to the Walsh family. 

hh Clonea or Clough. Clonea, a castle 
of the FitzGeralds of Decies, is one of 
the most perfect specimens of the forti- 
fied residence. Clough was built before 
the invention of firearms ; it is called in 
Cough's Camden an ancient square 
castle. 

" Perhaps Darinlar Castle, which 
stands on the land of the Earl of Glen- 
gall, ' a tower protected by four circular 
castles, that projected beyond the cur- 
tain.' Par I. Gaz. of Ireland. 

tt The Lord of Decies owned Dro- 
mana ; he was descended from the 7th 
Earl of Desmond. In 1561 FitzGerald 
of Dromana became Baron of Dromany 
and Viscount Desses. When he died 
without issue, his brother, Sir James 
FitzGerald of Cappagh, came to live at 
Dromana ; Lord Stuart de Decies owns 
the property, and is descended (mater- 
nally) from the FitzGeralds. The 
greatest portion of the old castle was 
destroyed by fire. See note g . 

" Curraghmore, Lord Power's. 

ram The FitzGeralds built the castle 
of Cappoquin. 



i66 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Kilmadin 1 " 1 Strangally pp 

Balleconchin 00 Shyan qq 

ThisCountiein the late Rebellion of Desmond was least infected 
with treasons, yet much Spoyled by the Souldiers that lay in 
Garrisone there, and at this day some few are rebellion without 
any man of name to be their head. There belongeth more 
Ships" to the Cittie of Waterford and Wexford than to all Ireland 
besides. 



" Power's, ' boldly erected on the 
banks of the Suir,' now gone to 
decay. 

00 There was a castle in the parish of 
Ballycashen. 

pp In the neighbourhood of Tallow 
were several castles, the chief of which 
was Strancally, belonging to the Des- 
mond family. In the 28th Eliz. James 
Fitzjohn Gerrot of Strancally was at- 
tainted, also his son Gerrot Fitzjames. 

"" In 28 Eliz., Maurice M c Gerrot 
M c enEarla of Shean was attainted. 
There were also the castles of Temple- 
michael, Ballyheney, Lismore, Knock- 
moan, Cloghlack, Conagh, Cullen, 
Castlereagh, Ballyclough, Feddens, and 
Cloncoskeran (belonging to the Nugent 
family), Ballycavoge (of the Walshes). 
See Smith, Ryland, and Parliam. 
Gazetteer of Ireland. 

" 'Between the rivers Broadwater and 
Suire extends the very pleasant and 
fruitful county of Waterford . . . Water- 
ford for wealth and resort may be ranked 
the second city in Ireland.' Camden. 



' The gentle Swire, that making way 

By sweet Clonmel adorns rich Waterford.' 
Spencer. 

'A rich and well inhabited city, es- 
teemed second to Dublin.' Moryson's 
Itinerary, p. iii. ch. 5. 

Waterford was famous also for its in- 
tellectual wealth at the close of the i6th 
century the six Waddings (four of 
whom were Jesuits), the Lombards, 
Sherlocks, and Comerfords, Whites, 
and Walshes, shed lustre on their native 
city. The Annuae Litera of the Society 
of Jesus (1641-1651) says: 'Water- 
fordia, magnorum ingeniorum fecunda 
parens, prioribus annis suppeditavit 
Societati doctissimos viros, quibus illus- 
travit non caeteras modo Residentias 
Missionis, sed et alias quoque Provin- 
cias Societatis in Hispania, Germania, 
Belgio, atque ipsis Indiis.' Literae 
Annuae Provindae Hiberniae, published 
in Rome, circa 1654. 

N.B. The information, contained in 
the notes without a reference, is taken 
from Ryland's and Smith's Histories of 
Waterford. 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 



i6 7 



THE COUNTIE OF CORK. 

Cork contayneth all the lande adjoining to the Sea from the 
River of Youghall, to the Bay of the Dingle and the River 
Margne a ioining to the Countie of Kerrie, comprehending the 
Counties of Kerrie Wherrie, b Kinnalo, Garvy Roe's Countrie, d 
the Bishoprick of Rosse, the Country of Carbere on both sides 



a 'Maigne, the cuntry of Kerry wherry, 
Kilaloa, Barry-Roe's cuntry, the Bishop- 
ricke of Ross, the cuntry of Carbrye on 
both sydes the leape, O'Mahons and 
Ordriscalls cuntry. The Bantry, O'Sil- 
vian bent, O'Silvian more, and all Des- 
mond ; all which lie along y e coaste. 
In the middle of the shire lyeth Muskry, 
devided betweene Sir Cormoc and Sir 
Dermot mac teig Clancark, allso 
O'Challagon, O'Heift, Mac Auly, Mac 
Donoho, followers of the erle of Clan- 
car, and includeth the landes of the 
two viscounts Barry and Armoy.' 
Dymmok. The variantes here would 
show that our MS. was written later 
than Dymmok's account, as it speaks 
of the sons of Sir Cormac and Sir Der- 
mot M'Teg. 

b Kerricurihy (Ciarraighe-Cuirc/ie) 
12 miles long by six broad, contains 
Passage, Monkstown, and Crosshaven ; 
it belonged to Maurice, brother of the 
1 5th Earl of Desmond. Parl. Gaz. 
of Ireland. Monkstown Castle or 
Castlemahon belonged to the Archde- 



kens or Mac Odos. John Archdeken 
of Dromdony and Monkstown had a 
son John, who restored the castle ; the 
date 1636 is on the mantlepiece of the 
principal chamber. The tomb (with 
inscription) of this John A. is in the 
old ruin of Teampul Oen Bryn. Win- 
dele's South of Ireland, p. 180. 

c Kinnalea, 13 miles long by 7 wide, 
is south of Kerricurrihy ; it belonged 
to the Desmonds ; in it arc Inishannon 
and Tracton, etc. The gentlemen of 
Kinnalea in 1592 were Long, Bostock, 
Barries alias Barricok (sic, perhaps 
Barry Oge), Golde, Robinson, Graunte, 
Leoffin Meade, Awlie O'Flinne, Sars- 
field, Fleming, Roche, Roold, Cogan, 
Mac Shane, FitzMoris Roche, White, 
Risserd, Fitzwilliam Roche, Piers 
Golde. Car. Cal., an. 1591, p. 64. 

d ' Barry Roe,' in the margin ; at one 
time the O'Cowigs had seven castles 
in this district, viz., Dundeedy, Dun- 
owen, Duneen, Dunore, Duncowig, 
Dungorley, and Dunworley. Smith's 
Cork, Book ii. ch. 3. 



1 68 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



the Leap, Omahoun, f and O'Driscals Countries.* The 
Bantrie h of beer, O'Sullivant, More, and all Desmond, and 
which lie along the Coast. Also in the middle of this Shyre 
Liyeth Muskerie' now in some Sort devided between the Heyres 
of S r Dermot and S r Cormack Clancarties, also Ocallogan, k 



e A romantic ravine at the head of 
Glandore Harbour. Carberie belonged 
to M c Carthy Reagh. 

f O'Mahony's country, the present 
barony of Kinnalmeaky. 

s Corca Laidhe. Their territory was 
co-extensive with the diocese of Ross ; 
but in 1615 they owned only the seven 
parishes, whi,ch constitute the rural 
deanery of Colleymore and Colleybeg. 
They had the castles of Gleann, Bear- 
chain or Castlehaven, Lough-Hyne, 
Ardagh, Baltimore, Dunnangall, Dun- 
an-oir, Rincaliskey, and Sherkin. See 
p. 143 of Miscell. of Celtic Society. 

h Bantry and Bearra form the south- 
west portion of the Co. of Cork. The 
lord of Bantry was Sir Owen O'Sullevan; 
the lord of Bearra was his nephew, the 
famous Donnell O'Sullevan. 

' O'Sullivan Scare's countrey con- 
teyneth 160 ploughlandes ; M c Carthy 
More claymeth there Risinge out, the 
findinge of 50 Galleyglas, the geavinge 
of the Rodd, and to the value of ^40 
a yeare in spendings and refeccons. 
The countrie of Clanlawras [in O'Sul- 
levan Beare's country] conteyneth 32 
ploughlands.' MacCarthy Mor, p. 31. 
O'Sullevan's forces, as given by 
Carew, are stated in Miss CusacKs 
History of Cork O'Sullivan Bere, 30 



companies ; Owen O'Sullevan's sons in 
Bantry, 80; M c Firieen Duff, 30 in Bere 
and Glanarought; Clanlaura, 30 in Bere 
and Bantry ; the Coubrey, 40 in Bere ; 
O'Sullevan Mor, 60 in Dunkerron; 
M c Gillicuddy, 100 in Dunkerron ; 
M c Crohan, 40 in Iveragh. The Eger- 
ton MSS. give the various branches as 
O'Sullevan Mor, O'Sullevan Bere, 
MTineen Duff, M c Gillicuddy, and the 
O'Sughrues. Hist, of Cork, by the Nun 
of Kenmare, p. 332. 

1 ' Muskeray, a woody tract, in which 
the name of Cormac Mac-Teg is 
famous. ' Camden. 

k Conor O'Ceallachain, called 'Conor 
of the Rock,' was lord of Poble Hy 
Ceallachain, (i.e., the parishes of Clon- 
meen and Kilshanig,) owned Drumneen 
Castle, ' the ruins of which still present 
an august appearance.' His Tanist or 
heir elect was Shan MTeig. In 1690 
the Earl of Barrymore wrote to the 
Duke of Wirtemberg ' I have received 
a humble petition on behalf of Colonel 
M c Donogh, chief of the country called 
Dunhallow, and of another chieftain 
of a country called O'Callaghan. They 
will bring with them a thousand men, 
and at least seven or eight thousand 
cows.' This was Colonel Donogh O'Cal- 
laghan. D 1 Alton's Army List, p. 867. 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 



169 



O'Kief, 1 M c Auley, m and M c Donoghe, n followers to the late Earle 
of Cloncare and including also the Lands of the Two Viscounts 
Barrhy and Armoy. p So this Countie is bounded with the Sea 
East, South and South east, with the Mountains of Slewlogher to 
the West, and partlie with the great Water and partlie with the 
Countie of Limerick to the North. This Countie being the 
greatest in the Realm have bene tollerated to have Two Sheriffs, 



1 Art Oge O'Keeffe, b. in 1547, in- 
augurated in 1583, d. 1610; mar. a 
dau. of M c Carthie of Iniskeen. His 
sons were Daniel of Ballymacquirk, 
Donogh of Cuilbeggan, and his suc- 
cessor Manus of Dromagh, who was 
' chief of his nacion,' and was b. in 
1567. Art Oge owned the castles of 
Dromagh, Du-Ardgil, Drumtariff, and 
Drumsicane. Dixon Cornelius O'Keeffe 
of Dublin, Barrister-at-law, is of this 
family. See Tribes of Ireland, and 
D" Alton's Army List. 

m Of Castle Mac Auliffe, near New- 
market. The territory of Mac Auliffe, 
or Eas-Ealla, was the land between 
Newmarket and the boundaries of the 
counties of Limerick and Kerry. The 
head of this family, who had been born 
to a handsome estate, was weigh-master 
in the market-house at Kenmare in 
1840. Tribes of Ireland, p. 66. 

Among the gentlemen pensioners in 
the Spanish army in 1606 were John 
M c Awly, M c Awly's son, Conogher 
M c Awly his brother, Dermod M c Awly of 
Clan Awlye, and W m - M'Auliffe, all 
from Cork. Car. Cal., an. 1606^.397. 

Lord of Duhallow, of the M'Carthy 



race, built such a strong and large for- 
tress at Kanturk, that Elizabeth's 
council ordered the work to be stopped. 
See a description of it in Smith's Cork. 
In 1598 Elizabeth wrote to the Presi- 
dent of Munster ' If M c Donnaght will 
serve us against Derby M c Owen, who 
takes the title of M c Carthy More, we 
will bestow upon him the country of 
Dually.' Car. Cal., p. 286. 

Lord Barry's lands are Barries- 
Court, Inchinibakye, Castell-Lions, 
Botevant and Liscarrall in Orrery, 
Timologe, Rathebarry and Lislie in 
Ybaune ; total, 392 plowlands ; also 
he has the use of three-parts of every 
freeholders' lands within these manors, 
which amount to 1000 plowlands. 
Car. Cal. 

The gentlemen of Orrery in 1592 
were Barry alias M c Shian, Lumbard, 
Eily Barry of Bregoge ; P. H. Rirragus 
(?), Chillister, Mizof Lessfricken, Byrn, 
Nangle, Dalie, Rallaghan M c Owen. 
Car. Cal., p. 64. 

p .forte Fermoy, the Barony of Fermoy, 
Roche's country, a beautiful territory. 
It is called the ' country of fine roads ' 
by the Bard Ruadh O'Daly. 



i yo 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



the one particular in Desmond, the other in the rest of the 
Countrie, and this without any Ground in Law, but by discretion 
of the L. Deputies, the inconvenience thereof being espied it 
hath been of late thought good that one Sherriff should for 
Kerrie and Desmond, and so Two Sherriffs in one Countie 
against Law taken away. 
Cities and Corke q a walled Cittie with a good Haven. 

Townes Clone ) 

r | Bishopncks ruined. 

Youghall 8 a Haven toune walled. 



q ' Cork is of an oval figure, sur- 
rounded by walls, environed and inter- 
sected by the river, which is passable 
only by bridges ; and consisting of one 
straight street, continued by a bridge. 
A little trading town of great resort and 
eminence, but so beset by rebellious 
neighbours as to require as constant a 
watch as if constantly besieged, and the 
inhabitants not daring to trust their 
daughters to marry in the country, are 
all somehow related.' Camden. 

' At this day (1575) the citty of Cork 
is so encumbered with unquiet neigh- 
bours of great power, that they are 
forced to watch their gates continually, 
to keep them shut at service time, at 
meales, from sunneset to sunne rising; 
nor suffer any stranger to enter with his 
weapon, but to leave the same at a 
lodge appointed. They walk out for 
recreation at seasons, with strength of 
men furnished ; they match in wedlock 
among themselves.' Campion, p. 96. 

Some Cork families are mentioned 



in the following monuments, etc., men- 
tioned by Windele: 

In Shandon Churchyard is the tomb 
of Stephen Coppinger of Ballyvolane, 
' chief of the name,' erected by his wife, 
ne'e Goold ; he was born in 1610. 

Inscription on a chalice ' Dna 
Margareta Sarsfield me fieri fecit pro 
fribus minoribus de Shandon, Anno 
Domini 1627, orate pro ea, et pro 
marito ejus Waltro Coppinger.' 

J. White the elder by his will in 
1582 directs his body to be buried in 
S L James' Chapell, Christ Church, 
'where mine ancestors lye.' 

Tomb (date 1584) of J. Coleman 
and his wife Anstace M c Donnell 
Windele, p. 56. 

Tomb of Walshe and his wife An 
Goaghe, with Templars' ensigns, 1592. 
Winders South of Ireland. 

' ' Ross, formerly of great resort, but, 
since a bar of sand has been thrown up, 
it is deserted.' Camden. 

s 'Youghall no large town indeed, 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 



171 



Kinsale' in like sort. 

Buttevant" ane inland Towne belonging to the Viscount 

Barrhy. 

Moyallo, v a fayre market Towne unwalled belonging 
to the L. President, where he maketh his Residence. 
Tallow. Tallowyhe, a market Towne upon the great Water. 
Principal Viscount Buttevant w or Barrhy, his name is Barrhy, 
Men. his chief hous Buttevant. 

Viscount Armoy w or Roche, his name Roche, his 

chief Hous Annoy. 
L. Courcy, w his name so. 



but encompassed with walls of an ob- 
long form, with a commodious harbour, 
with a key fortified. The fertility of 
the neighbouring country so invites 
merchants, that it is much resorted to, 
and has for its chief magistrate a mayor.' 
Camden. 

'A seaport town scituate at the ffoot 
of high rocky mountains, upon the 
mouth of the Blackwater.' 

In the church there is an ' altar 
tomb ' of Piers Miagh, who died in 
1633, aged 43. On it is a Latin In- 
scription with a Latin Distich, and there 
were also the following words in Eng- 
lish (which are now effaced) : ' Pray 
for the Founders hereof, Piers Miagh 
Fitzjames of Yoghal, Alderman, and 
Phillis Miagh alias Nagle, his onely 
wife, who made this monument for their 
last lodging in this world.' 

In the Portingal Chapel are the tombs 
of the Youghal merchants, Edw. Cop- 
pinger, who d. in 1624, and R. Nagle, 



who died in 1605. Dynely's Tour. 
Adams, whose tombstone is in the 
Churchyard of St. Mary's, was born in 
1588, when Raleigh was Mayor, and 
he d. in 1715, aged 126 years. Note 
to Dynelfs Tour, by Rev. S. Hayman. 

The image of the Blessed Virgin, 
which formerly belonged to the Do- 
minican Convent of Youghal, has the 
inscription ' Orate pro anima Onoriae 
filiae Jacobi de Geraldine, quae me fieri 
fecit, an. 1617.' Windele, p. 81. 

' See the Map of Kinsale, and the 
account of its siege in Pacata Hibernia. 

"Wadding wrote, arc. 1640, 'The 
town had been large and frequented, 
is now reduced. Two illustrious fa- 
milies, the Barrys and Lombards, had 
their residence here.' Miss CusacKs 
Cork, p. 490. 

v Had belonged to the Earls of Des- 
mond. It was defended by two castles. 

w Vide infra among the Peers and 
Bishops. 



172 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



The B. w of Cork, Clone and Roscarbery. 
S r Owen M c Carte reaghe. 1 
S r Thomas Barrhy oge. y 
S r Owen O'Sullivan.* 



"In 1593, Mag Carthaigh Riabhach 
(Owen McCarthy Reagh) Tighearna or 
Lord of Carbery, died. He was a sen- 
sible, pious, and truly hospitable and 
noble-minded man. Donal, son of 
Cormac na h-Aoine, took his place.' 
Owen had been inaugurated in 1575. 
Annals,yza.K 1576, and 1593. Owen, 
who was described by St. Leger as ' a 
notorious papist who would be in re- 
bellion if he dared,' wrote to Elizabeth 
in 1583 that he had contributed .7497 
out of his territory to crush the Des- 
monds. On the 23rd Dec. 1587, he 
wrote from his ' Lodgings at Westmystre' 
to the Lord Treasurer that he had spent 
all the money he had deemed enough 
to bring with him, asked a loan of 
^200 or ^300, which he 'will pay in 
Ireland to the Lord Deputy.' In the 
postscript he asks ' a Loan of one fortie 
ponds to refreshe me theis holydays.' 
M' Carthy Mor, pp. 1 9 and 99. Owen 
had three sons, but his nephew Donal, 
' the eldest relative of the blood,' suc- 
ceeded by Tanistry. Owen's sons, 
Donogh Mael, and Finin, commanded 
400 of the insurgents in 1602. Car. 
Cat., 268 and 404, an. 1602. 

Sir Owen's dau. Evline was the wife 
of Sir Finin O'Driscoll (infra, note aa ). 

y The country of Barry Og (or 
' young Barry ') was Kinalea, in which 



was his castle of Rincorran near Kin- 
sale. See Annals, pp. 2269, 2271, 
and 2161. 'Barry Oge, and the bar- 
ren's brother John in the Muskry com- 
mand 120 foot, and 30 horse.' 
Dymmok. 

z Sir Owen O'Sullevan Beare; O'Sul- 
levan Mor is mentioned, infra. Owen, 
in 1598, was negotiating a marriage 
between his dau. and Donal, base son 
of the Earl of Clencar, whom he tried 
to get elected M c Carthy Mor ; in 1594 
he died, and his nephew Donall became 
Lord of Beare, though Owen's son had 
' the best part of Beare and Ban try.' 
McCarthy Mor, pp. 27, 37, 134. 
Owen's son Owen, and his other sons 
were on the English side at the siege 
of Dunboy, as they laid claim to the 
Lordship of Beare. Young Owen was 
Lord of Bantriein 1615; he d. in 1617; 
he was nephew of Lord Barry, and 
brother-in-law of Sir Cormac McCarthy 
of Muscry, of Sir Nich. Browne and 
O'Sullevan Mor. His cousin Donal 
Lord of Beare, after the defeat of Kin- 
sale, held out against overwhelming 
odds ; and his castle of Dunboy was so 
heroically defended by M c Geoghagan, 
that Carew in the Pacata says that 
' so obstinate and resolved a defence 
had not been seen in this kingdom.' 
When Donal was deserted by his allies, 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 



173 



S r Fyn O'Driscall." 

The Sones of S r Dermott and S r Cormack bb MTeig. 



he set out with 400 men and 600 women 
and children from Glengariff on Dec. 
31, 1602 ; and fought his way through 
the Barries, the Butlers, the Burkes of 
Clanricard, and on the i6th of Jan. 
reached O'Rourk's Castle of Leitrim, 
with his numbers reduced to thirty-five 
people. He was assassinated in Madrid 
in 1618. Miscel. Celt. Soc. p. 403, and 
Preface to the Historia Catholica, ed. by 
Dr. Kelly. His cousin, the Historian, 
Philip O'Sullevan Beare, says of him 
'Obiens annum 57 agebat. Erat vir 
plane pius et largus maxime in pauperes 
et egenos. Duobus vel tribus Missarum 
sacris quotidie interesse solebat, longas 
ad Deum et Superos quotidianas preces 
effundens . . . Erat procerus et ele- 
gans statura, vultu pulcher' p. 338. 
The Annals, p. 2291, say he was 'the 
best commander in Munster, for wis- 
dom and valour ; ' and the Pacata Hi- 
bernia (book iii. chap. 1 7) tells of ' his 
brave charge (at Aughrim) on our men, 
who were more in numbers than the 
rebels, in the which Captaine Malby 
was slaine, upon whose fall Sir T. Burke 
and his Troopes, fainting with the losse 
of many men, studied their safeties by 
flight, and the rebels, with little harm, 
marched into O'Rourk's Country.' 

aa O'h-Eidirsceoil. Sir Fineen O'Dris- 
coll, chief of Collymore in 1585, 
was living in 1614. There is an Irish 
poem on his death by Teig O'Daly. 



From it we learn that his 'eye was rapid;' 
'his hand early in seeking the heavy 
weapons;' 'his tongue powerful.' Hisson 
Conor was a Captain, and his grandson 
Conor was an ensign in Spain. Fineen 
mar. a dau. of Sir Owen McCarthy 
Reagh ; his son mar. a dau. of Donal 
Mac Owen Mac Swyne of Muskrie. 
His grandson Conor Og was killed in 
a naval fight between the Spaniards and 
Turks in 1619. In 1601, ' Donogh 
O'Driscoll delivered to the Spaniards 
his castle of Castlehaven; Sir Fineen 
O'D. (who never had been tainted with 
the least spot of disloyaltie) rendered 
to them his castle of Donneshed at Bal- 
timore and his castle at Donnelong.' 
See Miscell. Celt. Soc. and Pac. Hib. 

In 1602 Carew took and burnt Lit- 
tertenlis, a castle belonging to the 
Traitor Sir Finyn O'Driscoll's son. 
' Fynin's three sons abroad are ready to 
skip to Ireland and do mischief.' 

Collymore contains 63 ploughlands, 
the Lord whereof is O'Driscoll More ; 
Collybeg is O'Driscoll Oge's land, and 
contains 34 ploughlands. Car. Cat., 
year 1599, p. 353. 

bb Sir Dermot and Sir Cormac were 
brothers their sons were enemies. 

' Cormac Mac Taige, Lord of Mus- 
kery, a comely-shaped, bright-coun- 
tenanced man, who possessed most 
whitewashed edifices, fine built castles 
and hereditary seats of any of the 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



M c Donaghe. c 



descendants of Eoghan Mor, d. in 1 583. 
The people were at strife after his 
death ; some supported Callaghan, son 
of Teig, on account of his seniority ; 
others joined Cormac, son of Dermot, 
who sought the chieftaincy on account 
of his father's patent ; others supported 
the young sons of the deceased Cormac 
M c Taig. Annals, an. 1583. In 1597 
Brown writes to Burleigh ' There has 
been much murdering among themselves 
(the M c Carthies of Muskery) about 
their lands.' The sons of Sir Dermot 
were Cormac and Teig M c Dermot ; 
the sons of Sir Cormac were ' Charles ' 
or Cormac Oge, and Teig M c Cormac. 

Cronelly, and Windele in his South 
of Ireland (p. 228) mistake Cormac 
M c Dermot or MDermond for Cormac 
MTeig. 

'The Captain or Lo. of Muskery 
hath two sonnes, and a brother called 
Teigh Mac Dermonde, and Charles, 
sonne of Sir Cormac Teigh, last Lo. of 
Muskerry.' ' The countrey of Mus- 
kerie is very large, wherein five other 
countreis are conteyned ; he claymeth 
of them risinge out ; M c Carthy Mor 
claimeth here the keapinge of thirtie 
galleglass, and findinge of him for a 
certen tyme.' McCarthy Mor. 

' The septs of the Carties themselves 
(with their Followers and Dependants) 
were known to bee no lesse than 3000 
able men. The rest were no less than 
4 5 strong. CormackeM c Dermondwas 
Lord of Muskerry, a populous, a rich, 



and a fast Countrey,' Pac. Hib. , p. 131. 
During the siege of Kinsale there was 
a young gentleman of the Carties, Teg 
Mac Cormock, son to that well-deserv- 
ing gentleman, Sir Cormack Mac Teg, 
who, being of the President's Troope 
of Horse, combined with the Enemie, 
stealing away his Horse and Hackney.' 
He writes from Carrigifuky, June 1602, 
to ask remission of his offences which 
he committed 'not to hurt her Majestic, 
but to recover against my Cosen Cor- 
mock Mac Dermody some means to 
maintain my decayed estate, and still 
likely to be suppressed by his greatnesse, 
who will by no means give me a portion 
of land to live upon.' ' This young man 
bearing no good will to Cormock Mac 
Dermody, his Cosen, Lord of Muskerry,' 
makes some communications true or 
false. Whereupon Carew resolved to 
seize Cormock's castles of Blarney, 
Kilcrea, and Macrumpe. Sir C. Wil- 
mot and Captaine Harvie, with a ser- 
geant and 24 foote, make shew of going 
to hunt the Bucke neare the castle of 
Blarney. This castle 'is four piles 
joined in one, seated on a maine rock, 
and so free from mining, the wall 18 
foote thicke, and well flancked at each 
corner to the best advantage. Sir C. 
Wilmot asked for wine and usquebagh 
(whereof Irish gentlemen are seldom 
disfurnished). But the Warders, whether 
out of the jealous custom of the Nation 
in general (which is, not to admit any . 
strangers in their master's absence to 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 

0'Kief. dd O'Gallogan.-" 



come into their castles), neither Sir Char- 
les (though he much importuned to see 
the roomey within) nor any of his com- 
pany were permitted to go into the gate 
of the castle, nor hardly to looke within 
the gate of the Bawne.' Cormac himself 
was invited to Cork and imprisoned. 

Cormack consented to hand over his 
castle of Blarney ' to Captain Taaffe, 
in whom he reposed much trust, so that 
no others might have the custody 
thereof. His castle of Kilcrey sur- 
rendered to Cap. Slingsbie; but Mo- 
crumpe, seated in the heart of Muscrey, 
surrounded with woods and bogs, could 
not be gotten without the countenance 
of an Armie.' Cormock escapes from 
his prison in Cork, and Wilmot is 
ordered to raise the siege of Macrumpe; 
the castle took fire while a pig was 
singed, and the warders trying to cut 
their way to the woods, were killed to 
the number of 50. As Cormack's 
children and wife were prisoners, he 
did not wish to fight, and begged to be 
pardoned, and he was pardoned for 
good reasons as he was the strongest 
man of followers in Munster, his Coun- 
trey reached even to the walls of Cork ; 
he had been only a Jugling Traytor ; 
not to forgive him 'might have bred 
newbroyles.and protracted the warres of 
Mounster ad infinitum? ' Her Majesty 
might have got his land,' which, 'in the 
opinion of all wise men, would have 
proved too dear a purchase.' 



'Owen Mac Teig of the Drisshan, 
a Carty of Muskerry, and his Cosen, 
Owen Ologh M c Swiney, led Bagnall and 
his forces to Tirrell's quarters at night, 
which were surprised, 80 men killed. 
Tirrell, who with his wife had to run 
away half-naked, lost 50 horse and 
hacknies, 1000 cowes, sheep and gar- 
rans, great store of arms and baggage; 
only 17 of our men hurt. 'Tirrell 
rageth in fury against the inhabitants of 
Muskerry, burning their corn and cab- 
bines and putting them to the sword, as 
he thought that Cormock had contrived 
this plot.' Pac. Hib., 599, 634, 641. 

cc Two of the M c Carthies claimed to 
be M c Donogh: Dermod M c Owen, who 
seems to be meant here, and Donogh 
M c Cormac of note ( ee ) infra. I regret 
that I could not find any pedigree of 
the M c Donogh Carthies. These ' two 
Chiefs,' as the Annals call them (p. 
1837), were at strife for the Lordship 
of Duhallow, namely, Dermot (son of 
Owen, son of Donogh an-Bhothair, son 
of Owen, son of Donogh), and Donogh 
(son of Cormac Oge, son of Cormac, 
son of Donogh).' They could not be 
nearer than third cousins. O'Sullevan 
Beare says of them (pp. 196 and 199), 
' Dermysius et Donatus Mac Carrhae 
de Allae principatu lite contendentes 
judiciis regiorum judicum stomacha- 
bantur. Allae principatus competitores 
conspirarunt.' See note n . 

'The I st is the countrey of M'Donoc- 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

M c Awlie. dd Fynen" M c Cartie. 



hoe (called Duallo) w c h hath w'hin it 
thre other countreis, O'Chalachan's 
countrey. He claymeth in these coun- 
treis the gevinge of the Rod to the 
chieffe Lords at their first entrie, who 
by receivinge a whit wand at his hands, 
for which they pay him a certen clutie, 
are thereby declared from thenceforthe 
to be Lords of those countries. He 
claymeth allso that they are to rise out 
wth him when he makes warre ; to 
maintaine for him seaven and 20 Galle- 
glasses. State Paper given in the Life 
of Mac Carthy Mbr. 

^ See supra notes k| ' m . M c Awly 
was 'very inward with O'Neill.' About 
1602, Sir F. Barkley, 'finding good cause 
and fitt opportunity to plague Mac 
Awley (and his Tenants who, under 
protection, relieved the broken-hearted 
rebels) harassed all the countrey of 
Clanowlie, and took from thence 1000 
Cows, 200 Garrans, besides Sheepe 
and other spoyle, and had the kill- 
ing of many traitors.' Pac. Hib., p. 

193- 

" Finghin Mac Carthaigh, 'M c Carthy 
More,' and Chief of Carbery. See his 
Life and Letters, by Mr. M c Carthy Glas, 
and a short sketch of his extrordinary 
career in the Appendix. He was the 
most powerful of Irish chiefs, after 
O'Neill and O'Donnell. This Finghin 
or ' Florens Mac Carthy myt be both 
M c Carthy More and M c Carthy Rewe, 
and thereby become farre greater in 



Munster than ever was Desmond, and 
greater then any man in all Ireland, that 
hath ben in this age, for O'Sulivan More 
and O'Sulivan Bere they do depend on 
Mac Carthy More ; The O'Driscoes 
do depend on Mac Carthy Rewe. The 
Lords of Muskry and Duallow, being 
both great territories, are of the Mac 
Cartyes, and depend upon that chieff 
house, and so do divers other pettie 
Lords of smaller territories, all w ch do lye, 
the one upon the other from Cork, 
above sixty miles together westward, 
upon the very uttermost p ts of Spayne.' 
Report on Florence in 1595, sup- 
posed to be \syPopham. SeeM'Cart/iy 
Mor, p. 135. 

'These that follow are allyd, and 
have matched with the House of Clan 
Kartie : A Syster of the late Earle of 
Desmonde married to the Earle of Clan 
Kartie. A Syster of James Fitz Maurice 
was married to Sir Donoghe M c Carty, 
by whom he had issue, Florence and 
his brother. Corm' M'Dermode, now 
Lo. of Muskerys Mother was another 
Syster of the saide James Fitz Morrice 
the Traytor. The Lo. Roche married 
a third Syster of the said James, by 
whom she hath a sonne and a daughter; 
which daughter is married to Mac 
Donoghe, now Lord of Dowalla. 

'The Seneschall is married to a 
daughter of the said James Fitz Morrice.' 
-Notes for Her Majesty in 1588. 
McCarthy Mor, p. 42. 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 



1/7 



Donell pipe ff M c Cartie. 



Fineen wrote to Burghley in 1595 
' Where Yor Lo p hath enquired who 
was heir of the said contrey of Carbery 
as for my parte I know not a more 
lawfull heir than myself, seeing Law 
doth allow custome as well in Englande 
as in Ireland, and that custome hath 
bene ever inviolablie kept there ; and 
yo r Lo p shall fynd me more comform- 
able than Donell Pypy himselfe, or 
Dearmed McCarthy, or Donogh Oge 
M'Carthy, or Donogh M c Owen M c Car- 
thy, or Florence M c Owen or any other 
of the Cept.' 

'A not of such as are Lordes of Gun- 
tries being Finnin Mac Carti's kinsmen 
and followers of the Earls of Clancarte 
within Desmond and the Co. of Cork 
adioining upon Desmond : 

} Finnin's 
Cormok Mac Dermonde 

Teg~D'Dermond 



^ , 



O'Sullevan Mooar, married unto Fin- 

nin's Sister. 

O'Sullevant Bear. O'Donnaogh-Glan. 
Mac Gillo Cuddie. Mac Crehon. 
Mac Gillo Newlan. MDonnelL 
Hugh Cormok of Dungwill. 
Clan Dermond. Clan Lawras. 
Hugh Donill Brik. M c Finnin. 
M c Finnin Duff. Clan Teige Kettas. 
M c Donogh Barret. M'Cawlef. 
O'Kiffe. O'Kelahan. O'Dale. 

With many others, and alied by him- 
selfe and his wife unto most of the 
noblemen in Ireland.' M'Carthy Mor, 
p. 152. 



Of the 1 60 castles built in Cork, 26 
were erected by the M c Carthies. 
Winders South of Ireland. 

Irish Forces in Desmond. 

Horse. Gallo- Kerne, 
glas. 

Mac Carthy More, Prince of that 

portion . . . .40 160 2000 
Mac Carthy Reagh, Lord of 

Carbry . . . . 60 80 2000 

Donogh Mac Carthy of Dowallie 24 80 zoo 

Teig Mac Cormac of Muskry . 40 80 200 

O'Keefe 120 loo 

M c Awliffe . . . . 80 o 60 

O'Donovan . . . . 6 o 60 
O'Driscolls of Collimore and 

Baltimore . . . .60 200 

O'Mahon of Ivaghe , . 26 o 120 

O'Sullevan Beare and Bantry . 10 o 200 
O'Donough More of Lough 

Lene 12 o 200 

O'Mahoni of Brin . . . 46 o 100 

O'Dwyre of Kil-na-Managhe . 12 o 100 
M c Teig MTlilip of Kilna- 

loghengarty . . . . 6 o 40 

The last two were not followers of 
Mac Carthy. Carew, quoted in AT Car- 
thy Mor, p. 9. 

' These are of Carbery, of Florence 
his countrie, his followers, cosens, 
and kinsmen. Donell M c Carty, al s 
M'Carty Reogh; Donogh Oge O'Cullen, 
Reynold Oge O'Hurley th elder; Teigh- 
en-orsie M c Carty; Kyrone M c Moragho 
M c Sweynie ; Teig Oreigan ; Moroghe 
M c Dermod Oreigan, Dermod, John, 
and Donell, sonnes to the said Morgho. 
Teigh M c Donnell Icrooly al s Branagh ; 
Owen M c Dermodie M c Donnell Cartie.' 
M' Carthy Mor, p. 103. 

" Donal-na-Pipe M c Carthy Reagh, 

z 



7 8 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO I 598. 

Donaghe M c Cormack. gg 
Patrick Condorn. hh 



Lord of Carbery, first cousin and great 

enemy of Florence, who was, as 

Tanist, to succeed him. He pledged 

himself in securities of ^10,000 to 

Florence, not to interfere with the Irish 

custom of Tanistry. He was son of 

Cormac na-h-Aoine ; he was elected 

M c Carthy Reagh in 1593; he mar. a 

sister of the ' Sugaun,' Earl of Desmond ; 

he d. in 1612. In 1606 he succeeded 

in getting his castles of Kilbrittain, etc., 

and his lands settled on his children, 

thus robbing his Tanist and his 

sept. His mother was a dau. of the 

Lord of Muskery; his sisters were mar. 

to Butler of Kilcash, Butler of Shian, 

M c Donogh Lord of Duhallow, Fitz- 

Gerald Lord of Decies, and M c Carthy 

of Inniskeen, Chief of Slught Donogh. 

His son mar. a dau. of the White 

Knight ; his dau. were wives of Lord 

Barry, McCarthy of Dunmanway, and 

M c Carthy of Ballykay. In 1 600 M c Car- 

thy Reagh betrays Florence. ' The 

said Florence asked M c Carthie Reaugh 

(they twaine standinge in the windowe 

in Kilbrittaine Castell next to the sea) 

what course he would take? M c Carthie 

made answer that he proposed to 

houlde, as he had done, on her Majesty's 

side. Florence made answeare and 

said, take heede what you do ! the 

Queene is not able to overcome us : 

trust not in the English, for they are 

not sound among themselves, and the 



Councill is divided, and noman knoweth 
it better than I do ; and be suere that 
the Irish will prevaile,' etc. M'Carthy 
Mar, p. 239, and Crondly. 

Ke See note ( cc ). He was killed in a 
skirmish in Connaught in 1601, say the 
Annals, which call him M c Donough, i.e., 
Donough Mac Cormac Oge, MCor- 
mac. p. 2231. 

There were also the Mac Carthies of 
Ballea, of Cloghroe, of Mourne or na 
Mona; Teig-an-Fhorsa M'Carthy Duna 
of Gleanacroim, who i mar. a dau. of 
M c Swiney, Constable of Thomond, and 
2 a dau. of Rory M c Sheehy. See 
McCarthy Mor, and Cronelly's Family 
History. 

hh In 1582 the Seneschal of Imokilly 
and Gilla-Patrick Condun made a raid 
into Roche's country, slew his sons 
Redmond and Theobald, and a great 
number of the chiefs of their people 
and of their chief constables. Theo- 
bald's wife seeing her husband mangled, 
shrieked dreadfully, 'so that she died f\ 
that night alongside the body of her 
husband.' In a second raid, at All- 
hallowtide, the Seneschal and Patriccin ' 
Condun slew two other sons of Roche, 
and only fourteen weaponed men of 
the territory outlived the engagement ! 
Annals, p. 1777. 

In 1600, Mac Hawghe Condon, 
chiefe of a small country, submitted to 
the Queen. In 1601, O'Donnell de- 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 



179 



John Fitz Edmond.'' 
Seneshall of Imokellie. kk 



sires Fineen McCarthy to commend 
him to Patrick Condon. Pac. Hib., 
pp. 62 and 302. In 1591, the gentle- 
men of Condon's countrey were, Ed- 
mond Gangahe; Edmond Og Condon; 
Patrick C. ; Walter C. ; Wm. Edmond 
C. ; and Edmond M'John C. ; Richard 
Condon alias M c Maoge, Piers Gold, 
and Fynne Monsloe. Car. Cal., p. 
64. 

In 1598, Cecil writes 'Certain un- 
dertakers are clamouring for the lands 
of Condon ; let this chief be told that 
his land shall be safe from them.' 
McCarthy Mor, p. 168. 

' Condon was brother-in-law of Lord 
Barry, who in 1605 informed Lord 
Salisbury that Condon was descended 
of the ancient English, his ancestors 
maintaining their lands since the con- 
quest, and was near allied to ancient 
English in general in the Province of 
Munster.' Strange to say, Condon's 
son, David, was a friend of Florence 
M c Carthy, the enemy of his uncle 
Barry, and with the Earl of Thomond 
and others was surety for him 'in ^250 
a-piece.' Car. Cal., 1605; McCarthy 
Mor, p. 399. The second Earl of 
Desmond mar. a dau. of Lord Condon. 
Patrick Condon of Ballymac-Patrick 
mar. Honora, sister of David Lord 
Barry, who lived in 1598. Lodge, vol. 
i., pp. 63 and 293. 

In 1591, William, son of Gerald C. 



of Cork-beg sold his property to John 
FitzEdmond de Gerald of Cloyne ; 
near Corkbeg House are the remains 
of Condon's castle. Winders South of 
Ireland, p. 197. 

In 1605, David C. describes himself 
to the Secretary of State as ' Chief of 
his sept, of as noble a house of English 
race as most in Ireland, and by birth 
Baron of Ballyderrowen ; the Lords C. 
had frequently been summoned as 
Barons to Parliament his ancestors 
had never matched but with Earls or 
Barons.' 

" I cannot make out who he is, from 
the Geraldine Documents, or Calendar 
of Carew Papers. Perhaps he is the 
Geraldine under note ( kk ). 

kk See supra note ( hh ). Gentlemen of 
the barony of Imokillie in 1592 John 
FitzEdmond Gerrald ; R. Condon ; J. 
Ca X rew (his mark) ; Edmund X Su- 
pell (his mark) ; Redmond Maguier ; 
Mastine X M c Pieris (his mark) ; Ed- 
mond Power ; Gerott X Condon (his 
mark). Car. Cal. In 1602, 'William 
M'Shane, the Seneschal's son of 
Imokilly,' emigrated to Spain, after the 
battle of Kinsale. The daughter of 
James FitzMorris mar. John FitzGerald, 
Seneschal of Imokilly, and 2 ly Sir Ed- 
mond, son and heir of Sir J. FitzGerald 
of Cloyne and Ballymaloe. In 1565, 
' Gerald Fitzjames M c Sleyney, Captain 
of his nacion in Imokilly and true Lord 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

John Fitz Edmond" of Clone. 



of Rostellan, sold unto John Fitz- 
Edmond James de Geraldinis his manor 
of Rosteilan.' Windele, p. 199. 

The 8 th and last Seneschal of Imo- 
killy was John FitzEdmund FitzGerald; 
he married the dau. of James Fitz- 
Mauriceof Desmond, 'the Arch Traytor.' 
His son Edmund was twelve years old 
in 1598. His sisters were married to 
Condon of Corkbeg, Sir John Fitz- 
Edmond, and R. M c Brien M c Shee ; his 
illegitimate son was in Spain in 1602. 
Geraldine Documents in Kilk. Jour, of 
Arch. 

11 ' A man very famous for his learn- 
ing and liberall hospitality in enter- 
taining of strangers.' Pac. Hib., p. 63. 

A ' Bastard Geraldine, a man of 
great authority, commissioner of the 
peace and quorum, and trusted and em- 
ployed in causes of State; he has ^1000 
revenue; has made show of religion and 
loyalty and affection to the English ; 
but of late has been discovered a hippo- 
crite and a traitor ... as rebellious and 
hateful heart towards the English as 
any Desmond or Tyrone.' -Justice 
Saxey in 1597, Car. Cal. In 1600, 
O'Neile wrote to Edmond Fitzjohn and 
Thomas Fitzjohn, ' to come to himself 
' and fight for your conscience and the 
right. And if you do not, be well 
assured by the will of God that O'Neylle 
will come and sojourn with you for a 
time ; ' and O'Neille ' utterly spoiled 
him.' Car. Cal., 1600, pp. 363 and 364. 



FitzEdmund was Fyneen M c Carthy's 
godfather. Carew, in M' Car thy Mor, 
p. 268. After the victory of Kinsale 
the Lord Deputy, the night that he left 
Cork, lodged at Clone, a towne and 
manor house sometime belonging to 
the bishop of that See, but now passed 
in Fee-farme to Master John Fitz-Ed- 
mond, who gave cheereful and plentiful 
entertainment to his Lordship and all 
such of the Nobility, Captaines, and 
gentlemen, and others as attended upon 
him the Deputy did honour him with 
the Order of Knighthood to requite his 
perpetual loyalty, etc. Pac. Hib., p. 

53- 

FitzEdmond mar. a dau. of Lord 
Barry; died in 1612, aged 82. His 
monument, with effigies, is in Cloyne 
cathedral. He had four brothers ; his 
sisters were married to Lord Inchiquin 
and Owen M c Donal O'Sullevan. His 
family vanished with his great-grand- 
son. 

His epitaph runs thus 

Epitaphium Johannis de Geraldinis 

Militis. 

Anno Domini 1611. 
Hie situs est miles magni de stirpe 

Giraldi, 

Aeterna cujus Patria laude sonat, 
Hospitio Celebris, doctrina clarus et 

armis ; 

Digna fuit virtus nobilitate viri. 
Omnipotens animam rapiat miseratus 

in altum 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 



181 



The White knight mm called Fitzgibbon. 

S r Thomas of Desmonds Sone, nn latelie made Earle of 

Desmonde, Capten of the Rebellion in Moun- 

ster raysed in October last. 



\ 



Dura haec exanimum marmora cor- 
pus habet ; 
Illius et gesta in pace, et quam plu- 

rima bello 
Te doceant vivi, lector amice vale. 

Obiit prsedictus Eques anno aetatis 
85, die vero mensis Januarii 15, anno 
Dni 1612. Sub hoc etiam marmore 
requiescit filius cum patre qui immatura 
morte patri praeivit iter anno setatis 43, 
die vero mensis Martii 10, anno Dni 
1 6 r 2. See Geraldine Documents in Kil. 
Jour, of Arch. 

mm Edmond FitzGibbon alias the 
White Knight, had 400 foot and 30 
horse in 1599 against the English. 
Car. Cal. He is marked ' very dan- 
gerous' in 1588. 

In 1600, Carew writes 'The White 
Knight hath sent sundry messages to 
me promising to submit and to be an 
honest man. A more faythlesse man 
never lived upon the earthe ... if 
anything do move him to keep his 
promise, it is the internal malice be- 
tween James MThomas and him, 
which is irreconciliable.' He was a 
Geraldine, a born follower of Fitz- 
Thomas Earl of Desmond, and brother 
of his wife ; and yet he betrayed him, 
and took him prisoner in Slewgrott. 
And Carew says ' I protest I do not 
know any man m Munster but himself 



by whom I might have gotten him.' 
The White Knight got ^1000 for his 
service. 

' The name of the White Knight shall cease, 

and his race ; 
His castle down fall, roof and rafter 1 ' 

Aubrey de Vere. 

In 1604, the King orders Edmund 
Fitzjohn Oge Gibbon, alias Gerald, 
called the White Knight, to be restored 
to his ancient blood, and to hold in fee- 
farm for ever of the King, Quid Castle 
Town, and Michell's Town in Cork ; 
and, as he hath good scope of land, 
... to be countenanced with the style 
of Baron of Clangibbon. Car. Cal. 

There was also FitzGibbon of the 
half barony of Kilmore, near Charle- 
ville 'David an-Chomhraic (of the 
combat) FitzGibbon, Lord of Coill-mor, 
died in 1582.' Annals. 

See more about those FitzGibbons 
in the Geraldine Documents, Kilk. Arch. 
Journal, 4th series, p. 609. 

011 ' That Archtraitor and usurping 
Earle' of Desmond, writes Carew, was 
the most mightie and potent Geraldine 
that had been of any of the Earles of 
Desmond his predecessors ; for he had 
8000 men well armed under his com- 
mand at one time.' Pac. Hib., pp. 
250, 251. See notes ( mftl ) and infra un- 
der ' the Earls.' He had a brother John ; 



- 7 



182 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Justice Gold, 00 second Justice of Mounster. 
O'Sullivan more. pp 

Also sundrie other of meaner sort, as 
Barrhies. qq Waters. 

Condorns. Flemings. 



and a cousin in the Tower who was set 
up as Elizabeth's Earl of Desmond. 

There was also a Geraldine seated at 
Prughus, between Charleville and 
Tullylease. Tribes of Ireland, p. 69. 
Also FitzGerald of Broghill ' Red- 
mund FitzGerald, Lord of Tuath-Bro- 
thaill, was executed in 1596 at Cork 
for ... insurrection.' Annals, p. 1997. 

00 James Gold, according to Chief 
Justice Saxey, 'is Second Justice of 
Munster and Recorder of Limerick ; 
he stands indicted seven times of seve- 
ral high-treasons which for several years 
have been smothered, but lately revealed 
to me by Hugh Cuffe, Esquire.' Car. 
Cal., 1597, p. 211. 

There was Philip Gold in Kinalea, 
and Piers Gold in Condon's country. 

pp See under Kerry and supra note ( f ). 

q<1 In 1585 the members for Cork 
were Norries, Cogan, and T. FitzEd- 
mond; for the city, Miagh and Sarsfield; 
for Youghal, Coppinger and J. Collen ; 
for Kinsale, Galway and Roche. In 
1652, there were in the city of Cork 38 
Goolds, 30 Roches, 22 Tyrries, 19 
Gal ways, 18 Meads, 18 Coppingers, n 
Sarsfields, n Martels, 8 Morroghs, 5 
Skiddies, 5 Ronaynes ; the others were, 
Walters, Creaghs, Meskills, Pagans, 



Lombards, Verdons, Lavallyns, Whytes, 
Hores, etc. 

Thirty-nine Gall ways, 34 Skiddies, 
30 Golds, 29 Roches, and 25 Tyrrys 
were Mayors of Cork. See List of 
Mayors in Hist, of Cork, by the Nun 
of Kenmare. 

Temp. Henry VI., the Wynchedons 
(or Nugents) were the chief family, 
their head, ' Chief of his nacion,' lived 
at Aughavarten Castle (which is now a 
fine ruin 52 feet high), near Carrigaline. 
The Goolds and Sarsfields had also 
'Captains of their nacion.' Windele's 
South of Ireland, pp. 6 and 1 96. 

The County Jury of 1576 were 
' Martell of Martellston ; Tch s - Barry of 
Donboige; Mallefunte of Courteston; 
Hoare of Money; O'Mahowny of O'Ma- 
howne's castle ; Skiddie of Frissell castle ; 
M'Owen of Drishane ; O'Herlihie of 
Ballycorny ; James Oge Rooch of 
Knyvre ; Cogan of Ballenecourtey ; 
Fynen M c Cormac of Bellem c lashy, 
gentlemen.' McCarthy Mor, p. n. 

The Jurors who acquitted W m - Mead, 
Recorder of Cork in 1603, when the 
Government wanted to find him guilty 
of High Treason: i. Richard Fitz- 
David Oge Barrie of Robertstown, Ar. 
2. Thomas Fitzjohn Gerald of Res- 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 



Meaghes. 
Skiddies." 
Barrots. 55 
Nugents." 

tellan, gent. 3. W nl - Power of Shan- 
garry, gent. 4. Gregorie Lombart of 
Bottevant, gent. $. David Nogle 
(Nagle) of Mondaumny, gent. 6. 
Myles Roche of Killeahie, gent. 7. 
Donell O'Donvaie alias O'Donvan of 
Castle Donovane, gent. 8. J. Ronane 
of Youghill, gent. 9. Nich. Galwane 
of Youghill, gent. 10. Mohenus 
M'Shehie of Killinetworragh (Kilnat- 
oora), gent. n. W m - Hadnett of 
Ballyvoady. 12. Donogh Moel (Moyle) 
M'Carthy of Fiall, gent. Meade was 
accused of refusing to recognise James 
I., and ' of levying war.' The Jurors 
who were present at the indictment of 
Meade previously were O'Solivan of 
Carrig, gentleman ; Teig M G Cormac 
Carty of Ballea; Tailor of Mallow; 
T. Gaukaghe of Ishinegreagh ; Garret 
Boy Barry of Ballyncourty ; John Barry 
alias M c Adam of Rathcormac; T. Barry 
alias M c Adam of Ballycloghie ; Edmund 
M c Shane M c Edmund of Ballynecorry ; 
Hyde of Carrigyneady ; Cahir O'Cal- 
laghan of Dromynive; W" 1 - Mallesant 
of Killeaghie (Malefont?); Bryan 
M c Owen of Cloghdoe; Redmund Mag- 
ner of Aghaddy; Teig M'Dermod 
MDonnell of Knockilly; Garret Barrie 
of Ballyregan, gentlemen.' Car. Cal., 
1603, p. 68. 
" In 1596, d. Andrew Skiddie, pos- 



Goldes. uu 
Russells. 
Galloways. 



sessed of the 'North Abbey of the Friars 
of Shandon.' Skiddy's Castle, on west 
of North Main Street, built by John 
Skiddyin 1445, was demolished in 1785. 
On a bell in Trinity Church is inscribed 
'Andrew Skiddie, Mayor R. Pen- 
nington made me in the yeare of our 
Lorde 1621.' See infra Elinor Roche, 
nee Skiddy. In 1594, R. Skyddye 
was ' Chaplain of our Ladye Chapel ; ' 
in 1536, Reen ny Skiddy was held by 
R. Skyddy, 'chief of his nacion.' 
Windele, p. 181. 

ss Barret, the 'chief of his nacion,' 
owned the strong castle of Ballincollig 
and the castles of Carrigrohan and 
Castlemore (which are now ruins). 
Wm. B. of Ballincollig, 'chief of a 
small countrye,' submitted in 1599.' 
Windele, pp. 252-6. In 1612, Andrew 
Barret was M.P. for co. Cork. In 
1588, John Fitzjames Barrett, Prior of 
St. Stephen's by Cork, to Wm. Kyent 
of Corck, Sheareman, and Honory ny 
Learie his wife, two beds of the garden 
situate in the Hard, to hold for 50 
years, at the rate of two pence yearly. 
The prior puts ' his mark.' Windele. 

tt Of Ahamartha, castle still standing, 
see note ( qq ). 

uu See note (). 

Ronayn of Ronayne's Court. A 
chimney-piece bears the inscription 



1 84 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Roches. vv 

Chief Undertakers in this Countie: 
Sir Thomas Norries xx L. President. 



'Morris Ronayn, and Margaret Gould 
builded this house in the yeare of our 
Lorde 1627, and in the 3 yeare of 
Kinge Charles, Love God and Neigh- 
bors, M.R. (I.H.S.) M.G.' 

T. Ronayne of Ronayne's Court was 
Mayor of Cork in 1630. This family 
became extinct in 1798, and the repre- 
sentative in the female line is Sarsfield 
of Ducloyne. 

In 1536, Cogan was 'Lord of the 
Manor of Bernyheylye in the counties 
of Kerry curihy.' 

vv Vide Lord Roche. The Roches 
had in 1652 two castles, 'the Golden 
Castle ' inside, and ' Short Castle ' out- 
side the walls of Cork. There is in 
Christ Church the old Roche tomb with 
the words still visible 'Jacobus Roche. 
Also a tomb of 'Morris Roche Fitz- 
James, Alderman, and his only wife, 
Elenor Roche, alias Skiddy, this being 
their last dwelling;' date 1634. 

There is an anonymous inscription 
on another tomb in Christ Church 

' God's peace bee with yow my tow 
good shisters, Ellinor and Margarite. 
A.D. 1624.' Windele, p. 56. 

A stone, which belonged probably to 
St. Peter's Church, has the initials 
I.H.S. 'circled with a glory,' and the 
inscription ' Made at Cork i anno 
dni. 1586 xxiii. June. 



name, 3LotS, 
e foitfjin mg trrtst, 
jjttf) tfjratn Botf) consist 
fHjr total anB nnlg test.' 

ww Character of certain English 
settlers. 'They are freed from three of 
the greatest dangers : first, they cannot 
meet in all that land (Ireland) any 
worsse than themselves; secondly, they 
neednot feare robbing, for, that they have 
not any thing to lose ; lastly, they are not 
likely to rune in debte, for that there is 
none will trust them.' Description of 
Ireland in 1589 by R. Payne, a Settler. 

' I have just caus to be agreavd that 
Her Majesty is abused with such under- 
takers, I associated with sutch com- 
panions, and an honourable accion 
disgraced with such lewd, indiscreet, and 
insufficient men. . . . My dislike of the 
proceedings hear hath drawn upon me 
the enmitea of Sir V. Brown, Sir E. 
Denny, and others of that sorte, that 
measure conscience by commodite, and law 
by lust.' Sir W. Herbert to Burghley 
in 1588, given in M l Car thy Mor, pp. 

Si, S 2 - 
" In June 1599, General Norreys, 

while, charging at the head of his 
cavalry, the troops of Burke of Castle- 
connell, at Kilteely, was pierced through 
helmet and brain by John Burke, a 
Connaught gentleman. On the 5th 
March 1600, Maguire, in a cavalry 



COUNTIE OF CORK. 

Hugh Cuff. 

S r Walter Raleigh. 

S r Christofor Hatton's heyre. 

S r Warrham S<- Leger's"* heyre. 

S r Ric. Greenfield's H eyres. 

The most of the Iryshe Gentlemen of this Countie are 
latelie entered in Rebellion, having the Noblemen and chief 
Captens of everie nation. The nomber of their Forces I 
know not. 

Castles" and Howses of name are many belonging to the 



skirmish, 'strake Sir Warham St. Leger 
through the brain.' 

In 1598, Spencer was burned out^of 

Kilcolman Castle, and one of his 

J children perished in the flames. In 

the following year he died in London 

'for lack of bread.' This 'gentle,' 

poet had written a work to urge the 

wholesale starvation of the Irish, and the 

burning of their homesteads and crops. 

Undertakers in Cork in 1589. 

@ id. the acre. 



Acres. 
I2OOO 

60OO 
I200O 
I2OOO 



Hugh Cuffe . 

Arthur Hyde . . , 

Phaare Beacher . 

Hugh Worthe 

Sir W. St. Leger and Sir R. 

Grynfield .... 
Arthur Robyns . . , 
George Robynson . . 
Mr. Read .... 

"See supra. The 'Sugaun' Earl 
had 8000 men well armed under his 
command. Pac. Hit,, p. 251. 



12000 
4000 
4000 
3000 



In 1599, according to Moryson, 
Edmond FitzGibbon, the 

White Knight, had . 400 f. 30 h. 
James FitzThomas, ' Earl 

of Desmond' . . 250 f. 30 h. 
The Lord of Dowallough . 200 f. 8 h, 
Barry Oge, and Lord Barry's 

brother in the Musk erye I2of. 3 h. 
Davy Burke in the Carbrye 500 f. 
O'Sulevan Beare, O'Sulevan 

More's country, and Der- 

mot M c Owen usurping the 

name of M c Carthy More 500 f. 6 h. 

The Lord President reported that 
'between March and November 1600, 
he had slain 1200 weaponed men, be- 
sides husbandmen, women, and children? 
Life of McCarthy Mor, p. 315. 

" 'There were 160 castles in Cork. 

Castles in Muskry in 1600. Blar- 
ney, Kilcrea, Mocrompy, Carrignavar. 
Castle ny Hinshy with Cormack's 
mother, Castlemore and Carrignamuk 
with Callaghan M c Teg, Carrigdrohid 

2 A 



1 86 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Noblemen and Gentlemen of the Countrie and to the under- 
takers, the chief whereof is Moyallo, latelie Builded by S r 
Thomas Norries, L. President of Mounster. 



with Sir Cormac M'Teg's widow ; 
Donogh M c Cormoc of Cloghphilip ; 
Owen Loghie M c S\vyne of MShane- 
glasse ; Brian M c Owen Loghie of 
Cloghda; O'Lery of Carrinecorragh 
and Carrigneyleghe ; Owen M c Teg 
Cartie of Carrigfalcaghe, Drissan, and 
Carrigepookie ; Finin M c Donal Oge 
Cartie of Downdererige. Septs of the 
Carties in Muskry Clan Cormac Oge, 
Slucht Decan, Slught Tuonedrum, 
Slucht Cloghroe, the Sept of Clanfad- 
daghe, Sept of Shane Killie. Septs of 
Freeholders O'Lery and O'Mahons. 
The 'followers' were Riordens, Moro- 
hoes, Clancallogans, M c Swynes. 'The 
countries' were O'Healies, O'Herlies, 
O'Long, O'Cronin ; Hegans (brehons), 
Aulyves or O'Levies (surgeons), O'Dal- 
lies (rimers), O'Donins (chroniclers). 
Car. Cat., an. 1600, p. 152. 

In Carbrie in 1599 were M c Carthy 
Reogh of Kilbrittain, etc. ; O'Mahon 
Fun (Fionn) of Evaugh; O'Driscoll 
Mor of Collymore, and O'Driscoll Oge 
of Collybeg; O'Donovan of Clancahell; 
O'Dally of Munster-Vary ; O'Crowly 
of Killshallow; O'Murrihie of Bally- 
widdan ; O'Mahon Carbery of Kinal- 
meaky (escheated). Car. CaL, year 

'599, P- 35 1 - 

O'Learys owned the castles of Dun- 
darierk, Carrigafooky, Carrignaneela, 



Drumcarra, and Carrignacurra (pos- 
sessed by Dermod Oge O'Leary in 1 588, 
and said by Smith to be 100 f. high). 
The pass of Keim-an-eigh separated the 
territory of O'Leary (Ibh-Leary) from 
O'Sullevan's lands. 

In 1600, the O'Learies, to the num- 
ber of 100, attacked the Carties of 
Carbery, and after a sharp skirmish, 
O'Lery, Head of that Sept, was slain, 
and 10 other the chiefe of his family, 
with some more of lesse note.' Pac. 
Hib., p. 171. O'Mahony"s castle and 
his lands of Kinalmeaky for several 
miles on both sides of the Bandon 
river were granted to Beecher and 
Grenville. 

The M c Swineys built Castlemore 
circa 1598. They lived at the Castle 
of Cloghda, a solid keep 40 feet high 
with projecting battlement. They 
owned also Mushanaglass, and Castle 
M c Dermod Oge. Windele. 

Castle Donovan or Sowagh, a tall 
square keep with crenellated battle- 
ments, and projecting defences at the 
angles. Donal O'Donovan of this 
place got a regrant from James I. by 
English tenure of this castle, and a 
large extent of territory. Copious 
and curious details about this O'Dono- 
van, Chief of Clancahill, are given in 
the Annals and Hy-FiacJtra. 



COUNTIE OF KERRIE. 



I8 7 



THE COUNTIE OF KERRIE. 

This Countie a properlie contayneth onlie that Land which 
Lyeth between the River of Mayne and the Sheynen, and 



* Desmond is a parcel of the countrie 
of Kerry, and is divided into three 
baronies and a half, viz., Magonny, 
luragha, Dunkerran, and the half barony 
of Glanaroghto. In the north side it 
is bounded by the river Mang, which 
doeth divide Desmond from the rest of 
Kerry. The south part doeth bound 
with certain mountains of Bear and 
Bantry, beginning from Kilmallocko- 
shista, and continuing to O'Leary and 
O'Donovan's lands in the Co. of Corke 
in the mountain of Sleughlogher, and 
are divided by the head of the rive of 
Blackwater; the rest of Desmond is 
bounded by the main ocean sea. 

The chief castles were the Palace, 
Bally Carbry and Castle Logh. Carew 
MSS., quoted in McCarthy Mor, p. 

221. 

There are in the Lambeth Library 
some maps of the baronies of Kerry 
which were made tire. 1598. In them 
the following places are marked : 

I. ' Island of Dariry (Valentia) and 
haven of Bealinche and Beginnis i. 
Slucht Cormack's land. 2. Part of 
Sluch Donnell Brick's land. 3. Part 
of Earl of Clancar's land. 



II. ' Half barony of Glaneroght 
i. MTyneen's lande. 2. PartofM'Gil- 
licuddies' land. 3. Lands of Niddin 
Clan Tiege Kittagh. 4. Clandermot's 
land. 5. A quarter of the Bishop of 
Cork's land. 6. A Sept of the O'Sule 
van Beare. 7. Another Sept of the 
O'Sullivan's. 8. O'Griffin's lande and 
part of the Prior of Inisfallen's land. 
9. Philip O'Sullivan's land. 10. 
MTineen Duff's land. 

III. 'Barony of Iveragh i. O'Sul- 
livan Mor's lande. 2. Slught Donell 
Brick's land. 3. Slught nyne Rud- 
derie's lande. 4. Part of McCarthy's 
lande in Donell McCarthy's possession, 
tj< Priory of Ballinskelligs. 5. Lands 
of Ballycarbery, in Brown's possession. 
6. Clan Crohan's lande. 7. Slught 
Cormac of Dunguile's lande. 8. Slught 
Owen Mor of Coshmang"s land. 9. 
Clandonell Fin's land, and part of Earl 
of Clancarthy's land, in Donnell MCar- 
thy's possession. 10. Lands of Bally- 
carbery, in Denny's possession. 

IV. ' Barony of Magonihy i. Glan- 
fleske or O'Donoghoe Glan's lande. 2. 
Onaght or O'Donoghoe Mdr's, and 
Slught Owen Mor's lande, now Browne's 



i88 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



includeth the most part of the mountaine of Shewroyher, 
which mountaine being the most Easterlie part of this Countie, 
boundeth it upon the Counties of Limerick and Corke to the 
East, upon the Sheynen to the North, upon the Sea to the West, 
and the River of Mayne to the South. 



seignory lande. 3. Kilegy, part of the 
Earl's lande, now in Donal McCarthy's 
possession. 4. Castle Lough, part of the 
Earl's lande. 5. Part of M c Fineen's 
land. 6. SlughtFineen Duffe's lande. 7. 
Slught Murry's (Moriarty's) land. 8. 
Slught Cormock of Dunguile's land. 
9. Clandonnell Fin's lande. 10. Part 
ofMCrohan's lande. n. Killorgan 
and other landes of Conways. 12. The 
Knight of Kerry's lands. 13. Lands 
of the Abbey of Killaha. 

V. 'Barony of Dunkerron i. M c Gil- 
licuddy's land. 2. MTineeh's land. 
3. The Priory of Aharaon's land. 4. 
O'Sullivan Mor's lande. 5. Slught Cor- 
mock of Dunguile's land (McCarthy's). 
6. Part of the Earl of Clancor's land, 
in his wife's possession.' Miss Hick- 
son's Kerry Records, p. 254, and series. 

O'Donochoe More's countrey of 45 
ploughlands is now in M'Carthy More's 
hands. The Lord of Cosmaigne's 
countrey of 84 ploughlands in his hands 
also. The Lord of Kerslawny's coun- 
trey, otherwise called Slight Cormak, 
conteyneth 35 ploughlands, whereof 
some are in the He of Valentia. 
M c Carthy Mor claymeth there the 
geaving of the Rodd, Risinge out, the 
findinge of 40 Galleyglas, and to the 



value of ^40 stg. a yeare in spendinge. 

The countrey of [Mac] Gelecudde" 
contayneth 46 ploughlands. He claym- 
eth there Risinge out, the gevinge of the 
Rodde, the findinge of 30 Galleyglas, 
Risinge out and to the value 20 a. 
yeare in spendinge. 

Mac Fynin's countrey in Glenaraught 
contayneth 28 ploughlands. M'Carthy 
Mor claymeth the givinge of the Rodd, 
the findinge of 15 Galleyglas, Risinge 
out, and to the value of ^24 yearly in 
spendinge. 

The countrey of Clandonoroe con- 
tayneth 24 ploughlands. M'Carthy 
More claymeth theare risinge out, and 
it is in the Erie's hands by Her M K 
Gyfte. 

The eleventh is the countrey of 
O'Donocho Glan (O'Donoghue of 
Glenflesk in Kerry). He hath there 
no other dutie but onlly six and fortie 
shillings fourpence of yearlie Rent. 
The countrey conteyneth 20 plough- 
lands. 

The twelfth is the countrey of Clan 
Dermonde. It conteyneth 28 plough- 
lands. He claymeth Risinge out, the 
keepinge of 16 Galleyglas, and in yearly 
spendinge to the value of ^40. 

'The countrey of Loughlegh or 



COUNTIE OF KERRIE. 



189 



Principall Ardfert. 
Townes Dingley, b a walled Towne. 

Traley. 
Castlef Hand belonging to S r Will" 1 ' Harbert. 

Castle mayne to the Quene. 

Carrigfoyle c to John O'Connor. 



Teignitowin contains 32 ploughlands. 
M c Carthy Mor claymeth it to be ex- 
cheated to him for want of heirs right 
and legitimate. McCarthy Mor, p. 32. 

b ' The chief towne in all that part of 
Ireland. It consisteth of one main 
street, hath gates, as it seemeth at ether 
end to open and shut as a town of war, 
and a castle also. The houses are very 
strong built, with strong thick walls and 
narrow windows, and like unto castles j 
and all the houses in the town were 
burned and ruined by the Earl of Des- 
mond . . . There remaineth yet a 
thick stone wall, that passeth overthwart 
the middle of the street, which was a 
part of their fortification ... we had 
good muttons, though less than ours in 
England, for 2 shillings or 5 groats a 
piece ; good pigs and hens for 3 pence 
a piece. We were entertained at the 
Sovereign's house, one of the four that 
withstood the Earl of Desmond.' 
English Narrative written arc. 1598, 
given at p. 235 of Hist, of Kerry, by the 
Nun of Kenmare. 

Concerning Dingle, Hakluyt's Chro- 
nicle, edited in 1599, says 'That part 
is full of great mountaines and hills from 
whence came running down the pleasant 



streams. The natural hardness of that 
nacion appeareth in this, that their 
small children runne usually in the win- 
ter up and down barefootte and bare- 
legged with many a times only a mantle 
to cover them. The chiefe officer of 
the town they call their Souvereyne. 
In 1585 it got the same privileges as 
Drogheda. In 1592 R. Traunt was 
Sovereign of Dingle, the other gentle 
men in or near it were Stephen Rice, 
Conway N. Browne, Pattinson (agent to 
Denny), Gerot Duff Stack, N. Traunt, 
and O'Sulevan Beare. 

Dingle belonged to Knight of Kerry. 
He was beaten by Wilmot at Ballina- 
howe (a place belonging to Edmund 
Hussey), and he lost Dingle and the 
Castles of Gregorie and Rahinane. 

Trant and Hussey were members for 
Dingle in 1613, and the Trants, Rices, 
and Husseys monopolised the repre- 
sentation till 1641. Miss Hickson, 
p. 158. 

There were 12 or 13 castles in the 
one small barony of Carcaguiny, and 
there must have been much more than 
30 in all Kerry; perhaps there were 90. 
A writer in the Kilk. Jour, of Arch. 

c ' Carrigafoyle, chief seat of John 



igo 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Lixnaw d to the L: thereof. 
Tarbert to the Quene. 
Ardfert d to the L: of Lixnaw. 
Traley to S r Edward Denny' in the court of 
Ingland. 4 



O'Connor Kerry, who owned also the 
Castle of Ardee.' Smith's Kerry. 

This was John na-Cathac (or of the 
conflicts), son of Conor O'Connor and 
Honoria, a dau. of the 2 d Earl of Tho- 
mond. He d. in 1640, leaving no sur- 
viving male issue by his wife, a dau. of 
O'Sullevan Mor ; his sister Ellen mar. 
FitzMaurice of Ballykiely; his daughters 
mar. the Knight of Glynn, Oliver Dela- 
hoyde, and Ulick Roche. Hist, of 
Kerry, by Nun of Kenmare, p. vii. 

However, Fineen McCarthy Mor 
repeatedly calls O'Connor his nephew. 
Carrigafoyle was the 'strongest castle in 
all Kerry.' Car. C<z/.,p.4i2, year 1600. 

d ' Also Listo wel. Ballykeely belonged 
to James FitzMaurice, Castle Drum to 
Moriarty, Dunkerron to O'Sullivan 
Mor, Dunloe to Daniel O'Sullevan, 
Dingle to Hussey, Gallerus to the 
Knight of Kerry, Cahir Trant to Trant.' 
Smith's Kerry. 

' The O'Connells were Constables of 
the Castle of Ballycarbrey, near Cahir- 
civeen, for MCarthy Mor. Richard 
O'Connell, ancestor of "the Liberator," 
fought against the Earl of Desmond, 
surrendered his estates, and obtained a 
regrant of his lands. He mar. a dau. 
of M c Carthy of Carrignamult, in Co. of 



Cork ; his son Maurice was High Sheriff 
of Kerry.' The Nun of Kenmare, p. x. 
e Ned Denny, as Lord Grey calls him 
in his despatch, distinguished himself at 
the head of his company at Fort del- 
Ore, in Nov. 1580. In the Sep r - of 
that year he wrote, ' The service here in 
boggs, glumes, and woods might better 
fit mastives than brave gentlemen that 
desire to win honour.' Yet he got the 
honour of Knighthood at Fort del-Ore, 
and a claim on the Desmond estates. 
His epitaph is in Waltham Abbey 'He 
took his deadly sicknesse in the service of , 
his countrie, and died the i3th of Feb. 
1599." p. 141 of Kerry Records . 
f See infra, the 'Peers 'and 'Bishops.' 
A map of Munster in 1608, dedicated 
to Cecil, has appended to it 'Lists of 
men of note : MFineen at Ardtully, 
M'Eligot at Ballymac Eligot, John 
M c Ulick at Castle of O'Brenan, M c Shane 
at Mornigane, Donel MFun at Tybrid, 
MacGellecudde at Boddesmeen, Donell 
M c Moriertagh at Castle Drym, M c Tir- 
logh at Balingown, M c Gray at Tarmin 
M c Gray, Fitzjohn de Lickfournea, 
FitzMoris at Lixnaw, Brown at Brown- 
ogh, Herbert at Clonnmillane, Hussaye 
at Castle Gregorie, Trant at Caer Trant, 
Thomas Oge at Ardnagragh, Gray of 



COUNTIE OF KERRIE. 



Principall The Baron of Lixnaw f commonlie called the 
Men L: Fitzmorrice, his name is Patrick Fitz- 

gerrald, his chief Hous Lixnaw. 
The Bishop of Ardfert/ 
Fitzgerrald s Knight of Kerrie. 



Liscahane, Raymond Oge.' Kerry 
Records, p. 281, ist series. 

The English descent in Kerry, given 
by Carew : ' Lixnaw, Knight of Kerry, 
Bishop of Ardfert; Hussey, Chief of his 
name; Hores, Rices, Browne, John Oge 
of the Island and his sept ; M c Henrys. 
Mere Irish : Moriertaghs, O'Conor 
Kerrie, MacHeligots.' 

In 1592, in the 'barony and half ba- 
rony of Clanmorris lived Pa. Lyksnaw, 
and John X Piers (his mark) ; in the three 
baronies of Trughnacmye, Brownlon- 
clone, and OfFerbuye, and the barony 
of Corcaguinny, were Rich. Trantte 
("suffram" of Dinglecouishe), John 
FitzEdward Gerald, M. Brown, Stephen 
Ryce, Gerald FitzMorish, R. Pattinson 
(agent for Denny), J. Traunt, Jenkyn 
Conway,Gerott Duff Stack, T. X M c Ed- 
mond(mark), J. MThomas M c X Shane 
(mark), Moris M c X Ulick (mark), John 
X M c Ulick (mark), R. Trauntt, M. 
Traunt, John Morish, Nich. Brown, 
Owen O'Suilevan X a/ias O'Suilevan 
Beery (his mark), Dermod X O'Swile- 
van (his mark).' Car. Cal., year 1592. 

e William FitzGerald, gth Knight of 
Kerry, living in 1599, was of Rathannan 
and Inismore ; had married a lady, of 
the family of Tobyn, who was widow of 



Morogh M c Shee. He was son of John 
the 8th Knight, and of Shela, dau. of 
O'Suilevan More. His brothers were 
Maurice, Patrick, Gerald, of whom 
Maurice was in the service of Spain in 
1605. His sisters' husbands were 
FitzGerald Oge of Kilmacow, and Teig 
O'Driscoll. From him is descended the 
Knight of Kerry, qui nunc est.' Geral- 
dine Documents in the Kil. Jour, of Arch.; 
and Pedigree in the Records of Kerry. 

' The Lord FitzMaurice hath some 
200 foot. TheKnightofKerryhath3oo, 
and a dozen horsemen on a sudden, and 
100 foot more on 3 or 4 days' warninge. 
He is my cousene, . . . but the hard 
usage of my nephew, O'Conor of Kerry, 
doth make a great number loathe to be 
persuaded by me.' Flor. McCarthy 
Mor ; see his Life, p. 291. 

In 1600, Wilmot, Governor of Kerry, 
being conducted to the Quarter of the 
Knight of Kerry in the night, killed 
40 of his men, took 500 cowes, 200 
garrans, two moneths' provisions of 
meale and butter for his soldiers. 
Thereby being disfurnished of all his 
provision for his followers, he submitted ; 
Thomas Oge, of the Island, and Donal, 
son of O'Suilevan Mor, followed his 
example. Pac. Hib., 652. 



192 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Traunts h of the Dingle. 

Nic: Browne. 1 

James oge Perce. k 

The Stackes, 1 a great name. 



h The members for the borough of 
Dingle in 1613 were Thomas Trant 
and Michael Hussey. See supra about 
the Trants. 'One Traunt of the 
Dingle went to Spain with O'Sullivan 
Beare's son after the battle of Kinsale.' 
Pac. Hib. 

The Rices were a distinguished 
Dingle family. About 20 of them for- 
feited in 1641, in the barony of Cor- 
caguiny. Piers Rice of Dingle owned 
' a perty castle '-in 1580 ; Dominick R. 
of Dingle d. in 1592, and his son had 
livery of his estates in 1603. Stephen 
R. of Ballinruddel was with Daniel 
O'Sullevan of Dunlogh, M.P. for 
Kerry in 1613. His broken grave is 
in Dingle churchyard, with the inscrip- 
tion (now fast becoming illegible) 
' Stephen Rice, Esquire, lies here, 

Late Knight of Parliamente ; 
A happie life for fourscore yeare 

Full virtuously he spente. 
His loyal wife, Helena Trante, 

Who died five years before, 
Lies here also Lord Jesus grante 
Them life for evermore. 
MDCXXII.' 

The Nun of Kenmare' s Kerry, p. xxiii. 
Also, there were men of note, named 
'TheFerritorand Rubbers.' Car. Cal., 
1603, p. 452. 

In Ballyoughtra churchyard there is 
a tombstone with the inscription 



'I.H.S. Nagle. P" L nt Terry 1551. 
A" L" Ferriter 1642. . . . Pray for us.' 
Kerry Records, ist sen, p. 259. 

In 1641 Lady Kerry wrote ' To my 
very loveing friend, Mr. Piers Ferriter, 
at Ferriter's towne,' asking him to leave 
' Florence M c Fineen and the rest of 
that rebellious crue.' Nun of Kenmare, 
p. 246. This Piers wrote an Irish 
Coaine on the Knight of Kerry, which 
has been translated by Crofton Croker. 

1 Sir Nicholas Browne, ' of Molahaff,' 
ancestor of the Earl of Kenmare, son 
of Sir V. Browne, and Thomasine, dau. 
of Sir N. Bacon, Keeper of the Great 
Seal. He mar. a dau. of O'Sullevan 
Beare; he d. in 1616. See a great 
deal about him in Life of McCarthy 
Mor. Sir Nicholas' daughters mar. 
two sons of O'Sullevan Mor. Nun of 
Kenmare. 

k In the articles between the Govern- 
ment Commissioners and the Lord 
Fitz Morish, and the gentlemen of the 
country of Clanmorris in 1592, the 
only names are ' Pa. Lyksnawe ' (Lord 
of Kerry) and 'John X Oge Piers' (his 
mark). I presume James was his 
brother, and that they were Fitz 
Maurices. Car. Cal., p. 67. 

1 ' Nations chiefly noted as procurers 
of mischief in Kerry and Desmond : 



COUNTIE OF KERRIE. 



193 



Mr. Conway." 



McKelgot." 



The Clantey MGagh and the Stacks, 
saving Morrice Stack and his brothers. 
Meet instruments to be employed in 
Kerry Morrice Stack and his brothers, 
John Rice, Donal Faries, R. Rice. 
Car. Cal., 1596, p. 203. 

In 1603, ' M c Morris himself, Gerrott 
Roe Stacke, Donal O'Swillivan More, 
Hussey the Scholar,' were blockaded in 
the castle of Ballingarry in Clanmorris. 

' Maurice Stack, a man of small 
stature but invincible courage, with 50 
men, surprised by scale the castle of 
Liscaghan, put the ward to the sword, 
burnt Ardare and other towns. Before 
this none of her Majesty's forces had 
been seen in Kerne. The country 
was strong in men, and full of victuals, 
yet this undaunted spirit of Stack (a 
native of that countrey), with a hand- 
ful of men attempted the enterprize.' 

Maurice was invited to dine by Lady 
Lixnaw in her husband's castle of Beau- 
liew, at which time her brother, Donal 
O'Brien, brother of the Earle of Tho- 
mond, was with her. The young lady 
cried out unto Dermond Keugh M c Cor- 
man, W m - O'donichan, and Edmund 
O'heher 'Doe you not heare him 
misuse me in words?' Whereupon 
they with their skenes murdered him. 
Pac. Hib., pp. 121, 122, 143, 144. 

m See in the Kerry Records some 
details about the Conways. Browne 
and Denny and Herbert, and these six 
gentlemen were adventurers or under- 



takers. Sir W" 1 - Herbert speaks of his 
fellow-undertakers in no complimentary 
terms as 'men who measure con- 
science by commoditie and law by lust.' 

Undertakers in 1589 in Kerry and 
Desmond, @ ?>d. per acre. 

Acres. People. Rent. 

Sir Valentine Brown 6000 20 ;ioo 
Sir Edwd. Denny . 6000 ,, 100 
Sir William Herbert 

and Sir Charles 

Herbert . . 18,000 300 

" M c Eligott or M c Gillicuddy. In the 
parish of Ballymac Elligot there were 
three castles of the M c Elligotts Carrig- 
nafeela, Arabella, and Bernagrillagh. 
In 1613 the lands of Ulick M c Eligott 
attainted were given to Sir T. Roper. 
A Colonel Roger M c Elligott com- 
manded a Kerry regiment in England 
under James II. Nun of Kenmare and 
U Alton's Army List. 

There was also a ' M c Gillicuddy, 
Lord of the Reeks.' Donogh M c Der- 
mot O'Sulevan, alias M c Gillycuddy of 
Bodevysmine was slain in the Desmond 
wars ; his territory was granted to Ed- 
mund Barret in 1595, who conveyed 
them to Edward Hussey; and in 1598 
Hussey conveyed them to ' Donogh 
M c Dermody, alias M c Gillycuddy of 
Bodenesmeen. Donogh had a son 
Conor of Castlecurrig, who mar. a dau. 
of John Crosby (alias M c Crossan), 
Protestant Bishop of Ardfert. Conor 
had for his second wife a dau. of Daniel 

2 B 



194 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Mr. Grey. 
Mr. Spring. 
John Burtall. 
John Middelton. 



Oconnor Kerrie. 

and many other meane 
Freeholders. 



Oge Carty of Dunguile ; in 1630 he d. 
by shipwreck. Mac Gillicuddy Papers, 
p. xviii. 

There were also Thomas Oge of 
Ardnagreagh, Hussey of Ballynahowe, 
Owen M c Moriarty of Skeart, M c Brien 
of Tralee, Fitzjohn of Ballykely. See 
supra, p. 157. 

Over a niche in Muckross Abbey is 
inscribed on a slab ' Orate pro Donaldo 
MacFinin, et Elizabetha Stephens, O. 
An 1631. Q.S.H.F.F.' Windele, p. 

434- 

See in the Historia Catholica of 
O'Sullevan Beare an account of the 
sufferings and heroism of O'Connor 
Kerry in his march from Munster into 
O'Rorke's country. The Annals, p. 
2095, say that 'in August 1599 was 
slain the son of Conor Ciarraighe 
(Donagh-Maol, son of Conor, son of 
Conor, son of John) by a party of the 
soldiers of the Earl of Desmond, 
namely, by the sons of Manus Oge 
M'Sheehy. This was a great loss, for 
O'Conor himself (i.e. John) was his 
ally in war, as was his brother, this 
Donogh, and all who were in their 
territory.' 

There was also Hore of Castle- 
gregory, in the 'barony of Corcaguiny ; 
he was lampooned by Aenghus O'Daly. 



In 1612 the collectors in the baronies 
for the building of Tralee were V. 
Browne for Magonihies, Hardinge for 
Iveragh, John O'Conor of Eraght, 
Croneen for Clanmaurice, Bowdler for 
Trughenackmie, M c Finnan for Glen- 
erought, Daniel O'Sullivan for Dun- 
kernan, W 01 - FitzGerald for Corcaguiny 
or Letterogh. 

Jurors at Tralee in 1622 M c Don- 
nell of Castle Dunn, Coursey of Bally- 
ronan, Roche of Lachabane, Offaly of 
Lisnagoun, O'Callaghan of Bally vidane, 
Morris of Urly, Garret Oge Brennagh 
of Ardfert, Owen Oge Carthy of Drom- 
keare, Moore of Cauncaum, Trante of 
Dingly Coist, M c Cormac of Litter, 
M c Crohan, Fitzjames of Litters, 
M c Owen of Ballingamboon, Mac An- 
drew of Ardfert, M c Donogh Cullen of 
Ballybristine. Nun of Kenmare, pp. 

239, 243- 

Though mentioned only under Cork 
in our MS., the chief men in Kerry 
were M c CarthyMdrand O'Sullevan Mdr. 

An inscription carved on a chimney- 
piece preserved in a house attached to 
Dunkerron Castle in Kerry runs thus 
'IHS. Maria Deo Gratias. This 
work was made the nth of April 1596, 
by Owen O'Sulivan More, Sily Ny 
Donogh Mac Carthy Rieogh.' 



COUNTIE OF KERRIE. 



195 



This Countie is in a manner all out in Rebellion, the Inglyshe /i 
almost being expelled ; their nomber is about 300 men. 

This Countie was a Countie Palatyne to the Earle of Des- 
mond, and in that tyme no small hinderance to the Govern- 
ment of Mounster, by reason the Liberties and Royalties thereof 
falling to a man of small discretion caused him to be insolent 
above measure, forbidding the L: President and Councill of the 
province to have any dealings within this Jurisdiction, and this 
was the verie ground and caus of his rebellion and utter over- 
throw which evidentlie teacheth what may ensue when 
Princes do bestow places of Justice (as Justiceships or Sherrif- 
ships) or great priviledges upon any man for himself and his 
posteritie, Seeing no man can assure that his Posteritie shall 
be capable thereof. 



There also are graceful figures sup- 
posed to be likenesses of O'S. and his 
lady in ' mere Irish ' costume. The 
lady is dressed in a long close-fitting 
gown, which covers the feet, and her 
headdress is something 'stunning.' 
Mr. Dunoyer in Kilk. Jour, of Arch., 
March 1859, p. 291. 

O'S. Mdr lived at Dunkerron Castle, 
acknowledged the suzerainty of Mac 
Carthy Mdr, was his hereditary Mar- 
shal, and ruled over 960 square miles of 
territory. The lesser septs, who owed 
fealty to O'S. Mdr, were the O'S. of 
Beara, Bantry, Cappanacuss, Ardea, 
Tomies, and the Mac Gillicuddy of the 
Reeks. Their castles of Carriganass, 
Dunboy, Reendeshart, Ardea, Dun- 



kerron, Cappanacuss, and Dunloe, are 
in more or less preservation, and attest 
the power of a race whose boast is 
conveyed in these lines 

' Nulla manus tarn liberalis 
Et generalis atque univeirsalis 
Quam Sullevanus.' 

Kills. J. of Arch., March 1859. 
Owen of Dunkerron had four 
brothers Dermod, m. to a dau. of 
Owen M c Carthy Reagh ; Boghe, m. to 
a d r - of O'Donovan ; Conor, m. to a 
d. of the Knight of Glynn ; Donal, 
m. to a d. of O'Leary (widow of Mac 
Gillicuddy). He had two sisters m. to 
O'Sullevan Beare and the Knight of 
Kerry. Owen's son, Donal, mar. I st a 
d. of the White Knight, and 2 d a d. of 
Lord Kerry. 



196 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



THE COUNTIE OF LIMERICK. 

This Countie contayneth all the Lands from the mountaine 
nere to the red Shard a joining to the Countie of Corke, to the 
Sheynen as well above Limerick as beneath in manner as far as 
Carrigfoyle, and from Slewlogher, a the mountaine that devideth 
it from Kerry, to the farthest part of M c Bryan O'Gonogher's 
Countrie : So hath it Tipperarie to the East, Slewlogher to the 
West, the Countie of Corke to the South, and the Sheynen to 
the North. 

Limerick b a fayre Walled Cittie upon Sheynen. 



a Redsherd . . . the farthest part of 
Mac Bryan Ogannogh's cuntry, and 
comprehendeth in yt Glanwillim, 
Canolokerry alias the Knight of the 
Vallyes cuntry, and Cosmoy. Dym- 
moJc. 

Limericke hath in it the Knight of 
the Valley, William Burcke, Mac-Ibrine 
Ara, part of the White Knight's lands, 
Cosmay, O'Erenes, and upon the edge of 
Kerry the greene Knight, alias the 
Knight of Kerry. It hathe Kilmallocke, 
lately sacked by James FitzMaurice, and 
Limericum coasting on the sea, hard 
upon the river Shannon, whereby are 
most notably severed Mounster and 
Connaght. Campion, pp. 3, 4. 

There is two very rich countries called 
Kennory and Conelogh, both within 
the Co. of Lemericke,and they are called 
the Gardenes of the lande, for the va- 
riety and great plenty of all graine and 



fruites; and also there is more plenty 
of venison, fish, and foule than else- 
where in Ireland, altho in everie place 
there is great store. This land belonged 
some time to the Knight of the Valley, 
who for high treason was executed in 
Lemerick.' Payne's Description of Ire- 
land in 1589. 

Ireland beares good come of all sortes, 
in particular the county of Limerick. 
Dynely's Tour. 

b See a map of it in the Pacata Hi- 
bernia. 'We passed by Kilmalocke, a 
good corporate town, over a sweet and fer- 
tile cuntry, unto the city of Limerick, 
which is indeed a town of castles, com- 
passed with the fairest wall that ever I 
saw, under which runs the goodly river 
of the Shannon, which makes it a haven 
for ships of good burden. Though it 
stands above three score miles from the 
sea, yet such is the sloth of the inhabi- 



COUNTIE OF LIMERICK. 



197 



Principall Killmallock, c a Walled inland Towne. 

Townes. Adare, d \ ^ 

D , i, >markett lownes. 
Rakeall, ) 



tants, that all these fair structures have 
nothing but sluttishness and poverty 
within.' Sir J. Davis, see p. 469 Cal. 
S. P., 1606. 

' The building of Limericke is sump- 
tuous and substantial.' Stanihurst, p. 

25- 

The Privy Council wrote to Carew in 
1600 -'We perceive by the Lord De- 
puty's writing, and your own opinion, 
how necessary it is to bridle the inso- 
lence of the town of Limerick.' Car. 
Cal., pp. 384 and 403. 'It was kept in 
check by the Castle in 1603; its people 
rescued, in 1604, a priest who had 
been arrested by warrant of the Lord 
President of Munster; 200 and more 
of the burgesses were indicted in 
1606 for not coming to church.' Car. 
Cal. 

The Mayor in 1598 was James Cron- 
well. David Cronwell was Bailiff in 
1561, and George Cromwell in 1 5 74, and 
James Cromwell in 1586. The Bailiffs 
in 1598 were Roche and Bourke. In 
1597 Fitzjordan Roche was Mayor,and 
men of that name were Mayors in 1499, 
and often after. Stephen Roche was 
Mayor in 1601, and Philip R. in 1602. 
Among the mayors and bailiffs from 
1588 to 1608 were Galway, Roche, 
Creagh, W. Rice, Woulf, Bourke, 
Stackpol, Stretch, Fox, Arthur, White, 
Comyn of Parke, Fanning, Waters, 



Sexten, Myeagh, and Hally. The Mem- 
bers for thecity were, in 1 585, Arthur and 
White ; in 1613, White and Counsellor 
James Galway. In 1594, 'a hundred 
tall men were sent to ye north, under the 
leadinge of David Woulfe, capte.' 
Lenihan, pp. 700 and 741. 

'I saw in a Grammerschoole in Lime- 
rick one hundred and threescore schol- 
lers, most of them speaking good and 
perfit English, for that they have used 
to conster the Latin into English.' 
Payne's Description, p. 3. 

Formerly the seat of the Earls of 
Desmond. The Members for this 
borough were, in 1585, T. Verdon and 
Hurley; in 1613, H. Verdon and P. 
Kearney. The churches contain sculp- 
tured monuments of the Geraldines, 
Verdons, and Halys ; and tombstones 
of the White Knights and the Bur- 
gatts. 

The houses, built of hewn stone, 
were three stories high, and ornamented 
with embattlements, and tasteful stone 
mouldings. Parl. Gazetteer. 

"In 1599 it was a town of the Earl 
of Kildare's, ' in the midst of bogs and 
woods.' Essex had to rebuke his sol- 
diers for ' going so coldly on ' against 
Desmond's men at Adare. Car. Cal., 
304. For six days Desmond skirmished 
with Essex's army, and ' cut off great 
numbers of his men.' 



198 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Arny. e Carrigmlyhe. 

Crome. f Loughyn. k 

Askton, g belonging to Capt. Barclay. 
Carrigigonell, h to Bryan Duff. h 



'Perhaps Ovvney, now Abington. 
There are here monuments to Sir E. 
Walshe, who d. in 1618; to O'Ryan, 
who d. in 1632 ; and to Barry, who d. 
in 1633. 

'Belonged to Earl of Kildare. It 
was held in 1600 by Piers Lacy, and 
'gave great annoyance to the subject 
being seated at the entry into Conne- 
logh.' It was taken by Carew in 1600. 
Car. Cal. 

s Anciently chief house of the Earls of 
Desmond. Its castle was pressed by 
the Irish in 1599, but was, with the loss 
of many men, revictualled by Essex. 
Car. Cal., pp. 304, 305. 

See a map or sketch of this castle in 
the Pacala Hibernia. 

h Carrigogunnell, now one of the lar- 
gest and most romantic ruins of its class. 
The Harleian MSS. contain a pedigree 
of ' Brian DuffO'Brien, of Carrigconnell,' 
who was living in 1615. His cousin, 
Morough O'Brien, 'the most renowned 
and noble of the heirs of Carrig OgCon- 
nell and Aherlagh,' was slain by the 
English in 1577. See Annals, 1577. 

' Perhaps Cahirconlish, which be- 
longed to the Burkes of Brittas. 

k It may be Loughgur, or Glyn, which 
is in Irish Clochgkanna. The An- 
nals tell how, 'In July, 1600, the Presi- 



dent and the Earl of Thomond set out 
from Limerick. The castle at which 
this great host gathered was one of the 
castles of the Knight of Glyn ; it is situ- 
ated in Glean-Corbraighe, from which 
it received the name of Cloch-Gleanna, 
and the Knight the appellation of 
' Ridire-an-Ghkanna! . . . They re- 
duced it in two days, and slew a score 
or two of the Knight's people, together 
with some women and children. Some 
of the President's and Earl's men were 
also slain by the warders. In 1 60 1 the 
Knight of Glin(Edmond, son of Thomas) 
was with O'Donnell in his famous march 
to Kinsale. Annals, pp. 2175, 2275. 

See a map of the castle of Glyn in 
the Pacata Hibernia. Of Loughgur 
Carew says, ' I marched to Bruff, a 
castle held since the war by the traitor, 
Piers Lacy, to annoy the passage be- 
tween Kilmallock and Lymerick. Find- 
ing it of good strength, and accommo- 
dated to annoy the traitors in the castle 
of Logherr, I placed a ward in it. Owen 
Groom, a stranger of the north, to whose 
charge Desmond had referred the castle 
of Loughgerr, at the approach of our 
army, delivered it to Ulick Browne, a 
freeholder of the country. The castles 
of Loughgerr and Bruff, thus possessed, 
give better liberty to the cattle of Kil- 



COUNTIE OF LIMERICK. 



199 



Principall 
Castles, 



Shenet.' 

Castle connell 1 " to the L: Burke. 
Newcastle" to Jordan Roche. 
Ballynitie. 

Robertstoune p to S r Edward Fitton. 
and divers others belonging to the undertakers, 
which were Howses belonging to the Earle of 
Desmond and his followers. 
Chief Men. The Bishop q of Limerick. 

The L: Burk" of Castle connell. 
Richard Burke r of Castletowne. 
Burk of Carrig.' 



mallock (which is the greatest prey 
pertaining to any town in Ireland) to 
graze abroad.' 

1 As the Earls of Kildare took their 
war-cry from the castle of Crom, viz., 
Crom-abu, so the Desmonds took theirs 
from Shanid Castle, viz., Shanid-abu. 
The hill of Shanid is still crowned with 
a Cyclopean fort, and with the ruins of 
Shanid Castle. Parl. Gazetteer. 

m Hibernice, Caislean-ui-Conaitig. 

n It had belonged to the Desmonds. 
Jordan FitzGerald Roche was Mayor 
of Limerick in 1580 and 1588. 

It belonged to the O'Briens. 

p Ballyrobert Castle belonged to the 
M c Clanchys. From 1593 to 1600, the 
castle and lands of Rathmore were held 
from Maurice Shighane by James Oge 
Leo, who joined the rebels. Car. Cal., 

P- 449- 

The castle of Ballycalhane was the 
chief residence of the Pursells of Kenry. 



Ballyalinan Castle belonged to 
M c Sheehy, . Chief Constable of the 
Geraldines, who d. in 1601 ; the castle 
of Lisnacullen belonged also to his 
sept. 

q Vide infra ' Peers and Bishops.' 

'The following Limerick Burkes 
flourished about this time : Richard 
Burke FitzRichard of Cahirconlish 
Castle; John B. FitzRichard of Brittas 
Castle ; his mother was Onore ni Mul- 
rian; his wife" a dau. of Sir G. Thornton; 
his brothers, Theobald and William, 
lived at Cahirconlish. Oliver Burke of 
Kilpeacon Castle d. in 1592, leaving a 
son, David FitzOliver B. Richard B. 
lived in Lismolane. Limerick Inqui- 
sitions in Royal Irish Academy. There 
was also a Richard Oge B. of Drumkeen, 
who d. in 1596, and is ancestor to Lord 
Downes and Hussey Burgh. 

The Lambeth Carew MSS., No. 635, 
give in 1 5 7 o Sir William and Sir Richard 



2OO 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Lacie of B. s 

Lacie 5 of Ballingorie. 

Lacie 5 of the 



Burghe, Lo. of Clanwilliam; Burke of 
Limerick; Lord Burgh of Castleconnell. 
John Burke of Brittas was ' pietate, 
et aliarum virtutum ornamento non ob- 
scurus, sacerdotum patronus clarissimus. ' 
O 1 Siillevan. ' He was of good strength, 
both in castles and followers.' Car. 
Cal., 1600, p. 400. 

He was hanged in 1607 for 'rebel- 
lion,' i.e., for hearing Mass and wishing 
to keep a priest in his house. While 
in Dublin he had given the greatest 
edification to his keepers by his spirit 
of prayer and mortification. ' Vir pien- 
tissimus.' Fr. Holiwood, in a 'letter 
dated Nov. 27, 1606. 

5 Bruffe and Bruree, Ballinagarde and 
Ballingarry. The De Lacies were a race 
of warriors. I find in the Inquisitions 
Piers L. of the castles of Bruffe and Derry- 
clogh, half-brother of Burke of Brittas, 
at Adare entered into rebellion in 
1578, and was slain in 1601, July the 
23rd. His mother was Honore Ni 
Mulrian ; Eddie Lacie of Bruree 
claimed to be his heir. Also there 
were Eddie FitzWalter L. of Ballina- 
garde, and David L. of Goreston. 

The Gentry and Freeholders of Owney 
in 1570 were Wm. Leashe of the 
Browfe, and his young son, William ; 
David Leashe, Alleshaighe ; James 
Fitzmaurice Leashe of the Clewhir. 

The Gentry and freeholders of Con- 



Lacye of the Browery, 
Piers Purcell of the Croagh, John Lacy 
of Ballingarry, Wm. Lacy of Ballin- 
deryhly, the Walls and others. Lam- 
beth MSS. 

At this time (1597) Davie Lacie, with 
his brotheren, Pierce, Ulick, and William, 
played the rebels, being once pardoned. 
Davie was after killed in service ; Pierce 
was hanged at Limerick ; Ulick and 
William were hanged at Kilkenny. 
McCarthy M6r, p. 148. 

In 1601 was slain in battle near 
Armagh, Piers Lacy (Hibernice Piers 
Oge Dole's), Lord of Bruff, 'equally 
illustrious,' says Mageoghegan, ' for his 
virtueas forhis birth, and one of the most 
zealous defenders of Catholicity.' The 
ruins of his castle are still visible. Of 
his family were the famous Lacys of 
the Russian and Austrian armies. 

In 1598 Piers L., 'Viranimi plenus 
nee eloquentiae inanis,' persuaded 
O'More to march into Munster; he 
commanded at Adare, and slew Plun- 
ket for not attacking Essex in a defile. 
He was one of the officers who rescued 
the Earl of Desmond from Castle Ishin. 
After Desmond's capture he went to 
O'Neill. O'Sullevan. 

Moryson mentions the death of this 
'Arch-rebell from Munster.' He was 
exempted from all pardon by Elizabeth. 
Car. Cal. 



NO 

A ( 



COUNTIE OF LIMERICK. 



201 



Roch' of Lickdowne. 
Hurley of Knocklig." 
M c Bryan v of Connaghe. 
M c Kennedie M c Bryan. v 
M c Bryan rath. O'Bryan. v 



'This castle belonged about this 
time to the family of Archbishop 
O'Hurley. 

u In Irish, Cnoduinga. Knocklong 
Castle is now a ruin. T. O'Hurley of 
Knocklong was M.P. in the Parliament 
of 1585. His son Randal built Ballina- 
carrig Castle, Cork, and mar. the dau. 
of O'Collins, a Chief in Carbery. His 
son Maurice d. tire. 1632. His monu- 
ment in Emly bears a long Latin in- 
scription ' Perillustris Dominus D. 
Mauritius Hurlaeus, Armiger, Monu- 
ment. Hoc sibi, suisque charissimis 
conjugibus Graniae Hoganae et Graciae 
Thorntonae, . . . posuit elaborarique 
fecit A.N.D.L. 1632.' Then follow 
eight distichs in his praise 

' Hie jacet hospitii columen, pietatis asylum 
Ingenio clarus, clarus et eloquio,' etc. 

In 1583 Archbishop O'Hurley was 
tortured and put to death in Dublin; 
in 1609 Edmund and Randal Hurly, 
notwithstanding their minority and de- 
fect of clerical orders, got from James 
I. the Chancellorship and Chantorship 
of Emly Cathedral. Patent Rolls. 

In 1606 Morice Hurly drew Red- 
mond Purcell into a castle of his, and 
then brought the English on him, and 
they executed him by martial law. Red- 
mund was a cousin-german of the 



Baron of Loughmoe. Car. Cal., p. 
471. 

"There was Donnell M c Brien of 
Crosse, whose dau. was wife of Teig 
O'Hogan; Tirlagh M c Kennedie M C B. 
of Callough; Donal M C B. of Pallice 
Greyney, whose son Moroughue Oge 
was born in 1600 ; Moriertagh M C B. of 
Trian Mona, and his brothers Tirlagh, 
Conogher M c Conogher, and Kennedie 
M C B. Inquisitions. The Annals say 
that Mac-Briain Occuanach, i.e. Morier- 
tagh, son of Torlagh, son of Moriertagh, 
went to the Parliament of 1585. This 
M'Brian Cuanagh was seated in the 
barony of Coonagh, where the ruins of 
his splendid mansion are still to be seen 
at Castletown. In 1598 the sons of 
this Moriertagh joined O'More. An- 
nals, p. 2079. 

However, Carew informs us that in 
1600 he 'took a castle of one of the 
Bryans, called Ballytarsny, 8 miles 
from Limerick, a place of no less 
strength and worth than Loghgerr, and 
upon good pledge delivered it to the 
safe keeping of MBryan O'Gonough.' 
Car. Cal., p. 400. 

w Brian M c BrianO'BrianofGarraneny 
Manna slain in 1600. Brian O'B. of 
Ballyclogh Castle joined the Desmonds; 
but in 1598, being at peace with the 

2 c 



2O2 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

The Knight of the Valley," Fitzgerrald. 



English, he was slain by Redmund 
Purcell, an insurgent. There was O'B. 
of Ballygean; O'B. of Atherlae; O'B. of 
Palliebeg. Inquisitions. The chief 
of the O'B. lived at the castle of Car- 
rigunnell. See note h . The Annals 
say that in 1580, James of Desmond 
was slain by the Lord of Pobble-Brien 
and Carrigogunnell, i.e., by Brian Dubh, 
son of Mahon; and that in 1585 the 
Lord of Carrigogunnell and Fasach- 
Luimnighe, i.e., Brian Dubh, son of 
Donogh O'Brien, attended Parliament. 

The pedigree of Brian Duff O'B. of 
Carrigogunnell, who lived in 1615, is 
among the Harleian MSS. In 1584 
'A grant was made to BrienDuffe O'B. 
Mac Donagh of Carrigogynnell, chief 
of his nacion in Pobelbrien and Lord 
of Pobelbrien (upon his surrender) of 
all and singular Manors, Lordships, 
Castles, etc. ... to hold to the heirs 
male of his body, remainder to his 
brothers, Teig, Mathew, alias Mahowne, 
Dermond, Donalde, and Cnogher O'B. 
... to find 3 sufficient horsemen, well 
furnished with horse and armour, with 
three hackneys for the said horsemen, 
with their apparel, and 6 footmen, alias 
shott or kerne, either galloglas.' Rolls 
Office, Dublin. See Lenihan, pp. 76 
and 114. 

* See note k . O'Sullevan calls him 
Edmundus Geraldinus, Eques Auratus 
Vallis, and says he joined O'More in 
1598, and joined O'Sullevan and Tir- 



rell after the defeat of Kinsale. He 
was lampooned by the ' Red Bard,' 
who says of him and his brothers that 
' after being killed, they survive ; you 
will find their track to Rathkeale ; do 
not seek them except in time of fairs.' 
He means that they are marauders. 
The Annals call him Ridire-an-Gleanda 
(Emany Mac Thomais), and say that 
he was with O'Donnell in his famous 
march from O'Maher's countrey to 
Owney, 'the greatest march with car- 
riage that hath been heard of; an 
unreasonable infinite long march, in- 
credible, but upon my reputation it is 
true,' says Carew. 

In 1600 he was exempted by Eliza- 
beth from the general pardon, by the 
name of ' Edmond FitzThomas Fitz- 
Gerald, commonly called The Knight 
of the Valley.' Car. Cal., p. 502. 
His son and heir, Thomas, emigrated 
to Spain after the battle of Kinsale. 
The Knight, 'though he saw the canon 
ready to place on his castle, and his 
son in my hands threatened to be pre- 
sently executed, would not yield. In 
winning his castle of Glann, in 1600, 
we lost 1 1 soldiers, whereof one ensign 
and 2 1 hurt. Captain Flower had four 
wounds, and the lieutenants of the 
Earl of Thomond and Sir H. Power 
were hurt. Of the enemy of all sorts, 
80 slain. His son being an infant (for 
humanity's sake), I did commiserate.' 
Carew in Car. Cal. 



COUNTIE OF LIMERICK. 



203 



Purcell y of the crook. 
Several Freeholders of the Purcells/ 
Supples, 2 Walshes, aa Obirnes, bb 
Ryans, cc Fyants, dd Verdons, ee Roches," 



y Among the ' Freeholders of Conne- 
logh' in 1570, was Piers Purcell of the 
Croagh. In the vicinity of Croagh are 
the remains of Amigan Castle, and the 
castle of Cappa. The 'Red Bard' 
lampoons the Purcells thus ' The 
Kenry men, hard, hissing griffins. 
Hungry, lean-bodied a begrudging 
horde. All their infants are ill-favoured; 
before baptism they speak, ordering 
scanty food for the labourer.' Their 
chief residence was the castle of Bally- 
calhane in the barony of Kenry. In 
1595 there was Purcell of Ballincarrigy. 
Among the open friends to the Earl of 
Desmonde were 'the Purcells of the 
Crowghe, the Supples, Chacies, Lacyes, 
Hurleyes, Brownes, Rory M c Shane, all 
the Shees.' Car. Cal., 1601-1603. 

In 1581 David Oge P., son of David 
of the Lake, son of Thomas, son of 
John, son of Thomas, son of Philip, 
son of the Knight, defeated a body of 
Englishmen near his castle of Ballycal- 
hane ; to avenge which the English 
commander of Adare slew 150 women 
and children in and around that castle. 
David was afterwards taken by 
M'Mahon, and ' the heroic soldier ' 
was put to death in Limerick. Annals. 
Supple of Kilmocua joined Des- 
mond. Inquisitions. Also S. of Bal- 
lenetubbred. Car. Cal., 1592. 



aa The chief of them was Sir Edmond 
Walshe, whose tomb is in Owney ; but 
he will be given under Tipperary. 
Perhaps this name is meant for Nashes. 
There were John FitzDavid Nash and 
his brother of Ballycullen killed in re- 
bellion in 1581 and 1583. James and 
Philip N. of Ballycolla Castle lived 
circ. 1598 ; also Redmond Oge N. of 
Sesherra, and James Oge N. of Ballone- 
kaherrogh. Inquisitions. 

bb Perhaps O'Briens. Anniver O'Brien 
of Skehannagh was slain in 1601. 
Inquisitions. See also note w . Another 
O'Brien lived at Gortboy. 

cc O'Mulrian of Clonkine. Inqui- 
sitions. One of the gentlemen of the 
Co. of Limerick in 1592 was Connour 
O'Mulrian. There is in Abington a 
monument to W m -, chief of the O'Ryans, 
who d. in 1632. See under Tip- 
perary. 

dd Called 'Plants' in the list of 1570. 
James Ffante of Ffantestowne, 'inter- 
fecit et rmirderavit Patricium Ffante,' 
circ. 1598. 

ee A Verdune was Mayor in 1553; 
there is a monument of this family in 
Kilmallock. 

"Jordan, Dominick, Stephen, and 
Philip R. were Mayors in 1588, 1597, 
1601, and 1602. 



204 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Whytes, gg Sheerhes, hh Arthures," 



* James and Robert W. were Mayors 
in 1595 and 1569. 

The ' Mayor's Stone,' near the cross 
of Killeely, outside Thomond Gate, has 
the inscription 

' This Paving was wh 
Oly ended at the 
Charges of the Corpo 
Ration, James Whit 
E Fitzjames Esquir 
Being Maior Anni Di 
MDCXXXVIII.' 

hh M c Sheehy of Ballenerogie ; M C S. 
of the castle of Ballynoe ; M C S. of 
Ballym c Kery, and Curraghmore. In- 
quisitions. The M C S. were hereditary 
galloglasses to the Desmonds, and had 
their chief residence at the strong castle 
of Lisnacullia,in the parish of Cloonagh. 
See O 1 Donovan in Ulst. Jour, of 
Arch., No. 22, and Annals, p. 28. 

'MurtaghOge Mac S. and his brothers 
Rorie and Edmund, from the cradle 
inclined to mischief, as all that sept 
hath been, being oft apprehended and 
imprisoned, and having broken prisons 
(Murtagh at Limerick, Rory at Kil- 
kenny), after many favors went into 
oppen accion. Murtagh was marked 
by nature ; he had a strong arm, a 
desperate viilanie, and a skilful tar- 
geteer. He was taken in a wood 
killing of porkes, and making provision 
to entertain the rebels of Leinster. 
Being brought to Cork and arraigned, 
evidence was given against him that he 
had prayed, spoiled and murdered 



about fourscore English families. Sen- 
tence was given that he should have 
his arms and his thies broken with a 
sledge, and hang in chains. So he 
was executed without the north gate of 
Cork an 1597. Rory was killed by an 
Irish kerne ; and Edmund was killed 
by an Englishman at the spoil of Kil- 
kolman.' McCarthy Mor, p. 148. 

" Dr. Arthurs' father, William, d. in 
1622, aged 60. His person was hand- 
some, symmetrical and upright his 
form ; a long beard graced his cheeks; 
courteous, polite, mild of eyes, of 
voice, of aspect, munificent, clement 
and kind, the prayers of all bless him. 
Far from him was wrath, treachery, 
malice, and the crime of odious avarice ; 
a worshipper of faith and of God, 
estimable for guileless simplicity. His 
generous house was open in hospitality 
to foreign exiles. He married in 1587 
Anastatia Rice, who was mother of a 
numerous offspring, long abstained 
from meat and wine, and d. in 1640, 
aged 70. Dr. Arthur, quoted by 
Lenihan, p. 368. 

James Stackpole had a son Bar- 
tholomew, who mar. in 1636 a dau. of 
the famous Dr. Arthur of Limerick, 
He gave hisftande 25 wedding presents, 
amongst which were a small goulde 
cross, a goulde ring weighing 22 carats, 
2 small gould rings, 5 carats each . . . 
i payer of Spanish leather shoes. 
Arthur MSS. 






COUNTIE OF LIMERICK. 



205 



Sir George Bowcher, Sir Edwd. Fitton, 

Sir W' Ilm ' Courtney, with divers others of the 

Burkes/ Lacies, 8 Geraldines," Shees, hh 

Foxes, kk Jordans, Farmings. 11 Of the undertakers, 



a Thomas M c Shane FitzGerald, alias 
Thomas Cam, of Clenglish, mar. a dau. 
of McCarthy of Muskerry; he is an- 
cestor of FitzGerald of Castle Ishin, 
Co. Cork. He had the castle of 
Gortnitybured. Inquisitions. 

** Fox of Ballyheward. Inquisitions. 
Edmund Fox was Mayor in 1605. 

u Often Mayors and Bailiffs. 

In St. John's Church there was, anno 
1763, a monument with figures of 
the Twelve Apostles sculptured in stone, 
and the inscription 

' Thomas Power, quondam Civis Lime- 
ricensis, et ejus uxor Joanna Rice hoc 
monumentum haeredibus suis con- 
struxerunt, in quo ambo sepeliuntur. 
Ora pro eis pius lector. 

Quisquis eris qui transis, 

Sta, perlege plora, 

Sum quod eris, fueramque quod es. 

Pro me, precor, ora. 

Hoc finito, A.D. 1622.' 
In Broadstreet there is an inscription 
on a chimneypiece 

Petrus Creagh Filius Andrae et 
Elionora Rice uxor ejus 
Curarunt extrui has Aedes 
A suis Haeredibus in timore 
A more et favore Numinis diu Possi- 
dendas viventibus 
I.H.S. 
1640. Lenihan. 

Geoffry Galway, Mayor of Limerick, 
a man who had spent many years in 



England in studying of the common 
law, and returning to Ireland about 
three years since, did so pervert that 
citie by counsell and example, that he 
withdrew the mayor, aldermen, and 
generally the whole citie from coming 
to the church, which before they some- 
times frequented. About a year ago 
he prevailed on the maior to disarm 
the soldiers, whereby a gapp was open 
to him to induce a massacre of his 
Majestie's forces. Galway was fined 
^400 for this by Carew. See Pac. Hib. 

Twelve of the name of Harold were 
Mayors, and 8 either Bailiffs or 
Sheriffs. Daniel Harold, Esq., of 
Limerick is of this family. 

Edmond Sexten owned the Convents 
of St. Mary and St. Francis, given to 
his grandfather, Edmond Sexten, by 
Henry VIII. In 1636 he was buried 
in the ancestral tomb in St. Mary's, 
with 'all the solemnitie that the countie 
made and could afforde.' Lenihan, 

P- 657- 

Also O'Madden of Knocktorine, 
slain in 1598. M c Keough of the 
castle of Cloneleiffe; M c Canny of the 
castle of Drombanny ; O'Riardon of the 
castle of Tholowie, and O'Riardon of 
Rostemple ; Dondon of the castle of 
Bally stine; Teig M c Clancy of Roberts- 
town, killed at Glynn in 1600 ; Strich 



206 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Sir John Outrich. mm Capt. Barcley. 

Capt. Collam. Mr. Billinglesloy. mm 

George Thornton, provost Marshall of Mounster. 
The most part of the Irish are joined together in this Re- 
bellion, especiallie such who either themselves or whose Parents 
lost their Lands by the Earle of Desmond's rebellion. 1111 



of the castle of Rathward, and Stritch 
of Gort Veaghan; England of the castle 
of Englandstown, whose father was 
hanged for rebellion, his mother was 
Unie Ni Donell Clancie ; Mahowne 
M c Da of Kilmede and Atheveghan ; 
Browne of Camus, in rebellion, ancestor 
of Marshal Ulick Browne, the opponent 
of Frederick the Great; Liston of 
Skehanagh; Bugget of Buggedstown; 
Donal Barry of Ballygeybeg d. in 1612; 
his son Dowle Barry's monument is in 
Owney; O'Hynowrane of Muskry; 
O' Hynowrane ; O'Riodiallighe of Ballen- 
nodiallighe; Wale of Listordan; M. 
FitzEdmund Hubert of Rathkielly, and 
Hubert of Ballycooghane ; Hubert of 
Camoye; M c Thomas of P alike; Fitz- 
William of Dromeard ; Donogh M'Wil- 
liam Oge of Glenstille, who murderavit 
Rochford, a Limerick merchant ; 
M c Grath of Galbally; R. Oge Cusshine 
of Liscorroge; E. M c Allister Gavin of 
Ballynerine, who rebelled in 1584; 
Leo of Thollovine; John Crom Fitz- 
Nicholas Sarsfield of Amogane ; Woulfe 
of Williamstowne. Inquisitions. Raw- 
ley of Ballingowley, O'Heyne of 
Cahirelly, M c Mahown of Cragan, Wall 
of Cloghtrea.de, Fitzjohn of Balline- 
mong, FitzEdmund of Gilliterstown, 



M c Tighe of Tuogh. Lenihan, p. 138. 

Gentlemen of Connyloughe in 1592: 
Suppell of Ballenetubbred, Thomas 
M c Eae, Doole M c Mulmurry, David 
Lacie, R. Wale, J. Lacie FitzDavid, 
P. Lalor, Morys Cooswill, M c Henry, 
Cartrill M c Gerrott, J. FitzThomas 
M'Phillipp, Gerrott Liston, J. Nashe, 
Wm. Oge England, David Barrie, 
Moriertagh M c Morghe, J. Russell. 
Among the gentlemen" of Limerick 
county there were besides E. Miaghe, 
Oliver Bourke, Conor O'Mulryan, J. 
Verdon (Sheriff), J. Golde, Stephen 
Sexten, M c Brene X O'Gonaghes (his 
mark), T. Yong, Jordan Roche, J. 
Monsloy, T. FitzEdmond,Wm.M c Rick- 
ard, T. Brown, T. FitzWilliam, E. 
Whytte, Moroghe X M c Brene (his 
mark), Redmond FitzWilliam. Car. 
Cat., p. 67. 

mm Sir H. Outred of Maghawnagh d. 
in 1599. 

In 1589 Billingely, Oughtread, 
Barkley, Courtney, and Trencher got 
12,000 acres each in Conclogh at 4d. 
an acre. McCarthy Mor, p. 17. 

nn ' In Limbricke Piers Lacy, with 
the M c Shees, Clanwilliam (Burkes), and 
other septs, 300 f. and 15 horse in 1599.' 
Car. Cal. t p. 300. 



COUNTIE OF TIPPERARIE. 



207 



THE COUNTIE OF TIPPERARIE. 

This Countie is devided into Two Counties, the one called 
the crosse of Tipperarie, the other the Countie of the Libertie 
of Tipperarie, which is a Countie Palatyne belonging to the 
Earle of Ormond. In the Countie of the Crosse the Quene a 
appointeth yearlie a Sherriff as her onlie officer. The Countie 
Palatyne is ruled by a Constable [Seneschal], a Justice, and a 
Sherriffe, all three appointed by the Earle of Ormond. 

These two Counties of the Crosse and of the Libertie of 
Tipperarie are so mingled together, as no plat or card can be 
made to shew any apparent division, but by observation and 
Custome whereby the Inhabitants do know the one from the 
other. The whole countie ioyntlie comprehendeth all the Land 
from Callan, in the Countie of Kilkenny, to b the [ ] of 

] Westward, and from Emelie, which was the 



a ' The Queene maketh the Shriff 
her head officer. The Palatyne is 
gouerned by sceneschall Justice, a 
shriffe, and divers other meaner officers, 
which two counties lye onelie by obser- 
vation and custome.' Dymmok. 

b ' To Mac O'Brien O'Gannogh's 
cuntry in the county of Lymrike, 
O'Mulrean's cuntry, Mac Brian Ara, 
O'Downie's cuntry, upper and nether 
Ormond, Constinagh, Cosehi, Muskry 
whirke, a great part of Harlow, and by 
ancient division O'Carroll's cuntry, 
Elye, though he disclaim from yt.' 
Dymmok. 



A document of the i6th century in 
Kilkenny Castle states that, ' Kilkenny 
and Tipperary counties being joined 
together under one capteyn, have rated 
themselves to bear for their defense 
each "three score beds (every bed a 
horseman and 2 kerne), 8 score sparys 
of galoglas (i.e., 6 score sherts of mayle, 
the rest is allowed to the capteynes and 
their men to carry their armor)." The 
total monteth to 60 horse, 120 kerne, 
and 120 galoglas for Kilkenny, and the 
lykenombre in Typperary.' Kilk.Jour. 
of Arch., year 1855, P- 2 34- 

' Tipperarie, which is now the only 



208 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



,-V/i- 



.> 



Seat of a Bishop, to Conshilaghe, the West part whereof belong- 
eth to this Countie, the rest to the Countie of Kilkenny, and so 
contayneth the Countries of Omulryans, Odwyers, upper and 
nether Ormond, a part of Conshelaghe, Cosheshany, Muskry 
Wherke a great part of Arklo, and all onaught. It extendeth 
from Tobragney (a Well) in the South, to the Field of Breynd 
in the North 40 Miles, and from east to West some 32 or 33 
Miles. The Quene hath reserved only the Tryall of Treasons 



Countie Palatine, is made a receptacle 
to rob the Countries about it, by meanes 
of whose privileges none will follow 
their stealthes, so as it being situate in 
the very lap of all the land is now made 
a border, which how inconvenient it is 
let every man judge.' Spenser, p. 46. 

The Baronies in the Co. of Tipperary, 

and what Septs inhabit them in 

1600. 

Lower Ormond The three O'Kene- 
dies. Upper Ormond M c Teg of the 
Kenedies, whose chief house is Badine- 
doghie; in it is also the castle and abbey 
of Nenaghe, the Earl of Ormonde's 
lands; the O'Mares, the Hegans, the 
Hogans. 

Owney CPMulrian (part of this ba- 
rony is in the Co. Limerick) O'Mul- 
rians. In this barony is the abbey of 
Owney, Sir Edmond Welshe's house, 
which was built by the White Earl of 
Ormond. 

Kilnemanaghe O'Duire, descended 
from the O'Briens. 

Ikerine O'Magher and the Earl of 
Ormond's castle of Roskrey. 



Eliogortie Parcel, Baron of Lough- 
may ; Cantwell of Mocanke. It hath 
in it the abbey of the Crosse, Thurles 
Castle, and Templemore, the Earl of 
Ormond's lands. 

Slewardie Sir James Oge Butler, 
Fanning, Cantwell, Leffar, Mariner. 

DowArra M c BrienArra,descended 
from O'Brien of Tomond. 

EliagheandKillinaghlohart M c Wal- 
ter Burke in Eliagh, Donogh Mac 
Shaneglasse O'Mulrian. 

East Clanwilliain The Burkes of 
Muskrie, the Burkes of Onaught, the 
Burkes ofCoshnaie, part of the O'Briens 
of Arloghe. 

Comshey (part in Co. Kilkenny) 
The Tobins. 

Middlethird Butler, Baron of Dun. 
boyne, the Hackets, Stapletons, and 
Mocleere. 

Cantred of Clonmel Butler, Baron 
of Cahir, the Prendergarsts, the Powers, 
and M c Craghes. Car. CaL, p. 513. 

Freeholders of Crosse Tipperary in 1600. 

Cantred of Middlethird Everard 

of Kilmocley, Butler of Morestowne- 



COUNTIE OF TIPPERARIE. 



209- 



to herself in the Countie of the Libertie, all other crymes and 
actions which are tried and decided before the Earle of Ormond's 
officers. 

Chief Townes ) ~ , d , 
J7- /~ * \ Cashell, d well walled. 
tn this Countte. ) 



Kirke, Butler of Garriarde, Mockler of 
Ballynattine, Stapleton of Thurles-beg, 
Hackett of Marshalstown, Hacket of 
Ballycomuske, Malladg Carran of Bur- 
densgrange, Meagher of the same, 
T. FitzRichard Stapleton of Leynaghs- 
town, E. Stapleton of Garranpheccard. 

Slevardaghe Piers Butler Fitzjames 
of Ballinonetie, J. LafFane of Greys- 
town e. 

Eliogertie Purcell of Kilcaske, Pur- 
cell of Burres-Lieghe, Stapleton of 
Kilcloine, Hugh O'Meagher of Kil- 
oskehane, Conogher O'Meagher, D. 
O'Meagher, and P. O'Meagher of the 
same. 

Cantred of Clonmel T. Butler of 
Ballehymicknie, Lord Baron of Cahir, 
Butler of Cloghecullie, P. Butler of 
Knockenamine, E. Butler Fitzjohn of 
Mullaghenonie, T. Butler of Tample- 
Ehennie, Prindergaste of Ballyvorish, 
Prindergast of Grandg, P. of the same, 
P. of the Freghanes, P. of Kilvynnine, 
P. of Carrigetearhie, P. of Rath O'Kel- 
Jie, Keating of Ardfinnane, E. White 
of the same, M c Donoghe of the same, 
Eustace Englishe of Cloghemenecode, 
Eustace English of Rahine, Mansfield 
of Loghtogherie, Keating of Mores- 
tovvne, Donoghowe of Blackcastle, E. 
Mocler of Ballycurrine, Sherlock of 



Clearichanstowne, Geoffrey Mockler of 
the same, T. Butler FitzEdmond of 
Rathnelowre, T. Butler Fitzjohn of 
Rathenuskie. 

Clamvilliam Wm. Ryane of Sel- 
chod, J. Hiffernane of Lattine, M. 
Hiffernane of the same, O'Hiffernane 
of the same, Pilline of Duncomyne, 
Burke of Kilbeckane, (O'Dwyer) of 
Kilnemannaghe, J. O'Dowyre of Ballin- 
garrane. Car. Cal., p. 480. 

c Vide the last note on this county. 
d 'It is said 100 castles are visible 
from the Rock of CasheL'J&'tt. four, 
of Arch., an. 1851, p. 465. 

'We passed from Limerick to Cashell 
over the most rich and delightful valley 
in Ireland for the space of 20 miles. 
In Cashel we found only one inhabi- 
tant that came to church, for even the 
Archbishop's own sons, and sons-in- 
law, dwelling there are obstinate recu- 
sants. We indicted more than 100 in 
this poor town. The cathedral is a 
fair ancient structure, on a high hill.' 
Sir J. Davys in 1606 Car. Cal,, 475. 
The Will of Cantwell of Moycarkey, 
Esq., dated 1618 'I recommend my 
soul to Almighty God, to be placed in 
ye bosome of Abraham ; and do will 
my body, after my decease, to be buried 
in St, Patrick's Church at -Cashel, in 

a D 



2IO 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Clonmell, 8 > 

I? j ^ r C well walled. 

Fedart/ ) 



mine ancestor's tombe there.' -Jour, of 
Kilk. Arch. Soc., May 1859, p. 320. 

In the old cathedral of Cashel there 
is a small shield, upon which are the 
arms of Boyton ' three spur rowels ' 
with the name of Boyton in old 
English letters inscribed upon it. Also 
the tomb of O'Kearney, the lord of 
many manors in the neighbourhood, 
who d. in 1460 ; his direct descendant, 
David O'K., was Archbishop of Cashel 
in 1602. The O'K. lived at the castles 
of Killusty, and Barretstown, at Cap- 
paghmore, and Knockinglass. 

c ' A well built and well kept town. 
Being in the liberty, is more haunted 
with Jesuits and priests than any other 
town or city in this province, which is 
the cause we found the burgesses more 
obstinate here than elsewhere. The 
Lord President did gently offer to the 
principal inhabitants not to proceed 
against them if they would yield to 
conference for a time, and become 
bound in the meantime not to receive 
any Jesuit or priest into their houses ; 
they peremptorily refused.' Davys. 
See Car. CaL, year 1606, p. 475. 

f Tombs in the Abbey of Fethard: 
'Hie jacent Thaddeus O'Meagher de 
Ballidin, et Anastatia Purtia ejus uxor, 
qui me fieri fecerunt, 20 Maii anno Salu- 
tis 1600.' The present representative of 
that family is Mr. O'Meagher of Fethard. 
In the market house, which had in 
former days been a monastery, there is 



the inscription ' Dama Everardus, 
alias Roche, relicta Joannis Everardi 
Junioris haec insignia erexit . . . quae 
obiit xii Aug. 1646.' She was the d. 
of Roche of Ballinard Castle, near 
Fethard. The noble mansion of the 
Everards is converted into a barrack. 
A few years ago the only representative 
of this once illustrious house was a 
little servant girl living in Mullinahone. 
The Roches of Ballynard Castle have 
also disappeared. 

' Hie jacet R. Henes qui obiit xxix 
Dec. 1615; cujus perdillectus fater, 
Thomas Henes, etiam uxor ejus Anas- 
tasia Archer me fieri fecerunt.' 

'Orate pro animabus Edmondi Tobin 
de la Briscelagh, gen. Margarae Tobin 
uxoris ejusdem, Thomae Tobin, filii et 
haeredis ipsius, et Joanae Tobin alias 
Marrenel, uxoris ipsius Thomae, qui hie 
jacent, et me fieri fecerunt 

Anno Doni 1634.' 

Briscelagh was the residence of the 
Tobins at Kylenagranagh ; its founda- 
tion is still visible and is called Sean- 
clock, ' the old stone.' 

' Hie jacet Bernardus Kearney Burgi 
de Fiderdiae, Filius Mauritii Kearney 
Burgi ibidem, qui Bernardus obiit an. 
1682 act. 38, Cujus uxor Katherina 
Kearney alias Dwyer me fieri fecit an. 
Dni 1687.' Kilk. Jour, of Arch. 

Bryan O'Kearney, S.J., was probably 
of the Kearney family that preserved 
St. Patrick's Crozier. From their pos- / 



COUNTIE OK TIPPERARIE. 



21 I 



Men of 
Name* 



Carrig, 8 well walled. 
Emelie, 

Tipperarie, I Wast. 
Holicrosse, ) 

The Earle of Ormond' Butler. 
The L. of Caer' Butler. 

The L. of Dunboyne' Butler. 
The Arch Bishop' of Cashell. 



session of this valuable relic they were 
called O'Kearney Bacula, or Kearney 
Crux. This relic was in the possession 
of Bryan O'Kearney of Fethard, who d. 
in 1765. He was the last of the male 
line of the O'Kearney Crux family, 
and he sold the remnant of their 
estates to the ancestor of the present 
Lord Lismore. 
' Hie jacent Ricardus Wale de Rath 

kynny, 

Generosus, et Catherina Wale alias 
Carran filia Mathiae Carran de 
Mobarnane ejus uxor .' . . 
Quorum animabus orate ad Dominum. 
Datum ultimo Februarii, Salutis 1635.' 
Kilk. Jour, of Arch. 

* In the Church of Carrick is a flat 
stone with the inscription ' Here 
lieth entombed the bodie of Thomas 
Butler, Esq., sonne to the R. Hon. th' 
Erie of Ormond and Ossory, who died 
being Sheriffe of the Co. of Typerary 
the 12 Jan. 1605.' 

On an altar-tomb at Ballyneale, near 
Carrig-on-Suir, is the inscription 'Hie 
jacet Philippus Quemerford, quondam 
collactaneus Comitis Ormoniae cum 



uxore sua Margarita Shea A. Dni 1630. 
Qui obiit 10 Juni.' It bears the 
arms of Comerfcrd and Shea. Kilk. 
Jour, of Arch., year 1862, p. 10. 

At Ballintemple, near Carrick-on- 
Suir, is a monument on which a hand- 
some floriated cross with the legend 
in raised letters ' Here lyeth Jhone 
Boutlr FitzGeroit of Bolendesert, and 
his wyf Johana FitzRicardi Ano 1587 
[ ] to be made.' Up to 1654 

the Butlers owned Bolendesert, and the 
(now ruined) castle of Ballinclohy. 

The other tombstone has the legend 
' Hie jacet Dons Carolus Everardus 
filius Gabrielis Everardi filii Joannis 
Everardi de Fethard, Equitis aurati et 
quondam Justitiarius Regis Banco, hie 
quoque jacet uxor ei' Catherina Wale 
filia de Gulielmo Wale de Cuilnemuc. 
Orate pro animabus suis [ ] Maii 

1643-' 

The Everards owned large posses- 
sions near Fethard, and also Burntcourt, 
near Clogheen ; they may now be con- 
sidered extinct 

11 See at note b , two very full lists. 

' See infra ' Peers and Bishops." 






212 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



The Barronet of Loghmie k Purcell, and many 
Gentlemen depending upon these Noblemen, 
as the 

Butlers. 1 Cantwells. 1 " 

Purcells. k Kennadies." 



k In 1598 'the Lord of Clonmel- 
Third and Cahir, and the Baron of 
Luachmhagh (Loughmoe), with many 
others of the young Butlers, joined in this 
war of the Irish.' Annals. The mag- 
nificent ruins of Loghmoe Castle and 
mansion are still visible. A Baron 
Purcell of Loughmoe and his son were 
killed at Aughrim. Rawdon Papers, 
p. 351. Thomas P., Baron of Lough- 
moe, had a dau. mar. to Butler of Bally- 
nodagh and Moyaliffe, and a dau. mar. 
to John, brother of the 2 d Lord Dun- 
boyne. Theobald, son of Richard, 
' Baron of Loughmoe,' mar. a dau. of 
the 2 d Lord Dunboyne. Lodge, un- 
der Lords Carrick, Mountgarret, and 
Caer. 

There was a Piers Pursell of Kil- 
nesier. Inquisitions. 

1 Butlers of Ardmayle Castle, of 
Ballykyrin. Inquisitions. B. of Bally- 
boe, B. of Rouskagh, B. of Shanbally- 
duffe, B. of Cabragh. Sir James B. of 
Lismallen and Clonamelchon, mar. a 
dau. of the Earl of Ormond, and had a 
son who, in 1628, became Viscount 
Ikerrin; B. of Kilmoyler and Bella- 
carren. Lodge. 

Sir Walter B. of Kilcash, nephew of 
io th E. of Ormond, with some gentle- 
men of Tipperary, defeated Redmond 



Bourk, and forced him to fly to Spain ; 
in this action Sir Walter was wounded. 
He mar. a dau. of L. Mountgarret ; he 
became i i th Earl, and d. at Carrrick 
in 1632. On account of his devotion 
to the Blessed Virgin, he was called 
' Earl Walter of the Rosaries. ' H e had 
three sons and nine daughters. His 
sons-in-law were Power of Monagha- 
largy in Tipperary, son of Lord Power; 
Butler, Viscount Ikerrine; Butler of 
Grellagh, son of Lord Dunboyne ; Bag- 
nal of Dunleckney; Sir E. Blanchville 
of Blanchvillestown, and Richard 6 tw 
Earl of Clanrickard. Lodge. 

Piers B. of Ballynenodagh or Moya- 
liffe, son of W. Butler, and a dau. of 
M c Brien Ogonagh, d. in 1627, and was 
buried in the Abbey of Holy Cross. 
His wife was a dau. of the Baron of 
Loghmoe; his sisters were m. to 
O'Dwyer of Dundroney in Tipperary, 
to Sherlock of Mothe in Waterford, to 
Esmond Baron of Limbrick in Wex- 
ford. Lodge. 

The Lord of Slewardagh, i.e., James 
Butler, d. in 1600. Annals, p. 2185. 

m C. of Athassell. Inquisitions. 

" O'Kennedy of Ballyloghyappull. 

Teig M c Rorie M c Maneny O'K. of 
Ballyrushane, O'K. of Annagh Castle, 
Belafinvoy Castle, Kyriagh Kearowe, 



COUNTIE OF TIPPERAKIE. 



213 



Odwyrs. 

Burkes." 

Englyshes. q 



Loughshearnes. 
Whytes/ 



Brackagh, Lackin, Curraghmoririn, 
Ballygibbon, Caragharnine, Ballycoly- 
tan, Ballyhinikyne, Delysinclonty, 
Knockmelura. Inquisitions. All these 
were ' in accion,' 

' M c Teig of Ormond, i.e., Conor of 
the Harbour, son of Teig, grandson of 
Mahon Don O'Kennedy, d. in 1583, 
a ready tranquil, domestic man without 
reproach. Philip, son of Dermot O'K. 
of Ropalach, was then styled M'Teig. 
The son of M c Coghlan, an intellectual 
youth, on his first assumption of chivalry, 
was slain by the son of Kennedy 
Finn in 1583.' In 1588 (Bryan) 
O'Kennedy Finn d., upon which 
Owny, son of Donogh Oge, and Gilla- 
duffe, son of Dermod, were at strife 
about the Lordship ; at length the terri- 
tory was divided equally between them, 
and the name was conferred on Owny. 
In 1599 Sean, son of Giolla Dubh, son 
of James O'Kennedy from Ballingarry- 
Knocshiena in Ormond, was slain by 
Hugh, son of Morogh O'Kennedy from 
Ballyquirk. O'Kennedy Finn (Owny) 
of Ballyhough in Lower Ormond d. in 
1599, and Gilla Dubh O'K. was then 
styled the O'Kennedy Finn.' Annals. 

O'Dwyers of Torrehie, Kilnecree, 
Cwillo-Cotta. Inquisitions. 

O'Duibhidhir of Coill-na-manach d. 
in 1594, and his son Diarmaid took his 
place. O'D. joined O'More in 1598. 



Annals. 'In 1600 Redmond Burke 
with 600 men entered Odwire's countrie 
to burn and prey the same. Odwire, 
having assembled as many men as that 
short warning would permit, fell upon 
one of his Divisions which consisted of 
200 foot; of them he slew 120 and 
many hurt. In revenge whereof Burke 
entered a second time into the said 
countrie where he slew Man, Woman 
and Child, burnt all the houses (castles 
excepted), and drove away all the 
Cattle of the countrie.' Pacata Hib., 

P- 59- 

p Burkes of Banshagh Castle; R. Liagh 
B. and J. Moel B. brothers, of Shanganagh 
and Pollaghbeg; B. of Drominagh, B. 
of Drangan, J. Oge B. of Fehertagh, 
David B. Fitz William of Ballinesillagh, 
B. of Bellankoaly, Thos. B. Fitz William 
of Swyfine, B. of Ballydare, B. of Las- 
sinagh. Inquisitions. In 1583 'John 
Carragh B., heir to Cois-Suir (in Clan- 
william), who had been in rebellion, 
went and seized all the cattle of the 
Adare ; the warders pursued him, and 
while with his small body of horse he 
was charging them, he was shot through 
the helmet. His people carried off the 
prey, but John was taken and hanged 
in Limerick.' Annals. 

" E. of Cloghemenecode, E. of Ra- 
hime in 1600. Car. Cal., p. 480. 

' Of Clonmel. See Co. of Waterford. 



214 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Ryans." Bryans/ 

and divers Religious Houses. 



5 D. Mac Shaneglasse O'Mulrian 
of Graigeneskie, Loughlin M'Teig 
MThomas Finn O'M. of Bollibane, 
O'M. of Craig. Inquisitions, In 1598 
the O'Ryans joined O'More. Annals. 

In the Abbey of Owney there was a 
monument of the Head of this race 
who died in 1632. The inscription 
was 
Noblissimus Dns Gulielmus Rian Pa- 

triae suae 
De Ownii, necnon antiquae Rianoram 

familiae Caput 
Et Princeps, sibi, uxori et liberis suis 

hanc sepulchri 
Molem erigi curavit.' 

See the rest in Dynelfs Tour. 

1 Mac-I-Brien Ara d. in 1601 ; his 
sons were Donogh, Mortogh, Bishop 
of Killaloe, Torlogh Carrach, Teig na 
buile, Morogh na Tuath. Memoirs of 
the ff Brians, p. 546. The castles of 
Ballina, Casteltown and Cnoc-an-Ein- 
Finn belonged to them. Annals, p. 
1835, note. 

' In 1592 More O'Carroll, wife of 
Mac-I-Brien Ara, died she had spent 
a good life, without reproach. 

' Mac-I-Brien Ara, i.e., Torlogh, d. 
in 1601. There was no other lord of 
a territory so old as he on the night he 
died. He was an active, warlike man, 
who had led his followers in safety 
from every territory into which he had 
gone, and seldom had any troops who 
had entered his territory escaped from 



him scathless : a man who had de- 
fended the rugged and hilly district, 
which he possessed, till his death. He 
was interred in his own fortified resi- 
dence of Baile-an-Chaislen." Annals. 

There were also M'Brien Roe of 
Tornonyne, O'Brien of Lahesheragh, 
O'B. of Killmostully, whose wife was 
Slany Ni Vrick. Inquisitions. 

In the Abbey of Owney the monument 
to Sir E. Walsh (spoken of under note 
b ) bears the figures of Saints Peter and 
Bernard, of the Blessed Virgin, and St. 
Mary Magdalene. He d. in 1617, as 
appears by the Hexasticon Chrono- 
logicon in raised letters on it 
'Jam sexcenti mille annis septemque 

decemque 
Virgo ex quo enixa est immaculata 

Deum . . . 
Edmundus Torquatus eques, vir max- 

imus armis, 

Major at hospitio, nee pietate minor.' 
Dynely. 

A tomb at Dangan has 'Hicjacet 
Thadeus Geankagh O'Meagher, gene- 
rosus, qui obiit 19 Dec. 1627 cujus 
animae propitietur Deus.' O'Meagher 
lived at Drumsaileach, near Roscrea. 

In 1602 the most distinguished 
branch of the Mac Egans lived in the 
castle of Coillle Ruadha or Red- Wood, 
in the parish of Lorrha, in the neigh- 
bourhood of which the head of that 
branch still retains a small patrimonial 
estate.' Hy-Many, p. 168. 



COUNTIE OF TIPPERARIE. 



215 



Chief Castles Carrig, 
are Thurles, 

Templemore, 

Kilshelshane, 

Roscree, 

Kilfekle, 

Caer u belonging to the L. thereof. 



All the Erles of Ormond. 



I find in the Annals the following 
entries about the O'Meaghers and 
M c EgansandO'Hogansofthisperiod: 
' The son of O'Meachair (John of the 
Glen) d. in 1592. In 1601 the Con- 
naught Burks were surprised in 
O'Meachair's country by the Butlers, 
and many of them were slain "through- 
out their tents and booths." In 1601 
Cairpre Oge M c Egan, ensign to the son 
of the Earl of Ormond, was slain in 
the attack on Rincorran. In 1602 
Donogh M c Egan of Killte-roe was 
killed while attacking O'Sullevan on 
his passage across the Shannon. Ogan 
O'Hogan of Ard-Croine d. in 1598 ; he 
had four brothers Conor of Ardcrony, 
John Prior of Lorha, Gillapatrick, 
Erenach of Lorha, and William. His 
pedigree is given in MTirbis. Ogan's 
brother, "John, Prior of Lorha, was 
slain by a party of the O'Kennedies in 
I S99-'" Annals. 

Also the O'Hogans of Knockme- 
lora, Ballyhynkyne, and Gortneskehy ; 
O'Maghers of Killballyhin, Ballyfoline, 
Gurtyn M c Philip, Towmenagh, Dan- 
gensallagh; O'Carroll of Cowleowen- 
leane Castle, in Eli O'Carroll; O'Clery 



of Fydden ; Cosmeagh M c Egan of 
Agheway; M. M c Gerald Prendergast 
of Ballybeg, P. of Leackymack, P. of 
Newcastle; the M c Gillfoyles of Bally- 
styanch and Gortnebeist ; Keating of 
Gormanstown Castle, killed fighting 
against Essex ; the Conways, Youngs, 
and Sails of Cashel ; the M c Craighs of 
Downans and Ballynecourty ; O'Foger- 
tie of Monroe Lististie ; Roche of 
Cranagh ; the Stapletons of Rathlegty 
and Drom ; O'Carran of Burretstown 
Castle ; Moncell of Moglasse ; Moclear 
of Moclearstown ; O'Hiffernan of Kill- 
morie ; Tobin of Poulecapple. Inqui- 
sitions. Tobin of Cumshinagh mar. to 
dau. of Lord Mountgarret ; Prendergast 
of Newcastle. Lodge. 

Gerald Grace, called Marcach or the 
Horseman, of Carney, Co. Tipperary, 
and of Ballylinch and Legan Castles, 
Co. Kilkenny, d. in 1618, and was in- 
terred in Jerpoint Abbey; his mother 
was a dau. of Lord de Decies ; his son, 
Oliver, called Skevach or the Hand- 
some, d. in 1625. Memoirs of Family 
of Grace. 

" See a map of it in Pacata Hibernia. 
'It is a place of greater strength than 



2l6 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Loghmo to the Barronet thereof. 

So this Countie hath Waterford on the South, Limerick 
directlie on the West, Cork South West, Thomond or Shenan 
Northwest, and Lough Degert upon the Sheynan, being in 
length 30 Miles to the North. 

Of this Countie v the most are in Rebellion, especiallie the 
younger Brethern, and all the Dependers, althoughe the eldest 
- keep in shew of obedience. 



any other in this kingdom, and of great 
consequence.' It was besieged and 
taken by Essex in 1599. See descrip- 
tion of the place and siege in Car. Cat., 

P. 32- 

v Carew writes to Mountjoy in 1601 
' I thought good to discover to you 
the distempered state of Tipperary and 
Kilkenny. Keddagh O'Magher hath 
gathered 300 rogues together, and doth 
many outrages. In Osserie the Baron 
of Upper Osserie's nephews are entered 
into rebellion. In Kilkenny the 3 rd son 
of Viscount Mountgarretand some of the 
Graces ransacked that country, and do 
join with Keddaghe O'Magher; and 
lastly 200 men under the leading of T. 
Butler, a bastard son to Sir Edmond 
Butler, are drawing into Tipperary to 
assist Kidagh O'Magher. As this up- 
start rebel is in my Lord of Ormond's 
liberty (who by his good will did never 
like to have her Majesty's forces to inter- 
meddle within his liberty), I have 
written to his Lordship to undertake 
the service, or to leave it to me. The 



poison of rebellion rests nowhere in 
Munster but in my Lord of Ormond's 
country. As long as he liveth I look 
for no good establishment in those 
borders . . . his council about him 
will evermore abuse him, and under 
his authority will give impediments 
to all good proceedings.' Car. Cal., 
102. 

Forces in Tipperary in 1599 The 
Baron of Cahir and James Butler his 
brother, with their followers and depen- 
dencies, 300 f. and 1 2 horse ; the White 
Knight, 400 f. and 30 h. ; Raph Purcell, 
Baron of Loughmey, with his followers, 
200 f. 6 h. ; Cahir M c Shane Glasse 
O'Mulrian, and the rest of the O'Mul- 
rians, 3oof. 60 h. ; Keadaghe O'Magher, 
60 f. 30 h. ; Brian Oge O'Kennedie, 
Hugh O'Kennedie, with the rest of the 
'Kennedies in Ormond, 500 f. 30 h. ; 
Redmund Burke, pretending himself 
Baron of Letrym, and his bonoghs, 
300 f. 20 h. ; William Burke Fitzjohn, 
with the rest of the Burkes of Clan- 
william, 200 f. 4 h. Car. Cal., p. 299. 






THE NOBLEMEN OF IRELAND. 



217 



THE NOBLEMEN* OF IRELAND. 

Gerrot Fitzgerrald Earle of Kildare, Baron of Offallie, his 
eldest Sone is L. Baron of Offallie. The first creation of this 
Earldome was an 1315 9 Edw d . 2 d . b The first Erie of 
Ireland by creation. Sir Thomas Butler knight, L. Butler 
Viscount of Carrick and Gaurane Earle of Ormond and Osserie, 



a ' By conference with certaine gen- 
tlemen attendants on Sir H. Sidney, 
Lord Deputie (who excelleth in that 
knowledge), I tooke notice of the most 
noble English families in Ireland, which 
here ensue with their surnames as they 
stand at this present.' Campion, 1571. 
b One record, that I have scene, 
nameth a Geraldine the first Earle of 
Kildare in anno 1289; but another 
saith there dyed a Geraldine the fourth 
Earl of Kildare in anno 1316. The 
family is touched on in the Sonnet of 
Surrey, made upon Kildare's sister, 
now Lady Clinton 

' From Tuscane came my Ladye's worthy race, 
Fair Florence was sometimes her ancient 

seate ; 
The western Isle, whose pleasant shore doth 

face 

Wilde Cambre's cliffes, did give her lively 
heate. ' Campion. 

William 13* Earl of Kildare was 
drowned in 1599. See supra, p. 46. 
His two base brothers, called ' Bastard 
Geraldines,' were 'in accion' in 1599. 
Car. Cal. 



c Called by the Annals (an. 1560), 
' Thomas, son of James, son of Piers 
Roe, son of James, son of Edmund.' 
O'Sullevan styles him, 'Thomas Butler, 
cognomine Niger.' He was io th Earl 
of Ormond and 3 d Earl of Ossery ; was 
son of the 9 th Earl and of Joan, dau. of 
the n th Earl of Desmond; born in 
1532, and d. in 1614; was brought up 
as ' playmate and bedfellow' of Edward 
VI., distinguished him at the battle of 
Musselburgh, against Wyat as ' Lieu- 
tenant of the horsemen,' against the Scots 
of Ulster, the O'Briens of Thomond, the 
O'Mores ; took the Earle of Desmond pri- 
soner and killed 46 of his captains, 800 
' notorious rebels,' and 4000 of his private 
soldiers, and was Lord High Marshal 
of England, and Captain and Lieutenant 
General of the Army in Ireland. He 
was ' a man of great parts, admirable 
judgment, vast experience and pro- 
digious memory, very comely, and of 
black complexion; he was called by 
the Irish, Dubh or the Black Earl, and 
by Elizabeth, her black husband. The 

2 E 



2l8 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



L. of the Libertie and regalitie of Tipperarie, L. High Treasurer 
of Ireland, and one of the Right Honorable Order of the Garter, 
his Eldest Sone is Viscount Thurles. The Second Earle by 



flower of his country, he kept the 
greatest house, and used the most hos- 
pitality of any in the kingdom, and for 
his valour, wisdom, liberality, and virtue 
was greatly honoured not only in England 
and France, but . . . and was com- 
monly taken by them to be a pattern 
of true honour.' Archdall in note to 
' Lord Mountgarret,' v. 4. 
To him Spenser wrote 

' But where thyself hast thy mansion, 

There indeed dwell faire Graces many one, 

And gentler nimphs, delights of learned wits, 
And in thy person without Paragon 

All goodly bounty and true honour sits.' 

This ' true honour ' shines in his letter 
to Burghley, who proposed to him a 
way of capturing Desmond by treachery. 
' My Lord, I wol never use trechery to 
any, for it wol both toche her highness' 
honor to moch, and myne owne credit, 
and who so ever gave the Queene ad- 
vise this to write is fitter to execute 
such base sarvice than I am. Saving 
my dutye to her Majestic, I wold I wears 
to have revenge by my sword of any man 
that thus fersuadeth the Queene to wryte 
to me.' See Life of Mac Carthy Mor, 
p. 329. 

When Elizabeth asked him to use his 
intimacy with Hugh O'Neill to entrap 
him, he wrote to Burghley 'I have 
been employed by her Ma tie in manie 
services ... all which (I thank God) 
I have performed without using u- 



honest or filthy practices; if my thanks 
shall be to be put to execute trechery, 
my fortune is bad, and the service much 
better for such as devised the same, 
than for me, that never had, thank 
God, a thought of any such matter. I 
protest before God, etc.' See 'The 
Taking of the Earl of Ormond' in 
Kilk. Jour, of Arch. 

Davis writes in 1606 ' My Lord of 
Ormond hath lain at Carrick ever 
since his last weakness, because the 
feast of St. George fell out on the Easter 
holidays. I was not suffered in any wise 
to depart until I had seen him do honor 
to that day. He was not able to sit 
up, but had his robes laid upon his 
bed, as the manner is. 'Car. Cat., 477. 

Sir Bernard Burke says, this Black 
Earl ' was the first of his family who 
conformed to the Church of England;' 
however, he was a Catholic for the last 
nine years of his life. About the 29th 
of Nov. 1604, two Jesuits of his county 
palatine were with him (cum languente 
Comite) ; they were Fathers Walter 
Wale and Bryan O'Kearney, of 'the 
devilish clergy of Tipperary'; in April 
1605 Fr. Wale alone was with him, as 
all obstacles had been broken down 
' non sine totius Hiberniae gandio.' In 
October it was announced that Fr. 
Wale had gained the sick Earl to God 
some months previously ; and in June 
1606, he could not be used for general 



*.. 






THE NOBLEMEN OF IRELAND. 



219 



creation but first by his place of Tresurership his first Creation 
was 1327 an e I st Edw d . 3 d . 

The Earle of Desmond 3 created the same year, his name 



missionary work 'quod principi cui- 
dam viro sit necessarius.' Fr. Wale's 
companion and uncle, O'Kearney, wrote 
thirty discourses (Triginta Discursus) 
on the death of this Earl, which were 
preserved in MS. in the Archives of 
the Gesu, Rome. Letters (penes me) 
of Fathers Hollywood, O'Kearney, and 
Wise, written in 1605 and 1606 to 
their Father-General Acquaviva. O'Sul- 
levan's Historia, Dr. Lynch's Alithino- 
logia, and Hibcrnid Dominicana, mention 
his conforming to the Catholic Church. 

d The following were the children 
of Gerald the 15"' Earl of Desmond, 
who was slain in 1583, and whose 
lands of 800,000 acres were divided 
among English adventurers 1 James 
the 16 th Earl (the Queen's Earl) who 
died in 1601 ; 2 Thomas; 3 Margaret 
m. to Dermod O'Connor of Connaught; 
4 Joane m. to Dermod O'Sullevan 
Bere ; 5 Catherine m. i st to Viscount 
Fermoy, 2 dly to Sir Donel O'Brien ; 
6 Ellen m. i st to Sir Donogh O'Connor 
Sligo, 2 d to Sir R. Cressy, 3 rd to Ed- 
mond Lord Dunboyne, she died in 
1660. Their mother, the Countess, 
was a daughter of Lord Dunboyne; she 
re-married with Sir Donogh O'Connor 
Sligo, and died in 1636. 

Their uncle, Sir Thomas Roe, had 
been recognized as 15* Earl by the 
Government, but was ousted by his step- 



brother, Gerald. Sir Thomas had i 
a son James, who was elected and by 
right 1 6"' Earl in 1598; he was the 
Sugdn Earl. He mar. first a d. of 
Lord Cahir, secondly a d. of Lord 
Power ; 2 a son of Gerald, a Count in 
Spain; 3 John, living in Spain in 1615 
as Conde de Desmond ; his wife was a 
daughter of Comerford of Danganmore ; 
his son Gerald was Conde de Desmond, 
and was killed in Germany in 1632. 
4 Ada m. to Donogh, second son 
of the 7 th Mac Carthy Reagh ; 5 
Margaret m. to the 8 th M c Carthy 
Reagh. 

James Paderagh, illegitimate son of 
the i5 th Earl of Desmond, mar. a d. of 
Wall of Culnamuc, and had four sons, 
Maurice, James, John, and Maurice 
Fitzjohn, who were all living in the 
year 1598. 'Unpublished Geraldine 
Documents,' Kilk. Jour, of Arch. 

James FitzThomas was rightful Earl 
of Desmond in 1598. In 1598 he 
wrote ' To my very good Lo. and 
Cosen the Erie of Ormond I have 
be'n in England from my Father claim- 
ing his inheritance of the House of 
Desmond, which is manifestlie known 
to be his righte ; Her Matye promised to 
do me justice upon the decease of my 
uncle, who was then in accion. Ever 
since my uncle's decease I could gett 
no hearinge concerning my inheritance 



22O 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Fitzgerrald, his hous extinct, his Sone is Viscount Desmond. 
Richard Burk Erie of Clonrickard and Baron of Dunkellyn, 



of the Earldome of Desmond, but have 
bestowed the same upon divers under- 
takers to disinherite me for ever . . . 
seeing no other remedie, I will follow 
by all means I may to maintain my 
right, trusting in the Almightie to fur- 
ther the same.' Life of McCarthy Mor, 
p. 177. 

He writes to the King of Spain in 
1599 'I have drawen the sword for 
the recovery, first of Christ's Catholike 
religion, and next for the maintenance 
of my owne right, wrongfully detained 
from me and my father who was lawfull 
heir to the Earldome of Desmond ; for 
he was the eldest sonne to James my 
grandfather, who was Earle of Desmond; 
and for that Uncle Gerald (being the 
younger brother) usurped the name of 
the Earle of Desmond in my father's 
true title,' and being ' annoyed by the 
wicked English-prosecuted wars, was 
slaine and his country planted with 
Englishmen.' Pac. Hib., p. 253. 

This James MThomas and his father 
sided with the English against ' uncle 
Gerald,' were the rightful owners ac- 
cording to English (though not by 
Brehon) law of 800,000 acres of land 
which the English undertakers had 
seized on, and consequently they must 
have been 'usurping and titulary Earls,' 
and they were 'extinct,' to use the word 
of our MS. 

Carew writes to Elizabeth, June 3, 



1 60 1 ' I thank God for it, I now have 
at length, by means of the White 
Knight, gotten into my hands the bodie 
of James FitzThomas, that Archtraytour 
and usurping Earle, whom for a present 
I will send to your Majestic with the 
bestconveniencieand safetie I mayfind.' 
He was (says Carew, or his Secretary) 
within one year before his apprehen- 
sion the most mightie and potent 
Geraldine that had been of any of the 
Earles of Desmond his predecessors . . . 
he had 8000 men well armed at one 
time. Pac. ffib., p. 250. 

The son of ' uncle Gerald ' wrote to 
Cecil from the Tower' I am yong, yet 
olde in miserye ; I have never, since 
my infancy, breathed out of prison.' 
He was physicked frightfully at the 
expense of the Government perhaps 
to carry off the Geraldine poison out 
of his system. See the bill for ' boluses, 
juleps, glisters,' etc., in Life of M'Car- 
thy Mor, p. 488. He was sent from 
the Tower to Ireland as Earl, set up 
against James M c Thomas. However, 
some about Elizabeth said ' Yea, but 
he maie proove a rebell hearafter;' 
and Cecil says to Carew 'Whensoever 
you fynd any cause toe doubt him, 
never feare to laie holde of him ... he 
will never much lyke an Irish lyfe, for 
he is tender and sicklye, but time will 
shewe.' 

He reached Kilmallock on a Satur- 



THE NOBLEMEN OF IRELAND. 



221 



his Eldest Sone is Baron of Dunkellyn' created by K. H. 8 th . 
Donogh O'Bryan f Erie of Thomond and Baron of Ibrackan, 
his Eldest Sone is Baron of Ibrackan, created 1550 an i 
Edw. 6 th . 



day; the people crowded round him. 
' Although he had a guard of soldiers 
which made a lane for him, the con- 
fluence was so great as he could hardly 
make his passage. The next day he 
went to church, and all the way his 
countrey people used loud and rude 
dehortations to keep h*im from church 
... he was railed at and spet upon, 
and thenceforward would walke as 
little regarded as any private gentle- 
man ... his Religion bred this coynesse 
in them all, if he had been a Romish 
Catholike, the hearts and knees of all 
degrees in the Province would have 
bowed to him.' Pac. Hib., p. 163. 

e Ulick, 3 rd Earl of Clanrickard, m. a 
dau. of Burke of Tullyra. He d. in 
1 60 1. His son John was made Vis- 
count Burke of Clanmories; his son 
Edmund of Kilcornan was ancestor of 
the Redingtons of Kilcornan, and of 
the Burkes of Greenfield, Co. Galway. 

This Ulick, son of Richard, son of 
Ulick of the Heads, was sedate and 
just judging, of a mild, august and 
chief-becoming countenance, affable in 
conversation, gentle towards the people 
of his territory, fierce to his neighbours, 
and impartial in all his decisions ; he 
had never been known to act a feeble 
part on the field of danger from the day 



he had first taken up arms. Annals, 
1 60 1. His son and heir, 'Richard of ' 
Kinsale,' so called for haying contri- 
buted more than any one to the 
English victory at Kinsale, m. the 
widow of Essex ; he became Earl of 
St. Albans. He killed an English ; 
nobleman in a duel for speaking dis- 
paragingly of Ireland, and he would 
have been killed himself had he not a 
reliquary on his breast, given him by 
the Jesuit, Fr. Gerard.- See Fr. Ger- 
arifs Narrative. See ' Earl Ulick's 
Tailor's Bill of the year 1578,' in KM. 
Jour, of Arch. 

f Donogh O'Brien, 4* Earl of Tho- 
mond, called the Great Earl, a person 
of distinguished courage, conduct, 
loyalty, and worth, highly-esteemed by 
Elizabeth and James I. He was 
brought up at Court, and was of the 
Privy Council to both these Princes; 
had a principal share in the victory of 
Kinsale, and in 1605 was made Presi- 
dent and Commander-in-Chief of 
Munster. He d. in 1624; by his first 
wife, a dau. of Lord Fermoy, he had a 
dau. who was married to Cormac 
McCarthy, heir of Lord Muskerry ; by 
his 2 d wife, a dau. of the i I th Earl of 
Kildare, he had Henry and Bryan, 
successive Earls of Thomond. 



222 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Erie of Cloncare baron of valentia, created by this Quene 
1565; his Erldome extinct for want of Issue male, his name was 
M c Cartie. s 



Teig, a brother of Donogh, was long 
imprisoned in Limerick, but escaped. 
In 1599 he was committed to prison 
by his brother, but escaped again, and, 
with the O'Briens, M'Namaras, etc., 
had 600 f. and 50 h. serving against 
Elizabeth. He had three sons, of 
whom Turlogh lived at Ballyslattery. 
His sons-in-law were the i8 th Lord 
Kerry, 2 d Lord Dunboyne, and Tur- 
logh Roe M c Mahon. 

The Earl's brother, Daniel of Moy- 
artie and Carrighychoulta, received 
many wounds in the wars of Ireland, 
for which he was knighted and received 
considerable grants of lands in Clare, 
and particularly those of Teig Reagh 
M c Mahon of Thomond. He lived to 
see the Restoration of Charles II. ; and 
for his own services and those of his 
children at home and abroad, was 
created Viscount Clare in 1662. He 
mar. a dau. of the i6 th Earl of Des- 
mond. His descendant, Lord Clare, 
received nine wounds at the head of his 
famous dragoons, fighting for the French 
at Ramillies in 1706. See Lodge. 

Florence McCarthy says of Lord 
Thomond in a letter to Carew ' Com- 
mend me to the Great Boar of Thomond. ' 
Lord Hunsden praises him for his 
' true nobleness of character.' How- 
ever, he kept his brother Teig in prison 
in Limerick, though the following went 



security for him, and Mountjoy thought 
them sufficient, viz., the Lord Bishop 
of Killalowe, the Lord Burke of Castle- 
connell, Turlogh Roe MMahound of 
Clonderralagh, Lord Thomond's 
brother-in-law. That my Lord of Tho- 
mond refuseth to join with you in 
setting him at liberty argueth, in my 
conceipt, a desire in his Lordship to 
carry a more hard hand towards his 
brother than the State may in course 
of justice suffer ... his son shall re- 
main a pledge, for which purpose I 
have written to the Council at Dublin. 
Mountjoy in Car. Cal. 

K ' Onora, Countess of Cloncar, was 
wife, sister and daughter of an Earl, 
ever of verye modest and good de- 
meanure, though matched with one 
most disorderlye and dissolute.' Sir 
W. Herbert's Letter, an. 1 5 8 8. M' Car- 
thy Mdr, p. 45. The Earl of Clancar 
d. in 1596. ' Donal, son of Donal, son 
of Cormac, son of Teig, usually styled 
Mac Carthy Mdr. His only child 
Ellen mar. Fineen, son of McCarthy 
Reagh, and all thought he was the heir 
of Donal McCarthy Mdr.' Annals. 
This Earl was an Irish poet, and wrote 
some pious things ; but his life was not 
edifying, it seems. His base son Donal 
claimed to be M c Carthy Mdr, and was 
so recognized until Tyrone got Florence 
M c Carthy elected. See under Kerry 



THE NOBLEMEN OF IRELAND. 



223 



Rorie Erie of Tyrconnell, h created an e i. 

Hugh O'Neall Erie of Tyrone baron of Dunganon, created 
Erie An 1586; his eldest Sone is baron of Dunganon. He 
chalenged the Earldome from his Grandfather, Con O'Neall, 
whom K. H. 8 created Earle of Tiron, restrayning his authority 
within the Countie of Tyrone, which was afore spread through- 
out the most part of Ulster. This Con had divers Sones 
Legittimat, and one Illegitimate named Mathew, who was for 
many years reputed to be the Sone of one Kelly of Dundalk a 
Smyth ; But the Woman, which was Wife to this Smyth, and 
mother to the foresaid Mathew, at her departure confessed to a 
Priest (as then the manner was), and Swore the Same before 



and Cork. ' A dower was given to the 
Countess, in 1598, of athird of the late 
Earl's castles,' etc. In 1598 Norreys 
wrote ' The base son of the Earl 
opposeth himself to Darby M c O\ven 
McCarthy for the Earldom ; but they 
agree both to be Traitors to her Matye.' 

The Bastard was a dashing soldier, 
' the Munster Robin Hood,' the terror 
of the undertakers; was secretly en- 
couraged by his father. He and the 
Earl of Desmond with 2500 men 
attacked Essex near Adare, and made 
Munster too hot for him. See O'Sul- 
lei'dris Historic!, and the Life of M'Car- 
thy Mor for an account of this Donal. 

h ' The King to the Lieutenant of 
Ireland, Sep. 4 1603 To grant to 
Rorie O'Donnell and heirs male of his 
body the Co. of Tirconnell, with re- 
mainders to his brother Cafferie O'Don- 
nell, and his cousin Donel Oge 
M c Donel O'Donell . . Rorie O'D. to 



renounce all claims upon Sir Cahir 
O'Doherty's and O'Conor Sligo's coun- 
try, and to be raised to the dignity of 
Earl of Tirconnell in tail male, with 
remainders of like estate to his brother, 
Caffery O'D.' Car. Cal., p. 80. 

He left Ireland with Tyrone, and d. 
in Rome, where his tomb is to be seen 
in the Church of St. Peter in Montorio. 
' He was a brave, protecting, warlike 
man, and had often bear, in the gap of 
danger with his brother Red Hugh. 
He was a generous and truly hospitable 
lord, to whom the patrimony of his 
ancestors did not seem anything for his 
spending and feasting parties; he did 
not place his affections on wealth and 
jewels, but distributed them among 
those who needed them, whether mighty 
or feeble.' He died in Rome on the 
28th of July 1608, 'after exemplary 
penance,' etc. Annals. After the 
battle of Kinsale he commanded his 



224 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Witnesses, that her Sone Mathew, reputed to be the Smythes 
Sone, was the Sone of Con Oneall, whereupon Con O'Neall 
accepted of him as of his Sone, and adopted him into the Familie 
and name of O'Nealls, to whom his pretended Father procured 
from H. 8 Legittimation, and being elder than the Ligittimat 
Children, was preferred to them in Succession to the Earldome, 
and made baron of Dunganon. But the Legittimat disdayning 
that a bastard should be preferred to them, conspired against 
him and Slue him, The eldest of whom, named Shane O'Neall, 
usurped the Authoritie and Title of O'Neall, and kept it during 
his Life, whom Quene Eliz. continuallie did prosecute to have 
placed this man as Successor to his Grand Father, which at 
Length she performed, and was for her princelie favor verie 
unworthily by him requited. 



VISCOUNTS. 

S r James Barrhy, k L. Barrhy, baron of Ibaun, Viscouut 
Buttevant. 

brother's followers. He was a bold ' See under the Co, of Tyrone, and 
and dexterous swordsman, as his brave in the Introduction, some account of 
cousin and enemy, Nial Garve (himself this ' Archrebel,' Hugh of Tyrone. 
' vir animo magno et audaci,') had k ' The Barry Mdr, who was in cap- 
reason to know. O ' Snllevan, p. 220, tivity in Dublin, d. in 1581 ; he was of 
describes an extraordinary fight be- the true stock of the Barry Roes, yet 
tween him and two horsemen on one had in the beginning no hope of ob- 
side, and 8 English foot on the other, taining even the title of Barry Roe. 
He slew all the English, and for a long But God bestowed upon him the chief- 
time he fought with their brave leader, tainship both of Barry Maol and Barry 
and, not being able to pierce his corse- Roe, and he was elected chief over the 
let, he held him under water till he sept of Barry Mdr when the true heirs 
drowned him. of that chieftainship became extinct. 



THE NOBLEMEN OF IRELAND. 



225 



Sir David de la Rup, L. Roch, Baron of Poulescastle, Viscount 

of Armoy. 1 
Christofer Preston, L: Baron and Viscount of Gormanstone." 1 



His son David was afterwards called 
' The Barry ' by the Earl of Desmond, 
and his second son was lord over the 
Barry Roes." Annals, p. 1753. 

He was first on the side of the 
Desmonds; but he flung himself on the 
English side afterwards. He was a 
deadly enemy of Florence McCarthy, 
in whose 'Life' will be found many 
letters of Barry's. 

This David Fitzjames Barry Vis- 
count Buttevant and Barrymore, suc- 
ceeded his father in 1581 ; his eldest 
brother was deaf and dumb, and died 
in 1622; his brother William lived at 
Lislee; his three sisters were m. to 
Viscount Fermoy, O'Sullevan Beare, 
and Condon of Ballymac-Patrick. In 
1599 Lord Buttevant, that his brother 
John might be subject to the Crown of 
England, gave him and his heirs male 
the manors, castles, etc., of Liscarroll, 
Ballymacow, etc. He d. at Barry's 
Court in 1617. His son David mar. a 
d. of Lord Poer; his sons-in-law were 
Gerald FitzGerald of the Decies, 
Browne of Mulranken in Wexford, John 
son of Lord Poer, Thomas Earl of 
Ormond, Tobin of Cumshinagh, Co. 
Tipperary, and Sir J. FitzGerald of 
Ballymaloe, Co. of Cork. Lodge. 

1 Reete Fermoy. ' As for the Lord 
Roche, if I have any judgment in me, 
I do not think any nobleman within 



the province of Munster to be more 
assured to the Crown of England, 
which all his actions do manifest; for I 
have not the company of any one of his 
rank so much as of himself; and there- 
fore the Viscount is much wronged.' 
Carew in 1602; Car. Cat., p. 409. 

Carew wrote in 1600, that 'he was 
only in personal show a subject.' 

However, his base sons became 
'Robin Hoods' in 1597. 'L. Roche 
that now is (1588) hath mar. the syster 
of Finyan M'Carthy's mother, by which 
kindred Finyan is strongly allied. By 
her, who was a syster of James Fitz- 
Morris, he had a son, and a dau. mar. 
to M c Donoghe Lord of Dowalla.' St. 
Leger's Letter in Life ofMacCarthy Mbr. 

'The Roche, i.e., Maurice son of 
David, d. in 1600, a mild and comely 
man, learned in the Latin, Irish, and 
English languages. His son David 
took his place.'- Annals, p. 2187. 

The castle at Castletown Roche was 
the chief seat of Roche. There is (or 
was) a stone near the parish church 
with the inscription ' Orate pro bono 
statu Domini Maurici Roche Vicecomes 
de Fermoy et Dominae Elionoriae 
Mauricii et pro anima ejus Anno 
Domini 1585.'- Parl. Gaz. of Ireland, 
under Castletown Roche. 

m 'Whereunto is lately annexed the 
Barony of Loundres, their ancestor, 

2 F 



226 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



S r Richard Butler," Viscount of Mountgerat. 

S r Morrice Fitzgerrald, Viscount Dessie and baron of Dromane, 

extinct without Issue male. 
Eustace, Viscount of Baltinglas and L: of Kilcullen, extinct by 

attainder. 11 



LORDS. 
Lord Bremingham, q Baron of Athenrie. 



then Chief Baron of the Exchequer, 
was made Knight in the field by Lionel 
Duke of Clarence, Lieutenant of Ire- 
land.' Campion. Christopher was the 
4 th Viscount, and succeeded in 1559, 
and was succeeded by Jenico, whose 
brother Thomas was created Viscount 
Tara. 'Young Viscount Gormanston 
was committed to the Castle in 1605 
for contriving with Sir P. Barnwall and 
others a Petition of the Pale in favour 
of freedom of religion. His brother 
was an officer in Tyrone's Regiment in 
the Netherlands.' Car. Cal. 

" See supra, p. 67. 

Edmund 2 d Viscount Mountgarrett 
m. a dau. of the i st Baron of Upper 
Ossory; in the Parliament of 1559 he 
represented Carlow; in 1602 he was 
buried in Kilkenny Cathedral ; he had 
8 sons and 8 daughters. 

Richard, his son and successor, 
was 20 years old in 1598, when he 
sided with O'Neil, his father-in-law ; he 
joined the Confederates in 1642, and 



died in 1652, and though dead was 
exempted by Cromwell's Act of Par- 
liament from pardon for life or estate. 
He lies buried under a handsome 
monument in the Chancel of St Canice. 
He had 3 sons and 5 daughters. 

His brother Theobald of Tynehinch 
m. a dau. of FitzGerald of Queen's Co. ; 
his sisters were m. to Walter Earl of 
Ormond ; Shee of Upper Court ; Mor- 
gan M c Bryan Cavanagh, Chief of the 
Sept, called Sleight Dermot, of Polo- 
monty in Carlow; to O'Connor; to 
Baton of Kilmodalin in Kilkenny; to 
O. Grace of Carney in Tipperary, son 
and heir to Gerald Grace of Liegan ; to 
Viscount Galway ; to O'Farrell of Ballin- 
tobber, son of O'Farrell Bane of the 
Annaly. Archdall. 

The Keep of Mountgarrett's castle, in 
Wexford, near New Ross, is still in a 
tolerable state of preservation. 

See supra ' Waterford," p. 160. 

p See supra, p. 45. 

q Now degenerate and become meere 



THE NOBLEMEN OF IRELAND. 



227 



Fleming" baron of Slaine. 

Plunket 5 baron of Killeyne. 

S r Christofer Nugent,' Baron of Delvin. 

S r Christofer S'- Laurence," L: of Hoth. 



Irishe, against whom his ancestors 
served valiantlyin An. 1300. Campion. 

Edmund, 15* Baron, sat as the 
auntientest Baron of Ireland in the Par- 
liament of 1585. He mar. a sister to 
Sir Roger O'Shaghnessie, and had three 
sons, Richard, Meyler uy, and 
Thomas Duffe. 

Richard the i6 th Baron, born in 
1570, died in 1635, and was buried in 
the Abbey of Athenry. The 2 2 d Baron 
lived at Turlovaughan, near Tuam, in 
the year 1754. 

Meyler Buy Bermingham of Con- 
nagher got from his brother, the i6 th 
Baron, in 1595, Dalgan and other lands 
in the Barony of Dunmore. He m. a 
dau. of Mac Jordan of Tobrachan, in 
Mayo, and had 7 sons. Thomas Duffe 
B. mar. a dau. of Burke of Clochrooke. 
ArchdalPs Lodge. 

' A Lord Slane betrayed Archbishop 
O'Hurley circ. 1584; in 1597 a Lord 
Slane sent to the Lord Deputy the heads 
of two rebels; in 1605 a L. Slane 
signed the ' Petition of the Papists of 
the Pale.' See Car. Cal., an. 1597 
and Cal. of S. Papers, 1605. 

s 'This family came of the Danes, 
whereof they have as yet special monu- 
ments.' Campion. Christopher, 9* 
Lord of Killeen, mar. a sister of Dillon, 
i st Earl of Roscommon; in 1598 he 



was made ' Knight Marshall of the 
Camp;' he d. in 1613, leaving Lucas 
Mdr, I st Earl of Fingal; Patrick, Catho- 
lic Bishop of Meath, who d. in 1679 ; 
and Nicholas, a lawyer. Lodge, under 
Lord Dunsany. 

Christopher, 9 th Baron, was made 
Captain of Slewght William in Annaly 
in 1565; was ordered in 1567 to help to 
extirpate the O' Mores, sons of Ferrass 
M c Rosse, and to lead in person 150 
kerne, 10 horsemen, and 50 boys of his 
own choice; in 1580 was sent a prisoner 
to the Tower on suspicion of corres- 
pondence with the Leinster Insurgents ; 
in 1593 brought 20 horsemen to the 
hosting at Tara, with the Nugents, his 
kinsmen. For his ' valorous services ' 
he got, in 1597, forfeited lands in 
Longford and Cavan. He had m. 
Mary, dau. of the i i th Earl of Kildare, 
by whom he had six sons and six 
daughters. He died in Aug. 1602. 
Lodge. He d. a prisoner in Dublin 
Castle, to which he was committed on 
a charge of having assisted Tyrone. 
His son was first Earl of Westmeath, 
about whom consult Fr. Afeehan's 
flight of the Earls. 

" Rede Sir Nicholas, the father of 
Christopher. He was the 2i st Lord, 
who d. in 1606 ; he brought 6 archers 
on horseback for Howth, and i for 



228 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



O'Bryan, v baron of Inchequyn. 
Barnwall, w Baron of Tribleston. 
Butler," Baron of Caer. 



Killester, to the hosting at Tara. His 
son Christopher, 22 d Baron, served 
as a colonel of foot under Essex and 
Mount] oy. Camden tells us that this 
Christopher was one of the friends who 
accompanied Essex on his visit to 
Nonsuch, and that he offered to kill 
Lord Grey, an enemy of Essex, and 
then to kill Cecil at the Queen's Court. 
See The Flight of the Earls for a 
sketch of this nobleman's career. 

v Dermot, 5* Baron, was 4 years old 
in 1598. His son Morogh became 
famous as Earl of Inchiquin ; his father, 
Morogh, was slain in 1597 by O'Don- 
nell's soldiers, while trying with the 
English army to cross the Erne. He 
was, by order of O'Donnell and the 
Catholic Bishops of Derry and Raphoe, 
buried with reverence and honour in 
the Franciscan Monastery of Donegal, 
having been previously buried by the 
Cistercians in their Monastery of As- 
seroe the reason was that the Baron's 
ancestors had been buried in the Fran- 
ciscan Monastery in his country. 
Annals, pp. 2027, 2047. 

Dermot mar. a dau. of Sir Edmund 
FitzEdmond of Cloyne. In the Life 
of Lady Falkland, whose husband was 
Lord Deputy in 1622, I find that, 'In 
Ireland she grew acquainted with .my 
Lord of Inchiquin, an exceeding good 
Catholic, and the first (at least knowing 
one) she had yet met. She highly 



esteemed him for his wit, learning, and 
judgment, though he were but about 
nine-and-twenty years old when he died. 
Her Lord did the same, admiring him 
much as a man of so sincere and 
upright a conscience, that he seemed to 
look on whatever was not lawful as not 
possible ; he did somewhat shake her 
supposed security in esteeming it law- 
ful to continue as she was.' Life of Lady 
Falkland, p. 23. 

w Peter, 6 th Baron of Trimlestown, d. 
on Good Friday 1598 ; his mother was a 
dau. of Taylor of Swords ; by his wife, 
a sister of Lord Delvin's, he had a son 
Robert, the 7 lh Lord, who was 24 years 
old in 1598, and mar. to Miss Talbot 
of Dardistown. Peter, in his will, left 
;io to be divided among poor priests 
and friars, and 40.5-. to Bishop Brady. 
Sir P. Barnwall of Turvey, Dublin, was 
one of a family of 1 8 children ; his wife 
was a sister of Marshal Bagnal ; his son 
became I st Viscount Kingsland ; his 
sisters were wives of Lords Dunsany, 
Roscommon, and Howth ; of the 
Knights Fitzgerald of Tecroghan, 
Draicot of Mornington, and Masterson 
of Ferns, of Thomas and John Finglas 
of Westpalston, Stanihurst of Corduff, 
Delahyde of Moyglare, and R. Beling. 
See Lodge, vol. 5, p. 46. See the 
curious Barnewall monument in Lusk. 

* ' Theobald Butler, Lord of Cahair- 
Duna-Iascaigh and Trian-chluana-meala 



THE NOBLEMEN OF IRELAND. 



229 



Courcy/ L: Courcy. 

L. Burke z of Castle-conell. 



(Cahir and Clonmel-third), d. in 1596 ; 
a bounteous man, he had the largest 
collection of poetical compositions of 
almost all the old English of Ireland ; 
his son Thomas took his place.' An- 
nals, p. 1997. The sisters of Thomas, 
4 th Baron, were mar. to Butler of Bally- 
boe and Sir Cormac M c Carthy of 
Blarney ; his brother James Galdie was 
engaged in the risings of 1598 and 
1641 ; his castle of Cahir was besieged 
and taken by Essex. He mar. a sister 
of Lord Mountgarrett. Lodge, vol. 6, 
p. 219. His brother Edmund lived at 
Cloghcully. 

' Mr. Piers Butler of Knock-in-anama, 
w ch is his chefe house. He is son to 
the Lo: of Caher, and brother to the 
Lo. of Caher that now is ; his liveing 
stands in the com of Tipperary, nere 
the towne of Clounmell.' Florence 
McCarthy; see his Life. He was 
deeply concerned in the rising of 1598, 
and Carew was anxious to seize his 
person and his castle. 

y ' Curcy, Baron of Ringrone, now 
reduced by the fluctuation of human 
affairs. ' Camden. 

Gerald de Courcy, 17 th Baron of 
Kinsale, son of the i6 th Lord, and Seive, 
dau. of MacCarthy of Dowallagh, suc- 
ceeded in 1535; at the siege of Boulogne 
he commanded an Irish Regiment 
under Henry 8, and for his bravery was 
knighted by the King on the field, 
under the Royal Standard displayed, 



the most distinguished manner of 
receiving Knighthood ; but by his 
great expenses in serving the Crown 
he considerably lessened his estate. 
He died at a very advanced age in 
1599; his wife was dau. of Cormac 
M c Donogh McCarthy of Carbery; Mary, 
his only child, m. Donogh O'DriscoL 

John, 1 8 th Baron of Kinsale (was 
son of Edmond Oge of Kilnaclone, and 
his wife, dau. of Dermod M c Teig 
O'Hurley, Chief of his Sept), succeeded 
in 1599 ; fought on the English side at 
Kinsale ; m. a dau. of O'Cruley of 
Carbery, Chief of his Sept ; and he died 
in 1628, and was buried in the Abbey 
of Timoleague. Lodge. 

1 In 1591 Lord Castleconnell was 
slain. 
John Bourke, Lord Castleconnell, was basely 

slain 

By Captain Arnold Crosby, for they twain 
Resolved to fight ; but Crosby stops, demurs 
Prays Castleconnell to take off his spurs, 
And as he stooped, yielding to his request, 
Crosby roost basely stabbed him in the breast; 
Gave twenty-one, all dreadful wounds base 

act! 

And Crosby's only hanged for the horrid fact. 
Davis's Annals of Limerick, quoted 
by Mr. Lenihan, p. 121. 

' In the days that Essex was storming 
Cahir-Duine-Iasaigh (1599), Sir T. 
Norris came to Kilmallock, and was 
in the practice of scouring the hills of 
Limerick every other day to see whether 
he could kill or capture any enemies. 
He fell in, near Kilteely, with Thomas 



230 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Eustace 33 Viscount of Baltinglas and L. of Kilcollen, 

extinct by attainder. 
Patrick Fitzgerrald bb baron of Lixsnaw. 
MKilpatrick cc baron of upper Ossyry. 



Burke, son of Theobald, son of William, 
son of Edmond of Castleconnell, neither 
being in search of the other. Thomas 
was on horseback at the head of 100 
Irish foot ; he was attacked by Norris, 
who slew 20 of his people, but Norris 
was mortally wounded. 

' Dermot O'Connor led some of 
O'Neill's soldiers into Munster in 1600. 
When the Baron of Castleconnell 
(Richard, son of Theobald, etc.), heard 
of Dermot's arrival in Owney and 
Clanwilliam, he and his brother Thomas 
mustered horse and foot of his own and 
the Queen's people, and fought Der- 
mot from the Monastery of Owney to 
the bridge of Bun-briste. As the Baron 
and his brother advanced with pride 
across the bridge of Bunbriste in front 
of their own forces, they were put to 
the sword. A cause of lamentation; 
for though they were young they were 
manly in renown and noble deeds.' 
Annals, pp. 2115, 2145. 

* Vide supra note p . 

bb ' Mac Maurice of Kerry, i.e., Pa- 
trickin, son of Thomas, d. in 1600, in 
the prime of life, after having joined 
the Earl of Desmond in the war. It 
was a cause of lamentation that a man 
of his personal form, blood, and hos- 
pitality should thus die in his youth ; his 
son Thomas took his place. Patrickin 



in 1590 succeeded his father, who was 
the best purchaser of wine, horses, and 
literary works of any of his wealth at 
that time.' Annals, pp. 1893, 2177. 

This Patrickin, 17 th Lord Kerry, was 
b. in 1541 ; was sent as a hostage to 
Queen Mary ; bred at the English Court, 
was favoured by Elizabeth, but getting 
leave to see his father in 1561, he took 
up arms against the English ; in 1599 
he was at the head of 500 foot and 30 
h. He died of grief at seeing the 
English take one of his castles, and he 
was buried with his uncle, Donal Earl 
of Clancarre, in the Franciscan Friery 
of Irrinlagh. By his wife, dau. of Lord 
Fermoy, he had 3 sons and 2 dau. ; the 
daughters were m. to O'Sullevan Mor 
and the son of M c Carthy Mor. His 
son Thomas, born in 1574, mar. a sister 
of the Earl of Thomond; at his father's 
death was promised pardon on con- 
dition that he would perform such 
service as would deserve them, but he 
absolutely refused, because 'it stood 
not with his conscience;' after that he 
retired to the North, and came to Kin- 
sale as a commander in O'Donnell's 
army. After the defeat of Kinsale, he 
was beaten out of his castle of Lixnaw. 
He was pardoned by King James, and 
in 1630 d. and was buried in the 
Chapel and Tomb of St. Cormac 



THE NOBLEMEN OF IRELAND. 



231 



Plunket L: Baron drt of Dunsany. 
Butler" Baron of Dunboyne. 
L. Power Baron ff of Corraghmore. 
Plunket L. Baron of Louth. gg 



M c Cullenan. He was married, first to a 
dau. of the Earl of Thomond, 2 ly to a 
dau. of Lord Poer of Curraghmore ; and 
he had 7 sons and 4 daughters. 
Lodge. 

cc See p. 79. He succeeded as 3 rd 
Baron in 1581 ; he m. a dau. of Patrick 
O'More of Leix, head of that Sept, or, 
as some say, a dau. of Ruary O'More, 
and had issue 5 sons and 2 daughters. 
His sons were, i Teig, who m. a dau. 
of Sir E. Butler of Tullow ; 2 John of 
Castletown ; 3 Geoffry of Ballyraghin, 
m. to a dau. of Fergus Farrell of Tene- 
lick, in the Co. of Longford, who was 
widow of Sir J. O'Reilly ; 4 Bryan of 
Water Castle; 5 Edmund of Castle 
Fleming. His dau. Catherine m. (in 
1592) Eustace of Newland, in Kildare; 
and his dau. Joan m. the heir of Lord 
Dunboyne. 

dd Patrick, 7* Lord, 'a person of 
learning, and a patron of learning and 
learned men.' Stany hurst. In 1601 
he commanded a company of Irish in 
English pay; took away 1600 cows 
from M c Mahon, but being attacked by 
140 men, he lost the prey and 50 men, 
'but not one good subject.' His wife 
was * i I th dau. of Sir C. Barnwall. 
Lodge. 

ee James, 2 nd Lord by his first wife, 
a dau. of Lord Upper Ossory, he had 



5 sons and 3 daughters ; by his z d wife 
(a dau. of Lord Thomond), he had 6 
sons and 3 daughters. 

" Richard, Lord Poer, mar. to a dau. 
of Lord Buttevant, d. in 1607; his son 
and heir was killed by the White 
Knight His father, whose wife was a 
dau. of the 15 th Lord Desmond, was 
thus spoken of by Sir H. Sydney in 

1575: 

' I lodged at Corraghmore, the house 
that the Lord Power is Baron of, where 
I was so used with such plenty and 
good order entertained (as adding to 
the quiet of all the country adjoining, 
by the same people called the Power 
Country), it may well be compared 
with the best ordered country in the 
English Pale. And the lord of the 
country, though he be of scope of 
ground a far less territory than his 
neighbour is, yet he lives in shew far 
more honourably and plentifully than 
he or any other whatsoever he be of 
his calling that lives in this province.' 

gK ' On the western face of the Barons- 
town Cross, beneath a figure of St. 
Patrick, we read " I pray you, St. 
Patrick, pray for the soules of Oliver 
Plunket Lord Baron of Louth, and 
Dame Jenet Dowdall, his wife. This 
cross was builded by Dame Janet Dow- 
dall, late wife unto Oliver Plunket, 



232 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

L: Savage Baron of hh 



Lord Baron of Louth, for him and 
herselfe, in the yere of Our Lord 
God" . . .' 

Underneath a rude image of St. 
Peter on the east side ' I pray you, 
St. Peter, pray for the soules of Oliver 
Plunket,' etc. On the back is the 
' Hail Mary.' 

This Oliver was the 4 th Lord ; he 
died in 1607; his 2 nd wife was a daugh- 
ter of Dowdall of Termonfeighan ; by 
his first wife, a dau. of Marshal Bagenal, 
he had 5 children.' See Lodge and 
Sir W. Wilctts Boyne and Black-water. 

hh Lord of Ardes. See p. 10. 

Campion adds ' Mac Suretan, Lord 
of Deseret, whom Sir H. Sydney called 



Jordan de Exeter. This was Lord in 
the time of Lionel, Duke of Clarence, 
An. 1361 nowverywilde Irish.' Mac 
Costilaghe, L. Nangle, whom Sir H. 
Sidney called the Angulo, now very 
Irish. Mac William Burke, Lord of 
Eichter, Connaught, now very Irish. 
Campion. 

Baronets. 

Saintleger, of Slemarge, meere Irish. 
Den of Pormanston, waxing Irish. 
FitzGerald of Burnchurch. Welleslye 
of Narraghe. Hussee of Galtrim. St 
Michell of Reban. Marwarde of 
Scryne. Nangle of the Navan. Cam- 
pion. 



THE BISHOPS AND ARCHBISHOPS. 



233 



THE NAMES OF B.- AND ARCH-B. 

The Archb. of Armagh, Primat of all Ireland, his name is 

Henrie Usher. 3 
The Archb. of Dublin, Primate of Ireland, his name is Thomas 

Jones, b now L. Chancellor. 
The Archb. of Cashel. c 



a Born in Dublin; Abp. (1595-1613). 
He had sons, Richard and Luke ; to 
Luke 'he had disposed of his Arch- 
deaconry of Dublin.' He was in great 
Honour and Repute among all Pro- 
testants. Ware. 

b Recte Adam Loftus, b.in Yorkshire; 
Abp. (1567-1605), and Jones suc- 
ceeded. Nominated Abp. of Armagh 
1561, at the age of 28 ; Abp. of Dublin 
in 1567; Lord Chancellor (1578-1605). 
By his wife, Miss Purdon of Lurgan- 
Race, Louth, he had 20 children i. 
s- Dudley, of Rathfarnham Castle, which 
*" was built by the Abp. 2. Edward, Ser- 
geant-at-Law and Knight, who d. at siege 
of Kinsale. 3. Adam, a captain of horse, 
killed in Byrne's country in 1599. 4 
and 5 Henry and Thomas, twins. 
Thomas was of Killyan, Co. Meath ; 
- was Constable of Wicklow Castle in 
1596 ; he m. a sister of Piers Hartpole 
ofCarlow. His daughters were -i. Isa- 
bella, m. to W ra - Ussher, Clerk of the 
Council. 2. Anne, m. to Sir H. Colley 
of Castle Carbery, Blount of Kidder- 



minster, and Lord Blayney. 3. Cathe- 
rine, m. to Sir F. Berkeley of Askeaton, 
and H. Berkeley, Esq. 4. Martha, 
m. to Sir T. Colclough of Tinterne 
Abbey. 5. Dorothy, m. to Sir J. 
Moore of Croghan. 6. Alicia, to Sir 
H. Warren of Warrenston or Ballybrett. 
7. Margaret, to Sir G. Colley of Eden- 
derry. Archdalfs Lodge, vol. 7, p. 246. 

His ' great qualities were something 
tarnished by his excessive Ambition 
and Avarice. For, besides his pro- 
motions in the Church and his publick 
employments in the State, he grasped 
at everything that became void, either 
for himself or Family.' Ware. 

c Miler Magragh, born in Fermanagh, 
ex-Franciscan, Abp. of Cashel, and 
Bp. of Emly (1570 to 1622); he had 
also Waterford and Lismore in com- 
mendam (1582-1589, and 1592-1607). 
In 1 6 1 1 he got a coadjutor, W- Knight, 
who soon after 'appeared Drunk in 
publick, and thereby exposed himself 
to the scorn and derision of the People ;' 
' and returned to England.' Magrath 

2 G 



234 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

The Archb. of Toam. d 



THE BISHOPS. 

The B. of Meath and Clonem c knois, his name is e 
The Bishop of Derry, his name is Montgomerie.' 
The B. of Ardagh, Draper. 8 



made the most scandalous wastes and 
alienations of the Revenues and Manors 
belonging to his See. He erected a 
Monument for himself in his Cathedral, 
with the strange inscription written by 
himself 

' Venerat in Dunum primo sanctissimus olim, 
Patricius, nostri gloria magna soli, 
Huic ego succedens, utinam tarn sanctus ut ille, 
Sic Duni primo tempore Praesul eram. 
Anglia! lustra decem sed post tua sceptra 

Colebam, 

Principibus placui, Marte tonante, tuis. 
Hie, ubi sum positus, non sum, sum non ubi 

non sum ; 

Sum nee in ambobus, sum sed utroque loco. 
1621. 

Dominus est qui me judicat. I Cor. 4. 
Qui stat, caveat ne cadat.' Ware. 

Called 'Meillmorre M c Cragh,' by 
Tyrone; 'an ex-Friar, an avaricious 
and unprincipled man, and a most 
unscrupulous waster of the patrimony 
of the Sees under his administration ; 
held 4 bishopricks and a great number 
of benefices in various dioceses. He 
m. Amy, dau. of O'Meara of Lisany, 
Co. Tipperary, and had issue Tur- 
logh, Redmond, Bryan, Mark, Mary, 
Cicely, Anne, and Eliza, His sons, or 
at least some of them, relapsed to 
Popery.' Cotton's Fasti. 



d Nehemiah Donellan, born in Gal- 
way, bred at Cambridge, Abp. from 
1595 to 1609, when he voluntarily 
resigned. Ware. 

' Thomas Jones, b. in Lancashire ; 
Bp. (1584-1605). His monument in 
St. Patrick's Cathedral has the inscrip- 
tion 'Thomas Jones, Archiepiscopus 
Dublin, Primas et Metropolitanus Hi- 
berniae, Ejusdem Cancellarius . . .' 

Margareta, ejusdem Thomae Uxor 
Charissima obiit decimo quinto Decem- 
bris, Anno a partu Virginis 1 6 1 8. J ones 
had 6 children ; his son, Sir Roger of 
Durhamstown, Westmeath, was made 
Viscount Ranelagh in 1628; his 
daughters were mar. to Domville, Clerk 
of the Hanaper, and Piers of Trister- 
nagh, Westmeath. Archdalfs Lodge, 
v., p. 301. 

' He laid the Foundation of a fair 
estate.' Harris's Addition to Ware. 

f Vacant in 1598 ; Dr. Montgomerie, 
b. in Scotland, was Bp. from 1605 
to 1610, as well as of Raphoe and 
Clogher. 

E Vacant in 1598. Robert Draper, 
Rector of Trim in 1598, Bp. of Ardagh 
and Kilmore (1603-1612). Ware. 



THE BISHOPS AND ARCHBISHOPS. 



235 



The B. of Kilmore, 8 the same man hath both. 

The B. of Clogher/ united with Derrie. 

The B. of Doune, his name is D. Tod. h 

The B. of Connor,* 1 the same man. 

The B. of Raboo, f united to Derrie. 

The B. of Dromore, h united to Downe. 

All these are under the Archbishop of Armagh. 

The B. of Glandelagh, annexed to the Archb. of Dublin. 
The B. of Kildare, his name is Pilsworth.' 
The B. of Femes, his name is M r Ram. k 
The B. of Ossorie, his name is 1 



h Recte John Charden of Devonshire, 
Bp. (1596-1601), had been a noted 
preacher. John Todd, 'Doctor of 
Divinity, Dean of Cashel, who had 
been a Jesuit, was Bp. (1606-1611); 
but being called to Account for some 
Crimes he had committed, he resigned, 
and a little after died in prison in Lon- 
don of Poyson, which he had prepared 
for himself.' Ware. 

' Recte Daniel Neylan, Rector of 
Iniscorthy in Killaloe Diocese; Bp. 
(1583-1603). Pilsworth, b. in London, 
was Bp. from 1604 to 1635. In 1591, 
out of 50 benefices in Kildare, 4 were 
vacant and in the bishop's possession, 
22 were usurped by laymen; 24 were 
enjoyed by 22 incumbents, of whom 
one ' commorat in Anglia,' and 1 2 were 
pluralists who held livings in other 
dioceses. See MS., T.C.D., E. 3, 14, 
quoted by W. Maziere Brady. 

Pilsworth ' was determined to have 
a share in the spoil by leaving his 



Bishoprick poorer than he found it.' 
Harris's Addition to Ware. 

k Recte Hugh Allen, b. in England, 
Bp. (1582-1599). 

' He made long Leases of the Manor 
of Fethard, and of many other Farms, 
reserving very small Rents to his See. 
But Thomas Ram, who was afterwards 
Bishop, recovered the Manor,' after a 
long suit, and by giving a lease of 
Whitechurch to Allen's son for 21 years. 
Bp. Allen also leased in Fee 1500 acres 
to Sir H. Wallop, Vice-Treasurer, and 
the Parsonage of Carne for 6 1 years to 
N. Kenny, Clerk of the First-Fruits, 
who suffered him to detain money for 
which he was bound to account to the 
Exchequer, and which Ram was forced 
to pay. Harris's Ware. 

Thomas Ram, born in Windsor, was 
Bp. (1605-1634). 

1 John Horsfall, b. in Yorkshire, 
Bp. (1586-1609). 



236 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



The B. of Leighlin, united to Fernes. k 

All these be under the Archbishop of Dublin. 

The Bishop of Waterford" 1 and Lismore. 

The B. of Corke," and Clone and Ross Carbery. 

The B. of Ardfert, his name is Crosbie. 

The B. of Limerick, his name is Adams. p 

The B. of Emelie, 1 " annexed to the Archb. of Cashel. 

The B. of Killallow, q his name is O'Bryan. 

All these be under the Archbishop of Cashel. 



" Vide note c . 

" Wm. Lyon of Chester, Bp. (1583- 
1617), VicarofNaasin 1573. Aprelate 
of an active and liberal spirit. In the 
palace grounds in Cork was found a 
flagstone with the inscription ' This 
house was builded in anno 1589 by - 
Welleam lion, an Englis man born 
beshop of Cork, Clon-an-Ross, and this 
tomb was erected in anno dni. 1597,' 
etc. His portrait is in the see-house 
of Cork. He d. at Cork at a very ad- 
vanced age. Cotton's fasti. 

Nich. Keenan, Bp. (1588-1599). 
Ware. John Crosby, Bp. (1600-1621) 
m. the dau. of O'Lalor of Queen's Co.; 
he had two sons ; his daughters were 
mar. to M'Elligott, M c Gillicuddy, 
Stephen son of Dunmoylin in Limerick, 
and Collum. Crosby was ancestor of 
the Earls of Glandore. Lodge, vol. iii., 

P- 327- 

p Recte John Thornburgh, of Salis- 
bury, Bp. (1593-1603), performed many 
eminent services to the Crown after his 
advancement to the See of Limerick, 
which were the cause of his subsequent 



promotions ; he was ' well furnished 
with Learning, Wisdom, Courage, and 
other as well Episcopal as temporal 
Accomplishments, beseeming a gentle- 
man, a Dean, and a Bishop. He had 
great skill in Chimistry, by which it 
was thought he attained to so great an 
Age, arriving at his 89"" year.' He was 
translated to Bristol, and then to Wor- 
cester, where there is a monument to 
him with a curious inscription, begin- 
ning thus ' Denarius Philoso-phorum. ^ 
Dum spiro, spero.' 

Adams of Middlesex was Bp. (1604- 
1625.) On his tomb is inscribed 

' Bernardus jacet hie en Adamus, Episco- 
pus olim, 

Omnia non vidit Solomonis, et omnia vana. 

A Bishop once here Bernard's Bones remain; 

He saw not all, but saw that all was vain. 

Sufficient God did give me, which I spent ; 

I little borrowed, and as little lent. 

I left them whom I loved enough in store 

Increased this Bishoprick, relieved the Poor.' 

" Maurice O'Brien, b. in Arra, Bp. 

(1570-1612), received the profits of the 

See six years before his consecration ; 

he voluntarily resigned a year before 



THE BISHOPS AND ARCHBISHOPS. 



237 



The B. of Kilmacow/ 

The B. of Elfin, 5 his name is Linch. 

The B. of Athcourie,' Vacant. 

The B. of Clonfert/ his name Linch. 

The B. of Maio, annexed to Toam. 

The B. of Killallo,' Vacat. 

These be under the Archb. of Toam. 

So the BB. of Ulster and Meath be under the Primat of 
Armagh, the BB. of Leinster under the Archb. of Dublin. The 
BB. of Mounster under the Archb. of Cashell. The BB. of 
Conaught under the Archb. of Toam. 



his death. Ware. This Mortogh had 
two sons, Torlogh and John. Memoirs 
of the O'Briens, p. 547. 

' KilmacduaghandClonfert. Stephen 
Kerovan, b. in Galway, Bp. (1582- 
1602). Roland Linch, b. in Galway, 
Bp. (1602-1625.) The Members of 
the Royal Visitation say, '(Linch), Bp. 
of Clonfert and Kilmacduach and 
Clonfert hath dealt so fraudulently and 
perversely with us, that we cannot give 
the least Credit to his relation. We 
have undeniable Evidence that upon 
his first Promotion, Clonfert was es- 
teemed worth ;i6o per Ann., and 
Kilmacduach ^100. But now the 



Bp. hath returned us a Roll in Writing, 
in which he makes the value of Clon- 
fert only ^40, and Kilmacduach only 
24, but gives us no account how this 
happened.' Harris's Ware. 

s John Fitz James Linch, b. in Gal- 
way, LL.B. of Oxford, Bp. (1584-1611), 
educated at Oxford ; ' by Alienation?, 
etc., so wasted and destroyed it (his 
See), that he left it not worth 200 Marks 
a year. It is said he lived a concealed 
anddieda "Publick Papist.'" Harris's 
Ware. 

' Achonry and Killala. Owen O'Con- 
nor, b. in Ireland; Bp. of Killala 
(1591-1607.) Ware. 



2 3 8 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



THE HAVENS OF IRELAND. 



Loughfoyle. a 
Oulderflecte. b 
Carrickfergus, a wild road. 
Strangford. d 
Arglas, barred. 
Carlingford, 6 barred. 
Dundalke/ barred. 
Skerries, g dangerous for many 

rockes covered at ful Sea. 
Rushe, a Creeke. 

Malahide. 



Havens. 3rd vol. S.P., Henry 8, 
year 1543, p. 446. 

a In O'DonnelPs countrey. 

b A good haven in the Irishe Scottes 
countrey. The Banne in Maccryllie's 
country. 

c Knockfergus, a good haven and 
yours. 

d A good haven. 

A good haven. 
f A creek. 

B Skyrries, a good rode. Howthe, 
Dalkey, Wicklow. Dean Nowd, MS. 

h Limerick, very good, but much 
hindered by certen Yrishmen bordering 
on either syde. 

1 Galway, very good. 

J ' Inver, commonly called the broad 



Hah, g a road. 
The Sheynen, h and 

many places therein. 
Galloway. 1 
The lies of Arran the 

outer. 

broad Haven. 5 
Inisbafin. j 
Moyne. 
Sligo. 
Calbeg. 

haven; so it is broad within three hun- 
dred sayle may roade here without 
annoying one another. The fyshing is 
good and plentyfull for Codd, Lynge, 
Hearinge, etc. But the entry is such 
that a Poortie with artillery on the south 
side may sinke any vessell.' Descript. 
of Connaught in 1612. 

' Ince Bonn, the land of Saints, Tirke 
Mayne, and Clere, are under the rule 
of O'Malley ; they are very pleasant and 
fertile, plenty of woode, arabell grounde, 
pasture and fishe. and a very temperate 
ayer.' Apothecarie Smith, anno 1561. 
See his MS. published in Ulster Jour, 
of Arch. Inish Bofin is called Inish 
Potin in Nowd, and Arran is called 
Arinnenewe 



THE HAVENS OF IRELAND. 



239 



Lough Sulley. k 

Dalgoy, 1 a wild road. 

Wicklo," 1 for small Vessels. 

Arcklo," 1 for the same. 

Passage." 

Dungarvan. 

Rosse. n 



Youghall, p good at half Tide. 

Cork." 

Kinsale, good at all tymes. 

Rosse Carbery. 

Baltimore/ 

Valentia. 



Dingle. 5 

The best of these Havens have no toune nere them as 
Calbeg, Loughsully, O-Lderfleet,etc. 



k Lough Swilly. Also Assero, Shepe- 
haven, Northerborne, in O'Donnell's 
country. 

1 Dalkey ? 

m But a creek. 

" Waterford and Rosse, very good. 

A barred haven. 

p A good haven. 

q a good haven. 

' Wallentimore, good in Ohetheris- 
calle's country. Beare Haven in O'Suly- 
ivan's country, very good. 

s Crook Haven and Dyngell Creek, 
in Machartie's country. Nowel calls 
Dingle, ' Dangyr Ighois.' 

Also ' Wexford badde, Drogheda 
badde, Lambay Ylonde a good rode 
for all manner of windes.' St. Leger 



to Henry 8, 6th April 1543 State 
Papers. 

In addition to these, Newel's MS. 
has ' Ardglasse Loghuen, Kilkele, 
Kilcloghir, Holmpatrick, Dublin, To- 
malag, Kierie, Derrie, Dovvnemore, 
Downeshead, Dovvnelong, Artlanan, 
Croghan, Dunburie, Ballineskelligy, 
Tralee, Cassane, Inniskae, Belalem, 
Glanemagh, Ballywhyghan, Kinwarre, 
Dowrig, Woran, Roskain, Killenkillie, 
Rathsilben, Burske, Belaclare, Balala, 
Ardroute, Ardenoch, Ardremakow, 
Rosbare, Kilgholm, Kalbaly, Rabran, 
Bierweis our, Burwis Qare, Burweis 
nowe, Fattra Kattra' ! ! NoweTs MS., 
written before 1576. See a long de- 
scription of the Connaught Havens in 
vol. 2 7 of the Archaeologia. 



240 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



A NOTE OF THE REVENUES AND CASUALTIES 

OF IRELAND. 

The old Rents and Qf the Countie of the Cittie of 

.Revenues of the several 

counties here mencioned Dublin - 

each half Year. _ .. . _, . .. _ , , . 

Of the Countie of Dublin 

Kildare 

Meath 

Longford 

Westmeath 

Drogheda 

Roscommon 

Galloway 

Louth - 

Antrym 

Cittie of Limerick 

Corke - 

Dublin - 

Kilkenny 

Westmeath 

Clare 

Louth - 

Kings - 

Roscomon 

Galloway 

Longford 

Sligo 

R eg 

Drogheda 
Downe 
Maio 
Kerry - 



1 5 2 

1 74 9 6 

10 o o 

164 17 8 

37 6 8 

17 15 4 

137 8 9 

79 9 2 

5 10 o 
500 

21 12 i 

20 2 2 

10 o o 

939 18 8 

394 16 6 

447 12 2 

12 5 o 

814 16 6 

150 7 3 

102 17 7 

209 13 8 

1 1 1 1 1 o 

1 6 1 6 i 

35 2 5 

10 12 4 

58 3 9 

76 3 i 

91 17 o 



THE REVENUES OF IRELAND. 241 

Rents and Revenues of 



. , f. 

the Q. Lands and poss. l6 O 

in Ireland both Spirituall O'Carrel's CountHe - - 6 IO 4. 

and Temporall in the _ ,. .. 

Severall Counties thereof. Klldare 972 12 II 

Catherlagh 107 12 5 

Limerick 311 10 i 

Wexford - 430 i o 

Tipperary 252 1 6 4 

Waterford 305 19 6 

Meath - - 1729 9 o 

Corke - 310 4 8 



Summa totalis - -^"8236 14 7 

Rents reserved to the O'Carrel's Countrie - - 2OO O O 

Quene, for territories and 

Lands resigned to her Corke - - - - I2Io8 

and taken back from her 

again. GallOWay 2 1 I I 2 

Roscomon 600 

King's Countie o 10 o 

Limerick 6 16 o 

Province of Ulster 187 13 4 

Percale in the King's Countie - 53 6 8 

A Composition made by King's Countie - 40 O O 

Sr Henrie Sidney for TIT / 1 /-> 

Bonnaught money. W CXIOrd COUntlC - - 1 94 1 3 4 

For certen Personages let to the 

B. of Meath 84 i o 

Several! Compositions Composition for Monagfhan - 761 60 

made by Severall Dep. . . ? 

with the Country for Composition of the Pale - 2Oo8 o o 

easing them of the Cesse ^ . r /- 1 <. o^ o 

of Soldiers and provision Composition Of ConaUgllt - 3864 8 IO 

Composition of Mounster - 1007 2 8 

Chief Rents in Mounster 876 8 o 

Undertakers' Lands per Annum 5615 o o 

2 H 



242 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

THE QUENE'S CASUALTIES WHICH is YEARLIE UNCERTAINE. 

Subsidies of Temporall Lands Office of the Clerke of the 

the xx of the clergie Crowne 

The Office of the Office of the Clerke of the Starr 

Fines for Homages Chamber 

Fines for Liverie Office of the Clerke of Facul- 

Fines for alienation ties 

Fines for relief Office of the Prerogative 

Fines for Leases for term of Court 

Years Customs of all kinds of Mer- 

Fines for Ecclesiasticall causes chandize brought or carried 

Fines for Pardones out 

The Sherriffs Accompts Imposts of Wines let to S r 

Forfeitures of Recognizances Henrie Broncard for ^"2000 

Office of the First Fruits yearlie 

Note that the Irish Pound or Shilling is lesse by the 4 th 
part than the Inglysh, as the Irysh pound is but i8s. Ster., the 
Irish Shilling gd. Ster. 

The Summe of the Ordinarie receats by the half year, out 
of the Revenues and Impost is ^24,952 4?. Irish. 



A NOTE OF THE YEARLIE PAYMENTS ISSUED OUT OF 
THE REVENNUES. 

To the Officers of the Exchequer - i 188 13 o 

To the Officers of the King's bench 543 6 8 

To the Officers of the common Pleas 206 7 9 

To the Officers of the Chauncerie - 628 14 5 



THE REVENUES OF IRELAND. 



243 



To the Officers attending the L. Dep. and coun- 
sail Sitting in the Starr chamber within the 
Castle of Dublin - ^133 6 8 

To the Collectors and Controllers of the Customs 

of Dublin and Drogheda 40 o o 

To the Clerk of Works, his Fee 34 vj viij 

The Fees of divers Constables of Castles within 

Ireland 286 vj viij 

Annuities and pensions granted either for Service 
or upon favour, some during Life, some during 
the parties' good behaviour, or during the prince's 
pleasure, paiable out of the Revenues and not 
out of the treasure - 2835 vj ij 

To the Officers of the Countie of Wexford 67 o o 

To divers Officers attending the State - 76 o 3 

Expens 283 9 8 

The Sume of all Issues and Disbursments - 6322 5 o 

The particulars of these reckonings, and of the disburs- 
ment of the rest of the Revenues may appear in a Book by 
itself, and also the issuing of the Treasure that cometh out of 
I ngl. extending everie of these late years to 120,000 in the 
Entertayment of the L. Dep. or Justices. 

The L: Lieutenant. 

The L: President of Mounster. 

The Knight Marshall. 

The Threasurer at Warrs. 

All the Officers of the Field and the Sergeant 

Maior. 

M r of the Ordinance and his Officers. 
Minister M r Controller and commissaries. 



244 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

j 

Campe, M rs 

Corporalls of the Field. 

86 Capitens with their Lieutenante, Ensignes, Ser- 
geants, Dromes and Fifes, and 

Trompeters, with Eight Thousand Souldiers, Horse 
and Foote. 

Besides for Severall Wards in the Castles of 

Dublin, Knockfergus, 

Catherlaghe, Athloane, 

Marreborrow, Duncanon, 

Phillipstowne, Carlinford, 

Laughlin, Fearnes, 

Trim, Dondrome, 

Dungarvan, Castle and Abbey, besides 

Castle mayne, many Pensioners and 1 2 

Limericke, Alme. 

NAMES OF THE COUNCILL OF IRELAND. 

S r Arthure Chicester, L. Dep. 

Thomas Jones, L. Chancellor. 

S r James Ley, chief Justice. 

S r Thomas Butler Knight Earle of Ormond Vi. 

Earle of Clanrickard, President of Conaught. 

Dod Bishop of Meath. 

S r Henrie Davies, L. Davies, L. president of Mounster. 

Rich: Wingfield Knight Marshall of Ireland. 

Thomas Ridgwae Knight at Warrs. 

S r Nicholas Walshe, Justice of the common pleas. 

Sir Humphry Winch, chief Baron of the Exchequer. 

S r Anthony S' Leger, Master of the Rolles. 

Sir Oliver S' John Knight, M r of the Ordinance. 



THE COUNCILL OF IRELAND. 



245 



f 



S r Henrie Harrington. 
S r Edward Brabazon. 
S r Oliv. Lambert. 
S r Henrie Dowcra. 
S r William Godolphin. 
S r Francis Stafford. 
The Bishop of Downe. 



S r James Fullerton. 
S r Rich. Morrison. 
S r Henrie Power. 
S r Gerrot Moore. 
S r Adam Loftus. 
S r Geffrey Fenton. 
S r Richard Cooke. 



246 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



APPENDIX. 



SIR ARTHUR CHICHESTER'S INSTRUCTIONS TO SIR JAMES LEY 
AND SIR JOHN DAVYS, touching the Settlement in Ulster. 
Sept. 1608. See Cal. of Irish S. P., an. 1608, p. 55. 

CAVAN. See p. 117, supra. 

The Cavan is a spacious and large county, very populous, and the people 
hardy and warlike. The Chief of them are the O'Realyes (O'Reillys), of which 
Surname there are sundry Septs, most of them cross and opposite one unto 
another. By the division and Separation among themselves, the whole county, 
which heretofore made their dependancy upon the chief of the Sept by the name 
of O'Realye, may with the more facility and assurance be divided into parcels, 
and disposed to several freeholders, who, depending immediately upon the King, 
will not fear or obey their neighbours, unless some one or two be made so power- 
ful as to overtop and sway down the rest ; and therefore care must be in the 
Settlement of this country, that the greatest part of the people have their depen- 
dancy immediately from the King, and as little upon the Irish lords as may be 
without apparent hindrance to the plantation. 

The natives of that County are not able in worth nor people to inhabit and 
manure the half thereof. 

The books of Survey and other collections will disclose the chief pretenders 
to the lands in each barony, and in smaller circuits, who may be provided for as 
shall be directed, or as they (the commissioners) shall think fit, if it be left to 
their discretion. 

The principal place to be cared for is the town of Cavan, which wishes to 
be made a corporation, and a ballibeto of land (if it may be) to be laid unto it 
out of the barony of Cavan. The Castle there is to be likewise reserved, and 
the like allotment of land to be made for the maintenance thereof. 



APPENDIX. 247 

Belturbet is likewise by situation a fit place to be strengthened by a ward 
or other residence of civil people. 

The barony of Cavan (except Cloughouter) may be disposed in demesne 
and chiefry to young Mulmorie O'Relye, the grandchild of Sir John O'Relye. 
There are many freeholders in the barony, as the Bradies, and M c Cabies, and 
others, who will expect a good portion ; but Mulmory, the head of the house, 
must get land out of other baronies or chief rents, as his father was slain in the 
Queen's service, and he is descended by the mother from the house of Ormonde. 

FERMANAGH. See p. 24, supra. 

Fermanagh cannot be divided as the Cavan, by reason of Connor Roe 
Maguyre, who has a patent of the whole country passed unto him in the late 
Queen's time, but upon conference and advice had with him by the Deputy and 
Council for the settlement of his kinsman Cow Connaught (Couconaght) Maguyre, 
and of that country, he was content to submit himself to their order for a new 
division, upon which three baronies of the seven were allotted to him, the said 
Connor Roe, with a promise of letters for the same, which in his (Chichester's) 
opinion were meet to be passed to him with a clause to make a competent number 
of freeholders of the natives of that county, and with reservation of rent to His 
Majesty. 

The other four baronies were intended to Cow Connaught Maguyre, and 
are now in the hands of his brother Bryen, but divers gentlemen inhabit there- 
upon, who claim a freehold in the lands they possess. It is to be considered and 
resolved by the Lords whether any part thereof shall be bestowed upon the 
pretenders to the freehold, or on the brethren and Sept of Cow Connaught, and, 
namely, on Tyrone's grandchild, son to Hugh Maguyre, slain in Munster. 
Bryen is a proper and active young man, and has a younger brother. These 
will be stirring and keep out if they be not cared for or restrained, and so will 
the freeholders with them, and the child when he comes to be a man. There- 
fore, either they must be provided for and settled, or the new plantation must be 
made strong and powerful to keep them in awe and subjection, which will 
require great charge and foresight ; and to remove them with their followers and 
tenants to other countries will be found somewhat difficult. 

Henry and Con O'Neale, sons to Shane O'Neale, are now seated in this 
county upon lands which they took from Cow Connaught Maguyre, to which 
certain freeholders pretend title. If the King think them worth the cherishing, 
they must be seated in something in this county or Armagh, or else removed 



248 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

clear out of Ulster ; and if his Majesty could assume or purchase a Signory in 
Munster, it were good sending them thither ; they are civil and discreet men, 
especially Harry, and have each of them 43. a-day pension from His Majesty. 

In this county there is neither town nor civil habitation. Iniskellin is the 
fittest place, in his opinion, for the Shire town, and to be made a corporation. 

DONEGAL. See p. 29, supra. 

This has been so bangled by the Earl of Tyrconnell by sales, mortgages, 
and underhand conveyances, that he (Chichester) can make no certain demon- 
stration thereof, only this is certain, Enishowen is come unto the King by 
O'Dogherty's attainders. Glanfyne and the greatest part of Monganagh was 
promised to Sir Neale O'Donnell, whereof he might have had letters patent, but 
he neglected to take them out, expecting greater quantities and pretending title 
to the whole country, which he (Chichester) thinks will hardly satisfy his 
ambition ; but his case is such at this time that he will seem satisfied with a 
small portion, so he be assured of his life and liberty. Can say nothing of him 
until the pleasure of the King or the Lords of the Council be signified touching 
his arraingment or enlargement. His son is a dangerous youth, of whom, and 
of Caffer Oge O'Donnell, he (Chichester) has declared his opinion to them, 
together with the briefs and sundry examinations and voluntary confessions made 
against them. 

Divers gentlemen claim freeholds in that county, as namely, the three Septs 
of the M c S\vynes, Bane (Banagh), Fanaght, and Doe, O'Boyle, and O'Galchare 
(O'Gallagher) ; but these men passed over their rights (if any they had) to the 
Earl (as it is said) which he got from them cautiously and by unworthy duties ; 
in whose behalf his Majesty is to signify his gracious pleasure, and he (Chichester) 
is sure every of them has more land than they and their Septs will be able to 
manure and plant in any civil and good fashion these 40 years, albeit peace 
did continue among them ; and they are for the most part unworthy of what they 
possess, being a people inclined to blood and trouble, but to displant them is 
very difficult. If His Majesty dispose the land to strangers, they must be very 
powerful to suppress them. Suggests that if his pleasure be to continue them in 
what they claim, the lands may be divided into many parts and disposed to 
several men of the septs, and some to strangers or some others of this nation, 
leaving none greater than another, unless it be in a small difference to the now 
chiefs of the name. If this cours displease the said chiefs, it will content many others, 
who will be good ties upon them if by Justice they be supported accordingly. 



APPENDIX. 249 

There are divers other places within this county fit to be reserved for the 
King's Service and to bestow upon civil and well chosen men, some of which 
are already possessed by Wards and garrisons, as namely, the Deny, Lyffor, 
Ballishanon, Dunegall, Castle Doe, and Culmore. . . . 

COLERAINE. See p. 28, supra. 

This county is of small circuit, containing only three baronies, two of which 
are not so large as the barony of Dungannon. It has been of long time 
attempted for parcel of Tyrone. The chief septs that inhabit it are the O'Cahanes, 
and under them the O'Mullanes, Magilliganes, and M'Closkies. The Earl of 
Tyrone made challenge unto this country, as passed unto him by letters patents, 
and required Sir Donell O'Cahane, the now chief of that name, to give him .200 
a year, in consideration of his challenge, but being unable to make him payment 
of so much, in respect of the waste and riotous expenses otherwise, he yielded 
one of the baronies up to the Earl in lieu of the 200, which the Earl possessed 
at the time of his flight; and albeit it is thought that neither Tyrone nor 
O'Cahane had any good and lawful estate in that country (the right being in the 
King by the Statute 1 1 Elizabeth), yet it is his duty to declare that the whole 
country (the castle of Annogh with a good quantity of lands thereunto annexed, 
and the Bishop's and Church's rights excepted) was promised to the said Sir 
Donell O'Cahane upon his submission in the year 1601, by the Lord Mountjoy, 
then Lord Deputy ; and in confirmation hereof a custodiam was passed to him 
under the Great Seal He is now prisoner in the Castle of Dublin. 

In this county they neither hold ward nor keep men upon the King's 
charges. If Sir Donell O'Cahane be found unworthy of the King's favour by 
reason of his treasonable practices and misdemeanours, then is that country in 
the King's hands. The principal places to be cared for within this county are 
the Castles of Annogh, Lemavadie, Colerayne, and Downgeuyne (Dungiven), 
albeit most of them are ruinous and out of repair. If Sir Donnell O'Cahane be 
enlarged, or if, upon his trial, he escape the danger of the law, two parts of that 
country will not content him, nor, he thinks, the whole ; but whatsoever becomes 
of him, good consideration must be had of his brother, Manus O'Cahane, Manus 
ut Quyvally O'Cahane, and some few others whom he (Chichester) has found 
honest in those last troubles, and before. . . . 

TYRONE. See p. 25, supra. 

The great sept of this county is come to the King by the attainders of the 
Earl of Tyrone and his Sept. In this county they hold the forts of Mountjoy, 

2 I 



250 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Omey, and the ruinous castle of Dungannon by the King's garrisons and wards ; 
upon the division and settlement of the county, other places must be found out 
and strengthened for a time, as, namely, about the Clogher, where lies the 
country of Sir Cormac O'Neale, another in the Glynnes of Glancomkeyne, the 
Slute Artes (Slught Airta) country, and two or three other places. . . . 

The chief Septs of this country are the O'Neales, and under them the 
O'Donnoles, O'Hagganes, O'Quynes, O'Delvynes (O'Devlins), O'Corres, the 
Clondonells, the Melans, and other septs, which are warlike people and many 
in number, and must be provided for or overmastered, without which they will 
not be ruled nor removed. 

Has delivered the possession of the Newtown, with some three ballibetoes 
' of land, to Tyrlowe and Neale M'Arte, the children of Sir Arte O'Neal, in respect 
of the good service they did against the traitor O'Doghertie and the relief they 
gave the Lyffer upon the burning of the Derry. . . . Thinks this sufficient 
for them, but they do not. If the King will be pleased to reserve the town of 
Straban, which stands within the lands now assigned to them, and give them a 
greater scope on the other side, he thinks it best for his Service, for divers 
Scottishmen will plant there and make it a pretty town, albeit it was all burnt 
to the ground by O'Doghertie. . . . 

Downeganon (Dungannon) to be made a corporation. 

ARMAGH. See p. 19, supra. 

The state of this county is much like that of Tyrone, and possessed by the 
same Septs, especially for as much of it as appertained to the Earl of Tyrone, 
which is the greatest part of the country. The rest belongs to the Lord 
Primate, and either is passed to Sir Tyrlogh and Henry O'Neale, and Sir Henry 
Oge O'Neale, lately slain in the service against O'Dohertie, or is Sir Oghy 
O'Hanlon's, who lately surrendered his interest to the King upon promise to 
! have it repassed to him ; which would have been performed before this time, if 
he had sought it, and would have permitted certain freeholders to take letters 
patent, and to hold immediately of the King as he promised. He is an old, 
lame man, of weake judgement, married to a sister of Tyrone's, who is as malicious 
and ill-affected to the King's government and country's reformation as her 
brother. She rules the old man. His only legitimate son was in rebellion with 
O'Doghertie, and is now hid and relieved by his friends in that country. The 
old man must be provided for as long as he lives. Hopes that after his death 
there may be no more O'Hanlons he means as lord over the rest, but that that 
country may be disposed to the best affected of the sept and to other civil men. 



APPENDIX. 251 

The chief of this country under the Earl of Tyrone was his base brother, 
known by the name of Arte M'Barron, who is yet living, and claims the greatest 
part of the country of O'Neale, of which he is possessed. He has three sons with 
the Archduke, of whom two are captains. These youths, the sons of the Earl, 
and the children of Sir Cormock M'Barron, Sir Tyrlowe M'Henry, and Sir 
Henry Oge O'Neale, will kindle a new fire in those parts at some time or other, 
if they be not well looked to or provided for in some reasonable measure. 

They are to declare to the Lords that there is a son of the Earl of Tyrone, 
of some seven or eight years old, and another to Caffer O'Donnell, brother to 
the Earl of Tyrconnell. Has committed them to the charge of two of the 
captains in Ulster. Should gladly receive directions to dispose of them, and in 
his opinion, the best course will be to send them to some remote parts of 
England or Scotland, to be kept from the knowledge of friends or acquaintance. , 

The countries known by the name of M'Cann Country and Braslowe 
(Bresilagh) are within this county, which are possessed principally by gentlemen, ' 
who claim the freehold thereof. They would gladly be tenants or freeholders to 
the King, and would pay a good rent to His Majesty. 

Sir Tirlagh M c Henry wants to enlarge his possession of land of the Fues ; , 
it would be well to give him part of Toghrighie, if that will make him and his 
sons honest. Care to be had of Henry Oge O'Neile's children, of Con M c Tyrlowe 
and his brethren, who without such care are like to break out ; and of Owine ' 
More O'Neale, more for his honest simplicity than for any harm he is like to do. 
The O'Hagans, O'Quinns, and Clandonnells were never better than tenants and 
followers of the Earl of Tyrone. 

Many of the natives in each county claim freehold in the land they possess; 
and albeit their demands are not justifiable by law, yet it is hard and almost 
impossible to displant them. 

The people must be drawn from 'creatinge,' and settle in towns and 
villages, and build houses like those of the Pale, and not cabins after their 
wonted manner. The L. Deputy Chichester, Cal. I. S. Papers, 1608, p. 55. 

Sir R.Jacob (Sol. Gen.) to Salisbury, April 1609: ' The only thing that 
keeps them (the Ulster men) in subjection is the want of arms, for all their 
weapons are brought into the King's store. But they want no men, notwith- 
standing the late wars, the famine and the great plague that was amongst them ; 
for there are 5000 booked in Tyrone and Coleraine ; 4000 in Armagh ; 6000 in 
Tirconnellj and in other counties 3000 ; in others, 4000 so that in all that pro- 
vince there are at the least 20,000 men of the sword.' Cal. of I. S. P., p. 197. 



252 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

KILDARE. See supra, p. 46. 

THE NAMES OK THE LORDS, KNIGHTS, COMMONS, AND OTHER OFFICERS IN THE 
COUNTY OF KILDARE ON THE 28TH OF JUNE 1608. 

Names of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal. Gerald Earl of Kildare; William 
Bishop of Deny. 

Names of the Knights and Justices of the Peace. R. Wingfield, G. Cowly, 
W. Sarsfield, G. Aylmer, R. Greame, G. Greame, J. FitzPiers FitzGerald, E. 
Blany, R. Digby, Knights ; Allen of St. Wolstons, Sutton of Tipperary, Sarsfield 
of Surnings, Sarsfield of Tully, Nangle ,,of Ballysax, Dallway of Castleton Kil- 
drought, Lye of Rathbryde, Bartholomew Long of Dyrr, Meyres of Tullaghgrory, 
Rider (Archdeacon of Meath), Allen of Kilheele, Eustace of Castle Martin, 
Bellinge, Aylmer, FitzGerald of Laccagh, FitzGerald of Allen, Wogan of Rath- 
coffy, Downton, and Stokes, Esquires. 

Names of the Coroners. FitzGerrald of Osberstown, FitzGerrald of Blackhall. 

Names of the Sovereigns and Provosts of the Towns. Sheale, Sovereign of the 
town of Kildare ; Aysh, Provost of the town of Naas; Smith, Provost of the town 
of Athye ; Atwell Batwell, Provost of the town of Kildrought ; Turlagh Doyne, 
Provost of the town of Rathmore ; Peppard, Provost of the town of Leixlip ; 
Dowlin, Provost of the town of Kill ; Browne, Provost of the town of Woghterard. 

Names of Constables. Gilbert Sutton of Ardre, Allen of Bishoppscourt, Higgs 
of Cottlandstown, Sherlocke of Sherlockstowne, Eustace of Blackwood, Bath of 
Clane, Bellowe of Clougeswood, Eustace of Kylmorry, Dod of Connall, Myssett 
of Harberston, Gerrald FitzBryan of Ballysymon, Jacob of Srowlane, Segerson of 
Halveston, Danyell of Castle Dermott, Dowdall of Killen, Piers Brymingham 
of Garisker. 

Names of the Jurors for the Lord King. Barony of Sault. Fyan of Leixlip, 
Gerrald Wellesley of Kildrought, Patrick Tipp of Tippston, Walsh of Moretown, 
Ayshe of Furnaghts. 

Barony of Naas. Eustace of Mullaghrash, Patrick Sanders of Newton 
o'More, Hasquin of Little Rath, Browne of Newton o'More, Sherlock of Naas, 
Kenna of the same, Latten of the same, Kelly of the same, and Walter Archbold 
of the same. 

Barony of Clone. FitzGerrald of Grages, Rochford of Newton o'Clane, 
FitzGerald of Ballandsox, FitzGerrald of Tymoghe, Wogan of Downings, Roch- 
ford of Clane. 

Barony of Ikethy and Woghtereay. Eustace of Clongoswood, Aylmer of 
Little Cappoth, Walsh of Cloncurry, Roe of Brangastowne. 



APPENDIX. 253 

Bat any of Connally. Wogan of Newhall, Goulding of Haubertston, Fitz- 
Gerrald of Pinchers Grange, Eustace of Siggenston. 

Barony of Ophaly. FitzGerrald of Brownestowne. 

Barony of Norragh and Rebon. Walter Wellesley of Norragh, Wellesley of 
Blackehall, Eustace of Blackrath, Eustace of Crookestowne, Eustace of Collbins- 
towne. 

Barony of KilkiiHin.- Dougan of Tuberngan. 

Barony of Killta and Moone. FitzEdmond of Birton, Gerald FitzBrian of 
the same, Eustace of Moone, FitzGerrald of Bealan. 

Barony of Carbry. Brymingham of Donfort, Brymingham of Mucklane, 
Brymingham of Garisker, Brymingham of Grange, Brymingham of Longwood, 
Brymingham of Russellswood. 

CARLOW. See supra, p. 52. 

THE COUNTY OF CATHERLOGH, THE 4TH JUNE 1608. 

Lords. Theobald Lord Viscount Butler of Tullagh ; Thomas Lord Bishop of 
Laughlyn and Fearnes. 

Knights. Colclough, Maisterson, and Hartpoole. 

Esquires. Morgan M c Brian, Davells, Wale, Bagnall, Eustace, Gerald 
M'Mortagh, Donell Kavanagh, Harman, Hartpoole, Bryan M c Donnogh. 

Coroners. Broune of Cloughchricke, Tomyne of Clonygagh. 

Constables of the Barony of Catherlogh. William Gorst of Carrickstowne. 

Barony of Idron. Donell O'Rian of Tomgarrough, Owen Byrne of Ballyrian. 

Barony of St. Molyn. Morris Kavanagh of Ballybracke, Donnough O'Neyle 
of Kiltarry. 

Barony of Fort. Rowry O'Nolan of Kilbracan, O'Nolan of Ballymoge. 

Bailiffs Arrant. Hugh Leaugh for the Barony of Catherlogh, D. Barren for 
the Barony of Idrone, W. Moyhill for the Barony of Fort, James M c Teig Ser- 
geant of Raville ; Edmond Ower Sergeant, Sergeant of St. Moylyne. 

Freeholders. Barony of Idrone. George Etherunton of Rahellin, Birne of 
Aha, Cahir M c Teig of Knockscurr, Birne of Oldtowne, Walsh e of Tomand, Der- 
monde Kavanaugh of Rahedin, M c Gerrald of the Rath, Turlough Birne of 
Kilm' lapock (sic), Edmond MTirlough of Kilree, Cahir M c Donell Reough of 
Ballycromgan, Donell Eoe M c Dermott of Baldinge, Teig O'Rian of Balliellen, 
Donough Kavanaugh of Kilconyney, Dermott Kavanaugh of Ballifenyne, David 
M'Mortagh of Clowater, Phoores (sic) M c Cavell of Kilgreany, Donough 
M'Garrott of Bordduffe, Garrat M c Morris of Kilgreaney, James M c Richard 



254 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Ballough of the Bunes, Donough M c Morrough of Bally William Roe, Fagon of 
Dunlockney, Birne of Seskinrem, M c Garratt of Balliteige, Geere of Kilamonine, 
Carron of Rathduffe, M c Donnough of Knockroe, Mortagh Kavanaugh of Kil- 
kallatin, Thomyne of Ballydarmyne, Donell Fyn of Boreduffe, Walter Butler of 
Balliteigbeaugh, Patrick Morphue of Bollintollin. 

Barony of Catherlogh. Wale of Pollardstowne, Cooke of Staplestowne, Fer- 
donough Gormagan of Gruangfort, Birne of Ballilowe, Dermott M c Shane of 
Balliterney, Birne of Ratroge, Birne of Moyhill, Birne of Teurelan, Arspoll of 
Freerstowne, Everson of Clough. 

Barony of Fort. Barry of Rarush, Morrough Birne of Straugh, Teige Nolan 
of Ballicallie, Donogh Nolan of Ballihemoge, Mortagh M c Garrott of Myssell, 
Donell M c Hugh of Shangarry, Donell Nolan of Kilayne, Donnough Morrough 
of Carricknestayne, Patrick M c Shane of Ballitample, Donnough Roe of Kilbreede, 
Cooke of Kilcoole. 

Barony of Ravill. Butler of Clomore, Leyn of Shroughbooe, Leyn of 
Lesenevae, Grace of Browalstowne, Mortagh Birne of Bennecerry, Birne of Balli- 
duffe, Dermott Owen of Killelongart, Teige O'Gormagan of Ardriston, David 
M c Simon of Culliebege. 

Barony of St. Moylyne. Shane M c Dermott of Ballihemoge, M c Sheron of 
Ballybege, M c Dermod of Lefallygan, Edmond Collatan of Ballicranigambege, 
Piers Collatan of Tennecarricke, Dermond M c Donell of Ballycramgain castlayn. 

KILKENNY. See supra, p. 67. 

THE COUNTY OF KILKENNY, gTH JULY 1608. 

Names of the Lords as well Spiritual as Temporal. Thomas Earl of Ormond 
and Ossory, Richard Lord Viscount Mount Garrett, Theobald Lord Viscount 
Tullagh ; John Bishop of Ossory. 

Names of Knights and Justices of the Peace. Sovereigns for the Town of 
Kilkenny. Richard Shee, Knt. ; Jacob Butler, Esq. ; Richard Butler, Knt. ; 
Robert Roth, Esq. ; Mannering, Esq. ; Richard Deane, Deacon of Kilkenny ; 
Helias Shee, Esq. ; Gerald Grace, Patrick Archer, Walter Walsh, Nicholas 
Cleere, Thomas Denn, Robert Grace, David Serment, Piers Butler, Walter 
Archer, Henry Shee, John Butler Rector of Callan, Thomas Stronge, Esquires. 

Names of the Coroners. FitzGerrald of Gurtin, Waton of Growe, Shortall of 
Ratharding, Walsh of Kilkregan. 

Names of the Constables of the Barony of Gawran. Redmond Bleachfield of 
Rathgarvan, Purcell of Cloghla. 



APPENDIX. 255 

Constables of the Baronies of I groin, Ida, and Iberton. FitzGerrald of Gurtin, 
Aylward of Aylwardstown. 

Constables of the Barony of Iverke. Walsh of Kilkregan, Baton of Kil- 
modally. 

Constables of the Barony of Kells. Walsh of Doumogan, Howlinge of Kilry. 

Constables of the Barony of Claragh. John de Rochford of Kilary, George 
St. Leger of Woncestowne. 

Constables of the Barony of Knocktofer. Power of Knocktofer, Faing of 
Croambeg. 

Constables of the Barony of Shillekyr. St. Leger of Tulleghabroeg, Fitz- 
Gerrold of Barntchurch ; Archdecon, constable of Galmoy. 

Constables of Fasagh de Myn and Odoghe. Robnett Purcell of Foulksrath, 
William O'Brena of Ballyhomyn. 

Barony of Gawran. Blanchfield of Blanch veldstoune, Purcell of Ballyfoell, 
Butler of Old Aboy, Butler of Nogha, Tobyn of Lyrath, St. Leger of Clogha, 
Blanchveld of Milton, O'Ryan of Ullard, Power of Powerswood, Fanninge of 
Bally M c Cloghny, Tirlagh O'Rian of Barne Vedan, Piers M c Henry Roe O'Rian 
of Thomnebaghy, O'Rian of Ballymorough, Milerus Payen of Ballynebally, 
Shortall of Leghrath, Shortall of Brownesborne. 

Jgroin, Ida, and Ibercon. Gall of Gallstowne, Butler of Anaghes, Freny of 
Ballyraddy, Forstall of Forstalltowne, Daton of the same, Fortstall of Killred, 
Walsh of Ballycre, Forstall of Carrignegany, Walsh of Carrignory, Grace of 
Kilrmdony. 

Barony of Overke. Grant of Corlod, Grant of Portneholl, Daton of Gran- 
gowin, Daton of Bally M c Crony, Walsh of Listroley. 

Barony of Kerlis. Butler of Rossnarowe, Butler of Rogerstowne, Howling 
of Damynbeg, Tobyn of Killollegha, Tobyn of Rosscommon. 

Barony of Shillecher. FitzGerrald of Barntchurch, Comerford of Ballybir, 
Forstall of Kilferagh, Comerford of Earlstowne, Mothell of the same, Raged of 
Waleslogh. 

Barony of Knocktofer. Walsh of Corbally, Purcell of Kilkerell, Walsh of 
Ballaghbregan, Walshe of Knockmoella, Walshe of Ballynerowly, Grace of 
Aghviller. 

Barony of Cranagh. Shortall of Ballylorka, Drylin of Kilberagha, O'Roerk 
of Boresheis, Shortall of Purcellstiers, Grace of Cowle Ishell, Smith of Clastnoe, 
Butler of Woucestowne. 

Barony of Fasagh, Denny, and Idogh. O'Brena of Rathcally, Purcell of 



256 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Esker, Purcell of Lysmayne, O'Brena of Uskertye, Farr M c Donnogh of Crogh- 
toncle, Duffe of Crint. 

WEXFORD. See supra, p. 57. 

THE GRAND PANELL OF THE COUNTY OF WEXFORD, 25TH JULY 1608. 

Justices of the Peace. Thomas Lord Bishop of Fearnes and Leighline, Sir T. 
Colcloigh, Sir Dudly Loftus, Sir R. Mastersonne, Sir L. Esmond, Sir W. Sinot, 
Knights; Butler of Bellabow, Esq. ; Devroux of Ballinagir, Morgan Kavanagh, 
Nicholas Kennay, Escheator ; Donull Kavannagh, Brown of Malranckan, Esq. ; 
Arthur Kavannaigh, Esq. ; Murcus FitzHarvie, FitzHarvie, Dermott Kavannaigh, 
John Broune, Sovereign of Wex ; Duffe of Cosse, Dode, Furlonge, Witty of 
Balleteg, Itchinghane, Dormer, Dale, Mastersonne, Furlonge, Alene, Devroux of 
Dipper, W. Talbot, R. Talbot, Esquires. 

His Majesty's Coroners. Hammond Stafford of Balleconnor, Rovvsetor of 
Brigbargye, Hugh Ballaigh M c Donaigh Oge of Killconky, Roche of Brianstoun, 
Sinot of the Rahen. 

Tlie Constables of the Barony of Forte. Wadinge of Balleroghy, Elyot of 
Rathshillane. 

Constables of Baigre. Witty of Nimestoune, Devroux of Newcastle. 

Barony of Shilbirne. Redmond of the Hall, FitzHarvie of Witchurch. 

Barony of Bantry. Hoar of Bellaborow, Sutone and Scurlok. 

The Portreves of Towns. Furlonge, Portrief of Banno ; Morgan M c Rory, 
Portreve of Taman ; Ketinge, Portreve of Federt ; Hea, Portreve of Clomem. 

The Gentlemen of Fotherde. Chevers of Killiane, gent. ; R. Esmond of 
Johnstone, Rochford of Tagomane, Manton Synot of Ballebrennan, Robert 
Synot of Balehorron, Cod of Castletowne, Codd of Baleenfane, Codd of Cloess, 
John Stafford of Fursetime, Walshe of Polranctan, Hane of the Hill, Hane of 
Sladde, Walshe of the Buss, Turner of Belleushen, Synott of Ballegerce, Synot 
of Rathdownny, Devroux of Maglas, Witty of Balmacussen, Butler of Butlers- 
towne, Ketinge of Balemakeyan, Sigen of Sigenstoune, Hare of Redestoune, 
Frinss of Balletorie, Symotte of the Growgane, Hare of Harestoune, Esmond of 
Rathlonnane, FitzNicholl of Balecowanne, Rochford of Petettestoune, Hoar of 
lonoclestoune, Ketinge of Balebeg, Wadinge of Asoalye, Synot of Gracekyrock, 
Derraigh O'Drycane of Remotestoune, White of Crommer, Synot of Ballohell, 
Synot of the Berlagh, Codd of Balmakeyrie, Stafford of the Gragene, Gentlemen. 

The Gentlemen of the Barony of Bargie. FitzHarvie of Kilkevan, FitzNicholl 
of Balehartie, Ketinge of Baldenestoune, Hammond Chevers of Balesestene, 



APPENDIX. 257 

Rowsetor of Tomger, Ketinge of Rosselletoune, Nevell of Tallokenaye, Barrie of 
Barriestoune, Devroux of the Woodgrage, Devrox of Caregeschurche, Broune of 
Holdhall, Broune of Rathronarie, Broune of Gragrobben, Tibald Roche of Kill- 
mannane, Wittie of Gentestoune, Prendergast of Sanshill, Hare of the Blackhall, 
Devroux of Coskayll. 

The Gentlemen of the Barony of Shilmalyce. Synnot of Fawlestoune, Synnot 
of Rosgarlande, Hoar of Ballesweillan, Rowsetor of Slevey, Hare of Cronwall, 
Hoar of the Poill, Meyler of the Dirr, Hoar of Muchwodd, Furlonge of Carg- 
mannan, Furlonge of the Blackhall. 

Barony of Bantrye. Butler of Clonkeraigh, Furlonge of Daviestoun, Scurloh 
of the Balgan, Severaigh O'Doyrane of the Chaple, Dowloun M'Moigh of 
Ballegobbane, Dermot Ower M c Moigh of the same, Edmond M c Arte of Bole- 
bann, Arte M'Bren of Tample Wodekann, Teg M c Morrishe Ley of Killovany, 
Caier M c Edmond of Rathepodenboy. 

The Barony of Shilbirne. Ketinge of Dungavestown, Luffane of the Sladd, 
Witye of Dongalpe, Sutone of the Prisugard, Prendergast of Balleforanch, Sutone 
of the Old Courte, Sutone of Balesope, Gent. ; Ketinge of Galleystone. 

The High Constables of the Barony of Ballaighene. Synot Fitzjames of 
Ballevelle, Connell McDonnell Evallo of ... 

The Gentlemen of the same Barony. Synot of the Owlorte, Donnill M c Arte 
of Tobberlomunaugh, Phelan M c Mahon of Balleshemes, Teg M c Mawen of 
Balerowane, Owen M'Arte of Tintubber, Synott of Babberdargh, Morishe Lacy 
of Tomlaine, Teg M c Miertargh of Lougherbege, James M c Brann of Balevek, 
Synott of Ballensar, Synot of Cowledoynge, Donull Dayrane of Killensu, Lisurgh 
M c Teg of Cloane, Cair M c Moriertaigh of the same, Cormack M'Donnell of 
Olortleighe, Edmond M c Arte of Balemute, O'Doyrane of the Dirr, Fardairaigh 
M c Dermott of Ballena, Sawle O'Doyrane of Tentober, Mortaigh O'Doiran of 
Clondae, Shane O'Doyrane of the same, Caier O'Doyrane of Blemony, Synot of 
Garrevadden, Dermott O'Doyran of the Davanargh, Donull O'Doyran of the 
same, Donull MDonnaigh Tusker of Dondrom, Oyn M c Enn of Rahendarg, 
Gerald M c lnnes of the same, Edmond Reaigh of Claranclariss, Dermott Reaigh 
of Ballemony Terrelaigh M c Oyn of the Courte, Synot of Balemoigh, Eff M c Phe- 
lim Art of Kilmannaigh, Oron M c Bran of Ballegresaigh, Shane O'Doyrane of 
Rainduf, Moraigh M c Adin of Baletrasine, Eff M c Urt Bry of Monclough, Teg 
Reagh of the same, Moraigh Reagh of Cloanatty, William M c Teg of Ballegowan, 
Phelim MDonull of Garreden, Donnaigh MMoriertargh of Balegore, Gerald 
M c Moraigh of Balevolo, Terrelaigh M c Moriertagh of the same, Synot of Bale- 

2 K 



258 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

more, Moriertaigh Duf M c Moraigh of Balera, Cair M c Donaigh of Banickard r 
Caier M c Rosse of Ballenellok, Phelim M c Ynnes of Ballevodick, Brenn M c Ynnes 
of the same, Synot of Balenosky, Geer of Garrenusky, Griffin M c Moriertaigh of 
Teighm, Colloigh M c Moriertaigh of Ballevalle, Ef M c Durlaigh of Ballegrand, 
Peppard of Glaskarge, Patrick M c Phelin of Monalstrum, Waffer of Balemony, 
Caier M c Ef of Corranvredy, William M c Edmond of Remremond, Caier Row of the 
Rahine, Edmond M c Carr of Tomduff, Thomas Boy of Ballegerall, James M'Oyn 
of Rathnetesky, Dermot Boy of Moumecloigh, David Mor Phelin of Ascongeray, 
Redmond MThelin of Balemees, Thomas M c Shane of Moymmer, Mortie Nur 
of Ballencurre, Thomas Finne of Ballewallken, Terrelaigh M c Phelin of Ballelosk, 
Broy of Killtynnen, Morraigh Mor of Kilbride, Shane Banne of Clowrann, Teg 
M c Dary of the Slaune, Brassell O'Bolger of Ballevalter, Dermot O'Bolger of the 
same, Donagh M c Gerott of Ballerah, Edmond M c Moraighe of Balleheyne, Der- 
mot M c Yllrem of Baleguffindowe. 

The High Constables of the Barony of Gwery. John Brassell of Balecargin, 
Teg IVTGerote Gill Patrick M c Thoms of Balehedin. 

The Gentlemen of the Barony of Gwery. Hugh Bellaigh M'Dermot of 
Balle, Edmond Duf M c Dermot of Lunnaigh, Donnaigh Oge M'Dermot of 
Balleolotiagh, Terrelaigh M c Creen of Balebane, Colloigh M c Keen of Cal- 
lonok, Teg Bellaigh M c Donnaigh of the Cloane, Art M c Donnell Ban of the 
Balekestan, Gillpatrick M c Donill of Killpatrick, M c Donill of Cowbrodd, Oyn 
MDonill Bane of Killpatrick, Gillpatrick Oge M c Lisaigh of Mongaroe, Walsh of 
Clonranye, Donill Reaigh, M c Phelim of Killmehell, Donnaigh M c Gerrot of the 
same, Moraigh M c Brene of Rathperise, Gerot M'Donill Owr of Ballegolen, Art 
M c Donnaigh Oge of Ballenrana, Donill M c Donnaigh of ... Fairdarraigh 
M c Brane of Ballekargy, Moraigh Duff of Balleege, Braune M Ynnes of Cor- 
ratobbann, Gerot M c Donull of Kildowdy, Gerot M c Oyn of the same, Edmond 
M c Caier of the Cullentraigh, Gerot M c Caier of Balle Arte, Lisaigh Duff M'Ynnes 
of Bellegarie, Phelin M c Moriertaigh Bwy of Killnehell, Terrelaigh Buie M c Kenee 
of Ballemont, Teg M c Miertagh of Rosmaynock, Dyn M c Mousseoge of Ballerayne, 
Edmond M'Brene Bwy of Ballecarall, Morishe M c Donull of Illanstrassock, Art 
Owr M c Moroighe Oge of the Creagh Baleraen, Gerot M c Moroighe Oge of the 
Creegh, Terrelaigh M c Moroighe Oge of the same, Eff MThomas Oge of Ballentee, 
Gerald M'Edmond of Coaleshill, Dermot Owr M'Shemmone of the Gesr, Ed- 
mund M c Moriertaigh of Ballenrath, Moraigh M c Cormicke of Tomcoyle. 

The High Constables of the Barony of Starrowalshe. Synot of Ballevall, 
Moriertaigh M c Donull of Ballenrayse. 



APPENDIX. 259 

Tlie Gentlemen of the Barony of Starro walshe. Dowlen M c Brenn of Tiscorre, 
Owen Donull of Tomm Dire, Richard M c Donull of Garesinotte, Arte M c Caier 
of Babbarne, Arte M'Donull Owr of Killcowlen, Bren M c Donill Owr of Mar- 
shallston, Gillpatrick MMalaghlyn of Ballebockran, Moraigh M c Artmore of 
Straghmor, William M c Donill Owr of Kowllungiste, Morishe M c Donill Owr of 
Marshalstown, Farganman M'Moriertaigh of Asconghin, Donnaigh Ballaigh of 
Monganestone, Donnell M c Ef of Davestoune, Edmond M'Gerot of Baledigane, 
Shane Duff M c Shemes of Ballelosch, Shane Reaigh of Balledegane, Dorlough 
M c Kowllse of Cromok, Teg M c Oyn Mor of the same, Art M c Moriertaigh of 
Clonyardom, Gerotte M c Ynnes of Manglisse, Donull M c Brenne of Balleouddane, 
Dermot Reaigh of Ballecullaigh, Dermot M c Phersone of Mayne, Phersone, 
Robert M'Breene of Rosseharde, Nicholas M c Edmond of the same. 

Copia Vera. 
Per Walter Talbot, Clerke of the Crown and Peace in the County of Wexford. 

Endorsed by Carew Justices of the Peace, Coroners, Constables, Jurymen, &c., 
within the Counties of Kildare, Catherlough, Kilkenny, and Wexford, in 
anno 1608. Abridged from Car. Col., an. 1608, pp. 23-35. 

WICKLOW. See supra, p. 40. 

' Thence (from Wexford) we came to Wicklow, where there appeared such a 
multitude of the natives of that country, that it seemed strange that so many 
souls should be nourished in these wild and barren mountains.' Sir J. Davis, in 
Car. Cal., an. 1606, p. 16. 



260 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



PRESENT REPRESENTATIVES OF THE FAMILIES 

OUJ 1 1598. 



Families of 1 6//z century. 

LOUTH.- 

Plunket, 4 th Baron of Louth. 

Sir J. Bellew of Willystown, M.P. for 
Louth in 1637. 

Gernon of Killencowle d. in 1613 ; 
from his brother, Richard Gernon of 
Gernonstown, descends 

Sir Garret Moore of Mellefont, whose 
father settled in Ireland. 

Sir W. Taaffe, who distinguished him- 
self in fighting against O'Neill. 

Peter Taaffe of Pepparstown. 

DOWN. I 
Russell of Quoniamstown and Bally- 

strew, m. Miss Fleming of Slane ; he 

d. in 1605. 
Patrick Savage, ' Lord of Little Ards,' d. 

in 1603. From his brother descend 
Sir E. Chichester, brother of Sir Arthur, 

who was Lord Deputy in 1604. 
Sir Moses Hill came in 1573; was 

Governor of Olderfleet Castle. 
Captain Needham, a settler. 
Pottinger, a settler. 
Ward, a settler in 1570. 

ANTRIM.- 

Brian Mac Felim O'Neill, Chief of 
Clannaboy, and Senior of the Kinel- 
Owen ; m. i a dau. of Magennis, 2 
a dau. of Brian Carrach O'Neill. 
From his son, Shane M c Brian of 
Edenduffcarrick, now Shane's Castle, 
who d. in 1619, descends 



Representatives in the i gt/i century. 
-See p. 4. 

The 13* Baron of Louth. 

Lord Bellew of Barmeath, Louth ; Sir C. 

Grattan Bellew, Mount Bellew, Gal way. 
Gernon of Hammondstown, Louth, and 

Athcarne Castle, Meath. 

The Marquess of Drogheda, Moore 

Abbey, Kildare. 
The io th Viscount Taaffe of the Castle 

of Elixhaw, Bohemia. 
Taaffe of Sm armor Castle, Louth. 

See p. 6. 
Count Russell of Killough; Dr. Russell, 

President of Maynooth. Ulster J. 

of Arch. 
Savage (now named Nugent) of Porta- 

ferry ; and Savage of Ballymadun. 
The Marquess of Donegal; and Lord 

Templemore. 
The Marquess of Downshire ; and 

Viscount Dungannon. 
Earl of Kilmorey, Morne Park, Down. 
Sir H. Pottinger of Mount Pottinger. 
Viscount Bangor, Castle Warde, Down. 

-See p. 13. 

O'Neill of Ballymoney, Co. Down, a 
farmer, who, since the death of Vis- 
count O'Neill, is head of the Kinel 
Owen. The present Lord O'Neill 
of Shane's Castle is of the family of 
Chichester. O'Donovan's Four 
Masters, p. 1678. 



APPENDIX. 



26l 



Families of 1 6th century. 

Hugh Oge O'Neill of Shanescastle 
joined Tyrone; his son Brian, Lord 
of the Feeva, is ancestor of 

O'Neill of Mullaghgane in the Feevagh. 

Sorley Boy M c Donnell m. a dau. of 
O'Neill i st Earl of Tyrone, and had 
five sons; his eldest son was Sir 
James Lord of the Route and 
Glynnes. His second son was Sir 
Randal I st Earl of Antrim. & Dono- 
van's Four Masters, p. 1896. 



Grogan or Geoghegan of Antrim. His 
son settled in Wexford. 



Cahal O'Hara of the Route, owner of 
Loghgiele, Legan-lic and Crebilly. 

Shane Dhu M c Naughtone came to Ire- 
land in 1580 as Secretary to M c Don- 
nell. 

Dalwaye, who came in 1573, and was 
Mayor of Carrigfergus in 1592. His 
nephew is ancestor of 

J. Dobbs came to Ireland with Sir H. 
Docura in 1596. 

Captain Upton came in 1598. 

ARMAGH.- 

Donnell Mac Canna, Chief of Clan- 
brassil. 

O'Neill of the Fews. 



Sir W. Caulfield, brother of the famous 
Sir Toby Caulfield, a settler. 

Dawson, a settler temp. Eliz. 

Vesey came temp. Eliz. ; his son be- 
came Archdeacon of Armagh. 



Representatives in the igfh century. 
C. H. O'Neill (Clannaboy) Blessington 
Street, Barrister-at-law. 

J. F. O'Neill Lentaigne, of Tallaght, 
Co. Dublin, maternally. 

From Sir James descended Sir Randal 
M'Donnell, Colonel of the Irish 
Brigade, who d. in 1740, when the 
property fell to his brother John. 
From the i st Earl of Antrim descend 
(maternally) the Earl of Antrim, and 
Armstrong-M c Donnell of New Hall, 
Clare, and the Marquess of London- 
derry. 

Grogan Morgan of Johnstown Castle, 
Wexford, represented by Lord Mus- 
kerry, and the daughters of the Earl 
of Granard. 

O'Hara of Cleggan. 

Sir E. Macnachten, Bart., Dunderrane, 
Antrim. 

Dalway of Bella Hill, Carrigfergus. 



Dobbs of Castle Dobbs. 

Viscount Templeton, Castle Upton, 
Antrim. 

-See p. 19. 
The late Major Mac Cann of Louth 

was his representative. O 'Donovan's 

Notes to Tribes of Ireland. 
The Right Hon. R. More O'Ferrall of 

Balyna, Kildare (maternally). MS, 

Pedigree of OMoore, by the last 

CFMoore. 
Earl of Charlemont, Castle Caulfield, 



Lord Cremorne of Dartrey, Monaghan. 
Viscount De Vesci, Abbeyleix, Queen's 
Co. 



262 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

MONAGHAN. See p. 23. 

Families of idth century. Representatives in the iqth century. 

Colonel Sir E. Blayney came in 1598. Lord Blayney, Blaney Castle, Mona- 

ghan. 

FERMANAGH. See p. 24. 

Hugh Maguire, the famous general Hugh Maguire, who mortgaged Tempo; 
of O'Neill's cavalry, and Chief of his eldest son, Constantine, was 
Fermanagh, got two bullets in his murdered in 1834, leaving a son. 
breast in 1599 from Sir Warham St. His second son, Brian, a brave 
Leger, 'whom he strake into the officer and famous fire-eater, left 
brain.' Hugh's brother, Cuconnacht, several sons, who are sailors in coal 
d. in 1608, leaving a son Brian, who vessels sailing between Dublin and 
was restored to a part of his pro- Wales. O 'Donovan's Annals, p. 
perty called Tempodessel, now 2366. 
Tempo. 

Archdall, a settler temp. Eliz. Archdall of Castle Archdall, Fer- 

managh. 
Sir Basil Brooke, Elizabethan officer. Sir V. A. Brooke of Cole-Brook, Bart., 

Fermanagh. 

Barton came with Essex. Barton of Clonelly, Co. Fermanagh -, 

B. of Grove, and B. of Rochestown, 
Tipperary ; B. of Straffan, Kildare. 

TYRONE. See p. 25. 
None. 

COLERAINE OR DERRY. See p. 28. 

O'Kane of Dungiven. O'Kane, gardener to Mr. Bruce of 

Donnhiel, Londonderry. O' Dono- 
van's Annals, p. 1829. 

Donal O'Cahan, Chieftain in 1598. Kyan of Ballymurtagh, Co. Wicklow. 

O'Carolan of Culkeragh Castle. Carolan of Dublin. Cronelly. 

DONEGAL. See p. 29. 

Nial Garbh O'Donnell Baron of Lif- O'Donnell of Ross, in Mayo, 'The 

ford, who was proclaimed O'Donnell O'Donnell,' an officer in the 88 th 

tire. 1602 ; imprisoned in the Tower Regiment ; and Sir R. O'Donnell, 

from 1608 to 1628, where he died. Bart., Newport. 

Hugh Buidhe, next brother of Nial O'Donnell of Larkfield, Co. Leitrim. 

Garbh ; one of his descendants was 

a Field Marshal of Austria, who 

commanded at the battle of Torgau. 



APPENDIX. 



263 



Families of 1 6th century. 

Con Oge O'Donnell, another and 
younger brother of Nial Garbh, was 
slain in 1601 by Hugh Roe O'Don- 
nell's soldiers, who were besieging 
the castle of Donegal, which was 
defended by Niall Garbh. 

John, brother of Sir Cahir O'Docherty, 
Chief of Inishowen. 



Captain Paul Gore, a settler. 

M c Clintock, a settler temp. Eliz. 
Wray of Carnegilla, a settler 
Eliz. (?). 



temp. 



Representatives in the igth century. 
O'Donnell of Castlebar. The Duke 
of Tetuan, in Spain. Graf O'Donell 
von Tyrconell. O' Donovan' s Appen- 
dix to Four Masters, pp. 2378 to 
2420. 

Lieutenant-General Sir R. Doherty, 
son of Doherty of Coolmoyne, Tip- 
perary. 

Sir St. George Gore, Bart., of Manor 
Gore, Donegal. 

M c Clintock of Drumcar, Louth. 

Wray of Oak Park, Donegal. 



DUBLIN. See p. 37. 



The 21" Baron of Howth d. in 1606. 

Archbold of Dublin or Naas. 

Bellew of Weston. Compare note e 

at p. 39. 
Blacknie of Rickenhore. 

Luttrell, of Luttrelstown, whose male 
line ended in the 3"* Earl of Car- 
hampton. 

Alderman Alexander Palles of Dublin, 
whose descendants in Dublin and 
Cavan were attainted in 1641. He 
d. in 1603. 

Sir Christopher Plunket of Dunsoghly. 

Sarsfield of Lucan. 

Walter Segrave of Cabra, Lord Mayor 
in 1588 ; d. in 1621. His son John 
was m. to a dau. of Alderman Fagan 
about the year 1598. 

Sir R. Talbot of Malahide. 

J. Talbot of Templeoge. 

J. Ussher, Mayor of Dublin in 1561 ; 
d. in 1 600, leaving a son, Sir William 
of Donnybrook. 



The Earl of Howth (the 30'" Baron). 
Archbold of Davidstown, Kildare. 
Stronge-Hussey of Westown, Dublin 

(maternally). 
Blackney of Philipstown, late of Bally- 

ellen. 
Luttrell Saunderson of Northbrook 

House, Hants ; and Sir S. H. Stuart 

of Hartley Mauduit, Hants. 
Palles of Mount Palles, Co. Cavan, 

father of Chief Baron Palles. 



Dunne of Brittas and Dunsoghly (ma- 
ternally). 

Colthurst Vesey of Lucan (maternally). 

O'Neill Segrave of Cabra, Dublin, and 
Kiltimon, Wicklow. 



Lord Talbot de Malahide. 
Talbot of Mount Talbot, Roscommon. 
and Talbot-Crosbie of Ardfert, Kerry. 
Ussher of Eastwell House, Galway. 



264 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of 1 6M century. 
Dr. Loftus, Protestant Archbishop of 
Dublin, came to Ireland arc. 1562, 
and d. in 1605. He had 20 children. 



Daniel Molyneux, Ulster-King-of-Arms 
in 1586, whose father came to Ireland 
in 1576; he m. a dau. of Sir W" 1 ' 
Ussher. 

Simon Purdon of Tallaght. 

J. Rider, Dean of St. Patrick's, and 
afterwards Protestant Bishop of 
Killaloe. 



Representatives in the i qtk century. 

Loftus of Ballycurnmin, Co. Dublin, 
descends from the Primate's son, 
Sir Thomas ; and the Marquess of 
Ely (maternally) from his son, Sir 
Dudley of Rathfarnham. 

Sir Capel Molyneux, Bart., Castle 
Dillon, Armagh. Burkes Peerage. 



Purdon of Tinerana, Clare ; Purdon of 

Lisnabin, Westmeath. 
De Rythre of Williamstown, Kildare. 



Byrne of Ballintlea m. a dau. of Byrne 
of Ballycurbeg. 



A son or grandson of J. Byrne of Bal- 
linacor settled at Killany, in Louth, 
circ. 1600. 

O'Toole. 

J. Rochford of Aghery, father of Colonel 
Prime-Iron Rochford, who was exe- 
cuted in 1652. 

Sir E. Brabazon, M.P. for Wicklow in 
1585 ; became Baron Brabazon in 
1616 ; d. in 1625. 

Sir E. Wingfield, a distinguished Eliza- 
bethan officer. 



WICKLOW. See p. 40. 

Lord de Tabley ; Miss Byrne of Cabin- 
teely; Mr. O'Byrne, author of The 
Naval Biography. 

Byrne of Lisnawilly, Louth ; Byrne of 
Allardstown. 



O'Toole of Buxton, Co. Wexford. 
Rochford of Cloughgrenane, Carlow. 



The Earl of Meath, Kilruddery, Wick- 
low ; Brabazon of Mornington ; 
Brabazon of Rath House. 

Viscount Powerscourt, of Powerscourt, 
Wicklow. 



KILDARE. ; 

Thomas FitzGerald, brother of the 14 th 
Earl of Kildare, whose monument is 
in the church of Walton-upon- 
Thames. Archdall. 

Aylmer of Lyons. 

Sir Gerald Aylmer of Donadea, son of 
George A. of Cloncurrie, and grand- 
son of Richard A. of Lyons, was a 
Baronet in 1621. 



See p. 44. 

The 4* Duke of Leinster, of Carton, 
Kildare (who is 23"* Earl of Kildare); 
Lord de Ros of Strangford, County 
Down. 

Aylmer of Deny House, Tipperary ; 
Aylmer of Painstown, Kildare. 

Sir G. Aylmer, Bart, of Donadea 
Castle, Kildare; Aylmer of Walworth 
Castle, near Darlington; and (per- 
haps) Aylmer of Courtown, Kildare. 



APPENDIX. 



2 6 5 



Families of i dt/i century. 

Sir H. Covvley of Castle Carberry, 
grandson of Walter Cowley, Solicitor- 
General of Ireland in 1537- 

W 1 "- Eustace, brother of the 3 rd Viscount 
Baltinglass, who rebelled in 1583 ; 
m. Miss Ashe of Great Fornaughts, 
Kildare. 

Lattin of Morristown-Lattin. 



Whyte of Leixlip d. in 1599, leaving a 

son aged 16. 
Wolfe of Forenaghts. 
Burrowes m. a dau. of Sir A. Savage of 

Rheban, and z ly , in 1585, a Miss 

Eustace of Gilltown. 
Dr. Meredith, Protestant Bishop of 

Kildare in 1589. 

R. Weldon, came temp. Eliz. ; his son 
Walter was of St. John's Bower, 
Kildare. 



Representatives in the \<)th century. 

The Earl of Mornington, of Dangan 
Castle, Meath ; the Duke of Wel- 
lington ; Lord Cowley. 

Eustace of Robertstown, Kildare, who 
claims the title ; Eustace of Corbally, 
Queen's Co. 

Mansfield of Morristown-Lattin; Lattin 
Thunder of The Lodge, Westmeath, 
both maternally. 

Whyte of Loughbrickland, Down, Cap- 
tain of H.M.S. the Warrior. 

Wolfe of Bishop's Land, Kildare. 

Sir E. Burrowes, Bart., of Gilltown. 
Kildare. 

Sir E. Meredith, Bart., Madaleen, Kil- 
kenny ; Sir H. Meredith, Bart., of 
Carlandstown, Meath. 

Sir A. Weldon, Bart., Rahenderry, 
Kildare. 



CARLOW. See p. 50. 



Butler of Cloughgrenan, who became a 

Baronet in 1628. 
Doyle of Clonmoney (?). 
Morgan Kavanagh of Borris, who d. 

in 1636. 
Kavanagh of Ballyleigh. 



Drought of Co. Carlow, arc. 1600 ; they 
seem to have been in Ireland since 
the 1 3th century. 



Sir E. Butler, Bart., of Garryhundon, 

Carlow. 

Sir F. H. Doyle, Bart. 
M'Morough Kavanagh of Borris House, 

Carlow. 
Kavanagh of Bauck, near St. Mallins, 

Carlow. (JDonovarfs Four Masters, 

1839, note. 
Drought of Lettybrook, King's Co. 



WEXFORD. See p. 57. 



Cheevers of Ballyhaly. 

Devereux of Ballybarna in 1598, de- 
scended from Devereux of Balmagir. 

Sir L. Esmonde of Johnstown com- 
manded in 1601 a troop of 150 horse 
and foot ; he became Lord Limerick 
in 1622. 



Cheevers of Killyan, Galway. 
Devereux of Ballyrankin House, Wex- 

ford. 
Sir J. Esmonde, Bart., of Ballynastra, 

Wexford. Sir B. Burke; but see 

above, circ. p. 255. 

2 L 



266 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of 1 6th century. 

N. Forde of Coolgreany d. in 1605. 

Hore of Pole Hore. 

Hore of Harperstown m. in 1607 adau. 
of Keating of Kilcoan. 

Kenny of Kenny's Hall, Royal Com- 
missioner, Escheator and Feodary 
General in 1596; he died in 1621. 

Lambert of Ballyhire, who d. in 
1631. 

A. Peppard of Glascarrig, grandson of 
Patrick Peppard of Louth. 

Rossiter andDevereux, 'ancient houses, 
whose heiress, Letitia Little,' m. the 
ancestor of 

Stephen Synnot, son of Synnot of Bally- 
tramon. 

Talbot, Clerk of the Crown for Wex- 
ford, m. a dau. of Bolane of Talbots- 
town, Wexford; and his son m. a 
dau. of Sir W. Synnot of Ballyfarnage. 

Bryan Tenche of Mullinderry. 

Captain Paul Gore settled temp. Eliz. 



Rev. T. Ram came in 1599; he was 

Bishop of Ferns in 1605. 
Swan came with Essex in 1599. 



Representatives in the \f)th century. 
Forde of Seaforde, Down. 
Hore of Pole Hore. 
Hore of Harperstown, Wexford. 

Kenny of Kilclogher, and Kenny of 
Correndoo, in Galway ; Kenny of 
Ballyforan, Roscommon. 

Lambert of Caruagh, Wexford. 

Peppard of Cappagh House, Limerick. 

Sir W. Sarsfield-Rositer-Cockburn, 
Bart., of Cockburn, Berwickshire. 

Synnot of Ballymoyer, Armagh. 
Talbot of Castle Talbot, Co. Wexford. 



Tenche of Ballyhaly House, Wexford. 

The Earl of Arran, Saunderscourt, 
Wexford; Sir G. Gore-Booth, Bart, 
of Lissadill, Sligo; Gore ofWoodford, 
Leitrim. 

Ram of Ramsfort, Wexford. 

Swan of Baldwinstown, Wexford. 



KILKENNY. See p. 67. 



The 2 d Viscount Mountgarret. 

Richard Baron, alias FitzGerald, the 
Baron of Burnchurch. 

Bryan of Bawnmore. 

E. Butler, i st Lord Galmoy, son of 
Butler of Duiske Abbey. 

Gerald Grace (Marcach or the Horse- 
man) d. in 1618; his son Oliver 
(Sciavach or the Handsome) d. in 
1626; his grandson lost 17,000 acres 
of land under Cromwell. 



The 14* Viscount Mountgarret. 

Sir Henry P. T. Baron, Bart., Baron 
Court ; Baron of Carrig Baron. 

Bryan of Jenkinstown, Kilkenny. 

Garret Butler of Garrendenny, Queen's 
Co., who claims the title. 

Sir W. Grace, Bart., of Grace Castle, 
Kilkenny ; Grace of Mantua, Ros- 
common. 



APPENDIX. 



267 



Families of 1 6M century. 
Purcell of Rathetam. 



Sir R. Shee of Upper Court and Cloran 
d. in 1608. 



Elias Shee of Clanmore, brother of Sir 
Richard. 

Sir G. Flower, a distinguished Eliza- 
bethan officer, appears to have settled 
in Kilkenny. 



Representatives in the \f)th century. 

Purcell of the Little Island, Waterford, 
who bears the name of Purcell- 
FitzGerald, and is seated at Boulge 
Hall, Suffolk. 

From his son Lucas descends Shee of 
Cloran ; from his son Marcus comes 
Power O'Shee of Sheestown, Kil- 
kenny, and Gardenmorris, Waterford ; 
Colonel Count O'Shee in France. 

Sir G. Shee, Bart., Dunmore, Galway. 

Viscount Ashbrook, Castle Durrow, 
Kilkenny. 



QUEEN'S COUNTY. See p. 73. 



FitzPatrick, 3 rd Lord of Upper Ossory, 
m. a dau. of O'More. 

Barnaby O'Dunne of Brittas, Chief of 
Iregan, d. in 1614. 

O'Lalor of Desert, brother of the Chief 
of that name. His son or grandson, 
the Confederate Major, Jeremiah 
Lawlor, settled in Tipperary arc. 
1666 ; he d. in 1709, aged 83. 

Calbhach O'More, uncle of the Chief, 
Owney M c Rory O'More, petitioned 
Elizabeth for his country of Leix ; 
he was transplanted to Balyna, the 
property of the Delahoyds of Kildare. 
In 1600 he m. a dau. of Scurlog of 
the Frayne, Co. Meath. 

Pigott, who got a grant of Dysart in 
1562, had a son, Sir A. Pigott of 
Dysart. 

Cosby of Stradbally Abbey, whose 
father and brother were slain at the 
battle of Stradbally Bridge, fighting 
against the O'Mores. 

Brereton got in 1594 grants of Shana- 
mullen, etc. 



FitzPatrick of Grantstown Manor, 
Queen's Co. ; Baron de Robeck of 
Gowran Grange, Kildare (maternally). 

Dunne of Brittas, Queen's Co. ; Doyne 
of Wells, Wexford, is said to be of 
the same stock. 

Lalor of Cregg, and (maternally) Power 
Lalor of Long Orchard, in Tipperary. 



Right Hon. R. More-O'Ferrall of Balyna, 
Kildare, great grandson of James, 
the last O'More, who d. in 1779. 
MS. History of the O'Mores, written 
in 1775 by the last O'More, whose 
only child m. Richard O'Ferrall, 
Esq., of Ballinree, Longford. 

Sir C. Pigott, Bart., Knapton, Queen's 
Co. 

Cosby of Stradbally Hall, Queen's Co. 



Brereton of Carrigslany, Carlow. 



268 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of i 6th century. 
Sir C. Coote of Castle Cuffe served 
against O'Neill. 



Representatives in the i <)th century. 

Sir C. Coote, Bart, of Ballyfin, Queen's 

Co.; Sir C. Coote, Bart., Dublin. 



Brassil Fox of Kilcoursey, Chief of his 
name, m. a dau. of Mac Geoghegan 
of Castletovvn ; he died in 1639 ; he 
was nephew of Hubert ' The Fox,' 
who d. in 1600. 

Mac Cochlain. 



KING'S COUNTY. See p. 81. 



O'Carroll. 



' Cahir, Maurice and John O'Connor 
were the last who obtained the chief- 
tainship in 1600.' One of these, 
says Sir B. Burke, was ancestor of 

O'Molloy of Fircale. 

Briscoe m. Eleanor Kearney of Scraghe, 
near Tullamore ; from an inscription 
over the door of the now ruined 
castle of Scraghe, it seems he built 
that castle in 1588. 

Sir J. Moore of Croghan Castle, whose 
father settled at Croghan. 

L. Parsons, brother of Sir William the 
Lord Justice. 



Fox of Kilcoursey, King's Co. 



The last chief died 40 years ago, and 
his estates passed to the Dalys and 
Armstrongs. O 'Donovan's Notes to 
the Annals, under the year 1585. 
Mr. Coghlan, near Castlebar, Mayo, 
is head of one of the most respect- 
able branches. Notes to Tribes of 
Ireland. 

The late Marchioness of Wellesley, 
whose grandfather in America was 
the undoubted head of that name. 
Notes to Annals, an. 1585. 

O'Connor of Mount Pleasant, who d. 
in 1818. His daughters m. the Earl 
of Desart, Tuite of Sonna, and Rev. 
B. Morris, whose descendant is now 
O'Connor Morris of Gortnamona or 
Mountpleasant. 

O'Molloy of Clonbela, King's Co. 
Notes to Annals an. 1585, and Tribes 
of Ireland. 

Briscoe of Riversdale, Westmeath. 



Earl of Charleville (maternally). 

The Earl of Rosse, Parsonstown, King's 
Co. 



Preston, 4"' Viscount Gormanston. 
Plunkett, 9'" Lord Killeen. 



MEATH. See p. 92. 



13* Viscount Gormanston, Meath. 
The Earl of Fingal, Killeen Castle, 
Meath, ig" 1 Lord Killeen. 



APPENDIX. 



269 



Families of i dth century. 
Plunkett, 8 th Lord Dunsany. 

Barn wall, 6 th Baron of Trimlestown, 

d. in 1598, and was succeeded by 

his son Robert. 
Aylmer of Balrath. I think he was a 

son of ' Elmer of Dullardslown,' 

Meath. 
Sir Patrick Bamwall of Crickstown. 



Bath of Knightstown. 

Cheevers of Macetown perhaps recte 

Moreton. 
Cromp of Muchalstown. 

R. Cusack, 14* Lord of Gerrards- 
town, d. in 1632 ; his tomb is in 
Killeen Church. 

D'Arcy of Dunmow m. a dau. of 
Brandon of Dundalk. 

Dease of Kilrue. 
Dillon of Lismullen. 

Drake of Drakerath. 

Patrick Everard of Randalstown d. in 
1611. 

John Netterville of Dowth, M.P. for 
Meath in 1585, d. in 1601, leaving 
a son, who became Viscount Netter- 
ville. 

Plunket of Rathmore, born in 1563, m. 
a dau. of Dillon of Moymet. 

Honourable Martin Preston m. in 1584 
Alison Herbert. 

Richard Read of Meath, who d. in 
1631. 

Dr. Jones, Protestant Bishop of Meath 
from 1584 to 1605. 

Teeling of Mullagha. 



Representatives in the iqth century. 
The 1 6 th Baron Dunsany, Dunsany 

Castle, Meath. 
The 1 6 th Baron of Trimlestown, Turvey, 

Dublin. 

Lord Aylmer, Baron of Balrath. 



Sir Reginald Bamwall, Bart, of 
Crickstown ; seat, Grenanstown, 
Meath. 

Sir H. De Bathe of Knightstown, 
Meath. 

Cheevers of Killyan, Galway. 

Crumpe of Co. Kerry. See Miss 
Hickson's Records of Kerry. 

Cusack of Gerardstown; seat, Abbe- 
ville House, Dublin. Barker of 
Dunboyne, Meath (maternally). 

D'Arcy of High Park, Westmeath; and 
(maternally) D'Arcy Irvine of Castle 
Irvine, Fermanagh. 

O'Reilly Dease, Charleville, Louth. 

Sir J. Dillon, Bart., Lismullen, 
Meath. 

Drake (late) of Roristown, Co. 
Meath. 

Everard of Randalstown. 

Viscount Netterville. 



Lentaigne of Tallaght, Dublin (ma- 
ternally). 
Preston of Ballinter, Meath. 

Read of Wood Parks, Scariff. 
Viscount Ranelagh. 

Captain Teeling, Leitrim Rifles, late of 
the Pontifical Zouaves. 



270 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



WESTMEATH. See p. 102. 



Families of 1 6th century. 
The 14 th Baron of Delvin d. in 1602 ; 
his son became Earl of Westmeath 
in 1621. 



Dease of Turbotstown. 

Sir Patrick Fox of Moyvore, of the 

elder branch of the O'Caharnys or 

Foxes, d. in 1618. 
Magawly of Calry. 
Mageoghegan, Chief of Kinaleaghe. 



Nugent of Carlandstown d. in 1599. 
Nugent of Clonlost d. in 1613. 
Nugent of Coolamber. 

Nugent of Donore m. in 1580, a dau. 

of Barnwall of Crickstown ; he d. in 

1616. 
Nugent of Dysart succeeded his brother 

in 1620 ; his wife was dau. of O'Fer- 

rall of Mornin. 

Tuite of Sonagh, born circ. 1588, made 

Baronet in 1622. 
Sir E. Packenham came with Sydney 

in 1576 ; his grandson had the lands 

of Tullynally, Westmeath. 
Captain Piers came to Ireland in 1566; 

got 1000 marks in 1569 for bringing 

the head of Shane O'Neill ; got the 

Abbey of Tristernagh. 
Captain Pollard of Essex's army came 

in 1598 or 1599. 



Representatives in the igtk century. 

The Earl of Westmeath, who is 23"* Baron 
of Delvin ; seat, Pallas, Co. Galway. 
Also Count Nugent of Killasonna, 
and Prince Nugent of Austria ; ma- 
ternally the children of Lord Greville 
of Clonyn. 

Dease of Turbotstown. 

Fox of Fox Hall, Longford. 



Count Magawly-Cerati. 

O'Neill of Bunowen Castle, Co. Galway, 
whose real name is Magedghegan; 
maternally, the late Sir R. Nagle of 
Jamestown. 

Maternally, the Duke of Buckingham. 

Nugent of Clonlost. 

Maternally, J. Conmee, Esq., Kings- 
land, Co. Roscommon. 

Sir Walter Nugent of Donore, ma- 
ternally. The name of his family 
was FitzGerald. 

Count Nugent of Ballynacorr, West- 
meath (maternally) ; Nugent of 
Portaferry, and Sir C. Nugent, Bart., 
of Ballinlough. 

Sir M. Tuite, Bart., of Kilruane, Tippe- 
rary ; Tuite of Sonagh, Westmeath. 

The Earl of Longford, Packenham 
Hall, Westmeath. 

Sir E. F. Piers of Tristernagh Abbey, 
Westmeath, 8 th Baronet. 



Pollard Urquhart of Castle Pollard, 
Westmeath. 



O'Ferrall of Ballinree, &c. 



LONGFORD. Seep. 113. 

Right Hon. R. More O'Ferrall, Balyna 
House, Kildare, and Ballinree, 
Longford. 



APPENDIX. 



271 



Families of i6f/i century. 
O'Farrel of Mornin. 



Sir Francis Shaen (O'Farrell). 

The Edgworths settled tire. 1583. 
The brother of Edgworth, Bishop 
of Down and Connor, was ancestor 
of 



Representatives in the i gth century. 
Maternally, O'Farrell of Dalystown, 

Galway ; and Nugent of Ballinacorr, 

Westmeath. 
Maternally, Kirwan of Castlehacket, 

Galway. 
The Edgeworths of Edgeworthstown 

and Kilshrswly, Longford. 



CAVAN. Seep. 117. 



Edmund O'Reilly of Kilnacrott, 
Chieftain, who d. in 1601. 



O'Reilly, whose descendant was Hugh 
O'Reilly of Ballinlough, Westmeath. 

Nugent of Enagh, Cavan, son of Nugent 
of Rathwire, Meath. 

Sir Oliver Lambert came with Essex, 
became Baron of Cavan in 1617. 

Hamilton of Coronary. 



O'Reillys of Heath House, Queen's 
Co. ; of Knock Abbey, Louth ; Count 

' O'Reilly of Cuba ; O'Reilly, Attor- 
ney-General in Jamaica; O'Reillys 
of Baltrasna and Scarvagh. O' Dono- 
van's Notes to Annals, year 1601. 

Sir Charles Nugent, Bart., of Ballin- 
lough, Westmeath. 

Nugent of Bobsgrove, Cavan. 

The Earl of Cavan ; Lambart of Beau 

Park. 
Hamilton of Abbotstown, Dublin. 



O'Brien, 5"' Baron of Inchiquin. 
Brady of Tomgrany. 
James Butler of Shanagollen. 
Comyn of Kilcorney. 
FitzGerald of Rynana. 

Hickie, near Killaloe. 
MacMahon, Chief of Corcabhascin. 



Finin Mac Namara of Rosroe d. in 

1 60 1. His son Shioda was ancestor 

of 
His son Convea Reaghof Clonmoynagh 

and Ardclony, who d. in 1625, was 

ancestor of 



CLARE. Seep. 124. 

The Duke of Leinster (maternally). 

Brady of Myshall Lodge, Co. Carlow. 

Butler of Ballyline, Co. Clare. 

Comyn of Woodstock, Galway. 

Sir A. FitzGerald, Newmarket-on-Fer- 
gus, Clare. 

Hickie of Killelton, Kerry. 

Coppinger of Barryscourt, Cork (ma- 
ternally). Tribes of Ireland, notes. 

M c Mahon, Marshal, President of the 
French Republic, is of this race. 

Mac Namara of Ayle, Clare. 



Maj or M c Namara Bouchier (maternally). 



272 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of 1 6t/i century. 
Mac Namara, of a junior branch of 

the ' Eastern M c Namaras.' 
O'Brien of Carraduff, whose son Donal 

lost his lands in 1652. 
O'Brien of Duagh. 



O'Briens of Leaghmenagh and Dromo- 
land. 

O'Brien, son of Sir Tirlough O'Brien. 



O'Hogan of Cross. 
O'Loghlin. 



O'Molony of Kiltannon, whose grand- 
son was Bishop of Limerick in 1687. 

Cuffe, merchant of Ennis, and nephew 
of Hugh Cuffe, who got 6000 acres 
of the Desmond lands. 

Lewin settled in Ireland in 1586. 



Representatives in the iqth century. 

Mac Namara of Ennistymon. O 'Dono- 
van's Notes to Atmals, year 1585. 

O'Brien of Ballynalacken. 

(Maternally) Marshal MacMahon, 
President of the French Republic. 
Cronelly's Irish Families. 

Lord Inchiquin of Dromoland ; Staf- 
ford O'Brien of Blatherwicke, Nor- 
thamptonshire. 

O'Brien of Glencolumkille, Clare. 

Donovan's Notes to year 1585 of 
the Annals. 

O'Brien of Ballynalacken, Clare (ma- 
ternally). 

O'Loghlin of Newtown ; Sir Colman 
O'Loghlen is a junior branch. 

1 Donovan's Notes to Annals, an. 

IS85- 

The Molonys of Kiltannon and Gra- 
nahan, Clare. 



Ross-Lewin of Ross Hill, Clare. 



GALWAY. See p. 131.. 
Ulick, 3 rd Earl of Clanrickarde, d. in The Marquess (is th Earl) of Clan- 



1601. 
Edmund Burke of Kilcornan, son of 

the 3 rd Earl of Clanrickarde. 
The 13'" Lord Athenry d. in 1614. 



rickarde, Portumna, Galway. 
(Maternally) Redington of Kilcornan. 



Bermingham of Dalgan, Galway; and 
(maternally) Lords Howth and 
Clonbrock. 

Athy of Renville, Galway. 

Lord Wallscourt, Ardfry, Galway. 



Athy of Galway. 

Robert Blake of Ardfry, father of the 

Speaker of the Supreme Council. 
Andrew Blake of Cummer and Bally- 

glunin. 
V. Blake FitzWalter FitzThomas, 

Mayor of Galway in 1611; a Bart. 

in 1622. 
Blake, Mayor of Galway in 1564, m. a Blake of Renvyle, Galway. 

dau. of Valentine French. 



Blake of Balglunin, Galway ; and Sir 

Blake, Bart., of Langham, Suffolk. 
Sir V. Blake, Bart., of Menlo, Galway. 



APPENDIX. 



2 73 



Families of 1 6th century. 
Blake, son of Marcus Blake of Galway, 

bought lands in Mayo from David 

O'Kelly of Dunamona; he d. in 

1633. 
FitzRichard Blake of Kiltullagh Castle, 

Mayor of Galway in 1578. 
Bodkin, Sheriff of Galway in 1570, was 

father of John Bodkin. 
Browne of Barna m. a dau. of Sir 
' Morogh O'Flaherty ; he d. in 1596. 

His son Oliver is ancestor of 
His son Geoffrey ancestor of 

His son Thomas. 

His son James. 

His son Andrew. 

Ulicke Burke of Castlehacket, son of 

John Burke, and Miss O'Kelly of 

Mullaghmore. 
\Burke of Glinsk, Lord of Clanconow. 

Burke of Gortenacuppoge. 
Burke of Meelick. 

Theobald Butler of Gregg. 

D'Arcy Riavagh (the swarthy) Vice- 
President of Connaught, d. in 1603. 
His monument is in the Franciscan 
Abbey, Galway. 

Thomas Dillon of Clonbrock in Gal- 
way, and Curraboy in Roscommon, 
Chief Justice of Connaught, d. in 
1606. 

William Dolphin of Turoe. 

Redmond Dolphin of Brackloonmore. 
Fonte, Mayor of Galway. 

Ffrench of Castle Ffrench. 

French of Monivea Castle d. in 1618. 

French of Mulpit.. 

Patrick Kirwan of Cregg. 



Representatives in the i qth century. 
Blake of Ballynafad, Mayo. 



Blake of Kiltullagh, and Blake of Cregg. 
Bodkin of Annagh, Galway. 
Browne of Kilskeagh, Galway. 



Lord Oranmore and Browne ; Browne 

of Browne Hall, Mayo. 
The Brownes of Newtown, Ardskea, 

and Cooloo. 
Browne of Tuam. 
Browne of Moyne. 
Burke of Ower. 



Sir J. L. Burke of Glinsk, i i th Baronet ; 
also Burke of Knocknagur. 

Sir T. J. Burke of Marble Hill (alias 
Gortenacuppoge), 3"* Baronet 

Burke of Elm Hall, Tipperary ; Burkes 
of Slatefieldand St. Cleran's, Galway. 

Butler of Cregg. 

D'Arcy of Newforest , D'Arcy of Well- 
fort, and D'Arcy of Kiltulla, all 
in Galway. 

Lord Clonbrock of Clonbrock, Galway. 
See ArchdaltsLodge,\Q\.\v., p. 138. 



Dolphin of Turoe, and Dolphin of 

Danesfort, Galway. 
Dolphin of Corr, Galway. 
Geoffrey Fonte d. in 1814, aged 104, 

the last of the race. Hardiman. 
Lord Ffrench of Castle French, Galway. 
French of Monivea Castle, Galway. 
St. George of Tyrone House, Galway. 
Kirwan of Bawnmore. 

2 M 



274 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of \bth century. 
Edmund Airgid Kirvvan (2 nd son of 

Patrick Kirwan of Gregg) d. in 1608. 
Martin O'Quirivane of Tobercaoch (Blind 

Well). 
Lawrence of Ballymore, whose father 

settled in that place, m. in 1603 a 

dau. of Garret Moore of Breeze, 

Mayo. 
Martin of Ross ; his son Jasper d. in 

1630. 

Martin of Tullyra. 
In 1578 O'Daly of Killymore got a 

grant of the manor of Larha ; his 

sons were Teig and Donough. 
O'Donelan, Protestant Archbishop of 

Tuam, 'though neverin HolyOrders.' 

Murrough na d'Tuagh O'Flaherty, 

'Chief of all the O'Flaherties ' in 

1598. 

O'Halloran of Barna. 
O'Kelly of Aughrim Castle. 
Hugh Caoch O'Kelly of Mullaghmore, 

Chief in 1598. 
Conor na Gearbhach O'Kelly of Gal- 

lagh, sub-chief of Hy-Many, d. in 

1612. 
Donall O'Madden. 



Gilladubh O'Shaughnessy. 

Sir Dermot O'Shaughnessy, who d. in 
1606. 



Skerret. 

Blakeney, who settled temp. Elizabeth. 



Representatives in the I <)th century. 

Maitland-Kirwan of Dalgin, Mayo, and 
Gelston Castle, N.B. 

Kirwan of Blindwell, and perhaps Kir- 
wan of Moyne. 

Lawrence of Lisreaghan. 



Martin of Ross House, Galway. 

Martin of Tullyra Castle, Galway. 
Daly, Lord Dunsandle, of Dunsandle, 
Galway. 

The Donelans of Ballydonelan, of Hills- 
wood, of Sylane and Peter's Well, 
and of Killagh, all in Galway. 

O'Fflahertie of Lemonfield, Galway. 
O' 'Donovan's Notes to year 1585 of 
Annals. 

Lynch of Barna, Galway, (maternally). 

Kelly of Newtown. Hy-Many. 

Kelly of Castle Kelly, and Count 
O'Kelly of Montauban. Hy-Many. 

Count Conor O'Kelly of Ticooly, for- 
merly of Gallagh, Co. Galway. 
O Donovan's Hy-Many. 

Madden of Streamstown. Notes to 
Annals, an. 1585. (Maternally) 
More-O'Ferrall of Ballyna. MS. 
Account of the O' Mores, by James, 
the last of the O Mores. 

Mr. Bartholomew O'Shaughnessy of 
Galway.- O 1 Donovan. 

The late Catholic Bishop of Killaloe ; 
Sir W. O'Shaughnessy of Calcutta; 
the late James O'Shaughnessy of 
Clongowes, Kildare ; R a - O'Shaugh- 
nessy, Esq., M.P. for Limerick. See 
O' Donovan's Annals. 

Skerret of Finvara, Clare ; Skerret of 
Athgoe Park, Co. Dublin. 

Blakeney of Abbert, Castle Blakeney, 
Galway. 



APPENDIX. 



275 



MAYO. See p. 140. 



Families of i (>th century. 
Bingham of Castlebar, whose father, 

the Governor of Sligo, was killed in 

IS96. 

Bourke of Moneycrower. 
Richard Ruadh Bourke of Rathroe 

Castle, Inniscoe, and Carrowkeel, 

m. a dau. of M c \Villiam. 
Browne of the Neale, High Sheriff of 

Mayo, whose grandson was made a 

Baronet in 1622. 



Sir C. Dillon of Bealalahin, son of the 

I st Viscount Dillon. 
Shane M c Costelloe of Castlemore, 

Chief, m. in 1586 a dau. of O'Kelly 

of Screggs, Roscommon. 
Edmund M'Jordan, Chief in 1586. 
O'Higgins of Moyna. 
O'Malley (son of Brian) of Morska 

Castle. 
O'Malley (Edmund), nephew of Grana- 

uille O'Malley, b. 1579, d. 1651. 
Captain Atkinson, Elizabethan officer. 



Representatives in the \ gt/i century. 

The Earl of Lucan, Castlebar, Mayo ; 

Lord Clanmorris, Newport, Mayo. 

The Earl of Mayo, Co. Kildare. 
Bourke of Carrowkiel ; Bourke of Cur- 
raghleagh. 

Lord Kilmaine of the Neale ; Marquess 
of Sligo, Westport, Mayo ; Browne of 
Breafy, now Sir C. M. de Beauvoir, 
Johnstown, Dublin ; Browne of Ma- 
nulla ; Browne of Raheens, Mayo. 

Viscount Dillon, Loughglynn, Ros- 
common. 

Costelloe of Edmundstown, Mayo. 

Jordan of Rosslevin Castle, Mayo 

Higgins of Westport. 

Sir W. O'Malley, Bart., Rose Hill, Mayo. 

O'Malley of The Lodge, Co. Mayo. 
Atkinson of Rehins, Co. Mayo. 



SLIGO. See p. 144. 



Donal O'Conor-Sligo. 



O'Crean of Annagh. 

Dathi O'Dowda, son of Dathi (slain in 
1594) and nephew of O'Dowda, 
elected by O'Donnell in 1595. 



The last Chief, General O'Conor-Sligo, 
d. in 1756 ; the last Lady of the 
House of Hapsburg erected a monu- 
ment to him in the Church of St. 
Gudule, Brussels. The present 
senior of the race is a farmer. The 
descendants, maternally, are M c Der- 
mot of Coolavin, and O'Connor- 
Donellan of Sylane. 

Crean-Lynch of Clogher House, Mayo 
(maternally). 

O'Dowda of Bunnyconnelan, 43 rd in 
descent from Eochaidh, Monarch of 
Ireland in 358. Hy-Fiachra,pedigrec 
by O Donovan. 



276 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of 1 6th century. 
Cormac O'Hara of Coolany m. a dau. 

O'Gallagher; he d. in 1612; his 

son Teig was High Sheriff in 1608. 
Sir Tibbot Dillon of Costello Gallen, 

Sligo. 
French of Gortrassy, and Sessueman 

Castle, Co. Sligo, m. a dau. of O'Con- 

nor-Sligo; he d. in 1624. 
Patrick French obtained an estate from 

Donagh O'Conor-Sligo. 
George Bingham, Governor of Sligo 

in 1596. 
Dodwell settled at Tanrago drc. 1590. 



Representatives in the igf/i century. 
O'Hara of Annaghmore, Co. Sligo 
(maternally). 

Viscount Dillon of Loughglynn, Ros- 

common. 
Lord de Freyne, Co. Roscommon. 



French of Cloonyquin, Co. Roscommon. 
Lord Clanmorris, Newbrook, Mayo. 
Dodwell of Glenmore. 



LEITRIM. See p. 147. 



Magrannell of Magh-Rein, Chief of his 
name. 



O'Rourk. 

O'Rourke of Dromehaire. 



The last head was Squire Reynolds, 
who was murdered at Sheemore, Co. 
Leitrim. His dau. is Mrs. MNa- 
mara of Lough Scur House. Tribes 
of Ireland, p. 35. 

Prince O'Rork of Russia. 

O'Rourke of Ballybollen, Co. Antrim. 



ROSCOMMON. 



Brian M c Dermot of Carraig Locha Ce 

(now Rockingham). 
O'Beirn, Chief of Tir-bruin na Sinna. 

Sir Hugh O'Conor Don of Ballintubber, 
b. in 1541, submitted in 1581, d. in 
1632. He mar. a d. of Sir Brian 
O'Rourke. 

O'Conor Roe. 

Rory O'Kelly of Aughrane, Lord of 
the Manor of Screen, and High 
Sheriff of the Co. of Roscommon in 
1590, m. a dau. of O'Kelly of Belana- 
more, or of MEdmond of Gaille", 
and had two sons Wm. Reagh and 
Captain Colla. Wm. Reagh's sons 
entered into Holy Orders. Colla d. 
in 1615 ; his descendants are 



M c Dermot, ' Prince of Coolavin.' 

O'Beirn of Dangan-I-Beirn in the same 
territory. 0' Donovan . 

O'Conor Don; O'C. of Mount Druid, 
of Dundermott, and of Milton. Cf. 
Memoir of the O'Connors, by R. 
O'Connor, Esq., also The Annals. 

O'Conor Roe of Tomona; O'Conor 
Roe of Lanesborough. 

Kelly of Castle Kelly ; Count Conor 
O'Kelly, officer of Grenadiers in 
France, 43 rd in descent from Maine 
Mdr; Thomas L. Kelly, Esq., of 
Gardiner Street, Dublin. See Tribes 
and Customs of Hy-Many for an 
account of the Roscommon families. 



APPENDIX. 



277 



Families of i6th century. 
O' Kelly of Athleague. 
Conor Na Garvach O'Kelly of Gallagh. 

Captain Anthony O'Mulloy, called the 
Green Mulloy,' got land in Ros- 
common early in Elizabeth's reign ; 
had a son, ' the Great Mulloy of 
Uchterthera,' Governor of Roscom- 
mon. 

Moylin O'Mulconry of Tullon, ' The 
O'Mulconry,' m. a dau. of Teig 
O'Flanagan, Caencloin. 

O'Nachtan, Chief of the Fews in the 
barony of Athlone. 

J. Crofton of Ballymurray, Auditor- 
General. 



Sir J. King of the Abbey of Boyle. 
Lyster of Milltown Pass. 



Representatives in the iqtA century. 

Kelly of Glencarra, Co. Westmeath. 

Conor O'Kelly of Ticooly, 42" in de- 
scent from Maine Mor. 

Mulloy of Hughstown, Co. Roscom- 
mon. 



Sir J. Conroy, Bart, of Bettifield, Ros- 
common, and Pennant Hall, Mont- 
gomeryshire. 

Naughton of Thomastown Park. Hy- 
Many, p. 71. 

Baron Crofton of Mote Park, Ros- 
common ; Sir M. Crofton, Bart., of 
Mohill House, Leitrim ; Sir Malby 
Crofton, Bart., of Longford House, 
Sligo. 

Viscount Lorton ; Earl of Kingston. 

Lyster of Lysterfield. 



WATERFORD. 



Lord Power. 

The Lord FitzGerald of Decies. 



Aylward of Fathlegg. 

Edward FitzGerald of the Little 
Island. 

FitzGerald of Gurteens. 

Grant of Ballygrant. 

Walter Mansfield (perhaps originally 
Mandeville) m. a dau. of the Lord of 
Dromana. 

Richard Nugent of Cloncoscraine, de- 
scended from the 2 nd Baron of Delvin. 

Power of Ballyhane. 
Power of Clashmore. 

Wise of of the Manor of St John. 



The Marquess ofWaterford (maternally). 

Lord Stuart de Decies (maternally); 
Mansfield of Morristown-Lattin, Co. 
Kildare (maternally). 

Aylward of Shankhill Castle, Co. Kil- 
kenny. 

Purcell FitzGerald of the Little Island 
(maternally). 

FitzGerald of Turlough Park, Mayo. 

Grant of Kilmurry, Co. Cork. 

Mansfield of Morristown-Lattin, Co. 
Kildare. 

Sir J. Nugent Humble, Bart., of Clon- 
coscoran (maternally). See Lodge, 
vol. i., p. 221. 

Power of Belleville Park. 

Earl of Huntingdon of Clashmore (ma- 
ternally). 

Wise of the Manor of St. John ; General 
Henry Wise of America. 



278 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of 1 6t/i century. 
Captain Drew of Kilwinny, settled 

arc. 1598. 
Osborne of Ballintaylor. 



Representatives in the i <)th century. 
Drew of Drewscourt, Co. Limerick. 

Sir W. Osborne, Bart., of Beechwood, 
Tipperary. 



CORK. 



Lord Barrymore. 

Lord Courcy, 18* Baron of Kinsale. 

Earl of Desmond. 



Wm. Barry of Lislee (son of Viscount 

Buttevant, who d. in 1582), mar. 

Selah ny vy Carty; he d. in 1594; 

had a son James. 
Garret Barry of Leamlary m. Miss 

McCarthy of Tuadrommeen ; his son 

John Laidir (the Stout) m. Miss 

Nagle of Moneanimie. 
Barry of Lisnegar and Rathcormack, 

styled ' Mac Adam Barry.' 
Burke of Clogher, near Castletown- 

Roche. 
S. Coppinger of Bally volane d. in 1620. 

T. Coppinger, Alderman of Cork in 
1610. 

Creagh of Cork m. in 1557 a grand- 
dau. of Waters, who aided Perkin 
Warbeck ; he d. circ. 1601 ; his son 
m. a dau. of G. Archdeken ; he d. 
in 1614, leaving a son who m. Miss 
Roche of Poolnalong Castle. 

Duggan of Mount Infant, barony of 
Duhallow. 

FitzGerald of Corkbeg and Lisquinlan. 



Smith-Barry of Foaty. 

ag" 1 Baron of Kinsale. 

A descendant of an Earl of Desmond 
put to death in Elizabeth's reign, is 
said now to be a brogue-maker in 
Kerry. Dynely's Tour, circ. 1689. 
Maternally, the Duke de Choiseul- 
Praslin, and the Right Hon. J. Fitz- 
gerald, who d. in 1835, aged 93, were 
descended from the i6 th Earl of 
Desmond. 

James Redmond Barry, who claims to 
be Viscount Buttevant. See his 
Case in House of Lords, 1825. 

Barry of Leamlara. 



Barry of Ballyclough, who claims to 
be senior to the Barrymore family. 

The famous Edmund Burke, and his 
descendant Haviland Burke. 

Coppinger of Ballyvolane and Barry's 
Court ; C. of Middleton. 

Coppinger of Leemount 

Creagh of Hermitage, and (maternally) 
Brazier-Creagh of Creagh Castle. 



Cronin-Coltsman of Glenflesk Castle 
(paternally). 

(Maternally) Uniacke Penrose Fitz- 
Gerald of Corkbegg and Lisquinlan. 



APPENDIX. 



279 



Families of 1 6th century. 

French of Cork, who d. 1651, leaving 
a bequest to the poor of St. Finn 
Barr"s Church, which is still paid 
from property belonging to the 
family. 

Galwey of Lota, descended from Gal- 
wey of Dundannion Castle. 

Gould of Cork. 

Lysaght of Mountnorth, of the Race 

of O'Brien. 
Mac Awliffe of Castle Mac Awliffe, 

near Newmarket. 



M'Carthy of Carbry. 
M'Carthy of Drishane Castle m. 
Honora M c Sweeny. 

Cormac M c Carthy of Blarney Castle, 
Lord of Muskerry, d. in 1616. 

Teig-anFhorsa M c Carthy, L d - of Glean 
an Chroim. 

Wm. MacCotter m. Miss Hodnett. 

Meade of Ballintobber, M.P. for Cork 
in 1585; his son, Sir John, m. a dau. 
of Sarsfield, I st Viscount Kilmallock. 

Conogher O'Callaghan of Clonmeen, 
Chief in 1598, m. a dau. of Tirlagh 
M c Swiny ; his son's only child Ellen 
m. O'Callaghan of Drumaneen. The 
last head of this race, O'Callaghan 
of Kilgorey, who d. in 1791, was 
grandfather of 



Donal I I O'Donovan, 40* Chief of 
Clancathal in 1584, lived in the castle 
of Rahine, rebuilt Castle Donovan 
in 1628, as appears by an inscription 
there. He lived to the year 1639; 
his I st wife was Helena Barry of 
Lislee. By his Z A wife, a dau. of 
M'Carthy Reagh, he had 7 sons; 
some say he had 1 1 sons. 



Representatives in the igt/i century. 
French of Cuskinny, Queenstown. 



Galwey of Lota. 

Sir H. V. Gould, Bart., of Oldcourt ; 

Goold of Rosbrien, Limerick. 
Lord Lyle of Mountnorth. 

Mac Awliffe, though born to a hand- 
some estate, was weigh-master in 
Kenmare in 1 840 ; he was head of 
this clan. Tribes of Ireland, p. 66. 

Count M c Carthy of Toulouse. 

The late Alexander MCarthy, M.P. 
for Cork; M c Carthy O'Leary of 
Coomlegane. 

M'Carthy of Carrignavar. 

M c Carthy Duna of Cork ; M c Carthy 
Glas of Dunmanway. Cronelly. 

Sir J. L. Cotter, Bart., of Rockforest. 

The Earl of Clanwilliam; Meade of 
Ballintobber; and Meade of Bally- 
martle. 

Father O'Reilly, S.J.; the Earl of Ken- 
mare; Mr. Dease, M.P., and Major 
Dease. Theeldestdau.(Mrs.O'Reilly) 
is erroneously said, in Burke's ac- 
count of the Dease family, to have 
d. unmar. See a description of her 
husband's tomb, p. 544 of Lenihan's 
Hist, of Limerick. Lord Lismore 
and O'Callaghan of Cadogan repre- 
sent junior branches. 

J. O'Donovan, the great Irish scholar, 
descended from the eldest son, Donal ; 
O'Donovan of Montpellier from his 
son Teig ; O'D. of Cooldurragha, in 
the parish of Myross, from his son 
Donogh ; Lieutenant O'D. of Cork 
City, from Captain Richard; O'D. 
of Lisheens House, and O'D. of 
Ardahill, from Keudagh. ODono- 
vatfs Notes to the Annals. 



280 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of i6th century. 

Diamaid an-Eich (of the steed) O'Dono- 
van of Gortineeher, parish of Droma- 
league. 

Donal Oge Na Carton O'Donovan of 
Cloghatrabally Castle, 41" Chief of 
Clanlochlain in 1580, surrendered 
and received a regrant of his pos- 
sessions in 1616 ; d. in 1629. 

O'Driscoll Mdr, Chief of Collymore. 



O'Mahony of Fonn lartarach, in the 

South- West of Carbery. 
Kean O'Mahony, Chief of Kinalmeaky, 

with his 7 sons removed to Kerry. 
O'Sullevan Mdr. 

Murtagh O'Sullevan Mdr. 

Rory O'Sullevan Mdr of Drominage 
Castle, m. Julian M c Carthy of 
Drishane. 

O'Sullevan of Cappanacus, from whose 
house the O'Sullevan Mdr was elected 
in case of failure of the elder branch. 

John Purcell of Pullen, 'of the Croagh 
line of the Purcells of Loughmoe.' 

Roche of Castletown. 



Roch of Tourin and Cregg, m. in 
1566 Miss Fitzgerald of Kerry- 
currihy; he d. in 1635; he had 5 
sons, George, Maurice, David, John, 
and Ulick. 



Representatives in the ic///i century. 
O'Donovan of O'Donovan's Cove, in 
West Carbery. 

Donovan, Esq., of Wood Street, 
Dublin, Solicitor; Donovan of Bally- 
nore and Clonmore, Co. of Wexford. 
Appendix to Annals, pp. 2430 to 
2483. 

W' n - O'Driscoll (son of Denis, son of 
Florence), who d. in 1581, 'was of 
noble countenance, and in pitch of 
body like a giant.' A. O'Driscoll, 
J.P., of Skibbereen, of 'boundless 
hospitality,' d. in 1849, 'while in 
gaol for debt to a wine merchant.' 
The last known Chief was Conor 
O'Driscoll, called 'the Admiral.' 
O'Donovan. 

O'Mahony of Dunloe Castle. 

O'Mahony of Dromore Castle, and 

Castle Quin. 
O'Sullevan of Tomies, near Killarney, 

in the last century. 
Sir E. Sullevan, Bart., of St. Leonards 

House, Berks. 
Sullivan of Curraghmore, Limerick; 

Sullivan of Wilmington, Isle of 

Wight. 
O'Sullevan of Prospect, near Kenmare, 

who is probably head of the race of 

O'Sullevan. 
John Mathew Purcell, Esq., of Burton, 

Co. Cork, 8 th in descent. MS. 

Pedigree by General Creagh. 
Roche of Cranagh Castle, Co. Kil- 
kenny; Wm. Roche, Esq., Solicitor, 

Dublin ; and (maternally) Grehan of 

Clonmeen, Co. Cork. 
Roch of Woodbine Hill, Waterford. 



APPENDIX. 



28l 



Families of 1 6th century. 
Sarsfield of Sarsfield Court. 
Sir R. Smith of Rathcogan. 



Supple of Aghadoe. 



J. Uniacke, of the Geraldine family, d. 

in 1623; was succeeded by his 

cousin, Uniacke of Ballyhubbert, 

from whom 
Thomas Uniacke of Youghal, m. Miss 

Fitzgerald of Lisquinlan. 

Wallis of Curryglas, who d. in 1630. 



Representatives in the igt/i century. 

Sarsfield or Doughcloyne. 

Smith of Headborough, Waterford, and 
(maternally) Moore of Ballinatray, 
Waterford. 

Sir W. De Capell-Broke, Bart., of Oak- 
ley, Co. Northampton, and Aghadoe, 
Cork (paternally). 

Uniacke of Mount Uniacke ; Uniacke 
of Curragheen. 



Uniacke of Woodhouse, Waterford, 
and Sir J. C. Judkin Fitzgerald of 
Lisheen, Tipperary. 

Wallis of Drishane Castle. 



SETTLERS. 



Aldworth of Short Castle, near Mallow, 
father of Aldworth, Vice-President 
of Munster. 

Beecher. 

Francis Bernard. 

R. Boyle, who became ' the Great 
Earl of Cork;' he d. in 1643. 

Cook settled before the reign of Eliza- 
beth, and Edward Cook was a 
resident in Cork long before 1641. 

M. Cox settled at Kilworth. 

Captain Crofts came to Ireland in 1596; 

settled at Bandon; his wife 'placed 

a cross to his memory in the church 

of Kilbrogan, which is still in a good 

state of preservation.' 
Daunt of Gortgrenane and Tracton 

Abbey in 1595. 

Dunscombe settled in Cork circ. 1566. 
Captain Fermor. 
Heard of Bandon came with Sir Walter 

Raleigh. 
Arthur Hyde, first settler, had a son, 

Sir A. Hyde of Carrigonede. 



Aldworth of Newmarket. 



Sir H. Wrixon Beecher of Ballygiblin 

(maternally). 
The Earl of Bandon. 
The Earl of Cork; the Earl of Shannon. 

Cook of Castle Cook, Cork ; Cook of 

Cordangan; and Cook of Kiltinon 

Castle, Tipperary. 
Sir F. H. Cox, Bart., of Dunmanway, 

Co. Cork. 
Crofts of Velvetstown ; Crofts of 

Churchtown. 



The Daunts of Gortgrenane, Fahalea, 

Tracton Abbey, and Kilcaskan. 
Dunscombe of Mount Desert. 
Farmar of Dunsinane. 
Heard of Pallestown, Kinsale. 

Hyde of Creg, late of Castle Hyde. 

2 N 



282 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of \ btk century. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Sir Thomas Norreys, 

Lord President of Munster. 
Sir H. Power, general in 1598, was 

son of Sir H. Power, Master of the 

Horse in Ireland. From his brother 

descends 

St. Leger, President of Munster. 
J. Ware settled in Cork in 1588. 



Representatives in the iqth century. 
Sir C. Jephson-Norreys, Bart., Mallow- 
Power of Hill Court, Hereford. 



Viscount Doneraile. 
Ware of Woodfort. 



KERRY. 



Conor Mac Gillicuddy, ' Lord of the 

Reeks.' 
Jeffry O'Connell, Lord of Ballycarbery, 

was High Sheriff of Kerry; he d. in 

1635- 
John, son of Conor O' Conor-Kerry, of 

Carrigafoyle Castle. 

Jeffery O'Donoghue of Killagher and 

Glenflesk, attainted in 1603. 
Trant of Cahir Trante, Dingle. 
Patricin Mac Maurice, 17 th Lord of 

Kerry, b. in 1541, d. in 1600. 
Fitzgerald of Rathannan, ' Knight of 

Kerry,' whose wife was a dau. of 

O'Sullevan Mdr. 
FitzMaurice of Cosfeale or Duaghna- 

fealla. 
Hussey of Dingle Castle or Daingean- 

ni-Hushy, Castle Gregory, and Castle 

Minard. 

Rice of the Dingle. 

Captain Annesley, Munster undertaker. 
Sir T. Blennerhassett. 

Sir N. Browne of Rosse, son of first 
settler, m. a dau. of O'Sullevan Beare. 

Chapman, cousin of Sir W. Raleigh, 
got lands in Kerry. 

Crosbie, Protestant Bishop of Ardfert, 
mar. a dau. of O'Lalor ; the Earl of 
Qrmond wrote to Cecil that his 
name was Mac Crossan. 



Mac Gillicuddy of the Reeks. 
O'Connell of Darrynane. 



O'Connor-Kerry, 
Lodi in 1848. 



Daniel O'Connell 

Commandant of 

Tribes of Ireland. 
The O'Donoghue; O'Donoghue of 

Prover, Cheshire. 
Trant of Dovea, Tipperary. 
Marquess of Landsdowne, 25 th Lord 

of Kerry ; also the Earl of Orkney. 
' The Knight of Kerry,' Valentia. 



FitzMaurice of Duagh House. 
Hussey of Dingle. 



Count Rice of the H.R. Empire. 

Viscount Valentia. 

Sir R. Blennerhasset, Bart. ; and Blen- 

nerhasset of Ballyseedy. 
The Earl of Kenmare. 

Sir Montague Chapman, Bart., of Kil- 
lua Castle, Westmeath. 

Sir E. W. Crosbie, Bart., of Mary- 
borough seat, Bray, Co. Wick low; 
Crosbie of Ballyheige Castle ; and 
(maternally) TalbotCrosbie of Ardfert. 



APPENDIX. 



Families of 1 6th century. 
Sir E. Denny, undertaker, of Tralee. 
Colonel Gun settled early in Elizabeth's 

reign. 

Hickson, Rector of Killiney. 
Orpen, whose sisters mar. O'Donoghue 

of Ross and McCarthy Mdr. 
Raymond. 



Representatives in Ihe iqfh century. 
Sir E. Denny, Bart., of Tralee Castle. 
Gun of Rattoo ; Gun of Ballybunnion. 

Hickson of Fermoyle House. 
Orpen of Killowen. Vide Miss Hick- 
son's Kerry Records. 
Raymond of Killmurry. 



LIMERICK. 



Arthur of Limerick. 

Edmond Bagot of Bagotstown Castle, 

m. a dau. of Burke of Brittas in 1545 ', 

he d. in 1630. 

Burke of Ballinagard, near Limerick. 
Burke of Ballyvomeen or Ballynaguard. 

Burke of Castle Connell and Drum- 

sallagh. 
Burke of Drumkeen. 



Piers Creagh of Adare, M.P. for the 

city of Limerick in 1639. 
Edmund Fitzgerald, ' The Knight of 

Glin,' m. a dau. of McCarthy Reagh. 
Thomas Fitzgerald, Lord of Clenglish, 

m. a dau. of Cormac M c Dermot 

McCarthy of Muskerry; he d. in 



Maurice Hurley of Knocklong Castle 

m. Gursell Hogan, and was father of 

Sir Thomas Hurley. 
J. Kearney of the Co. of Limerick 

settled at Garretstown, Cork, early 

in the i7th century. 
Mahony Mac Keogh of Cloonclieve had 

a son John of Castle Troy. 
Naish of Ballycullen. 
Donogh O'Grady of Kilballyowen, m. 

a dau. of Browne of Camas; in 1612 

he settled his estates on his sons, 

Darby, Morogh, and Brien. 
Donogh O'Quin of Kilmallock, whose 

son mar. the heiress of O'Riordan. 



Arthur of Glanomera, Co. Clare. 
Bagot of Ballymoe, Galway ; Bagot of 
Kilcoursey, King's County. 

Burke of Prospect Villa, Cork. 
Haviland Burke (maternally). 

Sir R. De Burgo, Bart. and Burke of 

Thornfield. 
Hussey de Burg of Dromkeen and 

Donore; Lady Clonmel, and Lady 

Seaton. 
Creagh of Dangan, Co. Clare. 

FitzGerald, Knight of Glin, Glin Castle, 

Co. Limerick. 
Sir G. FitzGerald, Bart., of Castle 

Ishen, Cork. 



Conway Hurly of Tralee, Kerry. 



Cuthbert-Kearney of Garretstown, Cork 
(maternally). 

Keogh of Kilbride, Carlow. 

Naish of Ballycullen. 

The O'Grady of Kilballyowen; Vis- 
count Guillamore ; O'Grady of the 
Grange. 

The Earl of Dunraven. 



284 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



Families of 1 6th century. 
Stephen Sexten of Limerick. 
J. Evans, a settler in Limerick. 
E. Seymour, whose son was Mayor of 

Limerick in 1659. 
Stokes, an officer, whose son John of 

Dummoylan was living in 1622. 



Representatives in the igth century. 
The Earl of Limerick (maternally). 
Baron Carbery of Cork. 
Seymour of Castletown, Queen's Co. 

Stokes of Mount Hawk, Kerry. 



TIPPERARY. 



The 2 d Lord Dunboyne m. a dau. of 
the Earl of Thomond, and had a son, 
Edward of Clare, Co. Tipperary. 

Piers Fuller, 3 rd son of the 3 rd Baron 
of Cahir. 

Sir W. Butler of Kilcashe, who became 
n th Earl of Ormond. 

Sir James Butler of Lismallon,\vhoseson 
was made Viscount Ikerrin in 1629. 

D'Alton of Grenanstown. 

Hely of Gertrough ? 

Morres of Knockagh, whose son John 
was made a Baronet in 1632. 

Donal Connachtach Mac-I-Brien-Arra. 

Donogh O'Carroll of Buolebrack, m. a 
dau. of O'Kennedy of Ormond. 

Donogh O'Fogarty of Inchy O'Fogarty, 
Fishmoyne and Ballyfogarty. 

Bryan O'Kearney of Knockanglass, b. 
1534, d. 1623; his wife was a dau. 
of Wm. Butler of Ballynadlea; his 
son Patrick, b. 1561, m. a dau. of 
Teig Currane of Mohearnain. 

O'Mulrian, Chief of Owney. 

Ryan of Ballymackeogh. 

Power of Barretstown. 

Prendergast of Newcastle-Prendergast. 

John Stapleton of Thurlesbeg, m. Sarah 

M c Egan. 

Cromwell Lee d. in Ireland in 1601. 
Osborne settled in 1558. 



The is" 1 Baron of Dunboyne, Bally- 
vannon, Co. Clare. 

Family of the late Earl of Glengall. 

Marquess of Ormonde, who is 2i st Earl 
of Ormonde. 

Earl of Carrick, Mount Juliet, Kil- 
kenny. 

Count D'Alton of Grenanstown. 

Earl of Donoughmore. 

Viscount Mountmorres of Castle 
Morres, Kilkenny; and Viscount 
Frankfort de Montmorency. 

O'Brien of Kincora Lodge, Killaloe. 
O'Donovan. 

Father J. O'Carroll, S.J., of Clongowes 
Wood. MS. Pedigree of O'Carroll 
of Ardagh. 

Lenigan of Castlefogarty (maternally). 

Kearney of Blanchville, Kilkenny ; 
Kearney of Ballinvilla, Mayo. 



O'Ryan of Bansha House ; and Ryan 
of Inch are chief representatives. 

Ryan of Ballymackeogh. 

Sir R. Power, of Kilfane, Bart. 

Viscount Gort (maternally). 

Sir F. Stapleton, Bart., Grey's Court, 
Oxfordshire. 

Lee of Barna, Tipperary (?) 

Osborne of Newtown-Anner. 



APPENDIX. 285 



THE CATHOLIC BISHOPS. 

See p. 233. 

ARMAGH. Edmund Magauran (Mag Shamhraidhiti) was Primate from 1587 
to 1593, when he was slain by the English while hearing the confessions of 
wounded soldiers. He was succeeded (1601 to 1625) by Dr. Peter Lombard, 
who in 1598 was sent to Rome as the representative of the Universities of 
Lou vain and Douay. Lombard was, a man of great genius and piety. See a 
memoir of him, and a list of his works, by Dr. Moran, Bp. of Ossory. Dr. 
Lombard was succeeded by the celebrated Franciscan, Dr. M c Cawel. 

CLOGHER. Dr. M c Bardill was Bp. in 1592, and Dr. Mathews or M c Mahon 
in 1509. 

DOWN AND CONNOR. Connor O'Devany (O'Dui&kcanaigh} Bp. from 1582 
to 1612, when he and his chaplain, Fr. O'Lughairen, were hanged, drawn, and 
quartered in Dublin. O'Sullevan says he was ' omnium virtutum ornamento 
fulgens doctrinam eruditus, ingenio comis . . .' The four Masters call him a 
'chaste, wise divine, a perfect and truly meek man;' and they add that no 
prisoner of Irish blood could be got by the promise of his life to act as execu- 
tioner. The Bishop's friend, Fr. Hollywood, S.J., says that this ' sanctus 
Antistes, non multo ante caperetur, nomina ad nos, diemque obitus transmisit 
eorum Episcoporum, et sacerdotum omnium, quos, a morte Primatis Creagh, in 
hoc regno novit a Protestantibus peremptos, eum in finem ipsorum uti res gestas 
investigaremus . . .' Fr. Hollywood's Letter to Fr. Acquaviva, 

KILMORE. Richard Brady, Bp. from 1580 to 1607, 'vir sanctus,' arrested 
thrice, once cruelly beaten and flung as dead into a brake of briars. 

DROMORE. Patrick Maccual, Bp. from 1576 to 

RAPHOE. Nial O'Boyle (CPBuidhit) Bp. in 1591 ; imprisoned in 1598, d. in 
1611, says Dr. Brady; but the 4nna/s*give the 6th Feb. 1612. 

DERRY. Redmund O'Gallagher (O ' Galchobhair) Bp. from 1569 to 1601, 
when he was slain by the English in O'Kane's country. 

ARDAGH. Rev. J. Gafney was V.G. in 1597. 

DUBLIN. In 1587 there was an Archbishop, name unknown; in 1600 Dr. 
de Oviedo was Archbp., succeeding 'Donald of happy memory.' Dr. Mathews 



286 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

or M c Mahon, 'vir virtute et religione insignis,' was Abp. from 1611 to 1623. 
R. Lalor was Vic. Gen. of Dublin, Kildare, and Ferns from 1594 to 1606. 

OSSORY. Dr. Strong Bp. from 1582 to 1602. He remained in disguise in 
Ireland ; but at length had to retire, and he d. at Compostella. His successor 
was the celebrated David Rothe (1618-1650.) 

KILDARE. Dr. Ribera of Toledo, Bp. from 1587 to 1605 ; but, it seems, he 
never came to Ireland. The Rev. J. Latin had extraordinary powers from 
Dr. Lombard in 1611. 

CASHEL. Vacant in 1598; Dr. O'Kearney was Abp. from circ. 1604 to 1624. 
He was a man of great zeal, and he lived for years in disguise, and often had to 
hide in the woods, as appears from his letters and those of his brother, Bryan 
O'Kearney, SJ. He d. Aug. i4th, 1624, in an Irish Monastery near Bordeaux. 
Letter of his nephew, W. Wale, S.J. 

CORK AND CLOYNE. Dermod Mac Craghe, Bp. from 1580 to circ. 1602. 
O'Sullevan calls him ' Mac Carrhus, vir integerrimus et clarissimus ; . . . disertus 
atque sapiens.' He professed Theology some years at Louvain, and was 
remarkable for a prodigious memory. He wrote an Irish catechism. Fr. 
Purcel, O.S.F., calls him, ' Graius vir valde prudens et in rebus agendis versatus.' 
The Pacata Hibernia tells us that in Nov. 1600 ' the Earle of Desmond and 
Dermond Mac Craghe were surprised in a poor ragged cabbin in Drumfinnim 
woods;' but escaped. Carew wrote to Cecil on the i8th of June 1601 'I 
am promised for ^100 to gett Bishoppe Craghe.' On the 24th April 1604 
Fr. Holywood, S.J., writes to Fr. Gen. Acquaviva 'Hactenus visum fuit nostris 
ctim consilio Episcopi Corcagiensis piae memoritz . . .' This shows that Dr. Mac 
Craghe was dead before this date. 

Ross. Owen Mac Egan, integerrimae et innocentissimae vitae sacerdos, 
Doctor S 1 - Theol 36 ' 1 Bp. elect of Ross, was slain in battle in 1602. See 
O'Snllevan. 

KILLALOE. Conor O'Mulrian, Bp. before 1579, and after 1615. 

LIMERICK. Conor O'Neill, Bp. in 1591 ; he was then in Spain. 

TUAM. Marianus O'Higgin was Abp. circ. 1597. His successor was the 
celebrated Dr. Corny, O.S.F. (1608-1629), whose epitaph at Louvain says he 
was ' pietate, prudentia, doctrina maximus.' He wrote some works on Theology, 
and an Irish book called The Mirror of Christian Life. His friendship for 
Jansenius carried him too far. 

ACHONRY. Owen O'Hairt, O.S.D., Bp. from 1562 to 1603, when he d. 
aged 100 years; he had been among the Fathers of the Council of Trent in 1563. 

CLONFERT. Teig Q'Ferral, O.S.D., Bp. from 1587 to 1602, when he d. of 



APPENDIX. 287 

old age at Kinsale, after many years spent in preserving the Faith. See Rothts 
Processus Martyrialis. 

KILMACDUAGH. Malachy O'Molony, Bp. from 1570 to 1610. I presume he 
is the 'Bishop Muldowny' in Connaught, to whom Langton of Kilkenny went 
in 1588 to get a dispensation to marry his cousin, Lettice Daniel. See Langton 
Documents in Kilk. Journal of Arch. 

These details have been taken from the works of Dr. O'Renehan, Dr. Brady, 
Dr. Moran, Dr. Kelly's ed. of OfSullevan, De Burgo, and the Rev. J. C. Meehan; 
also from Calendar of S. Papers, and a few contemporary letters. 



1592, 28 July. A memorial of sundry things commanded by her Majesty to 
be well considered by the Lord Deputy, &c. '. . . Through the whole Realm, yea 
and in the English Pale, there are'Jesuits and seminarie Priests, all labouring 
to ... in many places openly maintained and followed, and in some places 
namely, the English Pale secretly maintained in the houses of some noble 
persons, and in many gentlemen's houses partly disguised in apparel of serving- 
men . . .' 

i st. In Ulster is one Redmundus O'Galligher, Buisshopp of Dayrie, alias 
Daren, legate to the Pope and Gustos Armaghnensis, being one of the three 
Irish Buishoppes that were in the Councill of Trent. This Buishopp used all 
manner of spiritual jurisdiction throughout all Ulster, consecrating churches, 
ordaining priests, confirming children, and geving all manner of dispensations, 
ryding with pomp and company from place to place, as it was accustomed in 
Queen Mary's days. And for all the rest of the clergy there, they use all manner 
of service there now, as in that time ; and not only that, but they have changed 
the time according to the Pope's new invention. 

The said B. O'Galligher hath been with divers Governors of that land upon 
protection, and yet he is suffered to enjoy the Buishoprick and all the aforesaid 
aucthorities these 26 years past and more. 

Likewise one Cornelius M c Bardill, Buishop of Clogher these 22 years past, 
ys not yet reformed, nor compelled to yield any obedience to her Ma ty ' s lawes, 
though he hath been divers times before diverse governors. 

There was one Rapotensis Bishop who died three years since, used the like 
authority there sithens he came from the Councill of Trent, being with divers 
Governors, and never brought to acknowledge his duty to her Ma ty - 

In O'Reilly his country, being thirty miles or thereabout from Dublin, is 
Richard Braday, Buishopp of Kilmore, and although there is a kind of custodium 
granted to a priest there in her Majesty's name, yet he is in the possession, using 



288 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

all manner of jurisdiction therein, although the country is governed by English 
laws and officers. 

In the same Ulster ar at the least at this day, more than 16 monasteries 
wherein are divers sorts of fryers and munks . . : using their habit and service 
as in Rome itself is used. 

In Munster are 1 Doctor Creagh, B. of Cloyne and Cork, who came into 
Ireland in the time of the late Rebellion of the E. of Desmond, being in action 
of rebellion with him. He is kept in the country these 1 1 or 12 years past 
without pardon or protection, and altho he appeare not in any publicque 
assembly where Englishmen be present, yet he useth all manner of spiritual juris- 
dictions within the whole province, being the Pope's Legate, consecrating 
churches, making priests, confirming children. ... It is well known that this 
Creagh is one of the most dangerous fellowes that ever came to this land, con- 
tinued there longest of any of his sort, and hath done more harm already there 
within these two years than Dr. Saunders did in his time ... he draweth the 
whole country to disloyalty, his credit is such. 

There is one James Karney, supposed Bp. of Imley, that came over from 
Rome last year. 

There is one Sir Teig O'Swyllivan, an ernest Precher of Popery, still preaching 
from house to house in Waterford, Clonmel, and Fethard, and in the country 
about these townes. 

There is one Dr. Thomas Rachtor, born in Fethard, and lately come from Roome. 

There is a seminary born at Cashel, named W m - O'Gorhye, who came with the 
said Buishop and Doctor the last yere. 

There is one J. O'Clearie, a seminarie, who came with the foresaid company 
the last yeare, and brought a dispensation for the town of Galway for the killing 
of the holy Spaniarde. 

J. Buenagh of Fethard, lately come from Rome, a seminarie, dwelling at 
Fethard and thereabouts. 

Sir W m - O'Cherohy, a seminarie, lately come from Rome, and now dwelling 
at Clonmel, Cashel, and Fithard. 

Sir Conly M c Ni Marie an ernest precher, semynarie. 

Morice Keating, seminarie, chapleyn to the said Dr. Creagh, one of his 
ordinarie messengers to great men when occasion requireth. 

Sir Donogh Oge O'Nahane, one of said Dr. Creagh's chapleins. 

Piers Kelly, ordained by Dr. Creagh. 

Rory M c Cragh, very familiar with Dr. Creagh. 

J. Morrice, priest reconciled to Papystry. 



APPENDIX. 289 

R. Gyanan, priest, took upon him the ministry once, now reconciled to 
papistry by Dr. Creagh. 

Morice OhilJane, priest, one of the chieftest mayntainers Dr. C. hath in the 
whole Knight's country. 

At Clonmel, Garret Reken and Sir Walter. At Cahir, Darby Calavan. 

At Cashel, Patrick Yonge, dwelling always with Nicholas Haly. 

At Boyton Rath, Sir Dyonis, priest. At Kilternan, Philip Stackbolde. 

In Waterford, Rich. Eneas. At Loghonoy, Mat. O'Dellany. 

At Kilkenny, G. Power, also Patrick Oholen, dwelling with R. Rothe. 

Sir Donogh O'Casshey, Chancellor of Limerick, according to Romish 
institucions. 

Other priests are Rory O'Fahy, Thomas Coherey, Morice O'Hownim, 
Richard Bowdrave. 

Certein rich merchaunts and good gent, within the citye of Waterford do 
specially relieve and mainteyne seminaries and massing priests: 

i J. Sherlock, who hath been Mayor the last yere, doth retain in his howse 
one Dr. Teig O'Swillivan, a Jesuyt seminary, which priest hath divers times 
preached publicly in the house of one W 1 "- Lyncolle and other places in the citye 
and country, and also in Clonmell. 

P. Graunt Fit/James of Waterford, merchaunt, and Rich. FitzNicholas of 
the same, merchaunt, do retain by them both one Sir David, priest of Kilmallock. 

J. Leay FitzNicholas, P. White, R. Comerford, and J. Browne fitzHenry of 
Waterford, merchaunts, do by them retain one Sir Morren, priest. 

Belle Butler, wife unto T. Comerford of Waterford, merchaunt, who is 
himself in Spain these 12 months, and one J. Myller, and J. Whyte FitzWilliam, 
merchaunts, do retain one Sir John White, priest. 

T. Porter and J. Miller of Waterford, merchants, do retain in their house 
Teig O'Cane, priest. 

Richard Agnes, priest, reteyned by the whole city in general, who doth dwell 
in the new building of Alexander Brewers of Waterford, merchaunt, who some- 
times professed religion, and now revolted. 

Thomas Wadding, counsellor att lawe, doth reteine in his howse one Kealinge, 
a priest. 

Richard Power, gent., is very willing and able to inform on such matters. 

Abridged from State Paper in KM. Jotir. of Arch, year 1856, p. 81 ; see 
other Lists of Catholic Clergymen in Cal. of S. Papers, Ireland (1606-1608) ; and 

in the Kilkenny Journal, Aug. 22, 1874. 

2 o 



CATALOGUS IBERNORUM IN SOCIETATE, 1609. 

(Ex Archiv. Soc. Jesu, Jfomae.) 





Provincia. 


Aetas. 


In Soc'=- 


Gradus. 


IN IBERNIA. 










P. Christophoras Holivodius 


Dublinen. 


5 


25 


4 vot. 


P. Thomas Sheyn 


Clonmell. 


46 


25 


3 


P. Barnabas Carnaeus 


Cassilien. 


42 


2O 


4 


P. Nicolaus Leynich 


Clonmell. 


48 


23 


3 .. 


P. Andreas Mulron 


Clonmell. 


46 


29 


4 ,, 


P. Patricius Lenanus 


Medensis 


48 


13 




P. Walterus Waleus 


Cassilien. 


35 


13 




P. Mauritius Wisaeus 


Waterforden. 


44 


15 




P. Jacobus Everardus 


Fetharden. 


34 


12 




P. Robertus Nugentius 


Meden. 


28 


8 




P. David Galvaeus 


Corcagen. 


3 


5 




P. Joannes Gerottus 


Dublinen. 


56 


3 


4 


P. Jacobus Saulus 


Cassil. 


3 


2 




P. Thomas Kiranus 


Conacen. 


34 


2 




P. Thomas Briones 


Kilken. 


27 


5 




P. Joannes Barnevallus 


Meden. 


33 


IO 




P. Henricus Cusacus 


Dublinen. 


26 


4 




P. Robertus Bathaeus 


Meden. 


27 


5 




IN LUSITANIA. 










P. Cornelius Rocha 


Toumen. 


40 


10 




P. Petrus Nash . 


Fetherden. 




i 




Andreas Nolanus 


Galven. 


2 4 


9 




Joannes Morus 


Meden. 


27 


9 




Robertus Queitrotus . } 




20 


4 




Robertus Coutinus 


Dublin. 


23 


5 




Robertus Birnus 






4 




Gulielmus Crevaeus 


Cassilien. 




4 





APPENDIX. 



291 





Provincia. 


Aetas. 


In Soct 


Gradui. 


LUSITANIA Continued. 










Joan. Bap u Dugin 


Ostrien. 


25 


5 




Michael Barick 


Rossen. 


24 


3 




Michael Cantuel 


Tipperar. 




4 




Gualterus Lincaeus 


Galven. 








Edoardus Clarus 


Waterforden. 


2 9 


5 




IN BELGIO. 










P. Thomas Halaeus 


Kilmaloc. 


3 


4 




P. Joannes Birmingamus . 


Galven. 


36 


2 




P. Isacus Briverus 


Waterforden. 


34 


I 




P. Petrus Wadingus 


Waterforden. 


26 


8 




P. Henricus de Simone . 


Dublinen. 


42 


18 


4 vot 


Michael Geraldinus 


Dublinen. 


20 


3 




IN ITALIA. 










Joannes Lombardus . \ 
Thomas Comefortius . / 


Waterfor. 


25 
26 


5 
5 




Odoardus Barnewallus . 


Dublin. 


23 


5 




Georgius Geraldinus 


Meden. 


25 


5 




Robertas Netervillus 


Meden. 


27 


5 




Joannes Shaeus 


Kilken. 


28 


5 




Gulielmus Malonus 


Dublin. 


23 


3 




Jacobus Morganus . } 
Nicolaus Nugentius . j 


Meden. 


24 

22 


i 

i 




Bartholomeus Hamlinus 


Meden. 


2O 


i 




Georgius Galtromus 


Dublin. 


19 


i 




Stephanus Gouldaeus . 


Corcagien. 


26 


i 




IN HISPANIA. 










P. Jacobus Archerus 


Kilken. 


6 4 


36 


4 vot. 


P. Richardus Conuaeus . 


Rossen. 


37 


i7 




P. Thomas Vitu s 


Clonmell. 


52 


15 


Goad. 










Spirit u 


P. Stephanus Vitus 


Clonmell. 


34 


13 




P. Richardus Valesius 


Waterfor. 


27 


ii 




P. Gulielmus Bathaeus 


Dublin. 


44 


12 




P. Stephanus Mortyns (qu.Mortius?) 


Waterfor. 


25 


8 





292 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 





Provincia. 


Aetas. 


In Socte- 


Gradus. 


HISPANIA Continued. 










P. Gulielmus Morganus . "1 




26 


8 




P. Jacobus Valaeus 
P. Jacobus Comefortius . i 


Waterfor. 


27 
26 


9 

9 





Patricius Sherlocus . | 




25 






Gulielmus Vitus 




26 


8 




Michael Wadingus 




22 


5 




Joannes Laeus 


Kilken. 


26 


n 




Jacobus Butlerus 


Rossen. 


3 


10 




Richardus Carricus 


Dublin. 


28 


5 




Jacobus Gripeus, or Griphus . 


Dublin. 


24 


5 


Coadiutor 


IN SUPERIORE GERMANIA. 










Ambrosius Wadingus . ) 
Laurentius Laeus . / 


Waterf. 


26 

25 


5 
5 




IN AUSTRIA. 










P. Florentius Moms 


Ultanus 


57 




Goad. 










Spirit' 5 


IN GALLIA. 










P. Richardus Datonus 


Kilken. 


3 


7 


4 


P. Richardus Comefortius 


Waterf. 


30 


5 


4 


IN PARAGUARIA. 










P. Thomas Fildeus 


Limbricenjis 


62 


38 





'Ego, Talbotus Gualterus n. Dublinii 1562, patre Gulielmo Talboto viro 
nobili (adhuc superstite) ? matre Maria Bermingham (in D"- defuncta).' 10 
Maii 1595. 

' Batheus Gul. Dublinii n. 1564 a Joanne, Judice, et Eleonora Preston.' 
'Barmvall Joan. n. 1576 in Comitatu Medensi, a Roberto nobili Domino de 
Stacallan et ab Alsona Brendon.' 



APPENDIX. 



293 



'Wadingus* Petrus, Waterfordiensis n. 1581 a Thoma, et Maria Valesia, 
nobilibus. 

' De Burgo Thomas, Limericensis n. 1588 a Thoma, et Joanna Arthur. 

'FitzSimon b Henricus, Dublinen. n. 1566 a Nicolao, Armigero seu primo- 
genito Equitis Aurati, et senatore Dublinensi, et Anna Edgrave ' (qu. Segrave ?). 
Extracts from the Album of the Novitiate S.J. of Tournay, by Father 
Morris, S.J. 

'Carolus Leae n. 1545 in oppido Cluenensi Dioecesis Corcag. ; pater erat 
Mauricius Leae Doctor Medicinae, mater Maria Chihi. 

' Nicholaus Sedgrave n. 1538, Dublinii a Jacobo Sedgrave qui exercebat 
mercaturam, et Margarita Bath. 

'Thomas Phildius n. 1549 Limerici, Pater ejus Gulielmus Medicinae callebat, 
Mater Geneth Creah, ambo nunc (1574) mortui. 



a A Jesuit, author of several literary and 
theological works ; called in Sotwell's Biblio- 
theca, and in Smuil's Historia Provinciie Bo- 
hemia, 'Vir in omni scientiarum genere 
praestans ; ' professor of poetry, rhetoric, and 
metaphysics at Louvain ; professor of theology 
at Louvain, Antwerp, Prague, and Gratz ; and 
for thirteen years Chancellor of two universities 
at Prague. His brother, Michael Wading, S.J., 
wrote, besides other works, a little book, on 
which a distinguished professor of the Roman 
College published a commentary in two large 
folio volumes. M. Wading was professor of 
belles-litres and divinity, and also Rector in 
four colleges of Mexico. Sketches of his 
career are given by De la Reguera, and by the 
Mexican Diccionario Universal, under the name 
of ' Godines o Wadingo. ' A third brother, Luke 
Wading, S.J., filled the first chairs of divinity 
in Salamanca, Valladolid, fnd Madrid ; he is 
called in the Literiz Annute of Toledo, ' Vir 
ingenio literis eximie culto, . . . quemque 
summis acquiparare possis ; quicquid doceret 
scientia et auctoritate implebat, multifarie 
eruditus.' He edited a posthumous work of 
his cousin, Paul Sherlock, S.J., and had some 
works ready for the press when he died. Their 



first cousin, Ambrose Wading, S.J., was elder 
brother of the famous Franciscan ; he was pro- 
fessor of theology at Dilingen University, and 
superior of a seminary attached to it, where he 
governed 150 chosen young religious sent from 
40 monasteries of various orders in Geimany. 
Of him the Historia Pratincia Germania 
Snferioriss.Siys,, ' Cum juxta divinis humanisque 
scientiis omnibus excelleret, longe tamen vir- 
tutibus magis enituit.' 

b Fr. FitzSimon is called in Wood's Athentz, 
'A pillar of the Catholic Church, being es- 
teemed a great ornament among them, and the 
greatest defender of their religion of his time.' 
See Quiver's Collectanea, and a memoir of Fr. 
FitzSimon by E. Hogan, S.J., in the Irish 
Ecclesiastical Record. 

c Fr. Field spent fourteen years on the 
Brazillian Mission, and about forty on the 
Paraguay Mission, of which he may be con- 
sidered the father and founder. See Cordara's 
Historia S.J., an. 1626; and Del Tec ho' s 
Historia Paraquarits. 

Of the other Jesuits named in the catalogue, 
Holiwood, Carney, Roche, Malone, N. Nugent, 
R. Conway, Stephen White, and W. Bathe 
wrote some works ; the life of Stephen White 



294 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

'Jacobus Barry n. 1552 in Civitate (Comitatu?) Corcagiensi, Pater, Joannes 
Barry, et mater Joanna Sanaghan vivebant de suis redditibus . . . propria 
manu.' Extracted from the Album of the Novitiate of St. Andrea, Rome, by the 
Editor of this Book. 



WRITERS WHO LIVED IN THE YEAR 1598. 

Laymen. Walter Stanihurst, Michael FitzSimon, W. Quin, J. Talbot, R. 
Stafford, H.. Burnel, and Sir J. Ware, all of Dublin. R. Barnwall of Meath ; 
Connel M c Geoghegan of Westmeath ; R. Rothe of Kilkenny ; Ludowick Barry, 
Captaine Garret Barry, Philip O'Sullevan Beare, and Fineen McCarthy Mor of 
Cork (see supra, p. 176). Dermot O'Meara of Tipperary, and T. Russel of 
Munster (?) R. Bellew of Louth ; Dr. Neil O'Glacan and Cucogry O'Clerigh 
of Donegal ; O'Mulconry of Roscommon ; O'Duigenan of Leitrim ; Darcy of 
Galway, and Thadeus Dun. 

Protestant Clergymen. Drs. Donelan and Daniel, Archbishops of Tuam ; J. 
Usher, Abp. of Armagh, and his brother, Ambrose, of Trinity College; J. Kerney, 
Treasurer of St. Patrick's, and Thady Dowling of Kildare (was he a Protestant?). 

Catholic Clergymen. Dr. Lombard, Abp. of Armagh (see p. 285) ; Dr. 
O'Devany, Bp. of Down ; Dr. Rothe of Ossory, and Dr. Tyrry of Cork ; J. Cop- 
pinger of Cork ; Dr. Keating and T. Carve of Tipperary; J. Wadding of Wexford; 
Dr. Piers of Westmeath ; T. Messingham of Leinster ; R. Stanihurst of Dublin, 
who after his wife's death became a priest, and whose son was author of many 
works. 

Religious of various Orders. H. Ryan and Daniel O'Daly (of Kerry), 



called ' Polyhister ' on account of his great a great mathematician, made some improve- 

learning, has been sketched by Dr. Reeves ment in the Irish harp. Thomas White 

and the Bollandist, V. de Buck. Hollywood founded the Irish college of Salamanca, 

is mentioned with honour in the history of the James Archer was a very remarkable man. 

University of Padua ; he was professor of the- R. Netterville was beaten to death by Crom- 

ology in some Continental colleges, and after well's soldiers in 1649; and Dominick O'Collin, 

four years in the Tower of London he became ex-colonel of heavy cavalry in the Wars of the 

superior of his brethren in Ireland for twenty- League, ex-captain of the Port of Corunna, 

three years. W. Bathe wrote a book on 'The who became a Jesuit lay brother in 1598, was 

Arte of Music,' and other works. R. Nugent, hanged in Cork in the year 1602. 



APPENDIX. 



295 



Dominicans. O'Daly, says Baronius, became the admiration of Louvain, Madrid, 
France, and almost all Europe. Wm. Furlong of Wexford, and Sebastian 
Shortal of Kilkenny, Cistercians ; D. Malone of the order of St. Jerome, and 
Pursell, a monk. 

Order of St. Francis. Dr. M c Caghwell of Down, Abp. of Armagh B. 
O'Hosey, H. Chamberlain, H. Ward, and Michael O'Clery (the chief of the 
Four Masters), all of Ulster; D. Mooney of Meath ; Miles of Drogheda ; R. 
Rochford of Leinster ; Dr. Conry, Archbp. of Tuam ; F. Mathews of Cork ; T. 
Strange and the famous Luke Wading of Waterford ; J. Ferral of Munster ; T. 
Geraldine, F. Gray, M. Walsh, A. Hickey, and P. O'Connor. 

Society of Jesus. Wm. Bathe, Christopher Holywood, H. FitzSimon, and 
Wm. Malone of Dublin; R. Conway of New Ross; Wm. St. Leger of Kilkenny; 
N. Nugent of Meath ; N. Comerford," P. Sherlock, Peter Wading, M. Wading, 
and Luke Wading, all of Waterford ; S. White of Clonmel ; B. O'Kearney of 
Cashel; J. Young of Cashel; M. Cantwell (?) of Tipperary; and Conor O'Mahony 
of Co. of Cork; R. Fleming, R. Rochford, J. Houling, J. Clare. See Ware's 
Writers, Hibernia Dominicana, and Bibliotheque des Ecrivains de la Comfagiiie 
de Jesus. 

IRISH COLLEGES ANNO 1598. 

1. The College of Salamanca, founded by Father Thomas White, S.J., in 1582 ; 
opened in 1592 by Fathers White, Archer, and Conway, S.J. 

2. Trinity College, Dublin, opened in 1593. 

3. Lisbon, founded by Fr. Houling, S.J., an. 1593. Historia Soc. Jesu. 

4. Douai, founded in 1594 by Dr. Cusack, a Meath clergyman. See Warts 
Antiquities, ed. by Dr. Harris; Anderson's Native Irish, p. 79; and History of the 
Irish Colleges on the Continent, published in the Irish Ecclesiastical Record. 

'From about the yeare 1555, as is well known, these late heresies oppressed 
religion in our countrie, banished teachers, extinguished learning, exiled to 
foreign countries all instruction, and enforced our youth either at home to be 
ignorant, or abroad in povertie rather to glean eares of learning, than with leisure 
to reap any great abundance thereof. Yet such as travelled to foreign countries, 
notwithstanding all difficulties, often attained to singular perfection and repu- 
tation of learning in sundrie sciences, to principal titles of universities, to high 
prelacies, of whom some are yet living, some departed in peace.' H. FitzSimon, 
S.J., preface to his work, On the Masse. 



296 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON ULSTER. 

Louth (see p. 3) stretches beyond Meath and the mouth of the Boyne, with 
a very winding shore to the north ; has a soil fit for pasture, and so rich as 
readily to answer the expense of cultivation. Drogheda, called by the English 
Tredagh, a handsome populous town Camden. Killingcoole Castle (see p. 4) 
has had many outworks and vaults running into one another, and is said to 
communicate with Castle Derner, six furlongs off; Glass Pistol Castle remains 
still. Castle Roche (see p. 5) is a noble ruin. Gough. 

Down (see p. 7) is an extensive and fertile country. Lecale, a rich country, 
and its extreme point is called by sailors at present St. John's Foreland. Ardes 
(p. n) is a peninsula, resembling a bended arm, being joined to the rest of the 
island by a very narrow isthmus, as the arm to the shoulder. The soil is every- 
where very kindly, except where in the middle, for near twelve miles in length, 
extends a wet and morassy level. The shore is thick set with small villages. 
Strangford (p. 12) is a safe harbour, where the river Coyn rushes with a great 
fall of water into the sea. Camden. Dundrum Castle (p. 12) is strong and 
boldly seated on a rock, its rains are of an irregular multangular figure, with a 
fine round tower about 35 feet diameter within. Ardglass (p. 12) exhibits at 
present a striking spectacle of its ancient strength and importance, being com- 
posed of a number of castles and a ruined church. But what is most worthy of 
attention is along range of building in the castle style, 250 feet in length, in 
breadth only 24 feet; the thickness of the walls 3 feet. It was probably built 
before 1381, if it be not more ancient. Gough. 

Antrim (p. 17), within two miles of Ballycastle, is a castle, and next it an 
ancient building, called the Abbey, in which is the inscription' In Dei dei- 
paraeque Virginis honorem illustrissimus ac noblissimus dominus Randolphus 
M c Donnell (p. 17), comes de Antrim hoc sacellum fieri curavit An. Dom. 1612.' 
Dunluce castle belonged to the M c Guillans, who were dispossessed of it by the 
M c Donnells in 1580. Gough. 

' Armagh (p. 1 9) is, as I have been told by the Earl of Devonshire, Lord 

Deputy, the most fruitful and luxuriant soil of all Ireland; so that if any 

manure be laid on it to improve it, it becomes barren as it were in resentment. 

Monaghan (p. 23) is very mountainous and covered with woods. Camden. 



APPENDIX. 

297 



Frn'^r 1 ^ itSCentreis the lar S est a d most famous lake in 









> , Brooks that run into it-all con- 

m St ? f^' and *"**** ^ V ^ er Tir ' en is the castle 
' CaStl6 mhabited in - 



d so t ' mate n Ur dme ^ TirI S h ^^ 0-Neil 

and some other castles of minor importance-which, as in other parts of this 

SS3T22S t0 r Whh "^ 100ph leS rather than P w ind OW s to 
J adjom apartments of turf covered with straw, having large courts sur 
rounded wuh ditches and bushes to defend their cattle from robbers A 1 he 

eatIOn ^ 



were Earls of 



Tn nH P s o Elizabeth 

Donnell, had revolted from O'Neill in the height of his rebellion and 

made peace wuh the English, had appeared against Tyrone in a suit of law 
by the grossest injustice he and all dependent on him were deprived of every 

5?wSLS n "l ' Th t C Unty f C lrane is >Cahan ' s f itful count ^ 

I^v' L!^ / 7- ^, r SCh larS f r the jUrOTS ' J S in number ' o f whom 13 
T tS , ' f ^ VCry readily ' The ^ were - 2 0>Cahans ' 3 O'Mullens! 
' 






ie H 0' H ' 

, and O'Heny.-W^y^. tf ArA No . and 



2 P 



298 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



ADDITIONAL NOTES ON LEINSTER, &c. 

Dublin (p. 35) is a good corn country, abounding in all sorts of game, but so 
bare of wood in many parts that they are forced to burn turf or English pit-coal ; 
it is well stocked with towns and inhabitants, surpassing the rest of Ireland in 
improvements, and in a peculiar neatness. Where the little river Bray falls into 
the sea, a little higher up one sees Ould Court, an estate of the Walshes of 
Carrickmain, of ancient nobility and numerous in these parts. Dublin City is 
defended with strong walls, adorned with beautiful buildings and well peopled 
with inhabitants. From the quays run very strong walls of hewn stone, defended 
also on the south with ramparts, having six gates, which open into suburbs 
extending a great way beyond them. On the west side are two gates Ormond 
gate and Newgate (which last is the public prison) leading to a very long 
suburb called St Thomas's. Camden. 

A TRUE DESCRIPTION BOTH OF THE CITTY AND CITIZENS OF DUBLIN, BY 
BARNABY RICHE, GENT., IN THE YEAR 1610. 

He that had no other knowledge of the Citty of Dublin, but as it is described 
by M. Stanihurst, in his Chronicle of Ireland, woulde thinke it to be far exceed- 
ing in Statelinesse of building and in many other Commodities more then it is at 
this houre, and yet I am sure that within these forty yeares that I have knowne 
Dublin, it hath bin replenished with a thousand chimnies, and beautified with as 
many glasse-windowes, and yet it maketh no such sumptuous shew. But (saith 
M. Stanihursf), It dooth exceed in gorgeous buildings, in Martial Chivalrie, in 
obedience and loyaltie, in largenesse of hospitalitie and in manners and civility. 
First, for the gorgeous buildings in Dublin, there be Som other Townes in Ire- 
land that do farre exceed it. And to speake truly, the buildings of Dublin are 
neither outwardly faire, nor inwardly handsome : a ruynous kind of building, 
neither convenient nor well cast : neither do I thinke, that either the Masons, 
nor yet their Carpenters, are of skill to contrive any better. 

For their Martial Chivalrie, I will not disavowe them, no doubt they have 
able men among them, both of body & mind, but I beleeve there are better 
Souldiers in Ireland, then any be in Dublin. 

To speake the truth of Dubline as it deserveth. First, for the Towne it selfe, 



APPENDIX. 299 

it is convenient enough, pleasantly seated, as wel for the serenity of the ayre as 
for the pleasing walks that are round about the Citty. 

The Cittizens themselves are wonderfully reformed in manners, in civility, in 
curtesy: themselves and their wives modest and decent in their apparell (I 
speake of the better Sort), and they are tractable enough to any thing, Religion 
only excepted. 

For their largenesse of Hospitalitie, I will not deprive them of their right: 
They are bountifull enough of their meat and drinke, according to their abilities. 
Now lastly, for their manners and civility, I confesse, Dublin is very well reformed, 
since M. Stanihurst writ his Chronicle. And now hee cometh againe to speake 
of the pleasantnesse of the scituation, and by seeming, he would make it a town 
impregnable. But I thinke M. Stanihurst had little skil in the Art of Fortifi- 
cation. Then he describeth it with so many Churches, with so many Chapels, 
with so many streets, with so many lanes, with so many Gates, and with so many 
Bridges, as I protest, I having knowne Dublin these forty yeares, yet know not 
where to finde the one halfe of them he hath named ; and a great many of those 
that are to be seen, when they are found, make but a sory shew in respect of 
the Commendation he hath given. 

To speake the truth, there are seuerall Citizens of Dubline that are very 
wealthy & men of good ability, that haue there shoppes well replenished with 
all sortes of wares, as wel Mercery as Grocery, & Drapery, both linnen & 
woollen, & their is neither silk-man nor milliner in London, that can shew better 
wares (for the quantitie) then some of those do that bee called Merchantes of 
Dubline. But I am now to speake of a certaine kind of commodity that out- 
stretcheth all that I have hitherto spoken of, & that is the selling of Ale in 
Dubline a Quotidian commodity that hath vent in euery house in the Towne 
euery day in the weeke, at euery houre in the day, & in euery minute in the 
houre. There is no Merchandise so vendible, it is the very marrow of the 
common wealth in Dubline : the whole profit of the Towne stands upon Ale- 
houses, & selling of Ale. Barnaby Riche's Description of Ireland. 

Car low (p. 51) 'is rich and tolerably wooded. In these parts live great 
numbers of Cavanaghs, good soldiers, famous horsemen, and still breathing the 
spirit of their ancient nobility in their abject poverty. But as they cherish the 
utmost inveteracy against each other, for I know not what murders committed 
on both sides many years ago, they are continually destroying one another with 
mutual violence and assassination.' Camden. 

Wexford (p. 56) is a town of no great size ; the county abounds with English, 
still retaining the old English dress and idiom, though with a mixture of Irish. 



300 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Near Ferns, on the other side of the Slaney, live the Cavenaghs, Donells, Mon- 
taghs, O'Moors, Irish families of turbulent dispositions, and among them the 
Sinnots, Roches and Peppards, English families. . . . On this side the Slaney 
the bulk of the common people are of English extraction. Camden. 

Cavan (p. 117). The O'Reillys were, not long since, particularly dis- 
tinguished for their cavalry. Camden. 

Galway (p. 131) is at least the third city in Ireland, being handsomely built 
of hewn stone in a form nearly circular, and beautified with towers, frequented 
by merchants, who with great ease and advantage supply it with the various 
riches of land and sea. Camden. 

Maio (p. 140) is a fruitful and pleasant country, rich in cattle, deer, hawks, 
and honey. Camden. The castles in this county are very numerous, and all 
square, says Gough, who gives the names of forty-five and the dimensions of six 
of them. 

Leitrim (p. 147) consists entirely of mountains covered with luxuriant her- 
bage ; it feeds so many cattle that within its narrow compass it counted at one 
time above 120,000 head. Here rises the Shannon, that prince of Irish rivers, 
which sometimes narrow, sometimes broad, by its various windings, washes 
many counties. The principal families are O'Rorck, O'Murrey, Mac Lochleim, 
Mac Glanchie, and Mac Granell, all downright Irish. Camden. 

O'Rorke's castle, near Dromahare castle, from what remains, appears to have 
been strong and spacious, the windows still in being are high, narrow and dark. 
The castles of Longfield, Cloncorrisk, and Castlebar, all of the O'Rorkes, are 
still to be seen. Dungarbery castle seems to have been of some extent ; it was 
built by Lady Elizabeth Clancy in the reign of Elizabeth. Gough. 

Limerick (p. 196) consists of two parts that called the Upper one, in which 
are the cathedral and castle, has two gates with handsome stone bridges with 
battlements and drawbridges, one leading westward, the other leading eastward, 
to which last adjoins a town walled round with its castle and outworks. Camden. 



APPENDIX. 



301 



EVENTS OF THE YEAR 1598. 



I.' The Cessation: 

ON the 29th of October 1597, the Earl of Ormond, by virtue of her Majesty's 
letters, was made Lord Lieutenant-General of the army, and represented the 
Queen's ' own person.'* On the 22 d of December he went to Dundalk, received 
O'Neill's conditional submission, and his 'humble' petition. The Petition 
asks, ' That all the inhabitants of Ireland may have free liberty of conscience, 
or, at leastways, the benefit of her Majesty's law without being cumbered with 
the law of reason." Tor that the abuses of her bad officers hath been the begin- 
ning of all this trouble, and that the Irishry cannot away with the rigour of law 
upon every small occasion, their bringing up being but barbarous,' that Tyrone 
may be made a county palatine. That her Majesty withdraw her garrison from 
Tyrone ' and all other parts of the Irishry.' As there had passed an oath be- 
tween O'Neill and all the Irishry that took part with him, that he would take no 
agreement for himself unless every of them had pardon and his predecessors' 
lands he craves that the same may be granted, and that the Mores and Connors 
(dispossessed in Q. Mary's time) may have a reasonable portion of their prede- 
cessors' lands. b This was not a very humble petition made ' upon the knees of 
his heart.' Mr. Brewer, in his Introduction to Vol. III. of the Carew Calendar," 
writes, ' To Tyrone's honour be it said, on one point he remained unshaken. It 
was required of him that he should not receive into his country any disloyal 
person, but, upon notice being given, send them to the Governor.' To that 
' he agreeth, save only that he will not apprehend any spiritual man, that cometh 
into the country for his conscience sake." ' In all his conferences with the 

a Car. Cat., pp. 296, 277. b Car. Cal., 274. c p. xlv. 



3O2 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

English authorities, and in his correspondence with his countrymen, liberty of 
conscience, and regard for the Catholic faith were put foremost by Tyrone.' 
Hence, when a Dublin Jesuit, Father FitzSimon, (a Palesman and no friend of 
O'Neill), was imprisoned in time of cessation, O'Neill wrote, ' I do feel myself 
more grieved, that any should be for his religion restrained in time of cessation 
than if there were 1000 preys taken from me. Wherefore, as ever you think 
that I shall enter to conclude peace or cessation with the State, let him be 
presently enlarged.' 11 

Ormond on his side proposed 1 'abstinence from war' eight weeks from the 
date hereof ; Tyrone ' agreeth, provided the like be observed by her Majesty's 
subjects towards himself and all in action with him.' He agrees to call out of 
Leinster as many as were sent thither by his direction ; saving only, if any do 
stay contrary to his commandment, that they be used no othenvise than as they 
be with whom they tarry. He is contented that her Majesty's subjects shall buy 
necessaries in Ulster, so as his men and dependants may have like liberty 
among her Highnesses subjects, and he agrees that ' the Ulster men shall not 
come in troops or great companies around, whereby to take meat and drink of 
her Majesty's subjects by violence.' Restitution to be made of any prey or 
bodragge taken out of the Pale to the Fues, Ferney or any other part of the 
North, ' the same being trackted thither ' the like course to be held for any 
spoils taken from the Earl of Tyrone or his dependants by any of the army of 
the Pale he agreeth. c 

These articles and O'Neill's petition seem to have been taken to England by 
the Earl of Thomond. The Annals say, that ' shortly before Christmas the 
Earls of Ormond and Thomond went into Ulster, when they and O'Neill and 
O'Donnell passed three nights together at one place . . . and a peace was made 
between the English and Irish on the oath of these Earls until May following. 
The proposals . . . were dispatched to the Queen by the Earl of Thomond. 
This Earl went to England in the beginning of January.' f 

'After the concluding of peace from Christmas to May 1598, between the 
Irish of Leathchuinn and the Earl of Ormond, the Irish of the North issued 
orders to all the insurgents of [Leinster and Meath, namely, the Cavanaghs, 
O'Conors, O'Mores, the Gavel-Rannal (O'Byrnes), the O'Tooles, Tirrels, and 
Nugents, to desist for a short time from their acts of plunder and rebellion and 
they did so at the bidding of their Chiefs. The Earl of Ormond permitted them 

d Mr. Brewer's Introduction to Vol. III. of * Cat. C*l., pp. 275, 276. 

Careiv Calendar, p. Ivii. ' Annala. 



APPENDIX. 303 

to frequent Leinster, Meath, and the East of Munster, and to eat and drink 
with the inhabitants) until news should come from England, in May, respecting 
peace or war. By this instruction they continued traversing and frequenting 
every country from Cill Maintain (the town of Wicklow) to the Suir, and from 
Loch Gorman (Wexford) to the Shannon. It was not easy for the inhabitants 
of these territories to bear their inordinate demands during this period.' 8 

In January the Lords Justices write, 'that they find cause of great distrust in 
Tyrone, and that he receiveth letters from the King of Scots ; ' in the same 
month Brounker speaks of ' the lamentable state of this accursed country the 
enemy is grown insolent and intolerable ; in discipline and weapons he is little 
inferior to us; the men of most spirit follow the rebels, and leave the rascals to 
the Queen's service." 1 

'The 18 th of Februarie, Brian Oge Orwarke (commonly called Ororke), Lord 
of Letrym, submitted himself in a great assembly on his knees to her Majestic, 
before Sir C. Clifford, Governor of Connaught ' (whom O'Ruarc defeated the 
year after in the battle of the Curliews, in which Clifford was slain. Editor). 
' He and his followers promised in all humblenesse to perform all duties to her 
Majestie. . . . This goodly submission had all the same issue as followeth in 
that of the famous Faith-breaker, Tyrone." The Carew Calendar gives 
' O'Rourke's fifteen Demands ' made on the 8th February, among which are 
' that he may have his country, both spiritual and temporal, passed to him and 
his heirs by patent ; that a gaol be built at Leitrim, and a ward of O'Rourke's 
choice be maintained by the Queen to defend it ; that he may have warrant to 
confer with gentlemen in rebellion, and that what he promises in behalf of her 
Majesty be performed. All this was granted.' 

The Irish Annals tell us that, ' O'Rourke (Brian Oge, the son of Brian, son 
of Brian Ballagh, son of Owen) was angry with O'Donnell (Hugh'Roe, the son 
of Hugh, son of Manus) because of his having plundered O'Conor Roe against 
his wish, as we have written before ; and moreover he was not at all on terms of 
peace with- his own brother, i.e., Teige O'Rourke, the son of Brian, son of Brian 
Ballagh (in consequence of a disagreement) about the partition of their territory 
and land. Wherefore O'Rourke confederated and formed a league of friendship 
with the Governor, Sir Conyers Clifford. O'Donnell was not pleased at hearing 
this news, for the O'Rourkes had, from a remote period, been the friends of his 



* Annala, pp. 2045 and 2051. ' Moryson. 

h Life of McCarthy Mir, pp. 165 and 473. > Car. Cal., p. 279. 



304 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

tribe, and he (the present O'Rourke) was his own kinsman, and he did not wish 
to make an incursion against him or plunder his territory, as he would treat all 
others in Connaught ; but he felt certain that he must needs plunder him unless 
he should return to the confederacy of the Irish, for he (O'Donnell) was not at 
peace with any one who was under the tutelage of the English. For a certain 
time he privately solicited him to return, and at another time he menaced and 
threatened to plunder his territory unless he should come back. O'Rourke con- 
tinued to listen to those messages from the beginning of Spring to the May 
following, at which time he went to Athlone and delivered up his hostages 
to the Governor ; and they made (mutual) vows and promises to be faithful 
to each other; but though the engagement was sincere (at the time), it was not 
long kept." 1 

' On the isth of March, at a meeting'in Dundalk, the Lord Lieutenant-General 
Ormond signified to Tyrone that her Majesty had been induced by his humble 
submission to give pardon to him and all the Inhabitants of Tyrone upon con- 
ditions following: i, that he renew his submission in some publike place; 
2, that he promise due obedience of a subject, and not to intermeddle with the 
Irish, but now leaving them to themselves, that they may become humble suitors 
for their own pardons, in which case it is promised to them also ; 3, that he 
disperce his forces, upon receit of his pardon, and dismiss all strangers, Irish, 
Scots, or others ; 4, that he renounce the name and title of Oiuale; 5, not to 
intermeddle with her Maiestie's wriaghtes (so the Irish call the bordering lords, 
whom the Ulster Tyrants have long claimed to be their vassals) ; 6, that he 
build up again, at his owne charges, the Fort and Bridge of Blackwater, and 
furnish the soldiers with victuals as he formerly did ; 7, that he deliver to the L. 
Lieutenant the sonnes of Shane Oneale, who were her Maiestie's Prisoners till 
breaking out they fell into his hands, and were imprisoned by him ; 8, to declare 
all intelligence with Spaine, and leave it ; 9, that he receive a Sheriff for Tyrone, 
as all other countries doe ; 10, that he put in his eldest sonne for pledge, and at 
all time come to the State, being called ; n, that he pay a fine in part of satis- 
faction for his offence, according to her Maiestie's pleasure ; 12, that he aid no 
Rebell, nor meddle with the Inhabitants on the east side of the Ban, yet so as 
he may enjoy any lands he hath there; 13, that he receive not any disloyal 
person, but send such to the chiefe governour.' 

' To the 5th O'Neill says he desireth nothing of the vvriaghts, but such duties 

k Annala, p. 2053. 






APPENDIX. 305 

as they yielded since his grandfather's time. He refuseth the yth, because he 
had not those prisoners from the State. The roth he refuseth, for the pledges 
(in particular). For the nth he agreeth to a fine of 500 cowes, yet praying the 
L. Lieutenant to be a means to her Maiesty for the remittal thereof. To the 
last he agreeth, provided that he would deliver no man to the State, who came 
to him for cause of conscience. . . . Hereupon at the instance of the L. 
Lieutenant the Lords Justices caused Tyrone's pardon to be drawne, and sealed 
with the great scale of Ireland bearing date the nth of April 1598.' 

'Tyrone received his generall pardon; but, continuing still his disloyal courses, 
never pleaded the same, so as upon his indictment in Sept. 1595, you shall find 
him after outlawed in the year 1600." 

The truce, which lasted till the yth of June, was violated only once, that is, 
when ' James (the brother of the Earl of Ormond), the son of Edward, son of 
James, son of Pierce Roe Butler, and the son of Mac Pierce, sheriff of the county 
of Tipperary, and many other gentlemen, proceeded precisely at Easter on an 
incursion against Brian Reagh O'More, a gentleman of the Irish party, who was 
passing Easter in Ikerrin ; but disaster and misfortune befell the assailants, for 
many of their gentlemen, of their followers, and of their soldiers, were slain, and 
James, the son of Edward Butler, was taken prisoner; but Brian Reagh delivered 
him up in a week afterwards to the Earl of Ormond on account of the peace we 
have mentioned, and after it had been ascertained that it was not by the per- 
mission of the Earl this attack was made."" 

2. The War in Ulster. 

'An answer arrived from England to the letters of O'Neill, O'Donnell, and the 
other Irish chiefs in alliance with them. The Queen and the Council did not 
consent to grant them the conditions they demanded ; and therefore the Irish 
exchanged their peace for war, their quietness for turmoil, and their tranquillity 
for dissension ; so that they rekindled the ancient flame of hatred in the summer 
of this year/" 

So the Four Masters have written, but Moryson says that O'Neill's terms 
were accepted, yet that he ' wanted not pretences to frustrate this late treaty.' 
' The Irish Kerne were at the first 'rude soldiers, so as two or three of them 
were employed to discharge one Peece, and hitherto they have subsisted 
especially by treacherous tenders of submission ; but now they were growne 

1 Moryson, p. 23; Confer Car, Ca/,, p. 278. " Annala, p. 2053. 
'" Anna/a, p. 2053. 



306 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

ready in managing their Peeces, and bold to skirmish in bogges and wooddy 
passages ; yea, this yeare and the next following became so disasterous to 
the English, and successful in action to the Irish, as they shaked the English 
Government in this Kingdome till it tottered, and wanted little of fatal 
ruine. Tyrone wanted not pretences to frustrate this late treaty, and to 
return to his former disloyalty, and the defection of all other submitties 
depending on him followed his revolt. First he sent aid to Phelim Mac 
Feogh, chief of the O'Byrnes, the sonne of Sir Feogh Mac Hugh (killed in 
Sir W. Russel's time), to the end he might make the warre in Leinster against 
the English.' 

3. Siege of the Fart of Blackwater. 

' Because the English Fort of Blackwater was a great eyesore to him, lying 
on the cheefe passage into his Countrey, Tyrone assembled all his forces and 
assaulted the same. But Captaine Williams with his company under him so 
valiantly repelled the great multitude of assaylants with slaughter of many and 
the most hardy, attempting to scale the fort (which was only a deep trench or 
wall of earth to lodge some one hundred Souldiers) as they, utterly discouraged 
from assayling it, resolved to besiege it afarre off, and knowing they wanted 
victuals presumed to get it.' p Moryson speaks disparagingly of this fort, which 
is said by O'Clery, in his life of O'Donnell, to have been 'a strong earthen fort, 
with fighting towers, windows, and loopholes, and a garrison of 300 men.' 

The assault mentioned by Moryson must have taken place in the year 1597, 
as we know from Francis Cosbie that the day after it a ' Lord Deputy drewe 
towards the forte and made an oration to the constable and soldiers.' That 'many 
assaltes' were made 'to surprize' the fort in 1598 is certain from the letter of the 
L. Justices, of July 22 d , and from O'Sullevan's account, which I will here insert. 
' While O'Neill was besieging Portmore, O'Donnell, who had come to help him, 
persuaded him to storm the place. Ladders high enough for the wall, and able 
to hold five men abreast, were, in spite of the fire from the fort, placed against 
the wall, but as the English, foreseeing the escalade, had deepened the trench, 
most of the ladders were found too short, and the few men who gained the top 
of the rampart were killed before they could be supported. One hundred and 
twenty of the assailants were slain, and among them Morogh Cavanagh, a 
Leinster gentleman, who had proved himself a stout soldier in the battle fields 
of Belgium. q 

Moryson, p. 24. " Moiyson. '' O'Sullevan's Hist. Cath. p. 188. 



APPENDIX. 307 

This can scarcely regard the assault of 1597 mentioned by the Four Masters, 
in which 30 were slain, or that described by Cosbie, in which over 34 were 
killed. Cosby says that there were in the Fort ' Cap"- Will m % with some ccc 
soldiers . . . the valiantest men of Tiroane's forces undertooke to wynne the 
same . . . gave a most wonderfull and bould assault, continuing the same very- 
long with great resolution, as well in their fighte as continuallye supplyinge of 
fresh men in the places of the slayne, hurte, and wyckened ; and with great 
lykelehoode they had wonne the same at that instant, if they had met with a 
cravynne as they buckled w th a man of worthe . . . Cap"- Williams comforted his 
soldiers . . . and therefore, said he, pull up your hearts ; for this hand of myne, 
havinge a linstock therein, shall give fyer to this traigne, and both blowe youe 
and myself up to the skyes rather than that these miscreants shall enjoy this 
chardge of mine.' Upon which every man that was able to stand and hould a 
weapon . . . cried out, ' We will die with honor to the last man.' The enemy 
being advanced to the top of the wall and covetinge by all means to enter . . . 
the ditches were filled with their dead corpses ; yet stood they to it right man- 
fully . . . the two field peeces charged with muscet shot paid them their hyre 
both comynge, stayingc, and retournynge ; and glad they were (although it is a 
custome among them to carry away as many dead corpses and maimed men as they 
may), yet for all their cunninge they left xxxiiii behind them in the ditches, w* 
all their ladders, and some furniture for a witness they had come there ; but I 
ensuer you that there was a nomber slaigne and hurte, that were conveyed away, 
and very few of the warde either slaigne or hurte.'' 

I thought it right to insert this description for the honour of the besieged and 
the besiegers, though it relates to an assault immediately preceding the attempts 
' to surprize' in 1598. 

Sir G. Fenton writes on the nth of June 'The last truce expired the 7th of 
this month, and within 2 days after Ty rone made this devesion of his forces ; one 
parte he sent before the Blackwater, which he now holdeth invironed, swearing 
by his barbarous hand that he will not 'departe till he carry the forte ; another 
parte he thrust into the Brenny, and at this present assaulteth the castle of the 
Cavan there, promising not to leave the place so long as he can gett a cow out 
of the English Pale to feed his companies.' The Lords Justices write, June 17 
' The forte is blocked, the garrison consisteth upon 4 companies of foot." Ormend 
writes to Cecil, June the i8th ' I confess hit is no small hartgrefe unto me to 
hold the place I do, and to want the meanes whereby I shold be inhabled to 

' Abridged from Cosbie's Book on the State of Ireland, Aug. 20, 1598. 



308 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

perform what I most desier. I protest to God the state of the scurvie 
fort of blackwater, which cannot be longe held, doth more toche my harte 
then all the spoyles that ever were made by traytors on mine owne landes. 
This forte was always falling and never victualed, but ons (by myself), without 
an armye.' 

A spy gives this intelligence to Fen ton ' The I3th day I made an excuse 
to goe into the forte, and the Capten tould me all his casse ; w c h was that he 
wold keepe the forte yet this moneth ; wch he may well doe ; for that he hath 
gott of late into the forte 17 or 18 of therles mares, w c h will serve him and his 
company a good tyme. He prayith yo r Hon r - to haste away the Queene's armye 
to succor him, or else that he may know from you w'hin 20 dales whether he 
shall make his composicicn with therle or not. 

' Therle hath made great plashes betweene Armagh and the blackwater ; and 
there he says he will fight w'h the m r sshall yf he come to vittell the forte. He 
lyeth there stronge with as great an armye as ev r I saw in the north, and yet he 
hath of late geven leave to O'Donnell, M c W m -, Maguire, and James M c Sorley 
to go hoame into their countreys, and to be readie to come agayne when he 
shall send for them.' 

The LLs. Justices state, July 22 'The Forte is yet helde by that valyant 
Gent"-, Capten Williams, who commanded it ; althoughe Tyrone have lately lent 
his whole forces to surprize it, and have lost many men still about yt, who have 
blocked them in on all sydes of that fort ; yet . . . that Captain hath lately 
issued forth, and. besides killing 2 or 3 principal men, he hath gotten divers 
horses and garrans of Tyrone's into the forte, which stande him and the garrison 
in good steade of foode. Tyrone hath lyen before it above a month, plashing of 
passes, and digging deepe hoales in the Rivers the more to distress the armye 
that should come to releeve it, and has used many assaltes to gett it.' s 

' Cap"' Williams lying longe in that unhappye forte without any reliefe but 
suche garrons and horses as he by pollicy could attayne urito for the suffycinge 
of himself and hungry ward, acquainted the State with this their woeful misery ; 
who, having regarde of their distresses, and the safety of that great bulwarke, 
sent for the Lo. Lieutenant-Gen 1 - to Dublin ; where, after debating what course 
tvas to be held, in the end concluded that Sir H. Bagnall should have the com- 
mande of this expedicion." 

The LL. Justices write ' On the 2 d of Aug., upon conferment held in coun- 

See these letters in full in Kilk. Jour, of < Francis Cosbie See M'Carthy M6r, 
Arch., an. 1857 ; and in M'Carthy Mir. p. 474. 



APPKNDIX. 309 

sell touching the revitlinge of Blackwater, the Marshal being present, sent for 
expressly by the L. Lieutenant, som of us were of opinion that the hazard were 
too great. . . . But when we saw his Lo. and the Marshal stande so much upon 
the honor of the service . . . we wished the L. Lieutenant to undertake the matter 
in person, as his presence might drawe many of the nobilitye with their followers, 
and might move Tyrone either from feare or from som other respects to give 
way to him. We and the Lo. Lieutenant had written to the Captain of the 
Blackwater to consider how he might make his composition in tyme to the most 
honour he could for her Ma ly and best safety for himselfj but the Marshal stayed 
these letters. 

' His Lo. and the Marshall agreeing afterwards, his Lo. took upon him the 
matters of Leinster, and left to the Marshal the accion of Blackwater.'" 

The LL. Justices wrote a private letter, stating that ' it is well knowen to all 
this table, ho\v much against our advise the same (jorney to the Blackwater) was 
undertaken. When we could not drawe his Lordship and the Marshall from 
their purpose . . . we urged muche that his Lp. would himselfe undertake that 
service. . . . Yet his Lordship, being unable or unwilling to indure that troble- 
some jorney, answered us, that he himself could not be spared from the service 
in Leinster.' 1 ' These Justices must have been bearing false witness against 
Ormond; for that straightforward and fearless man wrote to Cecil 'Sir, for that 
I understand that the LL. Justices wrote over to you, after this disaster, that it 
was not there act to send the Marshal, but that it was a plott sett down between 
him and me, I have thoght goode for proofe of the contrary to send you the 
inclosed notes, which I pray you to make known to Her Majestye."" Her 
Majesty, however, condemned Ormond, saying ' In the arrival of Sir R. 
Bingham, we knowe that you our coussin of Ormond, our Lieutenant, will 
find great ease. It being neither fitt nor possible that you shold spend your 
bodye in all services at all times ; and yet we must pleynely tell you that we did 
much dislike that you did not attend the late accion ; for yt were strange to us, 
when almost the whole force of our kingdom were drawn to a hedd, and a mayne 
blow like to be stroken for our honor against the cappytall rebell, that youe, whose 
person wold have better daunted the traytor, and would have carried with it 
another manner of reputation, and strengthe of the nobilitie of the Kingdome, 
shold employ yourself in an accion of less importance, and leave this to so meane 
a commander.'" 

" LL. Justices, l6th Aug. w Ormond, Sep. 17 See McCarthy Mbr. 

T Loftus and Gardener, Aug. 17. x Queen to LL. Justices, in Car. Cat. 



3 IQ STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

4- ' The Jorney to the Blackwater.' 

On the 2 d of August, the LL. Justices write' It may please y 1 LL's. to 
understand that uppon consideracion had of the forte of Blackwater, w ch yet holdeth 
out, as we are informed, thoughe with great extremetie, and comparinge likewise 
the state of Leinster endaungered in ev ry parte by the rebells of the same province, 
and aided by forces from Tyrone ... Sir H. Bagnall, the Marshall, is now to 
drawe into Ulster with parte of the armye, consisting upon 3500 foote by the 
polle, and about 300 horse to revittle the Blackwater; and with another parte of 
the armye, I, the L. Lieutenant-Gen 1 -, w th such few companies as remayne, am 
to attend the prosecution in Leinster. The day appointed for the Rendevoues 
for the Ulster armye is the i6th of this month, when all the companies are to 
assemble at Ardye, and from thence to march e to the Newrie, and so to the 
Blackwater ; the successe and accydents of w ch Jorney shall be advertised to 
yo r Us. as they shall fall out, w ch we pray God to prosper to Her M tics - Honor 
and the saffetie of the armye, onely we understand that Tyrone hath plashed the 
waies and digged deepe holes with other trenches and fortifications to ympeache 
the armye between Armaghe and the Blackwater. ' y 

The troops marched through Drogheda, Ardee, and Dundalk ;' and on the 
izth of August they cam from the Newrie, 3 and reached Armagh on the i3th 
without any loss other than the taking of Cap" 1 Ratcliff prisoner, and some 4 or 
5 others cutt off in the straight between Dundalk and the Newrie, and who 
straggled after the armye and did not march under the seffety thereof. b 

5- Number and Quality of the English Army. 

The Armye numbered 4000 foote and upwards, and 320 horse by pole, c the 
most choice companies of foote and horse troops of the English Army, d and 
the most loyal and best tried in war ; e but according to the Irish account the 
numbers were 4500 foot and 500 horse/ A state paper of the time says that 
'In the end of April Her Majesty's army in Ireland was certified to be in 
heads '- Foote. Horse. 

Of English . . 2319 100 

Of Palemcn . . 1785 292 

Meere Irishe . . 2478 129 

English sent in July . 2000 

Total 8582 52 1 

y Lords Justices' Letter in McCarthy Mor, p. 477. * Annala. a 111 Newse out of Ireland. 
*> LL. Justices. c Ormond. d Moryson and Camden. e Annala. f O'Sullevan. g S. P. 
given in McCarthy Miir, p. 173. 



APPENDIX. 311 

The best of these soldiers were sent to the north, and, to use the words of 
Queen Elizabeth, 'almost the whole forces of Her Majesty's Kingdome were 
drawen to a head, and a mayne blowe like to be stroken for her honor against 
the cappytal rebel 1.' h 

' Bagnall was skilled in the art of war, as prudent as he was braVe, cautious in 
success, undaunted in disaster, less contumelious to the conquered than most 
Englishmen, who are never sparing of their insults he had few equals and 
fewer superiors among the generals of his country. His army consisted of 4500 
foot under 40 standards and as many captains, lieutenants, ensigns, and sergeants 
(tesserarii), and of 500 horse under 8 standards led by Montague. The English 
were all veterans, who had served under General Sir John Norris in France, or 
had come from the Belgian fortresses, or had learned the soldier's trade in the 
Irish wars. The Irish of Bagnal's army were somewhat more numerous, and 
had often distinguished themselves in the service of the Queen. There were with 
him also some young Irishmen of distinction, such as Melmorra O'Reilly (called 
the Handsome on account of the rare beauty of his form and face), and Chris- 
topher St. Lawrence, son of Lord Howth. All these soldiers were well armed ; 
foot and horse were furnished with breastplates, the shot had heavy or light guns, 
and swords, daggers, and helmets; and the whole host shone gaily in their 
plumes, sashes or sword-belts, and other military trappings. The brass cannons 
were on wheels and drawn by horses. There was an abundant supply of the 
munitions of war; and horses and oxen carried plenty of bread, salt meat, cheese, 
butter, and beer for the army and the fort of Portmore while a great number of 
drivers, sutlers, and foragers accompanied the baggage.' ' 

6. 77/6' Irish ArmyO'NeilFs Address. 

'When O'Neill had received intelligence that this great army was approach- 
ing him, he sent his messengers to O'Donnell requesting him to come to his 
assistance against this overwhelming force of foreigners. O'Donnell proceeded 
immediately with all his warriors, both infantry and cavalry, and a strong body 
of forces from Connaught to the assistance of his ally. The Irish of all the 
province of Ulster joined the same army, so that they were all prepared to meet 
the EngHsh before they arrived at Armagh. They then dug deep trenches in the 
common road by which they thought the English would come.' j 

Leaving some men to keep the garrison in check, O'Neill, on hearing of 

h Words of Elizabeth given in a S. P. pub- 'O'Safte'tttt, p. 19. 

lislicd in the Kilk. Arch. Journal. > Annala, p. 2061. 



312 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Bagnall's approach, marched to meet him, and took up his position a mile from 
Portmore, and two miles from Armagh. As O'Donnell had brought 1000 Con- 
naught men under M c William, and 1000 of his clansmen of Tirconnell, the 
northern army rose to the number of 4500 foot and 600 horse ; but it was far 
inferior to the English host in equipment, as it consisted of light armed horse 
and infantry, with the exception of some heavy shot or musketeers. k 

According to O'Clery's Life of Hugh O'Donnell, very few of the Irish were 
armed as the English were, in comparison with whom they were ' naked ; ' but 
they had enough of ' spears and broad lances with strong handles of ash, of 
straight, keen-edged swords and thin polished battle-axes, but devoid of the 
flesca and ecclanna which distinguished the English battle-axes they also had 
javelins, bows and arrows, and guns with matchlocks." 

'When the chiefs of the North observed the very great danger that now 
threatened them, they began to harangue their people to acts of valour, saying 
that unless the victory was theirs on that day, no prospect remained for them 
after it but that of being some slaughtered without mercy, and others cast into 
prisons and wrapped in chains, as the Irish had' been often before ; and that such 
as should escape from that battle would be expelled and banished into distant 
foreign countries ; and they told them moreover, it was easier for them to defend 
their patrimony against this foreign people (now) than to take the patrimony of 
others by force, after having been expelled from their own native country. This 
exciting exhortation of the chiefs made (the desired) impression upon their people; 
and the soldiers declared that they were ready to suffer death sooner than submit 
to what they feared would happen to them.' '" 

The address given in Irish by O'Clery is thus translated by O'Donovan 
' Brave people, be not dismayed or frightened at the English on account of the 
foreign appearance of their array and the strangeness of their armour and arms, 
the sound of their trumpets and labours and warlike instruments, or their great 
numbers for it is absolutely certain that they shall be defeated in the battle of 
this day. Of this we are indeed convinced, for you are on the side of truth, and 
they are on the lie, fettering you in prisons, and beheading you in order to rob 
you of your patrimonies. We have indeed a very high hope that this very day 
will distinguish between truth, as Morann, the son of Maen, said in the celebrated 
proverb : nifuigl/itear breiteain bus firiu catrac there has not been found, there shall 
not be found a truer judge than the battle-field, as we have heard from our poets, 
who have instructed us from a remote period. 

^O'Sullci'an, p. 191. Supra, p. 34. ' Set- Aniiala, p. 2068, note. '" Annala. 



APPENDIX. 313 

" Moreover it is easier to defend your own patrimony against a race of strangers 
than to seek another's partrimony after being expulsed from your own native 
country, which has been in your possession from the year of the world 3500 to 
this very day." 

' The gentlemen and chieftains said that what the princes had uttered was 
true . . . the minds of the heroes, and the courage of the common soldiers 
were raised, and the Cinel-Connell, Cind-Oiuen, Airghialla, and Ui-Eathach- 
Uladh were filled with fury, vigour and a desire of plying their arms, by the 
harangues of their princes and true leaders ; and they promised to them that 
they would not yield a foot, and that they would suffer death in that field sooner 
than be defeated. 

' There was another cause for the exaltation of the minds of the youthful 
soldiers. It was told to them that St. Bearchan, the prophet of God, had 
prophesied that a battle would be fought at that place against the Galls of Dublin 
by a Hugh O'Neill and by the province in general, for he had promised that 
the inhabitants of Ulster would come to his relief, and the Cinel-Connell in 
particular. The heroes believed that the prophet of God would not tell a lie. 
The person who first exhibited this prophecy was a certain famous poet of the 
faithful people of O'Donnell, who accompanied OTJonnell on this expedition, to 
excite and encourage him. His name was Fearfasa O'Clery. He asked what 
was the name of that place, and, being told it, he said that St. Bearchan had 
predicted a defeat of foreigners by a Hugh O'Neill, and that he had for a long 
time a recollection of the prophecy, which the true saint had delivered ; and he 
proceeded to harangue the heroes, as was proper for one like him, and he said, 
reciting the words of St. Bearchan : 

A ccath an Atha-buidhe 
As lais tuitfe na danair 
lar ndithughadh allmuireach 
Bidh faoilidh fir o Thoraigh. 

In the fight of Yellow-Ford 
By him shall be slain the Danair (barbarians) ; 
After the cutting off of the foreigners, 
Shall rejoice the men from Tory.'n 

7. Marshal BagnalPs Address to his Soldiers. 

Bagnal delivered an address to his soldiers before setting out from Armagh. 
I give the substance of it from O'Sullevan ' Soldiers ! I have selected you for 
this enterprise, leaving the raw recruits to the my Lord of Ormond. We shall 

" Annala, p. 2068, note. 

2 R 



314 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

this day avenge the disasters of General Norris and Lord Borough ; the naked 
rebels will run away the moment they will see our armed and veteran warriors, 
and we shall secure all Ulster and a vast amount of spoils. Remember the 
valour you displayed, under my leadership, in relieving Armagh and driving 
O'Neill from his camp at Mullach-Ban. Whoever shall bring me this evening 
the head of O'Neill or O'Donnell shall receive one thousand pounds, and you 
all according to your services shall receive thanks and rewards from your General 
and your Queen. Let us march on to victory.' 

8. The March from Armagh. 

On Mondaie the I4th of August, the Armie marched from Ardmagh, leving 
there all the victualls and some munition 13 , the drink, women, and young persons, 
horses, baggage, servants, and rabble q . They started before sunrise'. It was 
concluded by the Counsell the day before, that the syxe regiments shoulde 
marche in single bodies, till such time as they sawe each other engaged, and 
then joyne in three bodies for cache others' releife if they found the grounde 
answerable 5 , and turn out their wings, should they see cause'. Captains Lee 
and Turner were commanded with a partie of men to lead the forelorne hope". 
Colonel Percye having the Vanguard, theMarshal his second, should both join 
and make one vanguard. Colonel Cosbie having the vanguard of the battle, 
Sir Thomas Maria Wingfield his second, were appointed the like. Colonel 
Cunie, then Sergeant Mayor having the vanguard of the rear, Colonel Billings 
his second, were appointed the like. The Marshal, in respect that his regiment 
had the vanguard, would go there, notwithstanding that he was advised by 
Wingfield to come into the battle and leave the vanguard to him ; the like did 
Cunie, but neither could persuade him. The battle was commanded by Wing- 
field, the rear by Cunie. The horse were divided into three bodies ; the van- 
guard led by Sir Callisthines Brooke, General of the horse ; the point by Capt. 
Montague, Lieutenant General ; the rear by Capt Fleming, marching betwixt the 
two rear regiments'. They marched severally, sum six or 700 paces between 
each regiment", so far asonder as one of them could not second nor help 
thother* ; for when the vanguard was charged they were within sight of our battel, 
and yet not rescued till they were overthrovvn y . Suer the devill bewiched them 
that none of them did prevent this gross error, whereof Ormond had warned the 
Marshal to take especiall care*. 

O'Sullevan, p. 192. P Montague. ^Anna/a. * O' Sullevan. s Colonel Byllinges. 
'Order given lo the Armye as well for their marching as in fighting. Car Col. " Colonel 
Byllinges. v Car. Cal. w Montague. * Ormond. ^Taaffe. 'Ormond. 



APPENDIX. 315 

9. Th'. ' Skirmished 

The day was bright and serene, the sun was glancing on the corselets and 
spears of the glittering cavalry, their banners waved proudly, and their bugles 
rang clear in the morning air, when suddenly, about seven o'clock, from the 
thickets on both sides of their path a volley of musketry swept through their 
foremost ranks*. The waye being harde and hillie ground within calliver shotte 
of wood and bogge on both sides, which was whollie possessed by [500 beard- 
less kerne a of] thennemy continuelly playing upon us, the army was fought 
withal within half a mile of Armagh b , in the pace and thick woods beyond it on 
the eastside c , and on the right hand side of the common highway in wich my 
Lo. Borough passed to the Blackwater d ; and the skirmishe was maintained on 
all sides up to the trenches, being two miles from Ardmargh". Bagnall, on ac- 
count of the thickets, was unable to return the fire of these skirmishers or to 
charge them with cavalry ; and he, with difficulty, brought his troops through 
into a large plain, that stretched up to the Irish entrenchments. Here his 
horsemen pursued the sharpshooters ; but were rolled over by the holes, which 
O'Neill had got made, and concealed with brambles and grass, while those who 
came to their assistance had to contend with the Irish light troops. Having got to 
safer ground, he sent out skirmishers and heavy shot, who were encountered by 
fresh troops of his enemy. His heavy cavalry armed with breastplates, and bear- 
ing lances six cubits long, which rested on their right thigh, were again and again 
charged by the Irish light horse, who threw at them darts three cubits long, and 
carried lances more than six cubits in length, which they used only when sure of 
their blow, and, when using, held poised by the middle over their right shoulders. 
Bagnal's progress was often arrested by these light troops ; yet at eleven o'clock 
he reached a spot not far from the Irish camp, where his way was flanked by bogs 
and stopped by a ditch four feet high f . 


10.- The Vanguard attacks the Trench. 

After a myles marching thus (' played on ' by the Irish) we approached 
thennemystrentch,* being a ditche caste infronte of our passage, a myle longe, som 
five footte deepe, and four footte over with a thorney hedge on the toppe ; in the 
middell of a bog som forty paces over our vanguard passed the trentch h , having 
crossed over the ford at the first bog, where the saker was left without stay, and 

* O'Sullevan. b Car. Cat. p. 2go, and Kingsmill. c Moryson. A Taaffe. e The 
two Kingsmills. ' O'Sullevan. s Now a drain crossing Anaha, at the foot of a hill on 
which there is a ' sconce." See p. 316, and note n. h Montague. 



316 STATE OK IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

so forward 1 . The forelorne hope, led by Captains Lee and Turner ' the great,' 
and the vanguard possesst the tranche, and passed forward to a skons made 
upon the top of the hill beyond the same ; where they remayned a pretty while, 
and skirmish being hotlie entertained upon our reare, thennemy on horse and 
foote chardg our companies and bett them back to the trench again, where they 
were for the most parte all slaine, and their severall collors taken by thennemye 1 . 
The vanguard was so distressed as they fell to runne, and were all in effect putt 
to the sworde without resistance 11 . To this question, what was the reason the 
vanguard was not seconded, beeing possessed of the trenches ? Capt. George 
Kinsmell, who was in the poyitte saieth, that the Marshal's regiment, who was to 
second the poynte (Percy's regiment), was in distance so far of, and hotly fought 
withal, that they cold by no means com up to second them, whereby the whole 
regiment was defeated, and all the captains slayne, Colonel Piercy and Capt. 
George Kingsmell only excepted, who by a stand made by the horsse recovered 
their second. What did the broken regiment, when you came to the second ? 
Capt. George Kingsmell saieth, they joined with the marshal's regiment their 
seconds, and put themselves in order, and charged agayne to the trenches, which 
they won the second time and, for want of seconding by the Battayle, was 
defeated as the first. This onset of the Irish is thus described by O'Clery and 
the four masters. The English advanced vigorously until they sailled across 
the first broad, deep trench, and some of them were killed in crossing it. The 
Irish army then poured upon them vehemently and boldly, furiously and im- 
petuously, shouting in the rear and in the van, and on either side of them. 
The van was obliged to avoid the onset, bide the brunt of the conflict, and 
withstand the firing, so that their close lines were thinned, their gentlemen 
gapped, and their heroes subdued. As the English shots reached farther than 
the Irish, the. Irish adopted this plan; they scattered themselves around the 
English on all sides, closed in on them, and fought at close quarters with the 
Barbarians, drove in their shot and skirmishers from the (lanks to the centre, and 
forced the battalions in armour to move to the flanks, and thus by their fire, and 
by the firm and compact order in which they were arrayed by their leaders, they 
retarded the English advance, and finally rolled back their vanguard when it 
reached the broad deep ditches in the plain of Belanahabuy". 

1 Car. Cal. The saker was a large cannon. 

" The cannon, blunderbuss, and saker, 

He was lh' inventor of, and maker." Hudibras. 

J Lieut. -Taaffe. k Montagu. 'Declaration of Captains Ferdinando Kingsmyl and 

George Kingsmill. "Anna/a. " 0' deary's Life of O'Donnell, M.S. R. I. Academy. 

The Ordnance Survey officers have mistaken the site of this battlefield. 



APPENDIX. 317 

n. The Fighting of the Battayle, or 2nd Brigade. 

What was the reason the Battayle came not up ? They say that the saker 
being bogged, staied the Battayle so longe and thennemies gathered soe about 
them in such multitudes as they cold not boothe second the vangard and save 
the ordinance. Yet Cosbie, having the vauntgard of the Battayle, passed the 
bog and left the saker . Wingfield coming thither made there a stand as well to 
carry off the saker [which stuck fast in a forde"], as to attend the coming up of 
the rear regiments, whom he doubted to be greatly engaged, for that he heard 
them in great fights, and had no sight of them a long time before, by reason of a 
hill betwixt them. Of this he went to acquaint the Marshal, thinking to find 
the vanguard but a little before him, which could not then be seen by reason of 
the hill, purposing to have it to make good that place, and that himself would go 
with the battle to fetch off the rear ; but it was so far off as the Marshal sent to 
them to make good their retreat to that hill where he stood, and returned with 
Wingfield to the saker, which he then brought off by force-of men, and went 
again with the Marshal, thinking that the vanguard had been come up, which 
was still advancing forward, and in all this time there was no sight of the rear'. 
The Marshal coming from the rear of the armye,* when the van was beaten 
back, charged down with the battle,** and our horses which tvere in the 
vantguard ; and in going down [having raised his visor***] he was slayne with a 
shott through his forrhead ; after whose death, we that were on horseback found 
no goinge where the rebells stood, by reason of a mayne bogge r Tyrone, pricked 
forward with rage and envy of settled rancour against the Marshal, assayled the 
English first line, and turning his full force against the Marshal's person, had the 
success to kill him, valiantly fighting among the thickest of the rebels. 8 And as 
an army deprived of its leader does not generally maintain the battlefield, the 
General's people were finally routed by dint of conflict and fighting across 
the earthen pits and broad, deep trenches, over which they had previously 
passed they were slaughtered, mangled, mutilated, and cut to pieces. 1 

At which time the Marshal was slain, the vanguard, either having received a 
message to make a retreat, or overlaid with the multitude of the enemy, wheeled 
about disorderly, which advantage the enemy took and brake them. Captain 
Evans was shot. Much of our powther took fire, wherewith many of our men 
were slain or hurt, and the rear of the battle disranked and routed" ; these two or 
three barrels or fyrckens of powther spoiled many men and disordered others, 

"The Kingsmills. P Montague. q Car. Cal., p. 280. Wingfield' s account probably. 

* rccte from the Battayl, E. H. ** Qu. the poynte or his own regiment? *** O'Sullevan. 

' Taaffe. s Moryson, ' Annala. u Car. Cal. and Montague. 



31 8. STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

and withall our great peece did us much hurte, staying our marche at every 1 2 
score ende". After this explosion, the ground was enveloped in a dense, black, 
gloomy mass of smoke for a considerable part of the day". The Rere of the 
Battayle mayntained fight for the saker, which cold not be recovered by reason 
yt was bogged, and the oxen killed that drew it 1 , and the wheele broken y ; upon 
which accident and the former defeatment the Sergeant Major and Montague 
came to Wingfield, chief commander, the Marshal being dedd, and they deter- 
mined to retreat to Armagh ; Cosby however, without orders, made an attack on 
the enemy, and he was fetched off broken like the rest 1 . He advanced with his 
Regiment for the saffegard of those that were broken, with whom he joining, and 
the Rere of the Battayle remaining with the saker, for want of seconding his 
regiment was lost with the rest of the vauntguard, and Cosby himself taken 
prisoner". 

Cosby's charge is perhaps that referred to thus by Taaffe, Montague and 
O'Sullivan in the following terms After the Marshal's death, we that were on 
horssback found no going where the rebells stood, by reason of a main bogg, 
and neverthelesse our battel of foote went thither, where they lost the most part 
of their shott, and four captains, and came by force of the enemy agayne b . 
Notwithstanding the general's death 2 other regiments passed over the trentch ; 
the Battayle coming upp, two barills of powther took fire amongst them by 
which they disranked, in the which whyle those 2 former regiments, being passed 
the trentch, were for the most part putt to the sworde ; then by the helpe of our 
horse, the enemies municion being well spente, we brought the rest into the 
plain and so recovered Armaghe d . At the time of Cosby's attack O'Neill seems 
to have been in some danger. He had to cope with the regiments of Percy, 
Bagnal, Cosby and Wingfield, and the horse of Brooke and Montague, while 
O'Donnell, M c Guire and M c Farley grappled with the foote of Cuiny and 
Billings, and Fleming's horse. He was on horseback beside his troops, with a 
guard of forty horse and forty shot. He ordered his shot to fire on the ap- 
proaching English, and, having thus created some confusion in their ranks, he 
charged with his forty troopers, while his pikemen advanced with a loud cheer, 
and drove the English back in disorder about one o'clock in the day. O'Donnell's 
opponents, seeing their comrades routed, broke and ran e . O'Donnell's oppo- 
nents were the rear guard, commanded by Cuiney and Billings, and sup 
ported by Fleming's cavalry. Here is an account of their fighting. 

v Ormond, Taaffe, and the Sillinges. w Annala, and O'Sullevan, * Billings. 

r Taafe. * Car. Cal. and Billings. * Billingrs. " Taajfc. 

c '. f. Bagnal's and Cosbys. d Montague. e 0' Sulltvan. 



APPENDIX. 319 

13. The Rear ' in Great Fight.' 

Wingfield, being come to his own regiment (from beside the Marshal), saw 
the rear coming up, for whom he made a stand at the boggy ford, and went to 
tell the Marshal of their coming, at which time he was slain f . The vann of the 
Reare, Cuyny, being Sarjint Major, had; and the rear of all had Byllinge's. 
So the other regiments marching, the Sarjint Major's regiment and the Reare 
marched in one bodye to the forde, and at the forde the Sarjent Major's 
regiment took the vann of the Reare, being his place. The rear noe sooner 
recovered the hill beyond the forde towards the Blackwater, but the enemy 
charged us with horse and foote to the nomber of 2000 foote and 400 
horse.* Having long entertained skyrmishe, and by reason of the great 
nomber of the enemy's shott and horse coming so near and faste upon us, we 
were forced four or fyve severall tymes to charge with our coullors in the heade 
of the fight, by reason our shott was so beaten and our new men bringing the 
rest into confusion*. Capt. ]?wdinando Kingsmell, who was in Cuyny's Regi- 
ment in the vantguard of the Rere, saieth that they were so hotely fought withal 
by the force of O'Donnell, Magwyre, and James M c Sorley theire horse and foote, 
that in an houre and a halfe they could not marche a quarter of a myle forward, 
by which means they never understood in the rere of the Killinge of the Mar- 
shal nor of the defeating of the former Regiments, until they came upp to fetch 
off the Battayle, with whom they joined" 1 . Being thus in fight, our Regiment 
could not gain a butt's length in three quarters of an hourr The which the 
horsemen of the Rere and the Sarjent Major's Regiment canne witnesse, who came 
to second us which the enemy seeing quitted us'. Here was likewise fired in 
the Rere 2 barrels of poulder to the great hurte and dismay of the Enemy, as 
appeared by their cry at the sight thereof 1 . When the enemy quytted us, 
both regiments made tow ds the Bogge, where being near upon the entrance of 
the Boogge the Sarjent Maior's Regiment drue of the right hand, and the 
Reare directly over the Boogge k . 

13. The Retreat. 

Being no soner come over but the Sargent Maior gave Byllinges dyrection 
to retreate, and make good the forde. And in our Retreate we garded the 
dead bodye of the Marshal, and Sir Calystynes Brookes being hurte, and most of 
the hurte men, besides the three peeces of ordynance, and the remainder of the 
munycion. So being come near the forde we saw the enemye, both horse and 

' Car. Cal. * An exaggeration, clearly. e The Captains of Kingsmill's Regiment. 

b Cap. F. Kingsmill. ' Captains of Billing's Regiment. j The Kingsmills. Billings. 



320 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

foote, with the collours flying, which were taken from the Vanguard of all, 
mynding to make good the Forde before us. Then we first having attayned 
the forde made it goode. Then Smythe, one of the corporalls of the feilde, 
came to Billinges, in the hearing of Cap"- Hawes, with direction to make good 
a hill betwixt Armagh and the forde tyll such tyme as the rest came upp. The 
which was performed ; and in our retreate tow" 15 the hill, the enemy's horse 
coming to cutt betwixt us and Armagh, we shott off the biggest of the three 
peeces of ordynance, which made thenemy to stande. So leving these our 
knowledgments for that dayes' service under our handes, to which we will be 
sworne, and pawne our lyves ; commending the same to yo r Lordship's judg- 
ments to sensure according to our desartes '. This statement of Byllings, Hawes 
and Feteplace can scarcely be reconciled with that of Montague, Lieutenant 
General of the horse, that the " Rere stood, which, being hard sett to, retired 
foully to Armagh" 1 ." The new men sent over for supplies, never offered to fight, 
but, as their' leaders say, ranne away most cowfcrdlie, castinge from them their 
armour and weapon as soon as they were charged ; few or none of them brought 
backe their armes". By the reporte of all the officers, there ran away to the 
Irish no less than 300 of the meere Irish, being Ulster and Connaught men, 
and two Englishmen of the new supplies, who the next morning called to their 
fellows, and told them the Erie would give them ao s a peece for ymprest, if 
they would serve him; and for all the rest of the new supplies we think the 
better half of them is lost, for many of them were slayne without making 
any resistance . Those soldiers that survived shamefully laid all the blame, 
not on their own cowardice, but, as was usual in such cases, on the unskil- 
fulness of their officers p . However M r Moylmoora Reylie in presens of many 
tryed his loyalty and valure; and so, God save me, did the rest of the 
captains, as much as might be donn in so ill grounde, being wood and bogge 
on either side of the marche unto the trenche". This O'Reilly, surnamed 
"The Handsome," by word and example strove to rally the fugitives, and 
gathered some soldiers around him, chiefly men of his own blood ; but they, 
being unsupported, were soon cut down, and O'Reilly, left alone, fell, fighting to 
the last'. In one. spot specially the carnage was terrible, and the country 
people yet point out the lane where that hideous rout passed by, and call it to 
this day The Bloody Loaning. 

The Colonel and Captains of Bylling's Regiment; i.e., Byllings, Hawes, and Feteplace. 

m Montague. " Ormond. The Kingsmills. p Camden. 

q Taaffe. ' ffSullei-an. s MitcAel, 



APPENDIX. 



321 



14. Killed and Wounded. 

The Irish obtained a great victory ; I term it great, says Moryson, since the 
English, from their first arrival in that kingdom, never had received such an 
overthrou as this, commonly called the Defeat of Black-water; thirteen valiant 
Captaines, and 1500 common souldiers, (whereof many were of the old com- 
panies, which had served in Brittany under General Norreys) were slaine in the 
field'. As the estimates of the English losses vary, I submit a tabular view of 
them. 

ENGLISH LOSSES. (Compiled from the State Papers, etc.') 



Captains slain 
20 or 23. 


Lieutenants slain 
9- 


Ensigne Colours 
Lost 12. 


Voluntarie Gen- 
tlemen slayne 4. 


Captains slain. 


Marshal Bagnai 


Bagnal's 


Bagnal's 


M. Brooke 


24 O'Sullivan 


Banke 






Constable 


23 O'Duigenan 


Bethel" 






Harrington 


21 Lombard 


Bourke" 




Sir G. Bourchier's 


Poule 


19 Annala 


Brooks 


Lord Delvin's 






1 6 English 


Elsden 




Elsden's 




Writers 


Evans 




Evans' 


Soldiers slain. 


Fortescu " 




Eustace's 


2700 Lombard 


Foskew v 




Foskew's 


2500 O'Sullivan and Annala 


Harvey 






2000 Montague, and "111 


Hawes" 






News, "and The King- 


Henserve* 






Mills 




Henshawe" 






not less than 1800 Montague 


Hushie 


F. Kingsmill's 




1 700 O'Duigenan 


Langhton 


Sir H. Norrey's 


Langhton's 


1500 Morvson & 


Leigh 


Leigh's 


Leigh's 




Camden 


Morgan 


Lieu' Massey 


Morgan's 


over TOOO Taafe 


O'Reilly 


Col. Percy's 


Colonel Percy's 


855 slayne (363 Hurte)-S. Paper 


Pettitt 


Parker's 


Pettitt's 


Other 


Losses. 


Radcliffe 






1200 gold crowns Lombard 


Romney 






All the baggage, all the drums, 


Streete 


Street's 




34 colours, the Cannon, a 


Turnor 




Tumor's 


quantity of arms O'Sullivan 



The first account of the battle runs thus : 

' 1598, Aus 14. The 111 Newse out of Ireland : the i2th of August they cam 
from the Newry to Armaghe ; the I4th of August theye sete fonvardes towardes 
the Blackewater with 4000 footemen and 350 horses. Capt Percy and Cap. Cosbey 
led the firste regiment of foote being 2000 ; Cap. Percy was hurte, Cosbey 



' Moryson and Camden. 
same name. 



u Prisoners, says Taaffe. 
Anthony Hawes escaped. 



v Perhaps different spelling of the 
Perhaps the same person. 
2 S 



322 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

slaine, and almoste all the regimente slayne. Sir H. Bagnall ledd the second 
regiment being of 1000, he was shott in the hedd, slayne, and most of the regi- 
mente. Sir Calistianes Brooke led the horses, being 350, was shott into the 
belly, and thought to be slayne. About 2000 footemen slayne, and Cap. Cosbey, 
Cap. Evans, Cap. Morgan, Cap. Turner, Cap. Leighe, Cap. Streete, Cap 
Elsden, Cap. Banke, Cap. Petty, Cap. Henserve, Cap. Bethel, Cap. Fortescue, 
Cap. Harvey, Cap. Molmarey Orrely, Cap. Bourke. W m Bule Commesarey a 
voluntarey slayne, James Harrington soone to Sir H. Harrington, Maximilean 
Brooke taken or slayne, Mr Connstable a Vollintarey gentleman slayne y ." 

Lieutenant Taafe, who with Montague and the cavalry escaped from Armagh, 
writes, two days after the battle 

'We lost 1 8 captains, and seeing there are soe many lost I thought fitt to 
pray you to be a mean to my L. Lieutenant that I may have one of their 
chardges, asshuring myself that very few will be sutors for the lyke. The 
greatest in nombers of their soldiers that escaped is not 1 2 men to any one 
company. 1 

The victory cost the Ulstermen less than 200 men killed and more than 600 
wounded"; according to the English account the Irish lost I2o b or 300 or 700 d 
men, and among them 2 sons of Art M c Baron, 2 sons of O'Cahan, 2 leaders, 
Maguire's son, the son of M c Kennagh of the Trough, and the son of Donell 
M c Sorley's son." 

15. The Siege of Armagh. 

By the help of our horse, thenemies municion being well spente, we brought 
off the armye into the plaine and soe recovered Armaghe, where the capteins 
resolved to refreshe their men with victualls and municion, and soe to marche 
dyrectlie to the Newrie. In the meane tyme thenemies approached and fell 
round on all all sides of us with their whole force. The capteins seeing 
thinsufficiencie both in mind and means of ther men, and finding themselves noe 
way able to returne, resolved that I [Cap. Montague] wold adventure with all 
the horse in the night to break through them, and soe if I cold to passe to the 
Newrie, then they had shuch a preportion of vittualls as wold kepe them viii 
dayes. In which tyme they hope yo r Lo (i.e. Ormond) will make some speedy 
expedition to fetch them off, or ells O'Donnell and M c Guoire being also in want 
of victualls wold returne hoame, and then they would see, if they could pass 
away in one night to the Newrie ; or ells thenemie seeinge the horse gone might 
be persuaded that they having a monethe or 2 victualls, which indeed was there 

J KM. J. of Arch. ' Tnaffe. a O'Sttllrvan. b Whitechurch. 

c Taaffe. d Montague. ' WhiUchurch and Taafft. 



APPENDIX. 323 

but dispossed upon their first resolution, soe as they made account they 
had not now left meatt for above ten daies at the uttermoste, that thenemy 
cold not kepe together, hearinge by a prisoner that was taken that O'Donnell and 
MGwier was then reddy to departe, I thought my lyfe well adventured to save 
so many, attempted it, and cam away with sum vii score horse with som very 
little loss, though they continually followed me, and at my passing out of the 
campe gave me a great volley of shott. They have veray small store of muni- 
cion, and ther Irish run continually to the rebells. I much feare they will 
betray them ; for I was no sooner gone, but I might here them in very hot 
skirmishe in the quarters, There remains of ours about 2500 in the church of 
Armaghe f . 

Montague did not escape so easily, it appears, for O'Sullivan says, that 
Tirlogh O'Hanlon with part of O'Neill's horse pursued him, killed three of his 
officers, and captured 200 horses; he adds that Captain Romley was slain the 
next day while smoking a pipe by the road side. e The besieged and besiegers 
continued to fire at each other for three days and three nights, and then the 
English ceased, and sent messengers to say that they would surrender the fort [at 
the Blackwater], if the warders were suffered to come to them, without wounding 
or danger, to Armagh ; and that on their arrival they would leave Armagh itself, 
if they were granted quarter and protection and escorted in safety into a secure 
territory. The Irish held a council, and some of them said the English should 
not be permitted to come out of their straitened position until they should all be 
killed or starved together h . The LL. Justices on the i6th Aug., wrote to 
O'Neill in ' favour of those distressed companies who remayne in the church there 
away ting for soch comfort as men in so great calamity may expect.' They say 
' We thought good upon this occasion to send to you in their behalfe, thoughe 
wee think that in your owne consideration you will let them departe without 
doing them any further hurte. We are to putt you in minde how fair you may 
incense her Ma tics indignation towarde you, if you shall do any further distresse 
to those companies, beinge as you know in cold bludd . . . Besides your 
anncient adversarye, the Marshall, being now taken away, we hope you will 
cease all further revenge towards the rest. ..." 

These Justices, who heard the news only at 9 o'clock on the i6th, wrote to 
the Privy Council ' that the Irish know as well as ourselves that we are not hable 
without presente succor out of England, to fetch off these companies cooped up 
in the church of Armagh.' 

Therle offered composition uppon these condicions First, that we shold quit 

* Mmtagufs Rtportt, and his Letter to Ormonde, * O Sullevan. 

h Su. Annala, translated by O'Donova 



324 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

the Blackwater, leving there the collors, drumms and municion, the Cap 1 " having 
left them onely their Rapiers and hacknies ; and, that beeing delivered, the whole 
army with those men of the Blackwater shold marche away from Armagh with 
all their carriage and hurte men to the Newrie or Dondalk, for performance 
whereof pledges were putt in on both sides. For the Army the 2 cap" s Ferdinand 
and George Kingsmell, and on Tirone's parte two of the Hagans the men of 
most estimacion in this country, which of each part was accordingly performed. 
Being pledges for the performance of the conditions Thearle gave [us] for the 
reason that he offered the composition, that he was at 500 charge by the daye 
in keping his forces together to attend our Army ; and that he supposed we had 
a moneth or six weeks victuall, in which tyme he knew, as Jie said, that forces 
would lande in Loghfoyle, and therefore he thought it better to save that charge, 
to gayne the forte of the Blackwater, and to bend himself to hinder the landing 
of our forces in Loghfoyle, then by lyinge by us, with soe great charge to hazard 
so many inconveniences as he feared he might otherwise fall into Ferdinando 
Kingsmill, George Kingsmill.' The Annala tells us that one of the conditions 
was, ' that the English should not carry out of the fort meat or drink, armour, 
arms or ordnance, powder or lead, or anything except only the captain's trunk 
and arms, which he was at liberty to take with him. They consented on both 
sides to abide by those conditions ; and they sent some of their gentlemen of 
both sides to the fort [of Blackwater] to converse with the warders. 11 The yielding 
of the fort followed, when the assaulted guard saw no Hope of Relief, but espe- 
cially upon messages sent to Captain Williams from our broken forces retired to 
Armagh, professing that all their safety depended upon his yielding the fort into 
the hands of Tyrone, without which danger Williams professed that no Want or 
Misery should have induced him thereto, 1 so he and his men had to depart in 
doublet and hose only. 

On the 23rd of Aug. the LL. Justices report that the Kingsmeales, being both 
actors in the same, retunied this day, assuring us that all the companies were 
safely returned to the Newry with bagg and baggage and their collors displayed. 
At the departing of the companies from Armagh it was agreed that they shold 
march directly to Dondalk ; but they, for som respects knowen to themselves, 
breaking that agreement took their way immediately to the Newry, from whence 
it will be veray hazardous to come by Dondalk by land, having to pass by the 
Moyerye straite, which we heare Tirone hath manned to impeach their passage, 
taking occasion, as it seemethe, in that they went to the Newry and not to Don- 
dalk according to agreement. We are now in consideracion how to fetch them 

1 The Kingsmills. * Anna/a. \Moryson, m Chamberlain to C&r\zton. Domestic S. Papers. 



APPENDIX. 325 

by sea from Carlingford, which though it may be thought not fully honourable, 
for that heretofore yt hath not bein usuall ; yet for that the companies are pes- 
tered with sundry hurte men ; and that they have much baggage, which other- 
wise they cannot carry being utterly destitute of garrans and all portage over- 
land, we dowte that this necessity will dryve us to fetch them off by sea." 
After the departure of the English from Tyrone, O'Neill gave orders to rec- 
kon and bury the gentlemen and common people slain, and they were found 
to be 2500 slain, among whom was the General, with 18 Captains, and a 
great number of gentlemen whose names are not given. 

On the 23rd of Aug. Ormond says : We have heard that the companies are 
come saffely to Dondalk over the Moyery without any impediment of thenemies 
and I, the L. Lieftenant General, am now preparing to draw to the borders for 
disposing of them p . He about the same time announced that the Castle of 
Alderfleete ' standing upon the north seas towards Scotland,' had been taken, 
and that he could not procure the liberation of Capt" Constable from 
M'Sorley Q . This M'Sorley was a Barbarian of handsome figure and dignified 
bearing. On Friday, the 4th of Nov. 1597, he was asked to a parley by Sir J. 
Chichester, Governor of Carrigfergus, and was- treacherously attacked by him and 
his officers ; but he killed 280, and wounded 30 or 40 of the English, slew 
Chichester and his lieutenant and both his Serjeants, Capt" Mansell and his lieu- 
tenant and both his Serjeants, Lieutenant Price with his Serjeants and drum. 
Capt ns Merriman, Hill and Warte were wounded and Capt" 5 Constable and Banks 
were made prisoners ; the heads of Chichester and Mansell were sent to O'Neill, 
and their bodies to Capt. Egerton for burial p. 



1 6. The War in Leinster. 

After (Clifford) the Governor of Connaught and O'Rourke had parted from 
each other in peace, in May, at the town of Athlone, and when O'Rourke saw 
that the English were not at this time more powerful than the Irish, he was afraid 
that O'Donnell would plunder his territory ; and therefore he came at the first 
summons of O'Donnell, and did whatever was requested of him. This he did by 
the advice of his people. Having confirmed his friendship with O'Donnell, he 
proceeded with his forces, at the instance of O'Ferrall Ban, (i. e. Ross, son of 
William, son of Donell) into Meath ; and they plundered Mullingar, and the 

* Lords Justices and Ormond. Annala. p Kilk. Jour, of Arch. 

q Ulster fourn. of Arch., No. 19. ' Salcarres Papers. 



326 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

country from Mullingar to Bally more-Lough-Sewdy*. About the 7th of June 
O'Neill sent aid to Phelim Mac Feogh, chief of the O'Brians, to the end they 
might make war in Leinster b . Six hundred soldiers arrived from England. On 
reaching Dungarvan they marched to join Lord Ormond, and, as they passed 
along the borders of Leinster, they were fought with by a party of the Irish of 
that district, and lost 410 of their number . Owney O'More went to Ulster to 
obtain help from O'Neill. In his absence Brian O'More had several successful 
combats with the English and their allies, the Anglo-Irish of Wexford, and took 
from them 7 colours and 14 drums. d 

To check Brian O'More a hosting was made by Ormond in the month of June 
to proceed into Leix. His forces amounted to 24 companies of foot and 200 
horse% [or 3000' men altogether or perhaps only 2000 foot and some horse 8 ]. 
In the evening he encamped on a hill on the borders of the territory. He was 
informed that night that there were only a few to guard that territory ; and in the 
morning following he ordered his brother's son, (i. e. James, son of Edward, son 
of James Butler) to go, with 6 or 7 companies [or perhaps 1000 Irish and Eng- 
lish foot h ] through the passes into the nearest head of the territory, to see whe- 
ther he could perform any exploit. Although James was loth to go on that 
expedition, early on Sunday morning ' he set out at the command of the Earl. 
He found his path cut, deeply furrowed and barred by Brian Reagh O'More, who 
had come with 150 [or 300 foot-*] soldiers to defend it on the same day. Fierce 
and terriffic was the salute, which Brian and his forces gave James and his 
soldiers' 1 . As he was attacked in two columns, he was forced to leave his vantage- 
ground, and with darts and shot he attacked, in open ground, the column in 
which Butler was. He was shot himself; but his wound only made him fight 
more fiercely.* The Anglo-Irish were attacked in front and in the rear, hemmed 
in and surrounded, speared and shot ; in a short time bodies were left mangled 
and pierced along the pass. A lamentable death occurred here James, the son 
of Edward, son of Pierce, son of James 1 , son of Pierce a man of whom greater 
expectations had been formed than of any other of his age of the Butlers living 
at that time [and who was a Catholic, was killed by two guhshot wounds**]. And 
such of his men, as had not been cut off, returned as broken-shielded fugitives to 
the Earl. m The second column, coming to the support of the first, was broken 

a Annala, p. 2055. b Moryson. c Annala. d Q'Sullevan. Perhaps the combat 

mentioned by the Annala was one of these. " Annala. f Lombard. g 0'Sullevan. 

h O'Sullevan. ' n* 1 8 th or 25* of June. > O 'Sullivan. " Annala. * O'Sullrvan. 

Annala. " Pierce," in O'Donovan's Version, is a mistake. ** O'Sullfvan. 

_ Annala. 



APPENDIX. 327 

also." Brian pursued the fugitives, slew many of them, and would have slain 
more, if Ormond had not come up to fetch them off. Lombard says that the 
O'Mores slew 1500 of their enemies." Brian Reagh died of his wound within 
four days, and his death would perhaps have been a crushing blow to Leinster 
were it not for the opportune arrival of Owny O'More, immediately after the 

battle. q 

17. Owny O'More and Tyrrell come to Leinster. 

On that very day, after the fight, Owny, the son of Rory Oge O'More ; 
Redmond Burke, son of John of the Shamrocks ; Dermond O'Connor, and Cap- 
tain Tyrrell came and pitched their camp opposite the Earl's camp ; but he, 
before noon of the next day, Monday, returned to Kilkenny, and sent his sol- 
diers to their garrisons/ Owney had brought 1500 veterans 5 from O'Neill, and 
three stout captains, Tyrrell, Burke and O'Connor. Redmond Burke was Baron 
of Leitrim, son of Shan of the Shamrocks, son of Richard Saxonach, son of 
Ulick of the Heads. With a party of his young kinsmen, all of the first dis- 
tinction, he went to O'Neill to complain of the answer he received from his 
father's brother, the Earl of Clanrickard : ' that if Redmond would be satisfied 
with one mantle's breadth of his inheritance, he would not give him so much, as 
a reward for war or peace.' O'Neill promised to assist him and gave him com- 
mand of some hundreds of soldiers, with permission to plunder and devastate 
any part of Ireland, which had any connexion or alliance with the English. 
When he and his kinsmen left O'Neill, they went into the confederation of the 
Irish of Leinster and remained with them during the summer.' 

As, on the 2 d of August, the state of Leinster was endangered in ev ry parte by 
the rebells of the province, aided by forces from Tyrone, who had sent forces to 
several parts to assist the traitors there, and sturr up rebellion in Mounster, it 
was concluded, says Ormond, that [the Marshall should draw to the North and] 
I, the Lord Lieuten-Gen 1 with another parte of the armye should prosecute the 
traitors of Leinster ; in whiche prosecution seven of the chefe traitors were, with 
divers of there followers, putt to the sworde ; others also entering into rebellion 
in Mounster were stayed by me." 

1 8. Ormond relieves Maryborough. 

A great hosting was made by Ormond to place provisions in Portleix 
(Maryborough). His army was met by Owny, son of Rory Oge, son of Rory 
Caoch O'More ; by Redmond Burke and by Captain Richard Tyrrell, son of 
Thomas Oge Tyrrell. Ormond lost more than the value of the provisions in 



O'SuIlevan. Ijnnbard, p. 167. p 0' Sullevan. q Anttala. r Lombard ttd. Cox. ' Aoi'.ala. 
u Ormond, Aug. 2 d and l8 th . 



328 STATE OF IRELAND 1598. 

men, horses and arms ; he was wounded and escaped with great difficulty." 
O'Sullevan describes an attempt made by Ormond to provision Port Leix, as it 
may be the one recorded by the Antiala, I translate it here. 'As Owny O'More 
besieged Portleix, Ormond went, with over 4000 horse and foot, to relieve and 
re- victual it; he was attacked at the Black Ford by Owney at the head of 1400 
men, and lost 600 soldiers, whose bodies he burned, lest his loss should be 
known the English being accustomed to hide their own dead and to expose in 
public places the bodies of their foes. There were 60 Catholics killed and 80 
wounded. Ormond, however, by sheer numbers passed on and provisioned the 
fort.* 

19. Successes of the Insurgents. 

The LL. Justices report, on the ijth of Aug., that, in spite of Ormond's 
authority, the Leinster rebells are exceedingly increased, and daily burning, 
preying and spoiling the contrye, having already possessed themselves of all the 
Queenes County, called Leix, some 3 or 4 castles at the most excepted, which 
cannot long hold out. There they possess the lands so dearly bought by her 
Majesty and her predecessors, and doe even in a peaceable manner enjoye the 
goodes and cutt downe and gather the comes of thauncient English gent" of that 
country. The lyke sturr have they already begon in Offaley, and the lyke ende, 
in all lykelihood will they make there . . they do what they list without con. 
trolm'. A great parte of the County of Kildare they have already spoyled and 
burned, and daylie advertisem' 5 we have of there entraunce into the County of 
Dublin, and of there purpose, even this day, as we understand, to make heade 
even towardes this citie ; to which God knoweth they may make an easie 
approach ; yett have wee sett out this present morning the nomber of six or seaven 
hundred of cittizens and others to ympeache their approache. This and worse 
than we have said is the state of Leinster. * Ormond was ready to make a roade 
against one of these insurgents, Donill Spanaghe, [or Donal called the 
Spaniard] when he heard of the M'shal's ill successe. y Donal had ravaged with 
fire and sword a great part of Meath, because the people of that region would not 
fight for the Faith.' 

20. The Queen sends re-inforcements. 

On the 12 th of Sep. Elizabeth writes 'We make choice of Sir Richard 
Bingham, whom we have appointed to be Marshal of that realm, to repair 
thither. Hear him lovingly in all things concerning our service, wherein we 
know that you, our cousin of Ormond, our Lieutenant, will find great ease in 

Annala. w O'Sullevan. * LL. Justices, Aug. 17. * Ormond to the Queen, Aug. 18. 

* 0'Sull(v.;n. 



APPENDIX. 329 

every way, it being neither fitt nor possible, that you shold spend your bodye 
in all services at all tymes. . . It doth not a little trouble us to find such hard 
effects of all things from thence, considering the notable supplies of men, trea- 
sure and victuals more plentifully sent than ever heretofore. 1 For other thinges 
past we have well observed, that all y r Jyorneyes and attemptes upon the Northe 
have had these successes, that not only our armyes have come backe with losse 
and doinge nothing, but in their absence other parts of our Kingedome have 
been left to be spoyled and wasted ; and though the unyversalytie of the Rebel- 
lion may be used as a reason for the mischiefe, yet it is almost a miracle that, 
with the charges of an armye of eight or nine thousand men the provincial rebells 
of Leinster and Wexforde and other places should not be mastered. 1 

Bingham, sent over as Marshal, with re-inforcements [including 50 horse b ], 
landed at Wexford, and on his march to Dublin was attacked by the O'Mores 
and O'Connors, and lost most of his men ; he lost the remainder and his own 
life, and a number of other soldiers in a fight with O'Donnell and O'Rorke in 
Connaught. This statement of Lombard, who, perhaps, confounds Sir C. Clifford 
with Bingham, is not borne out by any other writer ; on the other hand, 
Camden tells us, that Bingham died as soon as he reached Dublin.* 1 Sir Samuel 
Bagnal [about the end of August] came over with 2000 foot and 100 horse, to 
strengthen the Queen's Forces in the heart of the Kingdome ; the old companies 
numbering 1050, drawne out of the Low Countries, were commanded by Bagnal], 
Jephson, Bodley, Sidney, Foulke Conway, Pynner, Blaney, Tobey Caulfield, 
Heath and Owen Tewder ; the new men were under Roe, Egerton, Bingley and 
some new Captaines." This did not protect the heart of the Kingdom ; for we 
find that O'Rourke made a hosting in the first month of autumn (i.e. from Sep. 
23 to Oct. 23), and he did not halt until he arrived at Tyrrell's Pass, and the 
Pass of Kilbride in Fertullagh [in the south of Westmeath]. He seized a prey, 
and slew some persons at Tyrrell's Pass, and then returned home to his country 
without wound or danger/ 

21. O'Afore Marches towards Munster. 

In the first month of autumn, [towards the end of September], O'Neill sent 
letters to Leinster, requesting Burke, O'More and Tyrrell to intrust the guarding 
of Leinster to some of their allies ; and to proceed, themselves, to make con- 
quests, and to bring some of the adverse territories over to their cause, and 
particularly to go into Munster, at the invitation of Thomas Ruadli, son of 

' Car Cal. a The Queen to LL. Justices, Sep. 12, in Kilk.J. of Arch. 

b S. P. in M c Carthy Mor., p. 173. c Lombard. d Vet Elizabeth speaks of him as 

alive on the 1st Dec. Car. Cj'., p. 285. e Morysan. ! Annala. 

2 T 



33O STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

James, son of John, son of the Earl of Desmond. They were persuaded and 
encouraged to go by Sir Piers Lacy, a brave and eloquent gentleman of Mun- 
ster; g and O'More, leaving the care of Leix to his brother Edmund, led 800 foote 
and about 200 horse under Redmond Burke (Baron of Leitrim), and his brother 
William, Dermot O'Conchur and his two brothers (Cairbre and Con), and 
Captain Tyrrell.* When they marched into Ossory, the people came spon- 
taneously to join them, except Mac Gillapatrick (i.e. Finin, the son of Brian, son 
of Finin). They afterwards went to the northern extremity of Slieve Bloom, in 
order to induce the Irish of East Munster and Westmeath to join them, namely 
O'Molloy, and Connell, the son of Cahir O'Mulloy, M c Coghlan (John Oge, the 
son of John, son of Art, son of Cormae), and O'Carroll (Calvach, son of William 
Odhar, son of Ferganainm, son of Mulrony). Although these chieftains had for 
some time stood by their Sovereign, they were glad to obtain terms of peace from 
these strange warriors, who were traversing their country. After agreeing upon 
terms of peace with them the Leinster men turned their faces towards the two 
Ormonds in Munster. h 

22. The War in Afunster. 

The Irish perceiving that the English had sustained many disasters in the 
North, Connaught and Leinster, following the current of the present time, began 
to dismaske themselves ; and, being united in strict Combination, did verily 
persuade themselves, that it would be very feasible to make themselves masters 
of all Ireland, if the chiefe Lords of Mounster, with their friends and followers 
would join with them. They did account that Province to bee the Key of the 
Kingdome, both by reason of the cities and walled townes, (which are more than 
in all the Island besides), the fruitfulnesse of the Country, being reputed the 
garden of Ireland, and the commodious harbors lying open both to France and 
Spain. a Early in October the O'Mores burst into Upper and Lower Ormond, 
and from them they sought neither peace nor friendship, but proceeded to plun- 
der them at once, on account of their enmity towards the Earl of Ormond. They 
took five of the castles of Ormond, one of which, Druim-Aidhneach, on the 
margin of the Shannon, Burke kept to himself, for waging war on Clanrickard 
out of it. They remained for two or three weeks encamped in that country ; 
and the spoils of the region bordering on the Suir were brought to their camp ; 
and their Irish neighbours came to join in the same confederation with them. 
Among those who joined were, O'Dwyer of Kilnamanagh i.e Dermot, the son of 

" Anni-.la and O'SuUevan. * ffSnllenan. h Annala. a Pacata Hibernia, p. 2. 






APPENDIX. 331 

Owny, son of Philip ; the sons of Mac Brian O'gCuanach, namely, the sons of 
Murtough, son of Turlough, son of Murtough ; the Ryans about Conor-na- 
Mainge, the son of William Caech, son of Dermot O'Mulryan ; and the race of 
Brian Oge of Duharra. After these Irish (septs) had formed a confederacy with 
O'Neill's people, and after having induced (the people of) every territory into 
which they came to join them, they marched with the rising-out of these districts, 
at the instance of the sons of Thomas Roe, son of the Earl (of Desmond) into 
the country of the Geraldines. They first went to the county of Limerick. The 
President, Sir Thomas Norris, was at that time at Kilmallock, and when he per- 
ceived that he was not able to contend with the Irish, he went to Cork, to avoid 
them. They then proceeded westwards, across the River Maigue into Connello 
and to the borders of Sliabh-Luachra and Gleann-Corbraighe. James, the son 
of Thomas Roe (Fitzgerald), came to join them in Connello on this occasion ; 
and John, b the second son of Thomas Roe, was already along with them, upon 
these expeditions, for he had come to draw them into the country. At this time 
they offered and sold at their camp a stripper, or a cow in calf, for sixpence, a 
brood mare for threepence and the best hog for a penny ; and these bargains 
were offered aud proclaimed in every camp in which they were. c 

Chief Justice Saxey ' in lamentable wise advertiseth th r Hon re Los : (the 
Council) that about the 5* of October 3000 rebells came (into Mounster) by 
Arlough, and so into the com. of Limerick under the leading of John Fitz Thomas, 
second sonne of Sir Thorn 8 of Desmond, and of one Tirrell. Presentlie the said 
John was proclaimed Earle of Desmond, who, as is said, took it upon him, if his 
elder brother James would not ioyne with them, and assent to be proclaimed 
Earle himself. They spoyled most of the country townes and villages within 
that county. On Saturday morning, the 7 th , James Fitz Thomas came with 16 
horse and 20 foot ; and the purpose of the traitors was to create him Earl of 
Desmond at the hill of Ballioghly. d On the 8 th in the evening there came to 
Ballingarrie, out of Rannallaghe, Cahir M c Hugh, brother of the late Feagh 
M c Hugh, Thomas Butler, and others with 160 men, the rebells being then 
uniting betwixt Rathkeale and Ballingarrie.'' About which time the Vice-Pre- 
sident had assembled the forces of the Province, with full purpose to encounter 
with the traitors, finding the said forces to be in shewe able to equall the strength 
of the enemy ; but albeit divers of the noblemen and chiefe gentlemen of the 
provincewere then and there ready, as it seemed, to accompany the Governor 
in this conflict ; yet at the very instant the most parte of the followers of the 
noblemen and gent" went to the enemy. 5 Though O'More had sent him a letter 

b 'James' is a mistake of O'Donovan's translation. 
' Annala. d Saxey, in McCarthy Afar. e Weever to Cecil. * Saxey. 



332 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

to challenge him to fight/ Norreys withdrew upon necessarie occasion, 8 and his 
troops dispersed without so much as seeing the enemy 1 '; however, it seems he 
did not retire unmolested, as the Irish kerne had some skirmishing with his rear 
guard.' 

When Ormond heard of the progress of these warlike troops, he set out with 
all his cavalry and infantry for the County of Limerick, to meet them, and sent a 
message to Cork, requesting the President to come to meet him at Kilmallock.* 
He wrote also to the Earl of Desmond as follows From the Campe at Cowlin, 
Oct. 8. 1598, " James Fitz Thomas, Hit seemed to us most strange, when wee 
herd you were combined and j oined with theis Leinster Traytors lately repayred 
into Munster, considering how your father, Sir Thomas, always contenued a 
dutifull subject, and did manie good offices to further Her Mat's service ; from 
which course if you should digresse, and now ioyn with these unnatural traytors, 
we may think you very unwise, and that you bring upon yourself your own con- 
fusion, w ch is thende of all traytors, as by daylie experience you have scene. 
Wherefore we will that you do presentlie make your repair unto us, wheresoever 
you shall heare of our being, to lay down your greefes and complaints, if you 
have anie ; and, if you stand in any doubt of yourself, theis our letters shall be 
for you and such as shall accompany you in your coming and returning, your 
safetyes ; and further, on your drawing nere the place, where we shall be, we will 
send you safe conduct for you, Thomas Ormond and Ossery.' 

' Given at the Camp of Cowlin 8 Oct. 1598. 

' We need not put you in mind of the late overthrowe of th' Erie your uncle, 
who was plaged with his partakers by fire, sword and famine ; and be assured, if 
you proceed in any traiterous actions, you will have the like end. What her 
Mat's forces have done against the King of Spaine, and is liable to do against 
ani other enemie, the world hath sene, to her immortal fame ; by which you may 
judge what she is liable to do against you, or anie others, that shall become 
traytors.' 

Superscribed ' To James Fitz Geralde geve theis in hast." 

Desmond answered thus 

"James: Desmonde to Ormond 

R' Hon : I received your Lo s lettres, wherein your Lo. doth specify, that you 
think it verie straunge, that I should join in action with these gentlemen of 
Leinster. It is so that I have ever at all times behaved myself dutifully, and as 
a true subject to her Ma'tie as ever laie in me ; and as it is well known to your 
Lo. I have showed my willingness in service against my uncle and his adherents, 

f CfSullevan. B Moryson. h Camdin. ' O' Sul'evan.^ * Annala. 






APPENDIX. 333 

whereby I have been partlie a mean of his destruction. Before my uncle's 
decease, it may be remembered by your Lo, I have been in England from my 
Father, claiming title to his inheritance of the house of Desmonde, which is 
manifestlie known to be his righte ; whereupon her Ma'ty promised to do me 
justice upon the decease of my uncle, who then was in action, and have allowed 
me a mark sterling per diem towards my maintenance untill her Matt's further 
pleasure were known ; of which I never received but one year's paie ; and ever 
since my uncle's decease I could get no hearing concerning my inheritance of 
the Earldome of Desmonde, but have bestowed the same upon divers under- 
takers to disinherit me for ever. Having all this while stayed myself, in hope 
to be gratiouslie dealt withall by her Ma'tie, seeing no other remedie, and that 
I could get no indifferencie, I will follow, by all the means I can, to maintaine 
my right trusting in the Almighty to further the same. 

My verie good Lo : I have scene so many bad examples in seeking of diverse 
manie gentlemen bluddely false and sinister accusations cut off and executed to 
deathe, that the noblemen and chief gentlemen of this Province cannot think 
themselves assured of their lives, if they were contented to lose their lands and 
living. As for example, Redmond Fitz Geralde, upon the false accusation of a 
scurvey boy for safeguard of his life, was put to death, being a gentleman of 
good calling, being three score years of age, and innocent of the crime charged 
withall. Donagh M c Craghe also was executed upon the false information of a 
villainous Kerne, who within a sevennight was putt to death within yor Lop's 
Libertie of Clonmell, who took upon his salvacion, all that he said against the 
said Donagh was untrue, that he was suborned by others. Of late a poore cosen 
of ours, James Fitz Morrys of Mochollopa is so abominably dealt withall, upon 
the false accusation of an Englishman accusing him of murder, who never drew 
sworde in anger all the days of his life, and is manifestely knowen that he never 
gave cause to be suspected of the like. Piers Lacy who was an earnest servitor, 
and had the kiling of Rory M c Morrogho, and the apprehension of Morrogho 
Oge till he left him in the gaol of Limerick ; and after all his services was driven 
for the sauegarde of his leife to be a fugitive. To be brief with yo : Lo : English- 
men were not contented to have our lands andjiving, but unmercifullie to seeke 
our leives by false and sinister means under cullor of Lawe ; and. as for my 
parte, I will prevent it the best I maie. 

' Committing yo : Lo : to God, I am yor Lo.'s loving Cosen, 

' Ja : Desmonde. 

From the Camp at Carrigrone 12 Oct 1598.'^ 

1 Kilk.Jour. of Arch. Unpublished Geraldine Documents. 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

The day Desmond sent this letter from his camp, within four miles of Cork, 
Ormond wrote to the Queen ' At my coming to Minister I found that all the 
undertakers, three or four excepted, had most shamefully forsaken all their 
Castelles and dwelling plases before anie rebell came within sight of them and 
left their castells with their munitions, stuff and cattell to the traytors and no 
manner of resistance made.' k 

When the Irish army, who were encamped in the west of Connello, heard that 
Ormond and Norreys were to meet at Kilmallock, they marched eastwards 
towards Kilmallock and showed themselves to these lords ; the Earl and the 
President agreed to avoid meeting them and turned towards Magh-Ealla 
[Mallow]. The Irish pursued them to the gate of Magh-Ealla and proceeded 
to provoke them (to battle), saying, that they could never wreak their vengeance 
upon them better than now, when they were all (together) in one place. Not- 
withstanding this, it was determined that the President should repair to Cork 
and that the Earl should return to the territory of the Butlers. As the country 
was left in the power of the Irish on this occasion, they conferred the title of 
Earl of Desmond, by the authority of O'Neill, upon James, the son of Thomas 
Roe, son of James, son of John, son of the Earl ; and in the course of seventeen* 
days, they left not within the country of the Geraldines (extending) from Dun- 
queen to the Suir, which the Saxons had well cultivated and filled with habita- 
tions and various wealth, a single son* of a Saxon, whom they did not either kill 
or expel. Nor did they leave within this time, a single head residence, castle, or 
one sod of Geraldine territory which they did not put into the possession of the 
Earl of Desmond, excepting only Castlemaine in the co. of Kerry, Askeaton in 
Hy-Connell-Gaura, and Magh-Ealla (Mallow), in the co. of Cork. When these 
agents of O'Neill had, in a short time, accomplished this great labour, they 
took their leave of this Earl whom they themselves had appointed. O'More 
and such part of the forces who adhered to him, set out for Leix ; Burke 
and that part of the same hosting, over which he had command, proceeded 
to Ormond ; and the Ulster troops who were along with these gentlemen 
proceeded to their homes, not without wealth or booty acquired on this 
expedition. Tyrrell remained with the Earl, who continued spending and 
subjugating Munster, and gaining more and more people over to his side, 
during the remaining two months of this year. 1 



k McCarthy Mar. * Moryson says they did not spare the daughters ; but 

his authority needs support. The Earl of Desmond wrote to Carew in 1601, "I defye any 
English that can charge me with hindering of them in bodye or goods." ' Anna/a. 



APPENDIX. 335 

23. Result of the Inroad of the Leinster Men. 

The Munster confederacy was joined by M c Moris, Baron of Lixnaw, Fitz 
Gerald (the Knight of Kerry), Fitz Gerald (the Knight of Glynn), Fitz Gibbon 
(the White Knight), by Dermot and Donogh M c Carthy of Duhallow, Donal 
son of McCarthy Mor, Condon, O'Donoghu of Onacht, and O'Donoghu of 
the Glen ; by Lords Fermoy, Mountgarret, and Caher, m and Purcell, Baron of 
Lochmoe, with many young Butlers." The rebellion brake out like lightning, 
disobedience had spread from the rural districts to the walled cities and post 
towns : 200 of Ormond's soldiers had deserted to the enemy, who were an in- 
sufferable, disdainful, insolent people ; p there was no county in Munster but was 
impassable for any subject, especially for all who wore hose or breeches after 
the English manner. q Unless Her Majesty shall royally undertake the prose- 
cution, the Kingdom will be lost there is nothing now left but Dublin and the 
Port of Wexford' ; and the Queen takes it much to heart that with 10,000 men 
she is in no part able to defend herself. 5 On the 4th of November Cecil writes 
' The disease is general ; the religion bad ; the nobility discontented ; the sol- 
diers beaten ; the discipline corrupted ; her Irishman an after game, except we 
see a blot and enter and bind. Ulster a country so strong and so wild as never 
conquered nor quiet ; wholly in rebellion except some scores (?) ; the climate 
unwholesome ; the passages so difficult as my Lord Burgh The General 
Norreys never could look over the water ; good soldiers, well armed, and in 
blood..' On December the ist Elizabeth writes to the Council ' We have 
sent over great supplies, to our excessive charge; yet we receive naught else 
but news of fresh losses and calamities. Although you have the great number 
of 9000 men, we do not only see the northern traitor untouched at home, and 
range where else he pleased, but the provincial rebels in every province, by 
such as he can spare, enabled to give law to our provincial governors ; besides 
that the Pale is not only wasted, but the walls of Dublin, (where our State is 
seated), esteemed unsafe, and (as we hear) the suburbs thought a dangerous 
lodging for some of our principal counsellors... we will send a sufficient force of 
horse and foot out of England, strengthened with old soldiers of the Low 
Countries.' On the 3 rd of Dec' she writes to the L. President of Munster 'We 
have understood how strange a revolt has happened in Munster. When the first 
traitor grew to head, with a ragged number of rogues and boys, you might 
better have resisted than you did, especially considering the many defensible 

m ff Sullivan. " Annala. Moryson. P Sir T. Norreys. 1 Sir N. Walsh. 
'Wallop an exaggeration. s Cecil. See McCarthy Mor., p. 181. ' Cecil, in 

Car. Cat., p. 523, 



336 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

houses and castles possessed by the Undertakers, who, for aught we can hear, 
were no way comforted nor supported by you, but either from lack of comfort 
from you or out of mere cowardice, fled away from the rebels on the first alarm. 
We have sent over 2000 foot for your aid, and given orders to increase your 30 
horse to 50, in sterling pay, and to send over another 100 horses. There are 
some out or suspected, who might be used, on their claims for land being 
granted, as good instruments against the capital rebels. Of such are the White 
Knight, Condon, and Donogh M c Cormacke of the Dually." 

24. Fighting in Thomond. 

There was strife among some of the gentlemen of Thomond concerning the 
division and joint-tenure of their territory lands. Among them was Teig, the 
son of Conor, son of Donogh O'Brien, by whom the bridge of Portcroisi was 
taken; and although he was not the first who had attempted to take it (by 
force) from Margaret Cusack, it was to him it finally fell. He also took the 
castle of Cluain in Hy-Caisin, and the castle of Sgairbh, in the east of Hy-Bloid, 
from the attorney of the Bishop of Meath's son. Among these was also Conor, 
son of Donnell, son of Mahon, son of Brian O'Brien, who took Baile-an- 
chaislein, in Upper Clann-Cuilein, from Mac Namara Finn (John, the son of 
Teige, son of Cumeadha). Among them was Turlough, son of Mahon, from 
Coill O'Flannchadha, who took from George Cusack Derryowen, at first the 
patrimony of the sons of Auliffe, the son of Cian O'Shaughnessy. Mahon, the 
son of Turlough Boy, obtained Coill O'Flannchadha. Among the same gentle- 
men was Turlough, the son of Murrough, son of Conor O'Brien, from Cathair- 
Mionain, and his kinsman, Dermot Roe, who joined in the war of the Irish. 
Among them, moreover, was Teig Caech, the son of Turlough, son of Brian, 
son of Donough Mac Mahon, who, about Christmas in this year, captured an 
English ship, that had been going astray for a long time before. It happened to 
put in at a harbour in Western Corca-Bhaiscinn, in the neighbourhood of 
Carraig-an-Chobhlaigh. Teig took away this ship from the crew, and all the 
valuable things it contained. It was not long after till Teig found the profit 
very trivial, and the punishment severe. The same Teig took Dunbeg, one of 
his own castles, from a Limerick merchant, who had it in his possession, in lieu 
of debt." 

25. The War in Connaught. 

Ballymote, which had been in the possession of the English, for the space of 

" Lombard says 1800 of them and their followers sailed from Waterford in 18 vessels. The 
poet Spenser was one of these exiles. v Elizabeth's Letters, in Car. Cal. ' Annala. 



APPKNDIX. 337 

thirteen years before this time, was taken this summer by its rightful inheritors, 

the Clann-Donnough of Corran, namely, Tomaltagh and Cathal Duv. Governor 

Clifford, and O'Donnell (Hugh Roe) were auctioning the castle against each 

other, in offering to purchase it from the Clann-Donnough. The close of the 

bargain was, that the Clann-Donnough gave up the castle to O'Donnell for a 

purchase and contract in the middle month of the autumn. Four hundred 

pounds (in money) and three hundred cows, was the price which O'Donnell 

gave. In Autumn O'Donnell sent a body of forces from Tirconnell with Mac 

William (Theobald, the son of Walter Kittagh, son of John, son of Oliver) into 

Mac William's territory. He sent with him on this occasion O'Doherty (John 

Oge, the son of John, son of Felim, son of Conor Carragh) with a great force. 

They were scarcely noticed in any country through which they passed, until 

they arrived in the Owles ; and it was in these (territories) the greater part of 

the herds and flocks of all Mac William's country then were. They collected all 

the cattle that were on the main land, outside the small islands ; and though 

great was the collection of preys they made, they encountered no danger or 

difficulty, save only the trouble of driving them off. And they returned safe to 

their territories, i.e. Mac William to Tirawly, and O'Dogherty to Irishowen. 

When O'Donnell had obtained possession of Ballymote in the middle of 

Autumn, the Kinel-Connel sent their creaghts into the county of Sligo ; and 

O'Donnell himself resided at Ballymote from the time it was given up to him 

until after Christmas. O'Donnell (at this time) caused his forces to be mustered 

in every place where they were : first, the Kinel-Connell, with all their forces, 

came to him ; and next Mac William Burke (Theobald, the son of Walter 

Kittagh), with all those who were under his jurisdiction ; and when these had 

come together to O'Donnell, to Ballymote, (which was) precisely in the end of 

December, he resolved to proceed into Clanrickard, although the inhabitants of 

that territory were on the alert and on their guard ; such was their fear and 

dread of him. He marched silently, and arrived unobserved at the gate of 

Kilcolgan by break of day ; he then sent marauding parties in every direction 

through the level part of Clanrickard ; one party went to the borders of 

Oireacht- Redmond, and another to Dun-Guaire, in Coill-Ua-bhFiachrach. This 

party who went to Coill-Ua-bh Fiachrach committed lamentable deeds; they 

slew the two sons of Ross, the son of Owny, son of Melaghlin O'Loughlin, 

i.e., Turlough Boy and Brian. But a gentleman of the Clann-Donnell 

Galloglagh, who was along with Mac William on that expedition, namely, 

Hugh Boy Oge, the son of Hugh Boy, son of Mulmurry Mac Donnell, had 

been slain on this occasiou by Turlough Boy, the son, before he himself fell. 

By another party of O'DonnelPs people were slain the two sons of William, 

a v 



338 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

son of John (Burke) of Rinn-Mhil, and the son of Theobald, son of Dabuck, 
from Doire-Ui-Dhomhnaill, with his brother's son, Mac Hubert of Disert- 
Cealaigh, namely, William, the son of Ulick Roe, son of Ulick Oge, was 
taken prisoner by O'Donnell's brother, Manus, son of Hugh, son of Manus. 
Although the Earl had great numbers of hired soldiers quartered in Clan- 
rickard, O'Donnell carried off the immense spoils, heavy herds, and other 
booty and property, which had been collected for him, without battle or con- 
flict, until he arrived safe at Ballymote." 

26. Minor Events. 

In March, Murtagh Cam, son of Conor, son of Mahon, son of Thomas 
Mac Mahon of Cnoc-an-lacna [Co. Clare] died in the territory of East Corca- 
Baiscin ; in Spring died Ogan son of John son of Melaghlin O'h-Ogain of Ard- 
Croine. [A considerable portion of his castle is still to be seen at Ard- 
Crony.] O'Cahan (Ruari son of Manus son of Donchadh son of John son 
of Aibhne) died on the 14 th of April, and his son Donall Ballach was in- 
stalled in his place. Baothghalach, son of Hugh son of Baothghalach, son 
of Mortach Mac Clanchy, of Cnoc-fionn in Clare, died in April. He was 
fluent in the Latin, Irish and English tongues. Dermot, the son of Edmund, 
son of Rury O'Dea of Tully O'Dea was killed in the month of July by the 
insurgents of Clare. Rickard, the son of John, son of Thomas, son of 
Rickard Oge Burke of Doire-mic-Lachtna, died in August. Mac Donough 
of Tirerrill (Maurice Caech, the son of Teig-an Triubhis) was slain in Briefny- 
O'Rorke, as he was carrying off a prey ; upon which Conor Oge, son of 
Melachlin from Baile-an-duin was appointed the Mac Donough. The Blind 
Abbot, (i.e., William, the son of David, son of Edmond, son of Ullick 
Burke) who had styled himself M c William after the death of the last lord, 
namely, Richard, the son of Oliver, son of John, did not happily enjoy his 
title of lord, for he was expelled from his patrimony by Sir Richard Bingham ; 
after which he went about wandering as an exile from territory to territory 
until he died in Clan Cuilein (in Thomond) in the month of September ; and 
he was buried in the abbey of Quin in the burial place of the Sil-Aedha The 
M c William, who was lord at that time, was Theobald (the son of Walter 
Kittagh, son of John, son of Oliver) whom O'Donnell had nominated 
M c William. Joan Cam, the daughter of the Earl of Desmond, namely of 
James, the son of John, son of Thomas of Drogheda, died in winter, having 
spent many years in widowhood after the destruction of her tribe, and the 
worthy men to whom she had been successively espoused/ 

1 Annala. 7 Arranged and condensed from the Annala. 



APPENDIX. 339 

SOME ORIGINAL LETTERS WRITTEN IN 1598. 

i. Articuli quidam cum Supplicatione S. Sanct" nomine Ibernontm Exulurn 
proponendi.'' 

Cum pro ea, Sanctissime Pater, quam Ecclesiarum omnium ex officio geris 
solicitudine, non possit non esse gratum quicquid per quoscumque suggeritur 
opportunum ad Religionem Catholicam ubivis locorum vel conservandam vel 
instaurandam ; tanto gratius sit oportet quod ad hunc proponitur finem, quanto 
magis et ii qui proponunt id officii debent pietati in patriam, et Sanc tem T. decet 
id quod proponitur peculiari quadam cura habere commendatum. Quoniam 
igitur impleri nunc advertimus quod ante annos centum supra mille D. Patricio 
Aplo nostro legimus revelatum Iberniam quam tune quidem ille in spiritu vidit 
totam inflammatam christianse fidei et charitatis ardore, postea paulatim caligine 
et tenebris usque adeo obducendam, ut exiguae tantum lucernae et rari tandem 
superessent carbones vivi, iique cineribus involuti. Idcirco turn pietate in 
patriam moti, turn spe ducti, quod (prout sequuta habet revelatio eidem Apostclo 
nostro facta) ad splendorem et ardorem pristinum Ibernia postliminio reversura 
sit, Nos ad oscula pedum Sanc tis T. humiliter prostrati articulos quosdam sive 
puncta duximus proponenda, quorum consideratione Sanc tas T. et excitari possit 
ad ea propius et pressius cogitanda quae ad salutem patriae nostrae pertinent, et 
inclinari merito ad id concedendum, quod ad istum finem nos hie suppliciter 
petimus. 

Primus est, quod Maiores nostri, veteres Iberniae Proceres, tarn insigni pietate 
ac singulari in Sedem Apostolicam observantia fuisse commemorentur, ut post- 
quam christianam religionem amplexi semel, Pontifici Romano, Christi Dni in 
terris supremo Vicario, non solum tanquam Pastori totius Ecclesiae Christianae 
sese submiserint, sed etiam Regionis suae dominium et imperium cesserint. 

Secundus, cum circa annum Dni 1170 vicini Britanni et Angli Iberniam 
invasissent eamque armis imperio suo subjicere molirentur, Iberni Proceres non 
antea illis voluerunt se submittere quam Domini sui Romani Pontificis inter- 
veniente auctoritate, misso ad id in Iberniam Legato Vivesio quodam, Rex 
Angliae inauguraretur Iberniae Dominus. 

Tertius, quamvis illo quidem tempore expedire videbatur ob multas causas ut 
Regi Angliae concederetur dominium quoddam protectionis in Iberniam, tamen, 
ex quo praesertim tempore Henricus VIII, Ecclesiae tandem rebellis factus, 
usurpavit sibi titulum Regis Iberniae, tarn noxium est Ibernis Anglicani dominii 
effectum iugum, ut huic soli accepto sit ferendum, quod Ibernia ab Ecclesiae 
gremio per schisma sit avulsa. 

* From the reference to Trinity College and to the Irish Jesuits, this appears to have been 
written between 1595 and 1598. 



340 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

Quartus, quod licet per Anglicanae istius tyrannidis vim et coactionem 
materialia passim templa in Ibernia haereticus occupet cultus et religio, tamen 
Ibernorum animos, viva sua templa, possideat Deus, ut nulla sit in orbe Natio 
(modo nota illi aut nominata sit unquam haeresis) quae pauciores habeat aut 
infectos haeresi aut ad earn affectos. Et multi quidem, non obstante illius 
tyrannidis terrore ac minis, Catholicam adhuc Religionem constanter profitentur ; 
caeteri vero plerique constantiam istam probant ad eamque propendent, et quic- 
quid hie delinquitur ex sufficients instructionis defectu proficiscitur. 

Quintus, cum qui ex aliis nationibus pro fide Citbolica exules in Catholicis 
passim regionibus, assignata sibi habeant ex Sedis Apostolicae pia liberalitate 
seminaria et scholas, in quibus aluntur, et qui inter illos juniores erudiuntur, sola 
Ibernia, proprium Apostolicae Sedis patrimonium, beneficii huius non est par- 
ticeps. Quod tamen si hactenus percepisset et hunc imprimis fructum retulisset, 
quod submitti possent in Iberniam (ubi et liberius agerent quam in aliis quoquo 
modo infectis haeresi et schismate regionibus) qui instructiores confirmando et 
consolando, rudiores instruendo, lapsos revocando plurimum profuissent. 
Deinde et alterum minus forte observatum sed non parvi aestimandum attulisset 
fructum, nempe, ut qui Iberni Romam petunt, quippiam solicitaturi, non admit- 
terentur nisi habito ab eiusmodi Seminario Nationis vitae suae et conversationis 
testimonio ac commer.datione. 

Sextus, cum Ibernia olim fuerit et religionis et disciplinarum schola eiusmodi, 
ut et eruditionem in istis accipiendam soliti sint eo ex vicinis regionibus plurimi 
confluere, et ex ipsa prodire multi ad religionem et eruditionem in exteris pro- 
pagandas nationibus hac gloria paulatim decidente sive per externorum 
frequentes et feroces in Iberniam irruptiones, et grassationes, sive per domes- 
ticorum Principum civilia et intestina bella, sive per alias simul concurrentes 
occasiones et causas certe Angli, Iberniae effecti Domini, utcunque inprincipio 
correxerunt quaedam a christianae religionis institute illic devia, postmodum, 
quasi data opera, satagerunt ut Ibernos in ignorantiae et ruditatis barbara quadam 
retinerent caligine, opportunum id ducentes ad illos tanquam sibi servos et 
mancipia in subiectione continendos. Unde evenit ut Iberni, religioni Catholicae 
affectu pio alioqui deditissimi, non satis fuerint instructi ad detegendam et repel- 
lendam illam in religione corruptelam, quam aliquot iam lustris Angli qua 
poterant vi et fraude conati sunt in Iberniam invehere. 

Septimus, cum etiam vigente ad hue in utroque Angliae et Iberniae Regno 
Catholica religione, videbatur hactenus caligo ista ignorantiae et rudidatis oppor- 
tuna ad Ibernos retinendos Angliae subiectos, ab uno iam vel altero anno alia 
inita est ratio et consilium, quo Anglia, quae se devovit haeresi, in eamdem 



APPENDIX. 



341 



secum nassam Iberniam quoque trahat, atque ita illam arctius sibi reddat devinc- 
tam, nempe collegii cuiusdam ampli et magnifici extructione iuxta Dubliniura, 
primariam Iberniae urbem, in quo a praeceptoribus Anglis haereticis Juventus 
Ibernica in haeresi instituatur. Ex hoc collegio et institutione magnum imprimis 
periculum Ibernis imminet, quia licet hactenus affectum eiusmodi per Dei 
gratiam, et merita Sanctorum suae gentis, praesertim Apostoli nostri S. Patricii, 
erga Religionem Catholicam et Apostolicam Sedem insitum sibi ostenderint 
semper, ut is videri possit in nativam transiisse dispositionem, tamen, quia flexilis 
valde eorum indoles, timendum merito, ne, deficientibus qui de Catholica reli- 
gione instruant, haeretica doctrina serio seduloque inculcata affectum istum 
immutet, et flexilem indolem ad se rapiat. Delude ex periculi huius con- 
sideratione tristitia magna et continuus dolor cum nobis turn cordatioribus in 
Ibernia Catholicis, eo quod illic desint idonei et sufflcientes homines, qui in 
Catholica religione instruant, ac simul desiderium, velut parturientium, quo 
optamus eiusmodi homines illuc submitti. 

Quare Sanctississime Pater, Clementissime Domine noster, haec nostra et 
populi nostri, imo vero tui iure optinio, voluntate paratissima offerentes tibi 
vota, ad oscula beatissimorum tuorum pedum prostrati, imprimis optamus, et 
Deum Opt. Max. rogamus, ut in diebus tuis, et in umverso adimpleatur mundo 
quod praedixit Isaias : " Venient et adorabunt vestigia pedum tuorum qui 
detrahebant tibi ; " et peculiariter contingat genti nostrae, ut quam Henricus 
VIII. Ecclesiae rebellis factus ab obedientia dementis Septimi violenter avulsit, 
Pastor bonus Clemens Octavus Ecclesiae compagi Iberniam postliminio restituat. 
Deinde rogamus Clementissimam T. Pietatem, ut digneris Articulos et rationes 
iam allatas attente considerare, ut quae vel ex iis vel ex aliis quibuscumque pro 
salute Iberniae tuae Deus bonus cordi tuo inspiraverit, ea pro T. Pietate, pru- 
dentia et officio executioni mandari satagas. Denique quia, Clementissimo Deo 
conservante nobis semen, sunt nostrates quidam e Societate Jesu sacerdotes 
idonei, qui in patria fructum faciant maximum, obsecramus humiliter, ut sicut ad 
provincias alias ab haeresi reducendas, aut retinendas in Catholica religione 
aliorum hactenus factae sunt missiones, sic ex istis sacerdotibus ordinentur aliqui 
in Iberniam, albam ad messem regionem, auspiciis tuis mittendi operarii. 

Sanctitatis T. humill ml Clientes Iberni pro Catholica Religione Exules hinc 
inde dispersi. 

Endorsed Articuli noie Hybernorum S. S'' proponendi. 

2. DelP III"" Sig" Cardinale Mattel a N. R. P. Gnrale da Ferrara a 21 di 
Maggio 1598. 

Molto R come fratello. Diedi conto giermatina alia s u di N. S. della mis- 
sione che la P" V era risoluto di fare, quando cosi fusse piaciuto a S. B*, 



342 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

d'alcuni PP. in Ibernia accio potessero ivi fare, quel frutto spirituale che dalle 
loro man! si puo fermamente sperare. E si come la S. S ta gradi multo cotesta 
buona volunta della P. V., cosi si contenta di concedere come fa a quei PP. che 
da lei saranno inviati in quel Regno, che possino in esso essercitare tutte le 
faculta che da Sua B. sono state concesse o confermate ai PP. della Comp" che 
sono andati in Inghilter e vuole Sua S ta che questa mia lettera basti per 
essecutione della presente concessione. 

3. Christopher Holiwoodf S. J. to F. Aquciviva. 

Admodum R de P r . Pax Chri. 

Gratias habeo quantas maximas P. V ae quod tantam de me curam dignatus 
est habere. Patavium petam, Deo bene propitio, proxima hebdomada, ibi facturus 
quod iubebit Provincialis donee aliter Paternitas V ra disposuerit. Scriptum est 
ad me nullum esse in Hibernia qui habeat facultatem dispensandi cum Nobilibus 
Catholicis, ad hoc ut possint, salva conscientia, retinere bona Ecclesiastica, quae 
iam possident, donee Deus restituat pacem Ecclesiae. Videat P. V a an expe- 
diat talem facultatem nostros, qui mittentur, habere. Certe expedit Ecclesiae 
sua hoc tempore a Catholicis possideri ; nam illi erunt semper parati ea resti- 
tuere, et interim aliquid quotannis pendere in pios usus insumendum : quod si 
omnia Ecclesiae bona ab haereticis possiderentur, id redderet ipsorum con- 
versionem multo difficiliorem et impedirit pacem Ecclesiae, nee quicquam 
interim subsidii inde pauperes acciperent. Quod superest, oro D. opt. max. ut 
P. V. incolumem et nostri memorem servet. Mediolani 10 Junii 98. 

P. V. servus in X. minimus 

CHRISTOPHORUS HoLivoclus. 
Al m R do in Chr P. il Padre Claudio 

Aquaviva Gnale della Comp a di Giesu a Roma. 

4. Letter of J. Archer," S. J. Aug. 10, 1598. 

R do in X P. Claudio Aquaviva, Praeposito G" Societatis Jesu, Romae, 
Admodum R de in X Pater, Pax Christi, etc. 

Quas t. p. ad me dedit 14 Martii, has ego non ante Calendas Augusti accepi, 
etsi ad patrem Henricum Fitz Symons tribus ante mensibus pervenerint, unde 
facile perspicere potest occasionem tanti silentii. A tempore quo hue perveni 
in tantis angustiis versatus sum, ut nihil de ratione mittendi per Angliam 
didicerim, quam p. Fitz Simons, quern ad horulam tantum vidi, me docuerit. 
Per Hispaniam plures misi cum pecuniis ad studiosos, et nullum omnino respon- 
sum accepi. Unde hoc provenerit non aliter conjicere possum, quam quod 
mercatores nostri literas ad me vel ex me transferee vereantur, eo quod status hie 
maximo me prosequatur odio, et frequenti indagine, magno proposito pretio, me 

b Of Artane Castle, Dublin. c Of Kilkenny. 



APPENDIX. 343 

perquirat, ita ut in sylvis et latebris ut plurimum agam, et regredi ad meos non 
liceat eo quod mercatores in suas me recipere naves non audeant, quod certo 
sciant quosdam in quolibet portu a statu designates qui me opperiantur. 

Attamen Societatis munia, prout possum, exercere non desisto ; bis mille 
confessiones...excepi ; incultos et barbaros in fide instruxi ; quosdam, abiurata 
haeresi, Ecclesiae reconciliavi, et personam unam nobilem, quae, ablegata 
coniuge, scortum introduxerat, unde maxima dissensio inter principes viros 
oriebatur, cum ilia in gratiam redire feci ; sacramenta in Castris ministravi 
quandoquidem cum subditis in Civitatibus versari non sit permissum. Mirum 
est quantus erat concursus ex vicinis locis ut Sacrum audirent et peccatis 
expiarentur; hinc facile conjicere potest t. p. quanta sit spes uberrimi fructus si 
plures e Societate mittantur. 

De Missionc cum nobilibus, praesertim aquilonaribus, egi, qui earn valde 
expetunt, et maxime opus habent, homines inculti, barbari et plane rudes ; reli- 
giosos tamen plurimum respiciunt. Illi omnem operam et solicitudinem et 
praedia quaedam illis designare pollicentur. Ex hac parte, valde inculta, 
excursiones ad reliquas cum maiore securitate et fructu fieri poterunt. Alii in 
parte australi missionem quidem exoptant, patrocinium patrum assumere publice 
non audent, sed fovere, et procurare ut nihil illis desit non renuunt. Maior 
modo spes est uberioris fructus quam hactenus ob frequentes Catholicorum 
victorias, unde fit ut haeretici ex multis locis migrare cogantur. 

De reformatione Cleri tota difficultas erit ob eorum audaciam et inscitiam 
. . . Quapropter opus erit ut qui mittantur amplam habeant Jurisdictionem, quam 
solam illi respiciunt et reverentur, ad coercendam eorum insolentiam. Ex eorum 
restauratione tota res pendet, quod ego compertum habeo, ex eo quod quidam 
Cornelius Stanle Vic. Apos cus obnixe me rogavit, cum hue venirem ut illi assist- 
erem in executione sui muneris in spiritualibus ; cui eo lubentius assensum 
praebui, quod sperabam inde maiorem Dei gloriam et ingens animarum lucrum, 
ut res ipsa testatur ; brevi namque tempore decem sacerdotes, ablegatis concu- 
binis et schismate abiurato, ad meliorem frugem redegi ; quod sane efficere non 
possem nisi fultus auctoritate et iurisdictione illius. Praeterea ad securitatem 
conscientiarum illius nomine dispensavi cum quibusdam Catholicis pro fructibus 
Ecclesiasticis, ab Haereticis perceptis, componendo cum illis pro quota aliqua 
solvenda in subsidium Scminarii Hybernorum Salmanticae, quorum gratia hue 
missus sum. In qua re non existimo me quicquam fecisse adversus Societatis 
institutum, et quod non sit gratum Deo, et t. p. acceptum, cui in omnibus, ut 
semper, meum subjicio judicium. Quod si liceret mihi accedere ad Superiores, 



344 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

nec illud ipsurn sine ipsorum iussu acceptarem ; enixe rogo t. p. ut nihil mali de 
me suspicetur in hac nec alia re ex relatu aliorum, qui parum de me aut meis 
actionibus compertum habent. Dicere non possem quantum rei Christianae 
proficerem, si liceret mihi inter homines publice versari, quod spero aliis fore 
permissum eo quod cum adversariis nunquam sint versati, ut ego in Flandria et 
alibi, nec eorum nomina statim sint cognita. Iter in Hispaniam cogito prima 
occasione ex septentrionali parte, quo antea pervenire non potui, omnibus viis 
interclusis. Haec sunt, R de Pater, quae de me et de missione scribere pro 
ratione temporis potui ; t. p. inveniet me semper fidelem, humilem et obedientem 
Societatis filium. Raptim ex Castris 10 Augusti 98. 

t. P. servus in X minimus, 

JACOBUS ARCHERUS. 
^.Nicholas Lenich* S. J. to Fr. Duras, Sep. 25, 1598. 

Ihus 

Pax. X. Quoniam intelligo R. V rara cupidam esse aliquid andiendi ex multis, 
quae Deus Opt. et Max., opera et industria nostrorum patrum, in Hybernia 
operatur, ideo non immerito existimavi ad R. V. mittere eo quae accepi ex literis 
Patricii Hamlii, sacerdotis et olim alumni huius Seminarii, scriptis ex Hybernia 
12 Calendas Julii huius praesentis anni, ex Anglico idiomate quantum ego potui 
Latino donatis. 

Haud facile dictu est, quantus in his locis fructus constiterit ex opera Patris 
Jacobi Archeri, uberior procul dubio futurus, nisi unum illud obstaret quod ex- 
ploratores a Prorege constituti iam inde a primo Patris in Hyberniam ingressu, 
in eum diligenter inquirebant : usque adeo ut ab hominum oculis, in quibus 
versabatur, in latebras sibi confugiendum putaret : in quibus moratus tantum 
temporis, quantum satis esset ad sui memoriam abolendam, rursus intermissa 
studia instauravit, hodieque Societatis munia ita exequitur, ut ad fidem 
Catholicam magnus haereticorum fiat accessus. Hie est alius ex eadem Societate 
sacerdos e Flandria appulsus, cui nomen est Henrico Simonio,* qui non minori 
cum fructu animarum saluti operatur, Deo illius conatus favente ; nam singulis 
quibusque festis ac Dominicis diebus frequentem ad populum concionatur, tanto 
cum animi ardore ut suimet ac suarum rerum oblitus videatur. Multi ab haeresum 
coeno ad Christianae religionis splendorem convertuntur : utque alios prae- 
termittam verae fidei communionem ingressos, Dublinii, in urbe totius Regni 
metropoli, ubi Prorex sedem tenet, centum omnino sunt, qui praeterito anno 
circa festum Paschatis resurrectionis pravo haereticorum more, rituque perverse 
communicarunt : iidem tandem Christianae doctrinae rudimentis probe instruct!, 

* Of Clonmel. H. Fitz Simon, of Dublin. 



APPENDIX. 345 

apud Patrem anteactae vitae maculas confessione eluerunt ; vitaeque coelestis 
Sacramento refecti, tantum pietatis specimen, fluentibus abundanter lacrimis, 
praebuerunt, ut omnes in admirationem darentur. Ne tamen propter insolentem 
multitudinem turbae fierent, non omnes uno die sacrum X' Corpus exceperunt ; 
sed in duos bipartiti, priori sexageni posteriori vero quadrageni : qua in re 
videre erat pium illorum certamen contendentium, utri prius divinum illud con- 
vivium degustarent. Huius rei novitas fuit omnibus tarn iucunda, ut multos 
dies nullus nisi de ilia sermo haberetur, singulis immortales gratias Deo agenti- 
bus, quod ab errorum tenebris in lucem veritatis traducti essent : unde prae- 
cipuus in Deum honor et in Catliolicorum coetus utilitas redundabat. Cum 
vero Catholicorum numeras in dies augeretur, Patri visum fuit nobili in domo** 
aram collocare, quo Catholici confluentes divinis rebus interessent. Quare, ut 
maiorem in omnium animis ad pietatem affectum excitaret, aulam peristro- 
matis excoluit, tapetibus instravit, et in medio aram posuit rebus omnibus ad 
sacrificandum tarn eleganter instructam, ut nulli cederet earum quae in istis 
locis instructissimae visuntur. Curavit insuper, ut res divina cum omni vocum 
nervorumque concentu celebraretur ; itaque, organa si excipias nullum ferme ex 
musicis instrumentis requisieris : nablia, cytharae, testudines, et siqua reliqua 
sunt, iucundissimam commiscebant harmoniam. Prius tamen quam Sacrum 
solemni fieret apparatu ter celebratum est planiori ritu, et quidem sine ullo cantu 
vocum, non tamen affectionum, quae, in omnium animis adversus Deum 
mirabiliter incensae, Dei coelitumque aures pertingebant ; quippe in singulis 
Sacrifices Catholici bene multi coelesti pane pasti et incredibili divinae con- 
solationis dulcedine perfusi, ita ut pro votis nunquam satis Deo gratias 
decantarent. Stato Missae tempore de rebus divinis Pater sermonem instituit 
tanta cum utilitate audientium quanta maxima esse poterat. Argumento [est] 
quod demisso sacro plurimos in sodalitatem B. Mariae cooptaverit, quae ab 
eodem patre instituta tarn ibi quam apud alias primi ordinis familias magna 
cum Sodalium frequentia efflorescit. Hinc facile erit intelligere quanta laetitia 
omnium mentes eo die compleverit, siquidem quadraginta abhinc annis hoc 
primum Sacrum solemni ritu peractum audierunt : quae omnia conjicienda 
potius relinquo ac meditanda, esset enim opus immensum singula literis com- 
plecti quae de horum Catholicorum pietate ac perseverantia scriptu digna 
videbantur. 

Pater, ut omnium saluti consulat, varies quoquoversum excursus efficit, 
adeo quidem prompto animo et expedite, ut sibimet omnem quiescendi facul- 
tatem adimat, tanto flagrat desiderio suos adiuvandi concives. Quacumque iter 

Probably Thomas Fagan'i. See Fitr Simon's Letter, infra. 

2 X 



346 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

vel moram facit, statim de Deo sermones serit, patresfamilias de rebus docet, 
quae ad reliquum vitae spatium in Dei amore ac timore transigendum re- 
quiruntur. Illi praeceptis illius obediunt, mandataque cum sedulitate exequuntur, 
ut merito eos dicas ad Christianam pietatem ex animo proclives atque pro- 
pensos esse. Praeterea duodecim pueros bene morigeratos, spectataeque indolis 
et ingenii collegit in Flandriam mittendos, una cum aliquot virginibus, quae se 
Deo perpetua virginitate devoverunt, ut suum nomen consecrent alicui familiae 
Deo sacrae : nunc idoneam navigandi tempestatem Dublinii praestolantur, quam 
fortunatissimam praecamur. 

Igitur, Pater amantissime, si viginti habuerimus e Societate brevi temporis 
spatio [ab] eis tola Hybernia ad veram fidem compelletur : cui nihilo magis 
quam vise duce opus est. Quapropter cures diligenter oportet ut quotquot e 
Societate nostra Hibernico aut Anglico sermone utentur hue mittantur, suam 
hisce populis operam daturi, qui indies salutis suae avidiores existunt. Interim 
unum illud admonitum te volo eos omnes in Regno impune, libereque vagaturos, 
nemine eorum labores, exercitationesque perturbante. Denique ut scribendi 
finem faciam perstringo breviter quod nuper cum haereticorum ministris Patri 
contigit. Prorex certior factus de iis quae a patribus, turn praesertim a p. 
Henrico agebantur, publicam fidem pactus eum ad certamen cum suis ministris 
de rebus divinis palam irieundum invitavit. Strenuus Christi miles non recu- 
savit congressum, ad pugnam descendit. Illi, patrem ut agnoscunt, obstupescere ; 
periculum vereri, negare insuper cum Jesuitis Seminariorumque alumnis 
(quos nihilo differre putant) veluti cum impostoribus rem gerendam : imo 
affirmare nefas esse quovis praesidio illorum studia fovere. Itaque fugere ante pug- 
nam quam post illam victi discedere maluerunt : hinc eo maiorem ignominiae 
notam subierunt, quo insolentius antea iactitabant, neminem esse in toto orbe, 
nedum in Hybernia, qui posset suos inter disputandum impetus sustinere. 

Catholici rem divinam audituri armis se muniunt, quibus se ac sacerdotes 
tueantur. Antea enim haereticorum ministri quamplures exploraverunt domes, 
siqua ornamenta vestiendis altaribus et sacerdotibus accommodata invenirent, 
inventa abstulenjnt ; nunc vero in idem periculum se inferre non audent, 
metuentes ne ubi velint quaesturn facere sumptum faciant. Et haec breviter ex 
literis Patricii Hamlii. 

Quid ergo praestolamur, pater amantissime, et cur stamus tota die otiosi, 
siquidem Deus nos conducat in vineam suam, vineam iam maturam ad messem; 
age igitur, pater mi, age inquam, ut quam cito plures amandentur operarii, ut 
semen hoc in horreum Domini reponatur antequam pereat, devasteturque, et 
summis a V. R, precibus contendo, ut me indignum et inutilem servum 



APPENDIX. 



347 



dignetur inter caeteros huius sanctae et felicis missionis nominare, nam tanto 
temporis intervallo turn a N. R. P. turn a praedecessora R. V. illam expos 
tulavi. Valeat R. V. in X. Jesu, et me [tuis] piis sacrifices devotisque 
precibus me committo. Ex Collegio D. Antonii Ollyssipone 25 Septembris 
1598. 

R. V" fr. et servus in X. NICOLAUS LENICH. 

R do in Christo Patri, Patri Georgio Duras Assistenti Societatis Jesu hae 
dentur. 

Endorsed Fiat extractum et exhibeatur 111" 10 Protectori. 

6. H. Fitz Simon to F. General Aquaviva, Nov. 25. 

Admodum R. P. Pax X'. Nihil mihi in votis prius est quam ut quae- 
cumque circa nos gerantur intelligatis ; sed mora est a tabellariis, omnia enim 
commercia hac rerum perturbatione cessarunt ut literas mittere aut recipere 
non sit facile. Adversarii congressum refugiunt non sine eorum confusione et 
gaudio Catholicorum. Multas insidias instruxerunt, qUas divina providentia 
evasi, comprehensis cum ego evaderem aliis. Dublinia est primaria civitas, 
in qua tribunal regium et proregis sedes, et haereticorum sentina, altera plane 
Londinia. Hanc a sacerdotibus prodendam Senatui inculcant Angli Justiciarii 
et iureiurando confirmant, fecerunt fidem adeo ut fratrem frater proderet duos 
producendo sacerdotes, utque senatus mulctam gravissimam proponeret qui- 
buscumque sacerdotes foventibus, evolant omnes deserentes catholicissimam 
civitatem. Hie exitus fuit, ut insontes probati sint sacerdotes et audaciores facti 
Catholici ad terrores hujusmodi perferendoSi Ego autem ab iis praemonitus fui 
quorum intererat perscrutari aedes, quamvis vix satis mature, cum non prius 
efferrem pedes quam adessent inquisitores. Tota aestate varias obivi regni partes 
non sine operae praetio, sex revocatis haereticis; plurimisque schismaticis, et 
auditis confessionibus ingenti numero. Singulis festis concionem habeOj ad 
quam confluunt a vigesimo milliari non pauci non sine optato in aliquot fructu. 
Jam autem excurrere non licet absque manifesto vitae periculo, ita digrassantur 
hostes, qui quamvis catholicos se [ia e ] ctitent, non tamen aliud praeter nomen 
habent, nee ferunt qui a nequitia cSerceant, aut qui inscitiam corrigant ; sic 
enim rapinis incumbunt, ut timeam praecipuam eas insurrectioni dedisse ansam, 
et non aliud militibus manere stipendium. Arcerius noster tandem ad vvs dat 
literas, utinam perquas se purget. Implicuit enim se officio Vicarii Generalisj 
ejus fultus auctoritate qui dubiam habebat potestatem quam etiam alteri con- 
tulerat. Inde magna confusio, tantaque utqui ejus usi sunt opera in dispen- 
sationibus aliisque id [generis]* incerti sint omnium. Ego sane nee augeo nee 

e Corroded. * d is eaten, i and g are clear; possibly the Word was " negotiis." 



348 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

minuo eius auctoritatem cum nihil de V. R. voluntate habeam compertum. Id 
enixe supplico V. P., ut collectionum, quas ex tola corrasit Ibernia, aequa pars 
Duacensibus Ibernis statuatur, qui flos studiosorum nostratium, et quorum 
intuitu potiorem partem obtinuit. Ideo hoc require, quod privatis suis, Sal- 
manticae, nimium studere passim judicetur. 

Cum opinione omnium, et ipsorum expectatione haereticorum, diversa totius 
reipublicae futura facies et conditio sit, consulere divino honori, aliqua Eccle 
siastica beneficia praeoccupando, debemus. Tria autem nostris usibus accom- 
modatissima animadverti. Primum Thomae Courtum in ipsa Uublinia, quod 
aliquando Canonicorum Regularium fuit : secundum Abbatia S" e Mariae quod 
Bernardinorum : tertium Kilmainam quod equitum Melitensium. Haec etiam 
posteriora duo in ambitu Dublinensi continentur. Si impetremus primum, 
partem fructuum etiamnum ad nostros usus consequemur. Quod sane opus est, 
cum recepto more nihil sacerdotibus erogetur praeter oblationes tempore 
Sacrificii, et victum. Quare, salvo meliore iudicio, soli illi in principio hue 
mittendi sunt quibus vel patrimonium vel affinitas ampla. Quantum ad 
externa nova, tola haec patria licet non subiaceat proceribus qui insurrexerunt 
eorum tamen incursionibus prostituitur ; pervolant enim impune, non minus 
bonorum quam malorum bona diripientes. Ex iuvenibus qui Duaci studuerunt 
cum unus in eos improvide incidisset, quod se Henricum Fitz Simon diceret, 
habitus est benigne, dein dimissus. Venerantur externo cultu omnia veneranda, 
sed opera eorum longe a Deo. Cum [ed*]ictum vetaret omnes, non exciperent 
sacerdotes, mihi quamplurima diversoria patuerunt. Magna et periculosa Us inter 
tres primates falsis rumoribus exoriebatur, quae omnes ad sanguinem mutuo 
effundendum protrahebat, iamque facinus patrandum erat cum nocturno itinere 
veredariis equis ad auctorem percurrendo, eumque ad palinodiam recinendum 
inducendo malum diuino beneficio averterim. Feci, in aliis Societatis functioni- 
bus, quidquid potui : minutiora per se concipiantur. De facultatibus verbum 
nullum, deque erecta a me sub ratihabitione sodalitate. Omni animi demissione 
vestras efflagito sive consolatorias in aestu laborum, sive mandatorias in finibus 
terrae ut sim semper obedientiae filius. Denique pari conatu contendo, ut 
insignis benefactor noster, Dominus Thomas Faganus precibus totius Societatis 
extraordinariis commendetur, et significatione gratae acceptionis a V. R tta hono- 
retur. Meipsum eisdem, ut unico fulcro tanto instantius committo, quanto longius 
absum ab influentiis caeterorum membrorum, quantoque pluribus obnoxius 
periculis. Ex Ibernia 25 Novembris 1598. 

V. R u " tarn promtus in X" servus quam humilis filius 

HENRICUS FITZ SIMON. 
* Corroded. 



APPENDIX. 



349 



PARLIAMENTARY LISTS OF THE YEARS 1560," 1585," AND 1613. 



LORDS. 



1560. 1585. 



Earl of Kildare ............ 2d 

Earl of Ormond and Ossory ist 

Earl of Desmond ......... 3rd 

Earl of Tyreone ............ 

Earl of Clanricard ......... 5th 

Earl of Tomond ............ 4th 

Earl of Clancare ............ 

ViscountButtyvant ...... 6th 

ofFfermoy ...... 7th 

Gormanston ...... loth 

Baltinglass ...... iith 

Mountgarrett ...... i2th 

Lord Bermingham ofAthenry 8th 

Coursy .................. 9th 

ofSlane 



ist 

2d 



3rd 

4th 

th 

6th 

yth 

8th 

9th 



i6th 

nth 

izth 



LORDS. 



1560. 1585. 



i4th 



i6th 



Lord of Delvin ............ i3th 

of Killeen ............ 15^1 

Howth .................. i6th 

Dunsany ............... I9th 

Trimleteston ......... i7th i8th 

Lixnaw or Kerry ...... i8th 

Dunboyne ............... zoth i8th 

Upper Ossory ......... 23rd 2oth 

Louth .................. 2ist zist 

Curraghmore ............ 2zd 22d 

Donganyne ............ 23rd 

Inchecoyne ............ 24th 

Burk of Connell ...... 25th 

Cahir... 26th 



SHIRES 1560. 


1585. 


Dublin Fitz Williams de Holmpatrick 


R. Netterville 


Finglas de Waspellistown 


Burnell 


Meath Sir Christopher Chever 


R. Barnwall 


P. Barnwall de Stackallan 


J. Netterville 


Kildare Eustace de Cradokeston 


W. Sutton 


Flattesburie de Johnstown 


F; Fitz Morric 


Westmeath Sir G. Stanley 


Nugent de Disert 


Sir T. Nugent 


Nugent de Morton 


Wexford Hore de Harperstown 


Fitz Henry 


R d Synnot de Ballybrenan 


Codd 


Louth Taf de Ballebragane 


Gerlone 


Dowdal de Glasspistell 


More 


South Louth ... 




Carlo w Sir W. Fitz Williams 


Sir H. Wallop 


Edmund Butler 


G. Ffenton 


Kilkenny White, Gall 


Blanchville 




Rothe 


Tipperary Sherlock, Grace 


Butler 




Everard 



1613. 

Sir C. Plunket 
Lutteral of Lutterels- 

town 
Hussey, Baron 

Galtrim 
R. Barn wall 
Talbot of Carton 
Sutton of Tipper 
C. Nugent 
E. Nugent 
Furlong of Horetown 
Wadding 



Verdon of Clonmore 

Gernon of Strabane 

Bagnal 

M. Cavenagh 

Grace 

Shee 

Butler of Kilcash 

Sir J. Everard 



Compiled from Hardiman's Statute of Kilkenny, p. 135, 140. b Arranged from Rev. P. J. 
Meehan's Fate and Fortunes of O'Neill, p. 522. 



350 



STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 



SHIRES 1560. 
Cross of Tipperary 

Waterford Power of Comshen 
P. Aylv/ard of Faithlick 
Cork 


1585. 

Archbold 
Prindergast 
B. Ailward 
Sherlock 
J. Norries, L. 


1613. 

Butler of Cloghcully 
Lafifan of Greystown 
Sir J. Gough 
Power of Campier 
M c Carthy of Logher 


Kerry ... 


President 
Cogan Fitz Edmond 
Fitz Gerald 


Barrett 
O'Sullevan of Dono- 


Limerick 


Springe 
T. Norris 


lough 
Rice of Ballinruddall 
Sir F. Barkley 


Clare 


R d Bourk 
Sir Tir. O'Brene 


Sir T. Brown 
D. O'Brien 


Down ... 


Boetius Clanchy 
Sir H. Bagnell 


Berty Clancye 
Sir J. Hamilton 


Antrim 


Sir Hugh Magennis 
Berkly 


Sir H. Montgomery 


Armagh 


Sha. M c Brien 


Sir T. Caulfield 


King's Co ; 


Sir G. Bourchier 


Sir J. Bourchier 
Sir F. Ruish 


Queen's Co. 


A. Waringe 
Warham S' Leger 


Sir A. Loftus 
Sir H. Power 


Connacie ... .;. ... . ; 


Harpoll 


Sir R. Piggott 


Longford 


Ffaghny O'Fferrall 


Connell O'Ferrall 


Galway ... ... . .< 


W m O'Fferrall 
Le Straunge 


John O'Ferrall 
Sir W. Bourke 


Mayo ... 


Fr Shane 
Williams 


J. More 
Sir Xheo Burke 


Roscommon ... 


Brown 
Sir R. Bingham 


Sir Tho. Burke 
Sir O S' John 


Sligo , 


Dillon 


Sir J King 
O'Hara 


Ferns ... ... ... . .; 


Crofton, and 
Marbury 


M c Donogh 


Wicklow . . ... ... . . ; 


Synnot 


Byrne of Tynepark 


Cavan ... 
Coleraine . .; 


Sir H. Harrington 

Philip O'Reilly 
Ed. O'Reilly 


Phelim M c Pheagh 
Byrne 
Sir O. Lambert 
Fish 
Baker 
Rowley 



APPENDIX. 



351 



SHIRES 1560. 


i55- 


1013. 






* 


Vaughan 
Steward 


Donegal 






.-, i^ 






Sir H. Folliot 


Fermanagh 


... 




Sir J. Davis 


. . 




.. 


Mugent 
Reynolds 


Leitrim... 






Monaghan 






Sir E. Blakeny 
Sir B. M'Mahon 


... 










Sir T. Ridgway 


Tyrone ... 






Sir F. Roe 


CITIES 


1560. 






Dublin 
Waterford 
Cork 
Limerick 


Stanihurst 
Golding 
Wise 
Strong 
J. Miagh 
Coppinger 
Fanning 
E. Arthur 


Taylor 
Ball 
Sir P. Walsh 
N. Walsh 
J. Miagh 
Sarsfield 
T. Arthur 
White 


Bolton 
Barry 
Sherlock 
Wadding 
E. Tirry 
D. Tirry 
Galwey 
N. Arthur 


BOROUGH TOWNS. 








Drogheda 
Gal way 
Knockfergus ... 


Weston ... 
Burn ell ... 
Jonoke Lynch 
Pe. Lynch 
Wingfield ... 
Waren 


. Barnwall 
, Nugent 
. Pe. Lynch 
. Jo. Lynch 


Blackney 
Beeling 
Sir W. Blake 
G. Lynch 
Hibbots 
Johnson 


Youghill 
Kilkenny 


Walsh 
Portyngall 
Bethe 
Archer ... > 


. T. Coppinger 
. Collen 
. Roche 
. Shee 


E. Coppinger 
Forrest 
Archer 
Langton 


Wexford 


Hassane ... 
R d Talbot 


. Pa. Furlong 
..Pa. Talbot 


Turner 
R' Talbot 


Ross 


Heron 


.. Duff 


Fitz Henry 




Dormer... 


.. Bennett 


Shee 


Down ... 

. i 


: 


" 


Ussher 


Armagh 






Conway 


Kinsale 
Dundalk 


. Sir J. Alen 
Agarde ... 
. C. More ... 
Stanley 


. . Galwey 
. . . Roche 
... Belle w 
... Bath 


J. Roche 
D. Roche 
Cashel 
Ellis 






1 J. More 








352 


STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 


BOROUGH 


TOWNS 1560. 


1585. 


Trim 


...Sir J. Parker 


Hamon 




P. Martell 


Gwire 


Cashel ... 


... ... ... 


Conway 






Pa. Kerney 


Fethard ... 


...Hacket 


Nash 




T. Nasshe 


Wale 


Clonmel ... 


...Stridche .. 


G. White 




H. White 


Bray 


Kilmallock 


. . . ... ... 


Verdon 






Hurley 


Thomastown 


...Cosby 


Sherlock 




Cowlye 


Porte 


Le Naas ... 


...Draicot ... 


Ja. Sherlock 




Jo. Sherlock 


Lewes 


Ennestyock 


... 


Power 






Archdeacon 


Kildare 


...Abelles ... 


Wesly 




More 


Shirgold 


Mullingar 


...N. Casy ... 


Pettit 




Relyng 


R. Casy 


Athenry 


...A. Brown... 


Brown 




SirT. Cusack ... 


Lynch 


Carlingford 


...Radclief 


Ap Hugh 




Jo. Neile 


R. Neil 


Navan 


...R. Waring 


Wakely 




Jo. [Wakel]y 


Waringe 


Athboy .. 


. . . More 


Brown 




Blake 


Terrell 


Kelles . . 


...Shiele 


Fleming 




Ledwiche ... 


Dax 


Ardee 


...W. Dowdall 


Barnwall 




Babe 


J. Dowdall 


Dengenchoishe 


... ... 


T. Trant 






J. Trant 


Dungarvan 


...Gifford 


obliterated 




Chellyner 




Callan ... 


... 


Quemerford 






Branan 


Philipstown 


... ... ... 


Frehan 






Williams 


Maryborough 





obliterated 


Swords 




obliterated 


Athy 


...Mothill ... ... 






Cussyn 





1613. 

Ashe 

Jones 

Hale 

Sale 

Everard 

Hackett 

N. White 

Bray 

Verdon 

Kearney 

Robook 

Porter 

Latten 

C. Sherlock 

W m Murphy 

Crichen Murphy 

Fitz Gerald 

Farbeck 

N. Casy 

Hamon 

S. Brown 

Bodkin 

Whitechurch 

Hope 

Begg 

Warren 

More 

Browne 

Plunkett 

Balfe 

Mathewe 

P. Dowdall 

Trant 

Hussey 

Roe 

Fitzharris 

Rothe 

Haydon 

Leycester 

Phillips 

Sir A. Loftus 

Barrington 

Blackney 

Fitz Simons 

Sir R. Digby 

Weldon 



APPENDIX. 



353 



BOROUGH TOWNS 1613. 



Charlemont 
Antrim... 
Belfast ... 
Coleraine 

Derry ... 
Carlo w... 
Cavan .. 



Belturbet 
Ennis ... 
Limavaddy 
Mallow 
Baltimore 
BandonBridge... 
Cloghnakilty ... 
University of 

Dublin 
New Castle, near 

Lyons 
Donegal 
Lifford 

Ballyshannon ... 
Downpatrick ... 
Newry... 
Bangor 

Killileagh 



More. Fortescue. 
Conway. Hill. 
Sir J. Blennerhasset. 
Trevelyan. O'Brien. 
Wilkinson 
Carey. Crewe. 
Bere. Jacob. 
Culme. Sexton. (W. 

and T. Brady elected 

in their stead). 
Wirrall. Grimesdich. 
Thornton. Bloode. 
Sibthorpe. Downton. 
Molyneux. Ware. 
Crook. Piers. 
SirR. Morison. Crowe. 
Harris. Gosnold. 

Temple. Sir C. Doyne. 

Parsons. Rolles. 
Crofton. White. 
Blundel. Disney. 
Gore. Cherry. 
Sir R. Wingfield. West. 
Bassett. Leighe. 
Sir E. Brabazon. Dal' 

way. 
Trevor. Hamilton. 



Newton in 
Ardes 



Le 



Enniskillen . 

Tuam 

Tralee 

Gowran 

Carrickdrum- 

rusk 

Castlebar 
Monaghan . 
Ballinakill .. 
Roscommon. 
Boyle 
Sligo... 
Clogher 
Dungannan . 
Strabane 



. Sir G. Coningham, 

Cartcart. 

. Atkinson. Fernham. 
. SirT. Rotheram. Pecke. 
. Blennerhasset.Delhicke. 
. Staunton. Swayne. 



Griffith. Bellott. 

Sir J. Bingham. Peyton. 

Reeves. Cowley, 
SirR. Ridgway. Brereton. 

Marwood. Smith. 

Cusacke. Meredith. 

Andrews. Southworth. 

Watkins. Ferrar. 

More. Pollard. 

Molyneux. Mont- 
gomery. 

Agher ... Birkinshaw. Scorye. 

Tallaght ... Lowther. Parsons. 
Lismore ... Boyle. Annesley. 
Athlone ... S' John. Nugent. 
Kilbeggan ... Sir R. Newcomon. 

B. Newcomon. 
Fethard (Wex- 

ford) ... Loftus. Pemberton. 
Enniscorthy... Fisher. Perkins. 
Wicklow ... Usher. Esmonde. 



ADDENDA. 

Epitaphs in the Franciscan Church of Montana, Rome. 

The Earl of Tyrone died in Rome, July 20, 1616, in the seventy-sixth year of 
his age ; and was buried in the Franciscan Church of Montorio : his tomb bears 
the simple epitaph 

D. O. M. 

Hie. Quiescunt. 

Ugonis. Principis. O'Neill. 

Ossa. 

2 V 



254 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO I 598. 

Epitaph of his son, the Baron of Dungannon. 

I). O. M. 

Hugoni Baroni de Donganan Hugonis Magni O'Neill Principis et Comitis 
Tironiae Primogenito, Patrem et Rodericum Comitem Tirconalliae Avunculum, 
pro Fide Catholica quam multos annos contra haereticos in Hibernia fortiter 
defenderant, relictis statibus suis, sponte exulantes ad communem Catholicoruru 
asylum, Uibem Romam, pro sua singular! in Deum et Parentes pietate, secuto, 
cujus immatura Mors spem de eo restaurandae aliquando in illis partibus 
Catholicae Religionis, ob ejus insignes animi et corporis dotes ab omnibus, 
conceptam abstulit, ac dicto Roderico avunculo fato simili absumpto conjunx- 
it Occidit tarn suis quam totae curiae flebilis Nono Kal. Oct MDCIX 
Aetatis suae xxiv. 



Epitaph of the O'Donnells. 
D. O. M. 

RODERICO PRINCIPI O'DONNELLIO, Comiti Tirconalliae in Hibernia, qui pro 
Religione Catholica Gravissimis defunctus periculis in sago pariter et in toga 
constantissimus cultor et Defensor Apostolicae Romanae Fidei, pro qua tuenda 
et conservanda e patria profugus, lustratis in Italia, Gallia, Belgio praecipuis 
sanctorum monumentis ; atque ibidem Principum Christianorum singulari amore 
et honore Sanctiss. etiam P. ac D. Pauli PP. V. paterno affectu susceptus, in 
maximis Catholicorum votis de felici ejus reditu, summum doloremsuis, et 
moerorem omnibus in hac Urbe ordinibus immatura morte quam obiit in. Kalen- 
das Sextiles anno salutis MDCVIII. aetatis suae xxxin. Quern mox secutus 
eodem tramite, ut eadem cum eo beatitute frueretur CALFURNIUS, FRATER, 
periculorum et exilii socius, in summa spe et expectatione bonorum de ejus 
nobilitate animi quam virtus et optima indoles exornavit, sui reliquit desiderium, 
et moestitiam coexulibus xvm Kal. Oct. proxime sequentis Anno Aetatis xxv. 
Utrumque antecessit aetate et fati ordine frater primogenitus HUGO PRINCEPS, 
quern pie et Catholice pro Fide et Patria cogitantem Phillippus III. Hispa- 
niarum Rex et vivum benevole amplexus, et in viridi aetate mortuum hono- 
rifice funerandum curavit Vallisoleti in Hispania mi Idus Septembris 
A. S. MDCII. 



APPENDIX. 355 

The widow of this Calfurnius or Caffar O'Donnell was buried in the 
Franciscan Convent of Louvain with this epitaph 

D. O. M. 

Excellentissima. Domina. Rosa. O'Dogharty. 
Dynastarum. Inisoniae. Filia. et. Soror. 

Alti Sanguinis. Decus. 

Morum. Temperantia. et Splendidis Conjugiis. Auxit. 
Primum. nupta. Inclyto. Heroi. 

D. Cafarro. O'Donnello. 

Tirconnalliae. Principis. Germano. 

Dein. Excellentissimo. Domino. Eugenio. O'Neillo, 

Catholici. In. Ultonia. Exercitus. 

Archistratego. 

Utramque Fortunam. Experta. EL Miseriam. Rata . 
Coelum Studuit. Benefactis. Mereri. 

Septuaginta. Major. Denata. 
Bruxellis. i. Novembris. Anno MDCLX. 
Suo. Cum. Primogenito. Hugone. O'Donnello. 
Praestolatur. Hie. Carnis. Resurrectionem. 

In St. Mary's Church, Clonmel. 

No. i : Hie jacetTerrentius O'Donel qui obiit 4 Martii 1 583 eteiusuxor Elena 
White quae obiit 24 Aprili 1591 Eorum filii qui hunc tumulum fieri fecerunt A D 
1592 : quibus sit propitius Omnipotens. Amen. 

No. 2: Hicjacet Galfridus Barren qui obiit 22 Martii A. Dni 1601, et 
Belina White uxor eius quse hunc tumulum fieri fecerit A. Dni. 1605 et obiit A. 
Dni. 1610 quorum aiabus propitietur Deus. 

No. 3 .- Johannes gelido jacet hoc sub marmore Vitus ; 

Charaque Johannse conjugis ossa piae. 

Bis Major, Wentworth primum prorege, secundutn, 

Catholici subiens fcedera martis obit. 

26 Augusti 1643. 

At St. Patrick's Well, Clonmel. 

No. 4 : Hie jacet D. Nicholaus White Armiger virpietate constantia mansu- 
etudine et integritate morum conspicuus et amabilis, obiit 30 die Augusti 1622 ; 
eius corpus ex antecessorum capella quae borealemsacelli hujus partem respicit in 

See these epitaphs in the Rev. C, P. Meehan's Fate and Fortunes of Tyrone and, 
Tyrconnell, pp. 446, 477, 476. 474. 



356 STATE OF IRELAND ANNO 1598. 

hoc monumentum 22 die Decembris 1623 translatum est, cuius animae pro 
pitie;ur Deus. Sacellum hoc S Nui Jesu eius que genetrici B Mariae Virgin' 
dicatum construxerunt in perpetuain dicti Nicolai memoriam Barbara White 
uxor eius vidua et Henricus White filius eius et haeres. 

No 5 A small tablet, bearing three roses (the device of the White family,) 
underneath which is this inscription 

Et trias est Numero et Natura est una colorem 
En ubi presidium Vitus et arma local. 

At the R. C. Church, Irishtown. 

No. 6 : A massive tablet, which, perhaps, was set in some conspicuous part 
of the old chapel of the Whites. It bears in full relief the arms of the family, 
and around the margin, and at the foot, this legend : 

" Insignia Joanis White armigeri quondam comit. Palatini Tipperariae 
Seneschal, comitati Waterfordias vice-comiti. Clonmel primi majoris sic transit 
mundi gloria Benedictus Vitus hasres dicti Joani et Alsona haec fieri fecerunt 
i6is.' : * 

In the Franciscan Church is a chalice with the inscription : Orate pro- 
animabus Edmundi Everard, et Joannae Naish uxoris ejus 1645. In the C. 
Church of Cappoquin there is a chalice with the inscription : Ora pro animabus 
D. Ricardi Everard et Catharinae Tobyn. 

See 1 20 epitaphs wayside crosses or other souvenirs of the families 
of the i6th century, in this book, pp. 24, 45, 60, 62, 63, 64, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 80, 
97i 9 8 . 99. lo . IO S> II0 , m, J33, !34, 1 39, l6 , 161, 162, 163, 164, 167, 170, 
171, 179, 180, 183, 184, 190, 192, 194, 197, 198, 201, 203, 204. 205, 209, 210, 

211, 212, 214, 225, 234, 236. 

Corrigenda . 

p. 211, notes ' and B . The Rev. J. Everard, C.C., Clonmel, to whom I owe 
the two last inscriptions, represents the Everards of Burntcourt. There are still 
direct male descendants of the Everards of Fethard the " Little Girl," who is 
said, at p. 210, to be the sole representative, had six brothers and five sisters 
older than herself, and her father's brother had a large family. 

Clonmel Chronicle. 

p. 296. Camden's description of Armagh was accidentally omitted. He 

* Inscriptions copied and published by Mr. Kearney, C.E., of Clonmel, and to be republished 
in Mr. Clark's forthcoming History of Clonmel. 



LIST OF THE ROUND TOWERS OF IRELAND 357 

says "Armagh church and City burnt by Shane O'Neill lost its ancient splen- 
dour; at present it consists of a very few huts covered with twigs, and the ruined 
walls of the monastery, priory and Archbishop's palace." 

Reference letters have dropped out in the notes, before " Angus, p. 16 ; 'In 
the Fews, p. 21 ;' O'Donnell dwelt, p. 31 ;' Quaere, p. 32 ; b Belonging to, p. 51 ; 
p Lords to whom, p. 87 ; K In 1601 Emann,p. 119 ; 'In 1585 lived Teig, p. 154; 
James Wyse, p. 161 ; * Supple of Kilmocua, p. 203 ; ' Christopher, gth Baron, 
p. 227. At p. 64 line 6 supply in the brackets, [Cavanagh, slain]; at p. 266, 
for ' Carvagh ' read Carnagh. 

Two ancient maps, specially lithographed for this work, were lost after the 
death of Mr. Kelly, who was to have been the publisher of the book. 



LIST OF THE ROUND TOWERS OF IRELAND. 

(Compiled from the works of Ledwich, Gough, Wilkinson, Petrie, 

Keane, Stokes, O'Neill, and others.) 
In Co. Dublin. . . 8. Clondalkin, Lusk, Swords, Rathmichael; St. Michael's' 

(Ship Street), Christ Church/- Inismacnessan,' 

Finglas/ 
Meath 8. Donaghmore, Kells, Ardbraccan/ Clonard/ Duleek/ 

Slane/ Trim, f Tullaghard/- 
Kildare 6. Kildare, Kilcullen, Killossy, Oughterard, Teghadoe, 

Castledermot. 
Kilkenny . ... 6. Aghaviller, Fertagh, Kilkenny, Kilree, Tullaherin, 

Tullamain. 
Kings Co. . . . 6. Clonmacnoise, (2) Ferbane, Ferbane," Seir-Kieran, 

Durrow. d 
Queen's Co. . . 5. Dysert, Killeskin, Teampul na Cailleach-dubh, Tima- 

hoe, Rosenallis.' 

Louth 4. Dromiskin, Monasterboice, Drogheda/ Louth.' 

,, Wicklow .... 4. Glendalough (2') Glendalough/ Aghowle," 

,, Car low 3. Kellystown, Killeshin, f Lorum.' 

Wexford .... 2. Ferns, Ferry Carrig. d 

,, Longford .... 2. Inchcloran/Granard/ 

Cork 9. Cloyne, Kinneagh, Ballybeg, 5 Nohoval Daly,' Bally- 

vourney, 5 Ballywerk, Brigoon/ Cork/ Rosscarbery." 

N.B. ' mews foundations ; ' stump; * destroyed. 



358 LIST OF THE BOUND TOWERS OF IRELAND. 

In Co. Clare .... 9. Iniscattery, Inisceltra, Drumcleeve, Dysert O'Dea, 

Kilnaboy, 1 Rath, 1 Killaloe, Clare, Tomgraney. d 
Limerick .... 6. Dysert, Carrigeen, Kilmallock, Ardpatrick, 1 Limerick,' 

Dunaman.' 

Kerry 4. Rattoo, Aghadoe,* Currane,' Ardfert.' 

Tipperary . . . 4. Cashel, Roscrea, Roscrea,' Emly. d 

Waterford . . . 2. Ardmore, Dungarvan. d 

Down 7. Drumbo, Maghera, Cloch-Teach, Mahee Island, ' 

Dundrum, Down-Patrick,' Castlereagh. 

Antrim 4 Antrim, Trummery, Ram Island, Armoy. 

Derry 4 Deny,' Drumachose, ' Dungiven,' 1 Tamlacht. ' 

Armagh 3 Armagh, 4 Armagh, ' Killeevy. 

Donegal 3 Tory Island, Braade, Raphoe." 

,, Monaghan .... 3 Clones, Clones, ' Iniskeen. 

Cavan i Drumlane. 

,, Fermanagh . . . i Devenish. 

Tyrone i Erigel. d 

Galway .... 10 Kilmacduagh, Kilbannon, Ruscam, Ardrahen,' Aran- 
more, s Killcoona,' Ballygaddy, Annadown,' Fertamore,* 

Meelick. d 
Mayo 8 Killala, Turlough, Meelick, Aghagower, Ballagh, Baal, 

Newcastle, Moat. ' 

,, Sligo 4 Ballymote, Drumcliff, Sligo (2.) 

Roscommon . . . 4 Boyle, ' Oran, ' Assylin, ' Roscommon. 



FINIS. 



INDEX. 



359 



A. 

Abbey Leix, 75, 78. 
Abbotstown, 271. 
Abelles, 352. 
Achar, 95. 
Achonry, 237. 
Acquaviva, 286. 
Adams, III, 171, 236. 
Adamstown, 57, 95 
Adare, 197, 283. 
Adrain, 99. 
Agarde, 351. 
Aghadoe, 281. 
Agher, 95, loo. 
Aghery, 264. 
Aghviller, 235. 
Aha, 253. 
Aid worth, 281. 
Alene, 256. 
Alford, 102. 
Allardstown, 264. 
Allen, 5, 37, 44, 46, 48, 57, 95, 

235. 2 52, 351- 
Allen, Bog of, 75. 
Allenstown, 94, 95, loo. 
Amerson, 31. 
Amalies (recte O'Reillies), 117, 

118, 119, 120. 
Anaghes, 255. 
Andrews, 353. 
Annagh, 273. 
Annaghmore, 276 
Annesley, 282, 353. 
Annogh Castle, 249. 
Antislon, 96. 
Antrim, 13, 31, 240, 260, 261, 

296. 

Antwerp, 162. 
Arbracan, 92, 93. 
Archbolds, 37, 38, 263, 350. 
Archdeacon, 66, 70, 167, 278, 

352- 
Archer, 66, 67, 70, 72, 2IO, 

291, 342,344.347, 35 
Archertone, 106. 
Arclo, 41, 52, 208, 239. 
Ardagh, 168, 234, 285. 
Bishop of, 234. 



Ardahill, 279. 
Ardchille, 49. 
Ardclony, 271. 
Ardcrony, 215, 348. 
Ardee, 3, 5. 
Ardenoch, 239. 
Ardes, 6, 10, II, 232, 260. 
Ardfert, 189, 190. 

,, Bishop of, 191, 236, 

263. 282. 
Ardfry, 272. 
Ardglass, 12, 238, 239. 
Ardloman, 95, 96. 
Ardmolchan, 93. 
Ardmollan, 92. 
Ardmore, 165. 
Ardmothe, 95, 96. 
Ardre, 252. 
Ardremakow, 239. 
Ardriston, 254. 
Ardroute, 239. 
Arland, 67. 
Armagh, 3, 5, to, 19, 20, 23, 

24, 25, 95- 233, 235, 237, 247, 

250, 251, 260, 285, 296, 306, 

322. 

Armie, English, 3. 
Armoy, 167. 
Armstrong, 83. 
Arnold, 71. 
Arny, 198. 
Arolstone, 95. 
Aronston, 97. 
Arran, Isle of, 138, 238. 
Earl of, 238, 266. 
Arspoll, 254. 
Artlanan, 239. 
Arthur, 204, 210, 283, 351. 
Anvard, loo. 
Ashbrook, 270. 

Ashe, 50, 91, 94, 239, 265, 352. 
Asheroe, 31. 
Ashpoole, 37. 

Askton, or Askeaton, 198, 233. 
Asoalye, 256. 
Asscy, 92. 
Assye, 96. 
Athboy, 91, 92, 96, 101, JO2. 



Athcarne, 93, 98, 99, 260. 
Athcourie, 237. 
Athenrie, 131. 

,, Baron of, 226. 
Athleag, 151, 277. 
Athlone, 102, 104, 152, 824, 

264, 277. 
Atronan, 95. 
Athlumney, 92, 106. 
Athshe, 95. 
Athy, 44, 272. 
Atkinson, 102, 353. 
Audley, 9, loi. 
Aughrim, 274. 
Austria, 64. 
Ayle, 271. 
Aylemers, 37, 43, 46, 48, 93, 

94, 96, 99, 107, 260. 
Aylewards, 161, 163, 255, 350. 
Aylewardstown, 71, 255. 

B. 

Babbarne, 259. 

Babe, 4, 352. 

Baggad, 72. 

Bagnal, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 51, 52, 

53, 253, 349, 350. 
Bagot, 281. 
Bagotstown, 281. 
Baigre, 256. 
Baker, 350. 
Balaghene, 8. 
Balala, 239. 
Balandsox, 253. 
Balankey, 99. 
Balduff, 253. 
Baldwinstown, 266. 
Ba'ebeg, 256. 
Baleclockan, 78. 
Balecowanne, 256. 
Baledungan, 92. 
Baleguffindowe, 258. 
Balehartin, 256. 
Balehorron, 256. 
Balemakeyan, 256. 
Balenfane, 256. 
Balenosky, 258. 
Balera, 258. 



360 



INDKX. 



Balerotherie, 36, 37, 90. 
Balctrasnie, 258. 
Balevolo, 258. 
Balf, 91, 95, 96, 99, 352. 
Balgan, 257. 
Balgard, 37. 
Balgath, 94. 
Balglunin, 272. 
Balgriffin, 37, 38. 
Baliburtane, 151. 
Baliesko, 101. 
Balinesloe, 134, 151. 
Ball, 93, 351. 
Ballaghan, 31. 
Ballaghtobin, 71. 
Ballaigh, 259. 
Ballaighene, 257. 
Ballakit, 32. 
Ballashannon, 32. 
Ballawlie, 38. 
Ballebockrane, 259. 
Ballebragane, 5, 349. 
Ballebrennan, 256, 349. 
Balleconchin, 1 66. 
Balleconnor, 256. 
Ballegerce, 256. 
Ballegrand, 258. 
Ballegray, 96. 
Ballegresaigh, 258. 
Ballemony, 258. 
Ballenacaldde, 96. 
Ballencurre, 258. 
Ballendel, 95. 
Ballenemone, 103. 
Balleneskeagh, 96. 
Ballenirton, 107. 
Ballenrana, 258. 
Ballensar, 257. 
Balleouddane, 256. 
Balleoulouagh, 258. 
Bailer, 145. 
Balleragat, 66, 67. 
Balleteg, 256. 
Ballevalle, 258. 
Ballevodick, 258. 
Ballewallken, 258. 
Ballgath, 94. 
Ballibrayen, 5. 
Balliburlie, 82, 91. 
Ballibyan Mountains, 144. 
Ballicallie, 254. 
Ballicappock, 62. 
Balliconiel, 106. 
Balliconnicke, 61. 
Balliconnor, 61, 63. 
Ballicotlan, 48. 
Ballicranigambege, 254. 
Ballidufte, 254. 



Balliellen, 253, 263. 
Ballifenyne, 253. 
Ballihack, 57. 
Ballihemoge, 254. 
Balliloughreagh, 57. 
Ballilovve, 254. 
Ballimolchan, 93. 
Ballimore, 102, 106. 
Ballinabay, 315. 
Ballinagard, 283. 
Ballinagir, 256. 
Ballincapoch, 48. 
Ballincor, 40, 41. 
Ballinecorly, no. 
Ballinedramey, 96, 101. 
Ballinekelly, 56. 
Ballinelock, 110, 258. 
Ballinerah, 56. 
Ballineskelligy, 239. 
Ballingarry, 200, 331. 
Ballingtoughe, 67. 
Ballinhawnemore, 58. 
Ballinlough, 105, 106, 270, 271. 
Ballinmore, 37. 
Ballinree, 266, 270. 
Ballintabler, 152,256. 
Ballinter, 269. 
Ballintlea, 264, 279. 
Ballintubber, 152, 256. 
Ballinvacky, 58. 
Ballinvilla, 284. 
Balliot, 96. 
Balliroe, 58. 
Ballishanon, 249. 
Ballitample, 254. 
Balliterney, 254. , 
Kallivaghan, 126. 
BUlneagh, 106. 
Ballnekill, 95. 
Ballohell, 256. 
Ballough, 254. 
Ballown, 39. 
Ballrodan, 95. 
Ballstown, 95. 
Balltraseney, 96. 
Ballunalheu, 97. 
Ballvomen, no. 
Ballyadams, 78. 
Ballyaghbregan, 255. 
Ballyancaislean, 336. 
Ballyandun, 348. 
Ballyasshin, 62. 
Ballybarna, 265. 
Ballybege, 254. 
Ballybirr, 25*5. 
Ballybollen, 275. 
Ballybort, 77, 8l. 
Ballyboy, 83. 



Ballybracke, 253. 
Ballybranagh,.io5. 
Ballybrennan, 58, 349. 
Ballybrett, 233. 
Bally brit, 8 1, 77. 
Ballybrittan, 82. 
Ballybrittas, 79, 84. 
Ballybunnion, 283. 
Ballybur, 70. 
Ballyburlie, 82, 91. 
Ballyburtane, 82. 
Ballycallen, 50. 
Ballycashen, 166. 
Ballycavoge, 1 66. 
Ballyclough, 1 66. 
Ballycogly, 60. 
Ballycomask, 209. 
Ballyconin, 104. 
Ballyconnor, 63. 
Ballycorky, 104. 
Ballycorry, loo. 
Ballycowan, 83, 85. 
Eallycre, 255. 
Ballycromgan, 253. 
Ballycullen, 283. 
Ballycurrin, 209. 
Ballydarmyne, 254- 
Ballydonelan, 274. 
Ballyeane, 39. 
Ballyen, 68. 
Ballyfarnage, 266. 
Ballyfarnocke, 58. 
Ballyfennon, 71. 
Ballyfoell, 255. 
Ballyforan, 266. 
Ballyfoyle, 68, 255. 
Ballygeary, 58, 61. 
Ballygranr 277. 
Ballyhaire, 277. 
Ballyhaly, 60, 265. 
Ballyharth, 62. 
Ballyheige, 282. 
Ballyheney, 166. 
Ballyhinch, 60. 
Ballyhire, 60, 266. 
Ballyhomyn, 255. 
Ballyhubbert, 281. 
Ballyhymickny, 209. 
Ballykeogh. 61. 
Ballykey, 38. 
Ballyknockan, 79. 
Ballyleagh, 53. 
BallyJeigh,;265. 
Ballyline, 271. 
Ballylorcan, 71. 
Ballylorka, 255. 
Ballymacame, 61. 
Ballymack, 70. 



INDEX. 



3 6l 



Ballymackeogh, 284. 

Ballymager, 62, 265. 

Ballyrnaka, 72. 

Ballymartin, 68. 

Bally McCloghny, 255. 

Bally McCrony, 255. 

Ballymoe, 283. 

Ballymoge, 253. 

Ballymore, 58, 60, 89, 103. 274, 

326. 

Ballymorough, 255. 
Ballymote, 145, 336, 247. 
Bally mount, 106. 
Ballymoyer, 266. 
Ballymurray, 277. 
Ballynacor, 270. 
Ballynafad, 273. 
Ballynalacken, 272. 
Ballynatine. 
Ballyneale, 72. 
Ballynebally. 
Ballynerowly, 255. 
Ballynitie, 199. 
Ballynonetie, 209. 
Ballyraddy, 255. 
Ballyrankin, 265. 
Ballyreddy, 72. 
Ballyrian, 253. 
Ballyroghy, 256. 
Ballysax, 252. 
Ballyshannon, 3 1 , 32. 
Ballysonan, 48. 
Ballsop, 61. 
Ballystrew, 260. 
Bally teige, 62, 254. 
Ballytramon, 266. 
Ballyvannon, 284. 
Ballyvorish, 209. 
Ballywhyghan, 239. 
Bally William Roe, 254. 
Balmadon, 37. 
Balmadroght, 39. 
Balmagere, 59> 62. 
Balmakeyrie, 256. 
Balnegin, 95. 
Baloebrack, 107. 
Balrath, 95, 106, 269. 
Balreske, 95. 
Baltimore, 168, 239. 
Baltinglass, 45, 48, 49, 226, 2i< :, 

284, 349. 
Baltrasna, 271. 
Balsound, IOI. 

Balyna, 80, 261, 267, 270, 27.). 
Banagh, 248. 
Banelagh, 36. 
Bangor, 259. 
Baniekard, 258. 



I Bann, 15, 17, 20, 28, 234, 258. 
Bannockburn, 1 6. 
Bannow, 64, 256. 
Bantrie, 62, 168, 256, 257. 
Barclay, 198, 206. 
Barge, 56. 
Bargie, 256. 
Bargy, 60. 
Barick, 291. 
Barker, 269. 
Barna, 273, 274. 
Barnet, 46. 
Barne Veddon, 255. 
Barnwall, 4, 5, 38, 39, 96, 97, 

228, 269, 270, 290, 291, 292, 

349,351.352. 
Barret, 182, 350. 
Barretstown, 284. 
Barriestown, 257. 
Barrington, 79, 352. 
Barringston, 48. 
Ban-on, 68, 253, 355. 
Barrowe River, 50, 56, 64, 73, 

75- 78, 81. 
Barry, 54, 61,167, 169, '7'. '82, 

198, 224, 254, 257, 278, 351. 
i Barrymore, 1 68, 278. 
| Barry Oge, 172. 
j Barryscourt, 271, 278. 
Barton, 262. 
Basset, 353. 
Bathes, 5, 37, 38, 39, 93, 94, 98, 

99, 252, 269, 290, 29 1 , 292, 351. 
Bauk, 265. 
Bawnmore, 266, 273. 
Bealalahun, 275. 
Bealan, 253. 
Bealing, 35, 38, 48. 
Bealingston, 38 . 
Bearchin, 168. 
Beare, 372. 
Bearra, 1 68. 
Beccanston, 39. 
Bective, 92. 
Beckell, 23. 
Bedge, 97. 
Bedlow (or Bellew), 4. 38, 39, 

45, 94, 100. 
Bedlovvston, 92. 
Beecher, 281 , 
Beechwood, 277. 
Beerford, 100. 
Beg, 38, 92, 94, 96, 352. 
Belaclare, 239. 
Belalem, 239. 
Belanamore, 276. 
Belatha Lagain, 5. 
Beleareele, 58. 



Beleeke, 31, 143, 297. 

Belfield, 78. 

Belgard, 37. 

Bellaborow, 256. 

Bellabow, 256. 

Bellame, 93. 

Bellander, 92. 

Belfast, 18. 

Belletston, 106. 

Bellot, 353. 

Belling, 38, 48, 252,351. 

Belleushen, 256. 

Bellews (see Bedlow), 4, 38, 39, 

45, 94, loo, 260, 263, 351. 
Bellewstown (see Bedlowstown), 

92, 94, 100. 
Bellowe, 252. 
Belturbet, 247. 
Benburbe, 27. 
Benford, 46. 
Bengley, 5. 
Bennecerry, 254. 
Bennet, 351. 
Benson, 9. 
Bere,'353. 
Berkeley, 233, 350. 
Berks, 280. 
Berlagh, 256. 
Berminghams, 45, 46. 48, 50, 

91,93,101, 105,235,272,349, 
Bernard, 281. 
Bertiers, 13. 
Beste, 92. 
Bethe, 351. 
Betagh, 95, 99. 
Bettifield, 277. 
Bewlie, 5. 
Bierweisour, 239. 
Billingesley, 206. 
Bingerstown, 94. 
Bingham, 33, 275, 276, 350. 353. 
Birford, 93. 
Birkenshaw, 353. 
Birne (see Byrne), 253, 254. 
Birr, 83. 
Birrell, 5. 
Birt, 32, 94. 
Birton, 253. 
Bishops, 233, 285. 
Bishopscourt, 72, 252. 
Bishopstown, 104, IIO. 
Bisset, 5, 1 6. 
Black, IOI. 
Blackcastle, 72, 94". 
Blackfort, 78. 

Blackball, 98, 252, 253, 257. 
Blackhill, 46, 93. 
Blackine, 94, 263. 

2 Z 



362 



INDEX. 



Blacklowne, 82. 

Blackney, 38,351, 352. 

Blackrath, 47. 

Blackwater, 20, 25, 46, go, 304, 

3"6, 315. 
Blackwood, 252. 
Blake, 96, 133, 272,273,351, 352 
Blakeney, 274. 

Blanchfield, 71, 255, 284, 349. 
Blanchveldstoune, 255. 
Blaney, 12. 
Blarney, 279. 
Blaiherwick, 272. 
Blayne, 97. 
Blayney, 233, 261. 
Bleachfield, 254. 
Blind-well, 274. 
Blood, 353. 
Bloomfeld, 67. 
Blount, 128, 233. 
Blundel, 353. 
Boanstown, 93. 
Bobsgrove, 271. 
Bodkin, 132, 133, 273, 352. 
Bodlen, 12. 
Bolan, 266. 
Boles, 94. 
Bolgan, 61. 
Bolger, 72. 
Bollintollin, 254. 
Bolton, 95, 351. 
Bonecarry, 6l. 
Bonneltstown, 69, 70. 
Bonnoght, 7. 
Boreduffe, 253, 254. 
Boresheis, 255. 
Borranstown, 38, 39. 
Borris, 265. 
Bosher (Busher or Bouchier), 

61, 82, 86, 87,205. 
Bostock, 167. 
Botford, 94. 
Bothnan, 5. 
Bouchier, 271, 350. 
Bourk, 163, 350. 
South, 164. 
Bowdrave, 289. 
Bowen, 78, 79, 80. 
Boylan, 50. 
Boyle, 353. 
Boyne, 23, 35, 90. 
Boyle, 150, 277, 281. 
Boys, 95. 258. 
Boyton, 210. 
Boyton-Rath, 2IO, 289. 
Brabazon, 134. 154, 242, 246, 353 



Brack, 163. 

Bracklon, 106. 

Brackloonmore, 273. 

Brady, 271, 352, 353. 

Branan, 352. 

Brandon, 4, 5, 269. 

Branganston, 48. 

Brangastowne, 253. 

Brasell, 66, 258. 

Brasilagh, 12, 23, 30. 

Bray, 35, 37, 38, 282, 352. 

Breafy, 275. 

Brecaston, 48. 

Breeze, 274. 

Brefney, 90, 348. 

Brenan 50. 72. 

Brereton, 267, 353. 

Bresilagh, 251. 

Brett, 5. 

Breton, 48. 

Brewers, 164, 289. 

Breynd, 208, 350. 

Breyne, 2. 

Brianstown, 256. 

Bridges, 99, loo, 133. 

Bridgetown, 59. 

Brigbargye. 256. 

Brierton, 78. 

Briscoe, 268. 

Briver, 164, 291. 

Bromestone, 57- 

Bromoyle, 32. 

Broncard, 242. 

Brooke, 42, 262. 

Brosenaghe, 104. 

Browalstown, 254. 

Brown, 3, 13, 16, 21, 33, 38, 47, 

59,61,91, 134, 163, 254, 256, 

257, 273. 275, 283, 289, 350, 

352. 

Brownesborne, 255. 
Brownsford, 68, 72. 
Brownstown, 39, 47. 253. 
Broy, 258. 
Broymore, 38. 
Bruce, 1 6. 
Brune, 57. 
Brussel, 275. 

Bryan, 62, 214, 293, 331, 350. 
Brian Carroghe's County, 13, 

14. 

Bryanston, 62. 
Brymingham (see Bearmingham) 

135- 252, 253. 
Budge, 97. 
Buckingham, 270. 



Buggon, 48. 

Bunburbe, 34. 

Buncrana Castle, 32. 

Bundroose Castle, 31. 

Bunes. 254. 

Bunnyconnelan, 275. 

Bunowen, 270. 

Bunratty, 126. 

Buolebrack, 284. 

Burdensgrange, 209. 

Burg, 35. 

Burgate, 167. 

Burgo, 73, 293. 

Burkes, 113, 139, 141, 199, 205, 
209, 220, 229, 255, 272, 273, 
277, 321, 3 2 7, 347. 348. 

Burleigh, 7, 59. 

Burnchurche, 58, 66, 68, 255, 
266. 

Burnell, 38,96, 349, 351. 

Burrowes, 22, 31, 80, 265. 

Burris Leigh, 209. 

Burske, 239. 

Burtall, 194. 

Burweisnowe, 239. 

Burwis Oare, 239. 

Buss, 236. 

Butler, 5, 51, 52, 62, 65, 67, 68, 
69, 70, 71, 76, 80, 163, 164, 
171, 209, 211, 212, 217, 226, 
228, 231, 271, 254, 255,256, 
257, 265, 266, 271, 273, 284, 
289, 292, 305, 326, 331, 335, 

349, 35. 
Butlerstown, 256. 
Butlerswood, 68. 
Buttevant, 174, 224, 278, 349. 
Buxton, 265. 
Byrne, 35, 39, 41, 54, 62, 253, 

264, 266, 290, 350. 
Bysse, 102. 
Bwy, 258. 

C 

Cabboyhe, 135. 
Cabinteely, 264. 
Cabra, 263. 
Cabry, 270. 

Caddell, 38, 39, 93, 94, 97- 
Cahir, 284, 289, 335, 349. 
Cahirminane, 336. 
Cahir Trant, 282. 
Caire, 30. 

Caire MacEwlyn, 32. 
Caisleannua, 31. 
Calais, 83. 
Calavan, 289. 



INDEX. 



363 



Calboy, 30. 

Calcestown, 94- 

Calcutta, 274. 

Caldanglie, 32. 

Calebegge, 33, 238, 239. 

Calf, 48. 

Calfer, 57. 

Calmore, 30, 32. 

Callan, 66, 67, 70, 207. 

Callonok, 258. 

Calry, 104. 

Camas, 283. 

Cambridge, 234. 

Campier, 350. 

Campion, 23. 

Canerston, HO. 

Cantaule, 20. 

Canton, 58. 

Cantwell, 70, 88, 209, 212, 291. 

Cantwellstown, 70, 88. 

Cantyre, 15, 1 6. 

Cappagh, 266. 

Cappahun, 165. 

Cappanacus, 280. 

Car, Lord, 5, 211, 288. 

Car, 215. 

Carberie, 45, 48, 167, 233, 253, 

279, 280, 284, 
Cardiff, 38, lot. 
Carduff, 38. 
Caregeschurche, 257. 
Carew, 51, 53, 286. 
Cargan, 31. 
Cargmannan, 257. 
Carhampton, 263. 
Carie, 15, 353. 
Carig, 266. 
Garlands, 270. 
Carlandstown, 265, 270. 
Carlingford, 3, 5, 12, 18, 238, 

244. 
Carlow, 18, 35, 36, 41, 44, 50, 

51, 56, 63, 64, 226, 233, 241, 

242, 253, 254, 265, 267, 271, 

283, 298. 

Carne, 60, 106, 357. 
Carnegilla, 263. 
Carney, 226, 291. 
Carolan, 262. 
Carraduff, 272. 
Carraghmore, 165. 
Carraig Locha Ce, 276. 
Carran, 211. 
Carrick, 34, 67, 94, 199, 211, 

215, 292. 

Carrick, Earl of, 284. 
Carrick beg, 164. 
Carrick, 211. 



Carrick fergus, 18, 238. 
Carrickmayne, 38. 
Carrickstowne, 253. 
Carricknestayne, 254. 
Carrig-an-chobhlaigh, 336. 
Carrig Teage, 34, 
Carrigbraghey, 32. 
Carrigfoyle, 189, 196, 282. 
Carrigogonnell, 198. 
Carrigmenan, 
Carrignavar, 279. 
Carrignegany, 255. 
Carrignory, 255. 
Carrigslany, 267; 
Carroll, 50. 
Carrpn, 254. 
Carrigonede, 281. 
Carroughmore, 160, 165, 231. 
Carrowkeel, 275. 
Carrymar, 108. 
Carton, 264, 349; 
Carty, 278. 
Cary, 353. 
Casie, III, 352. 
Caslan-Stoke, 32. 
Cashell, 125, 209,211, 233, 235, 

236, 237,286, 288. 
Cashell, 4, 5, 351. 
Cashiel, 94. 
Cassane, 239. 
Castles, passim. 
Castle Archdall, 262. 
Castlebar, 83, 263, 268, 275. 
Castle Blakeney, 274. 
Castle Carbery, 97, 265. 
Castle Connell, 199, 283, 229, 

349- 

C. Cook, 281. 
C. Cosby, 80. 
C. Cuffe, 268. 
Castledermott, 44, 252. 
C. Dirrhy, 78. 
C. Dobbs, 261. 
C. Donovan, 279. 
Castle Durrow, 267. 
Castle Fene, 31. 
C. Ffrench, 273. 
C. Fleming, 231. 
C. Fogarty, 284. 
Castle Gregory, 282. 
Castlehacket, 271, 273. 
C. Hely, 70. 
Castlehaven, 1 68. 
Castlehaystown, 60. 
C. Howel, 70. 
C. Irvin, 269. 
C. Ishin, 48, 283. 
C. Island, 109. 



C. Jordan, 82, 92. 
C. Kelly, 274, 276. 
C. Kevin, 43, 96. 
C. Knock, 37, 38. 
C. Lamerby, 92. 
C.Lyf, 71. 
| C. MacAwliffe, 279. 
j C. Martin, 18, 45, 46, 60, 252. 
C. Mayne, 244. 
C. Minard, 282. 
C. More, 275. 
C. Morres, 284. 
C. Pigot, 75. 
C. Pollard, 270. 
C. Quin, 280. 
C. Richard, 96. 
C. Reagh, 11, 12, 1 66. 
C. Ring, 4. 
C. Roe, 28. 
C. Talbot, 266. 
Castleton Kildrought.gS, 252. 
C. Town, 48, 60, 92, 93. 94, 99, 

104, 108, 199, 231, 256. 
Castletown Roche, 225, 278. 
Castletown Lord, 79, 268, 280, 

284. 
C. Troy, 283. 
Castle Upton, 261. 
Castle Warde, 260. 
Cathaoir Mor, 81. 
Catherine St., 98. 
Caufelston, 97. 
Caufield, 12, 261, 350. 
Cavan, 24, 89, 90, 102, 107, 117, 

121, 148, 241, 246, 247, 263, 

271,300. 
Cavanagh, 35,40, 50, 51, 52,53, 

54, 56. 57, 58, 59, 62, 63, 64, 

120, 226, 302, 328, 349. 

Cavin, 66. 

Celcarne, 92. 

Chamberlaine, 5, 39, 102. 

Chaple, 257. 

Chapman, 282. 

Charbs, 84. 

Charden, 235. 

Charlemont, 261. 

Charleville, 268. 

Chatterton, 19. 

Cheevers, 48, 60, 62, 93, 94, 99, 

256, 265, 269, 349. 
Chellyner, 352. 
Chester, 237. 
Cheshire, 282. 
Chichester, 15, 18, 25, 244, 246, 

248. 

Choiseul, 278. 
Churchtown, 94, 281. 



INDEX. 



Ciarmacla, 28. 

Clagh, 71. 

Clancasters, 16. 

Claualasters, 16. 

Clanant, 19. 

Clanbrasels, 2, II. 

Clanbrassel, 19, 20, 261. 

Clancanane, 20. 

Clancan, 2, 20. 

Clancar, 167, 349. 

Clancark, 167. 

Clancarties, 1 68. 

Clancarvell, 24. 

Clancathal, 279. 

Clanchy, 350. 

Clanconcane, 21. 

Clancurry, 48. 

Clandeboye, 2, 6, S, u. 13. 14, 

17, 34, 260, 261. 
Clandonnels, 14, 16, 26. 
Clane, 47, 252. 
Clankonkeyne, 28. 
Clanlochlain, 280. 
Clanmore, 267. 
Clanmorris, 275, 276. 
Clanrickard, 134, 135, 139, 220, 

244, 272, 347. 
Claragh, 255. 
Claranclaris, 257. 
('tare 123, 124, 126, 240, 261, 

264, 271, 272, 274, 283, 284, 

348 

Clare, 291. 
Clashmore, 277. 
Clastnoe, 255. 
Clavagh, 71. 
Clayland, 58. 
Cleere, 238, 254. 
Cleggan, 261. 
Cleggs, 99. 
Clelande, 56. 
Clement, the Slli, 349. 
Clenghish, 283. 
Clergy, 233, 285. 
Clery, 66. 

Clifford, 33, 85, 303. 
Clinch, 100. 
Clinshe, 39. 
Clinton, 4, 5. 
Cloane, 257, 258. 
Cloesse, 256. 
Cloghatrabally, 280. 
Cloghcully, 350. 
Clogher, 234, 235, 250, 278, 285, 

287. 

Cloghla, 254. 
Cloghlack, 166. 
Clohn, 25. 



Cloine McKnosha, 104. 

Clomeen, 168. 

Clomen, 256. 

Clomesse, 100. 

Clomochain, 97. 

Clomore, 254. 
; Clonard, 96, 97. 

Clonardran, 93. 

Clonbela, 83, 268. 

Clonbrassel, 20, 69. 

Clonbreve, 96. 

Clonbrock, 273. 

Cloncare, 169, 222. 

Cloncoscoran, 277. 

Cloncurry, 252, 264. 

Clondae, 257. 

Clondalkin, 37. 

Clondaly, 96. 

Clondonnells, 250, 251. 

Clone, 68, 180. 

Clone Bishoprick, 170, 172, 
263. 

Clonebrassel McBoolechan, 9. 

Clonecollain, 107. 

Clonegawny, 84. 
I Clonekevan, 96. 

Clonelly, 262. 

Clonemcknois, 234. 

Clones, 24. 

Clonfert, 131, 134, 237, 286. 

Clongell, 94, 97. 

Clongoweswood, 47, 245, 274, 
284. 

Clonin, 103. 

Clonkeraigh, 257. 

Clonkyraghe, 62. 

Clonlisk, 87. 

Clonlonnon, 104. 

Clonlost, 105, 270. 

Clonmacnoise, 83. 

Clonmaghan, 96. 

Clonmeen, 279, 280. 

Clonmel, 159, 210, 213, 229, 
283, 288, 289, 355. 

Clonmeny, 31. 

Clonmillier, 81, 84. 

Clonmoney, 265. 
[ Clonmore, 349. 

Clonmoynagh, 271. 

Clonmore, 4, 5, 52, 92, 280. 

Clon na Ross, 236. 

Clonnor, 5. 

Clonolyn, 53, 54. 

Clonranye, 258. 

Clonresse, 93. 

Clontarf, 38. 

Clonyardom, 259. 

Clonygagh, 253. 



Clonyn, 270. 

Clough, 254. 

Clougharde, 34. 

Cloughchricke, 253. 

Cloughgrenan, 51, 52, 264, 265. 

Cloughouter, 247. 

Clovey, 165. 

Clowater, 253. 

Clownebolche, 83. 

Clowrann, 258. 

Cloyduff, 83. 
i Cloyne, 286, 288. 

Cluain (see Clone), 336. 

Cnock-fionn, 348. 

Cnoc-lacha, 348. 
: Coaleshill, 258. 

Cockburn, 266. 
i Code, 57. 

Codd, 60, 256, 349. 

Coe Lough, 22. 

Coffee, 50. 

Cogan, 167, 350. 

Coghlan, 83. 

Cohery, 289. 

Coill-ui-Fiachrach, 347. 

Colambre, 105. 

Cole, 256. 

Cole, 96. 

Cole Brook, 262. 

Colclough, 233, 253. 

Coleraine, 2, 25, 28, 249, 261, 
262, 297. 

Coleman, 170. 

Collan, 9, 20, 64. 

Collanhroe, HO. 

Collanstowne, 48. 

Collaton, 254. 

Collbaneghar, 78. 

Collbinstown, 253. 

Collen, 351. 

Colleges, 295. 

Colley, 48, 82, 97, 233. 

Colleybeg, 168. 

Collymore, 280. 

Collmanstown, 39. 

Collmoolestone, 96, 99. 
. Collmollen, 95. 

Collum, 236. 

Coltsman, 278. 

Comerford, 67, 70, 72, 166, 211, 
255, 289, 291, 292, 352. 

Compostella, 286. 

Comsey, 71. 

Comshen, 351. 

Comyn, 271. 

Conagh, 271. 

Condon, 163, 178, 179. "82.225, 
335. 336. 



INDEX. 



365 



Confy, 39, 47. 
Conmee, 270. 
Connaghe, 2OI. 
Connagher, 227. 
Connaght, 35. 
Connally Barony, 253. 
Connaught, I, 2, 35, 54, 112, 
122, 237, 239, 273, 241, 287, 

33. 34. 33 6 - 

Connor, 2, 83, 235, 271, 285. 
Conogarhen, 32. 
Conran, 37, 38. 
Conry, 286. 
Conshelaghe, 208. 
Contaule, 20. 

Conway, 72,101, 193, 291, 351, etc. 
Coodurragha, 279. 
Cooke, 5, 245, 254, 281. 
Cookstown, 4, 93, 95, 101. 
Coolambre, 106, 270. 
Coolavin, 275, 276. 
Cooledoyne, 58. 
Cooley, 85. 
Cooleybeg, 168. 
Cooley more, 168. 
Coolgreany, 266. 
Coolie, 45. 
Coolmoyne, 263. 
Coolnamuck, 164. 
Cooloo, 273. 
Cooly, 87. 
Coomlegane, 279. 
Coote, 268. 

Coppinger, 170, 171,271,278,351 
Coran, 37, 38. 
Corballies, 37, 93, 94,98. 
Corbally, 101,255, 265. 
Corbetstown, 83, 106. 
Corcabhascin, 271. 
Cordangan, 281. 
Cork, County, 156, 158, 167, 170, 

188, 196, 216, 279, 280, 281, 

282. 
Cork, Bishop of, 172, 236, 286, 

288. 
Cork, City, 167, 239, 240, 241, 

271, 278,283, 284. 
Corkbeg, 278. 
Corlod, 255. 
Coimicke, 72. 

Corolanstovvn, 103, 105, 106. 
Coronary, 271. 
Corr, 273. 

Corraghmore, 231, 232. 
Corran, 18, 347. 
Corranvreddy, 258. 
Corratobbann, 258. 
Correndestown, 39. 



Correndoo, 266. 

Correstone, 5. 

Corrikeris, 48. 

Coruagh, 266. 

Cosby, 78, 79, 80, 267, 352. 

Cosfeale, 282. 

Cosheshany, 208. 

Coskayll, 257. 

Cosse, 256. 

Costelloe, 275, 276. 

Costilaghe, 

Cotos Lough, 22. 

Cotter, 279. 

Coubrey, 168. 

Council, The, 244. 

Courcy, Lord, 9, 171, 229, 278, 

349- 

Courte, The, 257. 

Courtney, 205. 

Courtown, 46, 264. 

Courtstown, 70. 

Coutin, 290. 

Cowbrodd, 258. 

Cowik, 67. 

Cowland, 126. 

Cowledoynge, 257. 

Cowle Ishell, 255. 

Cowlneallven, 94. 

Cowley, 18, 82, 252, 265, 352. 

Cowlniagh, 79. 

Cox, 281. 

Coyne Lough, 10, 12. 

Crackanston, 97. 

Cradockstown, 47, 349. 
i Craghes, 163. 
! Craigfergus, 13, 14, 18, 33. 

Creaf, 48. 

Creagh, 205, 278, 283, 288, 289, 
290. 

Creagh Ballraen, 258. 

Crean, Lynch, 275. 

Crebilly, 261. 

Creegh, 258. 

Creen, 30. 

Creey-Toune, 67. 

Cremorne, 261. 

Gregg, 267, 273, 274, 280, 281. 

Crew, 353. 

Crickstown, 91, 93, 96, 105, 269, 
270. 

Crint, 256. 

Crinton, 92. 

Cioagh, 280. 

Croambeg, 255. 

Crobey, 96. 

Crolt, 73,28l. 

Crofton, 277, 350. 

Crofty, 106. 



Croghan, 82, 85, 233, 239, 268 

Croaghe Patrick, i. 

Croghfenaly. 

Croke, 67. 

Crome, 198. 

Cromelin, 39. 

Cromok, 259. 

Crommer, 255. 

Cromp, 101, 269. 

Cromwell, 9, 45, 70, 89, 266. 

Crooke, 71, 353. 

Crook Haven, 239. 

Crookestown, 253. 

Crosbie, 236, 282. 

Cross, 272. 

Crosses, Wayside, 68, 69, 70, 72, 

97, 98, 231, 239. 
Crosshaven, 167. 
Crowe, 353. 
Cruachan, 81. 
Cruise, 38. 
Crumpe, 95, 269. 
Cuba, 271. 
Cuff, 185, 272. 
Culkieragh, 262. 
Cullen, 61, 64, 166. 
Cullendragh, 95. 
Cullenston, 61. 
Cullentraigh, 258. 
Culliebege, 254. 
Cul Mac Tryne, 31. 
Culme, 353. 
Culmore, 30, 249. 
Cummer, 272. 
Cumshaiagh, 225. 
Curliews, 144, 303. 
Curluddy, 72. 
Curmollen, 95. 
Curraboy, 273. 
Curragh, 37, 38. 
Curraghleagh, 275. 
Curraghmore (see Corraghniore 

and Carraghmore) , 280, 347. 
Curran, 34, 284. 
Curry glas, 281. 
Cusacke, 5, 27, 91, 93, 94, 95, 

96, 97, 105, 129, 269, 296, 

336, 353- 

Cushingstone, 94, 97. 
Cuskenny, 279. 
Cussyn, 352. 
Cutmollen, 92. 



Daideston, 99. 
Daingean ni-Hushy, 282. 
Dale, 256. 
Dalgan, 272. 



366 



INDEX. 



Dalgin, 274. 

Daljoy, 239. 

Dalkey, 36, 238, 239. 

Dallway, 252, 261, 353. 

Dalton, 71, 103, no, 163. 

Dalystown, 271. 

Danesfort, 273. 

Daneston, 93, 99. 

Dangan, 70, 85, 125, 265, 283. 

Dangan, I. Beirn, 276. 

Danganmore, 70, 72. 

Danganstown, 71. 

Danyell, 252. 

Darcy, 64, 92, 93, 94, 96, 100, 

103, 106, 107, 133, 273. 
Dardesse, 96, 106. 
Dardestowne, 93, 94, 103. 
Darinlar, 165. 
Darlington, 264. 
Darrynane, 282. 
Dartry, 23, 24, 264. 
Daton, 67, 266, 255, 292. 
Darent, 281. 
Davanargh, 257. 
Davels, 72, 79, 253. 
Davers, 43. 
Davidstown, 57, 263. 
Daviestown, 257. 
Dawmans, 13. 
Dawson, 261. 
Daxe, 91, 352. 
Dayrane, 257. 
Dealbhna Eathra, 83. 
Deanes, 68, 70, 254. 
Dease, 269, 270, 279. 
De Bathe, 269. 
De Beauvoir, 275. 
De Burgo, 283, 287. 
Decies, 158, 160, 161, 165, 225, 

226, 277. 

De Freyne, 276. 

Degert, 216. 

Delahoyde, 39, 49, 92, 93, 95, 

96, 99, 267. 
Delamaire, 10, no. 
Delvin, Lord, 103, 105, 106, 

227, 228, 270, 349. 
Dempsy, 84. 

Den, 39, 68, 232, 254. 
Dengan, 95, 96, 98. 
Denny, 190, 283. 

Barony of, 255. 
De Oviedo, 285. 
Derite, 50. 
Dermebeer, 165. 
De Robeck, 267. 
De Ros, 97, 264. 
Derpatrick, 95, 96, 100. 



Derran, 85, 100. 

Derry, 28, 31, 80, 234, 239, 
249, 262, 285, 287, 297. 

Derrymollin, 83. 

Derrymore, 336. 

Dcrver, 4. 

Desart, 268. 

De Rythre, 264. 

Deseret, 232. 

Desert, 267. 

Desmond, 45, 52, 67, 76, 156, 
166, 168, 170, 181, 195, 199, 
206, 219, 231, 278, 286,331, 

333. 338. 349- 
Devereux, 57, 59, 62, 164, 256, 

257, 265, 266. 
Devonshire, 9, 235. 
De Vesci, 261. 
Dexter, 92, 97. 
Digby, 252, 352. 
Dillon, 38, 39, 86, 93, 94, 95, 

96, 98, 99, 103, 104, 107, 1 10, 

"3- 137, 154. 269, 273, 

276, 350. 
Dingan, 82. 

Dingle, 157, 189, 239, 282. 
Dipper, 256. 
Dirr, 257. 
Disert, 78, 349. 
Disert Cealaigh, 338. 
Dobbin, 67, 71, 163. 
Dobbs, 261. 
Docwra, 102, 261. 
Documents, Original, 124, 290, 

339, 348- 
Dod, 252, 256. 
Dodwell, 276. 
Doe, 248, 249. 
Doinfert, 45, 48, 50. 
Doire-Mac-Lachtna, 338. 
Doire-ni-Donnell, 348. 
Doherty, 262. 
Dollardstown, 93. 
Dolphin, 136, 273. 
Domano, 165. 
Domaston, 38. 
Domville, 234. 
Don, 276. 

Donadea, 46, 48, 107, 264. 
Donfort, 253. 
Dongan, 48, 98. 
Donagh, 36. 
Donakernie, 93. 
Donamore, 37. 
Doncannon, 57. 
Dondonnell, 103. 
Dondrome, 244, 257. 
Doneames, 106. 



Donegal, 2, 29, 31, 248, 260, 

262. 

Donell, 300. 
Donelan, 139, 234, 
Donemore, loo. 
Doneraile, 282. 
Donewer, 104, 105. 
Dongalpe, 257. 
Dongarvan, 164. 
Donibroke Castle, 37. 
Don Owen, 32. 
Donmoghan, 4. 
j Donmore, 94. 
Donnelaghs, 33. 
Donnell, 79. 
Donnhiel, 262. 
Donnybrook, 38, 236. 
Donore, 103, 104, 105, 270, 283. 
Donoughmore, 284. 
Donovan (see O'Donovan), 
Doramestown, 95. 
Dormers, 70, 351. 
Dormondus, 66. 
Dorrown, 82. 
Douay, 285. 
Dougan, 253. 
Doughcloyne, 281. 
Dour, 46. 
Dovea, 282. 
Dowalla, 225. 
Dowdall, 5, 96, 98, 99, 231, 

232, 252, 349, 352. 
Dowdingleston, 48. 
Dowdontonne, 5. 
Dowell, 53. 
Dowleck, 91. 
Dowley, 72. 
Dowlin, 252. 
Down, 2, 6, 12, 235, 240, 245, 

260, 265, 266, 271, 285, 296. 
Downelong, 239. 
Downemore, 239. 
Downeshead, 239. 
Downings, The, 50, 252. 
Downshire, 260. 
Downton, 252, 353. 
Dow O'Loyaghe, 88. 
Dowrig, 239. 
Dowstown, 93, 97. 
Dowth, 91, 94, 98, 269. 
Doyle, 265. 

Doyne, 50, 252, 267, 353. 
Dracot, 93. 102, 106, 352. 
Drake, 5, 95, 98, 269. 
Drakerath,95, 9&> 2f >9' 
Drakestown, 5, 94. 
Draper, 91, 234. 
Drew, 278. 



INDEX. 



36? 



Drewscout, 278. 
Drinagh, 62. 
Drishane, 279, 281. 
Drogheda, 3, 46, 90, 239, 240, 243 
Dromahare, 276, 300. 
Dromaleague, 280. 
Dromane, 126, 160, 226. 
Drombar, 96. 
Dromconragh, 99. 
Dromconran, 37. 
Dromehaire, 276. 
Dromes, The, 36. 
Dromgold, 5. 
Dromgoldstoune, 5. 
Dromkeen, 283. 
Dromnagle, 37. 
Dromoland, 272. 
Dromore, 235. 
Dromore, Bishop of, 285. 
Dromore Castle, 280. 
Dromsaurie, 96. 
Drought, 265. 
Drum-tidhneach, 330. 
Drumcar, 263. 
Drumcashell, 4. 
Drumneen, 168. 
Drumsallagh, 283. 
Drumfinnin, 286. 
Drylin, 71, 255. 
Dryneham, 38. 
Duagh nafealla, 282. 
Duagh, 272. 

Dublin, 26, 48, 36, 59, 98, 112, 
232, 262, 263, 264, 287, 298, 

344. 345- 
Dublin, County, 35, 36, 39, 40, 

42, 44, 64, 89, 90, 113, 269, 

280, 298, 299. 

Dublin, Archbishop, 37, 103, 285. 
Dudley, 264. 

Duff, 63, 198,227,256, 258,351 
Duffree, 56, 61. 
Duffrin, 6, 9, II, 36. 
Duggan, 279. 
Dugin, 291. 

Duhallow, 278, 335, 336. 
Duharra, 331. 
Duiske, 69, 266. 
Duleek, 93, 94, 98, 100. 
Dullagan, 6. 
Dullardsto'vn, 269. 
Duna, 279. 

Dunamore, 24, 93, 99. 
Dunamase, 75. 
Dunamond, 273. 
Dunan-Oir, 168. 
Dunas, 78. 
Dunavall, 34. 



Dunbeg, 336. 

Dunboy, 31, 83. 

Dunboyne, 31, 36, 92, 93, 211, 

231, 269, 284, 349. 
Dunbroc, 38. 
Dunbrodie, 57. 
Dunburie, 239. 
Duncanon, 244. 
Duncormack, 6l. 
Duncowig, 167. 
Dundalke, Town, 6, 236, 269. 
Dundanell, no. 
Dundannion, 279. 
Dundeedy, 167. 
Dundermott, 276. 
Dunderrane, 261. 
Dundrum, 12. 
Duneen, 167. 
Dunfirth,*45, 48, 50. 
Dungan, in. 
Dunganmore, 70, 72. 
Dungannon, 27, 223, 224, 250, 

260, 297, 349. 
Dungarberry, 300. 
Dungarestown, 257. 
Dungarvan, 159, 164, 239, 244. 
Dungiven, 249, 262. 
Dungorly, 167. 
Dun-Guaire, 337. 
Dunkellyn, 23, 220. 
Dnnkerron, 168. 
Dunkit, 91. 
Dunlaghlen, 134. 
Dunlockney, 254. 
Dunloe, 280, 350. 
Dunluce, 17. 
Dunmanway, 279, 281. 
Dunmore, 69, 92, 96, 267. 
Dunmow, 100, 106, 107, 269. 
Dunmoylan, 236, 284, 
Dunnangall, 1 68. 
Dunnas, 126. 
Dunne, 79, 80, 263, 267. 
Dunnocks, 48. 
Dunore, (See Donore and 

Donewer) 47, 167. 
Dunowen, 167. 
Dunraven, 283. 
Dunsandle, 274. 
Dunsany, 92, 93, IOI, 231, 269, 

349- 

Dunscombe, 281. 
Dunshaghlin, 37, 93. 
Dunsinane, 281. 
Dunsink, 38. 

Dunsoghly, 38, 90, 99, 263. 
Dunworley, 167. 
Duriforth, 48. 



Durhamstown, 234. 

Durrough, 84. 

Durnam, 13. 

Dyngell, 239. 

Dysart, 79, 85, 105, 267, 270. 

Dyrr, 252. 



Eaghe Lough, u, 12, 13, 18, 

25. 

Earlstown, 255. 
Earne, 29, 122, 144, 148. 
Eastmeath, 120. 
Edenderrie, 82, 233. 
Edenduchar, 18. 
Edenduffcarrick, 1 8, 82, 260. 
Edgeworth, 271. 
Edgeworthstown, 271. 
Egerton, 5. 
Eichter, 232. 
Elfin, 150, 257. 
Elie, 87, 89, 264. 
Eliot, 61, 95, 101, 256. 
Ellis- Flynn, 34. 
Elloghe, 32. 
Emly, 207, 211, 236. 
Enagh, 271. 
Ench, 32. 
Eneas, 50, 289. 
Enfield, 45. 
Englysh, 213. 
Ennis, 210. 
Enps, 50, 289. 
Eniscorthy, 57, 63, 64. 
Ennistymon, 272. 
Erne, 24, 292. 
Erwarde, 95. 
Esherowean, 95. 
Eske, 31. 
Esker, 256. 
Echingham, 62. 
Esmond, 50, 61, 265, 353. 
Essex, ii, 14, 22, 23, 24, 25, 59, 

63. 77, 85, 86, 262, 271, 

97- 

Etherunton, 253. 
Eustace, 39, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 

50, 61, 63, 94, 95, 100, 252, 

253. 265, 349. 
Evaghe, (Neagh) 6, 7, 12. 
Evallo, 257. 
Evans, 284. 
Everard, 66, 95, 163, 2IO, 269, 

29, 349. 352. 356. 
Evers, 43, 93, 94, 97. 
Everson, 254. 
Evrell, 108. 



368 



INDEX. 



Fagan, 38, 254, 263, 348. 

Fahalea, 281. 

Failghe, 81. 

Fainge, 255. 

Fair, 255. 

Faly O'Connors, 85. 

Fanagh, 248. 

Fanne Castle, 30, 31. 

Fanning, 67, 255, 351. 

Farinhamon, 56. 

Farmar, 281. 

Farrell, 231. 

Fasagh, 255. 

Fask, 37. 

Fathrath, 96. 

Fatlock, 161, 350. 

Fawlestoune, 257. 

Fattra Kattra, 239. 

Feara Ceall, 83. 

Feddens, 1 66. 

Feiva, 261. 

Felten, 96. 

Feltrim, 38, 39. 

Fenes, 54- 

Fenton, 92, 245, 349. 

Fercal, 81, 83, 84, 85, 89, 241, 

268. 

Fercuolen, 43. 
Ferderrogh, 36. 
Fermanagh, 2, 24, 2IO, 22O, 

233, 247, 261, 262, 297. 
Fermoy, 169, 171, 225,335,349. 
Fermor, 281. 
Femes, 35, 56, 57, 59, 61, 63, 

235, 236, 244, 253, 256, 266, 

300. 

Ferney, 14, 23, 24, 302. 
Ferrell, 91. 
Ferriter, 192. 
Ferto, II. 
Fertullaghe, 107. 
Fethard, 99, 210, 235, 256, 288. 
Fewes, 3, 19, 21, 23, 36. 
Feydovfle, 93. 
Ffrench, 273. 
Field, 38, 99, 292, 293. 
Fieldstowne, 37. 
Fingall, 46, 268. 
Finglass, 37, 38, 39, 349. 
Finne, 258. 
Finvara, 274. 
Fishmoyne, 284. 
Fitton, 199, 205. 
Fitz Archer, 70. 
Fitz Brian, 253. 
Fitz Bryan. 252. 



Fitz Edmond, 179, 180, 181, 
191, 217, 253. 

Fitz Edward, 70. 

Fitz Garret, 38, 94, 163. 

Fitz Gerald, 40, 45, 46, 47, 48, 
50, 68, 83, 87, 96, 101, 104, 
108, 202, 220, 226, 230, 232, 
252, 253, 254, 255, 266, 270, 
271, 277, 278, 281, 282, 283, 

335- 338. 35o. 352- 
Fitz Gibbon, 197, 335, 336. 
Fitz Harvie, 256. 
Fitz Henrie, 58,59, 349.351,352 
Fitz James, 46, 50, 257. 
Fitz John, 62, 67, 94. 
Fitz Laurence, 70. 
Fitz Maurice, 103, 191, 225, 

282, 349. 
Fitz Neal, 62. 
Fitz Nicholl, 62, 256. 
Fitz Nicholas, 289. 
Fitz Patrick, 67, 79, 80, 267. 349 
Fitzphillips, 49. 
Fitzpiers, 78. 
Fitz Piers, 49, 74. 
Fitz Redmond, 50. 
Fitzsimon, 9, 38, 39, 106, 291, 

293, 302, 342, 348, 352. 
Fitz Theobald, 163. 
Fitz Thomas, 272. 
Fitz Urse, 23. 
Fitz Williams, 39, 93, 349. 
Flain, II. 

Flattesburie, 46, 50, 349. 
Fleming, 4, 5, 48, 94, 95, 96, 

too, 167, 182, 227, 260, 314. 
Flemingston, 94,97, IOI. 
Fleshillstone, 94. 
Flood, 50. 
Foaty, 278. 
Follyot, 73, 74, 351. 
Flower, 267. 
Fount, 39, 47, 273. 
Founteston, 47, 48. 
Fonn lartarach, 280. 
Foord, 101. 
Koordston, IOI. 
Forde, 95. 
Fordston, 95. 
Fore, 90, 102, 103, in. 
Forstall, 67, 69, 71, 255. 
Forstallstown, 255. 
Forster, 69. 
Fortanolan, 51, 52. 
Forth, 55, 56, 60, 253, 256. 
Foster, 38, 101. 
Fotherde, 256. 
Foulkes, 43. 



Foulksrath, 68, 255. 

Fowleing, 93. 

Fox, 45, 81, 84, in, 205, 268 

270. 

Foxville, 84. 
Frame, 96. 
France, 105. 
Frankfort, 284. 
Franstone, 95, 100. 
Frayne, 72, too, 267. 
Freckleton, 12. 
Freerstown, 254. 
Frefans, 96. 
Freghanes, 209. 
French, 61, 133, 272, 273, 276, 

279. 

Frencheston,-97. 
Freyne, 72, 352. 
Freny, 255. 
Frinss, 256. 
Fues, 21, 302. 
Fullerton, 245. 
Furlong, 256, 257, 349, 351. 
Furnaghts, 252. 
Fursetime, 256. 
Fyan, 252. 

Fynn, 25, 29, 30, 33, 254. 
Fynne, 29, 30, 33. 



Gafney, 285. 

Gaille, 276. 

Gainstown, 94. 

Gall, 72, 255, 349. 

Galleystone, 257. 

Gallagh, 274, 277. 

Gall von Bourckh, 73. 

Gallgath, 95. 

Gallin, 36. 

Gallocar, 32. 

Galloways, 183. 

Gallstown, 72, 255. 

Galmoweston, 96. 

Galmoy, 69, 255, 266. 

Galtrim, 91, 92,95,96, 232,349. 

Galtrom, 291. 

Galway, County, 69, 123, 125, 
130, 141, 150, 183, 226, 238, 
240, 241, 267, 270, 272, 273, 
7.74, 300. 

Galway Town, 125, 131, 138, 

'39, 279- 
Galwey, 290, 351. 
Gardenmorris, 69, 267. 
Gareston, 39. 
Garesinotte, 259. . 
Garisker, 252, 253. _/;.. .. 

Garland, 4, 5, 95. . 



INDEX. 



369 



Garlondstonne, 5. 

Garnegall, 32. 

Garrard, 66. 

Garreden, 257. 

Garrendenny, 266. 

Garrenusky, 258. 

Garretstown, 283. 

Garrevadden, 257. 

Garry castle, 8 1, 83. 

Garryhill, 51, 53, 54. 

Garryhundon, 265. 

Garrymusky, 58. 

Garve, 31. 

Garvey, 95, 167. 

Gavin, 206. 

Gavel Rannal, 302. 

Geashill, 75. 

Geere, 254, 258. 

Gellouse, 93. 

Gelloustone, 93. 

Gelston, 274. 

Gentestowne, 257. 

Geoghegan, 261. 

Geradstowii, 93. 

Geraldines, 45, 49, 71, 101, 
160, 162, 171, 197, 205, 

Gerardstown, 269. 

Gerlone, 5, 349. 

Gerlonstown, 97. 
Gernon, 4, 98, 260,349. 
Gernonstown, 4, 94, 260. 
Gerrot, 9, 166, 290. 
Geer, 258. 
Gertrough, 284. 
Gibbonston, 106. 
Gibston, 95, 96. 
Gilford, 49. 
Gilagh, 95. 
Gilliglas, 50. 
Gillrauston, 92. 
Gillston, 95. 
Gilltown, 265. 
Glanarme, 15, 16, 18. 
Glanarought, 1 68. 
Glancarvell, 24. 
Glancomkeyne, 250. 
Glandeboy, 9. 
Glandelagh, 235. 
Glandilore, 36. 
Glandore, 168, 236. 
Glanemagh, 239. 
Glanfyne, 248. 
Glanomera, 283. 
Glaskarge, 258. 
Glasscarrig, 56, 62. 
Glasse, 86. 
Glassepistell, 4, 5. 
Glean-an-Chroim, 279. 



104, 
291. 



Gleann, 168, 335. 

Glencarra, 277. 

Glencolumkille, 272. 

Glencorbraighe, 331. 

Glenflesk, 278, 282. 

Glengall, 165, 284. 

Glenmalure, 40, 45. 

Glenmore, 276. 

Gleveckloan, 96. 

Glin, 53, 59, 283. 

Glinsk, 273. 

Glometnore, 7. 

Glynnes, The, 13, 15, 17, 18, 42, 
250, 261. 

Godolphin, 245. 

Golding, 38, 48, 95, 106. 

Golmoorstown, 48. 

Goodall, 96. 

Goodman, 39, 151. 

Goorte, 134. 

Gorchins, 61. 

Gore, 263, 266. 

Gorey, 63. 

Gormagan, 254. 

Gormanstone, 92, 93, 94, 225, 
226, 268, 349 

Gortenacuppoge, 273. 

Gorst, 253. 
Gort, Viscount, 284. 
Gortgrenane, 281. 
Gortineeher, 280. 

Gortnamona, 268. 

Gortrassy, 276. 

Gorvey, 94. 

Gough, 164, 350. 

Gould, 167, 182, 183, 279, 29!. 

Goulding, 253. 

Gowlding, 94. 

Gowran, 66, 67, 71, 254. 

,, Grange, 267. 
Grace, 67, 70, 226, 254, 255, 
266, 349. 
ragene, 256. 
Gragrobben, 257. 
"ranahan, 272. 
Granard, 114, 261. 
range, The, 5, 38, 39, 48, 253, 
283. 

range Castle, 72. 
rangowin, 255. 
Grant, 72, 162, 164, 167, 255, 

277, 289. 
Grantstown, 267. 
~ratk crock, 58. 
Gratz, 162. 
Graves, 73. 
Graye, 62. 
Greame, 48, 49, 252. 



Great Fornaughts, 265. 
Great Ardes, II, 12. 
Green-Castle, 12, 31, 32. 
Greenfields, 185. 
Greenore, 60. 
Grehan, 72, 280. 
Grenan, 68. 
Grenanstown, 269, 284. 
Greville, 270. 
Grey, 194. 
Griphy, 292. 
Grogan, 261. 
Growe, 254. 
Growgane, 256. 
Gruanfort, 254. 
Guatemala, 162. 
Guillamore, 283. 
Gun, 283. 

Gurteen, 254, 255, 277. 
Guy re, 91, 352. 
Gwery, 258. 
Gyanan, 289. 
Gybbes, 66. 

H 

Hacket, 38, 352. 

Hacketstown, 164. 

Hacklee, III. 

Hadsor, 5. 

Hagans, 21, 24, 26. 

Hah. (Howth?) 238. 

Hacket. 66. 

Hall, the, 256. 

Halvestown, 252. 

Haly, 197, 284, 289, 290. 

Hambige, 94. 

Hamill, 344. 

Hamilton, 10, II, 271, 350. 

Hamlin, 38, 94, IOI, 290, 291. 

Hammondstown. 260. 

Hamon, 91,94, III, 352. 

Hane, 256. 

Harberston, 48, 99, 252. 

Hardwell, 48. 

Harman, 253. 

Hare, 256, 257. 

Harestown, 256. 

Harperstown, 62, 266. 

Harpole, 53, 350. 

Harpoole, 78, 79, 253. 

Harrington, 37, 43, 45, 48, 76, 

245' 35- 
Hartpoole, 253. 
Hartley Mauduit, 263. 
Harvey. 93, IO2. 
Haskinston, in. 
Hasquin, 252. 
rlasson, 62. 



370 



INDEX. 



llatton, 94, 185. 

Hauberston, 253. 

Havens, 238. 

Howlet, 48. 

Hay, 59. 

I lea, 256. 

Headborough, 281. 

Heath, 

Hegan, 208. 

Herbert, 43, 48, 82, 269. 

Herbertstown, 93. 

Herford, 67. 

Hetherington, 79. 

Hewitt, 39. 

Hickie, 271. 

Hickson, 283. 

Hide, 93. 

Higgins, 275. 

Higgs, 252. 

Hi-Kinselagh, 63. 

Hill, 94, 95, 100, 266. 

Hill's Court, 282. 

Hillswood, 274. 

Hinch The, 39. 

Hoar, 256, 257. 

Hodnett, 269. 

Hogan, 208, 283. 

Holde, 94. 

Holdhall, 257. 

Holicrosse, 211. 

Holywood, 28, 93, 285, 

290 

Holme-Patrick, 37. 
Holmpatrick, 38, 239. 
Holstein, 73. 
Hoodgrove, 71. 
Hooke, 59, 61, 164. 
Hoorton, 59. 
Hops, 104. 
Hore, 62, 164, 266. 
Horsfall, 235. 
Hovendon, 79. 

Captain, 22. 
Howel, 67. 
Howling, 67, 255. 
Howth, i, 37, 92, 97, 227, 

272, 349- 
Hughstown, 277. 
Hullen, 91. 
Humble, 277. 
Huntingdon, 277. 
Huntstown, 38. 
Hurlestone, 5. 
Hurley, 201, 283, 352. 
Hussey.95,96, 99, 232, 282 
Huysceethy, 54. 
Hyde, 281. 
Hyde Park, 107. 



Hy-Many, 274. 

Ibaun, 224. 
i Iberton, 255. 
! Ibrackan, 221. 

Ichers, 93. 

Ida, 255. 

Idrone, 51, 64, 253. 
, Idough, 54, 71, 255. 

Igroin, 255. 

Ikethy, 252. 

Ila, 30. 

Hand Castle, 109. 

Hand Magie, 13, 14. 

Ildefonse, 162. 

Illanstrassock, 258. 

Imokillie, 179. 

Inch, 284. 

Inchequin, 126, 127, 228, 272, 

349- 

Inchy O'Fogarty, 284. 
Ingland, 148, 152. 
Inisbafin, 238. 
Inishannon, 167. 
Inishowen, 32, 263, 337. 
Iniskillen, 25, 227, 248. 
Inistiuge, 66, 67, 68. 
Inniscoe, 275. 
Inniskae, 239. 
286, f Inver, 238. 

lonoclestowne, 256. 

Iregan, 79. 

Ireland's Eye, 36. 

Iriell, 23. 

Irish Exiles, 341. 

Irishtown, 95, 96. 

Itchinghane, 256. 

Isham, 62. 

Isle of Wight, 280. 

Iveragh, 168. 

Ivers, 94, 95, 97. 

Jacob, 252. 
263, j Jacobus, St., 99. 
I Jamestown, 270. 
j Jansenius, 286. 
i Jenkinstown, 266. 
Jephson, 43. 
j Jesucellin, 92. 
Jesuits, 290, 295, 340, 348. 
Jobston, 38. 

I Johnston, 46, 50, 61, 100, 351. 
352 ' Johnstown, 265, 275. 

Jones, 91, 97, 103, 233, 234, 

244, 269, 352. 
i Jordan, 9, 38, 205, 275. 



Jordanstown, 93, 96. 
Jura, 30. 

K 

Kalbally, 239. 
Karne The, 104. 
Karron, 67. 
Kavanagh, (see Cavanagh) 41, 

62, 67, 76, 253, 254, 256, 265. 
Kealy, 66. 

Kearney, 268, 283, 284, 352. 
Keating, 50, 52, 60, 96, 256, 

257, 266, 288. 
Keelan-a-long, 88. 
Keenan, 236. 
Kell, 67. 
Kellis, 13, 14. 
Kells, 90, 91, 101, 255. 
Kelly, 223, 252, 274, 276, 277, 

287, 288. 

Kenmare, 279, 280, 282. 
Kenna, 252. 
Kennadies, 212. 
Kenny, 235, 266. 
Kent, 60, 93, 94, 99. 
Keogh, 283. 
Keppoch, 5, 39. 
Keranston, 96. 
Kerlis, 255. 
Kerovan, 237. 
Kerry, 156, 167, 170, 187, 195 

240, 263, 271, 278, 280, 282, 

284. 

Kerrycurrihy, 167, 280. 
Keudagh, 279. 
Kidderminster, 233. 
Kieran, St., 99. 
Kieran, 390. 
Kierie, 239. 
Kilamonine, 254. 
Kilary, 255. 
Kilayne, 254. 
Kilballyowen, 283. 
Kilbeggan, 38, 104. 
Kilberagha, 255. 
Kilboy, 94. 
Kilbracan, 253. 
Kilbreede, 254. 
Kilbrew, 93, 94, 99. 
Kilbride, 94, 95, 97, 107, 258, 

283. 

Kilbrogan, 281. 
Kilcarne, 93, 99. 
Kilcaskan, 281. 
Kilcashe, 284. 
Kilclogher, 57, 239, 266. 
Kilcoan, 266. 
Kilconelin, 56. 



INDEX. 



371 



Kilconnell, 135. 

Kilconyney, 253. 

Kilcorney, 271. 

Kilcoursey, 84, 268, 282. 

Kilcowan, 60. 

Kilcullen, 44, 226, 230. 

Kildalkey, 96. 

Kildare, 35, 36, 41, 44, 45, 49, 

51, 61, 81, 82, 96, 106, 112, 

231, 240, 252. 
Kildare, Town, 44, 65, 66, 70, 

72, 73, 241, 252, 260, 261, 

264, 265, 328. 

Kildare, Earl, 217, 252, 264,349. 
Kildare, Bishop of 81, 235, 265, 

286. 

Kildergan, 74. 
Kildowdy, 258. 
Kildrought, 252. 
Kilfeacle, 215. 
Kilfeneraghe, 125. 
Kilferagh, 69, 255. 
Kilgholm, 239. 
Kilgorey, 279. 
Kilgrage, 101. 
Kilgreany, 253. 
Kilheele, 48, 252. 
Kilhobock, 56. 
Kilhussey, 48. 
Kilkallatin, 254. 
Kilkea, 245. 
Kilkele, 239. 
Kilkenny, Co. 56, 207, 208, 240, 

254, 266, 267, 277, 284. 
Kilkenny City, 67, 70, 98, 254, 

289. 

Kilkenny, West, 99, IO2, 104. 
Kilkevan, 256. 
Kilkerell, 255. 
Kilkregan, 254, 255. 
Kilkullin, 253. 
Killagh, 274. 
Killagher, 282. 
Killala, 237. 
Killaloe, Bishop of 115, 236, 

237, 271, 274,284, 286. 
Killalon, III. 
Killany, 5, 264. 
Killare, 104. 
Killarie, 94. 
Killasonna, 270. 
Killa, 280. 
Killaughe, 106. 
Killconkey, 256. 
Killcowlen, 259. 
Killeen, 105, 268, 269, 349. 
Killeglan, 38, 93. 
Killegagre, 38. 



Killeigh, 75. 

Killelongart, 254. 

Kill el ton, 271. 

Killen, 252. 

Killenan, 103, 107. 

Killencowle, 260. 

Killenfaghney, 104. 

Killenkillie, 239. 

Killensu, 257. 

Killeon, 103. 

Killerghe, 38. 

Killester, 38. 

Killglass, 144. 

Killian, 256. 

Killineighnan, 95. 

Killinessan, 95. 

Killiney, 283. 

Killmanahan, 257. 

Killmehell, 258. 

Killmurry, 283. 

Killnehell, 258. 

Killollegha, 255. 

Killoncowle, 5. 

Killough, 260. 

Killoutry, 2. 

Killovany, 257. 

Killovven, 283. 

Killpatrick, 258. 

Killred, 255. 

Killrowe, 93. 

Killta, 253. 

Killtymen, 258. 

Killua, 282. 

Killuber, 104. 

Killulto, 2, 7, 8, u, 28. 

Killyan, 62, 233, 265. 

Killyen, 93. 

Killymore, 274. 

Kilm, 165. 

Kilrnacduagh, 131,237, 287. 

Kilmacoole, 98. 

Kilmadin, 165, 166. 

Kilmaine, 275- 

Kilmainham, 348. 

Kilmaledie, 85. 

Kilmallock, 107, 229, 279, 283, 

332. 

Kilmanahim Castle, 165. 
Kilmannaigh, 257. 
Kilmarocke, 37. 
Kilmarton, loo. 
Kilmerrish, 31. 
Kilmlapock, 253. 
Kilmodalin, 226. 
Kilmodally, 255. 
Kilmore, 38, 63, 121, 235, 285, 

287. 
Kilmorey 260. 



Kilmac Thomas, 165. 
Kilmurry, 277. 
Kilnacrott, 271. 
Kil O'Donnel,3l. 
Kilree, 253, 255. 
Kilrmdony, 255. 
Kilruane, 270. 
Kilruddery, 264. 
Kilrue, 269. 
Kilshany, 168. 
Kilshaughlin, 37. 
Kilsheshane, 215. 
Kilshrewly, 271. 
Kilskeagh, 273. 
Kilsoghlie, 39. 
Kiltannon, 272. 
Kilternan, 289. 
Kiltimon, 263, 281. 
Kiltober, 107. 
Kiltulla, 273. 
KiltuIIagh, 273. 
Kilulto, 6, 7, II. 
Kilune, 48. 
Kilvashlan, 62. 
Kilwarlin, 2, 6, 8. 
Kilwarten, 8. 
Kilwinny, 278. 
Kilworth, 281. 
Kinalea, 85. 
Kinaleaghe, 270. 
Kinalewarten, 6, 8. 
Kinalmeaky, 278. 
Kincleartie, 8. 
Kinel-Connel, 34. 
Kinel-Owen, 260. 
Kindellane, 95. 
King, 38, 96, 277, 350. 
King's County, 35, 44, 76, 77, 
78, 81, 83, 84, 86, 87, 88, 90, 

92, 102, 240, 241, 268. 
Kingsland, 37, 270. 
Kingston, 277. 
Kingstown, 83, 98. 
Kinnafad, 92. 
Kinnalmeaky, 168. 
Kinnals, 167. 
Kinsale, I, 171, 229, 233, 238, 

278, 281, 349. 
Kinsellagh, 56, 57, 61. 
Kinvarre, 239. 
Kirwan, 271, 273, 274. 
Kissak, 38. 
Kirvarlin, 6. 
Knapton, 267. 
Knaresborough, 66, 72. 
Knight, 233. 
Knightstown, 269. 
Knock Abbey, 271. 



372 



INDEX. 



Knockconor, 99. 

Knockcosger, 104. 

Knocke, 95, 101. 

Knocklough, 

Knockfergus Bay, 6, II, 38, 

244. 

Knock la Glynche, 34. 
Knocklig, 201. 
Knocklofty, 165. 
Knockmarke, 95. 
Knock moan, 166. 
Knockmoella, 255. 
Knocknagur, 273. 
Knockscur, 253. 
Knocktopher, 67, 69, 255. 
Knockyngen, 38. 
Kowlungiste, 259. 
Kyan, 262. 
Kylbrowe, loo. 
Kyledonoghoue Killy, 72. 
Kyllyne, 92. 
Kylmorry, 252. 



Laccagh, 252. 

Lacie, 67, 200, 205, 257, 330. 

Lade, 15. 

Ladie Rath, 94. 

Laffan, 61, 350. 

Laffer, 25. 

Lalor, 80, 267, 286. 

Lambay, 36, 239. 

Lambert, 57, 60, 73, 74, 245, 

266, 271, 350. 
Lanan, 31. 
Lanesborough, 276. 
Landsdowne, 282. 
Langton, 66, 7 1 , 72, 287, 321.35' 
Laragh, 47, 50, 104, 107. 
Larha, 274. 
Larne, 15, 18. 
Laspelston, 39. 
Latin, 286, 252. 
Laughanston, 39. 
Lawless, 66, 72. 
Lawrence, 274. 
Lea, 42, 43, 49, 50, 163. 
Leamlara, 278. 
Leap, The 168. 

Leas or Lees, 163, 289, 292, 293. 
Lease, 78. 
Leath, 163. 
Leaugh, 253. 
Lecagh Castle, 45, 47. 
Leek, 39. 
Lechaell, 8, 9. 

Ledwich, 72,95, 101,110,352. 
Lee, 45, 46, 93, too, 284. 



Lefallyan, 254. 

Leganlic, 261. 

Leigh, 12. 

Leighlin, 51, 52, 53, 234, 244, 

253. 256. 

Leinerocke, 53, 122. 
Leinich, 290, 344. 
Leins, 96. 
Leinster, 3, 46, 135, 235, 236, 

264, 271, 298, 302, 304, 325, 

327; 

Leipsig, 73. 

Leitrim, 2, 24, 1 13, I2O, 123, 134, 

147, 266, 276, 277, 300, 303. 
Leix, 74, 75, 76, 78, 79, So, 86, 

231, 267, 328. 
Lemavadie, 249. 
Lemonfield, 274. 
Leixlip, 44, 48, 49, 252, 265. 
Lenough, 34. 
Lenan, 290. 
Lenigan, 281. 
Lentaigne, 161, 169. 
Le Poer, 72. 
Lescartan, 94, 95, 100. 
Lesmollen, 91. 93, 97. 99. 
Lettybrook, 265. 
Leverough, 36. 
Leweston, 62. 
Lewin, 272. 
Lewis, 62. 

I Lexnaw, 190, 191, 230. 
Ley, 66, 244, 246, 257. 
Leyn, 254. 
Licianstown, 93. 
Lickdowne, 201. 
Liegan, 226. 
Lifter, 25, 30, 31, 32, 249, 250, 

262. 

Lighe, 79- 
Limerick, Co., 125, 156, 158, 

169, 1 88, 196, 216, 229, 234, 

241, 244, 274, 278, 283, 286. 
Limerick Cittie, 196, 283, 284, 

289, 300. 

Limevadie, 28, 89. 
Linch, 39, 95, 96, 101, 132,235, 

274, 275, 291. 
Lincol, 289. 
Lingstown, 58. 
Lington, 18. 
Liscarrol, 225. 
Liscarton, 92. 
Lisheens, 279, 281. 
Lislee, 278, 279. 
Lismain, 68. 
Lismallon, 284. 
Lismore, 158, 159, 166, 233. 



Lismoyne, 104. 
Lismoyny, 83. 
Lisnabin, 264. 
Lisnawilly, 264. 
Lisnegan. 278. 
Lisquinlan, 278, 281. 
Lisregghan, 274. 
Lissadill, 266. 
Lissinuskie, 85. 
Lister. 

Listrange, 152. 
Lisurgh, 257. 
Little, 266. 
Little Cappoth, 252. 
Little Frefan, 95. 
Little Island, 267, 277. 
Little Rath, 252. 
Lixnaw, 190, 191, 349. 
Lobenstone, 94. 
Lock, 39. 

Loch Gorman, 303. 
Lodi, 282. 

Loftus, 37,43,50, 57,79, 256,264 
Logh, 58. 
Loghbracon, 94. 
Loghgiel, 261. 
Loghmoe, 212, 289. 
Loghtie, 23. 
Loghuen, 239. 

Lombard, 164, 166, 285, 291. 
Londonderry, 262. 
Long, 46, 167, 252. 
Longneld, 300. 

Longford, 89, 90, 102, 113, 116, 
148, 149, 231, 240, 267, 270, 

271. 

Lords passing, 217, 349. 
Lorknan, 67. 
Lota, 279. 

Lougharlachnought, 108. 
Loughbrickland, 265. 
Loughcrey, 96. 
Lough Earne, 297. 
Lougherne, 24 
Loughfoyle, 230, 238. 
Loughmey, (see Loghmoe) 216. 
Loughglynne, 275, 276. 
Loughgoure, 93. 
Lough Hyne, 168. 
Loughrowe, 24. 
Loughshearnes, 213. 
Loughsv/illy, 239. 
Louth, 2, 3, 5, 24, 33, 88, 90, 

94, 98, 100, 231, 232, 240, 

260, 271, 296, 349. 
Loughton, 39. 
Loughty, 23. 
Louvain, 162, 286, 



INDEX. 



373 



Lovell, 72. 

Lowgrange, 69. 

Lowyston, 68. 

Loynes, 97. 

Lucan, 37, 50, 100, 262, 275. 

Luffane, 257. 

Lamaigh, 258. 

Lurgan Rac, 233. 

Luske, 36. 

Lusmagh, 83. 

Luston, 93. 

Luttrell, 39, 95, 97, 98, 105, 263. 

Luttrelstone,37,39, 105, 263, 349 

Lye, 66, 252. 

Lyle, 279. 

Lynam, 95, 96. 

Lyons, 46, 48, 107, 234, 236. 

Lyrath, 254. 

Lysaght, 279. 

Lystmayne, 256. 

Lyster, 71. 

Lysterfield, 277. 

M 

McAdam, (Barry) 183, 278. 
McAdin, 277. 
McAlexander, 80. 
McAndrew, 194. 
McAronlhy, 16. 

McArte, 7, 8, 19, 24, 34, 250, 257. 
McArtmore, 259. 
McAtagart, 279. 
McAuly ioo, 102, 104, 108, 

no, 128 167, 169, 176, 270. 
McAwliffe, 169, 176, 177, 279. 
McAwnly, 16. 
McBardill, 285, 287. 
McBaron, 23, 34, 251, 322. 
McBrady, 118, 120. 
McBrane, 257, 258, 259. 
McBrasil, 136. 
McBrenan, 151. 
McBrene, 257, 258, 259. 
McBrian, II, 13, 34, 88, 145, 

157, 194, 201, 212, 253, 331. 
McCabe, 247. 

McCahir, 32, 53, 63, 258, 259. 
McCann, 20, 251. 261. 
McCanna, 261. 
McCanny, 205. 
McCarnock, 16. 
McCarr, 258. 
McCartar,, 8. 
McCarthy, 8, 157, 158, 160, 168, 

178, 183, 185, 187, 194, 195. 

201, 205, 219, 221, 222, 225, 
229, 230, 239, 278, 279, 280, 

283. 335, 35- 



McCawell, 102, 253, 297. 
McCawer, 53. 
McClanchy, 125, 126, 127, 

129, 130, 149, 199, 205, 206, 

300, 338. 
McCleyne, 27. 
McClintock, 263. 
McClosky, 249. 
McCnavin, 139. 
McCochlan, 35, 81, 82, 83, III, 

112, 132, 213, 268. 
McCogh, 152. 
McConmea, 124. 
McConnell, 15, 16, 31, 32. 
McConnor, 124, 127. 
McConsidine, 127. 
McCoolechan, 6, 139. 
McCooly, 24. 
McCorcran, 87. 
McCorman, 193. 
McCormac, 177, 178, 182, 186, 

194, 258. 
McCostilagh, 140, 141, 232, 

275- 

McCotter, 279. 
McCragh, 127, 163, 206, 208, 

215, 233, 234, 286, 288. 
McCreen, 258. 
McCrohan, 168, 194. 
McCrossan, 193, 282. 
McCrylly, 283. 
McCual, 285. 
McCullenan, 231. 
McDa, 206. 
McDamore, 56, 63. 
McDarig, 258. 
McDavy, 135, 153, 155. 
McDermond, 155, 157, 174. 
McDermot, 56, 123, 144, 150, 

IS'. '53, 254, 257, 258, 

276. 

McDongonry, 31. 
McDonnell, 15, 16, 17, 26, 34, 

43, 79, 80, 85, 115, 124, 138, 

170, 183, 194, 254, 257, 258, 

259, 261, 337. 
McDonogh, 139, 144, 145, 157, 

167, 168, 169, 174, 178, 209, 

223, 225, 254, 256, 258, 337, 

338, 35- 
McDonoghoe, 72. 
McDonologe, 32. 
McDowny, 136. 
McDuff, 32. 
McDuilechan, 6. 
McDurlaigh, 258. 
McEae, 206. 
McEdmond, 36, 70, 115, 135, 



'3 6 , '5', "54, 'S3, '9', 257, 

258, 259. 
McEdward, 43. 
McEf, 258, 259. 

McEgan, 28, 208, 214, 215, 284. 
McElligott, 190, 191, 193, 236. 
McEnaw, 147. 
McEnery, 125. 
McEnn, 257. 
McEnroe, 118. 
McErydry, 143. 
McEvally, 29. 
McEvilly, 138, 143. 
McEvoy, 80, 96. 
McFeagh, 40, 63, 64, 78. 
McFirbis, 147. 
McFollan, 132. 
McFun, 190. 
McFynyn, 125, 177, 187, 188, 

190, 192, 194. 
McGagh, 157, 193. 
McGarrett, 154, 166, 206, 253, 

254, 258, 259. 
McGauran, 121, 285. 
McGenis, 6, 7, 8, 13, 19, 33, 34, 

80, 257, 258, 259, 260. 
McGeoghagan, 83, 104, 107, 

108, 109, 112, 270. 
McGibbon, 144. 
McGie, 13. 
McGilfoyle, 87, 215. 
McGillapatrick, 35, 74, 76, 79, 

33- 

McGillegan, 249, 297. 
McGillicuddy, 168, 187, 190, 193, 

236, 282. 

McGillo-Newlan, 177. 
McGlane, 148. 

McGranel, 147, 149, 276, 300. 
McGray, 190. 
McGuire, 23, 24, 25, 33, 121. 

148, 247, 262, 319, 322, 323. 
McGuyvelin, 31. 
McGyleragh, 127. 
McHenrick, 163. 
McHenry, 21, 23, 34, 135, 191, 

251. 

McHubberd, 54, 136. 
McHubert, 338. 
McHugh, 8, 17, 18, 36, 39, 42, 

"5, 137, I55,254. 
McHugh Duff, 31, 33. 
Mcl-Brian-Arra, 88, 207, 208, 

214, 284. 

Mcjordan, 140, 141, 143, 275. 
McKay, 1 6. 
McKeen, 258. 
McKenee, 258. 



i74 



INDEX. 



McKenna, 322. 

McKeon, 16. 

McKeough, 205. 

McKerra, (Castle) 143. 

McKilkelly, 136. 

McKowge, 136. 

McKowlse, 259. 

McLaffan, 61. 

McLisagh, 258. 

McLoghlin, 32, 124, 125, 147, 
300. 

McMahon, 3, 20, 23, 24, 33, 34, 
87, 121, 124, 125, 126, 128, 
206, 231, 257, 271, 272, 285, 

336. 338, 35'- 
McMajoke, 163. 
McMalachlin, 259. 
McManus, 31, 1514 
McMaurice, (McMorris) 50, 57, 

140, 193, 225, 230, 253, 282, 

335. 349- 
McMawen, 257> 
McMiertagh, 257, 258. 
McMoigh, 257. 
KcMorghe, 206. 
McMoriartagh, 157, 190, 191, 

194, 257. 
McMoragh, 45, 52, 53, 54, 62, 

65, 127, 128, 254, 257, 258. 
McMorris, 140, 143. 
McMortogh, 42, 253. 
McMoussoge, 258. 
McMoyler, 135. 
McMulmurry, 206. 
McMurry, 147. 
McNachton, 261. 
McNamara, 124, 130, 222, 271, 

272, 288, 336. 
McNeill, 7, 8, n, 18, 21. 
McNygel, 16. 
McOdo, 167. 
McO'Nulles, 13. 
McOwen, 182, 194. 
McOyn, 257, 258. 
McPhadden, 140. 
McPhelim, n, 13, 258. 
McPherson, 259. 
McPhilip, 206. 
McPhilpin, 144. 
McQuillin, 13, 17, 31. 
McRedmond, 135, 136. 
McRicard, 206. 
McRichard, 253. 
McRory, 8, 74, 124, 256. 
McRoss, 258. 
McShane, 34, 135, 167, 190, 191, 

254. 258. 
McShanery, 125. 



McShcehy, 183, 191, 194, 199, 

204, 206. 
McShemes, 259. 
McShemon, 258. 
McSheron, 254. 
McShida, 125. 
McSimon, 254. 
McSleyne, 27, 148. 
McSureton, 232. 
McSurley, 15, 17, 34. 
McSwiny, 29, 32, 33, 34, 127, 

I35> 136, 144' '45' '48, 151. 

'55, '57, 158, 173, 175, '77, 

178, 1 86, 248, 279. 
McTeg, 125, 145, 157, 167, 168, 

>73' '74, '75' '78' 185, 193, 

253' 257- 
McTelligh, 121. 
McTerlagh, 34, 121, 144, 190, 

25I- 

McTernan, 147. 

McThomas, 137, 138, 206, 258. 
McThomyne, 135, 144. 
McTibbot, 137. 
McTighe, 206, 
McTowaltagh, 151. 
McUlick, 190, 191. 
McVadin, 146. 
McVadock, 56, 63. 
McWalter, 88, 135. 
McWilliam, 29, 34, 123, 132, 

140, 141, 275, 308, 338. 
Me y Gilles, 16. 
McYllrem, 258. 
McYnnes, 13, 258, 259. 
Macetown, 93. 
Machill, 66. 
Macroom, 185. 
Madden, 72, 161, 163, 274. 
Magheraleny, 145. 
Magheramorne, 58, 
Magh Rein, 276. 
Maglass, 256. 
Magner, 179. 
Magonitry, 187. 

Malahide, 37, 38, 106, 238, 263. 
Malbie, 113, 115, 150, 154, 173. 
Mallefort, 182, 183. 
Mallow, 171, 183, 186,281, 282, 

334- 

Malone, in, 291. 
Mandeville, 10, 162, 163, 277. 
Mang, 187. 
Mangen, 39. 
Manglisse, 259. 
Mannering, 254. 
Mansfield, 265, 277. 
Mantua, 266. 



Mantilla, 275. 
Mape, 95, 101. 
Mape-Rath, 95, 101. 
I Mapston, 101. 
! Marble Hill, 273. 
Marchell, 66. 
Margue, 167. 
Marinel, 210. 
Mariner, 208. 
Markhanij 85, 102. 
Marranston, 102. 
Marshall, 66. 

Marshalstown, 95, 209, 259. 
Martel, 182, 352. 
Martelston, 182. 
Martin, 133, 137, 274. 
] Marwarde, 232. 
Mary's Abbey, 348. 
Maryborough, 75, 78, 244, 327. 
Mason, 39. 
Mastersone, 50, 56, 57, 64, 228, 

253, 256, 350. 
Mastoston, 94. 
Matthews, 285, 352. 
Mattel, 34. 

Mayler, (see Meyler) 61. 
Mayne, IIO, 187, 188, 259. 
Maynooth, 44, 260. 
Mayo, 123, 140, 144, 150, 237, 

240, 273, 274, 275, 277, 300. 
Meade, 167, 279. 
Meaghe, 171, 182, 183, 197. 
Meagher, 209. 
Measton, 93. 
Meath, I, 2, 35, 36, 44, 46, 89, 

92, 93. 94, 95, 02, I0 4> '6, 

234, 237, 240, 241, 244, 268, 

33, 328. 
Meehan, 287. 
Meelick, 274. 
Melaghe, 53. 
Melans, 250. 
Meleck, 104. 
Meleeke, 134. 
Mellefont, 260. 
Menlo, 133, 272. 
Menrice, 32. 
Meredith, 265. 
Merlinstown, 4. 
Merrifield, 163. 
Merriman, 5- 
Merrion, 37, 38. 
Meskill, 182. 
Mey, 94. 
Meylaughe, 92. 
Meyler, (and Mayler) 58, 6 1, 

164, 165, 227, 257. 
Meynlagh, 145. 



INDEX. 



375 



Meyres, 252. 

Michmore, 95. 

Middlethird, 2O. 

Middleton, 194. 

Milborne, 42. 

Milltown, 135, 277. 

Milton, 103, 109, 1 10, 255, 276. 

Misset, 16, 48, 95, 96, too. 

Mitchellstown, 94. 

Moat Farrell, 114. 

Mocollop, 165. 

Mockler, 208, 209, 215. 

Mocklerstown, 215. 

Moetullen, 130. 

Mogangolic, 58. 

Moghenees, 126. 

Moglass, 215. 

Mohearnain, 284. 

Mohill, 277. 

Moghoony, 127. 

Molahae, 99, 

Mollenlyeth, 109. 

Mollinmighan, 103, 1 10. 

Molyneux, 264. 

Molony, 272. 

Monaghan, 2, 3, 23, 24, 120, 

241, 261, 262, 296. 
Monalstrum, 257. 
Monasterevan, 36, 45, 75. 
Monaster Orys, 82. 
Moncell, 215. 
Moncktown, 37. 
Monclough, 257. 
Moneanimie, 278. 
Moneycrower^ 275. 
Monganagh, 248. 
Monganestone, 259. 
Mongaroe, 258. 
Monilea, 107. 
Monivea, 133, 273. 
Monkstown, 167. 
Monroe Lististy, 215. 
Montaghs, 300. 
Montauban, 274. 
Montgomerie, II, 234; 350. 
Montpellier, 279. 
Monyvilleog, 58. 
Moone, 253. 
Mooney, 50. 
Moore, 4, 5, 82,85, 91, 94, 95, 

96, 101, in, 194, 233, 245, 

260, 274, 281, 283. 
Moore Abbey, 260. 
Mooreston, 100. 
Mor, 258, 259. 
Moran, 287. 

More, 85, 168, 292, 301, 390, 350 
Morenstown, 95, 101. 



Moreton, 38, 48, 99, 105, 106, 

269. 

Moretown, 208, 252. 
Morett, 75, 79. 
Morgan, 50, r52, 163, 164, 261, 

291, 292. 
Moriarty. 188. 
Morlow, 96. 
Morne Park, 260. 
Mornigane, 190. 
Mornin, 105, 114, 115, 270, 

271. 

Mornington, 228, 264, 265. 
Morphue, 254. 
Morres, 68. 

Morrice, 133, 194, 288; 
Morris, 268. 

Morristown Lattin, 265, 277. 
Morrough, 254. 
Morska, 275. 
Morty, 291. 
Moryson, 102, 245. 
Mostyne, 129. 
Moteing, 67. 
Mothell, 255. 
Mothinsey, 43. 
Moumecloigh, 258. 
Mouncktown, 93. 
Mounsell, 67. 
Mount Bellew, 260; 
Mountgarret, 56, 61, 62, 64, 67, 

69, 72, 73. 2I2 , 226, 254, 266, 

335, 349- 

Mount Hawk, 284. 
Mountjoy, 75, 77, 249. 
Mount Leinster, 60. 
Mountmorris, 284. 
Mountnorth, 279. 
Mount Palles, 263. 
Mount Pleasant, 268. 
Mount Talbot, 263. 
Moumey, 6. 
Moville, 32. 
Mowberry, 15. 
Moy, 145. 
Moyagher, 96. 
Moyaliffe, 212. 
Moyartagh, 129. 
Moycarkey, 209. 
Moyashal, 108. 

Moycashiel, 83, 104, 107, 109. 
Moycullen, 137. 
Moygare, 92. 
Moygarry, 145. 
Moyglare, 49, 95, 96, 228. 
Moygare, 92. 
Moyhill, 253, 254. 
Moylagh, 96, 97, 99. 



Moylaghoo, 96. 

Moyle, 24. 

Moybury, 153. 

Moylehussey, 95, in. 

Moymmer, 258. 

Moymet, 92, 94, 99. 

Moyna, 275. 

Moynally, 50. 

Moyne, 144, 147, 238, 273, 

274. 

Moynealty, 95, 99. 
Moynengeanagh, 124. 
Moynish, 147. 
Moyntertagan, 81. 
MoynterroTis, 148. 
Moyobracan, 127. 
Moyoise, 104. 
Moyrath, 100, 105. 
Moyrit, 79. 
Moyvally, 92. 
Moyvore, in, 270. 
Muchardroms, 95. 
Muchalton, 101. 
Muchwodd, 257. 
Muchalstown, 269. 
Muckland, 50. 
Mucklane, 257. 
Mucknoe, 19. 
Muckross, 194. 
Muctionoe, 20. 
Muinter-Vary, 186. 
Mullahassse, 47. 
Mouldowny, 287. 
Mull, no. 
Mullagha, 94. 
Mullaghenonie, 209. 
Mullaghgane, 261. 
Mullaghtnore, 274. 
Mullagrash, 252. 
Mullinderry, 266. 
Mullingar, 107, in, 115, 325. 
Mulloy, 83, 277, 
Mulpit, 273. 

Mulrancan, 59, 225, 256. 
Mulrian, 200. 
Mulron, 390. 
Munckton, 37. 
Munster, i, 2, 156, 181, 186, 195, 

237, 241, 247, 281, 303, 330, 

343- 
Murphy, 352. 
Muscry, 208, 308. 
Muscry-Wherk, 208; 
Mushanaglass, 186. 
Muskerry, 157, 167, 1 68, 26 1 1 

283. 

Muyno, 124. 
Myagh, 157, 197. 



376 



INDEX. 



Myller, 289. 
Mynloch, 135. 
Myross, 279. 
Myshall, 271. 
Myssell, 254. 
Mysett, 252. 

N 

Naale, 38. 
Naas, 35, 44, 47, 48, 49, 50, 90, 

233, 252, 263. 
Nagle, 83, 171, 192, 278. 
Naish, 66, 206, 283, 290, 352, 356 
Nail, 94, 97. 
N angle, 92, 96, 103, 104, no, 

113, 232, 252. 
Narraghe, 232. 
Naughton, 277. 
Naul, 92, 103. 
Navan, 91, 92, 94, 95, 98, 99, 

101, 232. 
Nazeby, 47. 
Neagh, (see Evagh and Eagh) 

20. 

Neal McBryan, II. 
Neale The, 275. 
Neece, 15. 
Needham, 260. 
Nelson, 102. 
Netterville, 37, 39, 91, 94, 98, 

101, 269, 291, 349, 350. 
Neur, 56, 66, 68. 
Nevill, 62, 257. 
Nevinstown. 
Newbrook, 276. 
Newcastle, 27, 30, 37, 39, 45, 

69, 92, 95, 103, 104, 106, 164, 

199, 256. 

Newcastle Prendergast, 284. 
Newforest, 273. 
Newhall, 47, 258. 
Newlande, 47, 231. 
Newmarket, 281. 
Newport, 275. 
Newrie, 6, 12, 33. 
New Ross, 50, 58, 72, 226. 
Newton, 5, 47, 99. 
Newton O'Clane, 252. 
Newton O'More, 252. 
Newtown, 71, 250, 272, 273, 

274, 275. 

Newtown-Anner, 284. 
Neylan, 233. 
Neyles, 27. 
Nimestowne, 256. 
Niemann, 64. 
Nogha, 255. 
Nolan, 254. 290. 



Noraghe, 47, 50, 253. 

Normanton, 93. 

Norris, 5, 51, 33, 84, 1 86, 230, 
282, 350. 

Norton, 18. 

Northampton, 281. 

Northerborne, 239. 

Nottingham, 46. 

Nuehowse, 4. 

Nugents, 5, 12, 34, 38,85, 93, 
99, loo, 101, 102, 103, 105, 
106, 154, 162, 163, 166, 227, 
260, 270, 271, 290, 302, 349 

O 

Oakley, 281. 

Oak Park, 263. 

O'Banan, 87. 

O'Beirne, 104, 151, 152^ 153, 
203, 276. 

O'Bolger, 258. 

O'Boyle, 31, 32, 33, 34, 248, 285 

O'Breen, in, 196. 

O'Brena, 255, 256. 

O'Brennan, 54, 72, III, 190. 

O'Bric, 158. 

O'Brien, 59, in, 124, to 130. 
138, 163, 171, 172, 198, 201, 
202, 203, 214, 221, 222, 228, 

236, 271, 272,284, 336,350. 

O'Burney, 104. 

O'Byrne, 36, 40, 41, 42, 45, 50, 
53, 54, 104, in, 264, 302, 

3 26 . 331- 
O'Cahan, 28, 33, 34, 249, 262, 

289, 297, 322, 338. 
O'Callaghan, 157, 158, 167, 168, 

'75. '76, 177. '83. '94, 279. 

297 

O'Carolan, 262. 
O'Carran, 215. 
O'Carroll, 82, 87, 88, 89, 207, 

215, 241, 268, 24, 330. 
O'Casy, 289. 
O'Cherony, 288. 
O'Clanchy, 129. 
O'Clery, 215, 288, 294, 295, 313. 
O'Coffy, 50, 139. 
O'Concannon, 135. 
O'Connell, 190, 282. 
O'Connery, 163. 
O'Connor, 32, 35, 78, 81, 83, 

85, 86, 91, 105, 126, 138, 141, 

145, 146, 152, 153, 155, 189, 

194, 219, 226, 230, 237, 268, 

295. 32, 327- 

O'Conor Dun, 143, 150, 151, 
152, 276. 



O'Conor Faly, 85, 86, 109. 
O'Connor Kerry, 157, 189, 190, 

191, 192, 194. 
O'Conor Roe, 123, 150, 151, 

276. 
O'Connor Sligo, 123, 144, 145, 

275, 276. 
O'Corres, 250. 
O'Crean, 145, 275. 
O'Cowig, 167. 
O'Crowley, 158, 177, 186, 

229. 

O'Cullen, 177, 194, 201. 
O'Daly, 83, 88, 129, 134, 142, 

169, 177, 186, 194, 274, 294. 
O'Dea, 127, 129. 
O'Dempsy, 35, 49, 79, 80, 81, 

84. 

O'Der, 93. 

O'Devany, 285, 294. 
O'Devlin, 250. 
O'Devoy, 80. 
O'Docherty, 29, 30,31,32,34, 

39, 250, 263, 337. 
O'Doghe, 255. 
O'Doiran, 257. 
O'Donelan, 139, 274. 
O'Donichan, 193. 
O'Donin, 186. 
O'Donnell, 24, 29, 30, 31, 33, 

34.5. 5', "5. 122.123, 142, 
145, 147, 149, 223, 238, 248, 
251, 262, 263, 302, 303, 304, 
38, 319, 337, 338, 355. 

O'Donnely, 22, 27. 

O'Donnoles, 250. 

O'Donoghue, 177, 187, 282, 335, 

O'Donoghue Glann, 187, 188, 
282. 

O'Donoghue Mor, 187, 188. 

O'Donovan, 72, 177, 180, 186, 
187, 195. 2 79, 280. 

O'Dooly, 87. 

O'Doonelles, 26, 27. 

O'Doran, 80, 257. 

O'Dorne, 254. 

O'Dowda, 144, to 147, 275. 

O'Dowling, 80. 

O'Downy, 207. 

O'Driscol, 168, 172, 173, 176, 
177, 186, 191, 239, 280. 

O'Drycan, 256. 

O'Duigenan, 294. 

O'Dunn, 35, 73, 79, 80, 267. 

O'Dwyer, 177, 208, 209, 210, 
212, 213,331. 

O'Fahy, 138, 289. 

O'Faly, 81. 



INDEX. 



377 



O' Fallen, 151, 154. 

O'Fane, 32. 

O'Fanet, 32. 

O'Felan, 158. 

O'Feolan, 163. 

O'Ferrall, 80, 89, 105, 109, 113, 

114, 115, 116, 226, 231, 267, 

270, 271, 286, 323, 350. 
O'Ffalie, 75, 81, 85, 87, 217. 
O'Fiernagh, 134. 
O'Flaherties, 137, 138, 141, 273, 

274. 

O'Flanagan, 87, 151, 153,277. 
O'Flinn, 151, 167. 
O'Foda, 132. 
O'Fogarty, 215, 284. 
O'Fox, 82, 84, 86, in, 112. 
O'Furrie, 17. 
O'Gallagher, 29, 30, 31, 32, 248, 

276, 285, 287. 
O'Gallogan, 175. 
O'Gara, 145. 
O'Gardie, 129. 
O'Gilmore, n. 
O'Glacan, 294. 
O'Goonagh, 196. 
O'Gormagan, 254. 
O'Gorman, 68. 
O'Gorhye, 288. 
O'Gormoghan, 54- 
O'Grady, 124, 125, 130, 283. 
O'Griffie, 127. 
O'Griffin, 187. 
O'Guin, 17, 34. 
O'Hagan, 21, 26, 34, 84, 208, 

250, 251. 

O'Halagan, 29, 50. 
O'Halloran, 137, 139, 274. 
O'Hanlie, 151, 152, 153. 
O'Hanlon, 3, 19, 23, 34, 50, 

250, 323' 

O'Hara, 17, 144, 145, 261, 276. 
O'Harrie, 17, 350. 
O'Hart, 144, 145, 286. 
O'Healy, 186. 
O'Hegan, 186, 208. 
O'Heher, 193. 
O'Heine, 136, 139, 206. 
O'Hcny, 297. 
O'Herlihy, 182, 186. 
O'Hery, 137. 
O'Hetheriscol, 239. 
O'Hicky, 46. 
O'Hiffeman, 209, 215. 
O'Higgins, 135, 275, 286. 
O'Hillane, 289. 
O'Hogan, 128, 129, 201, 208, 

215, 272, 238. 



O'Holen, 289. 

O'Hologhan, 137. 

O'Horan, 129, 138. 

O'Hosy, 295. 

O'Hurly, 62, 177,201,227,229. 

O'Hynowran, 206. 

Oireacht-Redmond, 337. 

O'Kearney, 84, 210, 270, 284, 

285, 295. 
O'Keefe, 158, 167, 168, 169, 

175. "76. 177- 
O'Kelly, 50, 80, 132, 134, 136, 

151, 153, 154, 163,27310277. 
O'Kennedjr, 208, 212, 213, 216, 

284. 

O'Lally, 138. 

O'Lalor.8, 80,236, 267,280,282. 
Old Abbey, 69. 
Old Aboy, 255. 
Oldcastle, 96. 
Oldcourt, 61, 257. 
Oldcross, 57. 
Olderfleet, 14, 15, 18, 238, 239, 

260. 

Oldtown, 253. 
O'Lery, 186, 187, 195, 279. 
O'Levy, 186. 
O'Loghlin, 126, 127, 129, 130, 

272. 337- 
O'Long, 1 86. 
Olortleighe, 257. 
O'Lughairen, 285. 
O'Lyne, 138. 
O'Madden, 112, 136, 139, 205, 

274. 

Omaghe, 27. 
O'Maghe, 140. 
O'Magher, 88, 163, 202, 208, 

209, 210, 214, 215, 216. 
O'Mahon, 168, 186. 
O'Mahon Carbry, 158, 167, 168, 

177, 186. 

O'Mahon Fionn, 158, 177, 186. 
O'Mahony, 177, 182, 280, 295. 
O'Mally, 14010 144, 238,275. 
O'Mallon, 34. 
O'Mannin, 134. 
O'Many, 132. 
O'Mare, 208. 
O'Meara, 234, 294. 
O'Melaghlins, 78,102, 104, 112. 
O'Melies, 2, 24. 
O'Mey, 250. 
O'Mollhane, 132. 
O'Molony, 272, 286. 
O'Moloy, 81, 83, 86, 88, 268, 

277, 33- 
O'More, 35, 41, 51, 65, 73, 76 



to So, 83, 86, 107, 231, 267. 

300, 302, 305, 326, 327, 331 

334- 

O'Moroghoe, 54, 56, 57, 58, 352, 
O Mulhonery, 125. 
O'Mulconry, 277, 294. 
O'Mullanes, 249, 297. 
O'Mulreny, 16. 
O'Mulrian, 88, 200, 203, 206, 

207, 208, 214, 216, 253, 255, 
284, 33 ' 

O'Murrihie, 186. 

O'Murry, 151, 154, 300. 

Onacht, 187, 208, 335. 

O'Nachton, 151, 154, 277. 

O'Nahan, 288. 

O'Neill,3,6, 7, 8, 10, II, 14, 17, 
21, to 34, 76, 87, 97, 100, 103, 
108, 223, 224, 226, 230, 247, 
250, 251, 253, 260, 261, 267, 
270, 286, 301, 302, 304, 352. 

Oneyland, 21, 129. 

Oneylan, 19, 128, 129, 235. 

Ongestown, 94. 

I O'Nolan, 16, 52, 54, 253, 254, 
I Onulchalons, 13. 

Onye, 34. 

Ophaly, 253. 

O'Quin, 17, 21, 26, 250, 251, 
283. 

O'Quirivane, 274. 

Oranmore, 273. 

O'Reilly, 2, 9, 24, 89, 105, 117 
to 122, 134, 231, 246, 247, 271, 
279, 287,300,311, 321, 350. 
1 O'Relly, 9, 89. 
| Ordriscall, 169. 
I O'Regan, 177. 
I Orey, 30. 

Orgial, 90. 
: O'Rhawley, 50. 

O'Rian, 88, 200, 203, 206, 208, 
214, 253, 255, 284, 331. 

Oriel, 23. 

O'Riodially, 26. 

O'Riordan, 205, 283. 

Orme, 102. 

Ormond, 50, 51, 52, 53, 59, 64, 
67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 76, 
77, 79, 84, 87, 88, 143, 207, 

208, 2O9, 211, 215, 217, 225, 
226, 254, 301, 302, 304, 330, 

332. 349- 

Ornaugh, 19. 

O'Roddy, 149. 

Orpen, 283. 
i O'Renehan, 286. 
,0'Rourk, 34, 141, 147, 148, 149. 

3B 



378 



INDEX. 



152, 255, 276, 300, 303, 304, 

325. 3 2 9. 

Osbertstown, 45, 46, 252. 
Osborne, 163, 278, 284. 
O'Scott, 50. 
O'Shagnessy, 131, 136, 137,227, 

274. 

O'Shee, 69, 267. 
Ossory, 61,65, 67, 71, 73, 76, 79, 

80, 217, 230, 231, 235, 254, 

266, 285, 349. 
Ossory, Upper, 73, 76, 216, 230, 

349- 

O'Sughrue, 1 68. 
O'Sullevan, 128, 157, 167, 168, 

172, 173. iSoto 195, 280, 288, 

289, 350- 
O'Sullevan Beare, 136, 168,225, 

282. 

O'Sullevan Mor, 168, 230, 282. 
O'Toole, 36, 38, 41, 42, 43, 54, 

62, 264, 302. 
Ouran, 134. 
Outrich, 206. 
Overke, 255. 
Owen, 254. 
Ower, 137, 273. 
Owgan, 47. 
Owlert, 58. 
Owles, 142, 337. 
Owlortvicke, 58. 
Owney, 203, 206, 284. 
Ownhy, 135. 
Ownilechabees, 13. 
Ovvr, 258, 259. 



Pace, 92, 103, 107. 
Packenham, 270. 
Painstown, 46, 94, 264. 
Pale, The, 4. 
Pallace, 78. 
Palles, 97, 263. 
Pallestown, 281. 
Palmerston, 37. 
Parke, 15, 58. 

Parliament (Members of), 349. 
Parres, 107. 
Parions, 268. 
Parsonstown, 93, 268. 
Passage, 161, 164, 165, 239. 
Payen, 255. 
Paynestown, 94, 99. 
Pembroke, 60. 
Pennant, 277. 
Pentenie, 93, 99. 
Peppard, 5, 47, 62, 252, 258, 266, 
30. 



Peppardstown, 260. 

Perce, 122. 

Percy, 18. 

Perrot, 13, 16, 19, 26, 104, 107, 

119. 

Peter's Well, 274. 
Pettetstowne, 256. 
Petits, 104, 107, 352. 
Phersone, 259. 
Phelin, 258. 
Phillipstown, 76, 81, 82, 85, 87, 

244, 263. 
Philpotstown, 94. 
Phippes, 92, 100, 352. 
Phoores, 253. 
Phypo, 38. 

Piercy, 102. 

Piers, 39, 103, 104, 270. 

Pierstone, 94. 

Pigotts, 78, 79, 267, 350. 

Pilsworth, 235. 

Piltown, 165. 

Pincher's Grange, 253. 

Pinner, 73. 

Flatten, 92, 93, 94, 101, 106, 

107. 
Plunket, 4, 5, 38, 39, 91, 93, 94, 

95,96, 97- 98, 227, 231, 232, 

260, 263, 268, 269, 352. 
Poble, 53. 

Poer, 162, 225, 231, 350. 
Pole Hore, 62, 257, 266. 
Pollard, 270. 
Polomonty, 226. 
Polrancton, 256. 
Polrankan, 62. 
Pope, 86. 
Pormanston, 232. 
Portaferry, 105, 106, 260. 
Portarlington, 80. 
Portcroisi, 336. 
Porter, 93,98, III, 289, 352. 
Porterstown, 106, III. 
Portmuck, 18. 
Portnahinch, 73, 81. 
Portnehill, 255. 
Portrane, 97. 
Portriff, 93, 94, 95, 96. 
Portumna, 134, 272. 
Possicktown, 94, 96. 
Pottinger, 260. 
Poulescastle, 225. 
Prover, 282. 
Powers (see Poers and Poors), 

67, 78, 161, 165, 166, 205, 231, 

245, 255, 277, 282, 284, 289. 
Powerscourt, 43, 264. 
Powentoune, 38, 39. 



Powers Wood, 72, 255. 
Prague, 64, 106, 162. 
Prenderfoote, 102. 
Prendergast, 61, 162, 163, 257, 

284, 350. 
Preston, 37, 93, 95, 225, 268, 

269. 

Priests, 287, 294, 295. 
Priesthaggard, 61. 
Prim, 73. 
Prisugard, 257. 
Prospect, 280. 
Protfords, 39, 97. 
Protfortstone, 94. 
Proudestown, 99. 
Proudfootstown Cas., 92. 
Prountford, 95, 101. 
Pullen, 280. 
Purcell, 66, 67, 68, 203, 210, 

212, 254, 255, 256, 267, 280, 

335 ;, 

Purcellstiers, 255. 
Purdon, 264. 
Pygot, 78. 

Q 

Queitrot, 290. 

Queen's Co., 34, 36, 44, 51, 73, 

74, 75, 81, 82, 84, 86, 89, 

261, 267, 327. 
Queen's Fort, 78. 
Queenstown, 279. 
Quin, 21, 26. 

Quin Abbey, 125, 128, 338. 
Quoniamstown, 279. 
Quylan, 91. 

R 

Raaour, 66. 
Raban, 239. 
Rachtor, 66, 288. 
Radboy, 15. 
Rafeig, 98. 
Raferghe, 5. 
Raffin, 94, 98. 
Raffniall, 98. 
Rafoe, 31, 235. 
Ragget, 66, 255. 
Raghlins, 15. 
Rahedin, 253. 
Rahellin, 253. 
Rahen, 256, 275. 
Rahenderry, 265. 
Rainduf, 257. 
Rahine, 258, 279. 
Rahenderg, 257. 
Rakeall, 197, 331. 
Raleigh, 185, 532. 
Ram, 235, 266. 






INDEX. 



379 



Ramshead Island. 
Ramalton Castle, 31, 32. 
Ramellon Castle, 32. 
Randallston, 95, 269. 
Ranelagh, 234, 269. 
Randol, 15. 
Randolfston, 190. 
Ranechadie, 12. 
Raphesk, 93. 
Raphoe, 32, 234, 285. 
Rarrody, 136. 
Rarush, 254. 
Rath, IOI, 253. 
Rathaldron, 94, 97. 
Rathangan, 45. 
Rathalvey, 58. 
Ratharding, 254. 
Rathannan, 282. 
Rathbride, 48, 252. 
Rathcally, 72, 255. 
Rathclare, 4. 
Rathcoffy, 45, 47, 252. 
Rathcon, 94. 
Rathconnyl, 91. 
Rathcormack, 278. 
Rathcredon, 38. 
Rathdowney, 58, 256. 
Rathdrome, 42. 
Rathengerge, 54. 
Rath Reynolds, 94. 
Rathesker, 4. 
Rathetam, 267. 
Rathfarnham, 264. 
Rathfeigh, 94. 
Rathfernen, 37. 
Rathgarvan, 254. 
Rath House, 264, 
Rathkeale, 197, 331. 
Rathkenny, 94. 

Rathlin, 16. 

Rathlion, 97. 

Rathlonnane, 256. 

Rathmagolduld, 84. 

Rathmanee, 59, 60. 

Rathmokue, 60. 

Rathmore, 48, 51, 92, 96, 
252, 269. 

Rathnegarry, 51. 

Rathnetesky, 258. 

Rathode, 94, 95. 

Rathperise, 258. 

Rathpodenboy, 257. 

Rathronane, 257. 

Rathroe Cas., 257. 

Rathsilben, 239. 

Rathshillane, 256. 

Rathtain, 94. 

Rathvilley, 51, 52. 



97 



Rathwire, 103, 271; 

Ratoathe, 95, 98. 

Ratoryn, 97. 

Ratroge, 254. 

Ratten, 106, 

Rattbo, 283. 

Raville, 253, 254; 

Rawyre, 102, 103; 

Raymond, 283. 

Raynolds, 83. 

Reade, 93, 269. 

Reagh, 257, 258, 259, 271, 276, 

279, 283. 
Reban, 232, 252. 
Reken, 289. 
Redbaye, 15, 18; 
Redestoime, 256. 
Red Haven, 32. 
Redington, 272. 
Redmond, 61, 256. 
Redsherd, 196. 
Reeks, The, 282. 
Reg, 240. 
Rehins, 275, 350; 
Reilly, 102. 
Remotestoune, 256. 
Remfemonde, 258. 

Renville, 272, 338. 
Reough, 253. 

Representatives of the Old 
Families, 260. 

Revenue, 240. 

Reynel, 73. 

Reynolds, 39, 276 351. 

Reynoldstown, 39. 

Rhahin, 79, 80. 

Rheban, 265. 

Ribera, 286. 

Rice, 4, 163,192, 205, 282, 350 

Richardstown, 5. 

Rider, 252, 264. 

Ridgway, 244, 351. 

Ricknhore, 38. 

Rincalisky, 168. 

Risserd, 167. 

Riverstown, 92, 93. 

Riversdale, 268. 

Roan, 92. 

Robertstown, 45, 91, 93, 95, 
97, 99, '99, 265. 

Robinson, 167. 

Robinstone, 95, 107. 

Roche, 57, 58, 60, 62, 164, 167, 
171, 184, 197, 199, 210, 223, 
225, 256, 257, 278, 280, 290, 

3, 351- 

Rochesland, 57, 60. 
Rochestown, 5, 69, 262. 



:ochford, 47, 50, 57, 61, 72, 

94, 95, 96,97, 163, 252, 256, 264 
iockforest, 269. 
~oe, 5, 167, 276, 303, 351. 
logerstown, 93, 255. 
^ome, 288. 
ionayne, 164, 184; 
~.ooe, 94. 

.oold, 167. 
looth, 70. 
iorie, 226. 
losbare, 239; 
ioristown, 269. 
loscarbery, Bishop, 172. 
losbrien, 279. 

Coscommon, 123, 131, 240, 24t| 
255, 263, 266, 275, 276, 277. 
/Joscrea, 215. 

:<oSegarland, 57, 60, 62, 257; 
Rose Hill, 275. 
Rosemeane, 99, 111,141, 144, 

150, 151. 
Roses, 96. 
Rosewood, 48. 
Roskain, 239. 
Rosmaynock, 258. 
Rosroe, 271. 
Ross Carbery, 236, 239, 274) 

283, 286. 
Rosse, 56, 59, 61, 167, 170, 

262, 268, 282. 
Rosselltoune, 257. 
Rossiter, 59, 60, 66, 256, 257; 
Ross Hill, 272. 
Ross Levin, 275. 
Ross Lewin, 272; 
Rossmine, 95. 

Rossnarowe, 255. 

Rothe, 56, 66, 254, 286, 352; 

Round Towers, 357. 

RouteThe,i3, 15, 17, 18,34,261. 

Rovan, 100. 

Rowe, 48, 93, 258. 

Rowen, 93. 

Rowestown, 93, 94, 97. 

Rowthstown, 94. 

Rush, 78, 238, 356. 

Russell, 9, 12, 27, 38, 39, 41, 
93, 101, in, 183, 260. 

Russellston, in. 

Russellswood, 253, 

Ryan, 198, 203, 214, 284. 

Rynana, 271. 

S 

Saintleger, 232. 

Sale, 93, 100, 290, 352. 

Salamanca, 343. 

Salestowne, 93, too. 



INDEX. 



Salisbury, 251. 

Sail, 215, 290. 

Sanders, 8, 28, 252. 

Sankey, 82, 161. 

Sanshill, 257. 

Sarsfield, 37, 48, 50, 60, 99. 100, 

167, 170, 252,279, 281, 351. 
Sault, 252. 
Saunderscourt, 266. 
Saunderson, 263. 
Savages, 9, 10, 14, 48, 60, 105, 

232, 260, 265. 
Scarvagh, 271. 
Scarriff, 336. 
Scatterig, 12. 
Scotland, 234. 
Scoyne, 100. 
Scraghe, 268. 
Scryne, 93, 232, 276. 
Scurlogstown Castle, 92. 100. 
Seaforde, 266. 
Seaton, 38, 283. 
Segerson, 252. 
Segrave, 5, 38, 39, 93, 263, 

293- 

Sergeant, 253. 
Serment, 254. 
Seskinrem, 254. 
Sessueman, 276. 
Sexton, 284. 
Seymour, 284. 
Shaen, 134, 135,271. 
Shanagollen, 271. 
Shanamullen, 267. 
Shandon, 164. 
Shane, 28, 88, 89, 103, 104, 106, 

114, 116, 350. 
Shane's Castle, 260, 261. 
Shanganagh, 38. 
Shangarry, 254. 
Shankhill, 277. 
Shannon (see Sheynin), 172, 

216, 300, 303. 
Shee, 66, 69, 70, 205, 226. 254. 

267, 291, 351. 
Sheemore, 276. 
Sheerhes, 204. 
Sheestown, 69, 267. 
Sheffield, 73. 
Shelmalin, 56. 
Shenet Castle, 199. 
Sherberre, 56. 
Sherkin, 168. 
Sherlock, 5, 38, 47, 60, 61, 96, 

100, 162, 163, 166, 252, 256, 

257, 292, 292, 350. 
Sherlockstown, 48, 252. 
Shewroyher, 188. 



Sheynan, 166, rg6. 
, S hey ne, 290. 

Sheynen, 81, 82, 102, 104, 113, 
122, 125, 131, 187, iSS, 196, 
216, 238, 
' Shebbirne, 256, 257. 

Shilelagh, 41. 

Shillecker, 255. 

Shilmalyre, 257. 

Sliilogh, 36. 

Shirley, 22, 23. 

Short Castle, 281. 

Shortall, 67, 71, 255. 

Shroughbooe, 254. 

Shyan, 166. 

Shynan Castle, 78, 79. 
I Sidon, ico. 
; Sigen, 256. 
! Siggenston, 253. 

Sinot Court, 38. 
| Skerrets, 133, 274. 
| Skerries, 238. 

Skibbereen, 280. 
i Skiddies, 164, 183. 
: Skryne, 93. 

Slade, 60, 61. 

Sladde, 256, 257. 

Slane, 60, 69, 92, 94, 99, 227, 
260, 349. 

Slaney, 50, 56. 

Slaune, The, 258. 

Sleggar, 71. 

Sleumaghe, 73. 

Slevey, 257. 

Slevoy, 60. 

Slewlogher, 169, 196, 331. 

Slewmargie, 30, 74, 232. 

Slievebloom, 75, 78, 82, 89. 

Slievecomer, 75. 

Slieve Gallen, 297. 
: Sligo, 2, 29, 123, 141, 144, 145, 
147, 148, 150, 238, 240, 275, 
276, 

Slingesby, 175. 
, Smarmore, 5, 260. 

Smith, 10,67,71,80,97,252,281 

Smithstown, 38, 72, 94, 101. 

Sobieski, 47. 

Sonagh, 270. 

Sourley Buy, 16. 

Southampton, 49. 

Sowa Castle, 186. 

Sparke, 93. 

Spencer, 23. 

Spring, 194, 350. 

Stackallan, 92. 

Stackallen, 94. 

Slackpole, 204, 289. 



Stackes, 192. 

Stafford, 12, 34, 57, 61, 63, 71 
244, 256. 

Stalorgan, 39. 
1 Stamen, loo. 
Stanihurst, 48, 58. 
I Stanley, 4, 93, 343, 349, 351. 

Staples, 94. 

Staplestowne, 254. 

Stapleton, 284. 

Starallen, 94. 

Strangford, 238. 

Starr, 62. 

Starrovvalshe, 258, 259. 

Staunton, 66. 

St. Canice, 68, 70, 71, 72, 226. 

Stevenston, 91, 94, loo. 

Stephen St., 98. 

St. Gudule, 275. 

St. James' Castle, 70. 

St. John, 61, 62, 151, 244, 350. 

St. John's Bower, 265. 

St. Kathrens, 39, 45. 

St. Laurence, 73, 86, 102, 227. 

St. Leger, 52, 71, 78, 185, 244, 

255, 262, 282, 350. 
St. Mallins, 265. 

St. Michell, 46, 232. 

St. Mollines, 36, 51, 52, 53, 54, 
64, 253, 254. 

St. Molyn, 253. 

Stokes, 38, 252, 284. 

Stookes, 94. 

Strabane, 27, 250, 297, 349. 
I Stradbally, 78, 267. 
> Straffane, 262. 

Straghmor, 259. 

Strahard, 80. 

Strancally, 166. 

Strange, 71, 154, 350. 

Strangford, 10, 12, 238, 264. 

Streamstown, 274. 

Street, no. 

Strong, 70, 71, 164, 286, 351. 

Stuart, 263. 

Stukeley, 59. 

St. Wolstans, 37, 44, 48, 252. 

Suck, 131, 150. 

Suer, 33, 35, 56, 64, 157, 158, 

303. 

Suffolk, 152, 267, 
Sullevan, 280, 350. 
Sunnagh, 104, 107. 
Supple, 203, 281, 
Surleboy, 16. 
Surnings, 252. 
Sutton, 38, 45, 46, 47, 61, 252, 

256, 257, 349. 



INDEX. 



Swan, 296. 

Swayne, 66, 7 1 - 

Swedy Lough, 103. 

Sweetman, 67, 71, 

S willy Lough, 30, 33. 

Swords, 36, 37, 38. 

Sydley, 102. 

Sydney, 19, 20, 23, 55, 76, 131, 

270. 

Sygin, 61. 
Syginston, 61. 
Sylane, 274. 
Syney, 102. 
Synot, 38, 56, 57, 58, 61, 64, 

256, 257, 258, 266, 300, 350. 
Syonan, 104. 



Taffe, 4, 5, 73, 79, 93, 97. 260. 

Taghmon, 59, 62, 105. 

Taghunan, 61. 

Tagomane, 256. 

Tailten, 90. 

Tailor, 38, 39, 351. 

Talbot, 4, 37, 38, 43, 47, 92, 93, 

94, 95, 99, 10, i6, 256, 259, 

263, 292,349, 351. 
Talbotstown, 41. 
Tallaght, 261, 264, 269. 
Tallniall, 106. 
Tallon, 93, 94, 101. 
Tallow, 37, 166, 17;. 
Taman, 256. 

Tample Wodekann, 257. 
Tanconshanee, 59, 60, 
Tankard, 93, 99. 
Tankardstown, 79, 95. 
Tanrago, 276. 
Tappock, 39. 
Tara, 90, 93, 98. 
Tarbert, 109. 
Tarturs, 13. 
Tartayne, 38. 
Tassagard, 39. 
Tath-Rath, 95. 
Taylor, 38, 39. 
Teaquin Castle, 134. 
Teara, 43. 

Teaghcroghan, 95, 101, 
Teeling, 269. 
Teenes, 3. 
Teffia, 84. 
Teighin, 258. 
Teling, 94, 95, loo. 
Telinstown, 101. 
Templemichael, 166. 
Templemore, 215, 



Templeoge, 37. 

Templeton, 262. 

Tempo, 262. 

Tempodessel, 262. 

Tenche, 266. 

Tennecarricke, 254. 

Tenne-Killeh, 79. 

Tennekille, 80. 

Tennelick, 231. 

Tentober, 257. 

Termingraghe, 24. 

Termonfecken, 92, 232. 

Terry, 192. 

Teurelan, 254. 

Tew, 163. 

Thistle-Keran, 93. 

Thomas Court, 348. 

Thomond, 124, 127, 130, 216, 
221, 231, 302, 336, 349. 

Thomnebaghy, 255. 

Thomyne, 254. 

Thomas St. 99. 

Thomaston, 48, 66, 68. 

Thomastowne, 96. 

Thornburgh, 236. 

Thorne, 163. 

Thornton, 201, 206, 

Thurlesbeg, 284. 

Thurles, 215, 218, 

Thyvyn, 66. 

Tibbotnelong, 142, 

Ticooly, 274, 277. 

Ticroghan, 92. 

Tinerana, 264. 

Tinnahinch, 73, fg, Si. 

Tinraheene, 58. 

Tinterne, 57, 60, 233. 

Tintubber, 257. 

Tipp, 252. 

Tipper, 45, 47, 349. 

Tipperary, 65, 68, 71, 74, 88, 
156, 158, 196, 207, 211, 225, 
226, 234, 252, 262, 263, 264, 
267, 270, 273, 278, 281, 284. 

Tippersold, 38, 39. 

Tippston, 252. 

Tiranly, 142, 337. 

Tir- Bruin na Sinna, 276. 

Tirerrill, 144, 145, 338. 

Tirhugh, 32. 

Tirke, Mayne, 238. 

Tirrell, 34, 100, 103, 107, 112, 

32, 327, 352- 
Tirriaugh, 19. 
Tirriaughelie, 2O. 
Tiscorre, 259. 
Tlachta, 90. 
Toam, 234, 237. 



Tobberton, 38. 

Tobercaoch, 274. 

Tobin, 71, 163, 210,225,255,356 

Tobragney, 208. 

Todd, 66, 235. 



Toghrighie, 251. 
Tohyrly, 54. 



Tohyrly, 54. 

Toledo, 286. 

Tolghan, 85. 

Tolmalag Haven, 239. 

Tomand, 253. 

Tombs, 45, 60, 62, 63, 64, 68, 
69, 7', 72, 355, 35 6 >et passim. 

Tomcoyle, 258. 

Tomduff, 258. 

Tomgarrough, 253. 

Tomger, 257. 

Tomhaggard, 60, 61. 

Tomies, 280. 

Tomlaine, 257. 

Tomm Dire, 259. 

Tomona, 276. 

Tomyne, 253. 

Tooles, 35, 40, 41, 42, 43. 

Togau, 73, 262. 

Towers, Round, 357 

Towany, 15. 
I Tracie, 8. 

I Tracton Abbey, 281. 
I Tralee, 239, 283. 

Traley, 189. 
1 Traley Castle, 190. 
I Tramore, 164. 

Trant, 282, 352. 

Traunts, 192. 

Travers, 38, 

Trent Council of, 286, 287. 

Trevers, 42. 

Trevor, 50. 

Tribleston, 94. 

Trim, 91, 92, 94, 95, 102, 234, 
244. 

Trimberton, 95. 

i Trimleston, 92, 93, 94, 269, 349, 
| Triscornagh, 104. 
j Tristernagh, 234. 
j Tristernagh Abbey, 270. 
i Tristinaughe, 103. 

Troddye, 67, 72. 
Tromer, 62. 

Troneblie, 95. 

Trow, 23. 

Trough, 322. 

Trubly, 92, 97, 

Tuadrommeen, 278. 

Tuam, 125, 131, 227, 234, 237, 

273, 274, 286. 
Tubberlomunaugh, 257. 



3 82 



INDEX. 



Tuberngan, 253. 

Tuite, 90, 96, 103, 104, 107, 

154, 268, 270. 
Tuitestown, 103, 104, 107. 
Tullagh, 253, 254. 
Tullaghan, 105. 
Tullaghanbroge, 71. 
Tullaghagrory, 252. 
Tullaghard, 94. 
Tullamore, 268. 
Tullophelim, 51. 
Tullock, 94. 
Tullon, 277. 
Tullow, 65, 231. 
Tully, 48, 51, 79, 252. 
Tullynally, 270. 
Tully O'Dea, 127, 338. 
Tullyra, 274. 
Turbotstown, 270. 
Turner, 46, 62, 256, 351. 
Turning, 48. 
Turoe, 273. 

Turvey, 37, 38, 97, 99, IOI. 
Tusher, 257. 
Tylin, 99, 101. 
Tymog, 79. 
Tymoghe, 252. 
Tynan, 34. 
Tynehinch, 226, 
Tynt, 97. 

Tyrconnell, 24, 25, 29, 30, 34. 
Tyrconnell, Earl, 31, 47,. 223, 

248, 251, 263. 
Tyrmin-Omungan, 24. 
Tyrone, 23, 24, 25, 120, 223, 

249, 250, 251, 262, 
Tyrone, Earl, 8, 19, 20, 21, 22, 

23, 24, 26, 26, 28, 30, 31, 33, 
34. 63, 67, 70, 99, 119, 223, 
246, 251, 261, 297, 301, 302, 

33, 304, 349- 
Ty\ve, 67, 

U 

Ublogahell, 297. 
Uchterthera, 277. 
Uisnech, 83, 90. 
Ullard, 2, 255. 
Ulster, I, 29, 34, 223, 237, 246, 

251, 287, 288, 302, 305, 343. 
Diversion, 59. 
Uniacke, 281. 
Upper Court, 226. 
Upton, 261. 
Urquhart, 270. 
Uriel, no. 
Usher, 38, 95, IOI, 233, 263, 

264,351. 
Uskerower, IOI. 



Uskertye, 256. 

V 

Valdesoto, Count, 106. 
Valentia, 222, 239, 282. 
Valley, Knight of the, 202. 
Vaughan, 46. 
Veldon, 94, 98. 
Velvetstown, 28 r. 
Verdon, 4, 5, 107, 203, 352. 
Verona, 106. 
Vesey, 261, 263. 

W 
Wadding, 60, 161, 163, 164, 256, 

289, 290, 292, 293, 351. 
Wafer, 94, loo, 258. 
Wakeley; 82, 91, 352. 

Wale, 53, 98, 164, 211, 253, 254, 

290, 352. 
Waleslogh, 255. 
Walker, 46. 
Wallentimore, 239. 
Wallis, 281. 
Wallscourt, 272. 

Wallop, 56, 57, 63, 64, 235,349. 

Walshe, 38, 42. 43, 48, 50, 62, 
66, 67, 70, no, 126, 129, 160, 
161, 164, 170, 198, 203, 214, 
244, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 
258, 291, 292, 298, 351. 

Walterstown, 95. 

Walton, 264. 

Walworth, 264; 

Warbeck, 278. 

Ward, 260. 

Ward Castle, 37. 

Ward Hill, 90. 

Ware, 282. 

Waring, 92, 95, 350. 

Warringstone, 93, 95. 

Warren, 4, 38, 43, 48, 82, 87, 92, 

94, 99, 233- 352. 
Warrenstown, 4, 99, 233. 
Water Castle, 231. 
Waterford, 35, 56, 59, 156, 157, 

159, 166, 216, 233, 236, 239, 

241, 267, 277, 280, 281, 289. 
Waterhous, 126, 129. 
Waters, 278. 
Waterston, 103, no. 
Waton, 67, 71, 254. 
Weafy, 93; 
Weil, 95. 
Welchetown, 104. 
Weldon, 265, 352. 
Wellesley, 87, 232, 252, 253, 

268. 

Wellfort, 273. 
Wellington, 48, 2651 



Wells, 267. 

Wesley, 47, 48, 50, 95, 96, 98, 352 
Wespelston, 39, 349. 
Westmeath, 82, 83, 89, 90, 100, 
102, 105, 106, 107, 112, 113, 

120, 149, 234, 240, 264, 268, 
269, 270, 271. 

Weston, 38, 39, 263. 

Westport, 275. 

Wexford, 35, 36, 41, 50, 54, 55, 
56, 57, 58, 62, 63, 64, 166, 
225, 226, 241, 243, 256, 261, 
264, 266, 267, 295, 298, 303. 

Wharton, 48. 

Whitechurch, 235, 352. 

White Knight, 231. 

Whitfieldstown, 163. 

Whyte, 10, 12, 39, 44, 45, 48, 
62, 67, 94, 97, 129, 162, 200, 
204, 213, 256, 265, 289, 291, 

292, 351, 352, 355, 35. 
Whytney, 76. 
Whytty, 62, 63, 256, 257. 
Wicklow, 35, 36, 39, 41, 56,80, 

233, 238, 239, 259, 262, 264, 

282, 303. 

Wilkenstone, 94, 104, 350. 
Williams, 50, 85, 306. 
Williamstown, 264. 
Wilmington, 280. 
Winch, 244. 
Windsor, 235. 

Wingfield, 42, 244, 252, 264, 351 
Wirtemburg, 168. 
Wise,l6l, 163, 277, 290, 351. 
Witchurch, 256. 
Wogan, 45, 47, 50, 252, 253. 
Woghterard, 252. 
Woghtereay, 252. 
Woncestowne, 255. 
Woodbine Hill, 280. 
Woodford, 266. 
Woodfort, 282. 
Woodgrage, 257. 
Woodhouse, 281. 
Wood Parks, 269. 
Woodstock, 45, 271. 
Worrall, 5. 
Wotton, 5. 

Woulfe, 46, 197, 265. 
Wray, 263. 
Writers, 294. 
Wyartstone, 37, 38. 
Wycam, 38. 

Youghall, 158, 167,170, 239,281. 
Young, 39, 47, 289. 
Youngstone, 47. 



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The description of Ireland,, 
and the state thereof as it is 
at this present in anno 1598